I Vol. 5
BITRUS CROPS ARE
MENACED BY COLD
California Fruits Are Damaged
to the Extent of Millions
Loa Angeles.—Freezing weather,
•ucb as southern California has not
experienced in 20 years swept down
' from Tehacbapi's top on the great
orange belt of San Bernardino, Ven
tura, Riverside, Los Angeles, Ouuge
and Ban Diego counties.
Damage estimated at many millions
of dollars 1b being wrought to citrus
fruits, in spite of the desperate efforts
of the growers to check the menace
by smudging. At Covina tbe mercury
dropped to 22 degrees.
For the most part the sudden drop,
despite the United States weather bu
reau's warning, was totally unexpect
ed by tbe people, and not more than
a tenth of the growers, it is reported,
Chicago.—Winter, as the term is un
derstood in the Great Lakes region,
already more than three months over
due, made another and more success
ful attempt Sunday to fasten itself
upon the middle west. The deudly
cold, originating in western Canada,
where 16 degrees below zero prevail
ed at many points, spread rapidly over
the country. It reached Chicago in
the form of a snow storm, which later
turned to rain and still later to heavy
aleet, with continued falling of tbe
Grain traders are apprehensive of
great damage to winter wheat. Tbey
aay the fields are bare, and a siege of
cold weather will kill the plant. There
is said to be practically no snow cov
ering the wheat area in four or five
Turks Will Make New Concessions
London. —Danger of a rupture of
peace negotiations seems to have been
averted by the probability that Turkey
will make fresh concessions.
From authoritative eources* it Is said
the powers, through their ambassa
dors here and at Constantinople, have
exerted strong pressure at Constanti
nople for moderation.
PENNIES TO PAY FINES
Many Letters and Telegrams of Sym
Reuse. Idaho. —Penny contributions
to pay the $500 fines assessed against
R. S. Sheridan and C. O. Broxon, pub
Usher and editor of the Boise Capital
New s, who are now serving a 10 days'
Sentence in the Ada county jail for
contempt of court are coming by the
hundreds from ail parts of Idaho, and
from a number of outside points.
Messages from many prominent pro
ap-eßsives were received extending
Sympathy and support to the impris
oned men. Chief of these was a tele
gram from Colonel Roosevelt to Pro
gressive State Chairman Gipson, ex
fending his sympathy and admiration.
He also has communicated with Pro
gressive senators to see if something
cannot be done in the United States
eenate to call attention to what be
terms an "outrage."
Customs Men Are Drowned in Gale
San Diego, Cal. —The greatest ma
rine disaster in the vicinity of San
Diego in many years occurred Satur
day night at Point of Rocks and Im
perial beach, when three small vessels
wer swept ashore by the high wind
«nd raging sea and dashed to pieces.
. The illfated craft were the United
States Immigration Inapector s launch,
Elizabeth, the fishing power boat Old
Mick, of Ban Diego, and an unidenti
fied aloop. Seven men are known
to have been drowned.
Princeton. N. J—President-elect
w'lleon has made clear that nobody
ln tbe United States knew as yet who
wasgolng to be ln his cabinet, or what
could be tbe program be would aug
» rt for the next congress. He declar
ed he had not offered a single cabinet
portfolio to anyone thus far, and had
reached no conclusions as to plans for
lie extra aeaaion.
Mr. Wilson aaid that, while he had
canvassed a variety of subjects and
had talked over many names with
democratic leaders, he had not given
an Intimation either as to his aelec
tions or his course with respect to
.egialation. He indicated, however,
that he expected the extra session
would not be devoted exclusively to
tariff, making, and aaid he would_spe
(InnaoliJaltmi af <ir.r Jjarifu JJdnt ana abr Ipnfirn frtm
cify In a special message some or the
subjects upon which he would like leg
Tfce President-elect admitted he was
finding the task of cabinet making
difficult. He said he would delay an
nouncements until he could name hit
Two voluntary offers aggregating
$60, Out' for tbe endowment of a union
nondenominational university ln Spo
kane, and tbe offer of land for tbe
site, were announced at the closing
session of the Pacific coast parlia
ment of tbe Christian churches, and
assures tbe founding of a university
in Spokane or some other city of the
The Whitman county legislators
elect met in Pullman Monday, Janu
ary' *. to inspect Washington State
college, learn the needs of the school,
and get acquainted with tbe people
of Pullman. Most of tbe day was
spent at the college in order that the
legislators might become acquainted
with the demands of the school upon
Health "Commissioner James E.
