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OF GOOD ROADS
r operation Only Remedy Foi
MUST USE THE LO6 DRAG.
Long and Consistent Work With Thit
Simple Instrument Will Work Won
dare—Watch tha Crown—Drainage
Important In Dirt Roads.
Tne good roads problem ewmtel t*
so problem at all ir the people aa ■
whole would work together It Is Jus
as much to tbe interest ut the city uiai
•a tbe farmer.
Tnere la do Influence thnt f nioirajW'i
community Improvement :m<l rurm de
TelopmeDt more tbnn pro*id minis Vm
or I would rather tin ni « kajMl ten aattt*
over a good road tbnn tive uillt-ti ovei
BOAD BEFORE SYSTEMATIC DIIAQOINQ.
a bad one. Good roads bring the no»r
ket ueurer to tbe farm aud uinke tb»
farm more desirable In turn gi»"'
roads enlHrge tbe tmde territory o!
tbe town. A country borne out trom
tbe city five miles over a well kept
road is in reality neurer tbnn one sit
uated considerably closer which l>
reached over a bad road Fifteen prist's
ia not a long drive over a finely kept
highway. , It is prohibitive through
muck or over a rutted, bumpy. Ma
racking, uncared for way.
Tbe road drug U tbe one Impleuwoi
at hand that will make aud keep got*l
roads at a low cost A road drug can
be made at an ex|«ense of less than
in material and labor, und it will d<>
more work and better work than Ban
grader ut aDy cost it will operate
with one man and a team, and a gmd
er requires three teams and as many
men at least If all tbe money that
is spent on the grader to tbe detri
ment of tbe road was put into drag
ging there would be a great improve
ment In the highways. Because a
township has a grader on hand is no
reason or excuse for using it to tear
np and ruin roads.
A perfect dirt road can't be made
with a drag In a day or a week and
acarcely in a year, but long and con
aistent use of It is bound to make a
good road finally. The main trouble
now with the drag is that It la used
only spasmodically In many cases and
then not at tbe right time. There la a
certain time after a rain when the
mud is not entirely dried and yet Is In
ahaj* to be dragged Into tbe ruts and
uneven plnces of the grade, in this
THE BASK ROAD AFTER DRAOOISO.
condition it pacts like putty, and trav
el on it beats It until It la almoat aa
nurd as n pavement and practically
impervious to water. Wbeu tbe roads
are dragged t>efore tbey are dry there
are no little lumps to be ground Into
Tbe making aud keeping of the prop
er cmwu on the roads are another mat
ter that should tie given close conald
eration. After dragging the roada a
louc time tbe center of the highway
may t-econie too full. Tbls condition
has not lieen reached generally, bot It
luay be. it Is then time to turn the
drag and throw tbe dirt out from tbe
center toward the edges.
A roadway well drained at the aldee
and treated with tbe drag consistently,
faithfully and aclentiacally will never
get very bad. It will be excellent to
drive over eleven and one-half month*
of the year.—Road Maker.
Cotuwltbiittmi nf ffhr JarifU ftict ani Ibr Cnnnrn *uti
Here it the Associated Press' guess
of the personnel of the next president's
Secretary of stale, William J. Bryan.
Secretary of the treasury. Henry
Morganthau, New York.
Secretary of war, Repreaenative
Mitchell Palmer, Pennsylvania.
Secretary of navy, Harry St. George
Attorney general, William F. Mc-
Comba, New York, or W. A Glasgow
Postmaster general. Josepbus Dan
iels, North Carolina.
Secretary of the Interior, Ex—Gover
nor Oaburn, Wyoming.
Secretary of agriculture, Repreaena
tive Albert Sydney Burleson. Texas.
Secretary of commerce and labor,
Repreaenative William C. Redfield,
This list is not official by any means,
and it is problematical, also, whether
or not all of tbe men mentioned would
accept a portfolio if it were offered by
Whitewash for Oyster
Plain whitewash is a simple and ef
fective remedy for oyster ahell scale,
frequently called oyster ahell bark
louse, which ia sometimes a serious
pest to young fruit trees, lilacs and
o'Jieromaroentals Canadian experi
ment* ahow that It ia the best and
cheapest material to use for this pur
pose. Make the waah of 40 pounds
lime, 40 gallons water and eight
pounds salt; spray the trees immediat
iv after the leave* fall. As soon as
the first application has dried, spray a
lb* whitewash loosens the scales and
break* their attachment to tbe twigs,
ao that they are washed off by rain aod
snow. An application of lime-aulpbur
itself doea not seem to be particularly
effective. —[Farm and Home.]
