Newspaper Page Text
VOL. VIII. NO. 11.
On the Best and Largest Stock of
Dry Goods j
in the Northwest.
Mini i m
Are making: room for
the Largest Shipment
that will cross the
mountains this spring.
We Are Going to Do Business
and this is the starter.
A few prices for your
Yard wide Bleached Muslin, 4}£c a
yard, regular 7c quality.
Yard wide Bleached Muslin, s)£c a
yard, regular 7}£c quality.
Yard wide Bleached Muslin, 6c a yard, ;
regulai 8 l-3c quality.
Yard wide Bleached Muslin, 7>£c a ;
yard, regular i»c quality.
Yard wide Bleached Muslin, 7%c a
yard, regular 10c quality.
2 yards wide Bleached Sheeting, 15c a
yard, regular 22)£c quality.
2*- 4 yards wide Bleached Sheeting, 18c
a yard, regular 27J£c quality.
led wide Tobacco Cotton, 2%c a yard,
regular 3^c quality.
bid wide Sea-Foam Cotton, 3 3 4 c a
yard, regular 5c quality.
Yard wide Unbleached Sheeting, 4 3 4 c a |
yard, regular 7c quality.
Yard wide Unbleached Muslin, 6c a
yard, regular 8 l-3c quality.
Yard wide Unbleached Muslin, l%c a
yard, regular 10c quality.
Good Outing Flannel, 4>£c a yard, reg
ular GKi'c quality.
Heavy Dating Flannel, J^ca yard,
regular 10c quality.
English Flannelette, 8c a yard, regular
12, l 2 c quality.
Standard G4xG4 Caiico, 5c a yard, regu
lar 7c quality.
Standard 64x64 Gingham, 4>£c a yard,
regular ti' 4 c quality.
Russian Fleeced Vicugna, 7,^c a yard,
regular (Oc quality.
Table Oil Cloth, 48-inch, 12j^c a yard,
regular 15 and 20c quality.
Curtain Scrim, 36-inch, 3*i- 2 a yard,
regular 6#c quality.
Fancy Curtain Cloth, 36-inch, 10c a
yard, regular 15c quality.
Table Damask, Bleached and Un
bleached, Turkey Red and Fancies,
all at reduced prices.
All-Wool Fancy Dress Goods, 22c a
yard; a good value at 30c.
All-Wool Henrietta, 42-inch, 27c a
yard, regular value, 50c.
AH colors English Henrietta, 36-inch.
18o» yard, regular 25-cent quality.
r»pred Mohair, 42-inch, 40c a yard,
regular 60c quality.
*«*nred Mohair, 44 inch, 48c a yard,
regular 55c quality.
"fared mohair, 46-inches wide, 80c a
JMd, regular $1 quality.
laok ■nd White novelties, 68c a yard,
regular f 1 quality.
I**, Blue and Brown Serge, 46-inch,
4V ■ yard, regular 75c quality.
•»•** Cheviot, 54-inches wide, 52c a
>ard, regular f 1 quality.
Angora Flannel. 27-inches, 16c
a yard, regular 25c quality. : : ?M
"hue Gilbert Flannel, 2?-inches, 20c
uJ.; Hr- regular 27c quality. c;" :
Hhue AA Gilbert Flannel, 27-inches,
yL' f ard- regular 35c quality. %S, >i
Xe a d Medicated Flannel, 27-inchei, 120
a yard, regular 20c quality.
'* ounce Medicated Flannel, ; 27
--.^•net, 28c a yard, regular 35c quai
nt IS impossible to enumerate the
to mr!good VaUieß we are eoingi
c;-f c;- n ße"the early bird," that
plScut in your pocket. No Bam*
This Sale starts at once and S
last for a short time only.
Montague & jtteHagh
Cor. Holly St and Railroad \ :
N^WHATCOM - WASH.
Cbc San luan Islander
FRIDAY HARBOB, SAN JUAN COUNTY, WASHINGTON, THURSDAY, APRIL 28, 1898.
