HOME RULE BILL
LAW BY 77 VOTES
House of Commons Closes Con
test of Many Years.
Opposition Refuses Debate, Warn
ing England That Struggle
Is Not Yet Ended.
London —Home rule for Ireland be,
ca me assured Tuesday, when the house
o f commons, by a majority of 77,
passed the Irish home rule bill for its
third and last reading. The vote was
351 to 274, and the measure becomes
| a w in a month whether it is sanction
ed by the house of lords or not.
The struggle, dating back to 1870,
came to an end suddenly, the Unionists
refusing to debate the bill without fur
ther information as to the attitude of
the jrovernrhent toward the proposed
amendments to the measure.
Various sections of Ireland were
ablaze with bonfires and other out
bursts of orderly demonstrations, while
other sections are forebodingly quiet.
At the same time army instructions
have been rushed forward and steps
have been taken to guard against a
disorderly demonstrtaion in opposition
Premier Asquith's words just before
the final action of the house gave little
consolation to the opponents of the
bill. Andrew Bonar Law, leader of
the opposition, only replied that Mr.
A-quith had told them nothing, and
to discuss the third reading "would be
ridiculous and futile." He said:
"Let the curtain ring down on this
contemptible farce. It is only the
end of an act and not of the play. The
government can carry the bill through
parliament, but the concluding act of
the drama will be in the country,
where an appeal to the people will not
end in a farce."
The closing scene in the fight for
home rule brought together a crowd of
members and spectators which filled
the chamber to its utmost capacity.
Outside great crowds gathered to
await the result of the debate on the
third reading of the will.
The house was seething with excite
ment from the moment the speaker
took the chair. Members of the var
ious parties indulged in loud out
bursts of cheering when their respec
tive champions entered the chamber,
while at the same time mocking ban
ter was shouted from the opposite
Jacob Riis, Noted Author,
After Long Illnes, Is Dead
Barre, Mass.—Jacob A. Riis, auth
or, honored by his intimate friend,
Theodore Roosevelt, as "the most use
ful citizen," is no more. Death, after
a lingering illness, came here at his
summer home a little before noon
Mr. Riis was brought home about
two weeks ago from a sanitarium in
Michigan, where he had been taken
for treatment for heart trouble. It
was apparent that death was near,
that the patient was beyond medical
assistance, and it was Mr. Riis' desire
to die here.
Mr. Riis, who was 65 years of age,
had given practically his whole life to
bettering the condition of the poor of
New York. He had worked unceas
ingly for their benefit, physicially and
financially had he given of his bounty
to aid the wretched condition of New
Riis was the 13th child of a Latin
teacher in Ribe, Jutland, Denmark.
He was born in 1849. Young Riis be
came a carpenter's apprentice. The
vocation he had chosen did not prevent
him, however, from falling in love
with Elizabeth Nielson, daugther of
one of the richest men in his native
town. But she refused him, and when
Riis was 21 years old, having learned
his trade, he embarked for New York
with only $40 in his pocket.
Riis built miner's huts in a Penn
sylvania construction camp, mined
coal, made bricks, drove a team and
peddled flat irons and books. At 27
he spent his last cent in reaching New
York and was forced to accept a be
finners' place as a reporter. At the
very first he made his most conspic
uous success in the study of conditions
on the East Side of New York. Later
he bought a paper and sold it at a
profit, returned to Denmark and mar
ried the girl who had refused him
tthen he was a carpenter's apprentice.
Uniform Act Is Favored.
Salem, Or.—ln letters sent to the
secretaries of state throughout the
country, Ralph Watson, corporation
commissioner, urges the necessity of
drafting a uniform "Blue Sky Law."
He suggests that a convention of com
missioners having duties similar to his
ke held for the purpose of drafting and
discussing the proposed measure. . "I
understand that some 32 states have
enacted blue sky laws," he says in his
fetter, "and that similar bills are to be
Presented in many additional states.
Such legislation, should be uniform."
Shoot King's Horse Plot.
London — The Daily Express says
that the police have been notified of a
P*ot to shoot Brakespear, King
George's entry in the Derby, which is
to be run at Epsom Downs. The Daily
Express adds that at a meeting of mil
'tant suffragettes, success to the plot
was drunk in champagne.
Plan for Pacification of
Mexico Near Completion
Niagara Falls, Ont. — The actual
terms and details of a plan for the
pacification of Mexico are now under
discussion by the mediation conference,
according to an announcement by Jus
tice Lamar. An early agreement is
The turn in the proceedings, from a
point, where it seemed as if the land
problem might cause serious embar
rassment, to an understanding as to
the treatment of some of the delicate
issues involved, came after a confer
ence between the mediators and the
In his announcement Justice Lamar
"On a number of details we find our
selves in substantial agreement. Oth
ers are still under discussion, but as to
them there has been no disagreement."
