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The San Juan islander. (Friday Harbor, Wash.) 1898-1914, February 14, 1913, Image 2

Image and text provided by Washington State Library; Olympia, WA

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88085190/1913-02-14/ed-1/seq-2/

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Resume of World's Important
Events Told in Brief.
Turks are vsteadily losing in their
battles with the Bulgarian forces.
The Mexican consul to El Paso, Tex.
is accused of violating neutrality laws.
The increasing price of crude oil
starts a new inquiry into the methods
of oil companies.
Union carpenters threaten to cause
trouble in the preparations for the
coming inaugural.
U. S. senators are disposed to let
the incoming president have a hand in
settling the Panama canal tolls ques
Levi E. Boyd, who crossed the
plains with Dr. Whitman 70 years
ago, is dead at Walla Walla, aged 100
Young Chinese rioters celebrating
New Years in New York City cut off
the queue of a Chinese tory of the old
Officers of the guard at Leaven
worth, Kan., prison, have been or
dered to use bicycles in making their
daily rounds.
A young burglar captured at Med
ford, Or., had a complete set of books
in which he kept a strict account with
all his victims.
The department of justice is report
ed to have approved the plans for the
dissolution of the Union and Southern
Pacific railroad merger.
President-elect Wilson is still un
decided as to what legislation he will
recommend to congress, aside from
the downward revision of the tariff.
The body of the "perfumed burglar"
was found in a marsh near San Quen
tin, Cal., where he had perished from
exposure after making a sensational
escape from prison.
The Portland chamber of commerce
has received a letter from the Chinese
leaders in Canton thanking them for
their efforts in securing recognition of
the new Chinese republic.
The chief clerk of the Portland Pos
tal Savings bank says most of the de
positors who withdraw their money,
do so to purchase land or small homes,
or to engage in business, and nearly
all save for some definite purpose.
Bulgarians resumed the war against
Turkey by the bombardment of Adri
The.U. S. Supreme court holds that
independent shoe manufacturers have
a right to combine.
Taft advises Bible study, saying all
forceful speakers know the Scriptures.
Three Chicago policemen who tried
to break up a dance to which they
were not invited were thrashed by the
The income tax amendment to the
constitution of the United States has
been ratified by the required number
of states.
Favorable weather conditions are
credited with giving the railroads of
the United States a gain in business
for January of 145 per cent over the
corresponding period last year.
Wheat — Bluesem, 94c per bushel;
forty-fold, 87c; club, 86c; Fife, 86c;
red Russian, 84c;.
Oats—s27 per ton.
Barley—s24 per ton.
Yellow corn—Sacked, $29 per ton;
mixed, corn, sacked, $28.50.
Eggs—Select ranch, 27c per dozen.
Poultry — Live hens, 14(?f 16c per
pound; old roosters, 10c; last year's
chickens, 16@18c; ducklings, 18c;
squabs, $3 per doz; guinea fowl, live,
$9 per dozen.
Ranch butter—2oc per pound.
Apples—New, 75c(<?51.50 per box.
Cranberries—slo(ol2 per barrel.
Grapes—lmported Malagas, $6.25@
7.25 per barrel.
Pears—Fancy Eastern Washington,
$1.50^1.75 per box.
Honey—New, $3.50@3.75 per case.
Dressed beef — Prime steers, 13c
per pound; cows, 12Jc; heifers, Nos.
1 and 2, 12c.
Dressed Veal—l4c per pound.
Dressed Pork—l2Jc per pound.
Dressed mutton — Ewes, lie per
pound.; wethers, 12c; spring lamb,
Vegetables—Almonds, 18@19c per
pound; artichokes, $1.75 per doz.;
beets, $1 per sack; bell peppers, 20@
25c; Brussels sprouts, 10c; cabbage,
$1(51.25 per crate; red, 3c pound;
carrots, 75c(35l per sack; cauliflower,
$2 per crate; celery, California, $1
per dozen; $5@5.50 per crate; cucum
bers, Los Angeles hothouse, $1.50@2
per dozen; eggplant, 25c per pound;
garlic, 8@10c; horseradish, 8@10c;
lettuce, hothouse, $1@1.25 per box;
onions, Fanno, $1.50 per sack; Ore
gon, $1.25; Walla Walla, $1; parsely,
30c per dozen; potatoes, on track, $11
(5;14 per ton; sweets, California, 2J@
3c pound; radishes, California, 30c
per dozen; rhubarb, 7@loc per pound;
squash, Hubbard, $2.50<ff3 per hun
dred; tomatoes, fancy, 6-basket, $3
per crate; turnips, new, $1@1.25 per
sack; yellow, $1.25; walnuts, 17J@
18c per pound.
