Newspaper Page Text
Cable News, Sport
and Classified Section
Cable News, Sport
and Classified Section
WEEK-END EDITION, AUGUST 9-10, 1919.
UROPE SEES LITTLE HOPE IN LEAGUE
NS SHOW SMAL
VVliU MUk&. J?&ER & JLiL . fFIRF
ARIViy OF OCCUPATION MURDER
HOIS MD MUTILATES 101
"Peaceful" Taking of Possession Ordered by Framers
of League of Nations in Interest of Law and Order
Turns to Carnival of Crime and Brutality by the
Troops Acting in Sight of the Allied Fleet.
T ONTMDN. Eng, Aug. 3. (Corre-
i-i spondence of The Associated
Press. ) The Greek, array of occupa
tion which landed at Smyrna a few
"rmonths ago reordered and pillaged
the Turks, according to a letter pub
Iihed by Marmadake Plckthall. a
well known writer of eastern affairs.
The writer of the letter was described
by Mr. Plckthall as -the reliable cor-
v respondent," bit his identity was not
Many Are Shot.
The writer asserts that when the
Greek army landed at Smyrna, Turk
!sh troops had been ordered by the
Turkish authorities to remain in their
barracks and that they did so; bat
that the Greeks broke Into places
where Turkl3h officers were collected
and shot down all who would not
shout. 'long live Venlzelos." Many
were thus shot down according to the
writer The writer adds:
Murder Men andf Women.
The governor of Smyrna was
dragged along the wharf and carried
aboard a Greek ship. His wife was
wnundea and his house looted. The
Turkish chief of staff was bayoneted
In tne face and thrown into the hold
If RELP HANG
Brave Belgian Faces Ger
man Commander to Plead
for Edith CavelL
Brussels, Belgium, Aug. 9. (Corre-
spondence of the Associated Press)
If baron von der Lancken-Walkenitz,
--ivii governor and regarded by many
as the real ruler of Belgium during
the German occupation. Is brought to
trial at the Old Bailey in London,
there will b6 present an accused
whom Lancken tried to sent to the
firing squad at the Tir National. That
man Is Gaston de Leva!, a Belgian at
torney, legal counsellor of the Amer
ican legation and special aid to the
American ambassador. Brand Whit
lock and Hugh Gibson, "secretary of
the American legation, during those
da-k of the German occupation in Bel
gium. There is bitter hatred between bar-
o:. LacKen ana toe Belgium attorney
who risked his life in his attempt to
save Miss Edith Cavell. the British
nurse, from execution. Had it not been
for the Intervention of ambassador
Whltlock and Mr. Gibcon a firing
squad might have entertained de Le
val on the morning of October 21.
De Leval accompanied Mr. Gibson
wnen, on October 11. the American
Suetarv went to protest to von der
Lancken against execution of the
death sentence upon Miss Cavell.
While the Spanish minister, the mar
quis of Villalobar. was arguing with
vor der Lancken who refused to inter
vene, the German caught sight of de
Leal and exclaimed: "There is an en
emy subject, what is he doing here?"
Mirquis Villalobar and Mr. Gibson
immediately recognized that Lancken
was attempting to create a diversion
and requeited de Leva! to withdraw.
The latter refused, saying "I shall llvo
to presecute you at your trial."
Lanckne asked Gibson to dismiss de
Leva from the service of the Ameri
can legation. Gibson refused.
A few day" later Lancken came
rageing to the American legation,
bearing a copy cf an English paper
with the story of the execution of
MISS V.il Cll. luuugiiw " 1
report to the state department. Gib
son's rarratlve of the events and de '
Leial's legal conclusions.
This man de Levai win nave to oe
removed from the American legation."
said Lancken. "Under military law he
should be tried by a court martial.
I would reccommend that the most
severe penalty be visited upon him."
On October 21. 1115. Lancken re
turned to the legation -nd demanded
V that de Leva! be given up. Mr. Won
't lock refused De Leval went to Lon
don where he remained tnrougnout
Lancken's parting sally to de Leval
was- "We shall meet again." De Le
val retorted: "I am sure the pleasure
will be all mine." And now they may
meet at the Old Bailey.