Cricbton, of Seattle, has issued an or
der prohibiting smoking by the 200
attaches of his department between
tbe hours of 8 a. m. and 6 p. m., except
during the lunch hour. After April 1
the same order will apply to the 100
or more engaged in the collection of
garbage when this work is taken over
by Crichton's department.
Owing to anow in the hills few of
the logging camps in the Columbia
river district will resume operations
for a month or two. Some camps will
remain inactive, as far as logging goes,
until the latter part of March. Log
gers declare that the cost of getting
out the material is so high during tbe
wet and cold weather that it does not
pay, even at the fair prlcea now being
paid for logs.
J. \V. Wilmore, the venerable
Lynden stage driver, claims credit
for having traveled more miles over
the roads of this county than any
other person, in a given time He
has driven the stage between Bell
'iflmm and Lynden for eight year 3.
During the first five years he made
one round trip a day, excepting Sun
day, and during three years he
averaged three trips a week.
• • •
The round trip distance between
Rellingham und the Gem City is
thirty miles, and Mr. Wilniore fig
ures that he has traveled at lefts*
65,734 miles in making the tripf.
At this rate he has covered t..e
distance around the earth twl c
with 1 5,7 34 miles to the good on
the third trip, and he expected to
complete the distance necessary co
make a total of 75,0 00 miles, as he
only lacks 9,246 miles. At the rate
of thirty miles a day for ea<'h
week day he would have covered
the distance around the world three
times in nine years. He is nearly
7 5 years of age, and despite his
three-score and fifteen years, i 3
comparatively hale and hearty. Mr
Wilmore is not a believer in the
Osier theory, for he says he ex
pects to pass many milestones on
hiß life road before answering the
final summons. He averß that the
wear and tear of work makes a
man rugged and strong. He has
bounced over the puncheon and
corduroy roads, planks und gravel,
and Buys the b,ump of the stage
wade him strong.
• I •
To make accurate weather nota- ,
lions, showing climatic conditions. |
rain, snow, sunshine and clouds, as j
well as temperature twice a day.]]
morning and evening, day in and ]
day out, is a tusk that few would ]
care to perform, yet this was done ]
in 1908 hy J. W. Wilinore, a yen- ]
erultle citizen of Lyndtn, aged 31]
years. 1 t
His diary showß a oomplete recort i
of weather for each of the Sf.G days 1
of 1908. His notations were indit- i
ed as regular as clock work At 1
(! o'clock each morning he noted «
the temperature and at 6 o'clock *
p. m. he did likewise. The day's at-,'
niospheric condition, precipitation 1
etc., were also carefully jotted in '
the book. 1
According to Wilmore's record '
January' 1. 1908, was a veritable 1
Chinook duy. The day's record is:
"January 1, 190 S. temperature
Ca. in., 32 degrees above zero; 6 1
p. m.. 30 degrees above zero; turn- j
ing warm night before New Year's j
snow all gone: heavy rHin."
The balance of the week the (
thermometer ruled high and rain (
nnd clouds were interspersed with ,
Intermittent sunshine. This con
dition continued until January 26;
when a northeast wind appeared ac
companied by heavy frost, ice one
;'ourth of an inch thick, the sun
klione all day, but the air wns chil
ly. Three days of this weather pre
vailed; there was one iurh of snow ,
on January 29 and 30. Cold north
east winds prevailed the balance of ,
• • •
February was ushered in with ,
cold winds, snow, ice and frequent
sunshine. The entire month was
LYNDEN, WASHINGTON, THURSDAY, JANUARY 9, 19/3
of the cold, disagreeable order, but
during the last four days the tem
perature began to rii=e.
