Resume of World's Important
Events Told in Brief.
Senator Jeff Davis, senior member
of the upper house from Arkansas, is
Trans-Atlantic steamships have
adopted a new route in order to avoid
Operations in the hop market are
completey blocked by refusal of the
growers to sell.
The Russian crown prince has com
pletely recovered from the recent at
tempt upon his life.
A one-legged boy playing on the
street in Portland was hit Ly an auto
mobile and his other leg broken.
Over five hundred persons were
killed in automobile accidents on the
streets of New York City during 1912.
The Bates & Chesebrough steamship
company, rivals of the Pacific Mail,
have failed with liabilities of $300,
Vexed by a sharp letter from At
torney General Wickersham, the Uni
ted States attorney for South Dakota
A New York actor will serve six
months in the Ludlow street jail rath
er than pay his divorced wife $50 per
Turks declare they have made every
possible concession in the peace con
ference and the Balkan allies threaten
to resume hostilities.
Wilson admits a woman has been
recommended for Secretary of war,
but he believes the suggestion was
made in the interest of peace.
After several days' effort, represen
tatives of the house investigating
committee are unable to serve a sub
poena on William Rockefeller.
Senator Bailey, of Texas, attacks
the initiative and referendum as in
stitutions that will, if continued, over
throw the present system of American
Experiments by James J. Hill in his
greenhouses at Minneapolis indicate
that the grain fields of the Northwest
can be made twice as productive by
the use of phosphorus fertilizers.
Democratic opposition to the nam
ing of Colonel Goethals governor of the
canal zone has reached such propor
tions that Taft has about decided to
leave the matter to be settled by Wil
A New Yorker tried to mail a pack
age of live lobsters under the parcels
post law, but the package was re
fused as unm ail able. Had the lob
sters been dead there would have been
150,000 garment workers have been
ordered out on strike for better wages.
A complete reorganization of the
Mexican federal army has been com
A baby weighing just 17 ounces was
born at Aurora, 111. It is healthy
The Volunteers of America fed 12,
---000 hungry men and women in Chica
go December 29.
Turks appear inclined to present
more moderate demands in the peace
conference, and the allies show anxi
ety to close negotiations.
Idaho will call a convention to take
up the matter of a state highway and
branches, in conjunction with the
same movement in adjoining states.
Wheat—Bluestem, 84Jc per bushel;
forty-fold, 80c; club, 80c; Fife, 79c;
red Russian, 78c.
Oats—s2s.so per ton.
Barley—s23 per ton.
Yellow corn—Sacked, $29 per ton.
The following prices are offered to
the producer by the local dealers for
delivery in round lots, f. o. b. Seattle:
Eggs—Select ranch, 32@33c per
Poultry—Live hens, 12@14c pound;
old roosters, 9c; turkeys, fat, live,
21c; do dry picked, 23@24c; geese,
fat, 13c; this year's chickens, 15@
16c; old ducks, live, fat, 15c; duck
lings, 16c; squabs, $3 dozen.
Fresh Fruits — Apples, email@example.com
box; cranberries, $10.50@11 per bar
rel; casabas, $2.50 crate; huckleber
ries. 8(al0c pound; pears, fancy East
ern Washington, $1.25(91.50 box.
Honey—New, $firstname.lastname@example.org per case.
Dressed Meats—Prime beef steers,
llj(a 12c pound; cows, lie; heifers,
Nos. 1 and 2, lljc; veal, 14c; pork,
12c; mutton, ewes, 9Jc; wethers,
lOJc; spring lamb, 12c.
Vegetables—Almonds, 18c pound;
artichokes, $1.50 dozen; beets, $1
sack; Brussels sprouts, 10c pound;
bell peppers, 10c; cabbage, lc; red,
2c; carrots, 75c@$l sack; cauliflow
er, $2.25(a2.50 crate; celery, 40@60c
dozen; California Golden Heart, 75c;
dozen; $3.75 crate; cucumbers, Los
Angeles hothouse, $1 dozen; local hot
house, 75c(g51.25; chestnuts, B@loc
pound; eggplant, 7@Bc; garlic, 8@
10c; horseradish, 8@10c; lettuce,
head, hothouse, 75c box; California,
$2 case; onions, California, 90c@$l
sack; Fanno, $1.25; parsley, 30c doz
en; potatoes, local, on track, $10@ll
ton; Yakima, $11.50@12; sweet, Cal
ifornia, 2J@2Jc pound; squash, Hub
bard, l@l|c pound; turnips, new, $1
@1.25 sack; walnuts 17fcgl8c pound.