DOINGS O.F THE WEEK
What Has Happened in the
GIVEN IN THE PRESS DISPATCHES
A Complete Review of the News of the
Past Seven Days in This and
All Foreign Lands.
George Parsons Lathrop, poet and
author, died at Roosevelt hospital, New
Professor Jules Marcou, famous
throughout the world as a geologist, ii
dea ' at his home at Cambridge, Mass.
It took the Republicans of the 10th
Ohio district 1,877 ballots to nominate
J. Morgan for congress, to succeed Rep
A hundred colonists have offered
their services to the American consul,
George W. Bell, at Sidney, N. S. W.,
in the event of war between the United
States and Spain.
Naval and military preparations con
tinue with unabated vigor. Seven
fleet steam yachts, suitable for naviga
tion in Cuban waters, were procured
and several bids for steam colliers wera
made in Washington Wednesday.
The police commissioners of San
Francisco have adopted a resolution de
claring that in case of war police officers
who enlist will not lose their places,
which will be filled during their ab
sence by men whose appointment shall
be merel)' temporary.
It is the understanding that the call
for 80,000 men will be filled entirely
from the National Guard, and that the
quota trom each state will be fixed in
the proportion that the number of en
listed Guardsmen bear to the total in
the United States, rather than by the
population. It is estimated that there
are nearly 120.000 enlisted men in the
organizations of the country, which
would make an 80,000 call equal to
two-thirds of the Guardsmen of each
The departure of the First battalion
of the Nineteenth infantry from Fort
Wayne for Mobile was marked by a
serious accident. During the firing of
a salute in honor of the departing
troops by those left in charge of the
fort, Private George Engrr.an had hia
right arm nearly blown off by the
premature explosion of a cannon, and
Sergeant John W. Annis, who was in
charge of the firing party had his right
hand severely injured. Engman's arm
The British government is buying
coal largely on account of an increase
in the fleet in view of the anticipated
Under instructions from Minister
Polo, the Spanish consuls are arranging
for the departure of the Spaniards from
their respective localities in this
The Chicago Chronicle says: The
American soldiers live well, and the
experts declare that an arnyof 200,000
men can be supplied from domestio
sources without inconveniencing any*
body or causing the price of food
products to rise.
General Lew Wallace, the famous
soldier, diplomat and novelisi, who waa
71 years old April 10, has formally
withdrawn from the race for the United
States senate, and announces that he
will enter the army and fight for Cuban
The Spanish authorities have ac
quired all the principal warehouses at
TVneriffe, Canary Islands, and at Grand
Canary for the accommodation of a
large reinforcement of troops expected
there, and to hold stores due to arrive.
Even churches there are being used for
military purposes, and the strength of
the fortifications is being increased.
At Las Palmas, large quantities of
grain have been amassed.
The Rome correspondent of the Lon
don Chronicle says: Some of th«
powers, including France and Italy,
are acting in concert with the Vatican
in an effort to persuade Spain to aban
don Cuba. It is said Spain is secretly
inclined to this course, but prefers to
await the outbreak of war m order to
have the appearance of yielding to
force, bo as to be justified by public
News of farther fighting between in
surgents and Spanish troops in the
province of Pinar del Rio, has reached
Havana. It appears the insurgents
under Lores Aguliar Riso made an at
tack Saturday upon the Spanish forces
in Pinar del Rio, and had the best of
the fight, even according to the Spanish
announcement of the affair. Spanish
report adds that the garrison of the fort
lost four men killed and had nin«
The supporters in England of Don
Carlos, the Spanish pretender, headed
by the Earl of Ashburnharo, are active
ly preparing for emergencies. Every
detail has been arranged to seiie th«
propitious moment for action. The
local Carlists are convinced that the
present dynasty is doomed, and that
Spain will be forced to choose between
Republicanism and Don Carlos. They
add that the only ohance of the present
dynasty is a successful war against the
United States, the possibility of which
The Russian government has placed
orders for two 12,000-ton battle-sbipi
in the United States, according to in
formation which has reached the navy
department The new vessels are to
equal any afloat or designed in th«
world, and are to be superior to any
thing in the fighting line heretofore
produced in this country. They and all
their eqnipment will be Amerioan m
manufacture as well as in material.
