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'AKMKRS WILL MKET
I tist il ulo Convenes at Colfax ami
Holds Over Tomorrow.
Saccesafal Meetlasa Were Held at
Both Tekoa and Gartleld—
Qood i,i!ks Made,
<>n the insufficient notice of lens than
a Week a farmers' institute is to he held
at Coif ax today and tomorrow, Friday
and Saturday, Ftbruary '.) and 10. Thin
was decided ujion at the Garlield iusti
tatebeld last «tt>k. The Colfax iusti
tute, M those recently held at Tekoa
and Garfleld, is to be under the auspices
of the vVuchmgtoM Agrieaitarai College,
and will be conducted by a selected
corps of pr.fe^sors Irom that institu
tion. Many things of interest and profit
to the farmm* ( .f the country will be dis
cussed in (in intelligent wav and by
•- } .< <:alfKiH who have made exhaustive
and practical Btudiea of the subjects
which thej wdl present
Program lor Collax Meeting
Following in the program for the
farmers lUhtitute at Col fax:
PHIDAT—AT COLFAX OPEBA HOUSE.
10 a. m —What DairjinK has dona for Min
mmoU. Hon. C 1, Smith, of Minnesota.
;1 ... in - Gnoea and Forage Plants in tha
1 al.i.i.-.,. C.miitiy - l'n f. W. .]. SpilltnML
1:30 |» m. The Oodlia Moth.—Prof. X,
&*>P "i -Tt-i- Structure an] Care of the
Horse a Foot.— Dr. S. IV Nelson.
3:30 p.m. Mutton Sneep in the Palouse
< oonkry.—Prof. K. E. Elliott.
SATCBDAY— AT THK COi XT HOUSE.
10 a. in. -The Horse's Mouth.—Dr. S. B.
11 a. in—The Dairy Cow.—Prof. W. J.
1:30 p. in.—The Woolly Aphis and the
Ureeo Apbii.—Profc 11. \V. Doane.
2:30 p. m.—The Ideal Farm Home — Hon
C. L. Smith.
3:30 p. in.-(Subject and speaker to be as
As the poultry show, now open, will
continue over Saturday, there will be a
double attraction for the people during
the two days' meeting.
THK TEKOA INSTITUTK.
Meeting Was Well Attended and
Practical Talks Made.
The Tekoa tanners' institute opened
January 29 and wan well attended by
farmers who took a deep interest iv the
proceedings. The meeting had been well
advertised and the hustling citizens of
the town showed their enterprise by
banqueting free of charge everybody
Dr. S. I> Nelson, state veterinarian at
the Agricultural college, wan the first
speaker, His subject was "The struct
ure ami rare of the hone's teeth." The
lecture was an able one, throwing npw
light to many present upon the care and
Bufferings of nj-in's best friend. The
lecture was illustrated by various osse
ous substances comprising all the bones
of the horse's head. The professor dem
onstrated that ail horses are more or
less subject to toothache, and said
equal care should be taken to preserve
the teeth of the horse that in shown in
the preservation of the human teeth,
not only as a matter of economy and
profit, but from a humanitarian stand
Fulnier On Sugar Beets.
Elton Fiilmer, professor of chemistry
»it the Agricultural college, spoke in
structively on the "Sugar Beet Industry
in Washington." Prof. Fulmer whs the
tir*t to advocate the sugar industry iv
the Palouse country, and from his lect
ures delivered at different points five
years ago a few farmers were induced to
experiment with beets, and were sur
prised to lind in the full that they car
ried U\ percent sugar. From this be
ginning has grown the Waverly sugar
factory which this year consumed 0,000
tons of beets, for which an average
price of .*4 25 n ton were paid the
irrowers, and manufactured GOO,OOO lbs
of sugar of the first grade. He said a
few years ago the beet industry in the
United States was in its infancy and but
few factories were in operation. Now
there are 30 iv this country, all on a
paying basis, and with a daily capacity
of 1.*,450 tons of beets. This growth
has been attained in six years. He
thought the Palonse country a great
field for sugar operations.
The professor recited several instances
coming under his personal observation
which showed conclusively that the crop
can be made ;i most profitable one in
the Palonse country.
When the professor concluded Mr.
