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TWO BIG ISSUES,
The Tariff and the Proper Treat
ment oi Monopolies.
WON'T TIE TO ROOSEVELT.
"Actively Disagrees" With Hie Viewe
About Trusts and "Wastes of Com
petition" and Supports the Candi
dacy of Wilson and Marshall.
Collier's is out for Wilson and Mar
shall. It refuses to support Theodore
Roosevelt, |ilus George W. Perkius,
Elbridge 11. Gary and the rest of the
Steel trust h.irvester trust magnates.
Its open <i|iponltlon to the third term
tlcki'l "is Indicated in the issue of
§*!>( ii In tin issue of Sopt 21 its
IvuxmiM for rapouatng the Democrutlc
cause me clear ami forceful.
The leading editorial, "The Wastes of
"More and nmre the campaign Is
coming down to two premlug issues,
the tariff and the proper treatment of
monopolies. Collier's actively dis
agrees with the view of monopoly be
ing urged by Messrs. Roosevelt, Per
kins and Gary.
"They talk n great deal about the
wastes of competition. The necessary
wastes of competition are relatively In
significant, and the wastes of unfair
and destructive competition are wholly
unnecessary. They will be largely
eliminated wben competition Is regu
"The La Follette-Lenroot and the
Stanley bills to perfect the Sherman
law and the Newlands-Cummins pro
posals for an interstate trade commis
sion are all directed in part to that end.
The remaining wastes of competition
may be likened to the wastes of de
mocracy. These are obvious, but we
know also that democracy has com
pensations which render it more effi
cient than absolutism. So it it; in in
dustry. The margin between what
men naturally do and what they can
do is so great that the system which
urges men on to effort is the best sys
"The necessary wastes of monopoly,
on the other hand, ure enormous. Some
of these can, of course, be eliminated
by regulation. An efficient Interstate
trade commission, acting under appro
priate legislation, could put an end to
much of the oppression of which trusts
have boen guilty. It could prevent un
just discrimination. It could prevent
ruthless and unfair use of power; but
a government commission would be
powerless to secure for the people the
low prices commonly attendant upon
"As no means exist for determining
whether greater net earnings are due
to greater efficiency In management or
to excessive profits, large net earning?
■would tie followed by compulsory re
duction of prices, which in turn would
create a sense of Injustice suffered,
paralyze individual enterprise and pro
duce unprogressive, slipshod manage
ment. The attempt to secure low prices
through price firing would prove as im
potent as the statutes which have sought
to protect the public in railroad rates by
limiting the dividends.
"The interstate commerce commis
sion has been Invoked as an nrgument
In favor of licensing monopoly. That
commission has stopped many abuses;
It has practically put an end to cor
rupt and corrupting discrimination In
rates; It has protected the shipper
from oppression and arrogance and In
justice: it has prevented unreasonable
advances In rates; but It has secured
comparatively few notable reductions
In rates, except those Involved In stop
ping discrimination between persons,
places or articles. It has been powerless
to reduce operating costs, and greater re
duction* in rates can come only with re
ductions in the cnxt of producing trans
portation. The Injustice and corruption
attending the earlier railroad period
were extremely serious. But we must
not forget that the sweeping reductions
In American operating costs and rates
belong to the earlier period of competition
among railroads. In the ten years from
1889 to 1899. while competition among
the railroads was active, the freight
rate per ton per mile was gradually re
duced from .941 to .724. The years
1809-1900 marked the great movement
for combination or "community of in
terest" In the railroad world as well
as in the industrial world. The freight
rate per ton per mile began to rise. In
each of the eleven succeeding years It
was higher than In 1899. and In 1910
It was .753
"The deadening effect of monopoly
Is illustrated by Its arrest of inven
tion. The Rhoe machinery trust, form
ed in 1899. resulted in combining, di
rectly and indirectly, more than 100
■hoe machinery concerns. It acquired
substantially a monopoly of all the es
sential machinery used In bottoming
boots and shoes, as well as many oth
er machines. It believed itself unas
sailable, and shoe manufacturers bad
come to regard their subjection to the
trust as unavoidable. Nevertheless, In
1910 the trust found its prestige sud
denly thpentened and its huge profits
Imperiled. It was confronted with a
competitor so formidable that the
trust, in flagrant violation of law, paid
95.000.000 to buy him out. Thomas O.