» • •
March came in like a lamb and
went out like a lion. The sun shone
on March 1 and the thermometer
was high, and on the last day the
mercury had dropped a few notches
On St. Patrick's Day the tempera-1
lure was chilly. i
Snow, warm rain, cloudy, chilly
are among the description* for
April. April Wilmore plant, dj
corn. April I*l found ice, a big:
frost, and chilly air. Clouds and
sunshine intermingled and April 30
is noted as "holießt day, thermom
eter G a. m., 4C degrees above zero,
6 p. m., 74 degrees above.
• # a
May was a merry month and the
days were full of sunshine. wind
and clouds. Memorial Day, May
80, the sun shone nearly nil day.
June proved to be the proverb
ial time for the sunlight to kiss ihe
loses. There were few clouds and
exceptionally chilly nights.
* * * »
July was a fit companion for
June. July Fourth, Independence
Day, there was a slight wind and
the sun shone all day. Ootids
sprinkled the skies a few days dur
ing the month, but there are many
notations of sunshine.
• * •
August took up the reins drop
ped by July and the first days of
the month were crowned with sun-'
si:ine and line warm breezes. By!
the middle of the month, fog and
smoke began to dim the sky, but as
a whole August was a fair month.
• • • •
September was a glorious con
tinuance of tbe early part of Au
gust. The sky was lurid, with a
few clouds, a few chilly nights, light
showers, sun and smoky. On Sept
ember -1 is noted: "Killing frost
• • • •
October was full of cloudy days .
and a few showeis of rain, but of
no particular note are recorded.
November is characterize d by nu
merous mem ions of clouds, rain
and sun, especially the latter. The '
latter part of the month frost ana ,
ice prevailed. ,
The weather became freakish in .
December. Notation on December
1, reads: "Northeast wind; sun '
all day; ice one-half inch thick on P
j water in tub." The sun shone for*-!
seven consecutive days, and the
; five days following are noted as
i "cloudy." Chinook winds appeared
December IS. Chilly wind.clouds. It
J sun and rain prevailed. Christmas 'i
i Day the sun shone until noon and j
in the afternoon there was a heavy '
rain accompanied by Chinook winds.
December 2St is designated aa "First 1
snow; just a little ice." December, 1
31, the last day of the month and <
year. is described as follows: .
"Northeast wind; sun all flay; a dis-: ,
[agreeable day; water froze strong .
in water tubs: ice froze in well six
feet down to water." '
- . o I
SUICIDES IN 1912.
The record of suicides shows an
increase, the number for 1!»12 b»- i
ing 12,981 as compared with 12.- •
24 2 in IHII. The p-'oportion of sui
cides as between men and women
i T?.f>L Suieq 'r»nii:s auj jnoqc sununcu '
males and 5349 females. Physician* I '
ins usual, head ihe list among pro-:;
iessional men. the number being 411 ;
as compared with 27 in 1911. tl .
in 1910. 27 in 1909, and 42 in 190S
and clergymen come next, 8 hav
ing taken their own lives. It is h
icu-ious fact that few lawyers tire .
guilty of suicide. Among business
men 14 bankers have made way
I with themselves. The causes ol 1
J suicide were as follows:
, Pesnondency 6,321 i
Unknown 1.382 i
Domestic infelicity 1,220
IU health 1.962 1
Business losses 92:1
1 Liqour 11l ;
Disappointment in love .. .. 821 ,
The most melancholy feature of
| these statistics i 3 the constantly in
creasing number of those who *re '
impelled to suicide because of ill
i health. Of the total number 414S |
Jabot themseles, 8926 took poison
2722 hanged themselves, 852 drown
i ed themselves, lis cut their throats
890 asphyxiated themselvea. 58,'
threw themselves in front of rail- i
I road trains,- and 163 from roofs or .
, windows, 32 stabbed themselves, 21 ,
[burned themselves,. 15 blew them
selves up witb_ dynamite, and 6
1 starved themselves. —Chicago Tri- 1
Lyuden and the Nooksack Valley
I received its first taste of winter
. getting colder for two or three adys
getting colder for two or three days •
'and on Sunday and the day before
lit spit cold a little. Monday the
ground was frozen and it was snow
ing hard. At night it was estimut- '
led that fully six inches of snow I
1 hud fallen. So fur there has not
been any severe cold or heavy
winds with the storm.
