Newspaper Page Text
, TODAY'S PRICES.
Pesos, SOftc; Mexican gold, $50; nadonales, $2425;
tar silver, domestic 99 He, foreign He; copper, 1313c;
gram, lover; livestock, higher; stocks, lower.
LATEST NEWS BY ASSOCIATED PRESS
OF THEIR LIVES
From An Exporting Nation United States Has Dropped to a Con
suming Nation Public Pays Dearly for Meat; Cattlemen Get
Prices That Are So Low They Are Being Driven Out
Gov t Aid Sought Relief Plans to Be Worked Out
Bv a A MARTIN.
QUESTIONS vital In At cattle ufolry f &e Unfed Stales, to &e people
of dm Unfed States, to 1 Paso ami fee Setawet ia par&Hlar. are
to be dttCBued here tbs week.
Cattle raisers awl livestock men
fuo Wednesday mornings
:-i attendance uoon the American Na
tional Livestock association, the big
pest end most Important gathering; of
stockmen in the world, because it ia a
rreetmpr of tremendous purport to a
Tin Is a crucial time In the history
of cattle raising- and the meeting ia
or more importance than usual gath
erings of this kind.
What can be done to put the indus
try "on its feet" again and give the
t ttleman some of the profit he
claims is going to somebody not en-
d to it, is the main question at
The cattleman knows that beef is
filing high, and he knows also, that
lif s not getting the money. The
r acker claims that he is not getting
' and there are many, many cattle
i n wiio win agree even to the pos
.o lity of the truth of this statement,
mvorceaaetrt of SteeL: Yard.
B.vorcement of the packing inter-f--
from the. stockyards, the cattle
men want; tsfey are certain of that !
Tiey are divided over many of the!
nhf-r things that are said about and
ag-ainst the packers.
cattlemen are certain that with the
packers in control of the stockyards.
"ey CAN" be manipulated; whether
. - c v are, or have been, remains to be
?-n anar tney are divorced, what
t -e cattlemen want are independent
stockyards where they can be sure
tne. bidding is genuine; where a mar
ket cannot be made by the men who
control thm t a tm moat of
the animals they buy there. They be
1'eve it would be best If the cattle--
en owned the stockyards them
selves, but at any rate they do not
want the packers to control the yards
ana u is not nara to see tne appar
ent justness of this.
Packers Private Cars.
Many cattlemen do not favor mak-
rc the packers give up their cold
'rage cars. They do not see how
i .s can benefit the meat industry,
especially since the interstate com
r t-co commission regulates the rates
arvhow. Many e;eo incline to the
5 hef that the packers ought to own
' .r own cars If they like, believing
: ey can. possibly, get better service
fnr leas money from their own cars.
Many believe they were mistaken,
when they aided the wholesale gro-
- f-ra to help separate the packers
fmm their grocery business, since
tii.s business in a way helped to re
: je the overhead charge of the pack
ers. Divorcement of the packers from
tne handling of other products than
t: ose legitimately belonging to the
packing business threw all the "over
i cad" of the packers onto the packing
There are many things about which
there 15 a question many over which
cattlemen themselves disagree
?nd these questions are all to be
threshed out here and, because" of
their importance on federal legisla
tion, the convention is 'of the utmost
importance to the producers of meat
everywhere, also to the consumer.
Want a Tariff.
There is one thing the cattlemen
unite upon and that is that they want
a protective tariff.
9osae of them may et say they
are RepablteaM. bey smy say
they are "prelection" Denteerats,
bat they are all toekJcg tm a Re.
publican eougres to give reUef to
the rattle industry.
Nearly every man has a different
grievance. They may all agree upon
many points, but you get complaints
from different angles if you listen
long to the conversation of any
g-'-oup of the men gathered here for
the big convention.
Men who have all their lives
been Democrats and boasted of
-totiag the Pe eratie ticket, to
day assert that the Wilson rale
of the past eight years has dene
more harm to the cattle Industry
than anything that ever hap
pened. The war is, of coarse, blamed for
- of tb cattleman's trouble, but
t is not so much the war as the ad-
nun.stratior or maladministration of
- measures which the cattleman
l lamps for much of his trouble.
To Abme Adssialstrarlea.
