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title: 'The Colfax gazette. (Colfax, Wash.) 1893-1932, February 16, 1900, Page 2, Image 2',
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TALKKI) FARM SENSE
Interesting and Instructive In-
Farmers' Meeting at Colfax Was a
Great BSMXigSO< Though
The formers' institute, held at Colfaz
Fridny and Saturday of lust week, whh
h failure so far an attendance was con
cerned. At no time were more than 4<)
hrtW in tbe room. But to them the
lectures given by the specialists on differ
ent topir-H affecting their interests were
highly instructive. Many valuableideas
were advanced by the npeakers which
could not have been learned in any other
way. Ah a consequence farmers who
heard one lecture almost invariably re
turned for the next, and the deeper the
subjects were delved into the more deeply
those in the teats became interested.
The great value to the farmer,as well an
many others, of these institutes wasfall J
demonstrated; and though it must have
been disheartening to the professors who
are working ho hard and ho intelligently
to improve the condition of our great
agricultural region—which is ho suscept
ible of improvement—they never faltered
as they faced the empty benches. Every
portion of the program was faithfully
carried. It is to be regretted—deeply ho
—that those who could most be benefited
by these free lectures thought it not
worth their while to attend. They were
practical and instructive. Every point
fur improvement advanced was
put forward only upon the knowledge
gained by the hardest, most practical
and most thorough scientific experiments
—not upon college theories*, of which the
average farmer feels, or <it least professes,
a contempt. The small attendance wan
not, however, entirely due to apathy.
The institute was held upon short notice
and so insufficiently advertised that
many probably did not learn of it in
time. Those who werefortuunteenough
to bo present would no doubt join in
cordially inviting the professors to re
turn i:ii()er more favorable auspices.
Grasses for Pasture.
A. IS. Leckenby, of Tacoma, assistant
agroetologist for the Pacific coast of the
Doited States department of agrical-,
tore, delivered an interesting lecture on
grasps. Speaking of the destruction of
the range in the west, and the efforts of
the department of agriculture to pre
serve these ranges, and how cattlemen
at their recent convention had passed
resolutions and petitioned congress to
lease large bodies of goverument land
for uasture in order that it might be
fenced and the grass preserved, ho de
clared that the native grans t.f thin
country, common!; called buncbgrasH,
can be resown, and will theu afford bet
ter pasture than it did originally. He
explained how to do this so an to obtain
the bent results, and urged that the pas
tures be renewed in thin manner and the
ranges thus preserved. Alluding to the
Russiun brorae grass, which baa attract
ed so much attention of late, the speaker
said it was one of the best pasture and
forage grasses that could be obtained
for this country. He also considered
Italian rye grass equally good in most
localities, while in some places thin lat
ter grass is altogether the best, possible
grass that can be grown. Next in im
portance was the Canadian blue grass,
which does well ou cold, black and rich
soil, and also on the warm, light and
sandy places, and stock of all kinds eat
it with avidity, am] do well on it. Tell
ing of the best grasses for different kinds
of stock, the speaker said:
"If h farmer intends to go into the
cattle business he should ascertaiu the
best grasses for cows, and should he de
sire to go into the s!,tep business (and a
farmer should engayeiu both industries),
he should learn what kinds of urass the
sheep like and thrive on best. Canadian
blue grass is almost equally good for
both cattle and sheep."
Professor Sptllman, of the agricultural
college, here interrupted the speaker,and
said that each of these grusses was the
choice of the cow and the sheep when
ever such a choice was left to the ani
mals; and told how he discovered this
fact. This was when some cows and
several sheep at the college farms broke
out of the pasture into the field where
he had 200 grass plots growing. 15oth
sheep and cows confined their attentiou
to the two planted to Italian rye grass
and the Canadian blue grass, which they
ate out clean, leaving the other ]'.»s
In answer to questions, Mr. Leckenby
said that the Italian rye grass is one of
the best-known hog grasses, while the
Canadian blue crass is not a good hog
feed. Red alfalfn and the Italian rye do
splendidly together, as each takes oppo
site substances from the soil. He advo
cated sowing vacant spots, in alfalfa
fields to Italian rye grass, and said it
should be harrowed in, the process of
harrowing being a decided benefit to the
alfalfa. The speaker said that Italian
rye grass will grow on stronger alkaline
ground than almost any other grass or
grain, lie found it would thrive on
alkali spots where alfalfa will not grow.
