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Mexican Peace Conference Sits
in First Session.
Retirement Proposal of Huerta,
Though Denied, Gives Encour
agement to Delegates.
Niagara Falls, Ontario—Marking a
n e\v era in the relations of the nations
of the Western hemisphere, delegates
from the United States, Mexico and
the three great South American repub
lic of Argentine, Brazil and Chile,
formally opened Wednesday the me
diation conference which they hope
will bring peace to Mexico.
Confidence in the amicable settle
ment not only of the differences which
have arisen between the United States
and the Huerta government, but in the
ultimate pacification of all Mexico
through the avenues of diplomacy was
reflected here by the mediators.
A distorted dispatch from Mexico
City to the effect that General Huerta
was ready to retire, although contra
dicted by corrected dispatches, which
said that he had given his delegates
no instructions to offer his resigna
tion, was received with interest. It
was said that an error in transmission
had tfiven rise to the first statement.
Authentic advices through diplo
matic sources several days ago said
that the Mexican commissioners were
clothed with full power to act and had
been authorized to agree to the elim
ination of Huerta if necessary to
king about a settlement of their
country's internal and international
troubles. This last step, it was said,
would be taken only after it was ap
parent to the commissioners that there
was no hope of a settlement on any
It was indicated in statements made
here that if an announcement of will
ingness to retire comes from Huerta
in the near future it would be wel
comed as making more remote any
possibility of the resumption of hostil
ities between the United States and
It was argued also that with Huerta
out the mediators might entertain
hope that Carranza and his constitu
tionalist followers would be brought
into the conference, or become parties
to any agreement reached. Speaking
of the erroneous dispatch, one of the
principals of the conference said he re
gretted that the news proved prema
ture. He said he felt certain that the
announcement soon could be made
with confidence that it would stand.
"Had it been true," one of the me
diators said, "it would have made our
work so much easier, as it would have
paved the way to an early understand
The Mexican delegates asserted that
they represented no political or per
sonal interests in Mexico and felt they
were nonpartisan in their views.
IMPORTANT MILITARY MAPS
BELIEVED TO BE STOLEN
Honolulu, T. H.—Army circles here
are stirred over the reported theft
from army headquarters of complete
maps and information concerning the
Island of Oahu.
The theft is said to have been dis
covered on the morning of May 9, and
a continuous investigation is said to
have been in progress since.
A wooden map case containing com
plete information about the island was
found shattered, according to authentic
reports, and its contents, including
maps of trails and accounts of water
supplies and food sources, were miss
Party Snubs Emperor.
Berlin—Confusion and uproar mark
ed the closing session of the German
Imperial parliament. The members of
the Socialist party, instead of retiring
before the usual cheers for the em
peror were called for, remained and
refused to rise. Speaker Johannes
Kaempf immediately called attention
to this breach of respect to the em
peror, on which the Socialists shouted,
'"That is our affair," and tried to down
the cheers with hoots and hisses.
These were arrested by tumultous ap
plause from the other parties.
High Cost Clew In Fish.
Atlantic City, N. J.—"We Ameri
cans do not know how to cook fish,"
Dr. Mary E. Pennington, chief of the
Federal Research bureau of the De
partment of Agriculture, asserted be
fore the convention of the Oyster
Growers' and Dealers' Association.
"This," Dr. Pennington said, "is
the principal reason why the public
does not realize that in marine foods
Hes the solution for the high cost of
Baby Secures Board Bill.
Chicago—A year-old boy was given
in court Thursday by his mother, Mrs.
Pauline Hubet, as security for a f.33
Wrd bill. The baby was turned over
to Mrs. Rudolph Peterson, with whom
Mrs. Hubet formerly lodged. By order
of the court the mother may call as
°ften as she desires, but not take
away her son until the bill is paid.
Falling Hailstones Kill.
Muzquiz, Coahuila, Mex.— Sixteen
lives were lost in a tornado which
swept this town Thursday. Hail stones
of enormous size fell and several who
'ost their lives were killed by being
struck by the stones.