The Cramps will build the bulls and
machinery, and tb« Bethlehem Iron
Company the armor and the funnels.
Spanish Minister Takes His Departure
Washington, April 22.—The Span
ish minister, accompanied by six mem
bers of his staff, left Washington at
7:30 o'clock tonight, and the Spanish
government thus terminated its diplo
matic representation in the United
States. The minister and his party
left by the Pennsylvania road, going
northward to Buffalo and Suspension
Bridge, and thence to Toronto. From
there they will go to Halifax to take an
The departure of the Spanish party
was made without noticeable demon
stration, although a considerable num
ber of secret service officers and police
were on duty at the depot. There was
no time at any occasion for their doing
more than keeping back a crowd of
Lieutenant Carantha's Statement.
Lieutenant de Carantha asked a press
reporter to make known the lieuten
ant's view on the war.
"It is no longer a question of retain
ing Cuba," said Lieutenant de Caran
tlia. "That was meiely a question of
territory. Now a higher purpose is in
view—the honor and dignity of Spain
—since the United States has con
temptuously ordered Spain to vacate
Cuba, and has made the infamous
charge that we are responsible for the
murder of the poor men of the Maine.
These orders and charges are made
with a kick of the boot, and against
such action, Spain will resist to the
uttermost. There should be no mis
take about this. History has recorded
that even the legions of Napoleon,with
400,000 men, bearing the triumphs of
all Europe, were halted and retired
from Spain, after those legions had
lost between 200,000 and 300,000 men.
"We realize the gallantry of the
American navy, and the noble heroes
of its past—Paul Jones, Farragut, Por
ter—but Spain, too, has her heroes and
their blood is in the vein of those
called upon to defend her honor. I
have recently talked with my naval as
sociates, commanders of Spanish ships
and of torpedo-boats, and I know that
there is but one sentiment; namely,
that not one Spanish ship shall be
taken. Your navy may send many of
them to the bottom; superior forces
may seek to annihilate them, but not
one Spanish ship will surrender to the
American navy. With honor at stake,
that will be the response of the navy
Lieutenant de Carantha spoke with
gieat earnestness, and his statement
was taken in note and authorized. The
departure of the Spanish party brought
to a close a most eventful day at the
Senor Polo's Letter.
At 11:20 o'cloelc the minister re«
ceived from the state department a
copy of the ultimatum, and immedi
ately demanded his passports in the
"Legation de Espanole, Washing
ton, D. C, April 22, 1898.—Mr. Sec
retary: The resolution adopted by the
congress of America and approved to
day by the president is of such a nature
that my permanence in Washington
becomes impossible and obliges me to
request of you the delivery of my pass
ports. The protection of the Spanish
interests will be intrusted to the French
ambassador and the Austro Hungarian
"On this occasion, very painful to
me, I have the honor to convey to you
the assurance of my highest considera
"LUIS POLO V BERNABE.
"Hon. John Sherman, Secretary of
State of the United States of Ameri
ca," etc., etc.
The passports reached the minister
at 4P. M. They were accompanied by
a letter from Secretary Sherman, in
which the secretary expressed his re
gret that the minister had felt called
upon to take this step.
The Spanish legation is now closed.
An attendant remains there simply to
clear up the effects of hasty departure.
The Cuban colonial delegation also
terminated its relations at Washington
Washington, April 22. —The house
today passed, as an emergency war
measure, the bill empowering the presi
dent to call out the volunteer forces
ahd providing for their organization.
Both the president and Secretary Alger
had urged the imperative necessity for
the passing of the bill today, and Chair
man Hull, of the military affairs com
mittee, drove it under whip and spur.