.Jamison and F. P. Connell, farmers who
raised beets this year, gave the results
of their experiments. Mr. Jamison said
that on lo acres he came out about
even, but another year he would know
how to greatly reduce expenses iv con
nection with cultivating and harvesting
Mr. (onnell's experience was about to
the same effect. A small portion of hie
crop, however, to which he gave his per
sonal attention, paid him a good divi
Talk On Mutton Sheep
F. F. Elliott, assistant professor of
acriculture at the college, spoke on
"Mutton Sheep in the Paloiise Country."
He said the sheep was the advance
guard of civilization and had reclaimed
more land that was previously unfit for
cultivation than almost any other
agency. He beliived sheep on the Pa
louse farms to be more profitable than
any other branch of farming, but that
they should be raised either for wool or
mutton, iv either of which they are
profitable. Some objected to raising
them here, he said, on account of there
being no market for them. This he
proved to be false, showing that all
mutton consumed here is shipped in
from Snake river and other points, and
extravagant prices were paid for same.
Prof. Parn.w spoke in the evening on
"Modern Applications of Electricity."
He demonstrated the remarkable ad
vancements made in the past 10 or 15
years and gave an illustration of the
workings of wireless telegraphy.
The Second Day.
The second day's attendance was from
500 to 700. Prof. Fulmer spoke on
"Pure Food." He said the cost of the
food supply in the United States was
about $5,000,000,000 annually. The
Massachusetts food law was the means
of saving annually 5 percent of the food
consumed—a general saving of 5 per
cent would amount to $250,000,000 a
year. Oa the basis of 500,000 popula
tion, the saving to Washington would
be $1,785,700 each year.
He then devoted his at tout ion to sev
eral urticlPH of diet which are ued in
thini state and designated the amount ol
adulteration they each contained. These
were from 10 different samples examined
A few of the more striking ones which
he cited are here given: Vinegar, 5 pet
cent pure, 16 per cent adulterat»d;mapl.
*»yrup, 8 per rent pure, ."» per cent adui
terated; syrim, all adulterated; honey 2
parts pur,', 1> per cent adulterated, etc.
Mince meat was the only article of the
sampled examined which proved abso
Hit liner on Orchards.
I'rof J. A. Balmer of tbe Agricultural
college made an instructive address on
''Orchard Planting and Cultivation."
Cherries of tbe sweet variety, lie said.
were not a profitable crop to grow in
this country for market. They are only
fit for the early spring market", and Cali
fornia cherries enter into such close com
petition with them as to make tLem un
profitable. Sour cherrieH were better,
and he recommended the "Ostheimer" as
beat for ail purposes, especially for can
ning. Those who begin cherry raining
for the market with thin variety, he
Haid, would realize handsome profits.
In applea he recommended the Hen
I>avis an unquestionably the beat to
grow, although he did not himself con
sider them tit to eat; but they possessed
a market value far beyond all competit
or and would stand treatment to which
all other varieties would succumb.
They could be carried into the mount
ains by pack train*, Ret frozen and
thrown about carelessly and still peo
ple would buy them and pronounce them
App'e trees, he said, should be planted
about 30 feet apart, but between the
trees "tillers" of bo me small variety of
Ufefui fruit might be placed.
He believed that many farmers were
making serious mistakes by the system
of summer-fallowing which they * have
introduced. If on this summer-fallowed
land they would raise peas or some
other light crop be thought the theory
would prove all right, but without that
the practice will eventually prove injur
ioUß to the soil. It destroys the humue,
or vegetable fibre, and robs the land of
Money in the Dairy.
Hon. ('. L. Smith, a leading farmer
and dairyman of Minnesota, was far
uished as a speaker by the enterprise of
the »). K. &N. Company. He made an
eloquent address on the subject of dairy
ing in Minnesota.
-Not unlike the people of eastern Wash
ington, he said, at one time the farmers
of Minnesota were under the impression
that they could raise nothing but wheat.