Plant had actually succeeded in devel
oping in about five years, while the
trust was stolid from monopoly, a
Government Cost More Than
Doubled Under Roosevelt
DEMOCRATS' GREAT RECORD.
Startling Figures Which Bhow That the
Cost of Our National Existence and
the High Cost of Living Must Be
Under a proper downward revision
of the Republican turiff schedules the
people of the Uuited States would save
$2,000,000,000 with year, or over $100
per family on manufactured goods
President Taft's vetoes of the wool
tariff bill mid tbe steel tariff measure
passed by v Democratic house COST
THE PEOPLE OF THE UNITED
STATES ABOUT $650,000,000 PER
The cost ''. conducting the federal
government MOKE THAN DOUBLED
between the close of President Cleve
laud's second administration (Demo
cratic) and the beginning of President
Roosevelt's second administration (Re
As the DIRECT RESULT OF HIGH
REPUBLICAN TARIFF SCHED
ULES the people of the United States
pay a tax FROM NINE TO SEVEN
TY-EIGHT PUB CENT on food and
ordinary household articles used In the
home by every family, rich and poor.
The total cost of running the federal
government in 1800 was $50,000,000.
The amount appropriated at a single
session of the Sixty-first congress for
the fiscal year 1011 -$1,027,1 :i3,44G.44
--was more than double the amount—
$I)s4,49o,oss.l3—appropriated for the
fiscal years 1807 and 1808 tit both ses
sions of the Fiftj -fourth congress, the
last congress of the second Cleveland
Only eight years elapsed between the,
close of the second administration of
President Cleveland and the beginning
of the second administration of Presi
dent Roosevelt aud yet the amount ap
propriated during the four years of the
latter — $3,842,1203,577.15 — was more
than double that appropriated in the
four years Mr. Cleveland was at the
For 1910, the last fiscal year provided
for in congress under President Roose
velt, the highwater mark in appropria
tions^ 1,044,4( > 1,857.12-was reached.
President Tuft's estimate to the last
session of congress for government
support for the fiscal year was $1,040.
In other words, governmental ex
penses for the FOUR YEARS of Presi
dent Cleveland's administration (Dem
ocratic) were only $830,861,501.93 more
than President Tuft's (Republican) esti
mate of the amount necessary to cover
the expenses of ONE YEAR of Presi
dent Tuft's administration.
Congressman John ,T. Fitzgerald of
New York, n Democrat and chairman
of the committee on appropriations, in
addressing the house Aug. 20, 1912, on
the subject of appropriations said,
"Thoughtful men have watched with
alarm the rapid Increase In the cost of
government in the United States." He
further said that two causes seem re
sponsible for many present evils:
"One, the UNFAIR AND UNJUST
SYSTEM OF TAXATION by which
an undue shnre of income by those
whose circumstances in life are not
considered more thnn reasonably com
fortable Is taken through our customs
laws for the support of our govern
ment; the other, the difficulty or Inabil
ity to readjust our system of taxation
and to remove many taxes from the
necessaries of life, so long us the GOV
ERNMENT IS EXTRAVAGANTLY
CONDUCTED, or the Instrumentali
ties provided for the conduct of the
public service are either inefficient 01
are not utilized so as to render the
most effective and comprehensive re
Mr. Fitzgerald then called attention
to the fact that the Democratic party
pledged Itself If Intrusted with power
to do two thtngs-REDUCE TARIFF
DUTIES AND RETRENCH PUB
LIC EXPENDITURES by eliminating
waste in administration and the aboli-
tiun of useless, Inexcusable offices.
The Republicans talk about tariff
revision, and yet when a Democratic
house In fulfilling Democratic promises
to the people reduced the tariff, a Re
publican president vetoed the measure.
"By their works shall ye know them."
Democrats In every state of the
Union should organize and prepare
for polling a record breaking vote Nov.
6. Be It remembered that no matter
how certain victory seems, overconfl
dence Is always dangerous.
Is there nny reason why the Demo
cratic party should go out of existence
simply because Mr. Roosevelt has tak
en up the Progressive measures adopt
ed by the Democrats eighteen years
ago?—W. J. Bryan.
