El Paso and west Texas, partly clondy; New Mexico,
fair, little change in temperature; Arizona, fan, fitfle
Jaange in temperatnre.
j TODAY'S PRICES
I Mexican bank notes, state bills, 630c; pesos, old,
1 84c; new, 45c; Mexican gold, 50c; nacionales, 25c;
bar silver, H. & H. quotation, $1.11; copper, 23J4
I 24c, grains, lower; livestock, lower; stocks, higher.
14 PAGES TODAY
LATEST NEWS BY ASSOCIATED PRESS.
EL PASO. TEXAS. THURSDAY EVENING. AUGUST 28. 1919.
SINGLE COPT. FIVE CENTS
DELIVERED JLVTWHEHE. 7c MONTH
EI IE fL D
Estate Valued at Nearly
$30,000,000; Gifts Ex
WIVES GIVEN SUMS
Worlds of Art Go to Mrs.
Carnegie; Lloyd George
and I aft Remembered.
NEW YORK, Aug. . The will of
Andrew Carnegie, made public to
day, estimates the value of the Iron
iter's- estate at between $25,000,000
an 1 J30.000.000.
The will leaves the real estate and
a!l the works of art and household
goods to Mrs. Carnegie. The financial
; rov?sion for Mrs. Carnegie and ber
A Statement issued by Elian I
Root Jr., aays that Mr. Carnegie's I
pnbllc sifts and charities dnrlns I
his life time exceeded $550,000,000.
The fourth article of the will ron-
i a. aeries oi legacies u cnantaDie i
:irut ons, while the fifth article
r.stitut ons. while the fifth article.'
fr ends. The Carnegie corporation of
New York Is the residuary legatee.
An annuity of J-10.W0 was be-c.-jeatred
to former president Taft
and annuities of SS006 each to Mrs.
'ro-fer Cleveland (now Mrs Thomas
i Preton and Mrs. Theodore Roosty
v ei widows of former presidents.
An annuity of $10,000 Is also be
cuea' iel to premier Lloyd George, of
Sereral Pnblic Bequests.
PjMc bequests Include Cooper
.-'c.i- New York. XC0.000; Pittsburg
- .ers'ty. 8200.000: relief fond of the
A-.Umrs dob. of New York. S2M.0M:
' impron institute. Virginia, S3M.aS;
i- evens institute. Hoboken. N. J.
t op dun s Andrews society, of New
U. S. Peace Commission
Senses Will Total
Washington. D. C Ace. 28. Presl.
dit Wilson asked congress today for
c i additional appropriation of JSIS,v8fl
To- the expenses of the American
pec o commission jn i aris irom last
July 1 to the end of this calendar
The president said that np to Jnly
1 the total of the commission has
been ll.:50.S29 and he estimated that
bv the end of the year the total would
reach $1,50f,7S. A part of this has
been appropriated heretofore.
Mnong the largest items up to July
1 werp Included $144,314 for subsist
ence, JIOS.OOO for salaries. $105,000 for
-xpenses of the commission sent Into
In transmitting a detailed account
rf the expenses, the president said
r?nT in view of the 260 percent In-
fease in prices in Paris as the result
of ttie war he considered tho expenses
of fue American commission rerj
When it began its -work in Paris,
he American delegation, tie presi
dent said, consisted of 10 persons
tut on July 1 this number had been
rednce-1 to 400, of whom only 88 were
c ilians "
Will Investigate War
Risk Insurance Bureau
Wa'blngton. D. C Aug. 28. In
vestigation by the senate finance
committee of the war risk Insurance
bureau with a Tlew to changes in
the law governing the bureau was
authorised today by the senate.
SILESIAN SITTJATION IMPROVES.
Peris. France, Aug. 28. Sileslan
m-patches show that the situation In
'hat region is much improved. From
70 to SO percent of the miners who
have been idle have returned to -work.
"The Ghosts of Thunder Moun
"Love is love," Albert Kay and
"Hawaiian Singers," Mack Ben
"Wagon Tracks," Wm. S. Hart.
"A Rogue's Romance," Barl
The Bramble Bash."
"A Silk Lined Burglar."