Federal Troops to Stay
In Colorado Strike Zone
Denver — Assurances given by the
secretary of war that there is no in
frnm°fK °^ .r l enin& Federal troops
from the strike districts in the Colo
rado coal fields soon, caused general
action among strikers? mine
owners and state officials. Governor
Ammons made it known that he was
anxious to have the United States cav
airy guard the districts until the state
can take care of the situation. This
Sf 8 *? i°» With P1"0^ 1^ funds through
the $1,000,000 bond issue provided by
the legislature. Of ? the $1,000,000
however, more than $600,000 already
has been exhausted.
Governor Ammons' position is that
even if the Federal troope are with
drawn, he will not send the militia
back to the coal fields until the pres
ence there of the militia is imperative.
: , Under the resolution providing for
its appointment the commission is em
powered to conduct an investigation,
to assist the governor in restoring and
maintaining order and "to consider
ways and means of restoring and main
taining peace and good order through
out the state. Under the last pro
vision, it was said, the committee
would consider plans for mediation.
The resolution creating the commit
tee provides that it shall investigate
whether the coal companies have been
observing the state law relative to
check weighmen, permitting workmen
to trade where they ■ please, : non-dis
crimination in the employment of un
ion and non-union miners, wages paid
miners, amount of state coal lands un
der lease and terms of these leases and
the causes of the presentJstrike.
Federal Gunboat Put Out
Of Action by Aeroplane
Durano, Mex.—The vulnerability of
war vessels to the attack of aeroplanes
was demonstrated Wednesday, accord
ing to a message received by General
Carranga, when the federal gunboat
Morelos, which has been one of the
effective dßfenses of Mazatlan against
constitutionalist attack, was forced to
put to sea with her upper works on fire
to escape the bombs of the constitu
tionalist aeroplane fleet.
The message which was sent by
General Alvaro Obregon, said that the
bombs from an aeroplane bursting on
the deck of the gunboat not only si
lenced the federal guns, but also pre
vented the riflemen on board from fir
As the upper works, the bridge and
the bulwarks of the federal vessel
were ripped away by the constitution
alist bombs the federal commander,
without a defense, put to sea while
the aeroplane hung like a hawk above
him, hovering in apparent fearlessness
above the battered craft in an appar
ent effort to drop a bomb into one of
the smokestacks, where it would ex
plode in an unprotected spot.
The bombs, however, did not reach
either of the vital parts of the vessel,
the magazine or the engine room, and
the gunboat, steaming desperately un
der forced draught, finally drew be
yond the radius of the aeroplane's gas
oline suppply, and the destroyer of the
air turned back over the harbor to the
protection back of the constitutionalist
lines, where the hangars are situated.
The pilot of the aerial craft was not
designated in the message, but it is
thought here to have been Captain
Salinas Carranga, a cousin of the first
chief, who is in charge of the constitu
tionalist aerial fleet.
More Pay for Night Work Ainu
Washington, D. C.—Senator Lewis,
of Illinois, is author of a bill entitled
"to reduce night work in postoffices,"
but which, in actuality, is a bill to in
crease the pay of night employes in
postoffices. The bill provides that
hereafter 45 minutes' night work per
formed by clerks and carriers in first
and second-class postoffices shall be
computed the same as one hour day
work, night work being that per
formed after 6 p. m. and before 6 a. m.
The bill has not yet been considered
by the postoffice committee.
Reserve Bank Starts in
New York District
* New York —The Federal Reserve
Bank, of the Second reserve division,
organized in accordance with the new
Federal banking laws, was formally
launched Wednesday at the New York
clearing house, when representatives
of Albany, Syracuse, Buffalo and New
York City National banks were sworn
in as incorporators of the new institu
Kansas fCity, Mo.—Ten bankers,
representing five banks, signed the pa
pers of incorporation of the Federal
Reserve bank fqr the Tenth district
here Wednesday. The bank is to be
located in Kansas City. The signers
represented banks in Omaha, Denver,
Explorer Reported Safe.
Berlin—Baron Erland yon Norden
senold, the leader of the Norwegian
South American exploring expedition,
who was reported to have been killed
by Indians, March 14, last, is safe.
The news of his escape from the In
dians reached here in a letter from
Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia, dated
March 21, which reported his arrival
at Trinidad,-the capital of the Bolivian
department of Beni.
Woman Drops From Airship.
