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The San Juan islander. (Friday Harbor, Wash.) 1898-1914, January 24, 1913, Image 2

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NEWS NOTES OF
CURRENT WEEK
Resume of World's Important
Events Told in Briet
The directors of the Home telephone
company of Portland, Or., refuse to
sell their plant to the municipality.
Thousands of Orangemen and Un
ionists held demonstrations^ in Belfast
and burned a copy of the home rule
bill.
The English house of commons
passed the home rule bill and the
house of lords passed it on first read
ing.
A railroad clerk in St. Louis forgot
an appointment to meet an attorney to
claim his half of a $125,000 estate left
by his father.
The board of directors of the South
ern Pacific Railroad of Mexico have
resigned as a step in the dissolution of
the railroad merger.
Mrs. Warren S. Thummel, Pro
gressive delegate to the national con
vention last fall, died on her way to
Honolulu on a vacation trip.
A Georgia, man has written to Post
master General Hitchcock asking for
full instructions regarding the send
ing of babies by parcels post.
The'fortifications bill in congress
proposes to limit the price of powder
for big guns, which is taken as a di
rect blow at the powder trust.
A delegation of Minnesota Indians
will visit the president to inquire
about money alleged to be due them
and which they claim is being with
held.
More than 200,000 workers of dif
ferent trades are on strike in New
York City. The writers on Jewish
newspapers are the latest addition to
their ranks.
A Portland councilman avers that
wayward youths should have their
heads knocked off, to keep them from
becoming drug fiends and drunkards at
the age of 18.
Because he married beneath his sta
tion, the Grand Duke Michael, of Rus
sia, has been stripped of his rank by
his brother, the czar, and all his prop
erty placed in the hands of a guard
ian.
News that the Elks lodge of Roches
ter, New York, had abandoned plans
for the grand lodge of 1913 have led
the Portland, Or., lodge to take steps
to secure the convention a second
time.
The railway merger begins its disso
lution by electing new directors for
the Southern Pacific.
Wilson says he will form his cabi
net from the progressive element of
the Democratic party.
President Taft has abandoned his
plan for a world peace tour and will
take up his duties as profsesor of law
at Yale.
The Treasury department plans a re
organization of the customs service,
under which many employes will be
dispensed with.
SEATTLE MARKETS
Wheat—Bluestem, 88c bushel; for
ty-fold, 84c; club, 83c; Fife, 80c;
red Russian, 81c.
Oats—s26 per ton.
Barley—s26 er ton.
Yellow corn—Sacked, $29 per ton;
mixed, sacked, $28.50.
Millstuffs — Bran, $24 per ton;
shorts, $27; middlings, $34; alfalfa,
meal, $22; oil meal, $40; scratch,
$38.
Hay—Eastern Washington timothy,
$19(a20 per ton; wheat hay, $18; al
falfa, $13(ff14; mixed hay, $17@18;
straw, $9(ul0.
The following prices are offered to
the producer by the local dealers for
delivery in round lots, f. o. b. Seattle:
Eggs—Select ranch, 30c dozen.
Poultry—Live hens, 13@16c pound;
old roosters, 10c; this year's chickens,
16(rtl8c ducklings, 18c; squabs, $3
per doz.; guinea fowl, live, $7@9
dozen.
Ranch butter— 32@33c pound.
Fresh Fruits—Apples, new, 50c@
$1.50 box; cranberries, $11(311.50
barrel; pears, fancy Eastern Wash
ington, $1.50@1.75 box; pineapples,
$5 crate; pomegranates, $1.75(g2
box; honey, new, $3.50@3.75 case.
Dressed beef—Prime beef steers,
12(«12Jc pound; dressed cows, 11 Jc;
heifers, Nos. 1 and 2, 12c
Dressed veal—l4c pound.
Dressed pork—l2c pound.
Dressed mutton —Ewes, 10c"pound;
wethers, lie; spring lamb, 12@12Jc.