Soldiers, Ask Your Questions
A bout 'Insurance; Will Answer
IT IS DESIRED by the United States that ever; soldier, sailor or marine
who served during the war with Germany keep up his government insur
ance. Many men have allowed their policies to lapse; others have been oat
of touch with the department. The government wants them all in line.
The insurance men generally have given their cooperation.
The Herald has been asked by the government to answer questions for
these ex-soldiers regarding their insurance and this paper will be glad to do
so. A. L. HcEnight, 903 Mills building, has been asked by the 'government
to answer questions asked by the men in berscn and Mr. McKnight will
also answer any question sent The Herald by mail by persons unable to
see him in person.
Soldiers are accordingly invited to send in their queries to The Herald.
Anything they wish to ask about government insurance will be gladly
answered through these columns.
BROTHERHOODS TELL RAIL STRIKERS THEY WILL
SUPPORT U. 5. EFFORTS TO RUN TRAINS UNLESS
MEN GO BACK TO WORK BY SATURDAY MORNING
WASHINGTON D. C Aug. 28. Sat
urday morning has been set as
the time limit by which all striking
railroad empolyes on the Pacific coast
mast return to work or the brother
hoods will support the federal ad
ministration in its endeavor to oper
ate trains wherever they have con
tracts. This tjJtinintnm it as sent today
from the Cleveland headquarters
of the fonr brotherhood to strik
en and was communicated also to
the railroad administration, Tfhlch
Is understood to have completed
plans for mnmlns train service
If the strike Is not terminated.
It is understood that union men will
Mexican Congress Seeks To
Take Carranza's Power To
Issue "Spoliation" Decrees
Cabrera and Schiaffino Would Whip in Line Congress
and Supreme Court, Out
m Oil Controversy; retroleum Law Before the
Mexican Senate Favors Foreign Interests. '
D. C, Aug. 28.
VV Advices reaching Washington
through official channels indicate
that the recent activities of Luis Ca
brera, secretary of the treasury of
Mexico, and Scblafflno, head of the
petroleum bureau of the department
of Industry, commerce and labor, have
been for the purpose of bringing back
into line the Mexican congress and
members of the Supreme court, who.
It is Indicated, are somewhat out of
step with the Carranza regime. This
was the interpretation of events by
state department officials when they
learned that the advice to the Su
preme court by Cabrera was of an
Cabrera urged the Supreme court
not to hasten the hearing of the Am-
paro cases brought before the court
by the American oil companies. The
eases are aimed directly at the presi
dential decrees which the United
States and foreign governments re
gard as an effort of confiscation of
foreign owned properties.
It is now apparent, according
to advices from Mexico City, that
there la a definite effort In eon
Kress to withdraw from Carranza
the extraordinary powers in
finance under which lie Issued the
Mexico City newspapers .are vio
lently attacking Cabrera, according
to aavices. especially oecause oi
pnbllc statement recently made by
mm in wnicn ne accuseu ine aiexi-
can people of lack of patriotism at
this time. This statement was made
in view of the recently published
declaration that SO percent of the
Mexican people would iook upon
American intervention with Indiffer
ence and 90 percent of the educated
class wouia welcome it. une or toe
Mexico Citv newspapers says that
from the -first year children In school
are taught to "bear 111 will toward the
Admit Mexico'. Error.
'As years go by." continues the ar-
MaIa. "and we e-row older, thev talk
to us about the two sister republics
Inspired by the same Ideals, economic
and diplomatic relations. Then one
oar aionF comes some government wi-
Tidal, wno for nis own improper enas.
attempts to incite and excite the peo
ple by demanding? that we organize
manifestations against the white
house. Why? Because of the errors
committed by our government. Then
the next day. because it suits a new
turn in political affairs, we are told
to go easy, and we never know the
The complaint aoout patriotism.
which Is nonexistent in Mexico, is
only called up bv such fellows as Ca
brera. Every one in Mexico wants
an honest settlement of the petroleum
question, out caorera comes aionc
and tries to antagonize the people's
Eliminate Lbk'i Retroaction.