In a measure, he claimed, that the pio
neers of a new country were compelled
to raise something from which they
could realiz" profits in a few months and
that is one reason that they practically
all began wheat raising. But when Jt heir
financial condition becomes such as to
allow them to engage in other branches
of farming he had no patience with them
if they did not avail themselves of the
opportunity. He said that the people
of Minnesota were compelled to engage
in diversified farming on account of the
chinch bugs which destroyed their wheat
two years in succession. From that
time dates the day of Minnesota farm
ers' prosperity. They went at dairying
and other diversified interests until to
day it is considered the greatest dairy
state in the union. The chattel mort
gage Bhops disappeared and farmers
soon became lenders of money, wherras
they had previously been borrowers at a
high rate of interest. Dairying has been
the means of building better roads in
his state, because farmers using them
more and at all seasons of the year they
were obliged to improve them. During
the panic from '93 to ;<JG the farmers of
Minnesota prospered more greatly than
during any previous period, because of
their dairying interests.
I'rof. Nelson lectured on the "Struc
ture and Care of the Horse's Hoof,"
showing the necessity and utility of
keeping the hoof in proper condition.and
exhibiting the bones of which it is made.
Cheese Making in Oregon.
Professor Townsend of Oregon, who
has a successful cheese factory in opera
tion told of the benefits accruing from
the enterprise to the farmers of his sec
tion. He cited several instances coming
under his observation where farmers had
accumulated considerable wealth by de
voting their whole time and energy to
the task of supplying the factory with
what product they could. Previous to
the establishment of the factory, he said,
they were unable to "make both ends
meet." Many of their homes were mort
gaged, and they were in desperate
straits. The enterprise had proved en
tirely successful there, and he believed
that it would prove equally so here. He
thought that this is a great field for the
establishment of several cheese factories.
President Bryan on Diversity.
President Bryan of the Agricultural
college spoke interestingly on "Diversi
fied Farming." He said, in part:
"Farmers are a conservative class of
people. They are conservative in politics,
in business and in religion. If a demo
crat he remains true to the party; if a
Baptist he abides by that faith, am] if
he hap been reared to adopt and believe
in one branch of farming he is loth to
give it up and begin the practice of a
new system. This shows a stability of
purpose and firmness of character which
I admire, but it is not wise to shut our
ayes to facts revealed to us by science
Further on the speaker snid that 20
jears ago the conditions and environ
ments were such in this country as to
make exclusive stock raising profitable.
Ten years later exclusive wheat growing
possessed the leading attractions, but
now that period has passed. From now
on diversified interests will claim the
farmers' attention. As the population
of a new country increases it becomes
necessary for farmers to turn their at
tention to new industries, as it is almost
impossible for them to advance without
diversified interests. He advised a
gradual engagement into new branches
of farming and "make haste slowly."'
He closed by stating that eventually hp
believed the Palouse country would be
, the greatest agricultural "dstrict in
THE GARFIELI) INSTITUTE
A Most Successful Meeting and Is
Farmers went from a distance of 30
miles to attend the farmers' institute
held at Garfieid January ."!1 and Febru
ary 1. Chas. E. Whifiler was chairman
and G. W. Nve, secretary. The same
speakers were present as at the Tekoa
meet ng and made addresses on the sam 2
OOLFAX HA/CTTK. coLFAX, WASHINGTON', FEBRUARY 9, 1900.
subjects, but in different vein*. In ad
dition.!. B. Evans, an undergraduate of
the Agricultural college read Qo inter
esting paper on beef cattle, and J. S.
Klemgard of Klemgard & Metsker, ex
| tensive farmen and fine stock raisers
near Pullman, demonstrated the feasi
bility and profit of the latter branch o
their industry, declaring tnnt stock
growing on the farm added to the wheat
yield by fertilization. Secretary Whisler
also made a short talk on the care, uses
and disposition of the horse, and Prof.
Doane gave an instructive lecture on
The two days' meeting was a most in
teresting and instructive one, and the
i system of holding institutes at the vari
i oub centers ol tne agricultural districts,
I instead of the winter school for farmers
heretofore held at the college and but in
differently atten led, is a great success.
New Horticultural Society.
The Garfleld meeting closed with the
organization of a horticultural society
for eastern Washington and northern
Idaho, with headquarters at Spokane.
This was effected at the meeting of the
Whitman County Horticultural Society.
Fruit Inspector Harrison first read »n
interesting report of his labors during
the season in Whitman county orchard?,
and told at length of the fruit pests of
the county and the efforts to destroy
them and bis success. Several shipments
of diseased n-irsery stock shipped in had
been destroyed by him. President Tan
nntt followed and told o' the work of
the society and the object of the
meeting. R. ('. McCroskey movtd
the organization of a horticultural
society for eastern Washington and
northern Idaho and introduced resold
tions providing for each an organiza
tion, election of officers and the adoption
of a constitution and bylaws. C. E.