Vegetables — Almonds, 18@19c
pound; artichokes, $1.50<g1.60 doz
en; beets, $1 sack; bell peppers, 10c
pound; Brussels sprouts, 10c; cab
bage, ljc; carrots, 75c@$l sack;
cauliflower, $2.50 crate; eggplant, 7
<ffßc pound; garlic, 8<al0c; horse
radish, B@9c; lettuce, head, hothouse
$1@1.25 box; California, $2.50 case;
onions, California, $1(51.20 sack':
Fanno, $1.50; green, 30c dozen; Ore
gon, $1.25 sack; parsley, 30c dozen;
potatoes, on track, $11@14 ton;
sweet, California, 2J@3Jc pound;
Hubbard squash, $1.75(a2; tomatoes,
fancy, 4-basket, $1.50 box; Mexican
lugs, $2.50; 4-basket, $2; hothouse,
$1.25@2 box; turnips, new, $I@l 25
sack; yellow, $1.25; walnuts, 17i@
18c pound.
COAL MINING COSTS LIVES.
One Miner Killed for Every 183,000
Tons Produced.
Washngton, D. C—One miner's life
is snuffed out with every 183,000 tons
of coal mined in the United States.
In 1907, when the Federal bureau of
mines was beginning its work, this
ratio was greater. Then one life was
given with every 144,000 tons. Dr.
Joseph A. Holmes, director of the
United States bureau of mines, in his
annual report to Secretary Fisher, at
tributes the decrease in mortality to
the Federal government's work in the
mining fields, and points out how the
enormous death list may be still fur
ther reduced.
The death rate in the metal mines
of the country is nearly as high, he
declares, as in the coal fields, averag
ing more that three men per thousand
employed; the death rate in the quar
ries is larger than it should be, aver
aging far more than that in foreign
countries; and the same is true in
metallurgical plants. He recommends,
therefore, that money be given the
bureau to carry its mine-accident in
vestigation into these other fields in
larger measure than the limited ap
propriations so far granted have al
lowed.
The enormous annual loss in mining
and preparing coal for market, the
huge waste of natural gas, as well as
lack of efficiency and waste in the
metal mining industries, are men
tioned by Dr. Holmes. This extrava
gance of natural resources, he asserts,
should be checked.
"Pioneer educational work, tempor
ary in character," is the way in which
the director refers to the mine rescue
and first-aid work among the more
than 700,000 miners in the 15,000
mines of the country. Ultimately this
must be taken care of, he says, by the
coal mining companies through the
training and organization of miners at
each of the larger mines or groups of
mines. He says that already several
companies maintain rescue stations at
their own expense. The chief purpose
of the bureau of mines is to train
miners in first aid, mine rescue and
fire-fighting methods; and he "adds
that "during the year more than 30,
--000 miners have attended the lectures
and demonstrations given from the
mine-safety cars; more than 1000 ad
ditional miners received training suffi
cient to enable them to participate in
actual mine rescue work and more
than twice that number have been
added to the list of miners trained in
first-aid practice."
Health conditions in and about
mines should be investigated, in the
opinion of Dr. Holmes. Preliminary
inquiries, he says, "have indicated the
prevalence of tuberculosis and the
presence of hookworm as miners' dis
eases in several different localities in
the United States. It is important
that this work should be extended rap
idly, because of the .fact that the
health conditions as well as the risk of
accidents, may be influenced by con
ditions susceptible of easy improve
ment.
"The large and continual influx of
foreigners into the mining regions of
the United States may bring to an in
creasing extent the hookworm and
other diseases that exist in mines in
parts of certain European countries.
Various questions that concern the
health of workers in mines, quarries
and metallurgical plants cannot be an
swered finally without investigations
and inquiries that are national in
scope. Among such questions are the
most efficient methods of preventing
the diseases peculiar to mining and
metallurgical industries, and the most
effective sanitary precautions to be
observed in and about mines and in
the various metallurgical occupa
tions."
The director dwells upon the neces
sity of trying to prevent explosions
rather than check them after they are
started. In this connection he calls
attention to the fact that there has
been a "revolution in the use of explo
sives in coal mining," and the work of
the bureau "in investigating explo
sives has alone a value far greater
than the entire cost of maintaining
the bureau since its establishment."
Plans* to Raise Wages.
Washington, D. C. — The metal
schedule of the traiff law again was
under fire before the house committee
on ways and means. Several steel
manufacturing interests contended for
retention of the present duties. S. P.