Mexico City. Mex Aug. 28. Ths
petroleum committee of the Mexican
senate vesterday presented a report
on legislation regulating article 27
of the constitution of 1917. which
nationalizes oil lands, and at the same
time laid before the senate a draft
of a law regulating this article and
eliminating all retroactive effects of
proposed oil legislation.
This la a eoneesalnn for which
foreign oil Interests hnve been
contending. The proposal sub
mitted by president Carrans laat
November looking to the regula
tion nf artlrle 27 nre now hefng
considered by the chamber of dep
uties without declalve action as
The Introduction to the report sets
forth the committee's belief that prop
erty rights are protected by the prin
ciples expressed In article 2T of the
outlined tn the report respect the
I rights of oil Interests legitimately ae
I quired before May 1. 1917. without the
Stamps Are A Good Investment; El
be employed In moving trains if the
strikers do not return to work.
To Take Individual Action.
Ios Angeles, CaL, Aug. 23. Striking
trainmen will be served with copies
or orders from their chiefs, directing
them to return to work, and will then
be governed by their individual decis
ions as to obeying, according to M. E.
Montgomery, vice president of the
Brotherhood of Locomotive engineers.
Montgomery made this statement af
ter an all night session of leaders of
the four brotherhoods here.
At 7:10 oclock this morning- no men
had reported, although the railroads
began calling crews early today. The
railroad officials took this course to
prevent delay in reestablishing ser
vice If the men decide to return.
Brotherhood men here said the
strikers at San Bernardino had voted
of Step With Government
sacrifice of national sovereignty or of
the rights won by the constitutional
Quiet Pending Senate
Austin, Tex., Aug. 28. There, will
bo no real developments in the Mex
ican situation until after the con
clusion of th congressional inves
tigation to be made by a committee
headed by senator A. B. Fall of New
Mexico, is the opinion of Adj. Gen.
James A. Harley. This committee
Is expected to make a full investi
gation of the conditions as they now
exist along the Mexican border.
Captain W. M, Hanson, senior offi
cer of the Texas ranger force, who
has been selected as an assistant
(Continued on page -4. eolnmn S.) I
Gen. Hawzk, Back From Overseas,
To Be Welcomed With Governor:
Hobby Welcome Plans
I. PASO will welcome two promi-
i-i nent visitors tomorrow.
Mayor Chas. Davis received a tele
gram Thursday morning from New
York that Gen. Robert Howie, the
new commander for the El Paso mili
tary district, will arrive here Friday
The hour was not given, but the
mayor believes he will be here in time
for the dinner and the reception to
Gov. and Mrs. Hobby In the evening
and Gen. Howze will be present to
share honors with the governor.
Gen. Howze Is a native Texan and
saw active duty, overseas in command
of a division of United States troops.
He commanded the El Paso district
before going to France and la coming
"back home- to take his old command
Two Banda to rlay.
Gov. Hobby and Mra Hobby -will
arrive here from Van Horn Friday
afternoon some time. They -wlll'reach
Fabens about 1 oclock In the after
noon and will be brought here by
A telegram from judge Adrian Pool
at Van Horn Thursday afternoon stat
ed 26 neonle would come dd In the
Mayor Dans today made arrange
ments for the municipal band to play
at the Del Norte for the reception by
Gov. and Mrs. Hobby to the people of
El Paso beginning at 7 oclock in the
evening, and an army band will play
at the Toltec club for the reception
to bo ,glven by Mrs. Hobby at t-.li
to the women ofEl Paso. The army
band will play later for the dance at
the Toltec, which, like the reception,
is open to all the neoDle nf T?l Pawl.
mere will be no municipal band con
cert In Cleveland square.
welcome From Whole City.
The dinner to the governor at the
Del Norte at 8 oclock in the evening,
which will be presided over by mayor
Chas. Davis, will begin promptly at
that hour and the men of El Paso gen
erally will attend. The price is 12
and tickets may be had dnrlnir todav
at Hotel Paso del Norte desk.
The welcome to Gov. and Mrs.