Pittsburg Physician Gets Fried
mann Cure for Wife.
New York — Hurrying homeward
from abroad with tuberculosis serum
in his possession that he says is the
first of the widely-discussed Fried
mann culture to be brought to this
country, Dr. Austin H. Heid, a phy
sician of Pittsburg, arrived on the
steamship Potsdam from Europe Sat- j
urday, and at once took a train for his
home, where his wife, who is suffer
ing from tuberculosis, awaits the ar-,
rival of what Dr. Heid hopes will be
a cure for her.
Dr. Heid has enough bacilli for one
patient only, he declared. That pa
tient will be his wife.
Dr. Heid was met at quarantine by
Dr. Milton H. Foster, of .the Ellis Is
land health service, and questioned in
behalf of the United States govern-1
ment about the Friedmann cure. Dr.
Heid told Dr. Foster he had been con
vinced of the efficiency of the cure and
had obtained from Dr. Friedmann just
enough to treat one patient suffering
from tuberculosis of the bone.
Dr. Frederich Friedmann, the Ger
man scientist who discovered the ser
um, received an offer of $1,000,000
last mnoth from Charles E. Finlay, a
banker of this city, if he would cure
59 out of 100 patients to be placed un
der his care. The banker's interest
in the serum resulted from the fact
that a relative by marrige suffers with
Separation of Union and Southern
Pacific to Proceed.
New York—Plans for the dissolu
tion of the Union Pacific railroad com
pany and the Southern Pacific com
pany, as decreed by the United States
Supreme court, were officially an
nounced in detail, after a protracted
session of the directors of the two
The terms are said in a statement
issued jointly by the roads to have
the approval of the Department of Jus
tice at Washington and the agreement
now awaits confirmation of the court
in the Federal district where the ac
tion was originally taken by the Rail
road commission of the State of Cali
In accordance with the recent inti
mations, the severance of Union Pa
cific and Southern Pacific results in
Union Pacific's absolute purchase of
Central Pacific, which has been the
bone of contention between the two
principal roads of the Harriman sys
The agreement also provides for the
sale of all the Southern Pacific stock
held by Union Pacific at 98|, with ac
crued dividends, to the stockholders,
common and preferred, of the Union
and Southern Pacific, other than the
Union Pacific and Oregon Short Line.
It is understood that a syndicate has
been formed under the leadership of
Kuhn, Loeb & Co., and their foreign
connections to finance the sale of Un
ion Pacific's holdings of Southern Pa
cific, amounting to $126,650,000.
Turks Lose 5000 In Fight.
London—A Constantinople dispatch
to the Daily News says that heavy
fighting has been going on for two
days in Gallipoli, and that the Bulgar
ians have won all along the line.
The Turks, on their own admission,
have lost 5000 men. The Bulgarians
advanced from Kadikeui towards Ka
yak, which the Turks occupied.
The fight lasted some time, when
the Turks retired to Bulair. Another
Bulgarian force on the Marmora coast
occupied Miriphyto.
The grand vizier, Mahmoun Shefket
Pasha, in his recent visit to Khe front,
is understood to have met General Sa
voff, but nothing came of the inter
The main body of the Turkish troops
has retired behind the main line of de
fense at Gallipolis, accordnig to a dis
patch to the Daily Telegraph.
A Contantinople dispatch says that
the Bulgarians attacked the Bulair
forts, but were compelled to retire to
their old positions.
The Turkish cruiser Messudieh, with
two torpedo boats, has sailed for the
Black Sea, apparently to cover the
landing near Midia of troops from
Officer Glides 4000 Feet.
San Diego, Cal.—Lieutenant L. E.
Goodyear performed a perilous aerial
feat here Saturday. He left the army
aviation camp or Goat Island for a 30
--mile run for a military air pilot's li
cense. When at an altitude of 9000
feet he arrived off Lajolla, 16 miles
from the starting point, his motor be
gan to miss fire. Fearing the escap
ing gas, he stopped the engine and
made a glide of 4000 feet to the
ground. Then, repairing the ma
chine, he flew back to North Island,
completing the test.