Some mean things are going to be
said at this convention about the
tariff or more properly the lack of
it ard some men who would have
ougnt it a sacrilege a few years ago
lo abuse the head of the party in the
v hite house, will have some unkind
things to say of Wood row Wilson and
ie things his administration has
one to and not done for the cattle
Some blame Herbert Hoover's war
-emulations for the slump In the cat-
e business. These will tell you that
Hoover's "meatless days" were never
ccssary if be had not been so arbl-'-ary
in his ruling that only cattle
'reusing 500 pounds in weight could
e slaughtered. They will tell yon
,v-at the "baby beef" thus left and
-e cattle that would make perfectly
bistable meat, yet could not dress
') pounds, would have furnished the
can try all the meat it needed and
rould not have depleted the range
-a If as much as the "regulations"
i d. which were so stringent that they
.Continued est Page 8, Column J)
Sociability Run For El Paso
Cyclists Sunday Afternoon
EL PASO cvdSsta, both young and old, are invited to participate in a bicycle
sociability ran from Pioneer plaza to Washington park Sunday afternoon
starting at 3 odock from is front of The Herald building. Fred St. Onge,
national bicycle trick riding champion, has been secured by The Herald to
head the run on his 35 year old bicycle and at the park will keep the riders
interested by an exhibition of trick and fancy riding.
Besides the purpose of promoting interest in the healthful outdoor exer
cise of bicycle riding the ride is planned by Mr. Onge to illustrate the sui
ter of riding carefully and he will give a talk at the park upon the subject
of taking care nf the bicycle and how to avoid accidents by correct handling
of the wheel. Mr. St. Onge is well known to vaudeville patrons of the coun
try, having been on the stajre with a bicycle exhibition for 30 years. He is
tV lunmest trick r.lT in h.' r , 'jeMdes being the best.
There Is No
BY X All $1
frea aH puis of &e UaHed Slates
Boy Of 5 Kills Self
When Punished For
Having Wet Feet
TXETROrr. Mich.. Jan. 1 1. Joseph
J Grichvicb, S years old. ended
his life last night by shooting
himself In the head, according to a
statement to police by the lad's
rather, Daniel GrlchTleh.
The -boy had been punished for
coming home with wet feet and
sent into the kitchen to dry them,
Const antine Hopes For Settle
ment of Differences
Athens. Greece. Jan. 12. CBt the
Associated Press. Greece.) King Con
stant ine declared today he did not be
lieve the British wished a revision of
tne Sevres treaty with Turkey, but
admitted he had received no direct in
timations to this effect. He said he
did not expect an attack upon Greek
forces around Smyrna, by the Turkish
Nationalists and Russian BokmevikL
"Finanee is the moat difficult prob
lem before Greece.' he continued.
There is no reason to suppose the
allies will attempt to squeeze Greece
under the unfair arrangement made
when Greece was very poor, and the
matter mar be arrmjured to the6 mu
tual advantage of the nations. There
seems to be little nope that Ameri
cana win aid financially."
win Set lea Operation.
"The activities of the Greek arssr
depends upon tne aJUea." said Con
stantino In discussing the sltnatluu hi
Asia Minor. I may go to Smyrna.
soon to inspect the troops, but not
to lead operations. If the Bolshevik!
made a serins: camuairn. it will be
against Poland or Rumania. They
cannot fia-ht everv where."
-i snow out iittie anew tne -urae
entente. Rumania. Juro-Shvria and-
(jzeciaO-siovaJtia, saia tne King, -out
lr that entente was really planned
to prevent wars in the Balkans, I am
In favor of it. The world has had
enough of war for the present."
"Are you tired of Interviews?" he
"Well, I have had my share in the
last few months," he replied, "but I
am always glad to talk with Ameri
can correspondents as they have
proved their trutworthiness.
Insist en Food Kxports.
Export of food and meats from
Smyrna to Constantinople was in
sisted upon In a note handed premier
Raallia today by Robert de Billy.
French minister to Greece. This note
Is considered to be a joint communi
cation from the allied governments,
which have several times protested
against the embargo on exports from
Constantinople. Turkey, Jan. IS.
(By the Associated Press.) French
destroyers have sunk a transport fly
ing the red flag, and carrying soviet
troops, presumably to Trebisond. it Is
said in a dispatch received here.
The encounter took place 19 miles
west of Novorossisk, the Irench war
Ships attacking the transport despite
the fact that it was escorted by a
The sinking vessel was run aground
and a part of the troops and crew
escaped by swimming.
roe Tenca suxierea no casualties.
French Cabinet Resigns
After Defeat By Deputies
Paris, Prance, Jan. 12. The cabinet
of premier Leygues resigned today
following its defeat on a vote in the
chamber of deputies.
The vote waa on the Question of
postponing all Interpellations until
after the conference of the allied pre
miers, set for January 19. the pre
mier making his demand for such
postponement a question of confi
dence. The government's proposition was
defeated by a vote of 463 to 125.
Substitute For Good American Beef,
A MONTH IN TEX.. N. M..
HEX.; ELSEWHERE. $1.50.