From the mediators themselves it
was learned that some of the vital
points had been reached. These are
understood to include the manner in
which the present regime in Mexico
City would give way to a new provis
Desiring to avoid the appearance of
having had their provisional president
chosen at an international conference,
the Mexican delegates have evolved
the plan of suggesting to the media
tors a list of names from which might
be selected several on whom the Unit
ed States would look with favor if
from it were chosen an ad interim exe
The actual choice of an individual
from the list of eligibles would be
sanctioned, it is suggested, by the
Mexican congress. There is reason
to believe, however, that before any
list is approved by the American gov
ernment some tacit indorsement from
the constitutionalists must come.
The plan of pacification is known to
have tor its object the establishment
of a new provisional government.
As a program for it, there will be a
declaration of principles on agrarian
and other reforms, and on the conduct
of a fair election.
After much discussion a satisfactory
method of considering the land ques
tion practically has been reached.
While the Mexicans have not yielded
the original convictions that the land
problem is purely internal and that
definite and binding recommendations
concerning it should not be included in
any agreement made here, the Ameri-
can view that some expression is desir
able to point the way for its eventual
settlement by Mexico herself has been
Hottest Day of Year
In New York May 26
New York—May 26 was the hottest
day of the year thus far in New York
City. Half a dozen prostrations from
the heat were reported. Not for 34
years has the temperature climbed so
high before on May 26, when it reached
90 degrees officially, and was reported
higher in various parts of town.
Reports from upstate indicated a
general heat wave in the country dis
tricts. The mercury rose to 95 in the
shade in several places.
Kansas City—A new heat record for
the year in Western Missouri and
Eastern Kansas was made Tuesday.
St. Joseph reported a maximum tem
perature of 90 degrees, and at Topeka,
Kan., the mercury reached that figure.
The mark established in Kansas is
within one degree of the record for
this date in 27 years.
Baltimore — According to weather
bureau reports Baltimore was the hot
tes city in the United States Tuesday.
The official maximum temperature was
94 degrees at 3p. m. Two prostra
tions were reported.
Shot Is Laid to Hazers.
Annapolis, Md.—As the result of
what the authorities of St. Johns Mil
itary College believe to have been an
attempted hazing of William Bowlus,
a cadet from Middletown, Md., the
latter is at a hospital here seriously
wounded by a pistol bullet. Five or
six freshmen were in the room of one
of their number when a party of five
juniors, among whom was Bowlus,
came to the door and demanded admit
tance. Someone in the room fired a
shot, which, after splintering a heavy
door panel, entered Bowlus' left side.
Unitarians May Change.
Boston —A proposition that steps be
taken changing the name "Unitarian"
as applied to the denomination was ap
proved at the annual meeting of the
American Unitarian assembly Wednes
day. The suggestion was embodied in
the report of the secretary, Rev. Lew
is G. Wilson of this city, who declared
that the name was inadequate and
misrepresented in "a great measure the
scope of the church's work.
John D: Rated $311,226,367.
Cleveland—John D. Rockefeller is
placed upon hte Cuyahoga county tax
duplicate for $311,226,347. Of this
amount, it was said by Tax Commis
sioners Fackler and Agnew, $285,000,
--000 was for Standard Oil company
stock. The Rockefeller tax return
will be certified to the county auditor
within a few days. At the present
rate of taxation it would return ap
proximately $5,000,000 in taxes.
Greeley's Printer Dead.
San Antonio, Tex.—Joseph Ulrich,
an old-time printer, employed by Hor
ace Greeley at the founding of the
New York Tribune, died here Tuesday
at the age of 95. Soon after the New
York Tribune was founded Mr. Ulrich
was made foreman of the composing
room and he attributed his promotion
to the fact that he could read Horace
LEDYARD TO TELL
Ex-Director of New Haven Road
Wants to Testify.
Examiners Will Inspect Morgan's
Books and Papers—Rocke
feller On Sick List.
Washington, D. C.—Directors, past
and present, of the New York, New
Haven & Hartford railroad will be
placed on the witness stand when the
Interstate Commerce commission re
sumes its investigation of the New
Haven's affairs. This was announced
by commission officials, who announced
that William Skinner, Henry K. Mc-
Harg, Edward Milligan, Alexander
Cochrane and D. Newton Barney were
among the additional directors sub
poenaed. Present at the brief session
Wednesday, ready to testify, were
Lewis Cass Ledyard and Laurence
Minot, ex-directors, and J. S. Elton,
now a member of the board.