The bill was drafted at the war depart
ment, introduced in the house yester
day and considered and reported by the
committee today. No such expedition
could have been possible except under
the stress of war pressure. The bill is
permanent in its character. The prin
cipal change in the bill, as introduced,
was that the appointment of all regi
men tal officers are to be made by the
governors of the states instead of by the
president, as was proposed originally
oy the war dpeartment. This con
forms to the practices of the civil war.
Some Pity for Spain.
London, April 22.—- The afternoon
papers today, while generally friendly
to the United States, express a certain
amount of sympathy with Spain.
Washington, April 22. — Arrange
ments are being made by the war de
partment for the transportation of
troops 'from Southern ports to Cuba,
and it is expected that they will be per
fected tomorrow. Colonel A. 8. Kim
ball, chief quartermaster, department
of the East, will open bids at Mew
York fox the charter of steam vessels
for this service. It is believed he will
have no difficulty in securing sufficient
: vessels of good speed for the army to
be sent to Cuba.
RESTS WITH SPAIN
I Ultimatum Has Been Sent to
TIME FOR REPLY IS ACCORDED
United States Will Not H< sort to Priva
teering—Spanish Squadron Still
at the Cape Verde*.
Washington, April 22.—This was a
day of events in the history of the Cu
ban question. The signing by the
president of the joint resolution requir
ing intervention in Cuba; the notifica
tion of that action to the Spanish min
ister here; his demand for passports;
the department's prompt reply to that
demand; the departure of the Spanish
minister, and the transmission of our
ultimatum that Spain must evacuate
Cuba and must make answer by noon of
the second day through Minister Wood
ford, followed in quick succession.
The neit step is Spain's answer, if
she is to make any, and the movement
of the United States army and navy on
Early in the morning the execution
of the programme for today began with
a conference between Assistant Secre
tary Day, ex-Secretary Foster and Sec
ond Assistant Secretary Adee, in which
the wishes of the president and the
cabinet as to the ultimatum were re
duced to diplomatic form.
Other events suoceeded rapidly. The
ultimatum was sent to the Spanish
minister by Judge Day's personal mes
senger, Edward Savoy, one of the
trusted employes of the state depart
ment, who was appointed to his place
in 1869 by Hamilton Fish. The mes
senger was not kept waiting long at
the legation, but in the course of an
hour had returned to the state depart
ment with the minister's application
for his passports.
It was not until half-past 3 o'clock
that Savoy made his second trip, carry
ing with him the desired paper. This
was a passport for the minister, his
family and suite. It was not in the usual
form, but was what is known as a spe
cial passport. In general terms it is
similar to that presented to Lord Sack
ville-West when that unfortunate min
ister was obliged to retire.
At first there was some expectation
at the state department that a response
from Minister Woodford might be ex
pected today. Later, however, after
Judge Day had calculated the length of
time that would consume in the cabling
of the ultimatum to Minister Wood
ford, its translation into cipher and
retranslation, he became convinced that
it would be practically impossible,
owing to the difference in time be
tween Washington and Madrid, to re
ceive any response today. Therefore
the following statement was posted at
"The text of the ultimatum to Spain
will be given out by Mr. Porter, secre
tary to the president, at the White
House some time tomorrow, probably.
Watting on Spain.
The next move must now be made by
Spain, according to department offi
cials. If the Spanish government
takes the view, as might possibly be
concluded from the action of its min
ister here today, that in language and
terms the congressional resolution is
insulting, it may promptly hand Min
ister Woodford his passports upon re
ceipt of this communication, and thus
caunse a breach of diplomatic relations
within the next 24 hours.
Treatment of Neutrals,
"In the event of hostilities between
the United States and Spain, it will be
the policy of this government not to
resort to privateering. The govern
ment will adhere to the following rules:
"First—Neutral flag covers enemy's
goods, with the exception of contra
band of war.
"Second—Neutral goods not contra
band of war are not liable to confisca
tion under enemy's flag.
"Third—Blockades, in order to be
binding, must be effective."