IN 1927 WILL
Relative Strength of World
Navies Laid Before
WILL LEAD IN
BuildingPro gram Will Also
Give American Navy
Superiority In. Guns.
WASHINGTON. T. C. Jan. IS.
Secretary Daniels today laid be
fore the house naval affairs com
mittee what he described as approxi
mately complete data on the relative
seapower of the three principal naval
powers, requested by the committee
in connection with the consideration
of the question of international dis
armament. In appealing before the
committee yesterday, the naval secre
tary expressed the opinion that no
time would be more propitious than
the present for a movement toward
limitation of naval armament.
Tables submitted by the secretary
show that while the present effective
fighting strength of ihe British navy
Includes S38 ships of 1.5SS.442 tons as
compared with 330 ships of 778.193
tons for the American navy, comple
tion of the author zed building pro
gram of this count! y In 1935 will aire
it a tonnage superiority in the ratio
oi l-ab to one, with approximately an
equal number of ships.
Superiority Red need.
"While the present strength of the
American navy was shown to be more
than double that of Japan, should the
later country complete Its projected
program for 1927 in addition to con
struction already authorised and this
country terminate construction with
Its present program. Its naval super
iority over Japan In that year, it was
shown, would be reduced to a ralto
of 1.4 to 1.
In major ships and gun power the
American navy at the completion of
Its present program will have an
actual superiority over the British
fleet, secretary Daniels said In dis
cussing the figures, but it win be
"considerably weaker, he added. "In
point of light cruisers and other ships
needed to protect the main fleet and
to carry out blockading and other
Inferior In Submarines.
"We will be sliarhtlv inferior in
rabnsaxines and will hast no modern
aircraft carriers amitaote fsr oporat
ing wita tne nose,"
The data submitted or the secretary
showed that with too completion of
all i resent aothoflsea ouudlng. the
enecuve oarxwsnip strength ox tne
British navy will be M ships, aggre
gating S35.S50 tons; American navy
z( emu. aaaiBKBUiur sef.eaw cons:
Japanese navy t snipe, ZM.17, tons.
The battle cruiser figures win be:
Great Britain, i, aggregating 175.460
ions; uniiea owes. , Z5i,wve tons
and Japan 8, 270.066 tons.
If Japan's projected program for
19ZT 1. antKnrtTMl Unuinar it will
rslse her battleship strength n that
year, according to the figures, to 13
ships, sggregaltng 411,720 tons and
increase her prospective suoeriorltT
over the American navy In battle
cruisers, giving her 12 ships of that
class, aggregating 410.000 tons. This
program already has been approved
by the Japanese government, secre
tary Daniels told the committee bnt
there has yet been no appropriations
Secretary Daniels declared one of
tne most serious snort comings of the
American navy at the present time
was Its total lack of aneedv aircraft
Washington. D- C Jan. 12. Should
the United States call upon the na
tions of the world 'or ""a full, free
and fair discussion of reduction of
armaments, the favorable response
would be prompt and lrevi table," tn
house naval committee was told to
day by Gen. Tasker H. Bliss, former
American representative on the su
preme war council at Paris.
"The nation that would come to
such a conference and refuse to agree
to any proposition looking to dis
armament or at least a reduction of
Its military establishment'" said Gen.
Bliss, "could be written down as the
next Germany and the United States
could make Its plans accordingly.
"Our present form ok civilization
cannot stand the great strain of mili
tary preparation much longer. The
world war was a territio strain on
civilisation. The next war will be
very much worse."
Gen. Bliss said he had discussed dis
armament "In a general way and In
cident to other matters' with marshal
Foch and high British military lead
ers. T)id you ever talk It over with any
of Japan's or Italy's officials? asked
"I believe I did with Italian rep
resentatives was the reply. "Of
course the subject on'y came up at
that time incidentally.
If it were left to me I would not
disarm an American soldier nor lav
up an American ship until all the
great powers had reached an agree
ment. declared the general.
"If such a .conference were to be
held and if the secretary were to
make public every Jay an abstract of
the proposition put forward and the
arguments for and against, with the
names of the national representative
who made them, the con. mo n people
of the world would not allow the con
ference to dissolve until at least he
first step forward had been taken.
I ao not care wnat tne cabinets of
the world think, the masses of the
people, who pay the taxes, have the
vital Interest in this subject."
EL PASO, TEXAS. WEDNESDAY EVENING. JANUARY 12.
MAN HUNTERS TRAIL
BANDIT KILLERS OF
2 IN ARIZONA RAID
HHOENIX. Aria Jan. IS. Sheriffs
X forces, constables and police of
surrounding towns early today
were continuing search for two Mexi
cans who robbed' a store at Tempe.
killed Ernest Htntze, 11 years old. and
llilton Spangler and seriously wound
ed H. C Baber. one of the propri
etors of the store. Tempe Is nine
miles southeast of Ehoenlx.