Mr. Roosevelt stood an a guarantor
for Mr. Taft. Mr. Bryan says. "Now.
when Roosevelt has failed so utterly
in bis Judgment of men. I ask can he
pass correct Judgment on himself 7"
The Colville Examiner, Saturday, October 12, 1912
JOKE ON LABOR
Brandeis Shows Right to Or
ganize Is Not Recognized.
THE PLATFORM IS SILENT.
Noted Lawyer Exposes the Flim«ines»
of Promises Made to Workingman by
Perkins and His Candidate, Who
Stands For Private Monopoly.
"The new party pledges itself to so
cial mid industrial Justice und specific
ally to 'work unct'iisingly for effective
legislation looking to the prevention of
occupational diwfl«en, overwork, invol
untiiry uneuip toy Blent and other in
jurious effects Incident to modern In
dustry, • • • but nowhere In that
long and comprehensive platform
• • ♦ can then.* be found one word
approving the fundamental right of
labor to organize or even recognizing
this right without which all other
grunts and comessious for improve
ment of the condition of the working
man are futile* The platform promises
social and Industrial justice, but does
not promise industrial democracy. The
Justice which it offers is that which
the benevolent and wise corporation
is prone to administer through its wel
fare department There is no promise
of that Justice which free American
workiugmen are striving to secure for
themselves through organization. In
deed, the industrial policy advocated
by the new party would result In the
denial of labor's right to organize.
"The new part} 1 stands for the per
petuation and extension of private
monopoly in Industry—that private
monopoly from which the few have
ever profited at the expense of the
many and for the dethronement of
which the people have, in the past,
fought so many valiant battles. That
cursed product of despotism, the new
party, proposes to domesticate In our
republic, proclaiming. 'We do not fear
commercial power.' Certainly organ
ized labor has bad experience with the
great trusts which should teach all
men that commercial power may be so
great that it is-- the part of wisdom to
The above declaration was made by
Louis D Branded before the conven
tion of the American Federation of
Labor. Massachusetts state branch, at
PMtcbburg, Sept is
Of Supreme Importance.
He artfea a careful study of the new
party platform, particularly its effect
upon labor, noting not only WHAT IT
CONTAINS, but WHAT IT OMITS,
adding, "When you make that exami
nation you will find that there is a
significant omission and that this skill
fully devised platform TAKES FROM
LABOR MORE THAN IT GIVES."
Labor Record of Trusts.
Mr. Brandels then lays bare the la
bor record of the trusts, declaring that
"great trusts—the steel trust, the sug
ar trust, the beef trust, the tobacco
trust, the smelter trust and a whole
troop of lesser trusts—have made the
extermination of organized labor from
their factories the very foundation
stone of their labor policy. The abili
ty to defeat lalmr's right to combine
seems to have been regarded by the
trust magnates as a proper test of the
efficiency of their capitalistic combina
Mr. Brumleis shows thnt in 1809,
during the Colorado smelters' strike,
the Amerlcnn Smelting and Kenning
company closed its mills where the
strikers had been employed and trans
ferred the work to other mills, thus
breaking the strike. The United States
Steel corporation had similar success
In 1901 with I lie Amalgamated Asso
ciation of Iron and Steel Workers.
Had the association been dealing with
competing employers the result would
have been different. The United States
Steel trust was prompt In introducing
this plan. June 17, 1901, six weeks
after It began its operation. Its execu
tive committee passed this vote, which
was offered by Charles Steele, a part
ner of George W Perkins In the firm
of J. P. Morgan & Co.:
"That we lire unalterably opposed to
any extension of union labor and ad
vise subsidiary companies to take firm
position when these questions come up
and say that thp.v nre not going to rec
ognize It—that Is. any extension of un
ion In mills where they do not now
Union Men Not Wanted.
The result was that the bulk of
Amerlcnn union laboring men In the
Iron and steel Industry were made to
understand that they were not wanted
at the works of the United States Steel
corporation. Places once filled by
American laborers loyal to their union
were given to others, and, as the Stan
ley committee found. "Hordes of la
borers from southern Europe poured
into the United States." • • «
Hence about 80 per cent of the un
skilled laborers In the Iron and steel
business are foreigners of these classes.
the profits going to the steel corpora
tion. Mr Brandeis declared that "the
Immediate and continuing result of
the steel trust's triumph over organ
ized labor has been an extensive sys
tem of espionage and repression."