Ker, president of the Sharon, Pa.,
Steel Hoop company, advocated chang
es in the phraseology of the law to
prevent importers from taking advan
tage of its terms. Mr. Ker told of
plans now under way to advance the
wages of its common laborers, artisans
and mechanics 10 per cent February 1.
Archbald to Resume Law.
Philadelphia—Ex-Judge Archbald,
who was stripped of his office as Dis
trict court judge of the United States
by the United States senate, left for
his home in Scranton, Pa. The ex
judge declined to be interviewed, but
his son spoke for him. "My father's
conscience is clear. He is going home
to practice law. My father has been
a courteous, diligent and good judge.
Perhaps his kindness of heart accounts
for many of his difficulties."
Indian Inquiry Advised.
Washington, D. C.—An investiga
tion of the affairs of the Crow Indians
of Montana by the Department of jus
tice will be recommended to the senate
by the senate committee on Indian
affairs. Secretary of the Interior
Fisher said he would furnish any
records or assistance necessary to the
investigation.
SUE FOR LAND
AND OIL TAKEN
Government Will Try to Re
cover Many Millions.
California Oil Companies and In
dividuals Object to Attack-
Lands Are Beld Illegally.
Washinton, D. C. — A suit which
will test the title of hundreds of thou
sands of acres of oil lands in the West,
with values running into the millions,
will be filed at Los Angeles, Cal., by
the Federal government in a few days.
Assistant Attorney-General Knaebel
instructed United States Attorney Mc-
Cormick at Los Angeles to begin pro
ceedings against all claimants to 160
acres of oil lands in Southern Califor
nia, said to be worth $5000 an acre.
Other suits will follow, all of them
RAYMOND POINCARE, NEWLY-ELECTED FRENCH PRESIDENT
testing the legality of the extensive
oil land withdrawal made by President
Taft, September 27, 1909, when ques
tions were raised as to the president's
power to make the withdrawal.
Not only will the government ask
the court to declare valid its title to
the land, but it also will seek recover
ies for all the oil which is said to have
been withdrawn, the exact quantity of
which must be developed by the suit.
The proceedings in Los Angeles, it is
understood, will be directed against
all those who have claimed or still
claim title to the land, those who have
extracted the oil and those who have
purchased it.
The Interior department has refused
to grant patents on any of the lands.
There are said to be many conflicting
claims among the persons who base
their contentions upon placer mining
locations.
An agreement, the terms of which
are said to be secret, is declared to
have been entered into in May, 1911,
purporting to settle the conflicting
claims by which the Maricopa North
ern Oil company, National Pacific Oil
company, Midway Northern Oil com
pany received full possession of the
whole tract, a quarter section of land
in Kern county, California, with rights
to develop the land and extract the
oil. These companies are said to be
in possession of the land.
Large quantities of oil are alleged
to have been sold or otherwise distrib
uted to the Standard Oil company and
Tarr & McComb, Inc.
The claims to the lands are illegal
and the extraction of the oil was
wrong, according to the government.
WANTS NO LIMIT TO WEALTH
Banker Schiff Declares Laws of Na-
ture Are Sufficient.
Washington, D. C. —Liberty of in
dividuals to concentrate money and
power to the limit of their ability was
advocated before the house money
trust investigation committee by
Jacob H. Schiff, of the firm of Kuhn,
Loeb & Co.
Mr. Schiff declared individuals
should be allowed to exert their ut-
Farm Bill Moves Ahead.
Washington, D. C. — The Lever-
Smith agricultural extension bill,
which already has passed the house
and received the approval of the sen
ate committee on agriculture, was
taken up for consideration by the sen
ate. The measure got through the
first parliamentary stages, when it
was withdrawn by Senator Hoke
Smith that the senate might go into
executive session. Senator Page, of
Vermont, who drafted the vocational
education bill, offered his measure as
a substitute for the bill.
Captives Burned Alive.