Splendid sleighing was had — a
" pleasure not enjoyed here every
* i winter.
Joseph L. Dixon, aged 69 years
' died at his home near Wiser Lake
Friday night, and as buried on Sun
f day under the auspices of the Odd |
'Fellows, interment taking place in
! the Lynden cemetery. Rev. Richard
'!Kon. of Laurel, conducted the serv-
M ices. The deceased leaves a ifean-1,
s to sons to mourn his death.
NEWS FROM OUR
■ aj ■ » ■ * ■ ■ ■ amm mur m w m — mm mmmm
Congress Must Hold Nignt Scs
i sions to Pass Many Large
Measures in Time
Washington.—With final adjourn
ment of the (J2d congress two months
, away, the house is confronted by a
1 jammed calendar and the supply bills
I which promise weary days and sleep
| less nights for tbe legislators,
j Only a single appropriation bill, the
I legislative, executive and judicial sup-
I ply measure, has been passed by the
i house. The Indian appropriation bill
is now under consideration and it
should be completed this week. The
big appropriation measures which in
volve a vast amount of detail likely
to cause lengthy discussion, are still
!to come. The postoffice aprpopriation
! bill has been reported from the com
mittee and is awaiting action by tbe
Members of the bouse are looking
: forward to about a month of night and
! day grinding just before the conclu
sion of the session and the leaders are
: already making plans to hold a quor
um of members that work may be
Senator Bailey Sayt Farewell
The principal feature of the Benate
the past week was a speech by Sena
tor Bailey, of Texas, long one of the
1 picturesque figures and striking
| speakers of tbe United States senate,
which he called his farewell address,
i The galleries were crowded to hear
' the senator score hlB critics and deliv
er a phillipic against the Initiative,
| referendum and other popular laws.
Much of Senator Bailey's speech
j was taken up with a vitriolic attack
: on his enemies and a drastic criticism
of popular legislation, which he de
j clared would eventually overthrow the
i present system of government. He
praised President-elect Wilson and
characterized William R. Hearst as "a
! miserable dog, a moral pervert, a po
! lllical degenerate, a physicaJ coward."
Tariff Hearing Begun
The mays and means committee of
the house on Monday began its series
of bearings on the all important sub
ject of tariff revision. The hearings
will be by schedule, beginning with
chemicals, oils and paints, with subse
quent dates arranged for the hearings
of the various other schedules and the
free list. In this way it is expected
that most of the preliminary work may
be in hand by the end of February, bo
that the work may then begin on the
drafting of the measure or measureß
for tariff reduction in readiness for
the extra session beginning in March.
During the week another important
series of hearings will begin before
the sub-committee of the house bank
ing aid currency committee, which is
seeking a substitute for the Aldrich
currency plan. Many noted financiers
and economists have been invited to
appear before the committee and give
Wood Urges Revival of Army Canteen
The restoration of the army can
teen and enactment of legislation for
the elimination from the United States
army of unfit officers are among the
principal recommendations of Major-
General Leonard Wood, chief of staff,
in his annual report made public.
General Wood recommendß the con
centration of the army on strategic
lines and in areas where it can be
maintained more economically. He
would transfer all the personnel of
the etaff corps—excepting engineers,
medical officers aud chaplains—to the
line, increasing the number of the
general officerß and line officers in
the different grades.
"The great majority of the officers
of the army," says General Wood, dis
cussing the canteen question, "are of
the opinion that the re-establishment
of tbe canteen under proper supervi
sion would tend to improve the health,
discipline and efficiency of tbe service
by dismissing intemperance and im
morality. 1 concur in this opinion."
National Capital Brevities.
A democratic caucus of tbe house
was held Tueßday to fill committee
The navy department haß awarded
contracts for eight new submarines to
cost $560,000 each.
Tbe death of Senator Davis, of Ar
kansas, probably means that Senator
Chamberlain will become chairman of
the public lands committee when the
democrats reorganize the next senate.