There has heen no disturbance of
business Interests during this presiden
tial pnmpnlcn Why? Confidence In
the Integrity of the Democratic nomi
nees and right* purposes of the party.
BtMTMM County il.-n Win Both nilll
In the contest Instituted by the
Spokesman-Review tor the best written
letter on the distribution of farm pro
duce, which closed August 11, first prize
was awarded B. I. lingers of Boifburg,
and second went to P. M. Simpson of
It is evident that Mr. Simpson has
made a close study of the principles of
co-operation, as his solution of the
problem is by co-operation In the full
est sense of the word. That he believes
in co-operation is evidenced by the fact
that be is an active granger, Is sec-
ietary-treasurer of the local farmers'
union, a stockholder in the Farmers'
store In Colville, and also In a big co
operative concern In Spokane. He
■Utei that it is through his activity
along the same lines that has resulted
in a new price level being made on
slumping powder and fencing wire the
past season. His connection with "big
business" In the employ of the North
ern Pacific railway in the past has
been of value to him, and gives him
a good understanding of the way busi
ness is handled.
Mr. Simpson's opinion !s that the
fiinnerß of this seU'on are behind those
<»f most of the northwest In not having
a storage warehouse for their produce.
He .says: "There can be no successful
effort made to establish a market until
the produce is ready for shipment, and
it certainly is not when stored at the
ranch anywhere up to 20 miles or more
from the railway. The first cost of
such facilities would be very small to
the Individual when divided among
the large number of farmers who would
benefit by it, and the running expense
would be taken care of by a small stor
age charge. The farmers should then
store their produce In the warehouse
until marketed, and the market will
come as soon as the produce is ready to
■hip, if proper steps were taken to de
velop It. The farmer is at a disad
vantage In that Ms produce has first
In be concentrated and then redistrib
uted, while a manufactured product is
already concentrated at the point of
manufacture. This can be offset only
by active and organized effort on the
part of the farmer. The manufacturer
has already solved his problem."
Carl C. Kratzensteln, manager of .T. G.
Tanner Drug Store, Santa Cruz, Oalif..
writes: "We have sold Poley & I,'orn
pany's medicines for the past 20 ..cars
and have yet to bear our first complaint,
or of a dissatisfied customer. Their
remedies are pure, made as represented,
and contain no Injurious substa.ices.
On the contrary, our experience shows
us that the company's aim has always
been to make health giving and hililth
maintaining remedies." Carroll Drug
Hew C. S. Treadwell of Pomeroy, this
state, formerly pastor of tha Colville
Baptilt church, is visiting this week
with his brother, K. A. Treadwell. and
bis parents, who iive about a mile out
"Generally debilitated for years. Had
sick headache, lacked ambition, was
worn out and all run down. Burdock
Wood Bitters made me a well woman."
—Mrs. Chas. Freitoy, Moosup, Co'i.—
Mrs. I. C. Hastier, Grand Island, l-'ev.,
lias something she wishes to say about
Foley's Honey a.id Tar Compound. "My
three children bud a very severe vtmok
of whooping cough an 1 suffered groatly.
A friend recommended Foley's H .ney
and Tar Compound, and it did them
more good than anything I gave ihum.
l am glad to reoommond it." Ca-roii
James Carey, druggist of Seattle, Is
the guest of bis brother In Colville,
Hon. I). H. Carey. On Monday, in com
pany with Pat O'Mahony, the Careys
went out into the wilds on a hunting
The name—D.ian s inspires conflil-nee
—Doan's Kidney Pills for kidney Ills.
Doan's Ointment for skin Itching.
Doan's Regulets for a mild laxative.
Sold at all drug stores.—Adv.
Some Stevens county property will
l.c sold by Sheriff Miller at the court
house In Colville, on the 19th day of
October. The official advertisement is
being published in this journal.
John Velbert, Foster. Calif., st.ie.i:
"I have suffered many years with kid
ney and bladder troubles and althi igh
I have paid hundreds of dollars to lioc
tors and have taken all kinds of kllney
medicines, I could never get any roiief
until I tried Foley Kidney Pills and they
effected a complete cure. I have lever
been bothered with my old troible
since." Carroll Drug Company.—Adi'.