Nevers—ln order toT'show her con
fidence in a detachable parachute in
vented by her husband, Mme. Gayat de
Castella dropped 2500 feet from an
aeroplane. She landed gently on the
grass of the aerodrome, and a crowd
carried her shoulder-high from the
Somewhat the Worse for Wear,
But "Feeling Fine."
Didn't Refuse Governorship of New
York, but Would — Nothing
to Say About Presidency.
New York City — Theodore Roose
velt returned home Wednesday after
many months in South America.
Accompanied by two naturalists of
his party, George K. Cherry and Leo
E. Miller, the ex-president arrived
from Para at quarantine shortly before
4 o'clock on board the Booth liner
With a few crisp sentences, punct
uated by decisive gestures, the colonel
reaffirmed the verity of the "River of
Doubt," curtly denied having ex
pressed himself as to Presidential
probabilities of 1916, declared he
would not run for governor of New
York, made a few deprecatory remarks
about his critics, and, with harbor
craft tooting and flags fluttering, was
taken on board a tug, which proceeded
to Oyster Bay.
Friends who had been alarmed by
the reports of Colonel Roosevelt's se
vere illness were greatly surprised
when they saw him. He was notice
ably thinner and he used a cane as he
walked, but his face wore a healthy
tan and apparently he had not lost an
ounce of the vigor and energy which
have become characteristic of him.
After staying 10 days in this country
Colonel Roosevelt will go to Spain to
the wedding of his son, Kermit.
As the tug, which carried several
members of the Roosevelt family, in
cluding Mrs. Roosevelt, W. Emlin
Roosevelt, Archie and Theodore, Jr.,
approached the Aidan, the familiar fig
ure of the Colonel could be seen lean
ing far over the rail as he waved a
greeting, his lips flexed into the
Not a few eyes were wet as the col
lector of the port, Dudley Field Ma
lone, and a host of newspapermen
scrambled up the companionway. The
Colonel stood at the top and shook
each man by the hand.
Colonel Roosevelt anticipated most
of the things people wanted to know
and he submitted to a fusillade of
questions before going on the tug that
took him home.
"Not a word about the political sit
uation," he said. "I don't know any
thing about it, for I haven't seen a
newspaper. Any papers which have
given my views on the Mexican situa
tion have misquoted me.
"That applies to what has been said
about my presidential intentions," he
He was informed that he was re
ported to have said that he would not
run as a Candidate on the Republican
ticket, and that if he became a can
didate it would be on the Progressive
"Not a word of truth in this," the
Colonel said. "I have not made a
single declaration about the political
situation in 1916.
"I haven't been asked if I would
run for governor of New York," he
replied in answer to another question.
"If asked, I would say that I would
"As to the river, it is extraordinary
to have put on the map a river as long
as the Rhine, but there is no more
doubt of its existence than there is of
Colonel Roosevelt was asked how he
"I don't look like a sick man, do
I?" was his rejoinder. "I have been
very ill with jungle fever, but I'm all
right now. I feel fine."
It was learned, however, from Mr.
Cherry, that the Colonel still suffered
from slight symptoms of fever. Colo
nel Roosevelt confessed that he had
lost 55 pounds, part of which he had
regained. He had also been troubled
by bites of poisonous insects.
Man Rolls Three Miles.
Baltimore—G. Howell Parr, a social
leader in Baltimore, who started at
7:45 o'clock Wednesday night to roll
from the Elk Ridge Kennel club to
University Parkway, about three
miles, completed his task at 11:20 a.
m. Thursday. He performed the feat
on a wager and finished in good condi
tion. For more than 15 hours, with
frequent intervals of rest, Mr. Parr,
dressed in a football suit, turned over
and over on his hands and knees, uphill
and down, through mud and over
stones, without once rising to his feet.
Plumbers Under Inquiry.
Dcs Moines, lowa. — The examina
tion of witnesses in the nation-wide
probe of the activities of the Master
Plumbers' Association of America, al
leged to be a trust, was begun here
by the grand jury in the Federal Court
of the Southern district of lowa.
Judge Smith McPherson instructed the
grand jurors as to the intent of the
Sherman anti-trust law.
237 Mail Boxes Tampered,
London—Sydney Drew, printer and
publisher of the Suffragette, the news
paper representing the militant sec
tion, was committed for trial at the
Old Bailey, charged with inciting
members of the Women's Social and
Political union to commit malicious
damage to property.