The house committee on merchant
marine began hearings Tuesday to
' investigate the methods and practices
of domestic and foreign steamship
, lines, particularly as to any agree
ments, pools or combinations with
The inauguration of the parcel post
on New Year's day was an unqualified
auccess and so complete had tbe ar
rangements been made that not a
hitch was reported from any point.
Among ihe articles sent and received
were briudle pups. Bides of bacon,
eggs, fruit, horse collars and like ar
ticles. One firm in Chicago purchased
117,000 worth of stamps.
Spokane Vies With Reno
Spokane.—One divorce granted or
pending, to every three marriage li
censes issued is the record set by
Spokane county in ISII2, showing thai
Spokane leads tbe cities of the north
west us tbe Reno for disgruntled and
FEEDING YOUNG SOWS.
An Abundance of Nutritious Food
Needed For Development.
It Is held by most farmers that tbe
brood sow must be kept in thin flesh.
Following this rule, which is good in a
way, many farmers allow the sows an
insufficient amount of feed, and hence
both sow and pigs suffer, writes W. H.
L'nderwood in the lowa Homestead.
Also the young sow furrows before
she is mature in size, and through light
feeding she never attains the size and
breeding cunuclty that she would had
she been given larger amounts of feed
during all her growing period.
Tbe sow for several well understood
reasons should not be kept too fat, es
pecially at farrowing time. She has.
however, lurge demands placed upon
ber and hence requires large amounts
of feed to sustuin normal vitality. She
needs much feed during pregnancy for
tbe development of the unborn pigs
and for ber own vital needs.
After the pigs are born, during tbe
suckling period, the sow requires an
extra large amount of nutritious feed
In order to furnish a full flow of milk
for tbe little pigs and maintain her
Too often the sow at tbe close of tbe
suckling period becomes poor and de
pleted in strength. Frequently she is ab
solutely exhausted and requires muny
weeks to regain flesh and strength, if
it is possible to regain all tbe loss.
There is no doubt but that this fre
quent flesh and vitality weakening Im
pairs the health and value of the ani
mal. Were sbe kept in good round
Chester White swine have lone
been a favorite breed throughout a
large part of the United Stales. It
u> one of the OJdOSt breeds, and its
good qualities are well known. Tbe
nogs are easily fattened and have
large hams and shoulders. Combi
nation, tbe large Chester White
boar shown, is an excellent speci
men of the Dreed and has won
many prizes He is owned by C. C.
Evans of lowa.
flesh at all times there Is no question
but that she would live longer and be
more productive in advanced years.
Tbe young sow often grows until
j after ber secoud or third litter of pigs
Then Is the period when maternity
tells on an animal the most. If to tbe
physicul drain of giving birth to pigs
aud suckling them is added the stunt
ing effect of too light feeding the
young sow cannot possibly attain ber
highest development This will not
only affect her future earning jiower.
but will also affect the profits ln her
pigs. They will to some extent Inherit
ber underslze nnd weakness, and the
future stock will be small and poor.
If the young sow is kept in good,
round flesh until after full maturity
she will have a chance to develop Into
a large mother unimal and be able to
transmit ber size and strong vitality
to her offspring. If she carries an
! abundance of flesb and some fat nearly
I equal to thut of tbe prime finished bog
I for market she will have a surplus for
tbe draining weeks of maternity and
not become bo poor at any time that
ber system is materially weakened.
It is niucb easier to maintain a sow
In good flesh thaD to restore It after
it has been lost, and It Is better In
every way for tbe animal. A good
sow may tie fully bnlf the herd ln giv
ing quality to tbe pigs if sbe Is given
| sufficient feed and care to make manl
| fest ber full power*.
Fall Born Lambs.
There Is ample evidence to support
the contention that the best stieep de
velop from fall born lambs that are
dropped during tbe early part of Oc
tober, writes D. H. Dacy in the lowa
Homestead. At this time the weather
conditions are quite ideal for the rapid
and promising development of the
lambs. In addition, at this season of
the year, destructive purasltes are
prominent by their absence. By the
following spring the lambs are nearly
half grown and are In tiptop Bhape to
go on to luxuriant pasturage. On tbe
other band, if they are sold as baby
lambs during the winter tbey oaually
bring top prices.