Hobby is not a political one. It Is
from all the people of El Paso. Gov
Hobby was invited here1 by the cham
ber of commerce and the arrange
ments for his entertainment are un
der the auspices of ths chamber of
commerce. Mayor Chas. Davis, as
chief executive of the city, was placed
In charge as chairman. Every raan-j
auu woman in isi 2'aso is expected to
loin in the welcome to the governor
and his wife.
The Social Affairs.
The reception by Gov. and Mrs.
Lincoln Memorial to Be
Completed This Year
Washington, D. C Aug. 28. The
Lincoln Memorial in Potomac park
in this city will be completed this
year, army engineer officials in
charge of the construction stated
A grove of trees will be planted
around the memorial in honor of
soldiers, sailors and marines who
lost their ltves in action in the
world war, it was . nnounced also.
Trees will be allotted in honor of
individuals and communities.
to act with the Ios Angeles men,
either returning or staying out as
was decided here,
Lee and Stone Send Orders.
These developments followed the
receipt by brotherhood officials and
members of different orders from
Warren S. Stone, of the engineers, and
W. G. Lee, of the trainmen, that they
should return to work at once.
While the officers were In session
there were two meetings of the rank
and file which engaged in heated dis
cussions of the orders from their head
officers. Many of the older tnd more
conservative men, especially those
with almost matured' pension rights,
wanted to return immediately, while
others argued that the action in walk
ing out was individual, not as organ
izations, and that Individual decisions
should govern the future course of the
Wishes the Nation to De
cide Fate of World
Counlry to Hear Both Sides
of- the Momentous
By DAVID LAWItEXCE.
WASHINGTON. D. C, Aug. 18.
President Wilson goes to the
country as a court of last resort to
appeal to the American people in the
hope that they who elected the Re
publican senate wlH influence the lit
ter to ratify the peace treaty at oace, 1
Hobby will be held In the corridor
or Hotel Paso del Norte from 7 to S
Friday evening. This Is for the pub
lic generally. Mayor Davis, sneaker
R. E. Thomason, of the Texas house
or representatives; Maj. K. F. Barges,
state senator R. M. Dudley, represen
tative Adrian Pool, W. W. Turney,
district campaign manager for Mr.
Hobby In 1S18; Brig. Gen. James B.
Erwln and Gen. Howze will be with
the Gov. and Mrs. Hobby during the
reception. Mrs. J. F. Williams, Mrs.
W. W. Turney, Mrs. W. D. Wise, Mrs.
Dudley, Mrs. Pool and Mrs. Thomason
will also be present. C N. Basic tt,
president of the chamber of commerce.
Is out of the city and vice president
W. S. Crombie will take his place In
line. Mrs. Crombie cannot be present,
For the reception to follow for Mrs.
Hobby at the Toltec club later. Mrs.
Williams and the El Paso women
named on the reception committee
will be present to Introduce Mrs.
Hobby to the women of EI Paso as
they arrive. Every woman of El Paso
is expected to call and meet Mrs.
Mrs. G. A. Martin and Mra R. M.
Dudley are preparing the decorations i
Gaudily Garbed, Shouting Cowboys and Cowgirls Are
Neucleus of Wild West Parade; Thousands Crowd Van
Horn for Old Settlers' Eeunion, But All Get Plenty
.to Eat, Lots of Amusement and Place to Sleep.
Aug. 2S. West .
TTAN HORN. Tex
V Texas did itself proud today when
It welcomed Gov. and Mra W. P. Hob
by and members of the Texas high
way commission in true western fash.
Ion. Streets for blocks around the
railroad station were packed with
people to Join in the welcome. Cow
boys and cowgirls were whooping.
Automobile horns were blowing and
the Fifth cavalry band playing as
the governor's coach pulled in the sta
tion. Direct from the train the gover
ernor and his wife got into an auto
mobile. As Mrs. Hobby stepped inside
the car she bowed again and again
smilingly and waved her hand to the
throng. When the governor got In
the car, he stood up and grinned a big
grin, his hat above his head.
A parade followed. Cowboys from
"Figure 2" ranch, dressed In yellow
shirts with a big figure "2" in the
back, followed closely by a chuck
wagon pulled by six mules and driven
by an old darky, led the procession.