In aussver to a question, the speaker said
he found Russian brome grass does not
do well on wet lands. He described it as
'sunshine grass,' which does well on
upland. In a summing up of all the
400 varieties of grass with which he has
experimented, I'rof. leckenby showed a
decided leaning toward the "Italian rye
as a pasture grass, and for general
adaptability to various soils
A TWO DAYS' SESSION.
Scientific Talks on Bu K s and Agri
culture in General.
Prof. Doane opened the exercises with a
conversational talk on "Orchard Pests." He
considered the codlin moth the worst of the
orchard pest?, compared with it the San Jose
aca c being much easier handled. The c-dlin
moth an orchardist must tight continuously.
In the Palonse country rive years a<?r, little
complaint was heard from the codlin moth
bince then it has been increasing, and more
care must be taken if we want t> raise apples
fo'the f ™. 3rket- H* »oM of the habits and
growth of the codlin moth, described it and
showed the audience from his samples where
they were often mistaken between the codlin
moth and other pests.
The codlin moth appears about the time the
tree is in bloom. The eggs are laid usually on
the leaves, but not always. The ezg looks
like a minute drop of milk. In two weeks
the larva hatches from this, and the first effort
of the larva is to seek the apple itself. Some
times they are laid on the tree, sometimes on
the apule, sometimes on the trunk of the tree.
If they are laid on the apple, in twenty or
thirty days it becomes full prown. As soon
ac hatched tbey seek the trunk of the tree,
when they find a ruti^jh piar.< on the trunk,
they hide away, and then th^y spin their co-
Mom, bringing the second ftnuMation. There
may be as high its *ix generations "n one tree,
according to the climate and length of season.
On ISnake river there are from four to six, and
not so many on the higher lands of tbe Pa
louse country—probably two generations.
Tho codhu moth ha* peculiar habits; it flies \
at dunk or in the night, principally at dusk,
and not in the daytime, wheu it stays hid on
the tree. It is practically the name color as
the bark of the tree, and hard to detect. In
the night time it files about, and scatters ioa
agga over the tree. It is not attracted by light,
as a cut-worm is.
The only practical way to fight the codlin
moth is: \V ben apples are put in the cellar in
the fall, which are affected, one will find in
the spring larva or cocoons at the bottom of
the bin*. They live through the winter, and
fly out in the orchard in the spring, full grown
codlin moth. The remedy is, when storing
away in the fall, or at home time during the
winter, see that all windows and doors, and
other openings of the cellar or storing place
have screens, so that the full grown moth can
not escape into the orchard in the spring.
This is about the only thin?; that can be done
with an adult codlin moth. The eggs cannot
be destroyed by Bpraying, because any w.ish
strong enough to destroy tbe eggs would de
stroy the tree. The proper time for a first
spraying is when the petals fall. Then take
one pound of parie green, two or three pounds
of lime, I'iO tv 200 gallons of water, a email
amount of glue to made tho paris green stick;
make a fine mist over the trees, but do not
spray long enough to allow it to run in drops
from the leaves. Ten days or two weeks later
spray again. It is very doubtful if any
further spraying is of value. The value of the
first ppraying is based on the fact that when
the petals fall the calyx cup Btands upright,
and the spraying mixture fills it full. Then
the calyx cup closes up, and the second spray
ing is largely precautionary. It is estimated
that the first spraying will kiil 75 per cent of
'■he eg-,'R and the larva. When this has been
done all has been done that can be in combat
ting the codlin moth. He recommended that
ail of the old and rough bark on the trunk of
the tree be scraped off; that a gunny sack or
some similar rough substance be bound around
the tree. The codlin moth larva seek this.