Cruel Florentines Take Caruso's
Wine And Supply Of Luxuries And
Brutal Military Seize His Motor
XIORENCE, Italy. Aug. 9. (Corre
spondence of the Associated
Press.) Food Is now being allotted to
Enrico Caruso, opera singer of the
Metropolitan Opera company of New
1 ork. whose picturesque Italian vill Is
situated on the heights of Signa-Las-tra,
nine miles from here, on the same
ratio as to the peasants in this sec
tion. The new deluxe American limousine
he Imported was commandeered by the
military authorities, while the Italian
motor car be owned was requisitioned
bv the prefect of the commune of
Signa-Lastra. The work committees
of the district had had their eyes upon
h's v'lla for many days and, when the
outbreak against the high cost of liv
inff occurred here a few wcks ago.
made a.n Inventory of h!s cellar and
pantry, told him he had far too much
I animals. The senior doctor of the
Turkish army corps was murdered and
bis body mutilated. Fingers of Turk
ish men and women who were rings
were cut off wholesale. Houses were
looted and women robbed of all their
Fleet Look On.
"This was supposed to be an abso
lutely peaceful occupation in the in
terests of law and order. Greece had
not even been at war with Turkey.
In no case did the Turks fight until
they were attacked by the Greeks.
The civilian Greeks Joined with the
Invading soldiery In the work of mur
der and pillage. And the allied fleet
acquiesced In these proceedings,
which were made possible only by its
A member of the house of commons
recently asked the government repre
sentatives whether It was true that
the Greeks had massacred their pris
oners in Smyrna in full sight of the
allied war ships, sir Cecil H. Harms
worth, now secretary of foreign af
fairs, replied that numerous Turkish
officers and men lost their lives in
that way but the Greek government,
he said, regrettel the '.affair and it
was engaging tha attention of the
British minister to Paris.
CUE 0. S. I TO
Gen. Graves Presents a
Medal to Gen. Otani,
Senior at Vladivostok.
Vladivostok, Siberia, Aug. 9. (Cor
respondence of The Associated Press)
MaJ. Gen. William S. Graves, the com
mander In Siberia, recently presented
the distinguished service medal to
Gen. Otani. senior allied commander
In Siberia. In doing so Gen. Graves
said he desired to testify to the cour
teous and careful consideration given
by the Japanese commander to all
questions placed before him.
Gen. Otani expressed Ms gratitude
to the president of the United States
for the honor conerred and tendered
a dinner to Gen. Graves and the
American staff. In proposing a toast
to Gen. Graves, the Japanese general
tlated that "the harmony and cooper
ation which exists between American
and Japanese forces in Siberia Is
largely due to the wise manner in
which Gen. Graves has guided af
fairs."" Gen. Otani said that he had issued
an order to the Japanese forces in
Siberia informing them of the bestow
al of the medal and urging them to
redouble their efforts "to promote
and to make still stronger the spirit
of concert and friendship existing be
tween the armies of Japan and the
Old Dickons Manuscript
Not To Be Published
London. Eng, Aug. 9. That there
Is a hitherto unpublished Dickens
manuscript was revealed I ere when
a great American publishing house
approached Henry F. Dickens with a
blank cnecK in an enaeavor 10 ouy it.
for serial publication in an American
The work is the ""Life of Christ."
written by Charles Dickens for his
children. He did not desire It to be
published. It is therefore being re
tained in manuscript form in the
Dickens family and probably will go
ultimately, not to American readers,
but to the British museum.
King Of Hedjaz Gives
Horses To King George
London. Eng, Aug. 9. The "king of
the Hedgehogs," to use Tommy's
phrase, or King of the Hedjaz, In the
parlance of the League of Nations
which has given him world recogni
tion as a ruler, is said to be assuming
his kingly state with the giving of
King George, according to report,
will soon be riding "Rotten Row" on
the hack of a beautiful black Arab
horse, one of two which have come
to him from the newly recognized
for one man and his small family to
live npon and seized some of the wine
In his cellar. Describing the affair
etgnor Caruso said, to the Associated
Singer Is Peered.