This doctrine is undoubtedly laid
down to meet the various inquiries re
ceived by the diplomatic representa
tives ol the United States from foreign
governments as to the attitude assumed
by the United States. It is substan
tially in line with the rules practiced
in the recent Chinese-Japanese war,
and places the United States in a most
position, so far as the pro
tection of individual property and neu
tral goods at sea is concerned. By it
Spanish goods are made free from sei
zure on the seas and in the bottoms of
a neutral power. This decision on the
part of our government will doubtlesE
be welcomed in Europe.
The Spanish Squadron.;
Word came to the navy department
today that the Spanish warships Pel
ayo, Vizcaya and Oquenrio are all at
present at Cape de Verde islands, in
company with the toipedo flotilla. It
is, in the opinion of experts, equal to
our crack flying squadron now lying in
The department is a good deal dis
turbed about the torpedo-boat Somers,
now lying at Falmontb, England, and
is casting about for means to bring her
to the United Stater with safety, but
so far without success.
No purchases of ships were made
daring the day,bat the offers continue.
The SpmnUb Cortes Meets.
Madrid, April 23.—The Spanish cor
tes opened this afternoon. The queen
regent read the speech from the throne.
Tbe queen reviewed the situation, and
referred to the efforts of the pope for
peace. The queen regent announced
that she had summoned the oortes to
defend Spain's right*. She appealed,
to the Spanish people to gather behind <
her ton's throne.
NOTICE TO QUIT.
Spain Wtil Be Told to Leave Cuba aad
Must Answer In 48 Hours.
Washington, April 21.—Spain will
not receive official notice of the de
mands of the United States before to
morrow. She will then be informed
that the Cuban resolution, passed by
congress at an early hour this morning,
is now a part of the laws of the United
States, and an ulimatuin will be sent in
compliance with this law, and an answer
within a very short time, probably 48
hours, is expected.
Compliance is not expected, and a
forward movement on Cuba will com
mence the latter part of this week, ac
cording to the plans of the administra
The congressional Cuban resolution
will not be signed until tomorrow. The
ultimatum to Spain will be signed at
the same time. The president decided
to make the two practically one act by
a simultaneous signature of each.
Two cabinet meetings were held dur
ing the day, the first being at 11 o'clock
and lasting nearly two hours, and the
second lasting from 8 until 5:80 o'clock.
At their close, announcement that exec
utive action was delayed until tomorrow
Both cabinet sessions were devoted
principally to discussion of the ulti
matum to be sent to Madrid. At the
morning session, the president rather
favored allowing the Madrid govern
ment two, or even three days, in which
to reply to our demands, but since that
time he has changed his views some
what, and it is now believed-to be his
purpose to require an answer within a
very short time, probably within 24
The reason for limiting the time to
one day, or even less, is said to be en
tirely strategic, otherwise two or even
three days would have been allowed.
The ultimatum itself, it is believed,
is short and to the point. It will recite
the main feature of the resolution
passed by congress and demand a 3om
So far as could be learned, there will
not be a meeting of the cabinet this
evening or tomorrow morning before
the president signs the two documents
which it is believed unquestionably
will precipitate war. It is likely that
the president and Assistant Secretary
Day will tonight go over the message
which is about to be sent to Madrid and
make any change which may bethought
desirable, leaving the final act of sign
ing the resolution and the ultimatum
until tomorrow morning. It probably
will not be made public until notice is
leceived that it is in the hands of the
Spanish, diplomatic etiquette requiring
The Cuban resolution, passed by con
gress, arrived at the White House at
1:15 o'clock, a little over an hour hav
ing been consumed in the formalities of
securing the signatures of Speaker Reed
and Vice-President Hobart to the reso
lution in open session and its delivery
at the White House by Representative
Hager, of lowa, cnairman of the com
mittee on enrolled bills, and Repre
sentative Overstreet, of Indiana.