Oleo Case Is Pressed.
Washington, D. C.—The govern
ment attempted to enforce the collec
tion of $1,000,000 from oleomargine
manufacturers who used colored cot
tonseed oil, under the ban of the
Treasury department. Commissioner
Cabell, of the Internal revenue bu
reau, informed a house committee that
the Treasury would take no action to
ward a compromise until the commit
tee and the Federal court at Chicago
had concluded its investigations.
Moose to Found School.
Chicago—Trustees of the Loyal Or
der of Moose, in session here voted to
establish a $1,000,000 industrial and
educational institute near Aurora, 111.,
for the benefit of orphans and poor
children whose parents were or are
members of the order.
A Brief Resume of Proceed^ of the People*J^™
at the State Capital, Bills Introduced, Passed, Rejected, Etc
Senate Closely Divided On Merits
of Treating Bill.
Olympia—A bill prohibiting treat
ing in saloons, the first liquor measure
to come before the Washington legis
lature during the present session,
caused a bitter fight in the senate, re
sulting in a distinct and significant
victory for the "drys."
The measure brought to the surface
for the first time the line-up on the
liquor question, and demonstrated be
yond a doubt that there is an unusu
ally even division of the "wet" and
the "dry" forces.
The bill, introduced and fathered by
Senator Davis, of Pierce county, ap
peared before the senate without rec
ommendation from the majority of the
public morals committee, and with
recommendtaion for its indefinite post
ponement by the minority of the com
Senator Sharpstein, of Walla Walla,
started the fireworks when he moved
to adopt the minority report to post
pone indefinitely. The "drys," who
took the measure to be one for them
to support, because it tightened the
liquor restrictions, rallied to the cause
and fought against postponement.
"Wets" on the other side returned
a hot fire. On vote the measure was
saved from a dark, cold grave by four
votes. It went to general file.
The measure, as it stands, prohibits
any person from purchasing a drink
of liquor for any other person, and re
quires the placing of cards in conspic
uous places in all saloons reading,
"No treating permitted." Violation
of the measure makes the bartender
or the owner of the saloon liable to a
heavy fine or imprisonment, or both.
Senate Also Appropriates $300,000
for New Cheney Normal.
Olympia—The prizefight bill, legal
izing boxing and sparring matches in
this state, which was killed by the
senate Tuesday, came back smiling
; Thursday and was given a new lease
of life. As expected, the fathers of
the measure were able to drum up the
required two-thirds vote of the seriate
to bring the measure back for recon
sideration. The bill was resurrected'
and placed on general file, to come up
again later.
The house of representatives passed
practically all of one day hearing ar
guments and reports regarding the
ownership of harbor, wharfage and
tideland property in cities on Puget
Sound. A report by the special Se
attle wharfage ownership committee
recommending that the state contest
the title to the lands on the waterfront
owned by the Northern Pacific and
other corporations was adopted.*
The senate passed a bill appropriat
ing $300,000 for the erection of a new
building at the Cheney Normal school
to replace the structure which was
burned a year ago. This bill has been
passed by the house also. It probably
will be vetoed by Governor Lister,
because of his belief that the building
is not needed.
Commission to Include Heads of
Experiment Stations.
Olympia — A bill said to have a
strong backing and decared to be of
vital importance to farmers was in
troduced by Senator Troy, chairman
of the senate appropriations commit
tee, providing for the establishment
of a state department of agriculture
to take over all the agricultural work
of the state. The bill abolishes the
offices of state dairy and livestock
commissioner, horticulture inspector,
oil inspector, state fair commissioner
and takes over part of the duties of
the labor commissioner.
Provision is made for the appoint
ment of a commissioner at $4000 a
a year and the establishment of an
agricultural commission comprising
the governor, the commissioner of
agriculture and the directors of the
state experimental stations.
Because of the numerous bills before
the house providing for state aid in
the clearing of logged-off land, a spe
cial committee on logged-off land was
appointed by Speaker Taylor. The
members are Representatives Mur
phine, chairman; Aagard, W. A. Ar
nold, Brislawn, Horrigan, Hughes,
Mapes, Robe and Wells.
More Minimum Wage Bills.