An official of the postoffice testified
that 237 letter boxes had been tam
pered with and 4000 letters damaged
Refugees 2ell of Bad
Treatment by Mexicans
San Francisco—Graphic' reports of
the murder of Americans, the capture
by a Mexican transport of the Amer
ican brig Geneva, the imprisonment of
United States Consul Edwards, of
Acapulco, and many atrocities on the
west coast of Mexico were brought
here by the officers and 150 refugees
on the British steamer Cetriana, which
arrived from Manzanillo.
Lieutenant Edward J. Minister,
royal naval reserve, commander of the
Cetriana, got his steamer, loaded with
refugees, away from Manzanillo by
daring and skillful action on April 28,
when it was believed the Mexicans
were preparing to burn it at the dock
by firing and dynamiting the wharves.
According to. the refugees, when
news of the capture of Vera Cruz by
the United States reached the west
coast, it was taken by the Mexicans as
the beginning of war. The Mexicans
were inflamed to a high pitch, they
say, and the Americans abandoned
their homes and fled. As the 'Ce
triana got away from the dock, man
euvering adroitly out of what is re
ported to be an attempt to hem it in
by four Mexican steamers, a rifle fire
was directed against it. Many of the
bullets struck the steamer.
Upwards of *a score of murders,
mostly of Americans, were reported by
the Cetriana's passeners.
Captain W. H. Ferguson, of the brig
Geneva, of San Francisco, was one of
the Cetriana's passengers. For nearly
a week his ship, crew and four refug
ees were held as prisoners of war by
the Mexicans, he reported. The ar
rival of the cruiser Raleigh brought
about his release.
Five Survivors Picked Up
After 13 Days' Drifting
Halifax, N. S. — After 13 days of
terrific suffering in an open boat
adrift at sea, five survivors of the
freight steamer Columbian were picked
up in the North Atlantic by the Unit
ed States revenue cutter Seneca.
Eleven others of the boat's crew
who left the Columbian when she was
burned just south of Sable Island on
May 3 had succumbed to injuries and
privations, and their bodies had been
thrown overboard. The death roll of
the lost freighter now stands at 15.
Twenty-seven other members of the
crew were saved by the Cunard liner
Franconia and the steamer Manhattan
after two days' exposure.
The men snatched from death by the
Seneca were the first Officer, whose
name was not given in the radio dis
patch from the vessel; Seamen Robert
Ties, Oscar Kendall and Peter Bellan
ger, and fireman Michael Ludwigsen.
The survivors had lived on only a
few ship's biscuits and a cask of wa
ter, which had long ago been ex
hausted. They had gone the limit of
Hope for this missing third boat had
been abandoned after a dozen of the
trans-Atlantic liners searched for .five
days in a wide radius of the spot where
the ship had burst into flames.
Total Eclipse of Sun
lo Occur August 21
Washington, D. C.—The eclipse of
the sun on August 21 next—total in
parts of Europe and Asia and partial
in Northeastern America—is attract
ing the widespread attention of astron
omers and scientists, various expedi
tions being arranged to witness this
The moon will pass exactly between
the earth and the sun. In Persia,
Russia and Scandinavia the full effect
will be seen. It will be seen as a par
tial eclipse at sunrise in the Northern
states and Canada.
In this eclipse the diameter of the
cone at X the earth's surface is only
about 85 miles, so that the eclipse is
visible as total only in a belt about 85
miles wide stretching over the coun
tries named above. The important
cities Bitlis, Trebizond, Kief, Minsk
and Riga lie near the center of this
belt. It passes 100 miles north of
Stockholm and Trondheim.
Mt. Vernon Is Reshingled.
Washington, D. C—Mount Vernon,
the home of the Father of His Coun
try, i3 to have its fourth set of shin
gles since it was built, in 1743. The
mansion was reshingled in 1785 and
in 1860. Before putting the fourth
roof on, the shingles were rounded at
one end to make them conform to the
original shingles of 1743. The shin
gles are of cypress, hand made in
North Carolina, and are of the same
size as those used when the house was
Parks* Execution Seen.