I was visited by a distinguished
commission of men and women, con
veyed up these bills In two luxurious
automobiles decorated In red stream
ers. These read to me my mode of
life In Italy and I have since been
forced to live under their mandate.
"Ton know we have not starved
here, though. We have had enough to
eat. We have divided our supplies
with the people in the red automobiles
and have managed to get along. I do
not know Just what I will do in tne
future. I pay the Italian government
more than a million lire taxes a year,
but I can ask for little protection for
my property. I have two years' work
o urine the war to the cause of the al
lies and, therefore, to the cause of
ij Alfonso Of Spain
I Heads Celebration
Of End Of Wax
A MOST recent photograph of kins
Alfonso, of Spain. The photo
graph showing the kine in uniform
was made in the palace grounds cur
ing the recent peace celebration in
John Bull Prefers To Mate
With Woman Who Is
Past Sentimental Age.
London. Enff, Arts. 9. Tradition
ally attractive, the widow is becom
ing even more popular with "mar
riageable" men In Britain.
"Why did I marry a widow?"
TVell. Just Imagine yon were buy.
ine a horse, yotf d buy one that had
been broken In. In any case yond
have more sense than to put aa fresh
voting thing straight Into harness and
epect it to carry yon and your dog
cart into town without a mishap,"
quoth one sturdy swain who pos
sessed the heavenly gift of logic and
had reached the stage of fat and 48.
when Comfort so often cuts out Cupid.
The same with a woman. Take
my advice, marry a wioow; youn find
she" Is well trained for domesMc life.
The worst Is over. She has no filu
sons of men."
This growing popularity of the
widow Is creating quite a stir
among "bachelor girls." They prefer
the name to that of spinsters. Their
protest is to the effect that widows
have had their share and they ought
to stand aside and let others have a
chance. But widows are In great de
mand. He was 25 and good looking. She
was It andUnretty. Her first husband
left her and drank himself to death.
She was plucky enough to try again,
and this time with no small success.
Even though they had been married
two years he had no fault to find.
"Agnes is a wonderful woman," he
said. "She has gone past that senti
mental stage where the inexperienced
wife makes herself a nuisance to her
"If I forget to kiss her she doesn't
break her heart. If I stay a bit late
at the dub. when 1 get home I don't
find her in tears and whining aboat
my neglect. That's where marrying
a widow helps she understands."
Another typical case of the widow's
attraction. She was a war widow.
Two years ago his had been the task
of carrying to her her man's last mes
sage. It Is easy to see that her pity
had been the forerunner to love.
The widow holds strange power.
Many girls say if they wore widow's
weeds and a ring they would have
proposals in no time.
"More widders Is married than
single wlmmen." said the immortal
Sam Weller. He's right In England,
Hawaii To Hold Great
Swimming Contest For
Athletics Of The World
Honolulu, T. Aug. S. Plans are
being made for another big swimming
meet here, to be held in Honolulu har
bor about October 30. It is expected
that Miss Fanny Durack, holder of the
world records, and Miss MIna Wylie,
breast stroke champion, will partici
pate in the meet, stopping over In
Honolulu on their way home to Aus
tralia from the United States, where
they are at present
VlSlt Ur nelSnan KinS Will
t 7 A
jjeciaejimuae ur rope kjyi
Longstanding Vatican Rule
Holy See Has Eefused to Receive Catholic Sovereigns
Who Visit Rome Since Occupation of Holy City by
Troops in 1840, As a Protest Against the
"Usurpation" of Papal Temporal Rights.
ROME. Italy. Auff. 9. Will pope
Benedict XV. receive the Belgian
It hf well known that the holy see
has never abandoned the attitude of
protest against the occupation of the
eternal city by the Piedmontes troops
under Gen. Cialdinl on September 20,
1S70. The form of .protest which has
hitherto pro Ted roost effective and
often placing the Italian government
in a very embarrassing position, is
the refusal on the part of the holy
father to receive Catholic sovereigns
who come to Rome on an official visit
to the king. It was for this reason
that king Humbert's visit to Vienna
was never returned by the late em
peror Franz-Josef. Leo XI I L having
informed the emperor that In addition
to not receiving him he would with
draw the papal nuncio from Vienna.
t that time Austria held all :he
trump cards In the game itb Italy aud
did not mind In the least if she hurt
the feelings of ber ally.