Wbieler seconded and the organization
was urged by Prof. Doane and R. H.
Laeey of Colfax. The resolutions pro
vided for preliminary work only at pres
ent, and the results are to be presented
at a meeting called for Spokane a year
hence for permanent organization.* X
H. l.arey of Colfax, R. ('. McCroskey of
Garfleld and Prof. Doane of Pullman
were appointed a committee to draft
constitution and bylaws. President
Tannatt was later included.
The county society then adjourned un
til the first Saturday in March, when its
annual meeting will be held at Garfield
A number of new members were added
to the county association.
For a Farmers' Club, at Tekoa.
On the suggestion of E. J. Flint, a
farmer, a committee consisting of F. P.
Conneli, S. L. Jamieson and County
Commissioner A. 15. Willard was ap
pointed to conduct the necessary pre
liminaries for the organization of a local
farmers' club aud set a date for its or
CONTRACTOR WANTS DAMAGES.
Brick Was not Furnished on Time
for College Buildings.
The board of regents of the Agricul
tural college adjourned Saturday even
ing, after a two days' session. The
board had been at work on the proposi
tion of accepting Ferry hail, the liovs'
dormitory, and the settlement of the
account with A. E. Barrett, the con
tractor who erected this and Science
hall. Contractor Barrett put in a claim
for $5095 for damages caused by delay
in furnishing the brick for the buildings.
No action wan taken on this bill by the
Tlie full contract price for Ferry hall,
f33,000, was allowed, and a warrant
was ordered drawn for the remainder
due on this contract. Claims for extras
amounting to $301.80, less $15.30 for
lintels furnished by the state, was al
lowed. The bill of G. H. Sullivan & Co.,
for heating and plumbing, was allowed
ia full, with $11.30 for extras.
President Bryan took immediate
charge of the new dormitory. The
young mt'n will move in today, and thus
have a college home once more.
While the building has been accepted
so fur as taking possession is concerned,
ail questions of claims for damages be
tween the board and contractors are
left open, and there is a possibility that
the courts may yet be appealed to in
settlement of the different claims.
Palouse Pottery Changed Hands.
The Pioneer Pottery plant changed
hands this week, says the Palouse Re
public The new proprietors ;ire Stevens
& Collins, builders and bricknmkera of
Lewiston and Kendrick, Idaho. The
capacity of the plant will be increased
and a brick-making machine added at
once to make the plant up-to-date and
modern in its equipment. The excellent
quality of the clay makes it especially
adapted for making a superior quality
of white ornamental and h're brick. A
new brick and tile machine, having a
capacity of 15,000 brick daily and ap
paratus for manufacturing all sizes of
tile, up to 12 inches, and making a hol
low-block ware for foundations, has been
ordered and will be installed in the next
few weeks. The hollow-block ware which
is being quite extensively manufactured
in the east and an unknown factor in
western architecture, at thin time will be
made the principal product of the enter
prise for a time. Along with this vitri
fied brick for paving purposes will be
An Editor's Life Saved by Cliam
berlain's Cough Remedy.
During the early part o! October,lß9G,
I contracted a bad cold which settled on
my lungs and was neglected until I fear
ed that consumption had appeared in an
incipient state. I was constantly cough
ing and trying to expel something which
I could not. I became alarmed and after
giving the local doctor a trial bought a
bottle of Chamberlain's Cough Remedy
and the result was immediate improve
ment, and after 1 had used three bottles
my lungs were restored to their healthy
state.—iJ.S. Edwards, Publisher of The
Review, Wyaut, 111. For sale by all
Experience is the best teacher, use
; Acker's English Remedy in any case of
' coughs, colds or croup. Should it fail
I to give immediate relief money refunded.
25 cts and 50 ets. The Elk Drugstore.
Farm for Kent.
IGO-aere farm, five miles from Colfax,
[ up South Palouse river. Good improve
i ments. Plenty of good spring water.
Terms reasonable. Call at Palmer's
Livery Stable, in Colfax',.