Olympia—Another woman's mini
mum wage bill was introduced in the
house Friday by Corkery and Sum
ner. It extends to municipalities the
power to fix the minimum wage which
can be paid to female employes. A
bill was introduced by Dunning pro
hibiting the employment of child la
bor and specifying the age limits in
all branches of industry. A bill was
introduced by Goss providing for the
carrying out of the recall system in
the state. Recall of judges is not a
part of the system as outlined.
Check Reckless Auto Drivers.
Olympia— A bill has been passed by
the senate making it a misdemeanor
punishable by imprisonment for a
driver of an automobile to fail to stop
and give his number in case of an
accident in which anyone is injured,
or to fail to report the accident to a
peace officer within the same county
within 24 hours.
House Favors Trebling Levy for
Highway Work.
Olympia— Overwhelming support of.
good roads legislation in the Washing
ton legislature was shown when the „
House, by a vote of 71 to 21, passed a ,
bill trebling the tax levy for the state
highway fund. The measure At
passed by Uhe senate, as seems likely, ,
will increase the annual revenue for
new state road building and improv
ing purposes from $500,000 to $1,500,
--000. . , , ,
The bill which was introduced by
the committee on roads and bridges
went through with a surprisingly
small amount of opposition, a fact
which was gratifying to the agricul
tural delegations who were lined up
for the bill almost as a unit.
There was some opposition from the
delegations from the larger cities,
based for the most part on the propo
sition of keeping down the taxes.
There were several "anti-increased
tax" speeches before the measure was
brought up for consideration.
The bill as passed provides for the
increased levy for the fiscal year,
March 1, 1913, and for each fiscal year
thereafter. Provision is made for the
conversion of 5 per cent of the amount
in a separate fund for repair and
maintenance of the present establish
ed and constructed state roads, the
fund to be known as a "maintenance
Both branches of the legislature
passed by unanimous vote the resolu
tion by congress providing an amend
ment to the Constitution of the United
States for the direct election of United
States senators.
The senate passed a bill providing
for a bounty on crows and magpies in
sections where they are a nuisance.
The measure gives the county com
missioners in the various counties
right to establish the bounty if needed.
The bill occasioned a lively fuss be
cause of the desire of some" of the
senators to eliminate crows from the
Bridge Question In Background
Till Proper Time.
Olympia—A committee of four per
sons representing the interests in Van
couver and Clark county, who are
seeking the appropriation of money
for the proposed inter-state bridge be
tween Portland and Vancouver, ar
rived here to draft bills and conduct a
campaign in the legislature. The
committee comprises James P. Staple
ton and A. L. Miller, attorneys, and
A. M. Blaker and Benjamin Deyar
mar. In a conference with the senate
committee on roads and bridges it was
decided to keep the bridge question in
the background until a good bill is
drafted. The work of drafting will
be attended to by the two visiting at
torneys and the attorney-general here.
The attorney-general, after being
interviewed by the committee, de
clared that he would assist in every
way possible in getting the bill in
shape so that it would comply in every
way with the constitution. It is un
certain yet whether the committee
will provide for the raising of the re
quired amount of money by special tax
levy or bond issue, or whether the
bridge will be made a part of the gen
eral road and bridge bills and will
draw its appropriation from the bridge
and road funds. The committee ex
pects to be here until the bill is well
launched before the legislature.
State Federation of Labor Reports
Favorably on Measure.
Olympia—With a favorable commit
tee report and an indorsement from
many commercial and industrial organ
izations, including the State Federa
tion of Labor, the women's minimum
wage bill fathered in the Washington
legislature by Senator George U. Pi
per, of King County, will come before
the senate probably this week. This
and a teachers' pension fund, which
also has a favorable committee report,
are expected to be the main issues in
the senate during the week.
The wage bill has enough support in
the senate committee on labor and
labor statistics, to which it was sent,
to assure its being sent back with a
favorable report. There are but two
members of the committee who are
not heartily in favor of the measure.
These two members probably will join
in the favorable report with the others
before the bill is brought up for third
reading in the upper house.
The Federation of Labor officials,
who came to Olympia specially to
promote the welfare of a women's
wage bill of their own drafting, have
checked over the Piper bill and, with
a few minor amendments, have de
clared it to be satisfactory.
Teachers' Bill Is Favored.