Baber made a statement in a hos
pital here to a deputy sheriff In which
he told how the two bandits had come
to the Baber-Jones store at 4:30 p.
m. when only Baber ras In the store.
Re said one of the bandits remained
on guard in front of 'he store while
the other forced him to open a money
drawer, from which the bandit
scooped about $150 into his pockets.
moer saia tne oanait tnen snot mm
twice without provocation, ojtce
through the left shoulder and once
through the body. Baber fell to the
floor In the office of the store and the
bandits dashed out.
At the front door they began fir
ing into the street. One of the first
bullets struck Ernest Hintse. who was
passing the store. He died almost in
Spangler, a night watchman, re
turned the fire and a lively fusllade
followed. Spangler shooting four or
five times before he fell with a bul
let in his stomach.
A crowd had begun to gather at
MURCHISON ASSERTS HELMUS
TO FIRST NATIONAL OFFICIALS
T7RANK M. MUKCHISON. vies prest
X1 dent of the First National hank.
testified In United States court
Wednesday morning that Carlos Hel
mus. former assistant cashier of the
First XafJsnal bank, had admitted
having misappropriated money in
large sums from the bank. He testi
fied that the admission came at the
end of a Ioig aeries ST an silinilmi
at which Juan CreeL pHle of Hel
mus. and James G. sMHsy. president
of the First National 'ank. were
g resent, besides hlinsilf and Helm us.
testified that HeQrras made out
a list of bis alleged transactions.
When Judge Dan If. Jackson took
Mr. Murchison for the cross-examination
for the defence, a dramatic scene
followed. Judge Jackson attempted
to snow tne jury tnnt tne many of
ficials of the bank, closetina- them
selves with the youthful Helmus. had
pitted their combined wits against
those of the lone boy in a battle for
nours, wnereupon the youthful
slatant cashier broke under the
strain and made admission which
he later repudiated. The line of
questioning was tense and dra-
Judge Jackson brourht from Ifr.
Murchison the admission that Hel
mus nad said, under questioning from
bank officers, that the shortages in
money were known by "the Moves'
at the Union bank, long before Its
onaonosxion wttn tne Texas and
then the First NalonaJ.
On redirect examination, however.
Mr. Murchison said Helm as made
this statement prior to his final con
fession of guilt.
The courtroom was packed
Wednesday by spectators, in contrast
to the small "gallery" of spectators
the first two days of the trial.
Helmus is pleading not guilty to an
Indictment of 52 counts charging him
with embezzlement, misapplication,
and misappropriations and making
false entries in connection with al
leged defalcation of more than 175,
00 of fnnds of the First National
bank of El Paso while he was em
ployed as assistant cashier at that In
stitution during January, February
and March. 1920.
Testimony Wednesday morning fol
lowed the same general lines of attack
laid out by government prosecutors
on the first day of the trial. Instru
ments by which the alleged viola
tions were made were introduced,
with continued effort to establish that
such instruments were prepared by
Helmus without consent or authorisa
tion of those alleged to have been
Calderon Star Witness.
Examination of Rafael Calderon, Jr..
head of a private banking institution
of Chihuahua City, and one of the star
ITOY eminent Witnesses. wnt rnntlnnMl
Tuesday afternoon. His examination
consisted primarily of denials to sign
ing, or to having authorized the sign- ;
ing of 14 instruments memorandums
of cashiers checks principally and
upon which more than 30 of the 52
counts in the indictment against
Helmus are based.
The Kovernment also introduced .
witnesses who were questioned with
regard to a deficit slip which Involved ,
the alleged embezzlement on Helmuss i
ON MARCH 3
Washington. D. C. Jan. 12.
Changes In the clans for the lnantrn-
ration of president-elect Harding wilH
not incenere witn tne intention or
president Wilson to accompany Mr.
nara ing to tne capitoi wnere tne lat
ter will take the oath of office, it
was learned today. Mr. Wilson thus
on Ifarch 4 will make his first appear
ance at tne capitoi in more tnan a
year and a half and also his last ap
pearance as president of the United
After Mr. Harding takes the oath of
office he and Mrs. Hardin ir. in ac
cordance with custom, are expected to
entertain Mr. and Mrs. Wilson at
President Wilson plans to leave the
white house for the home here which
he recently purchased March 3, the
day preceding his retirement from
The ancient dispute as to whether
Jefferson rode horseback to take his
oath of office or walked to the
capitoi is revived bv the plans for
simplicity in the coining ceremony.