PARCELS POST IS POPULAR
Department Stores and Wholesale
Houses Largest Patrons.
Portland — Millinery in boxes as
large as the law allows promises to
cap the list of popular eligibles under
the new parcel post law, but Milady j
had better warn Mr. Milliner to be :
sure that the receptacles for thej
aigretted headgear are sufficiently
strong. Otherwise, with all the care
and caution that Uncle Sam's mail
clerks may take the chapeaux are like
ly to issue from their parcel post jour
neys bedraggled or smashed.
This is the warning that postal offi
cials in Portland are sending out after
the second day's wrestle with the in
novation, when the local office almost
became swamped with the rush of bus
The fact is that the Portland post
office on the second day of parcel post
traffic found itself extending its quar
ters almost into the streets in order to
take care of the business, which, it is
conjectured, is only a hint at the busi
ness to follow. The dozen sacks of
parcels received from out of town
points and the 25 sacks which were
mailed in Portland fairly flooded the
section set apart in the local office and
a big overflow encroached on other de
partments. The indication is that an
additional near-by building will be
needed to handle the business inside of
a few weeks when the traffic is reg
ular and established.
Somewhat to stem the rush the
authorities have asked that special de
livery stamps not be placed on the
parcels for a time, or until the service
is thoroughly organized to deliver hur
riedly. All special stamps on parcel
mail will be ignored for the present.
One thing is plainly certain: The
big department stores, the mail-order
houses and the wholesale houses are
going to take liberal advantage of the
service. One department store mailed
more than 150 packages. Another
sent about 100 and a third mailed
more than 50. Most of them were
sent to nearby towns.
As the government restricts only
such articles as always have been un
mailable from passing through the
parcel post office, almost every legiti
mate article of commerce already has
been sent. The favorite commodity is
millinery and the department stores
are the senders.
The postoffice attaches fear that the
millinery vendors use too fragile a ma
terial in packing. All packages are
placed in pouches and sealed the same
as regular mail. They are loaded onto
wagons, sacks upon one another and
packages in the sacks underneath, un
less they are securely packed, are apt
to become broken. Such things as
millinery and eggs should be well
protected, therefore, advise postal
It is a common thing to mail eggs,
now that the parcel post has been
established. Eggs are not considered
freak shipments. In fact, a regular
traffic in eggs is expected. Enter
prising farmers near Portland are
striving already to build up a regular
trade with customers in the city, send
ing eggs and other farm products
through the mail. A new field has
been opened to inventors. They are
trying now to devise a light, strong
box of aluminum or other material,
especially for mailing eggs.
Ordinary perishable goods such as
fruit, vegetables, fish and meat can be
sent by parcel post within the zone of
origin, or a radius of about 50 miles.
A man in Eastern Oregon had five
pounds of beefsteak sent from the
butcher shop in a nearby village to
his home by parcel post. f
Give Assurance of Peace.
Washington, D. C. —Senor Pedro
Lascurain, Mexican minister of fore
ign affairs and personal representative
of President Madero, came to Wash
ington Friday to tell again to Presi
dent Taft and Secretary Knox the
story of his government's struggle
with rebellions, to reassure them of
its ability to protect American lives
and property everywhere in that re
public, and, incidentally, it was whis
pered, to find if there were any truth
in recent reports that intervention^
the United States was not merely a
threat but an alarming possibility.
Seven-Story Building Bvrns.
Cincinnati —The Carlisle building, a
seven-story stone structure at the
southwest corner of Fourth avenue and
Walnut streets, was almost destroyed
by fire, entailing a loss estimated at
$250,000. The building is the center
of Cincinnati's commercial district,
within several hundred feet of the
Gibson House, which was burned sev
eral weeks ago. For a while the Sin
ter hotel, on the west side of the
building, was threatened, but escaped
damage when the fire was confined to
the Carlisle building.
Food Stores Discussed.
Philadelphia—As a means of reduc
ing the cost of living, a system of co
operative stores for the sale of pro
visions was discussed by the House
keepers' League here. Mrs. William
B. Derr, who conducted the crusade
for cheap eggs, presided. She said
she had countless offers from produc
ers in all parts of the East to supply
provisions at rates that would mean a
considerable lessening of prices, "if
the business is properly managed."