On several occasions Vatican diplo
macy has scored successes by stick
ing to the principle that Catholic
sovereigns must not visit the Italian
king in Home, because by so doing
they tacitly give their sanction to the
'usurpation of xapal rights. As re
gards Protestants beads of states no
such veto exists, as tbey are bound by
no ties 1o the holy se and are gladly
welcomed by the pope.
The exkalser, king Edward VII. and
president Wilson had no difficulty In
seeing the Holy Father, though they
were the guests of the king.
An Interesting exception to the gen
eral and inflexible rule took place re
cently when the president of the
I'n i ted Etc es of Brazil, senor Epi-
AUSTRALIAN GENERAL PRAISES
AMERICAN ARMY HE COMMANDED
"Yanks and Anzacs Blood Brothers," Says the Officer
Who Led the Allied Force in the Great Attack on the
Strongest Part of the Hindenburg Line, Which
Turned the Fortunes of the Greatest; of Wars.
LONDON. Eng Aug- 9. (Corre
i spondence of the Associated Press).
Australian and American soldiers
are -full blood brothers, In the opin
ion of Lieut. Gen. Sir John Mori ash,
command erinehief of the Australian
forces In the war, because the Ameri
cans were never placed In any posl.
tion. nor called upon to perform any
duty, when, as the general expressed
It in a speech here recently, they did
not dellver the goods."
Gen. Monaah said he first reached
this conclusion In 'the early dawn of
the Fourth of July, 1318. when for
the first time, Australian troops,
fighting side by side with the Ameri
cans In the Somme sector, won the
battle of Hamel and gave to the al
lied arms the first success they had
achieved since the Germans began
their memorable advance on March 2L
Was Torn Ine Point.
This battle was the turning point
of the war." said Gen. Monash. It
was a brilliant and unqualified suc
cess, and Its effect upon the morale,
both of the enemy and of our own
men, was electric and startling. It
became the model of all subsequent
rTilViV.iATit In Vr nr snd It tmvm)
J the way for the great counter offen
sive m August."
The American troops engaged. Gen.
Monash said, were 1000 men from the
33d division, commanded by Gen.
John Bell. The 33d division was then
undergoing training. Gen. Monash ,
said he had asKed and obtained per-'
mission to eryIoy 1000 of the Ameri
cans In the battle of Hamel, but on I
the eve of the battle the permission:
T passed a strenuous and exciting,
period of two hours, continued Gen. I
Monash. "So far as I could learn,!
the order originated In some mis
mis understanding at American gen
eral headquarters as to the estate of
preparedness for battle of this divi
sion. Inalats on Tanks.
T could not afford to have myj
battle plans ruined at the last mo
ment by the withdrawal of a large!
fraction of my assaulting Infantry,
so I went to my army ctfmmander
and delivered an ultimatum. If the
Americans were not allowed to re.
main in the order of battle, then the
battle In the morning would be off. i
Unless a decision was given by 6 !
oclock that night the battle would
go on with the Americans In t as
planned. We managed to Intercept I
the command erinehief and he gave
the order. "Carry on. I
Those 1000 Americans covered1
themselves with glory, and I can pay
them no greater compliment than by
saying that from that day on our,
Australian veterans took them to1
their hearts as full blood brothers,
Gen. Monaah declared that the 131st
American reriment of the 33d dlvi-;
slon. In company with the 13th Aus
tralian brisrade. "fought a most gal-,
lant and successful series of actions:
which resulted In the capture of
Chtptlly Snur. when the great;
counter-offensive was launched by
Australians and Canadians In the!
Somme sector on August 8. 1918. :
This, he said, ma',e secure my left
flank, thereby enabling me to get
astrMe of the valley of the Somme !
and hunt the enemy clean out of It
for 20 miles.
Tad American Corp.
Gen. Monash had under bis com
mand In the closing days of the war
the whole Second American army
corns. mre than 60 nno men of the
7th and 30th American divisions.