Every two weeks the orchard bhould be gone
over and these gunny sack bands taken off and
the larva destroyed, either by burning ths
band or by dipping it in hot water.
If the orchardist is too busy in the summer
time to do this work, at least these bands
should be put on the trees in August and be
left all winter. In this way all tha fall and
winter larva will be disposed of. Apples that
drop during the growing season are affected
and they nhould he destroye ', which can
probably be best done by turning the hogs
loose in the orchard.
White ar.stnu: is coming into gt neral use in
place of paris green as a sprayer. It ischeaper.
Tbe proportions are: One pound of white
arsenic, two or three pounds of lime, two gal
lons of water, boil; dilute with 100 gallon- of
water. The Hood River orchardists have
been very successful with thi*
What Made Minnesota.
Hon. C, L. Smith of Minnesota, who is in
the country on invitation of the Oregon It til
way & Navigation Company, was the next
speaker. He spoke of the successful institutes
held at Tekoa, (iarfield. Dayton, Pomeroy
and other places, and then announced that
his subject was "What Dairying Has Done
He opr-neri with the statement that a single
crop system alwajs ends in disaster. The
railroads have been the first to realize that
they could not, for a term of years, success
fully operate lines through a country depend
ing upon one crop a.one. It is uncertain and
subject to disaster. Eighteen years ago the
Minneapolis and St. Paul people interested
pastern capitalists in two railways from those
cities into contiguous country, where farmer*
were producing but one crop—wheat. In less
than ten years these two roads went bank
rupt, and the management was changed per
Tne new management quickly decided that
s"n,ethirig mu-t be done to induce farmers to
change their system. Thrt first thing done
was to invite farmers to »isit the state experi
ment stations,giving them ftee transportation.
lumbers of them did so. They were surprised,
delighted aud interested at the work being
done. Returning home they held farmers'
meetings, as we are doing h^-re. Within three
>ears the traffic along this line was more than
One station on this line, the officers tell me,
under the olil regime, never had a shipment of
anything except wheat, and but little of that.
In 181.1!) the freights paid there on incoming
merchandise exceeded by several hundred dol
lars the receipts on outgoing wheat The
railways simply used common sense in assist
ing better conditions.
The speaker said the Minnesotans were
probably worse off than we of the Palouse
country, because they had been farming on the
wrong basis longer, The history of the wheat
growing states in the United States, however
well adapted to grain raising, showed that con
tinual cropping deteriorates both quantity and
quality. This is the history of the wheat
growing industry in Virginia, New York,
Pennsylvania, Ohio, Illinois, and other states,
including Minnesota. But it took our people
a long time to learn that to raise wheat exclu
sively was only another way of extending a
pressing invitation for failure to abide with
them. It is hoped that you farmers of the
Palouse country will not take so long to learn
your lesson. The changes in Minnesota once
this lesson was learned were wonderful. The
farmers have quit abusing the money loaner
and high rates of interest, the times are now
so hard there that the farmers cannot get even
two per cent interest on their money deposit
ed in the banks. The banks will not pay in
terest because there is no demand for money,
or at least n»t sufficient demand to provide
use for the surplus funds of the farming pop
ulation. The farmers have quit borrowing
and gone to depositing. New farm houses are
being built, old ones painted and repaired and
grassy lawns laid out in front. Land sells at
from §50 to $75 an acre, if one finds anyone
who will sell. There is none for sale. I
talked to the register of deeds of Fillmore
county two years ago. There had_ been eight
transfers of farms in that year, six of them
being necessary to settle estates where the
owners had died.
I do not consider that dairying hat* alone
brought about this change, but it was certainly
an important factor—the main spoke in the
wheel—in producing a change from extreme
poverty among farmers to a satisfactory con
dition. It is the central and important factor.
Steele county, one of the smallest of the
state, consisting of twelve townships, during
the days of wheat raising, fell far below the
average in its yield of grain. Today there are
thirty co-operative creameries paying §050,000
a year for cream alone.