It was expected that the resolution
would be signed immediately after it
bad reached the president, and this was
President McKinley's inclination; but
for certain state reasons it was deemed
advisable that the resolution and the
ultimatum to Spain should be signed
simultaneously, and time was needed
to draft the ultimatum in diplomatic
Plan of Operation.
The fact that the resolution was not
immediately signed gave rise to a few
disquieting reports, but it soon ap
peared from statements of cabinet offi
cers that the president had not the
slightest intention of withholding his
signature, and that the delay in attach
ing it was accounted for solely by his
desire to prepare a full and complete
plan of operation in the immediate
future, before taking the final step of
turning the joint resolution into a
As to the course of events in the im
mediate future, the only prediction
that can be made is one based on prec
edents. According to these, Minister
Woodford will notify the Spanish gov
ernment of the action of the govern
ment of the United States, and should
the Spanish answer be unsatisfactory,
as is expected, the next step would be
for him to ask for his passpcrtsand
leave Madrid. That would be followed
instantly by the withdrawal from
Washington ol Senor-Polo, the Spanish
At this point it oan be said that the
state department officials are confident
that the Spanish government will so
shape every phase of the negotiations
as to oblige us to take the initiative at
AAfter the withdrawal of the min
isters, and assuming that Spain does
not backdown, will follow actual war,
but whether or not the first overt act
would be preceded by a formal declara
tion of war, which would insure the
immediate neutralization of the powers,
or whether the North Atlantic squadron
will make its appearance off Havana as
a beginning, cannot be predicted.
It is announced that Italian experi
merits on vegetable life with Roentgen
rays have shown that the effect is
identical with that of sunlight.
Madrid Press Comment.
Madrid, April 21.—Imparcial today
commenting upon the commercial as
pect of the war, which it regards as
certain as soon as President McKinley
stops vacillating, says: "The Ameri
cans who are now rushing into war will
be surprised to find it is not an affair
of weeks, bur of months. It will last (
nntil the commercials are more anxious .
for peace than they are now anxious
for war." '
WAR DRUMS ROLLING
Gauntlet Thrown Down tc
JOINT RESOLUTION IS .FOR WAR
Intervention Without Recognition, as
Set Forth in the Message,
Washington, April 20.—The tocsin
of war has been sounded by the Amer
After one of the hardest-fought bat
tles between the two houses known in
many years, congress, at an early hour
this morning, came to an agreement
upon the most momentous question it
has dealt with in a third of a century.
The Cuban resolution passed and will
be sent to the president this morning.
Its provisions means the expulsion of
Spain from the island of Cuba by the
armed forces of the United States.
There were roll-calls in both houses,
and each body had tenaciously held to
its own resolution. The conferees had
great difficulty in agreeing.
The first conference showed a deter
mination on the part of the house not
to yield a single point, and it was only
after long consultations with the house
leaders that they agreed to allow the
little words "are and" in the first sec
tion of the senate resolution, which de
-3 lares that the people of Cuba are, and
af right ought to be, free and independ
ent. The resolution, as finally adopt
ed, was that reported from the senate
Qommittee on foreign relations, with
the addition of the fourth section,
known as the Teller amendment, dis
claiming any intention on the part of
the United States to acquire Cuba.
The resolution cannot be sent to the
president until after it is signed by the
presiding officers today.
Speaker Reed will not sign the
Cuban resolution until the house meets
this noon. It will then go to the vice
president, and, after his signature, to
Washington, April 20.—The house,
after one of the hardest and most des
perate fights in its history, succeeded
in forcing the senate to yield its main
contention in the war resolution —the
independence of the existing govern
ment of Cuba. With that exception,
the house accepted the senate resolu
tion. The Republicans who joined
with the Democrats in an attempt to
concur in the senate amendments en
tire rallied 14 votes at one time, and on
every vote thereafter the vote dwindled.
When the final vote was taken short
ly before 3 o'clock this morning, 310
votes were cast for the declaration,
upon which we are going to war, if war
is to be. Six votes only were cast
against it. They yielded five Repub
licans and one Democrat.