Tacoma's Balance Less.
Tacoma, Wash.—The City of Ta
coma has on hand to start 1913 more
than $1,000,000 less than it possessed
at the opening of 1912, according to
the report of Controller Meads. The
large amounts paid •> out on the new
light and water plants, and the falling
off in tax collections of about 6 per
cent are principally responsible.
1 WASHINGTON STATE JgJOTES
NORWEGIAN COMES TO STUDY
Professor Friman Hjeltness Will
Be Student at Pullman.
Pullman—The fame of the "Winter
School for Farmers," conducted by
the agricultural department &f Wash
ington State college, is spreading.
One man is coming all the way from
Norway to attend the term which
opened Monday, and hopes to learn
something that will be of use to the
agriculturists of his native land. He
is Professor Friman Hjeltness, super
intendent of a farm school being con
ducted by the government of Norway.
Professor Hjeltness has written that
he wishes to enroll as a student-in the
winter school to study agriculture as
taught here. He will be here for the
entire term of six weeks.
This is the first time that Norway
has been represented at the winter
school, but men have come direct from
Scotland, England, Wales and British
Columbia to take the short winter
courses for farmers and to study hor
ticulture under the professor of that
department in the State college.
RED TAPE AMONG RANCHERS
Desire Laws Simplifying Formation
of Drainage Districts.
North Yakima—The people of the
Yakima valley want laws permitting
the formation of drainage districts
without the red tape and rigid re
quirements of the present statutes.
To discuss new legislation along that
line a meeting was held in the office of
Senator-Elect W. H. Wende of county
and federal officials, attorneys and
Active in the work is Walter W.
Weir, United States drainage engi
neer in charge of Washington, North
ern Oregon and Idaho. He has given
close application to an analysis of the
difficultes encountered in those dis
tricts where drainage work is now be
ing carried on, and is familiar with
the suggestions that have been made
for a new drainage code.
CUPID BRINGS CLARK CASH
Wedding of 677 Couples Nets Coun
ty and Preachers $6000.
Vancouver — During 1912, 677
couples secured licenses in Clark coun
ty and nearly all were married here.
Estimating that each couple paid the
ministers of this city $5 for perform
ing the ceremony, the cloth was made
about $3000 richer. The justices of
the peace married quite a number and
Judge Donald McMaster also officiated
The sum of $2708 was paid to the
county auditor for the'marriage licen
ses and the county clerk collected $677
of this amount for recording fees, also
paid to the county, indirectly. So
happy people paid in this county for
being married the snug sum of ap
City May Generate Power.
Walla Walla —"Abundant electrical
power can be generated with the wa
ter running through the pipe line if it
is extended three and a half miles
from the headworks to the Wenaha re
serve line," said Mayor A. J. Gillis on
his return from a trip over the pro
posed line with Ray Fulcher, an engi
neer, who will submit in a few days a
preliminary report on the extension of
He will give an idea of the cost in a
detailed report and some estimate of
the cost of the extension of a reser
voir and of the cost of a municipal
electric plant. The question of a
power plant will be settled later, the
object now being to prevent the water
This Girl Is Never Late.
Davenport—To Miss Iva Finney, a
junior in the Odessa high school, was
issued the thirtieth certifictae of punc
tuality that she has received from the
county superintendent's office, which
shows that she has not been tardy
nor missed a day of school for nearly
Certificates of punctuality being
mailed out by Deputy Superintend
ent R. E. Kuhlman show pupils
in 12 different districts of the 151
to have clean records for the last
Fourteen Students Suspended.
University of Washington — Four
teen students were suspended from
college for poor work last month. One
senior law and one junior in arts and
sciences are numbered among the un
lucky. Forty-three were placed on
probation and 375 were conditioned in
one or more subjects.
If a student does not pass in half his
work he is placed on probation, and if
for the next semester he does not do
satisfactory work in all of his hours,
he is released from college and not al
lowed to re-register for another year.
WiU 13th Be Hoodoo?
Olympia—Members of the Washing
ton legislature are wondering if the
13th session, which begins here on
the 13th day of January 1913, will be
subject to the "13" hoodoo. The un
usual conglomeration of unlucky num
bers is considered an exceedingly pe
culiar coincidence and is causing no
litle comment among legislators who
have important measures to come be
fore the session.