Not only this, they sold more wheat last
year than they ever did before. Ihe average
yield was better because of the fertilization of
the ground from the stock. Not a straw stack ;
was burned; no screenings were shipped, but 1
saved and fed to the chickens, more hogs were
sold than ever before, more beef was shipped;
more dressed poultry was shipped than ever
before. Sixty cars of eggs were shipped from
one station alone. They sold clover seed,
beans, potatoes, horses and any number of
other things besides dairy products—prob
ably three times the value of the cream.
A banker in this county told me that he was
expecting to change his location, unless some
thing then unforseen happened. He said that
when he first came to the country the farmers
growled at him constantly because fte would
not loan his money on no or insufficient secur
ity, and when he did loan it demanded such
high interest. Now there is a continual ding
dong for him to allow one or two per cent in
terest on the $400,000 of farmers' money on
deposit in his bank.
The objections that were raised in Minne
sota against diversified farming are now being
raised in the Palouse country. When the
legislature passed a law appropriating £7500 a
year to maintain farmers institutes, tne only
votes against the law were by farmer mem
bers. All the city legislators were heartily in
favor of the appropriation. I advise the
COLFAX GAZETTE, COLFAX, WASHINGTON, FEBRUARY 16, 1900.
farmer to obtain the bulletins as they are
ifsued by the experiment station at Pullman,
as they contain mucb of value -the Ute-t and
best Hcientitic intonuation. All necesary to
be done is to write a postal to the station and
they will be mailed to any farmer as fast as
issued. They contain the very best informa
tion known on the subjects which they treat.
On General Lines.
Prof. Spillman of the Agricultural college
spoke entertainKly on agriculture in general,
| crop rotation, stock growing, grassee, etc.
Wheat growing, he said, wears out the soil,
and when a wheat crop is sold a part of the
farm is bartered away. As a grass, he be
lieved Italian rye best.
Prof. Elliott spoke on sheep and said no
i farming tection was ever impoverished by
sheep growing. Every land that has grown
sheep has prospered. The lecture was similar
to that at Tekoa, liberal extracts from which
were published last week.
Dr. Nelsun, state veterinarian, made valu
able talks on the stiucture of the horse's hoof
and the necessity of care of their teeth, illus
trating his points by exhibition of many
samples of horse"o bones at various ages.
FOR WHKAT STEALING.
Three McDonald Brothers Landed
in the County Jail.
Sheriff Cantitt last week placed under
arrest Charles McDonald, James McDon
ald and Dan McDonald, three brothers,
near Sunset. The offense of which they
are charged is burglary, breaking into
the granary of Johu McCance and steal
ing £50 bushels of wheat, about two
weeks ago. The wheat w»b traced by
the sheriff's forces to Oakesdale, where it
had been stored by James McDonald,
under the name of S. Pinnoee, with the
Pacific Coast Elevator Company. For
some time there have been various
thefts going on in the county about St.
John and Sunset. The McDonalds were
suspected of theee and have been under
the eye of the sheriff's office for some
time. It is now believed that the thieves
have been caught. They were arrested
by the sheriff early in the morning, be
fore they were out of bed, and at the
head of each bed stood a loaded shot
gun and a rifle was also in the room.
At least one of them, Dan, had made his
brags that no man would arrest him.
When the sheriff knocked Charlie came
to the door, aud as soon as it was
opened Sheriff Caautt stepped in and
made the three prisoners in a jiffy.
The boys are members of the notori
ous McDonald family which has caused
so much trouble to tne officers in past
years. Charlie McDonald Ims already
Berved two terms in the penitentiary for
theft, another brother is in the peniten
tiary now, two sisters are in the reform
school, and two older si-ttern and their
mother are in the asylum for insane.
CLKMENS' HOKSK AND SADDLE
Found ai Smith's Ham li This Side
The horee and saddle riddeu away
from the t^eene of his crime by Samuel
H. Clemens, the fugitive murderer of
young George Boland, has l>een found.
The boree, which belonged to Surman
Chandler, waa found iv the pasture of A.