LYNDEN, WASHINGTON, THURSDAY, JANUARY 2, 1913
"Blowing the Bubbles of Fate"
At the mystic threshold of life's climb
The New Year sits sedate,
A-blowintf through the pipes of Time
The bubbles of our fate.
The extensive experiments in wood
distillation and land clearing which
will be conducted at the university for
the next few months by federal offi
cials in conjunction with the depart- 1
ment of chemistry arc likely to be of
the greatest value to the state, says
the Post Intelligencer. They will aid
toward a solution of one of our great
There are in Western Washington
great areas of exceedingly fertile land
which have been reduced to cultiva
tion. Tbe heavy timber which form
erly covered these lands has been re
moved and cut up into himt>er, but the
stumps and mnch of the debris of log
ging operations remain, while iv most
instances the land has become thickly
covered by a new growth. Where por
tions of the land have been cleared and
cultivated, the returns from farmine o
perations have shown that there is lit
tle better land to be found anyw *iere in
the world. But the cost of clearing,
especialy where the work is undertak
en by an individual with limited capi
tal, reaches a very high figure. At
that, the earnings of the land really
warrant the investment in clearing,
but not enough people realize this fact.
It is easy to show, from latioratory
experiments, that values can lie recov
ered from the slumps and other waste
on the deforested lands to recoup the
w hole cost of clearing. The jiractica.l
application of the theories is yet to be
made' The work at the university W
in the nature of a practical application
of laboratory exi>erimenis to commer
Large windows should tie used in
lighting a stable, and they should be
pot rather low. More light will be dif
fused through a large window than
through several small ones. Windows
too high do not admit the light prop
erly, while If they are too low there Is
danger of breaking the glass.—lowa
Windows For tho Stable.
A well ventilated cellar is the best
place to operate an incubator.
The machine should be opi»erat«d ac
sording to the manufacturer's direc
Eggs saved for hatching purposes
should not be subjected to high or low
In cold weather place from ten to
thirteen eggs under the hen; in w arm
weather from thirteen to fifteen.
Always test the hen on china or nest
eggs before setting.
Given proper care and attention, the
hen is the most valuable incubator for
Use insect powder freely to exter
If several h*>ns are set id one room it
is t<est to confine them in good nests
Straw and hay make good nesting
Setting hens should be moved at
Whole corn is a good feed for settiDg
I hens. Water, grit, and dust bath;.
| should also be provided.
All eggs should be teated by the sev
! enth day, which often makes it possi
j ble to reset some of the hens.
Toe-mark the chicks as soon as they
: are hatched.
Powder the chicks occasionaly during
| the first eight weeks.
Start the brooder a day or two be
fore putting in the chicks, to see that
the heating apparatus is working prop
Brooder lamps should be cleaned
Chicks ahould not Vie fed until they
are thirty-six hours old.
In cool' weather ten to thirteen
chicks are sufficient under one hen,
while in warmer weather fifteen to
twenty can he cared for successfully.
Never mix chicks of different agea.
Confine the hen until the chicks are
Tht coop for hens and chicks should
lie well ventilated, easy to clean, and
of sufficient proportions to insure com
Hogs in the Orchard
On July 1 we turned into our orchaid
three shouts weighing 100 pounds each.
Odo month later we lost the smallest
one. We fed them milk twice daily
and for the first month about four
quarts of grain. When the apples be
gan to fall we stopped feeding grain
and when there were more apples than
they could pick up daily we omitted
the milk. They had excess to running
water, and on September 1 they weigh
ed 250 and 225 pounds reepectively.
They turned over about two acres of
ground which we wished to plow aa a
means of improving the orchard. We
find money in hogs. [Farm and Home ]
Winter Care of Ewes.
The farm ewes. If any are kept,
should be maintained in pood shape
during the fall ao that they will enter
tbe winter season In a good state of
health, vigor and thrift- They shonld
browse over the rai»e and grass pas
turage as long as It lasts and then
should l>e furnished adequate umounts
of grain In addition to plenty of roots,
silage nDd alfalfa hny. Managed In
this way the ewes develop Into pro
lific breeders that not uncommonly
drop twins and triplets. Experienced
sheep men maintain that a neck of
grain fed to the ewea in the fall la
worth more than a bushel of grain
that is stuffed into the animals during
the late winter In a futile attempt to
flesh tbem up before tbe lambing sea
Tho Poet's Roost
William Watson says of the poet.