Lisbon, Portugal—An insurrection
has broken out in Angola, Portuguesse
West Africa, and dispatches received
relate that the natives have committed
many atrocities. They raided settle
ments, killing the inhabitants and pil
laging property. Several European
women were carried off by the insurg
ents and four men captives were burn
ed alive. The governor of the col
ony has sent an expedition to suppress
the insurrection.
most efforts to concentrate fortunes
and power until the laws of nature
caused the attempted monopoly to
"fall of its own weight." He op
oosed however, concentration through
Corporation and holding companies.
He would not say whether concentra
tion had yet reached the point where
it was dangerous.
Before the same committee appeared
George W. Reynolds, president of the
Continental & Commercial National
bank, of Chicago, who said he knew of
the "trend toward concentration of
money credits," and that he thought
it a dangerous thing.
"I am opposed to the concentration
of any sort of power," he said. "I
believe that concentration to the point
it has already gone is a menace. In
saying that Ido not wish to sit in
judgment on the men who hold the
power."
Mr. Reynolds said he was opposed to
the principle of interlocking directors.
Mr. Schiff took the view that depos
itors in banks were protected suffi
ciently under the present law, if
administered by and kept up to the
teachings of experience." He thought
there was no objection to one bank
selling securities to another bank
which it owned, because, "prudence"
would prevent officers of a bank from
accepting too much doubtful security,
and that no further law was neces
sary.
"Too much law," he said, "can
crush the life out of a bank."
"I believe in individual freedom,"
he said. "If an individual goes too
far, the laws of nature would inter
fere. The first great attempt at mon
opoly was the tower of Babel. That
fell of its own weight. Every indi
vidual monopoly would do the same
when it reached that point."
"Have you ever thought what would
happen while such a monopoly was
growing and whent it had fallen of its
own weight?"
"No, I never thought of that," an
swered Mr. Schiff.
FRANCE ELECTS NEW RULER
Poincare Is Chosen After Stormy
Session by Assembly.
Versailles, France—Raymond Nich
olas Landry Poincare, for the last 12
months premier of the French cabinet,
was elected president of the Republic
of France, by the national assembly,
composed of the members of both
chambers of parliament, to succeed
President Armand Fallieres, whose
seven-year term expires February 18.
Great confusion, out of which arose
two challenges to duels, marked the
casting of the ballots.
Premier Poincare's selection for the
presidency of France, although made
by parliament, as required by the con
stitution, is regarded as representing
as well the popular will of the nation.
Jules Pams, minister of agriculture,
was Poincare's nearest competitor.
The final ballot stood: Raymond
Poincare, 483; Jules Pams, 296; Ma
rie Edouard Valliant, 69.
Poincare's first words on receiving
notification of his election were: "I
shall try to show myself worthy of the
confidence of the national assembly. I
shall forget without effort the strug
gles of yesterday and even the in
juries. Be convinced that I shall seek
in everything and at all times to be an
impartial administrator."
Castro Applies for Bail.
New York—Another application for
the release of Cipriano Castro under
bonds pending final decision as to his
right to enter the United States was
made recently before the Federal dis
trict court. The renewal of this mo
tion was made because the Venezuelan
case is now before the Department of
commerce and labor on an appeal from
the decision of the local immigration
authorities ordering his deportation.
Federal Judge Holt reserved decision.
It is believed Castro intends to fight
his case indefinitely.
Cruelty Bar to Marriage.
Sacramento—"lf a man beats one
wife he shall never have another," if
Senator Hans, of Fruitvale, has his
way. Senator Hana introduced a bill
in the state legislature providing that
when a man is divorced for cruelty
and it is shown that he kicked, beat,
struck, whipped or otherwise by force
treated his wife cruelly, the judge
shall adjudge him a wife-beater and
he shall be prohibited from remarry
ing in this state. j
NEWS OF LAWMAKERS AT OLYMPIA
A Brief Resume of Proceedings of the People's Representatives
at the State Capital, Bills Introduced, Passed, Rejected, Etc.
PROGRESSIVES ARE "IN BAD"
All Patronage Divided Among Re
publicans and Democrats.
Olympia — The Republican-Demo
cratic combine, which has run so
effectively the house of representa
tives here since the 13th session of
the legislature began, handed two
more stiff solar plexus jolts to the
Progressives by gobbling up all the
house patronage and important com
mittee assignments. Progressives got
what was left, which consisted of a
few unimportant committee chairman
ships and no patronage.