C. Smith, 2'.j miles this pide of Riparia,
and the saddle was found Ijincj in the
open, unhidden, near by, in plain Bight
from the car windows. The horse and
saddle hail evidently been ridden there
within a few bourn after the murder and
abandoned. Clemens may have either
boarded a night train or stolen a boat
and floated down the river.
Mr. Smith had noticed the horee at a
distance for several days, but thought it
was a stray. Last Friday he approached
closely to it for the first time and at
once recognised the animal as Mr.Chand
ler's and the one Clemens rode away
from the scene ot the shooting. Satur
day Deputy Shi riff Steward went down
au<l got the horHe and saddle.
The nmn reported as passing through
Sprague was followed across the Colum
bia river by Deputy Sheriff Steward and
found not to be Clemens, though he was
riding a sorrel pony with white face cor
responding closely to the one Clemens
Three Unhappy Couples.
Alberta Brinsmead. formerly Miss Hender
son of near St. John, has sued Prof. Wm.
Brinsmead, former leader of the Colfax band,
for divorce. She charges him with enlist
ment in the army and desertion a day or two
after their marriage April 20, 189U, in Harri
son county, Iowa; that he has failed to provide
for her and has been brutal in his letters, cov
ertly threatening her bodily harm and openly
threatening assassination of her character
through the newspapers. Extracts from these
letters are made part of the complaint. They
have one child, about 7 months old, whose
custody the mother asks. Etta Shroll asks
divorce from Sherman Shroll, alleging cruelty.
Rose E. Stewart was granted a decree of di
vorce from Thompson J. Stewart, Wedne»
day, on grounds of cruelty and failure to
Pair of Acquittals.
The jury term of the superior court, open
ing Tuesday, has resulted in the acquittal of
John Weston, charged with burglary of Boat
nght'a store at Johnson, and John Pendell,
accused of disturbing Paul Kruger's Boer
meeting on Spring Hat. Weston was defended
by J. G. Combs. Weston was at once re-ar
rested at the instance of Sheriff Denny of
Stevens county, who holds a warrant for him
on a charge of stealing a horse from J. Kelsay
near ColvUle. July 16, 1898. Sheriff Denny
was expected to arrive last night for his
Why not prove "Brunswick" cigars'
claim of superiority by trying them.
Old Fashioned Singing School.
Inasmuch as it has been ascertained that
two celebrated musical directors will be in
town at abbut the time announced for the pro
ductionof the D>estrick Skule, the manage
ment has decided to change the nature of the
entertainment and give an old-time Singing
School instead. The school will be under the
direction of Dame Plunkett and Squire Bel
lingham, who have few equals and no super
iors in tneir special line. They will be assist
ed by twenty or more local artists. The date
; is March 2*
The ladies of the Christian church will
serve lunch at 12 (/clock, and chicken
pie dinner from 5 p. m. co 8 p. m. on
Saturday, February 17, in the vacant
building, one door north of Hamilton's
Lost—Probably in Colfax, Feb 10
card-size lady's photo and tinted button
of same. Finder will be suitably reward
ed upon returning to DuVall'e gallery
Shaw's Turk Malt-The condensed
strength and nutriment of barley and
rje Perfectly mellow and pure. Sold
by F. J. Stonp o
Found—On Spring flat road, by Henry
klavano, a ladies' jacket, which owner
may recover at Gazette office by prov
ing property and paving adv. charge^
20,000 cedar fence posts. Carload
m • a T T L cialty- Joseph Fieher, St.
TO PERSONAL TAX PAYERS
Treasurer Wiudus Makes a Statement
About the Notices Sent Them.
I The New Law Makes What He Did
Obligatory Upon Him— Why
Taxes Are Higher.