Take Dr. Duck's Celery, Sarsaparilla
and Dandeliop Compound. Afl a b'ood
and liver tonic it has no equal. Sold
only at The Elk Drnsr Store.
J A. Perkins ft Co. have money to
loan on farm and city property at low
' rate nnd on easy terms of payment o
BOUGHT BAD CHECKS
Smooth Vouna; Forger Worked
His Swindle Easily.
Kilked Walla Walla and Pullman
Men With Paper That
A smooth forger has been operating
successfully in eastern Washington
towns during the past two weeks. He
is described as a thin, hatchet-faced man
ot about 30 years, of pleasing address
and arrayed chiefly in a dark mackin
tosh and cap and moustache. His
modus operandi is quite original, and
his scheme worked at Walla Walla to
the tune of §40 and at Pullman he got
away witk about the same.
At Walla Walla he operated under the
name of Geo. E. Allen. He claimed to
be an employe at Dements mill and pre
tenttd checks for fl2 each at a number
of saloons, where he bought bottles of
port wine and received the change in
cash. The checks presented appeared
regular in every respect to the victims.
Ihey were gotten up with due regard
for form, numbered, signed "Dement
Bros". C 0.," with a rubber stamp, by W.
D. Church, secretary, in ink. The
amount of the check was regularly
punched in the paper, thejob being done
with a regular bank punch, which the
forger carries with him.
The fellow appeared at Pullman last
week and worked exactly the same game.
After banking hours he appeared at the
saloons of M. C. llogue and John Hull
and purchased in each a bottle of whis
key, presenting in each case a check for
$10. purporting to be drawn by Arc-hie
White, the druggist and miller,'payable
to "Ed. Roberts." He received in ex
$9.50 at each place and the liquor.
Then he visited Ferd Krenz at a meat
market and bought a bucket of lard,
presenting in payment a similar $10
check, representing, a 8 at the other
places, that he was working at the mill
for Mr. White, and had been given the
check too late for banking hours.
The checks were promptly pronounced
spurious when they found their way to
the First National Bank the following
morning, but the smooth young man
had disappeared with the whiskey either
in his pockets or his interior. The
bucket of lard was found near the depot,
where he had thrown it away, it not
even being saved to grease his track out
Deaths from Smallpox.
Spokane had two deaths from small
pox last week. One of the victims was a
Whitman county young man, Arthur
Goldey, aged 2"> years, a son of George
W. Goldey, a well known farmer who
lives near Oakesdale. When J. A. Mor
row, with whom he had been rooming,
fell ill with a mild type of smallpox
nearly a month ago, Goldey was vaccin
ated, but without effect and Wednesday
of lust week he took down with a malig
nant case. His father went to Spokane,
but was not allowed to nee his dying
son. The other victim was.JobeCopson,
a laborer of 20 years.
Stood Death Oft".
E. B. Munday, a lawyer of Henrietta,
Tex., once fooled a grave-digger. He
says: "My brother was very low with
malarial fever and jaundice. 1 persuad
ed him to try Electric Bitters, and he
was coon much better, but continued
their use until he was wholly cured. I
am sure Electric Bitters saved his life."
This remedy expels malaria, kills disease
germs and purities the blood; aids di
gestion, regulates liver, kidneys and
bowels, cures constipation, dyspepsia,
nervous diseases, kidney troubles, female
complaints; trives perfect health. Only
50(; at The Elk druir store, F. .). Stone,
J. 15. Brown, the enterprising plumber,
has moved his shop from the corner of
Canyon and Main streets to the build
ing next door to Dingle's brick black
smith shop, on Main street, south of
Canyon. He is now fixed up better than
ever to supply the wants of his custom
A pure whiskey agrees with any food,
in fact aids digestion. It tones the
stomach, increases the How of the gas
tric juices and so promotes strength and
flesh. A pure whiskey like HARPER
Whiskey. Sold by W. J. Hamilton, Col
Fifteen or twenty head of high g"ade
Percheron horses, suitable for heavy
work. Call on or address James Wood
20,000 cedar fence posts. Car load
lots a specialty. Joseph Fisher, St.
For Rent —Front room, well furnished,
first fioor, suitable for one or two gen
tlemen, central location. Inquire at Ga
Miss Maud Anderson, eye specialist,at
the jewelry store of T. Lommasson.