One writer who gives his authority
as "an English traveler." says Jeffer
son rode horseback and tied his horse
near the site of the congressional
library. Another writer, however.
announcing the horseback story S3 a
myth, declared Jefferson intended to
ride to the capitoi in state with a
coach and four, but his coachman.
Jacky Kpps. failed to get the horses
nn tirtiA and Jefferson walked from
his lodgings, lOu yards from the I
Texan Inherits 400
- Barrels Of Whisky;
Seeks Mexican Pass
WICHITA FALLS, Tex Jan. 12.
DlspoMl of a fort jne In
whlaky which was Inherited
by K- W. Fowler Is awaiting a
ruling from federal prohibition of
ficial. Fowler, npon his return from
LeaTenwortb. Kan, where his In
heritance has been in storage for
the last eight years, said he had
applied to the government offletVn
for permission to ship the liqnor
to Mexico. '
There are 49 barrels of the
"fortune" In storage.
the sound of firing in the store, but
scattered when bullets began to rain
In the street aBd the bandits made
their nctp. under cott of darkness
Search was commenced at once an1
a posse from the sheriffs office ras
soon searching tb. toads In motor
cars. All towns is central Arizona
were notified to watch for the ban
dits. A detailed description of the
Mexicans, given by Baher. had bee-i
telephoned to the
part of $12, Set gold, and upon which.
six counts ox tne inoicaneni are
Many Witnesses Heard.
Thomas Darling, superintendent of
tne El Paso ornces or the western
Union: E. w. Kayser. vice president
of the First National bank; J. L.
Coggeshall. chief clerk at the same
insTituTion, ana ttsiaer on as u, priv
ate secretary to Helmus at the time
the. alleged offenses were .committed,
were examined Tuesday afternoon.
Coggeshall and Urias were ques
tioned particularly with regard to a
sum of Sl-trS In gold, upon whose
alleged misappropriation by the de
fendant part of the indictments are
Introduction by the-government of
letters, telegrams and otner docu
mentary evidence was greeted almost
without exception by vigorous objec
tions from Dan M. Jackson, question
ing for the defence. Robert T. Neill,
special pi peels sr. sad B. B. Elf era.
assistant district attorney, alter
nated during use afternoon in ques
CaWeron. Oroaa Bramlaed.
The afternoon session began with
CsJderon's cross suramins tjpn.
He said hs had known Helmus tor
several years, and had done business
successively with the Union Bank &
Trust company, then with the Texas
Bank ft Trust company which ab
sorbed the Union company, and then
with the First National bank after
It had taken over the Texas Bank
& Trust company. After his own
banking business was established, he
said, the El Paso institutions acted as
local correspondent for them, as he
acted ss correspondent for them In
Chihuahua City. Helmus. he said, had
been affiliated with each of the three
Institutions, continuing with the ab
sorbing concerns after each consoli
dation. Calderon asserted that he fre
quently had trouble from incorrect
bank statements. Much correspond
ence, usually carried on through
Helmus. he said, had resulted.
Letters Brought to Court.
Judge Jackson asked that copies of
such letters now in possession of the
First National bank be brought into
court, and a writ for them was Issued
after Judge W. R. Smith had required
tne derence to aescnoe snecincauy
the character of correspondence de-
On cross examination, Calderon said
Helmus now has an account In Cal-
deron's bank. The money, about
9700, Calderon said. Is to meet .a small
aeot owed oy neimus to mm.
Judge Jackson questioned the wit
ness as to how he, a citizen of a
foreign country, had been reached by
subpena to the trial. Calderon re
plied that he was served while in El
Paso, and later admitted that officials
of the First National bank had urged
mm to oe present to testuy at tne
trial of Helmus. He was asked if the
bank's request was accompanied by
any threat. A prompt and flat denial
was the answer.
Did yon lose anythlnST ss a result
of the alleged manipulations of Hel-
( Continued on Page 2. Column 1)
U. S. ARMY IN
TO 8000 MEN
Washington. D. C, Jan. 12. Reduc
tion of the American forces of occu
pation tn Germany from 15,000 to 8000
has been ordered by the wsr depart
ment. Secretary Baker wrote today to
representative Byrnes, Democrat,
South Carolina, that the reduction al
ready was under way. He added that
the ultimate withdrawal of the en
tire force was a matter "for future
The cost of operating the force of
15,000 was approximately 975.000 a
day. Mr. Baker said, but under the
terms or the armistice Germany must
pay the maintenance.
Boy, 6, Samples His
Is Now In Hospital
CHICAGO, IXL. Jan. 12. Daniel
Mclrney. jr.. 6 years old. is In
a serious condition at a hos
pital today because he sampled
same of the moonshine whiskv his
father had bottled and stored in
the basement. The police will turn
Daniel Mclrney. sr.. over to federal
authorities today to answer charges
of violating the Volstead act.