THANKFUL FOR PUNISHMENT i
Girls at State Training School Ap- 1
predate Treatment. |,
Walla Walla— At least two of the i
children sent from Walla Walla to the (
state training school at Chehahs are,.
thankful for the punishment, as let- !,
ters received by Superior Court Judge ,
T H Brents, the committing judge, j
indicate. Judge Brents would not
give out the names, but he made pub- \
lie the letters. After wishing him i
the compliments of the season, one
»I a m not in the least sorry I was
sent over here. I realize it is for my
own good. You don't know how thank
ful lam to you for it. I intend by
the grace and help of God to be a bet
ter girl from now and evermore."
She closed by asking Judge Brents
to come over and pay the school a
"I am sure we would all appreciate
it very much if you would grant us
this little favor."
The other girl also invited him to
visit the school and she expressed her
happiness that Judge Brents had
helped her to a. better life.
"I certainly will do what is right
and I am going to finish my education
and become something," she wrote
Judge Brents. "Just think what I
would have been today if you had not
sent me here, and every girl that
comes here should be proud of it, for
this place saves many a girl."
KAISER SENDS ORDERS
FOR WASHINGTON TIMBERS
Aberdeen — Three masts, each 160
feet long and six feet in circumfer
ence, have been ordered from the
Chris Endersen company, owners of a
large shipyard here, by a Hamburg
firm for Kaiser Wilhelm's new yacht.
The sticks are six feet longer than
three ordered some months ago by the
Kaiser for a similar purpose and are
the finest that can be had. They are
made from Gray's Harbor timber. One
is finished. All will be delivered via
Puget Sound, where they will be
shipped for passage.
EXPECT CASH FOR NEW ROAD
Provide Macadam Half Way From
Reardan to Davenport.
Davenport — Action of the newly
organized Eastern Washington Good
Roads association in recommending
tfie expenditure of 15 per cent of the
amount due Eastern Washington from
the accumulated state road fund of
$500,000 at Olympia for state road
work from Reardan west, as a portion
of the east and wesfr trunk line across
thejjstate, has met with favor in Lin
coln county. It is said the amount
rightfully due Eastern Washington
and which should be appropriated by
the incoming legislature is about
$240,000, and should the action of the
new association be followed the pro
posed improvement in Lincoln county
would be beneficiary in an amount of
about $35,000. If this money should
be appropriated by the legislature—
and that action is expected — the
amount of macadam which might be
built would be almost half the distance
between Reardan and Davenport. The
money, however, could be used for
grading alone should the highway de
partment see fit, in which case the
improved stretch would be probably
trebled in distance.
Work for Women Is Urged.
Seattle — The establishment of a
home for working women, with a
factory of some kind in connection,
the object being to provide a home
and employment for women out of
work, is one of the recommendations
made by Chief of Police Bannick in
his annual report submitted to Mayor
Cotterill. The report also recommends
establishing a workhouse where con
victed women may be put to work and
the institution made self-supporting.
Chief Bannick also recommends au
thorizing the appointment of a woman
bailiff in the police court.
Walla Walla Wheat Sold.
Walla Walla — Practically all the
large lots of wheat in the county have
been sold, according to dealers, al
though there are a few still in the
hands of the owners. The largest lot
disposed of recently was the Lyons
wheat, 75,000 bushels, grown near
Tracy. The prices given were 70
cents net for club and as high as 75
cents a bushel for bluestem. This is
the highest price that has been paid
for bluestem wheat since July 15. The
Jones-Scott company secured 125,000
bushels of grain this week.
Importing Cattle to Palouse.
Colfax—Henry Larkin has returned
from Portland. Mr. Larkin is en
gaged in importing cattle and sheep,
whidh are bought by the farmers of
the Palouse country. He plans to bring
in several large shipments within the
next few weeks. Mr. Larkin has im
ported between 600 and 800 head of
stock cattle in the last few weeks and
has orders for 1000 head more.
Extend Summit Valley Phone line.