Eyes tested free o
Stone's Cough-Not cures coughs and
colds. 2~> and 50c, only at The Elk
I&s^K^ 1900 rDAac"*'sn
_T"—%/ For every day of every
A panacea for human ill;
A harmless, refreshing, cheering drink.
When the blasts of winter chill.
Full weight pound and
half pound package*. £^>
L| Tracts in all Variety.
i\)\ \\\j^ Some were taken under mortgage
and must bo sold.
p Fanning and Pasture Lands,
S Houses and Lota in CoHax, Pull
man, Palouse and Moscow.
y\ I-* Also my residence.
I Harry Cornwall.
UEO. H. LENNOX,
Real Estate, Insurance, and Landlords' A^'iit
. ..ALSO AGENT
Northern Pacific Railway Company,
and European Steamship Lines.
Europe, ter- Also furnish prepaid tieketa from European points to Colfax!
• 'ALL ANIi SEE ME. Cl,t . , AA T
QKFici: in L.olfax, Washington.
THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK
Of Colfax, Washington.
CAPITAL, - - 960.000.00.
LEVI ANKENY JULIUS UPPITT, EDWIN T. OOMAN,
1 resident. \ lc « president. Cashier.
"The strength of a bank lies in the conservative
management of its assets."
OM>KST NATIOXAI, HANK IX THK I»A| <O USK COUXTHY
J. A. Perkins & Co. &ggp»
SI 00 000 t0 loan on im P rovp<l f»rniß in the Palouse
V iuv,\;v;\7 t , omUry . No delay in clottng loaiw.
At;T ,. '■»•"-"' BANK OF CQLFAX
SECOND NATIONAL BANK of COLFAX
Alfred Coolidge, President. I _.__ . ,
Aaron Kulm, Vice President CAPITAL AND BtJRPLUS, fI'.'O.OOO.
('IIHS- X- •S'rit)Cr- ("'ashicr- 1 PowaKcncral banking butlMM
*%. cannot be beaten anywhere.
M. \ ' >ur stock of
.^jw, \ Jewelry, Kings, Clocks, &c.
$ ivi 2sf M & b the largest in the Pak)Mi» Ctomitrj
gg^^/^aßnsais^y and oal l)riceß nri> the lowest.. "
p" CITY JEWE LR i STORE
M. A. ROSK, Manner.
W^^^l^t COEY MERCANTILE CO.
VJt\J jLJ m BOCKFORD, WASH.,
Can fill all orders for Wood on short notice.
Best Grade »*>/>.>, ISuckskin $2AH) per cord, by carload
Are You Alive
To your own interests?
Then serve them best by
Doors, Paint and
CLARKE & EATON
C. N. CLARK
Leave orders at Barroll &
Mohney's Hardware Store.
is essential in drugs and should be the
first consideration with the purchaser or
user. Poor drugs are worse than none.
My drugs are the best that money can
J. H. CARPER,
Drugs, Medicines, Chemicals, Perfumery,
Toilet Articles, Stationery,
NotionB 3 Etc.
J. W. CAIRNS,
Express and Draynian
Will haul your freight or move your
goods and chattels
There is no scarcity of
Lumber now at
S? i wmill.
The yard in stacked high, the Htock of
logH iH larger than ever before, and lum
ber in coming from the Haw at the rate
of 40,000 feet ii day, insuring the prompt
tilling of all orders.
A complete stock of
Sash, Doors, Blinds,
Moulding:, Window Glass,
and building material of all kinds kept
constantly on hand. Kiln Dried Lumber
a npecialty. P^timates promptly fur
nished and money saved for you in
WILLIAM COD 1).
G. W. PALMER,
Fine Turnouts of all kinds
Best attention given to transient stock.
Horses fed by the day or week.
Telephone No. 12.
MILL STREET, COLFAX, WASH
Pioneer Drug Store,
W. J. HAMILTON, Propr.
Prescription Work a Specialty.
A complete stock of
Drugs, Medicines, Chemicals,
Soaps, Brushes, Perfumeries,
Paints, Oils, Glass,
Notions, Hooks, Stationery.
Telephone No. 37. Main Street, Colfax
Buy Your Groceries
All soods first class. Highest prices paid
' for farm produce.