The street for a block was cleared and
a hundred cowboys riding plunging
broncos followed, then the governor
saw a real wild west exhibition.
Heal Welcome" Hobby.
The band preceded the governor's
There were no trains moving early
today and no prospect that traffic
could be resumed before night, unless
the men took prompter action than
was anticipated by their officers. The
Pacific Electric company announced
that It would return to a normal day
light schedule today and the Los An
geles Street Hallway company, where
the first strike in southern California
took place announced it had a nor
mal daylight service. Both companies
announced they would continue to
suspend service at S oclock nightly
until the general situation here
Threaten Expulsion From Union.
A warning that unless the members
complied with the order of W. G. Lee,
president of the Brotherhood of Rail
way Trainmen, to return to work they
win be expelled from the union, was
received here yesterday.
Fighting Rages Throughout
Montenegro With Country
In A State Of Revolution
Serbs Use Measures to Quell Revolt; Renewal of Balkan
Trouble Seen; Montenegrins Cut Railway; May
Bring to Head Dispute Between Ex-King's Par
tisans and Supporters of Jugo-Slav State.
LOXDOX, EaK Auff. 2S. Flght
lns has broken ont every
where In Montenegro and the
whole eon n try la In s state of
revolution,, according- to news re
ceived here. The Servians nre us
ing; strong- measures In an attempt
to suppress the uprising:.
"We seem to be in for & re-
The r resident's decision came as
climax to his efforts of last month,
first, by personal persuasion in pri
vate and then by open interrogation
by the senate foreign relations com
mittee, to convince the senate that
America's pathway in the future lies
tn a partnershlo with foreira nations
on me oasis outlined at Versailles.
EI fort ProTe Fruitless.
Butilr. "Wilson's efforts have Droved
fruitless. Instead of heedincr his
warning that amendments to the
-(Con tinned on Page Coltmiix 6)
for the reception and dance. Thty
wm do in vaiiey nowers. wild and
tame. Boy Scout swill gather the wild
flowers and assist in arranging the
As soon as the banquet is concluded
to the governor at the Del Norte, the
men will adjourn to the Toltec club
tor a aance. An army band will fur
nish the music, through courtesy of
SEN0R SEVILLE TO GIVE
PAINTING TO MRS. HOBBY
Senor M Sevllla. a local painter,
will present Mrs. W. P. Hobby, wife
of the governor of Texas, with a
hand-painted sofa pillow when she
reaches El Paso Friday. Senor Sevllla
has coDled unon the pillow ton his
allegorical painting, "The Spirit of the
Allies," which he completed a year
ago. He Is now completing a new
painting. "Peace." but it is not vet
completed. The completed "Spirit of
tne Allies- and the uncompleted
Peace- will be exhibited at the Tol
tec club Fridav evening hv Sonne
Sevllla. during the recetplon and
car, then visitors and automobiles
ioiiowed ana then came "00- cowboys
and cowgirls, wearing pink, red, yel
low, black and white silk shirts. All
this to the tune of "Hall. Hail, the
uang-s au il ere." Ana tne wnoo
And the whoop of
the cowboys and cowgirls and the
blowing of horns made what the gov.
ernor called a "real welcome which
shows the spirit of Texas."
Besides the governor and Mra
Hobby In the party were CoL Lynn
Hunter, of Austin, a member of the
governor's staff: R. M. Hubbard, of
New Boston, chairman of the highway
commission; Curtis Hancock, of Dal
las, former chairman of the high
way commission; C S. Fowler, of San
Antonio, member of the highway com
mission: R. J. Windrow, a member of
the highway commission; George Ful
ler, federal highway engineer, and
Rev. C S. Wright, of Austin.
T have found nothing but Demo
crats in Texas," said the governor.
"The new "party, whatever they might
call It, I do not think will amount to
much. We are all Democrats lust the
same. Texas is not going to go back
ward. To follow the Joe Bailey-Jim
Ferguson faction would be to do so."
When asked about the next guber
natorial race, the governor said he
had little to say about it at present.