Everywhere the Bull Moosers signed
petitions asking for the appointment
of certain committee clerks or other
help of their choice, they were en
tirely ignored. In Spokane county,
where seven out of eight of the house
delegation asked for the appointment
of a young man of their district as
committee clerk, the request was not
considered because the delegation
members were Progressives.
In the committee assignments made
by Speaker Taylor, Bull Moosers with
28 representatives in the house got
eight unimportant chairmanships. Re
publicans, with 50 members, got 38
chairmanships, including all the more
important ones. Democrats, with 18
members, got 11 chairmanships. This
line-up brought much dissatisfaction
in Progressive circles.
The house employes were selected
by a patronage committee appointed
by Speaker Taylor. When the names
were read and it dawned on the Pro
gressives that they had been entirely
ignored, they stormed the house with
protests, which were only hushed when
Speaker Taylor told them they could
not expect consideration, because
"they were on the wrong side of the
fence."
Representative Neumann, of Spo
kane, a Progressive, protested when
the names of employes were read and
the choice of his delegation was not
among them.
"Why is it," asked Neumann, "that
when our entire delegation asks for
the appointment of one committee
clerk out of about 20 the request is
ignored?"
Representative Sims, a member of
the committee, answered that the ma
jority rules in the legislature and that
the candidate offered by Spokane
county was not with the majority.
"Is it for political reasons?" asked
Representative Earle, of King county.
"There's no use beating around the
bush about this," interrupted Speaker
Taylor. "I will tell you right out that
you are on the wrong side of the fence.
That's clear, isn't it?"
That stopped the debate and the re
port of the committee was adopted
with only Bull Moosers voting against.
There are only two women employes
in the number.
The house passed by unanimous vote
a joint memorial asking President
elect Wilson to appoint a Northwest
ern man secretary of the interior. The
memorial asks that a man be appoint
ed who has lived in this section long
enough to be acquainted with condi
tions. The same resolutions was
passed by the senate.
Following a joint session, the senate
entered upon a discussion of the posi
tion of state printer, and the house
was declared by Speaker Taylor to be
ready for the introduction of bills.
The announcement brought a shower
of 17 bills, for the most part of a
freakish or radical nature. Included
in the list were the following:
A bill repealing an act to require
Superior Court judges to wear gowns,
introduced by Representative Cham
berlin.
A bill providing a pension for school
teachers who have served 30 years or
more, introduced by Representative
Norton.
A bill prohibiting a holder of a pub
lic office from campaigning for another
office, introduced by Representative
Wray.
A bill known as a "home rule" bill,
giving cities the right to create re
stricted districts if desired, introduced
by Representative Gray, of Spokane.
A bill to require collection agencies
to furnish $5000 bond to the state.
A bill making it impossible for
aliens who cannot become citizens of
the United States to own land in
Washington.
The first bill to be introduced was a
women's minimum wage measure, by
Mrs. N. Jolin Croake, of Tacoma.
A bill was introduced by Represent
ative Halsey providing for an appropri
ation for the purchase of the Wash
ington half of the Snake River bridge
at Lewiston.
By unanimous vote the house cre
ated two standing committees, one on
industrial insurance and the other on
township organization.
Lister Is Inaugurated.
Olympia—Amid applause from thou
sands of people from various parts of
the state, including members of both
branches of the legislature, Ernest
Lister, of Tacoma, was inaugurated
governor of Washington. The change
in administration from Republican to
Democratic was heralded by lively ju
bilation. The inaugural ceremony was
most simple. People began to pour
into the city, from every direction
early in the morning to attend the
inaugural ceremony.
STATE LEGISLATURE OPENj
Tacoma Woman First to Speak oi
Floor of House.
Olympia—Republicans and Demo.
crats went down the line together
Monday at the opening of the I3t),
session of the Washington legislature,
electing their full caucus slate and
organizing both branches according to
their own desires.
Progressives, with a slate of their
own, contested every inch of the way,
but could not muster up enough votej
to carry out a single caucus scheme.