Vera Cruz —Additional confirmation
of the execution of Private Samuel
Parks, of the Twenty-eighth infantry,
was received here. There was brought
into the American lines one of Huer
ta's conscripts who had deserted. He
said he was an eye witness of the exe
cution of Parks and agreed to relate
the facts as far as he knew them to
the American general in command if
in return work was given him here or
he was otherwise cared for.
Circle City Almost Gone.
Seattle—A special cable from Fair
banks, Alaska, says:
"Reports from Circle City say the
flood caused by the break-up of the ice
on the Yukon river was the worst in
the history of the camp. The town
was almost wiped out, all the stores,
government buildings and dwellinp
near the waterfront being damaged by
ice. No casualties have been re
HOPE OF THE NA'iION IS IN ITS YOUTH
By THE RIGHT REVEREND BISHOP SAMUEL FALLOWS.
I' N OUR common schools we have not only the nurseries, but the real West
Points and Fort Leavenworths of the Republic. From theme is to come the
ever-flowing stream of our fresh young soldiery, who shall maintain the
integrity and glory of the nation.
In more than 250,000 buildings they gather—in the rude log hut or primi
tive "shack" of the remote frontier and in the costly and commodious struc
tures which we rear in the crowded city. Many thousand officers of the Field
and Staff and Line marshal and guide day by day 16,000,000 of these Juvenile
v/arriors—the infantry, cavalry and artillery of our homes.
It is upon the intelligence and morality and loyalty of the American citizen
that the institutions of our country rest—"broad-based upon the people's will."
Give our common school system to Mexico. Educate their children as we
are training ours. Break up their great landed estates into small farms and
let the common people own and till them, and barbarous Mexico would be
wiped from the map of the world.
N American must re
call brave memories as
he looks upon the red
clay fields and pine
grown land where the
Army of Northern Vir
ginia laid down its arms,
or stands on the spot
where the terms of sur-
render were agreed upon and signed.
There must come to his memory
these words of Grant: "I regard it
as my duty to shift from myself the
responsibility of any further effusion
of blood by asking of you the surren-
General Grant In Wartime.
ler of that portion of the Confederate
Itates army known as the Army of
Korthern Virginia." Also there comes
to mind these words of Lee: "After
four years' arduous struggle the Army
bf Northern Virginia has been com
belled to yield to overwhelming num
bers and resources."
It Is especially Impressive to Tislt
the surrender ground of Appomattox
upon the anniversary of the event*
which gave to Appomattox everlMnas.
significance. Today it is a ruined
hamlet where a few drowsy persons
dwell. The courthouse was burned 15
years ago, and around the desolated
court square, cumbered with ashes,
charred plaster and shattered bricks,
a half dozen tottering dwellings cling.
Some are tenanted, but others are too
near collapse for even this faint dis
The "surrender house," the home ol
William McLean — in the parlor ol
which Grant and Lee met, is no more
Gen. Robert E. Lee.
The site and garden of this house are
heaped with piles of brick and rotting
lumber, which once were the house.
About 1592 the McLean house was
taken down for the purpose of removal
to and reconstruction at the Columbian
exposition at Chicago, but the execu
tion of this plan was carried no fur
ther than the demolition of the house.
There were two Appomattox towns
in 1865. It was at Appomattox Sta
tion on the line of railway between
Petersburg and Lynchburg that Sheri
dan's cavalry captured a train of sup
plies from Lynchburg intended for
Lee's army. These supplies stood be
tween Lee's men and starvation. Ap
pomattox Court House —the county
seat of Appomattox county—was three
miles northward. Today Appomattox
Court House occupies the site of Ap
pomattox Station and is a brisk vil
lage. Old Appomattox Court Houae —
the Appomattox of history, the Appo
mattox where the expiring hopes of
the South were crushed —this Is the
hopeless village told of.
Much of the ground occupied by the
armies Is now covered with tall, thick
pines. In a particularly dark stretch of
pines the traveler comes upon the
North Carolina monument, the most —
in fact, the only—lmposing marker on
the fields of Appomattox. The In
scription on this monument, which
gives glorious praise to the soldiers of
North Carolina, has caused tense dis
cussion. The accuracy of the state
ments cut on the stone has been do?
F!r«t at Bethel
wartheat to the front at Qettyibonr
Last at Appomattoac