The hearing was adjourned in order
that special examiners of the commis
sion may inspect the books of J. Pier
pont Morgan & Company, and personal
papers of the late J. Pierpont Morgan,
as they relate to transactions of the
New Haven railroad. This develop
ment came as the result of a state
ment made by J. Pierpont Morgan in
New York to the effect that the rec
ords of his firm and his father's per
sonal records still are available and
ready for production before any proper
Examiner Francis H. McAdam, of
the commission, who has been in New
York in an effort to ascertain the
physical condition of William Rocke
feller, notified Chief Counsel Folk that
Mr. Rockefeller's physician said his
patient had had another throat attack
and could not be seen for a few days.
At the brief session Wednesday, Mr.
Ledyard said he wanted to go on the
stand and refute some of the testi
mony given last week by Charles S.
Mellen, ex-president of the New Hav
en. A letter addressed to him by Mr.
McChord, in which he was informed
that the subpoena served on him had
been withdrawn, but that if he desired
he could appear voluntarily, waiving
all "immunity" by the testimony that
he might give, was handed to him.
Mr. Ledyard, although demurring at
the words "waiving immunity," on the
ground that they contained an impli
cation, said he would accept the sug
gestion that he be a voluntary witness,
as he wanted to tell the "whole truth."
7wo Convicts Shot in
Bold Dash tor Liberty
Boise, Idaho—Two prisoners were
shot by guards of the Idaho state peni
tentiary Monday, when they attempted
to escape from the institution. One
died several hours after the shooting.
The other is expected to recover.
U. G. Bearup, serving a life sen
tence for murder, was shot in the spine
and died from his wounds.
The wounded man is C. A. Allers,
serving an indeterminate sentence for
forgery, shot in the arm, which may
have to be amputated. Lyman Jones,
serving from 10 to 40 years for second
degree murder, was reported shot in
the left leg, but it was found he had
simply dropped to the ground when the
Pat Calhoun Accused of
Taking Whole Million
San Francisco —Patrick^Calhoun, ex
president of the United Railroads of
San Francisco, was accused by the
Railroad commission Monday of "loot
ing" that corporation of $1,096,000
and being forced to give for that
amount a promissory note for an equal
sum, made payable one day after date,
which his successor, Jesse W. Lilien
thal, credited on the company's books
with a value of $1.
Calhour's action'was indorsed by the
directors and stockholders of the
United Railroads in a resolution, but
the commission declared that the
"whole transaction is a fraud, not only
upon the public but also upon the bond
and note holders."
Commissioners Edwin Edgerton,
who wrote the decision embodying the
critism of Calhoun and his associates,
recommended "Immediate and serious
consideration" by the commission
looking toward "the readjustment of
the affairs of this corporation," but it
was given out that the possibility of
criminal action because of Calhoun's
high finance had been considered by
the commission and no decision reach
ed so far.
Hackett Plans Big Film.
Paris—James K. Hackett, the actor,
who recently inherited $1,500,000 on
the death of his niece in New York,
arrived here from Carlsbad Monday.
Hackett said he would start work im
mediately on "Monsieur Beaucaire,"
which is to be given on films. His
wife, Beatrice Mary Beckley, Roland
Buxton, Arthur Hoops, Charles H.
Hart, Hugh Ford and Edwin B. Por
ter, will take part. It will need at
least 1000 performers and will require
three months to get it in shape for
films. It will cost about $100,000.
"Jay Walker" Is Arrested.
St. Joseph, Mo.—St. Joseph inaug
urated a campaign against "Jay Walk
ers" Monday and the first man arrest
ed was Edward Walls, of New York.
Walls insisted on making a crossing
diagonally instead of "squaring it.
Huerta Declares He
Is Called by Heaven
Mexico City, (Specal Correspond
ence).-_"ln the eyes of all the world,
except those of our sister republics of
Latin-America, I am looked on and
denounced as a dictator and usurper,
when, in all political truth, I am de
jure de facto president of the Mexican
nation. lam asked to vacate the po
sition for which I was intended by God
and destiny, and turn over to men who
have but the most selfish and mercen
ary interests at heart."
With these words, General Huerta,
the head of the Mexican government,
and the most talked of man on earth,
began his appointed interview with
correspondents Monday at^the palace
Then he immediately added:
"Yes, and all Latin-America—for
this attitude of the United States gov
ernment, not the American people re
member— is most vital to every repub
lic of America.