For the information of personal tax
payers in regard to the noticen sent out
through the mails, Treanurer Windus
tnakea the following statement:
"I have sent notieeH of the amount of
personal tax due for 1899 to 5100 per
sons charged with personal tax on the
tax roll. The law of 1899 makes the
sending of these notices in this form and
at this time compulsory, leaving no
choice or discretion with me but to send
the notices and charge the 15 per cent
interest after the expiration of thirty
days from the date of notice. lam not
certain but that a strict interpretation
of the law would compel me to enforce
the payment of the taxes unpaid at the
efld of the thirty days, but as this new
law comes as a surprise to the tax pay
ers, and on account of the condition of
the wheat market, and the general scar
city of money, I am willing to take the
responsibility for not enforcing the pay
ment of the tax by distraint (except in
cases where there is reason to suppose
there is danger of the county losing the
tax, reserving my right of discretion in
any case), uutil June Ist, at the time
the tax on the real estate becomes de
"There are many inquiries as to why
the tax is higher in 1899 than in 1898.
There are various reasons. The taxes
of 1898 were unusually low. The tax
levy of this year beiDg identical with
that of 1897. There has been a general
increase in special levies of the school
districts over the county, for the pur
pose of meeting bonded and other in
debtedness. The state tax has been in
creased two mills in excess of that of last
year, the county one mill to go to the
road and bridge fund, and a fraction
more than two mills to create a sinking
fund with which to help take up the two
hundred thousand bonded indebtedness
of the county, on which the county iw
now paying five per cent interest, or* ten
thousand dollars each jear, and no
other provision for meeting or reducing
it. There hita be n a fraction of a mill
taken from the old levy for the indigeut
soldiers fund, which makes the increase
in the levy of 1899 five mills over that
"At the present valuation of property
of the county, the two and a fraction
mills levy to go to the payment of the
county bonds, will produce, in the two
years to run before the option of the
bond can be taken advantage of, from
tifty to sixty thousand dollars. It is un
fortunate that the increase in the levy
had to be made at a time when the pay
ment is so difficult to meet; this, how-
ever could not be foreseen at the time it
Grain.—Wheat, Club, per bu.,Racked, 3!)e;
blujatem, 41c. Oats, per cwt , 85c. Barley,
per cwt., 57-^c.
Hay.—Timothy, baled, per ton, §10; loose,
88; grain, baled, §9; loose, $7.
FBDITS.- Apples, per lb., 2•; dried fruitx,
per lb.. 4c@lsc.
Butter. — Creamery, cash, per lb., 27c;
ranch, ca*h, 17&c@20c. Cheese, per lb., 14c
Vegetables. — Potatoes, per cwt, 40c;
Onions, per cwt., <>.">c. Cabbage, per cwt., 75c
Beans, per lb , 4c.
Poultry.—Chickens, live, per lb., 7c. Tur
keys, live, per lb., ite.
Eggs.—Per dozen, cash, loc.
Guocehtes.—Granulated su^-ar, per 100 lb.
sack, §6 25.
Bitter—Creamery, 30c; ranch, 18c@25c.
Cheese, per lb. 20c.
Ec;<;s.— Per dozen, 20c.
Meats. -Beef, fresh, per lb., 7c@lsc; pork,
fresh, 10c@12Jc; mutton, fresh, 12Jc@15c.
Bacon, breakfast, 14c; salt, 10c; hams, i:>c;
shoulders, lie. Lard, 3 lb. bucket, 40c; 5 lb.
bucket, tiOc; 101b. bucket, §1.15.
Mill Feed. — Bran, per ton, $9; shorts, per
ton, $11. Chopped barley, per ton, §20.
Chicken feed, per cwt., SI.
Flour.—Wholesale, per bbl., §2.00; retail,
per 50 lb sack, 75c;
Call for Committee Meeting.
To the members of the republican
ccunty central committee, of Whitman
county, state of Washington: You are
hereby notified that there will be a
meeting of the committee, ac Colfax,
Washington, on Saturday, February
24, 1900, at the hour of 2 o'clock p. ra.,
for the purpose of fixing a time for hold
ing the primaries and county conven
tion to elect delegates to the republican
state convention, to be held at Ellens
burg, Wash., April 4, 1900, to elect del
egates to the republican national con
vention, to be held at Philadelphia,
June 19. J. N. Pickrell, Chairman.
Colfax, Washington, Feb. G, 1900.
Coyote Pelts Wanted.