"He sits above the clang and duet of
This might Indicate that be takes to
the roof when his wife begins her
spring houaecleanlng.—Cleveland Plain
TRIBUNE FOR JOB PRINTING.
COWS MILK FLOW.
The time to bring a herd of cows up
to their maximum milk production la
shortly after tbey have calved. For a
week or two after a cow has dropped
her calf care must be taken not to
overfeed her, for there is (Treat danger
of doing injury, at least for that period
of lactation, says Hoard's Dairyman.
Feed lightly at first, gradually Increas
ing the allowance as the animal re
covers from the strain of parturition
and co long as she responds generously
to the increased amount of feed.
For a cow weighing 1,000 pounds It
la well to feed daily thirty pounds of
silage and from eight to twelve pounds
of good clover or alfalfa bay. The
amount of grain fed will depend to a
large degree upon the capacity of the
cow and her ability to do work. It
is well to begin with an allowance of
only three to four pounds of feed daily
and gradually Increase It so long at
the animal responds with an Increased
flow of milk. When she ceases to do
this, drop the feed a pound or two.
As a rule, cows fed good silage and
clover or alfalfa hay and produce milk
testing from to 4 per cent will re
quire not more than one pound of
grain for each four pounds of milk
produced. We consider this generous
Photo by Kansas Agricultural college.
Maid Henry, tha cow here ahown,
la a thirteen-year-old Holsteln own
ed by the Kansas Agricultural col
lege. In the last ten months she
has made a net profit of SSCZ.SC for
her owners. Her output in that
time waa 1,1?. quarts, which aold
for 8 cents a quart It wouid have
made 7X pounds of butter. She waa
fed corn chop, bran, ollmeal, a few
around oats, alfalfa hay and corn
and cane silage. The average coat
of her teed waa about 40 cents a
day, or SUB for the ten months.
The total value of her milk at I
centa a quart waa US2M.
feeding. Of course If It Is the object
of tbe feeder to make a large record
to Bbow the extreme ability of the cow
tt would not be considered enough
We look upon tbe cow as an animal
that haa two functions to perform—
milk production and the production of
a strong calf. If a higher record is to
be made the animal should not be bred
for five or six months and maybe long
er after calving, but If good dairy
work is desired and there is an object
In raising a good, strong calf tbe ani
mal should be bred about three months
after dropping her calf. This will per
mit her to freshen once a year, and it
ahe la not forced she will give birth
to atrong and healthy calves. A rest
of from six to eight weeks should be
Cowa that have established theli
milk flows—that is, have been milked
for two months or more—cannot be
materially raised In milk production
by any system of feeding. We have
mentioned the use of silage and hay.
which we believe should form the
foundation of all dairy rations, but if
there is no silage the next best thing
la roots. If roots are fed then give a
liberal amount of good hay, preferably
clover or alfalfa, and increase the grain
as we suggested where silage is incor
porated into the ration.
Charcoal For Hogs.
Charcoal, asbes and salt help to keer
tbe bog's digestive system In good con
dition and should be kept -within the
reach of tbe animals at all times.
Corncobs make good charcoal. By
digging a pit about four feet deep and
quite a bit smaller at tbe bottom thaD
at the top It Is a simple matter to pre
pare the corncob charcoal in the right
form for tbe hogs. Start a fire at tbe
bottom of the pit and gradually fill tbe
pit with cobs and cover with a sheet
iron cover as soon as filled, and In
about twelve hours' time there will be
a good grade of cbarcoaL Five bushels
of this charcoal, one bushel of wood
asbes, six pounds of salt, two quarts
of air slaked lime, two pounds of sul
phur and one pound of copperas make
an excellent mixture to pluee In feed
ing boxes, where the hogs may bare
access to it at all times. Such 8 mix
ture is at once a food, vermifuge and
WEARINESS OF LIFE.
It is the outward distractions
of life, the examples of the
world and the irresistible influ
ence exerted upon us by the
current of things which make us
forget the wisdom we have ac
quired and the principles we
have adopted. That is why life
is such weariness.—Henri Fred
Chores represent another formid
able reason why boys leave the
No. 28 ,