Nearly all your enemies are ap
to have a few friends.
NEWS OF INTEREST
Important Happenings of tho
Week From Towns in Our,
Land Officers Get Full Pay
Vancouver. —For the first time ln
years, the local federal land office
officials draw their maximum salaries
from the fees, the collections during
1912 having exceeded the maximum
allowed the officers, $3,000 a year
each. This is made possible by he
large tracts of land filed upon during
1912. There are only 35,000 acres of
public land open in this district now,
and it is thought that this will be the
last time that local land officers will
be able to draw tbe maximum in fees
allowed by law.
Widow Fights Off Robber
Seattle. —Mrs. Eugenia Chonat, a
young widow living on a ranch near
Juanita, on the eastern side of Lake
Washington, shot and wounded Frank
Ray, a former employe, after a hand
to-hand fight with the man, who was
bent on looting the house for money
The fellow received a wound ln the
face, and was traced for some dis
tance up a gulch leading from the
ranch by neighbors, and finally cap
tured by a deputy sheriff aud lodged
STATE LAND UNDERVALUED
Inspection Shov/t Enormous Gains in
Footage of State College Timber
Pullman. —In his report to tbe re
gents and president of the college
Professor George L. Clothier, head of
the forestry department, gives the re
sults of his cruise last summer of
14,218.8 acres of the state college's
lands situated in Cowlitz county. In
one phase of his investigation Profes
sor Clothier made a comparison of
atanding timber recorded by the state
cruise of 20 years ago and bis own.
Section 11, in township 10. consist
ing of 640 acres, was estimated by the
state cruiser to bear 24.500.000 board
feet of timber. In his cruise Clothier
and his assistants found 62,491,8 M
feet. Eleven fortiea in section 20, of
the same township, had been estimat
ed at 25,700.000 board feet. The col
lege cruise shows a stand of 44,582,000
board feet. Eighty acres in section
34, townßhip 10, were found to contain
7,187.000 feet, against 2.850,000 shown
in the older state cruise.
The above figures and others along
the same line were submitted by Pro
fessor Clothier as evidence that in the
past there has been a tendency to un
dervalue state land.
Tacoma's Balance Lest
Tacoma. —The city of Tacoma has
on hand to Btart 1913 more than $1,-
--000,000 less than it possessed at the
opening of 1912, according to the re
port of Controller Meads. The large
amounts paid out on the new light
and water plants, and the falling off
in tax collections of about 6 per cent,
are principally responsible.
Willapa Shipping Gain*
Raymond.—During the year 1912 a
total of 290 vesselß took cargo on Wil
lapa harbor. Of this number, 2C5 were
steam-driven and the remaining 20
Bailors. The total output of lumber
for the year will approximate one-half
billion feet. The number of vessels
loaded on the harbor ln 1911 was 245.
A gain of 45 was made last year.
JUDGESHIPS ARE DENIED
Few Votea for Unexpired Term Not
Olympia.—The supreme court de
nied the application* of Hans Bugge
and W. P. Brown, BeUingham attor
neys, for writs to compel Governor
M. E. Hay to issue certificates of elec
tion to tbem for tbe unexpired terms
on the supreme bench of Judge John
F. Main and the late Chief Justice R.
O. Dunbar. The court also refused the
application of Attorney George W.
Sampson of Seattle for a writ in bis
contest for a short term on the King
county superior bench, ruling that tbe
13 votes accorded him out of 32,00U
cast could not be construed as an ex
pression of tbe popular will. Browa
and Bugge received about 36 votes
each, and tbe same ruling is made in
Chief Vindicated of Charge.
Walla Walla.—Acting Chief of Po
lice Andre, against whom charges ot
malfeasance in office had been made
by a "vice committee' appointed by
the local ministerial association, was
▼Indicated of ail charges by uaaad
rnoui vote of the city eaaamlaajaaara
•iter a hearing;
xml | txt