This army, h said, overthrew the
Hindenburg defence svstem at "s
"most strongly defended point The
1 rr Tk r A
ta?io Pessoa, who had come on an of
ficial visit to the Italian king and
gorernment in Rome, was received In
solemn audience by the pope, although
he Is a devout Catholic and the head
of a Catholic nation.
Sticks to Precedent.
The liberal press was not slow In
noun em tr uDon this nrecedent. affirm
ing that the holy see had understood
the folly of perpetuating a mistake
and that In the future no difficulty
would be placed In the way of Catho
lic sovereigns desirous of visiting the
pope. This point of view, however,
though very sensible, was declared to
be absolutely false by an official com
minlque of the Osservatore Romano,
explaining that president Pessoa had
onlv been received bv the nope as
rpresident-elect" or. in other words.
s a private inaivianax. not naving i
yet assumed the reins of power. Tne
holy see declared the Osservatore
Romano, will not depart an Inch
from the line It has adopted since
The question now arises, and It is a
very serious question because it may
lve rise to diplomatic complications,
what will be the attitude of the holy
see in the event of a -visit of the Bel
gian king to king Victor Emmanuel?
This visit has already been practically
decided upon and will take place at
any time now since the peace treaty
has bo. a signed.
Is In Dilemma.
The holy see Is, therefore, con
fronted with this dilemma: Either
deoart from its traditional nolle? or
to refuse to receive one of the most .
church. The situation Is highly em- I
Darrassing, and I understand teat
Benedict XV. has asked the Advice of
cardinal Mercler. Should the Holy
Father adopt the opinion of the great
Belgian prelate, there is no douot
that the problem would be solved In
a most satisfactory manner to all con
cerned. share of the American divisions in
these operations was characterized by
Gen. Monash as "probably the great
est single American feat of arms
achieved In the whole war. The
operations were completed on Octo
ber 5, he said, and It was on that
night that "the Germans threw up
the sponge and declared their willing
ness to make peace on our own
"Dellvered the Goods.
I have been asked, over and over
again, to erpress my opinion of the
American troops, Gen. Monash con
tinued, I am not going to be so
foolish as to attempt to do so here
and now. I am only going to say In
your own expressive vernacular that
at all times and in every place where
I have used them, the American
troops "delivered the goods."
Tou may well believe that this
close association In war of such large
bodies of Australians and Americans
has erected a very real and lasting
friendshbp between our two democra
cies. The foundations of that friend
ship had already been laid many
years before by the visit of the
American battle fleet to Australia.
"I can assure you that Australia
attaches much Importance to secur
ing and maintaining the friendship of
America. We look upon the United
States as our big brother In the Pa
cific, and If any one of you has re
flected on the problems of the Pa
cific, which are going to arise In the
future, he will know what I mean
by that observation.
Shells Left In Fields
Of Palestine After War
Injure Country People
Jerusalem. Palestine, Aug. 0. Many
children are Injured each day In Pal
estine by shells, and explosives which
were scattered throughout the coun
try during the open warfare between
the Turks and the allies. The battle
fields cover such a large area that
careful salvage has been Impossible,
and the result Is that children, far
mers, or peasant women are mangled
almost every day by accidental ex
plosions. A large number of the cases treated
In the American Red Cross surgical
hospital here have been bomb or ab
dominal cases, according to the phy
sician In charge. The hospital was
operated for seven months, treating
a total of 8 patients. In the various
clinics and dispensaries operated by
the Red Cross in connection with the
hospital. 24.000 men, 46,000 women
and 70,000 children were treated In
eleven months time. The hospital has
now been turned over to the city
Archbishop In Mexico
Tells People To Stick
To Picturesque Dress
Mexico City. Mex Aug. 9. Modren
styles of dress and colfure were t-e
Dr. Jose Moray del Rio. archbishop
. k t nn !... I
his parlshoners declaiming against
extremes In toilet and asking mothers
to retrain xrom appearing in exag
gerated costumes and from allowing
their children to do so. The archbishop
termed modren styles "an advance
toward paganism" and reccommended
that in church at least the women re
turn to the use of tbe veil and man
i i? in.iiiii.il. aaaje.ajsa
I Famous Beauty Wins
LADY MICHELHAM. wife of baron
Michelham. of England, who holds
the distinction of beins awarded the
much prized Hons Star. Medaille dOr,
Legion CHenaur. the Order of Mercy
and other decorations for her great
work during the war period. Lady
Michelham was the former Aimee
Geraldlne, daughter of Octavlous
Bradshaw. She Is acknowledged to be
one of England's most beautiful
Plan Great System
Of Traffic In Air
Tunis. Africa, Aug. 9. (French
T7 lreless Service.) The Tunisian
commission of aerial transport has
drawn up a vast program of colinlal
aviation and recommends that a great
aerial transport center be established
here to centralize aerial traffic over
the Mediterranean Sea. The commis
sion argues that Tunis occupies an
advantageous position at tne junction
of French and international Mediter
ranean and that a regular aerial serv
ice should be established between the
city of Tunis and the rest pf this
French protectorate. Already a line
of airplanes is In operation between
Gates and the frontier of Tripoli. This
may be extended later to xunis.