And The Industry Is Not Begging
CARRIER DELIVERY. (1 A MONTH.
8INQL.E COPIES, ( GENTS.
JAPS BE SHUT
New Mexico Governor Also
Wants Drastic 'Blue Sky'
Law For The State.
ASKS MONEY FOR
Says Stop Judges 1 And
Clerks Assisting Voters
To Mark The Ballot
SANTA FE. N. M Jan. 12. Recom
mendation of the passage of a
t.l amaHklik -a avMiulInc Tan.
ess and a drastic "blue sky" law
were two unexpected features of the
shortest gubernatorial message on
record in this state, delivered by Gov.
M. C Mechem to the fifth New Mexico
legislature when It convened in joint
session at noon today. The message
covered only four snd a half type
The Kovernor adhered closely to the
party platform featuring economy and
retrenenment ana especially recom
mended legislation as follows:
Permittins women to hold state
Statewide primary law for nomina
tion of all candidates.
Adequate budget system.
Later date for opening 1 .legislative
Removing tenure limit from county
and stats school superintendents and
placing minimum salary for first
grade teachers at J 1200.
Establishment of state gams com
mission to take orer the game war
Bipartisan laijp commission.
To Keduee Corporation Commission.
One cornoration commissioner in
stead of three, with greater authority.
Flat rate income tax.
Ad valorem system of taxing mines.
Horizontal reduction; of all tax
Limitation of taxation for all pur
poses. Amendment of election law which
now permits Judges and clerks to
Abolishing mounted police, road su
perintendents, superintendent of In
surance and legal adviser to governor.
Preventing land ownership by all
not eligible to citizenship.
The aovernor asked only one appro
priation, that of SIO.OO for the sur
vey oi tne tuo uranoe vaiiey for uooa
He recommended an amendment
giuisuT the legislature power to con
solidate the state educational institu
tions. Fesipeue Legislature.
"In order to make a budaret system
effective, the meeting of the legisla
ture snouia be nxea xor a nuer oay
than at present, as it Is absolutely
Impossible for a governor, new to
the duties of the office, to prepare
and submit a budget la the short
time now at his disposal. This will
likewise require a constitutional
amendment," asserts the governor.
In submitting the majority and
minority reports of the special rev
enue commission, the governor says:
"They are entitled to serious consid
eration at your hands, as they repre
sent a great amount of Intelligent and
impartial investigation of the tax sit
uation in this state. The discussions
and recommendations they contain,
particularly on the budget system, the
(Ceo tinned on Page 4 Column 3)
COMMUNISM 4N RUSSIA HAS
BROUGHT HUNGER, DISEASE,
T" 15 KLIN. Germany, Jan. 12. Frank
D expressions of disappointment
over conditions in Rmssia, togeth
er with assertions that American
workmen would never' pursue soviet
methods, are declared, by 3C Schwartz,
an American Socialist and a resident
of San Francisco, to hsve been .e
sponslble for his four months im
prisonment in Bolshevik jails In Mos
cow. Schwartz and his wife were ar
rested on August S and released on
December 3. Mrs. Schwartz died In
Reval on December 20 from the ef
fects of the hardship she endured.
Schwartz went to Moscow last June
and attended the second congress of
the third Internationale. 1-c said here
yesterday efforts were made to dis
guise the real situation in Russia,
but that he had detected the condi
tions which prevailed.
I was broken hearted by what 1
saw." he continued, 'and realized
what a terrible misconception ray
wife and I had of the soviet govern
ment before we arrived in Russia.
We were cold, and could not conceal
our disappointment. The Bolshevlki
came to realise our condition. Wll
helm Dlttmann, Herr Crisplen, Ernest
Daumig snd Herr Stoecker, four Ger
man Socialist leaders who were dele
gates to the soviet congress, knew
we had visited many sections of the
country and that I spoke Russian.
As a result they asked me my opinion
of the situation. I spoke frankly tell
injr tltem it was unnecessary for me
to discuss miseries which were ap
parent to even a casual observer.
"My frank statements probaMy led
to our troubles. Later Boris Rein
stein, of Buffalo. N. K.. and a prom
inent Socialist leader.eked me when
a revolution would 'take place In
America and how the Communist
rirty was progressing there. I told
Im frankly I did not think Ameri
can workmen would ever adopt Rus
sian methods snd that there was no
Communist party In America.
Eater Jehu Reed.
He repested my remarks to John
Reed, the author, who died last fall,
v. ho came to me and asked me to
repeat my statements. I explained to
him that I did not say there were no
Communists tn, America, but that I
had asserted the Communists did not
hae a party organisation.