Will H. Adams, state pure food In
spector, was in Colville Wednesday
officially looking ever food stuff manu
factured, bought or sold in the city.
Mr. Adams stated that his report from
Colville would be good. In his Inspec
tion of the Stevens County Meat Com
pany, after carefully looking over their
racks, refrigerators, lard and sausage
rooms and poultry pens, he stated to
the manager that he would make his
roport in just two words, "very good."
He then drove out to the stock yards
and slaughter hou&es of the same firm
and made the statement that It was one
of the cleanest places of the kind he
had seen In the state. He visited a num
ber of other places and found condi
tions generally good.
Farmers, mechanics, railroaders, la
borers, rely on Dr. Thomas' Eclectic Oil.
Fine for cuts, burns, bruises. Should
be kept in every home. 25c and 50c.—
All the usual services at the First
Methodist Episcopal church on Sun
day, beginning v.lth Sunday school at
10 o'clock. At Jl o'clock the pastor,
M. L. Sanders, will preach from the
subject, "Who Shall Ascend Into the
Hill of the Lord" Subject of the even
ing sermon, "A Ship to Tarsish." Ep
worth league at G:."!(). Prayer meeting
on Wednesday evening. You will find
a cordial welcome. Strangers made
J. L,. Kane of Kane, VVashtnßton, was
In Colvllle last Saturday. He Is organ
izing a company to handle the iirlft
that comes down the Columbia ~iver
every season. John B. Slater of Col
vllle is his attorney.
Bilious? Feel heavy after dinner?
Bitter taste? Complexion sallow? I Iver
perhapa needs waking up. I Joan's Ittjr
ulets for bilious attacks. 26c at all
——■inn i g»3tgg.ai !■ 11— ■■ M^iajiijjg^ ..JgMllieM^ll—— wm
Plants May Be Kept
Through Zero Weather
You cam ot afford to lose your house plants
which you have given so much time and care in
Coles Original Air-Tight Wood Heater
will keep fire and heat throughout the winter.
One fire is all you need build from fall until
It is guaranteed—
—To remain always air tight.
—To change the temperature of a room from
freezing to 70 degrees in five minutes' time.
—To burn wood, corn cobs, trash and lighter
—To be the cleanest, most convenient and
safest wood heater manufactured
—To be the most economical and most stay
satisfactory heater you can buy.
Cole's Original Air-Tight Heaters are made
with plain finish— easy to keep clean.
Plain finish of Cole's stoves and ranges like
plain dress of best people —a mark of quality.
Allow us to show you the detailed construction
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Price $3 Md Use Cars in Se-
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to Style and 1 lIC JV. Ej. JUtJC KjU. Which Will
Finish. 303 i h Last lor Years.
A Distinctive VaCUUITI Cleaned
Feature on the
Odicmxai I ,M,Tcn "A new broom sweeps clean." but
a vacuum cleaner swallows the
■1,,. | '" l dust and leaves everything it
'''illlll'llll'i'i'"""""**""" " touches — clothing, upholstery,
flO^^^OTSsSs^^^CSuil^ HIM 'Wl fK fST FSp^T" car P ets —-immaculate. Every
f 11 ' 's '10use c'eanmg day on the
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jT~- \ •IrNJVii' *^c Great Northern Railway's
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■»**4 i """idllli °i i«Tl""'«»i»5r apolis and Chicago. 11
l ■fill I, ■ll%|||jiii' */'"Jik X Every car is new, electric-lighted [
ll!!li!il^T\?m', if a"d spotlessly clean. Compart- I
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You cannot get a good woather and waterproof roof for your
building from a poor roofing.
The roof of your building is the most important part of it
and unless your roofing is right, there will be no
• peace of mind for those who live under it.
A roof that leaks causes no end of trouble,
beside a lot of damage.
The best way to protect yourself from these unnecessary
troubles, is to use Malthoid Roofing.
The makers of Malthoid Roofing guarantee it to be a
perfect roofing —to give satisfaction and to last as long
as the building it covers, provided it is properly laid
and ordinary care is taken of it.
Twenty-eight years of experience enables The Paraffine Paint Co.,
of San Francisco and Chicago Heights to
guarantee Malthoid Roofing under these conditions.
To be absolutely sure that you have no roofing troubles, buy
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The R. E. Lee Co.