"Have you considered the attitude
of all Latin-America on this stand
taken by President Wilson" he asked
the interviewers. "Well, it is time
you ought to," he went on, following
a negative answer. "It is time that
the American government gave full
and attentative heed to the wishes and
opinions of the nations of Latin-
America. These are real peoples in
every political and economic sense;
they are nationalized in as a full sense
as are the Americans and they have a
pride of flag and of country as pro
nounced, if not indeed, more so, than
have our neighbors to the north.
"I fear that at times the Washing
ton government assumes a patronizing
attitude toward the Spanish American
governments and people. At least
many of its acts in the past could be
construed as indicating an assumption
of superiority quite apart from the ex
ercising of authority. In this latter
word, I, of course, refer to the Monroe
Doctrine, that once very kindly instru
ment of double edge—the one covered
with real velvet and held facing our
nations of the American continents,
the other of tempered steel that glints
in the eyes of greedy European na
tions. Yes, for many years it was such
an instrument—kindly and protective
to those it would shield, strongly men
acing to those it would thwart in evil
"In the present disastrous condition
of affairs, I feel certain that Central
and South American sentiment is
largely with Mexico. Of course it
would not be right and honorable for
any person to construe this statement
as reflecting in the smallest way the
views of the mediators appointed by
Argentina, Brazil and Chile to adjust
the slight difficulties between the
American and Mexican governments.
I would not want so to offend good
taste as to comment one way or the
other on the questions to be discussed
by these eminent gentlemen, or upon
what I might believe to be their opin
ions relative to the controversy. They
are high ambassadors and are men of
such standing that whatever their rec
ommendations may be they will be en
titled to the most exalted considera
tion by all parties."
"Dry" Preacher Says
He Knows Abductors
St. Louis—Rev. Louis R. Patmont,
the Prohibitionist advocate who said
he was kidnaped from Wetsville, 111.,
on March 31, and found in an aban
doned house near Columbia, 111., Mon
day, asserted here that he knew the
ones responsible for his detention. He
left for Danville, 111., where the grand
jury now in session will take up the
investigation of his story.
Patmont said an automobile owned
in Danville was used to abduct him.
He declared he was slugged and car
ried, half conscious, from place to
place for 50 days in this machine. He
said he knew the owners of the car.
A two months' growth of beard
showed on his face and he was half
starved and almost black with dirt.
Danville, 111.—A great throng greet
ed Rev. Louis R. Patmont, the "dry"
worker kidnaped at Westville March
31, as he alighted from a train, ac
companied by several friends, who
went to Colubmia, 111., upon hearing
he had been found.
Judges Serve Jail Term.
Helsingsfors, Finland—After serving
eight months' imprisonment for refus
ing to enforce a law conferring equal
rights on Russians with Finlanders in
Finland, which passed the Douma, but
not the Finnish senate, the entire High
Court of Viborg, consisting of 16
judges, returned here Monday.
An immese crowd assembled to wel
come the judges and cheered loudly.
Mounted gendarmes, riding on the
sidewalks, used their whips on the
people for -"unlawful cheering." The
The judges were at St. Petersburg.
Young Irishmen Warned,
Dublin—ln a warning published here
Michael J. Jordan, secretary of the
United Irish league of America, urges
against Irish emigration to the United
States. The article declares that ben
efits expected by emigrants are il
lusory and that it is worse than folly
for young Irishmen to attempt to com
pete with young Americans.
Famous Animal Painter Dead.
Bloomington, HI. — Lou Burke,
widely known in America, England
and Scotland as an animal painter,
died at his home here Sunday. He
was 69 years old.
ARTIST WAS JUST CURIOUS
Kindly Informed by Bewhiskered Far
mer That Machine He Was Driv
ing Was an Automobile.
Not long ago a New York artist, in
search of quiet and rest, as well as
beautiful scenery, sought out a remote
and wild corner of the Northwest,
where he rejoiced in the absence of
all modern conveniences.
One day, as he rode his horse over
a corduroy road in a swampy forest,
he was amazed to hear the sound of
an automobile horn. Suddenly a bend
in the road brought him face to face
with a small motor car, driven by a
Seeing with what difficulty the rid
er was maintaining his seat as the
horse reared, plunged and backed, and
realizing that he could not get by the
frightened animal on so narrow a high
way, the farmer stopped his car,
jumped out, caught the bridle and led
the horse past it.
After expressing his thanks, the ar
tist, washing to show an appreciative
interest, inquired what machine it was.
"It's an automobile, stranger," was
the farmer's indulgent reply.