House, 310 to 6; Sena'e, 49 to 35.
Washington, April 20. —The resolu
tion as agreed to ie as follows:
Joint resolution. —Joint resolution
for the recognition of the independence
of the people of Cuba, demanding that
the government of Spain relinquish its
authority and government in the island
of Cuba, and to withdraw its land and
naval forces from Cuba and Cuban wa
ters, and directing the president of the
United States t« use the land and na
val forces of the United States to carry
this resolution into effect.
Whereas, The abhorrent conditions
which have existed for more than three
years in the island of Cuba, so near
our own borders, have shocked the
moral sense of the people of the United
States, have been a disgrace to Chris
tian civilization, culminating, as they
have, in the destruction of a United
States battle-ship and 266 of its officers
and crew, while on a friendly visit in
the harbor of Havana, cannot be longer
endured, as has been set forth by the
president of the United States in his
message of April 11, 1898, upon which
the action of congress was invited;
therefore be it
Resolved, By the senate and house of
representatives of the United States of
America, in congress assembled:
Fiist—That the people of the island
of Cuba are, and of right ought to be,
free and independent.
Second —That it is the duty of the
United States to demand, and the gov
ernment of the United States does
hereby demand, that the government of
Spain at once relinquish its authority
and government in the island of Cuba,
and withdraw its land and naval farces
from Cuba and Cuban waters.
Third—That the president of the
United States be, and he is hereby di
rected and empowered to use the entire
land and naval force of the United
States, and to call into the actual ser
vice of the United States the militia of
the several states to such an extent as
mry be necessary to carry these resolu
tions into effect
Pourth—That the United States
hereby disclaims any disposition to ex
ercise sovereignty, jurisdiction or con
trol over said island, except for the
pacification thereof; and asserts its de
termination, when that it accom
plished, to leave the government and
control of the island to its people.
N»m«a for the Tag-*.
Washington, April 20.—Secretary
Long has selected names for the five
togs recently purchased by the govern
ment for service in connection with
the Pacific and gulf ports. The tugs
C. G. Coyle and Penwood, purchased
Sew Orleans and Mobile, respee
! tively, will hereafter be known m the
1 ChooUw and Powhattan, respectively.
The togs Fearless, Vigilant and Active,
' purchased on the Pacific eoatt, will re*
i tain their present name*.
PRICE 5 CENTS.
SPAIN WILL SUFFER.
■■gland's j Proposal to Declare Coal
:■ - Contraband ■ Suits IXnel* Sam. "..
itajyTork, April 80.—In directing
Jp ■fcjtoregard coal as contra*
'. P^^H|^H|^ event of hostilities
.bet#*BT*a j^Wred States and Spain,
. Great %JMP"aB taken action, Ameri
■ can 4gflHrre say,* in i line with the
• wishes of the president - and naval au
thorities, says the Washington corre •
spondent of the Herald. Pressure will
i be exerted upon France, Hayti and
San Domingo to accomplish the same
, result, and some attention is being
given by the state department to South
American countires, with a view of se
curing a contraband character of coal,
! as well as an announced I determination ~
on their part not -to sell either to
Spanish or American men-of-war a
supply of fuel greater than necessary
to enable the belligerent vessels to
■team to the next home port.
So far,as the Danish West Indies are
concerned, the authorities have pur
chased, in their reports, all .the coal
that is possible to secure. With ;■ coal
a declared contraband of war, admini?-
ration officials and naval experts say
it will be impossible for Spanish ves
sels to operate in the West Indies or
in the Pacific, and as a result the
chances of success for American arms
would be immeasurably enhanced. ..
Great Britian's declaration ; of the
contraband character of coal will affect
the United States at only one. point in
the far East. The United States now
has at Hong Kong six vessels, the
cruisers Baltimore, Olympia, Raleigh,
and Boston and gunboats Concord and
Petrel—and these ships are awaiting
the word to rush to Manila. * »
If the fortifications of the Philip
pines should stand off the American
fleet for any time, the operations of tbt
vessels would be greatly embarrassed,
for by England's declaration, her col
onies will be only allowed to sell to
either belligerent a supply only suffi
cient to take him to his home port.