"On the night of August (. st 11
oclock. an armed guard called at my
A TARIFF DUTY
IS URGED AS AN
President of American National Livestock Aawdatiori Sets Forth
Tkk as One of the Great National Needs Aho Favors a
1 National Livestock Coaunusion and Increased Credits
War Regulations Are Harshly Criticised.
A TARIFF duty on farm products at the earliest possible date, increased
credits, and early adoption of legislation now pending in congress pro
viding for the appointment of a commission to stnperrise the livestock
industry were urged as necessary steps for the rehabilitation of the cattle
srrowinar Industry bv John B. Kendrick. of Sneridar
-at uie very iima wnen areiuunis f -i
CJOHNB-KENDRICK Products of the far- made shipment of tnos
vAyiHiwiwuiuwu products prohibitive" were assigned as furtnrr
causes for the present unfavorable condition of the industry.
Makes 33 Cents a Sheep.
He estimated that increased freight, yardage and commission charges
amounted to from 50 to 100 percent during the last year.
ZZ 0 -An extreme case in connect'
S. Rule in San Domingo
Also Attacked By Pan
Mexico Cltr. Mex, Jan. 12. Or the
Associated Press.) Roolntloas were
received todav bv the Pan-Amerieaa
Federation of Labor congress, a mo
tion having- been adopted that all res
olution, mcst be submitted before
5:30 odoek this afternoon.
Cajsment on occupation of San
Domlnco by United States marines
waa again heard from Carlos Gracl
dad. a Mexican delegate, who referred
to tb. section of the sttretary's re
port dsallnt; with the efforts of the
Amariesn Federation of Labor to se
enr native rule in th. latand. and
nonnested that tb. awsssst congress
make a renewed protest "as thwre Is
danfrer the same forea mar ba applied
Radical. Attack 6omarra.
Radical agitators who but week
threatened to provM. at least some
excitement to the sessions of the
congress, nave sot been particularly
active, although the delegations are
daily presented with soviet and com
munist literature, which Is largely a
personal attack on Mr. Gempers. who
ha asserted to be "unrepresentative of
the laboring masses."
The America, delegation, headed by
Mr. Oosspers. paid a formal call on
Plutarce E. Calws. secretary of the
interior, last eveninr for the purpose
oi thanking him and the government
for courtesies, which had been ex
tended. Gen. Calles told the delega
tion the government encouraged such
meetings as the congress and was
willing to give all possible aid to the
hotel snd arrested my wife and me.
throwing us into separate Jails. For
two months we received no sugges
tion relative to the charges lodge!
against us. My wife could not speak
Russian and suffered from her soli
tary imprisonment. At the end of two
months I was called brre M. Feld
man. chairman of the committee tn
charge, who asked me if I would re
port to American workers that it was
a mistake that I had been ImprhK ned,
hinting that I would be released if I
should rive this promise. I told him
I might forgive the wrong X had suf-
fered, but was sure my wife never
would, and I asked to see her.
Sh was emaciate and miserable, and
. J ? J" ; forn,eJ I verwsly affected the cattle raisins ana
n. b 1 now I appear i shipping- industry. He assert? iK
befor. her wita my fac covered with the farm and ranch industry is tn
Ions frray whiskers. I aeked her not v.rv lif. mA i r i A. .
to cry and worry, and she indignantly
protested, declaring- she Dad no tears
left and could not possibly cry be-
cans, of the great Injustice whlcn
naa been done us by t&e my persons
(or whom we had worked for many
M. Feldman said e would be re
leased immediately, bat there was an
other long-, weary watt before orders
were received for us 10 prepare im
mediately to co to the statlon.-
urs. Schwartz was known 21 vears
In America as a Soda1tst worker un
der the nam. of Jessie 1L Molle.
To Tell Worker. Troth.
"Before I went to Russia.- he said,
"I came to Berlin and visited Mrs.
Earl Liebknecht to express my sym
PVby with her over .he death of her
husband, whom she haa charged
Nosk. with mnnleiintr. Now I have
come to see her ag-ata and tell her
Communist leader, in Russia have
killed my wife and that I am going
to America to Mil the working peo
ple the troth about the soviet gov
ernment which I formerly amypa
thlzed with thoroughly and supported.
"I want to tell them vhat that sec
ond congress of tb. Third Interna
tionale was. It was ' nly Zlnovief f.
Bukharin. Lenlne and Trotsky. It was
all cut asd dried. Members -war told
what action to take, and they did not
dare do otherwise. .
-Communism is Ruula Is barbar
ism: it tol.ratea tmrri.oiim.nf nr-
secutlon and execution without trial;
it nas Drought Russia starvation, dis
ease and death. There Is no govern
ment. It is a worse sutoeracv than
the czaristic govrnment. and I lived
there for over years under the
El Pass, cloudy, winer; west Texas, cloudy, warmer;
Mew Mexico, fait, warmer; A moat, fair, warmer.