Faces Defeat In
Voters Refuse Orders From
Leader And Will Not
Vote For Leader.
Dublin. Ire, Aug. 9. Curlosly
enough, one of the great anxieties of
the Ulster leaders regarding the re
sult of the Bast Antrim election Is
that It will be represented In America
as Indicating that the boasted solidar
ity- of Ulster Unionism has been Kro-
Viewed from the most, imptartlal
angle the defeat of sir Edward Car
son's nominee must be regarded as a
serious blow. There were three can
didates, two Unionists and one Lib
eral. Mayor Moore had the approval
of sir Ewin Carson and Mr. Hanna
had not. Mr. Hanna won with a sub
stantial majority. The Liberal candi
date did not count In the contest.
Mayor uoore ma not oeiong 10 ine
constituency and Mr. Hanna did. The
local Orangemen objected to an out
sider being planted on them, and
hence the revolt The contest was
w,pil with murfi bitterness on both
sides, and in the course of It sir Ed
ward Carson tnreatenea tnai 11 uis
nominee was not returned Ulster
might look for a new leader. So far.
there Is no Indication of sir Edward's
resignation. Durine the contest an
effort was made to buy off Mr. Hanna
with the promise of a government Job.
that of a resident magistrate was
mentioned. But Mr. Hanna held firm,
as he was bound to do in view of his
On the whole the significance of the
result cannot be Ignored. It Is a di
rect hint to official Unionism and to
sir Edward Carson In particular that
the common people are not In a humor
to be Jockeyed. Local labor men and
labor Is becoming all powerful.
The question of home rule or of
Sinn Fein did not arise, for East An
trim, which extends to the very fringe
of Belfast. Is In one of the four coun
ties which are recognized as predom
inantly against home rule, and tempt
ed must be cut off from the rets of
the country unless the British govern
ment Is prepared to use coercion.
which it Is not.
The one thine; that the election
proves Is that slrEdward Carson can
not speak for Ulster, or any portion
of It. unless the voters have the op
uortunity of making their voices
heard at the same time.
Polish Mothers Bear "
Children Blind From
Hardships Of War
Wamw. -Poland. An?. 3. The ab
normal number of children born blind
In this country during the past three
years despite the fact that their pa-
"nts were healthy Is due mainly t
thA malnutrition of mothers, accord
aue mainiy cu
Ins to a report Issued today by the
American Red Cross.
The Increasing amount of blindness
among cntioTen at Dirui was inougni
at first to herald the advent of some
new war disease. But Investigation by
American experts proved that the
famished condition of the mothers
reacted on the eye sight of their in-
ALTRUISTIC IDEAS OF PRESIDENT
Covenant Would Abolish Militarism and Imperialism
While Peace Treaty Provides for Latter for at
Least Fifteen Tears to Come; the Old Animos-
I ities Remain With
T ONDOJf, Eng, Aug. 3. The league
i i-j of nations gardeners who with so
much sympathy and care planted
seeds which they thought would pro
duce a peach orchard are somewhat
surprised to note that a crop of per
simmon trees Is shoving Its roots
above ground. And while some of
these gardeners, having called tn ex
perts, are attempting to graft on
peach twigs so as to Insure a proper
crop, others are looking at funda
mental things, saying perhaps the
wrong kind of sei was planted and
the soil Is not quite the right type
for a healthy growth.