"I will not mention my candidacy on
this trip." he said. "I have not made
(Continued on page 3 column 3.) ,
Warren S. Stone, head of the loco
motive engineers, sent a message
which declared "unless action on re
turning to work was taken immedi
ately the lines would be operated by
Strike Ends at Oakland.
San Francisco, CaL, Aug. 27. A
strike of yard and switchmen of the
three big transcontinental lines had
ended at Oakland, CaL. and trains
were leaving on normal schedules
there, but the strike continued here,
although most of the trains were be
ing dispatched out. officials of the
United States railroad administration
announced here today.
Trains here were being made up by
officials and office help, it was an
nounced. Trains were coming in
from San Jose, where strike -conditions
were said to prevail, but the
(Continued on page 3. eolnmn X.)
erodeaeence of the Balkan
trouble. vraa a statement made
to the Aaaociated Preas today
from an authoritative source.
The Montenegrins have cut the
railway between Ylrpazar and Antl
vart on the coast.
The Servians are receiving rein
forcements, but are not meeting with
success in their efforts to pat down
tae revolutionary movement, accord
ing to advices.
The uprising in Montenegro seems
likely to bring to a head the long
smouldering differences between the
Montenegrin supporters of former king
Nicholas and the faction adhering to
tne ptan zor toe incorporation or
Montenegro in the Jneo-Slav ntate.
King Nicholas has never recognized
the validity of the act of the Monte
negrin assembly last winter In depos
ing him. Servia Is Insistent upon the
aunesion or Montenegro to jago-
The contention of the Nationalist
party in Monenegro, however, is that
tne Montenegrin assembly has beea
picked" with pro-Servians, making
the action of that body In voting last
April for adhesion to the Jogo-Slav
not truly representative of Montene
Wholesale Seizure of
Properly in Hungary
Paris. France. Aug. 28. The Ru
manians craMnne their wholesale
seizure of private and government
property in Hungary, aecordinc- tn
aavices reacning ran. Reliable re
ports from Budapest say that they
have taken 0 percent of the Hun
garian locomotives In good repair. 9S
percent of the passenger equipment
uro railways ana Bv,VvU xretgnt
Bolshevik Premier Lenine
Sends Envoys to Conclude
Peace With the Rumanians
Copenhagen, Denmark. Aug. 28.
Nikolai Lenine, the-Xussian Bolshevik
premier, has sent a deiee-atinn tn
ivianinev to negotiate peace with
Rumania, according to a report re-
irom Duuapesi i cm ay.
FORMER HUNGARIAN PREMIER
WANTED TO KEEP LEADERSHIP
Vienna. Australia. Aucr. f8 nv the
Associated Press.) Advices from
Budapest State that a new Hnnririin
government has not been formed, for
mer premier rTiearicn claiming that
it Is the desire of the majority of the
people that he retain leadership. He
says, according to a report, that he la
strongly favored oy the Socialist and
FRIEDRICH HAS DUAL ROLE
IN CABINET OF HUNGARY
Paris. France, Aug-- 28. Stephen
r reaericK. Hungarian premier under
archduke Joseph's regime, has form!
a new cabinet for Huntrarv in which,
besides the premiership, he assumes
the post of minister of the Interior,
according- to a Havas dispatch from
50,000 RUBLES TAKEN FROM
LETTS LIBAU HEADQUARTERS
Paris. France, Aug. 28. Dispatches
reaching the peace conference indi
cate that forces under Gen. von der
Goltz. at Mltau, have attacked Lettish
headquarters In that city and taken
Restores . to Homestead
Entry Acreage Excluded
From Caribou Forest
Washington. D. C Aug. 23. Presi
dent Wilson today signed a proclama
tion excluding certain arena from the
Caribou national forest in southeast
ern Idaho and western Wyoming, and
restoring the public lands therein to
homestead entry after 9 a. m.. October
12. and to settlement or other forma
of disposition after October 29. 1919
The restored lands aggregate Ht4
acres. In scattered tracts In Bonne
ville and Caribou counties, Idaho, and
Lincoln county. Wyoming.