Dunn — The Summit Valley tele-j
phone line has been extended through <
the valley from Gifford, on the Colum-!
bia river, to Addy, on the Great':
Northern railway, where it has con- 1:
nection with the long distance line. '<
WOMEN MAY BE MEMBERS 1
Army and Navy League* Abandons
Washington, D. C. -Suffragists re
ceived a word of encouragement from
the Army League of the United
States, which has decided that its
membership may include "all citizens
of good repute," both men and women.
The organization, while only recently
•formed, includes in its roll of member
ship such names as Theodore Roose
velt, Granville Dodge, Robert Bacon,
Curtis Guild, William C. Endicott,
August Belmont, Henry A. DuPont
and the adjutants general and promi
nent militia officers of many of the
states. The league is non-political.
Following an announcement that in
the near future a meeting is to be
called to elect permanent officers, a
committee representing the league
issued a circular letter explaining its
aims and objects. The letter says in
"We believe that we should have a
regular army strong enough to meet
the emergencies of the hour and that
back of it engaged in their civic pur
suits should be a sufficient number^of
trained citizens to augment this army
to a force adequate to meet the re
quirements of war with a first-class
power. The Army League desires to
impress upon the people of this coun
try the fact that all citizens have a
certain military as well as civic re
sponsibility and that they should pre
pare themselves as fully as possible to
discharge this responsibility in an
efficient manner. Preparedness is the
best insurance against war. This can
be done only in time of peace.*'
WIRELESS SENDS WORLD
NEW YEAR'S GREETINGS
Washington, D. C—A New Year's
greeting was flashed to all the world
at midnight December 31 from the
Navy department's great wireless
tower at Arlington, Va.
The Arlington operator succeeded
in catching the time signal from the
Eiffel tower, in Paris, a distance of
3900 miles, and the French station
was asked to watch for the New
Year's signal. It was hoped the mes
sage would reach the Clifden station,
in Ireland, as well as the naval sta
tions on the Atlantic and Pacific
Coasts and American warships at sea.
CASTRO RETURNS TO EUROPE
While Officials Deliberate, General
Changes His Mind.
New York — Cipriano Castro, ex
president of Venezuela, seeking
entrance to this country after a long
residence abroad, was taken off the
steamship La Touraine at quarantine
and removed to Ellis island.
While officials were deliberating as
to whether Castro would be allowed to
enter the United States, the Venezue
lan suddenly changed his mind and
Commissioner of Immigration Wil
liams announced that Castro had ex
pressed a desire to return immediately
to Europe. Castro wishes to take a.
German steamer landing at Hamburg
and this permission probably will be
Castro, who is traveling under the
assumed name of Ruiz, acquiesced
when told he must stay at Ellis island.
"If those are the laws of your coun
try, I must comply," was Castro's
His baggage was hastily gathered
and he was taken on board the govern
ment boat Immigrant, which started
immediately for Ellis island.
Russia Is Conserving Oil.
Washington, D. C.—Convinced that
the supply of coal is inadequate and
that oil will be the fuel of the future,
the Russian government is reported by
American Consul General Snodgrass at
Moscow to be making elaborate pre
parations to make ready that country
for the changing conditions.
Millions of acres of rich oil lands
have been withdrawn from private en
terprise, but regulations are being
drawn up which will encourage pri
vate capital to investigate and draw
up the properties under strict govern
Taft Back at His Desk.
Washington, D. C.—Much pleased
by his visit to the Panama canal and
the conditions he found there, Presi
dent Taft returned to the White House
and immediately plunged into the
mass of business and correspondence
that had accumulated during his ab
sence and needed his personal atten
tion. For several hours after reach
ing the executive offices the presi
dent was busy going over business
affairs. He received few visitors
and late in the afternoon he found
time to play golf.
High Court Stirs Strike.
Melbourne, Australia — A general
maritime strike throughout the com
monwealth is likely to take place
shortly. Trouble has been stirred up
owing to the high court's action in
nullifying an award made in favor of
the seamen by Justice Higgins, pres
ident of the Arbitration court. An
effort is being made to settle the dis
pute between the men and the owners
on the basis of the Higgins award,
which the men hope will be done.
Holland Wants Exhibit.
The Hague, Netherlands—The gov
ernment has introduced a bill in par
liament providing for the appropria
tion of $300,000 for the participation
of Holland and the Dutch colonies in
the Panama-Pacific International Ex
position, which will be held in San
Francisco in 1915 to celebrate the
opening of the Panama canal.