They held together almost to a unit,
and upon a few issues mustered u»
straggling Republican and Democratic
votes.
jHoward D. Taylor, of King county,
was re-elected speaker of the house,
and Pliny L. Allen, also of King couj.
ty, was elected president pro tern of
the senate. William T. Laube wai
re-elected secretary of the senate, and
W. R. Mayberry, chief clerk of the
house.
The task of organizing the senatt
was comparatively easy, the only real
opposition being on the position of
president pro tern. The majority of
other appointments were made by ac
clamation. In the house, on the con
trary, there was trouble from the
start.
Speaker Taylor was nominated by
E. E. Halsey, of Asotin county, and
the nomination was seconded by half a
dozen Republicans and Democrats.
Thomas J. Corkery, Progressive, of
Spokane county, was nominated by
D. H. Rowland, of Pierce county, and
the nomination seconded by Mrs. N.
Jolidon Croake, of Tacoma.
Mrs. Croake secured the honor of
being the first woman ever to speak
on the floor of the house as a member.
She declared that Mr. Corkery was
the proper man for the speakership,
and urged all to support him. C. W,
Masterson nominated Senator C. E.
Turnbow, of Walla Walla.
The vote for speaker was: Taylor,
60; Corkery, 28; Turnbow, 2. De
feated in the first skirmish, the Bull
Moosers lined *up for a contest on the
chief clerkship, and in the fight that
followed made their best showing of
the day. They nominated W. W.
Phi Hips, and the Republicans and
Democrats got behind Mr. Mayberry.
The vote was tied on three ballots.
On the fourth Mayberry won by two
votes. William Price, of Kittitas
county, was elected sergeant-at-arms.
The senate session was opened by
William Laube and the new members
were sworn in by Chief Justice Crow.
With the opening of nominations for
president pro tern, Senator Josiah
Collins, of King county, got the floor
and nominated Senator Allen. A doz
en or more arose to second the nomi
nation. * Senator George Shefer, of
Spokane, nominated R. A. Hutchin
son, a Progressive of Spokane, and
seconds were made by several from
various parts of the state. The vote
stood 7 to 13 in favor of Senator Al
len. Upon motion of Senator Hutch
inson it was made unanimous.
Mr. Allen, upon being escorted to
the front by a committee, made a
short speech, in which he urged the
senate to. forget party lines and work
for the best interests of the state. He
urged the elimination of personalities
during the session.
Mr. Laube was re-elected secretary
by acclamation after he was nominat
ed by F. C. Jackson, of King county.
John D. Logan was appointed ser
geant-at-arms and Edward Jorgeson
bill clerk.
The first woman to be given the po
sition of postmistress in the senate in
the history of that body was Mrs.
Rose McCrosky, of Palouse, who was
elected postmistress by acclamation.
George U. Piper, of King county,
introduced the first bill in the senate,
a bill calling for a $90,000 appropri
ation for the expense of the legisla
ture during the session. The bill was
read and referred to the committee of
the whole into which the senate re
solved itself. It was indorsed and
sent back to the senate and passed
with only two dissenting votes. It
went to the house and was passed by
unanimous vote.
Begin Fourth of July Plans.
Walla Walla—Though winter is just
getting well started here agitation for
a 4th of July celebration is on. J. £
Hawkins is the early worm this year,
as hew as last year when a successful
two-days' celebration was held. This
year it is Mr. Hawkins' idea to pet
the money pledged and raised early,
and then about May 1 the committee
are to get busy. The two months for
the committees will not be too much,
he believes. Mr. Hawkins is agitat
ing the celebration and a meeting of
some kind will probably be called soon.
Reclamation Men on Skees.
North Yakima—Snow is 6 feet deep
at the camp of the United States rec
lamation service at the dam at Bump
ing lake, and is 22 feet deep on the
summit of the Cascades in Naches
pass and Bear gap, according to a re
port made by Jack Nelson, watchman
for the reclamation service at Bump
ing lake. All travel there is on skees,
as the snow is too light for snowshoes.
Good Ice Crop at Elberton.
Elberton — The ice harvest is the
best it has been for years. The ice is
between 10 and 12 inches thick. J-
M. Bodine has a contract for 15 cars
and is shipping to Endicott, Garfield.
LaCrosse and Washtucna.

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