O -The proved circulation of
The Gl Paao Herald Is nearly 4a
O twice that of any other El Paso
O-OO -"-.. -o-oo
Paso Mast Buy Its Quota
0E GRAVE 1
BLACKS SEEK RACIAL EQUALITY
Member of Equal Eights League Asserts "Oppression"
of Negroes in TJ. S. Eeaches Point where None Can
Be Certain "Land Will Be One of Peace;" Blacks
"Won't Endure Suffering of Past," Ultimatum.
WASHINGTON. D. C Aug. 18. Ask
ing for an amendment to the
peace treaty so as to provide for ra
cial equality, a delegation of negroes,
speaking for the National Equal
Rights League, told the senate for
eign relations committee today that
serious trouble might be expected un
less better treatment were accorded
negroes In the United States:
The black man has given notice,
said A. Whaley, a New York negro,
that what he has suffered In the past
will not be endured in the future. He
means business now. There can be no
William Monroe Trotter, of Bos
ton, secretary of the league, voic
ing a similar opinion, aald the
oppreaalona of the negro In
America was reaching a point
vrhere no one could be sure "that
anr land will be a land of peace.
Neither witness was questioned as
to what he had in mind by these
declarations. Only five of the 17 com
mittee members, all of them Repub
licans, attended the meeting.
An amendment to give the United
States a mandatory over the Kama
run, a German colony in Africa, was
requested by Joseph T. Thomas, a ne
gro of Cleveland. O.. representing the
national race congress. American ne
groes, he said, could be recruited to
police the territory, under white of
ficers. A petition that all the Atncan coi-
between SSTPt. AbviWia and
Proposed Thracian Settlement Is
Another Evil Compromise; Sure To
Foment New Rivalries In Balkans
WASHINGTON. D. C Aug. 2Sr
The announcement from
Paris that the Thracian dispute
Is approaching settlement and
the terms which are also fore
shadowed Indicate that we are to
have one more of those evil com
promises, of vrhleh there have
been so many in the past months.
As usual, this is the lesult of
an effort to satisfy a tMrtlon of
the claims of two contestants, for
both of whom the acquisition of
a part will prove nut nn Incen
tive for further effort to get alL
The territory involved in the pres
ent dispute is practically all that was
left of European Turkey after the
Balkan wars, save that area reterved
for an internationalized Constantin
ople, provided such a state shall pres
ently be created. Roughly speaking.
it may be described as the snores
of the Black and AegMAi interposing
oetween linigana ana tne two seas.
t Historically this territory was
ureek in tne classical times. nat is
to say It was a field of Hellenic col
onization and culture. It ia long
held by the Byzantine empire and
only fell to the Turk in he lour-
teentn century. Tnereatter tt pre
served its Greek character, it was
partially colonized by Turks, but
Adrianople and the surrounding
country still have a larger Greek
than Bnlgar population.
linigana .lot satlaued.
In the first Balkan war It was
overrun by Bulgarian armies which
fought their victorious battle of Lule
Burgas between Adrianople and the
Chatalla lines immediately covering
(Constantinople. In the first treaty,
which was made at London, and de-1
signed to settle the Balkan dispute!,
Bulgaria acquired Adrianople und all
of Thrace down to the famotu Knos
Mifla line, extending from the Aeg
ean to the Black seas, at these two
ports. In addition Bulgaria acquired
all of western Thrace, including
Kavala. as far as t,e Struma river:
Greece acauiesced in this settlement
despite the fact that most of the pop
ulation, so tar aa it was not Turk,
But Bulgaria was not satlst-ed snd
In June. till, she attacked both her
Greek and Serb allies treacherously
with the purpose of taking Sal-
onica ana axaceaonra. tnac is. tne
portion of Macedonia assigned to
Servia. She was unsuccessful In this
wholly Prussian procetdlng and as
a result was forced by the treaty of
Bucharest to give up Kavala to the
Women's Club Charges
Storage on Wines
New York. Aug. 28. Even in
women's dubs lockers might bear
Inspection these daya.
In the Women's City club here
the following notice attracts more
than passing attention: "Charge
for storing wine for members In
cellar. Si cents for six bottles
Members may not store more than
six bottles at one time."
When some members objected to
tne restriction clause the stewara
pointed out that the cellar was not
large enough to accommodate more
j than six bottles per member.