California Orange Trees Hung
Lowest Temperatures in 20 Years-
Smudge Pots Avail Little-
Water Kept Running.
Los Angeles — Freezing weather,
such as Southern California has not
experienced in 20 years, swept down
from Tehachapi's top on the great
orange belt of San Bernardino, Ven
tura, Riverside, Los Angeles, Orange
and San Diego counties Sunday.
Damage estimated at many millions
of dollars is being wrought [to citrus
fruits, in spite of desperate efforts of
the growers to check the menace by
smudging. At Covina the mercury
dropped to 22 degrees.
At Santa Ana icicles hung from the
Snow is reported from north of Ox
nard. Sugar beets, bean and grain
crops are suffering also, but the chief
damage is to oranges and lemons.
High winds are blowing at Santa Bar
bara, Redlands and Colton, which it is
hoped will prevent heavy frosting.
Reports from the' Lompoc valley say
the loss to fruits there will be enor
At Santa Barbara the temperature
was below the freezing point all day,
and at 10 p. m. it was 22. At Red
lands, the mercury was 30, and the sky
was black with smudges. At Whit
tier several hundred thousand young
orange trees are exposed to the ele
ments, and the owners fear a total
For the most part the- sudden drop,
despite the United States weather bu
reau's warning, was totally unexpect
ed by the people, andjnot- more than a
tenth of the growers, it is reported,
The temperature stood at 18 degrees
at Riversjde at |10 o'clock. Prayers
were offered in the churches for the
saving of the citrus groves.
The local weather forecasts say the
temperature is lower than it has been
in 20 years. Fro.m all the orange pro
ducing points the most depressing re
ports are received. At Riverside,
which has laid claim [to being in the
frostless belt, nothing short of a mir
acle can save the crop.
In San Gabriel, another highly-fa
vored section, the thermometer regis
tered 24 degrees at midnight, and
growers were turning the irrigation
water pipes open in the hope of reduc
ing the fast lowering temperature.
Not over ten per cent of the ranchers
are prepared with smudging pots, and
even if all were, little good could be
done, as a difference of only six to
eight degrees can be made by that
It Colton, another section which has
been hitherto immune from the devas
tation of frost, the water pipes were
frozen, and though growers were
making heroic efforts to save their
crops, little hope is entertained that
great damage can be averted.
Sacramento recorded the lowest
temperature of 15 years.
COLD GRIPS ENTIRE COUNTRY
Coldest Reported Is 24 Below; Win
ter wheat Menaced.
Chicago—Winter, as the term is un
derstood in the Great Lakes region,
already more than three months over
due, made another and more successful
attempt Sunday and Monday to fasten
itself upon the Middle West. The
deadly cold, originating in Western
Canada, where 16 degrees below zero
prevails at many points, is spreading
rapidly over the country. It reached
Chicago in the form of a snow storm,
which later turned to rain and still
later to heavy sleet, with continued
falling of the temperature.
The intense cold has not yet arrived
in Chicago, but government forecast
ers say it will be here soon and re
main a long time.
Wisconsin, Minnesota, lowa and all
Northwestern states report below zero
weather and growing colder.
Girls Eat No Chicken.
Colorado Springs, Colo. —By going
without chicken at their Sunday din
ners, by washing hair at 25 cents a
head, cleaning rooms and other menial
tasks, the 200 girls of the four dorm
itories of Colorado college have raised
$9300 toward a $50,000 endowment
fund to obtain $100,000 offered for a
gymnasium by Mrs. A. D. Julliard, of
New York City. As E. P. Shove, a
retired business man here, has offered
to give a dollar for each one they raise,
the girls now have secured $18,600
and declare they will raise he rest.
Copy of Will Offered.
San Francisco—Caroline A. Kamm,
widow of Jacob Kamm, late million
aire steamboat owner of the Columbia
river and Sound districts, has peti
tioned for ancillary probate of a copy
of the Kamm will. The original will
has already been probated in the Port
land, Or., jurisdiction. About $100,
--000 is on deposit in various banks in
San Francisco and to get this the
proof of the will is necessary in this
Laborers Share in Estate.'
San Francisco — Sixteen laborers,
who have worked from two to 20 years
for the Henry Cowell Lime & Cement
company, received . Saturday sums
varying from $500 to $1000 from the
estate of the late E. V. Cowell.
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