Olympia—While the teachers' pen
sion bill committee has not reported
its findings to either house as yet, it
is understood that the measure has
been indorsed and will be returned
with recommendations for passage.
This bill provides for a system where
by teachers, who have served 30 years
or longer in the public schools, will be
entitled to retirement on a pension to
be paid by the state. Educators from
all parts of the state have been in
Olympia working for the bill. The
bill is expected to bring lively debate.
Senate to Inquire Into Campaign
Gifts by Federal Employes.
Washington, D. C—Federal office
holders and employes who have been
solicited to contribute to National
campaign funds are to be summoned as
witnesses by,the senate campaign ex
penditures committee, when it opens
its investigation into the campaign
expenses of the general election of
1912. Subpoenas will be issued for
several United* States marshals and
other Federal employes who have
either collected or contributed to these
funds, and an effort will be made to
determine the extent to which "assess
ments" have been made on Federal
office holders.
The campaign investigating com
mittee will recommend several changes
of law to the senate in the final report
in its investigations. It is expected
that legal restrictions will be urged
upon solicitation of campaign funds
from employes of the government.
The committee has not yet arranged
the date for the opening of the investi
gation of the 1912 expenses.
Duluth — The increase in wages
promised on the first of the year by
the United States Steel corporation
went into effect Feb. 5. President
Olcott, of the Oliver Mining company,
issued a statement saying:
"Beginning February 5, the Oliver
Mining company will make a volun
tary readjustment of wages. The rates
for surface labor will be advanced
from $2.10 to $2.25 a day. There will
be adjustments of the rates in other
classifications of labor, both surface
and underground, it being the purpose
to give the highest percentage of in
crease to the lower paid employes."
House-Wrecking Head Says Lum-
bermen Persecuted Him.
Chicago—Testimony was given be
fore Examiner Fuller in theygovern
ment suit to dissolve tne so-called
"lumber trust," that the "trust" had
maintained spies in the offices of the
Chicago House-Wrecking company in
an effort to put the concern out of
Maurice Rothschild, president of the
house-wrecking concern, testified that
detectives employed by him had dis
covered the presence of spies and that
the concern had found false entries in
their books and received many ficti
tious orders and applications.
Rothschild directly accused L. W.
Boyce, of Minneapolis, who is a de
fendant in the dissolution suit and who
was head of the Northern Information
bureau, which it is alleged obtained
and dispensed information to members
of the "trust" about independents.
Fire Marshal Connects Arson and
Moving Picture Shows.
Albany, N. Y. — Moving picture
shows and arson, as cause and effect,
were discussed by Thomas J. Ahearn,
State fire marshal, in his annual re
port to the legislature. "It has been
shown," he said, "that moving pic
tures have frequently been the occas
ion of pyromania."
He cited instances where persons
peculiarly susceptible to suggestion
had left these shows to set fires. As
a remedy he suggested a rigid censor
ship of films.
The report declared that 15,000,000
persons throughout the country daily
attend these exhibitions, and are "ex
posed to danger from fires and unbrid
led displays."
Women Request Guard.
Washington, D. C—Three women
suffrage leaders successfully ran the
gauntlet of doorkeepers at the White
House and confronted President Taft
with their request for a guard of sol
diers, sailors and marines for their
big parade here March 3 and the
granting of a half holiday to women
employes in the government depart
ments who may wish to make the
march to the capitol. The president
promised to discuss the question with
his cabinet. Senator Sutherland, of
Utah, introduced the suffragettes.
Armour & Co. Fined $50.
Portland —After a bitter fight in
Justice Bell's court Armour & Com
pany were fined $25 on each of two
charges, of misbranding and selling
shortweight butter. The charges were
pressed by State Dairy and Food Com
missioner Mickle and his office force.
The transaction occurred in The
Dalles, where, it is said, an inspector
from the commissioner's office weighed
17 squares of butter and found them
short 20 ounces in the aggregate.
Mothers' Day Would Incorporate.
Washington, D. C.—Federal incor
poration of the Mothers' Day Interna
tional association was proposed in a
bill by Senate? Penrose, of Pennsyl
vania. Mothers' day was founded by
Anna Jarvis, a Philadelphia woman.
Cabinet Set Sneezing.