IHT TO PEACE TREATY
Geojgia Mob Lynches
Negro, Burns Churches
After Uprising Rumor
Tflnatman. Ga Aug. 2S. Eli
Cooper, a negro, was shot to deatn
in a church at Oemulgee. Gsl. near
here, today by a mob. The church
then was burned. Other negro
churches and a lodge in the viclniu
were burned yesterday after re
ports had been circulated that the.
negroes were planning to "rise up
and wipe out the white people-
Liberia" was filed by the league of
darker peoples of the world.
Two amendments were pro
posed by the equal Rights league.
One would provide In the league
of nations covenant that the mem
bers vfould agree and voncbaafe
to their own citizen the "pos
session of full liberty, rights of
democracy, and protection of life,
without reatrletlon or distinction
based on race, color, creed or pre
vious conditions. Th. other
-would add a similar guarantee as
a separate section of the treaty.
Chairman Xodge put into the com
mittee record a statement by Dr W.
E. Macklin, formerly of Nanking uni
versity, declaring that through its
foothold in Shantung and by reason
of extra territorial privileges, the Jap
anese government was reestablish in
throughout China the opium and mcr
phlne trade -BBich Chinese statesmen
had wiped oert after years of effort.
Greeks, while the Turks retook Ad
rianople. Plan Wont Avert Balkan War.
Now it is essential to recall this
circumstance because the argument
raised, mainly by American repre
sentatives, that the Bulgars must
have part of Thrace, is based on the
assumption unless thia is assigned
to them there will be another
Balkan war. Yet when Bulgaria
had. wtth the consent of the Serbs
and the T3 reeks and the farced as
sent of the Turks, not. merely -he
territory now in question, but much
more, when she had the raro Aegean
ports of Dedeagatrh and Kavala. only
the former of which is now under
debate, she nevertheless precipitated
a Balkan war.
Further than this, when at Bucha
rest, despite her unprovoked attack
noon Greece, she was still permitted
to retain Dedeagatch. she again at
tacked Servia and Invaded Greece,
this time favored by the treachery
of certain Greek garrisons. AS'ia
she was defeated, but net until she
had once more been guilty of innu
merable atrocities which were aimed
at exterminating the Greek pecula
tion in Thrace.
It win be seen, therefore, that
there is absolutely no foundation
to the nrgument that to give
Bulgaria Dedeagatrh and a atrip
of territory permitting direct nc
cess to the Aegean will preclude
n nether Balkan vrar.
When she had Dedeagatch anl
Kavala into the bargain she attacked
her neighbors; when she was still
permitted to hold Dedeagatch. she
made a second attack. What Bul
garia seeks is all of Macedonia and
Salonlca: it was, to acquire these
that ahe has fought three wars, with
Turkey In 191Z. with Greece and Ser
bia in MIX, and finally as a Ger
man ally In tho recent world war.
It is now nroposed to give Greece
much of the contested territory, but
to cut Greek territory in half by a
neutral strip descending the west
bank of the Maritza to Dedeagatch.
(Continued on page X eolnmn 1.)
Jealousy Landed Gold
Tooth for Shah of Persia
Beauties; 3 for Himself
Toledo. Ohio, Aug. 28. Trials of
a tootapuller in a harem were de
scribed here by Dr. A. S. Hunger
ford of Teheran, Persia, who visited
Toledo on his way back to the
Fourteen years aa the royal den
tist for his majesty, the shah of
Persia, who has a nifty harem tn
his palace, has convinced the den
tist that life with a surplus o!
beautiful spouses does not have all
the traditional Joys.
One of the doctor's first duties tn
the shah's palace was to pull a
tooth for a member of the harem
When the dentist finished her
beauty had been enhanced bv a
brilliantly flashing fold bicuspid.
Such Jealousy did this addition to
the beauty strike In the hearts of
the hartm that forthwith they all
went salaaming and sobbing to the
shah, charging his 'majesty with
partiality. His majesty got out of
the difficulty by ordering a gold
tooth for each of them, but to even
matters up ordered three United
States molars for himself.
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