Appreciating the position assumed
by the British ;. government, Com
mander Dewey, acting under instruc
tions from Secretary Long, has pur
chased a large quantity of coal and has
stored it on board two colliers, which
will accompany his fleet to the Philip- •
pines. Extended operations would ne
cessitate a renewal of the supply, .and
the central position of Hawaii id
pointed to by naval experts who* want
it for a naval base. Hawaii is 4,000
miles from the Philippines. Her posi
tion in the family of nations; would
compel her to observe strict neutrality,
and not favor one belligerent more
than another, but her annexation, it is
pointed out, would result in placing
supplies for the Asiatic squadron 2,
---000 miles nearer to the vessels than
would be the case if coal, munitions of
war, etc., had to bo shipped from the
United States. It is also pointed out '■■
that Hawaii will find it necessary to
sell coal to a Spanish vessel in at Hon
olulu sufficient to take it a portion of
the way to its next home port, just as
she would sell to any American ship.
In the event that coal is declared
contraband by France, San Domingo
and Hayti, authorities say it would bo
impossible for Spanish vessels to secure
coal in the West Indies. ; .^
JOAQUIN CRESPO KILLED.
Venezuelan President Slain While Fight
ing; to Maintain Hit Government.
New York, April 20.—A special
cablegram from Caracas, Venezuela, to
the Evening World, says that Presi
dent Crespo, of Venezuela, was killed
in a battle with ; Hernandez, the
leader of the rebel forces, last Friday.
« (Joaquin ' Crespo ; first ■" came :into :;'■.
prominence in 1886, when he acted ad
a substitute for General Guzman Blan
co. He showed bravery and was faith
ful. In 1888 he served part of a term
as president. He got up a revolution
shortly afterward, and had to flee. In
1893 he got up another revolution, cap*
tured ::i the capital, Caracas, and
declared himself dictator. At a eul•se
quent election he was elected for four
years, beginning February, 1894. ..
Stock in Danger of Starving. ■■/..'.
San Francisco, April 20.— A Chron
icle special from ~ Fresno says:,' • * Unlex.-*
something *at present _* unforseeii ' v hap- r
pens, fully 100,000 head of sheep ami ■'■-.
cattle will die of starvation in this
county in the next few months on - ac
count of lack of grazing grounds. It
is said representation . has z been , made
to Senator White, asking that the Si- r
erra i reservations ;be thrown open to
sheep and catt'e this year, with no ■ re
■triotions as to national parks. ,
■ Spanish Fleet at Porto Rico.
Provincetown, -:Mass., Apiil 20.— :
Captain Eebb, of the I barkentine Mo
rales, which reached f this ; port today ■'.■'.
from! Ponce, Porto Rico, reports > that
on April 6 eight Spanish torpedo
arrived at that port from the : Canarie*.:;
Two Spanish men-of war were there
already. A Spanish cruiser was sighted
as the vessel sailed. V. t r i ; ~v''-\?>'\
, ; ■■•■..'■".: No Mot* Foreign Warships. ; ..V?'v ''
Washington, April : 20. — It was
stated at the? navy department that
efforts to secure the Chilean battle-ship
O'fiiggins have been practically aban- V\
doned, and that there is no longer any
prospect that the United States desire*
or will be able to secure^ any more war-;
ships either belonging to foreign natrons
or having been built in foreign •hip
InTltatlon May Be Accepted.
Paris, April SO. —Le Journal pub
lishes an interview which its Madrid
correspondent has bad with Senor
Moret, in the comae of which be said:
"Spain has T made all the concessions
compatible with her honor, and if Me-
Kinley wants Cuba let him come and .
Barcelona University Closed.
Barctona, April 19.—The university
bare has closed, in omiseqnence of > th«
foomnstmions mule bj the students.
ms-. " ■ sm