Surely, observant Americans are
freely saying, something Is wrong
with the league of nations. The aim
of this story Is to point out some of
the things which appear, from the
European standpoint, to be re-acting
seriously against the proposal for
which so many people of the world,
with their unnumbered millions of
dead, are yearning,
a slippery pit of chaos, bloodshed and
Lpoverty, look to the league of na
tions as a rope wmcn may oe usea
In dragging themselves to safety.
America is the rope's anchor post.
The peoples of Europe are sick unto
despair of International strife and
war. One would think it would be a
simple matter under such circum
stances for the peoples to form a
mutual alliance to stave off a future
scouige of world horror. The soil
appears to be excellent for a proper
fruition of such a desire.
Governments Tiot Paelfle.
But the governments of Europe
have shown no disoosltlon to fulfill
any such program, however it may fca
Justified or nopea lor oy tne masses
oz tee people in ail jjuropean coun
tries. President Wilson came to Europe
seven months ago embodying a great
mass of ideals and Ideas on Interna
tional Justice, Including the league of
nations. The peoples of France. Ens
land and Italy welcomed him as the
personification of democracy and the
heralder of a new dav for a sadly
mussed up world. President Wilson
evidently sensed this feeling of eager
enthusiasm, sometimes dumb and
mute In its appeal, from all sides. He
talked to this European democracy
and be talked behind and past exist
ing governments. He aroused a mass
determination for a league of nations
that would stop future wars. The
armistice then was young enough that
mothers and fathers, brothers, sisters,
wives and sweethearts had not for
gotten their dead. European states
men were forced tn accept a league of
nations plan. Bui it was a compro
mise. Treaty I Xulltaristle,
European imperials tm has sought
to define, with no little success, the
limits of the main provisions of peace.
As a compromise tbe league of na
tions was accepted. The covenant of
that league lays down the scheme for
a new world, while the treaty of
peace. In many sections, establishes
the old order for years. The cove
nant would abolish militarism grad
ually; the treaty retains It at full
blast In allied countries for at least
fifteen years. There are other dis
crepancies which make It certain thaf
u tbe terms are to oe eniorcea tne
covenant most remain Inanimate.
The really.jmportant thing regard
ing the IeS&ue of nations is not so
much as to whether the present cove
nant Is workable, but whether the
present governments of Europe, now
in the ascendancy, want it to work.
Are the victorious members of the
entente and the new nations that
have been set up ready to enter upon
a new day of International Justice?
Are they ready to forget their atrlfes.
animosities. Jealousies and rampant
greed which have been the guraing
and ascendant force In Europe since
the days of Caesar? .Are European
governments, which delight in keep
ing less civilized races under the
yoke, producing revenue, Iready to
forego such policies In the interest of
International amity and human ad-
Woman Labor Leader Starts Reform
In Scale Of Wages Paid To Needle
Workers In Ensdand And Scotland
Lursuurt. &ng, Aug. 5. 3USS 3iaDei
A. Talbot, the first woman to rise
to the position1 of vice president of a
national trades union tn England, an
nounces that she la rsaklng her first
battle for the worst paid of all female
laborers, those of the needlework
"Needlework has always been a
woman's occupation." Miss Talbot
says. "And yet when a woman has to
depend on It for a livelihood, her life
becomes a miserable existence.
-The -song of the sBirt, 'stitch.
stltcb. stitch, in poverty, hunger and
dlrC Is as trim today as when . the
poem was written.
-Low wages, no holidays without
loss ot pay. slack time and Dlecs-
work at sweated r.tes of pay are the
condition of the se- r trade.
"Inquiries have s jjetly been made
and the following are examples of
piece rates that are at present oper
ating in certain well known houses:
or making on women's sDorts
coats, IS cents each. These art sold in
retail shops at from 510 to 520.
"Girls' frocks, pleated, pressed: col
lars and cuffs lined. J1.50 to 11.75 a
Women's dresses, similarly made.