PAGES, 2 SECTIONS. TODAY.
wyow in an address before the annual convntio-i
of the American National Livestock association
which opened here today. Mr. Kendrick is pres -dent
of the association.
The history of oar llvesieelc fades try
the past year Is unpleasant eve to recall,
nueh less to relate. declared Mens tor
Kendrick. "Vie had met discouragement m
year ago. We have met disaster since. A
generation of men has ee d gae since
any Industry has suffered such a saeeesslon
Saatorkendrick sketched the troubles of
Industry, beginning with drouth conditions tn t
southwest for two or three years, an Increas
meat Imports in 1970. a decrease in meat exports
the same period, and the absence of markets ' -wool
at any price. Increased labor costs, "fl
doubling up of taxes." and increased freight ratPt
WllD 111 IB ftllUaVLIVn, lav oVJU.
shown in a shipment of sheep fron
Wyoming in uecemDer. u;y. in wn.c i
the coot of movement, freight and
other charges involved in Ute ship
ment and sale of -sheep amounted t"
13 .224. 64. while the gross receipt
from the shipment were J2.87S II.
leaving the net amount received on v
253.45. or slightly orer 22 cents a
"Manifestly." he continued, "ther?
should be at the earliest possible da'
a tariff duty Imposed upon fan-i prod
ucts st least equal to offset the cos
of domestic production tn excess :
the cost of foreign production. Ex
perience will some day compel as -understand
that the Question of tar;"
should be forever eliminated fro
"Whether imposed far the pnrpeoe
of protection ov revenue it should
be dene scientifically with due re
jcard to the welfare of the gen
eral pabHe as well as to the
Industry involved. If U eco
nomically sound to Impose a
tariff for both preieetien and for
revenue on mannfaetBred artl
eles. ft Is jMt aa aoud to gire
the sasae consideration to the
redacts that constitute the very
hos4s of ear natleaoJ welfare
1 those products en the farm and
Pointing out that the longest ban
loan that can he obtaalned on live
stock is six months, while the proems
of production of cattle extends o -a
period fit three years at the lea"
Kendrick declared "nothing would
give greater impetus to the produc
tion of livestock at this time than a
changs in our laws which would pro
vide a sound, rational system
financing that would extend to sma
producers loans in limited amoun.- '
FoHtlelans Are Uze Nero.
He charged that "the long draw--!
out controversy over the ratifieat;
of the peace treaty and the readjr--ment
of foreign relations in Wash
ington, and the resultant demoraliz -tioo
and even destruction of tra.-1
relations stands as eloquent test -mony
to the fact that the poUticar
In Washington have been, like N
flddUng while Rome was burning
Opened by Prayer.
The convention was opened by a"
Invocation by Rev. George W. it.
CaU. Following the invocation ma
Charles Davis formally welcomed it
livestock men to the city.
C K. Basset t, president of ir
chamber ot commerce, also extendi
a welcome on behalf of the bus-ct-s
and financial interests of the r.
Mr. Bsssett said he had read every
thing he could find on present co
diftons and had finally come to :
conclusion reached by W. W. Tur.it:.
president of the Texas Cattle Rac
ers association that conditions ar
the result of the upheaval, the
and only time could bring us ba .
Mr. Turney followed presiden;
Kendrick on the urogram. H.s s-b
Ject was "The Cattle Business. P---
et ana Future." He talked .i'mi,
the lines of his address Tja;ch
nlrht at the dinner at the Shel.lo
pointing out the difficulties and suf
1 g est ing unity m the entire .cdustr
and menaiy legislation as the so..-
condiUoBS which k, jhS
Cheap Lak.r I. deeded.
I The farama- and Mt it.-a,.
were sofferine from competition v.:i
raw material from foreign countries
Imported duty free. Mr. Pryor n.
clared. "If they ar. forced to do th:s
then poverty la their heritage tb.
producers are as much entitled to a
tariff on th. so called raw materia,
aa the manufacturers," he asserted.
"Why should they be compelled to
sell In a free market and buy in a pro
tected one? It ia unjust discrim. ra
tion. "Wa can never prosper under a sja
(CMttaaed .a Pase g. damn 5
Prairie Trails." Tom Mix.
"Th. Oirl Frem Paris."
"Waal Women Love." Jmnette
-Just Out of College," Jack
"The Restless Sex.- Marios
"Her Unwilling Husband."
"Something Different," Constance
"Palace of Darkened Windows,"
(Raad amusement ads on rag. 17.)