Fifty to 75 cents each for coyote pelts
delivered at I. B. Harris' meat market,
Colfax. Owner can keep scalp. Ed.
Money to loan on city property at 7
per cent, repayable in easy monthly in
stallments. J. A. Perkins & Co o
Household goods for sale by H. B.
Braillard, at the old Chas. B. Newman
residence, west Colfax,
Miss Maud Anderson, eye specialist,at
the jewelry store of T. Lommasson.
Eyes tested free o
Take Stone's Cough-Not, the infallible
cough cure. 25 and 50c, at The Elk
Drug Store o
A full line of Gunther's famous candies,
at The E'k Drug Storr.
Brown's in town! What Brown?
Brown the plumber o
Subscribe for your periodicals through
The Gazette and save money.
Call on H. W. Goff for Insurance.
Best Fuel coal
Full Measure WOOD
Are points that secure and hold
patrons of the
MTfi 4 COAL AND
iVII \JA WOOD YARD I
F. W. BRICKNER, Propr.
Office at O. K. Barn. Phone, Main 28.
GRAND CLEARANCE SALE.
Remnants and Odds and Ends!
I have just completed my annual inventory and
am now ready to clean house.
Remnants of Dress Goods and Staple Dry Goods at from 25
to 50 per cent of their value.
Odds and ends in Clothing, Boots and Shoes at a discount oi
from 25 to 50 per cent.
Ladies' Jackets and Tailor Suits-all going at a discount. .
All departments must be cleaned up before our new Spring Stock arrives.
Pioneer Merchant. Colfax, Washington
In all colors and styles. Best shoe on earth for
THE DUFFY SHOE CO.
To Property Owners
I have positive information that the population of Eastern Washington will
increase several thousand during the coming Spring and Summer, and I have
made arrangements with eastern connections who will have a large number
of these parties to visit "Whitman County.
All persons wishing to dispose of their holdings (whether city or country) will
not have a better opportunity and should list their property with me at <>nn\
Call and get lull particulars. No charge lor listing.
O. SLATE & CO.
(Successors to Sid Lyle)
Carry a full line of
Cigars and Tobacco
Temperance Drinks in Season
A RESORT FOR GENTLEMEN.
GIVE US A CALL.
Pipes, Notions, Toys
tat. \ incent's Academy
WALLA WALLA, WASH.
_ A select Boarding School for youni* girl?.
Gives a thorough education in all English
branches. Music, Fancy Work, Languages,
etc. No compulsion with regard to religious
opinions. TERMS MODERATE.
Address, SISTER SUPERIOR.
Try "The Bee Hive"
The Cheapest store in
Notions of all kinds.
&3' Eggs Wanted. .-. Main Street.
C O LFAX
Marble and Granite Works
D. MILLGARD & CO. Proprietors.
Monuments, Headstones, Tablets
All Kinds of Cemetery Work.
Call and see samples. Wall Street
Fifteen or twenty head of high g-ade
Percheron horses, suitable for heavy
work Call on or address James Wood
Given with every
doz. Cabinet Photos
GEO. H. LENNOX, Colfax
I. B. HARRIS, Propr.
Fresh and Cured Meats,
Fish and Game in season.
There is no doubt about the quality of the
iufthe 8BF"T m the blocks of this market
The highest market price paid for cattle
South Main Street, O<.l fax.
"DV VIRTUE OF CHOICE GOODS,
I -" low prices and fair dealing, we have
earned the title of
Purveyors to the
People of Colfax,
which we will hold and defend by the
same prompt and intelligent attention
to the wants of our patrons.
Bennett & Tarbet,
™E ■"!!«!■« h up-to-date, having
new seats, new furniture, electric liirhtß
thri?m SiPS" are "P-to-date in
their methods of instruction
ar THE COURSES OF INSTRUCTION
or himself by examininc our circu ar of
; nformat.on The President will be glad
gate °De Wb° deeire to inv^Bti-
Sells the Best
Pumps and Windmills
in the Palo U9e Country.
see him before buying.
du^ittkint'^ 108 P&id fa^^