London—The Express says that the
whole cabinet was set sneezing recent
ly by the simultaneous receipt by each
minister at the house of commons of
suffragette letters containing red
Arsenal Captured and Leaders
Freed From Prison.
Felix Diaz, Nephew of the Former
President, Leads Rebellious
Troops to Victory.
Mexico City—The army rose in re .
volt Sunday in Mexico City, took po s .
session of the public buildings, shot
down Federal adherents in the streets
released General Felix Diaz, leader of
the Vera Cruz revolt, and General
Bernardo Reyes, from prison, ani
falling into line under the Diaz ban
ner, virtually captured the Mexican
At least 250 persons were killed k
the street fighting that took place in
the great public square and other
parts of the city. Many of these
were civilians who were taken by sur
prise when the firing began. Several
women were killed. The number of
wounded is large.
General Reyes himself was killed in
front of the National Palace soon af.
ter being released. Following Gen
eral Reyes' death, his son, Rodolfe,
shot himself through the head, dying
instantly. Grief over his father's
death was the cause. He was a well
known attorney. General Villar, a
loyalist, was wounded. Colonel Mo
relos, prominent among the Federal
leaders, was slain.
General Gregorio Ruiz, a Federal
officer, two captains and three lieuten
ants, were executed in the patio of the
National Palace. It is officially re
ported that this was done by order of
the government, but another story is
that they were killed by a detachment
of their own men because they op
posed their joining in the revolt.
Added to this is the report that these
mutinous troops were overpowered and
Francisco Madero, president of the
republic, led the loyal troops for a
time. Later, with members of his
cabinet, he took refuge in the Nation
al Palace, where they were besieged,
but with some loyal troops at their
backs they succeeded in defending the
palace from the assaults of the revo- 1
lutionists. The president fortified
himself in the palace, while General
Felix Diaz, with a large majority of
the regulars behind him, has virtual
control of the capital.
President Madero and his ministers
left the National Palace about 10
o'clock Sunday night. It is believed
they have gone "to Chapultepec. Gen
eral Huerta has been left in charge of
the loyal forces in the palace.
General Angeles, from. Cuernavaca,
and Colonel Vasconcelos, from Chaul
co, have been ordered to the capital.
Felix Diaz and his followers gained
control of the city early in the after
noon. He took possession of the pal
ace and captured the arsenal by as
sault. Only a few scattered com
panies of the city garrison main
tained an appearance of loyalty to the
General Diaz took possession of Bel
em city prison and penitentiary with
out opposition.
Police Chief Figueroa is a prisoner
of Diaz as the result of a controversy
over the patrolling of the streets,
Diaz insisting that it should be done
by his men.
Madero's family has taken refuge in
the Japanese legation, and the presi
dent is making a fight, desperate in
its efforts against what appear to be
enormous odds for retention of his
General Diaz, who is the nephew of
the deposed president Porfirio Diaz,
now is at the head of a majority of
the capital troops, including most of
the artillery, and is in possession of
the arsenal in the city and the powder
works near by.
Madero is relying on the loyalty of
General Blanquet, who has been sum
moned fiom Toluca, 40 miles distant,
but Blanquet has only 1000 men under
his command and the rebels are conn
dent of defeating him should he refuse
to join the revolt.
Mutiny Part of Conspiracy.
El Paso, Tex.—Rebel agents here
declared Monday that the Mexico City
mutiny was part of a general revolu
tionary plan, prematurely exploded.
They connect it directly with the pro
gram of General Trevino, former Fed
eral commander in the state of Nuevo
Leon and a military favorite of the
Diaz regime. They say the date for a
general revolt of the army had been
set for March 1, and that virtually all
the revolutionary factions in the re
public were in league with the move
Troops Guard Nuevo Laredo.
Laredo, Tex.—Subdued excitement
characterized fthe receipt of news
here of the death in Mexico City of
General Bernardo Reyes and the es
cape, of Felix Diaz. Both men had
many here. Troops are
guarding Nuevo Laredo, Mexico, in
order to prevent any possible uprising
in that city. Everything was quiet at
latest accounts in Nuevo Laredo, and
no attempt has been made at revolt by
the troops there.
Roumania Offers $60,000,000.
London—A Vienna dispatch to the
Daily Telegraph says Roumania has
offered Bulgaria $60,000,000 for the
quadrangle of territory between Rust"
chuk, Shumla and Varna.

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