"General," he said to the Insurgent
leader, "the army grows restless. The
men need a diversion."
"Shoot another bunch of noncom
batants," suggested the eminent bush
"No use," replied the aide. "The fir
ing squad yawned over the last bunch.
One of the boys fell asleep and shot a
The fiery leader frowned.
"Gonaalvo," he said, "I greatly fear
we will have to start in and do some
more fighting." — Cleveland Plain
The American Tourist —The castle
is very old, you say?
The Native—lt dates back to the
The Tourist —It's had hard usage.
The Native (monotonously)—lt was
built in 1092, the tower was added in
1373, it was unroofed by Cromwell's
army in 1643 and burned by the mili
tants in 1914.
She —Pa says you haven't a very
He—You should have told him I had
a very lurid past
At the Art Gallery.
Mr. Cyrus Green —Molly, what is
that picture called in the catalogue?
Mrs. Green (reading)— Cows after
Mr. Green —By gosh! I see the
cows, but where is Rosa Bonheur?
In the Studio.
j The Lady—Of course, Mr. Cobalt,
they're awfully charming, but why da
you paint nothing but nudes?
The Artist—Cant afford to gown
'em, dear lady—fashions change so
What the Proposal Really Was.
"How did you propose to support
my daughter, sir?"
"I didn't propose to her to support
her at all. I only proposed to her to
'marry me." —Rehoboth Sunday Herald.
"Pop, were the knights of old law*
"What a question! Of course not
"Well, this book says every knight
had a lot of retainers."
A Neat Hit.
Gladys—Jack proposed to me last
Maude—He told me he didnt care
what became of him when I refuse*
him last week.
GAUGE FOR FITTING HINGES
Marks Place for Mortises Automatic
ally and Accurately—Most In
One of the most ingenious of the
new carpenter's tools is the hinge
gauge patented by an Illinois man. A
long bar with an end plate at the top
hag four slldable gauges mounted on
it To use this implement, the car
penter fastens the hinges on the door
and then ranges the bar along the
edge of the door with the end plate
resting on the top. He then adjusts
the gauge points at top and bottom
of the hinges and thus has an accu
rate measurement of the mortise re
quired and the distance they must be
from the top of the door frames, as
well as the distance apart The bar
is then placed against the dcor frame,
so that the end plate fits snugly at
the top, and the markings for the
mortise made by drawing lines inside
the gauge points.
TO INVENT ARTIFICIAL WOOD
French Experimenters After Many
Years of Study Have Substitute
—Straw Is Used.
The mythical New Englanders who
manufactured wooden nutmegs and
sold snoepegs for oats would have
been mightily astonished to learn that,
the time would come when mankind
would busy itself in trying to invent
artificial wood. In the days when the
forests were thought of as inoxhaust
ible wood was the article most used
as a substitute for other substances.
But matches were Invented, and news
papers, and now wood is an increas
ingly expensive article.
French experimenters working In
the vicinity of Lyons have Just pro
duced an artificial wood, sayg the
American consul at that city. The
new product has been found, after
years of study and experiments, the
most recent of which have given emi
nently satisfactory .esults. The proc
ess consists i" transforming straw
into a solid material having the re
sistance of oak. The straw is cut into
small pieces and reduced to a paste
by boiling. Certain chemicals are
then added. When the paste has been
reduced to a homogeneous mass it is.
put into presses, and planks, beams
and moldings are readily made. The,
new material can be sawed like nat
ural wood. It makes a good fuel,
emitting little smoke.
USE OF WRONG TYING TWINE
Much Trouble Caused Manufacturer
by Employment of Wrong Kindt
—Soft Varieties Much Used.
The use of wrong kinds of tying
twine causes the manufacturer much
trouble. A soft and pliable paper wool
twine is much used. Pictures show
how little twine can be satisfactorily
used —when it is the right kind—and
the amount needed when it is the
Robber is easily joined and made as.
strong as an original fabric, by soften
ing before a fire and laying the edges
carefully together without dust, dirt or
moisture between. The edges so Joined
must be freshly cut in the beginning.
Tubing can be unite* by Joining the
edges around a glass cylinder, which.
has previously been roiled with paper.
After the glass is withdrawn, the pa*
ncr is easily removed. Sift floor or
powdered soapstone through the tub*
Jo prevent the sides from adhering;
from accidental contact
Employers' Liability Law.
Thirty-seven states have employer*
liability laws, and in 17 of them tHe
old common law defense of "fellow
.errant*' has been abrogated, while in,
MTen others it baa been modified. j
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