35 cents ear-
0 WORK FOR
TAeir run strengtn.
ivancement? Are the democracies of
die to a degree that permits them to
dictate foreign Dolley?
These are some of the questions
America should try to answer before
taking any important step that will
bind her future.
President Wilson told European
masses that the world was ready for
a new deal, and they cheered. Mere
over, he said the peace was to be one
settled, not bv governments, but by
Same Old Method.
What happened? Star chamber ses
sions, providing a settlement by the
governments, the majority of whom
were only too well schooled tn the
methods of Louis XTV. Various events
at the peace conference surely gave
America a sufficient amount of mate
rial upon which to base c Judgment as
to whether national aspirations and
greed rather than International alma
for permanent peace actuated various
governments represented at Parts.
True, a peace, many fold less severe
tlian any Germany certainly would
have Imposed, was devised. But Is a
new day to be ushered in only by
peace terms less imperialistic than
one Germany might have exacted
after Shylock'a own heart?
The one thing America certainly
must decide Is whether tbe league ot
nations scheme can be given sufficient
fire and life to make for the future
wellbelng of the world. And In mak
ing this decision the United States
should know how much present Euro
pean governments can be counted on
to give virility to the plan. Is Amer
ica to carry the whole load? Is th
United States to furnish the whole
steam for making the leagu. of na
tions engine go?
Says the Dailv Express: "No one
here believes very much In the effi-
. rr nf th. 1.9f-nft .t th. nr.,,ti f rno-
I ment If the peaca treaty could be
" f..rt ffnm th. imharra5SliM:t there
would be no heartburning for Great
Britain or Its government-"
Already Hu League.
Prominent British statesmen hav
remarked time and again that tbe em
pire already had a league of nations
the various colonies and dominions
and the attitude In Europe generally
expressed Is that a favor has been
conferred upon America and a compli
ment to Its president bv endorsing
the league of nations proposal.
If the league la to be regarded In
Europe merely as a stabilizing force
for present European nations, making
permanent things as they are today,
the league is coomed to fail, for Eu
rope today Is In a veritable whirlpool
of cba&es. But that kind of a league
Is the hope of many reactionary
forces In Europe. Thev look at the
league as a sort of Insurance com
pany to prevent Insurrectionary fires,
the overthrow of the existing order,
or the breaking up of states as at
'Does the United States wan to ba
the chief underwriter of such a
scheme? Will that idea of the league
gain ascendancy in Europe and keep
It? How many years will it take the
great masses of European population
to accept the American view of Inter
national relations, if thev ever ac
Haa Wrttnj? Idea.
To suppose that the same motives
guide European statesmen as actuatt
Americans who are looking beyond
their own frontiers for opportunities
of advancing the world. Is a totally
false premise and the sooner it is
knocked out of uninformed but well
Intentioned Americans the better the
United States will be able to deal with
the league of nations puzzle.
Socialists In Yucatan
Riot And Kill Eighteen
Mexico City. Mexico. Aug. S. Eigh
teen persons are reported to have
been killed tn Maria, Yucatan, in the
clash between government authoritiet
and Socialists. Seventy-six prisoner!
have been sent from " - ""era
Cruz by Gen. Luis M. Hernandez, chief
of military operations In Yucatan.
"Women's doth costumes. 5S cents
"According to our Investigations,
the average wage for an experienced
machinist during ltS varied from
I2.S6 to a week."
In the west end of London, in Scot
land and In some provincial towns,
says Miss Talbot, there are the be
ginnings ot organization, and this
cooperative action has made condi
tions of work and pay better in these
places. It is through an extension ot
this movement that she hopes to Im
prove the lot of those who sew end
less hours In a shop, then take piece
"A new spirit Is abroad." the woman
erTlnsW by what haa betn
labor leader declares. "Tne dty
done In the west end. are organizing
rapidly and very soon we hope to
have them as completely organized as
the workers ot the better shop dis
tricts." Then, says Miss Talbot, will come
tbe charter that as yet roads like a
glimpse of the millennium to the poor
girls and women who never had a
champion to help In the battles be
fore. The five main plans of this charter
Abolition of piecework.
A fair week's wages for a fair
Payment for holidays.
Full recognition of the union.