Newspaper Page Text
1 RELIEF ON RATES
Northern Pacific President Says
Railways Are Impotent.
Ijesa Grain Must Be liaised or Ride
More Must Be Consumed
By the World.
In answer to the letter of the Walla
Walla Commercial Club, which body has
been ably seconding the efforts of the
people of the Palouse country to secure
a reduction in freight rates to the east,
President Mellen of the Northern Pacific
has written the following. No encourag
ment whatever is given the move:
"We recognize that Walla i* the trade
. itero! the Walla Walla valley; that
your valley produces a large amonut of
grain; and, furthermore, that its popula
tion in greatly interested in the price re
ceived for that grain.
"We do not, however, agree that that
price depends upon shipping facilities,
hut rather upon the supply, we having
in mind many instances where the sup
ply of shipping facilities has been in ex
cess of the demand, yet the price of
grain has remaned exceedingly low.
"Our information regarding the grain
fleet seeking cargoes on Puget Hound is
much at variance with your statement;
we having knowledge of tonnage now
under charter to arrive before December
81, 1900, of double the amount of the
previous year, and we believe no embar
rassment can ensue, therefore, from lack
of shipping facilities.
"The prosperity now being enjoyed by
the cities on the sound, and by the North
I'ucilic coast cities in general, has re
sulted in large importations, and the
vt>HHels to arrive must have return car
goes, forcing us to the conclusion char
ters will not be at an unreasonable fig
ure, as compared with previous years;
and, but for the demands of the govern
ment on account of the difficulties in
China, vessel owners would, we believe,
have great difficulty in securing remun
erative rates for the coming season.
"Your grain crop is not that much
larger than any previous year to war
rant a material change in rates, and it
is our belief any change made would not
inure to the benefit of the producers,
hut would be absorbed by the middle
men, leaving the product of your section
in common markets at the same price as
before, which price is whatever necessary
lo effect a sale in competition with other
sections of the world supplying grain.
"We are aware that many warehouses
and flouring mills in your section are
controlled in a common interest, but
this is something over which we can ex
ercise no power. So far as locations
upon our lines are concerned, they are
to he had by all who have the money to
Duild, and beyond this it is impossible
for us to give relief.
"We are far from the opinion, how
ever, such control as you refer to is ob
jectionable, or results in oppression or
injustice to the producer. In our
opinion the community is better served
by having responsible people and cor
porations with which to deal than if sub
jected to the risk of loss, which is large,
where business is more divided, and
among many whose responsibility is
"Any statement regarding a combina
tion between the grain buyers, flouring
mills, elevator companies and warehouse
men with the ship owner*, is, to those
fiini'iar with the conduct of business,
unworthy of serious consideration. We
bave not reached a time when a scheme
of this magnitude can be seriously con
sidered, and its mention in this connec
tion detracts from, rather than helps
"There is little demand for your wheat
in the eastern part of this country; to
reduce the rates to bring it here would
simply deprive the farmers of Minnesota
and North Dakota of such profit as
they now enjoy, and entail a further re
duction by the railways to restore for
mer conditions. To help you in the way
desired would be to put an injustice or
burden upon other sections of our terri
tory, which must seek relief in a read
justment of rates, leaving th« situation
relatively the same as now, so far as you
are concerned, resulting in serious loss
to us and benefiting only the middle
men in whom you have Tittle interest,
and who, according to your statement,
are fully capable of caring tor tin ni
"The conditions concerning the mar
keting of grain are such that should we
carry your product for nothing, the
farmer would receive no more than now,
the consumer realize little or no benefit,
and the interests you now feel are op
pressive be the only ones to thank you
and us for the effort. The situation is
one wholly beyond either your or our
control, and we do not feel like sacrific
ing our revenue, or any portion of the
same, for such a result.
"We note your quotation regarding
rates to prevail between Buffalo and
China when certain steamers now said to
be under construction shall be put into
service. We are inclined to doubt the
accuracy of the same. We appreciate
Mr. Hill has accomplished much in the
handling of railways, before thought
impossible, but we prefer to adjust our
selves to such conditions as are pre
dicted when they materialize, and not
anticipate them. We are not convinced
we can carry business such a distance at
such rates, and we prefer not to en
courage our patrons to expect what we
Best in town.
nbV.^ per hundred.
Coal and Wood.
CODD & MACKENZIE
Colfax Hardware Bldg.
have been unable to demonstrate the
"Your letter emphasizes the desire of
your community to realize more for its
grain, and in this we have every disposi
tion to assist, but the methods suggest
ed would, in our judgment, entail a
great loss upon us, and fail in the direc
tion sought; and we believe, until there
is either less grain produced, or more
consumed, the markets of the world will
fail to give that response to your desire
that will afford relief; and in the mean
time we are as impotent to change the
couditious existnjg as yourselves."
They Are Snpiilimtinu OI»l«>r Meth-
od* on Dairy I'arms.
The use of the cream separator on a
dairy farm where butter is made.
cream is sold or a creamery is patron
ized is in not a few distrids rapidly
supplanting the older methods of cream
separation by tin- gravity system and
the use of ice, says The Farmers' Ad
vocate. Nor is the new method re
ceiving undue attention and support
when its advantages an- fully realized.
First and foremost, considerably more
cream of a decidedly better quality is
secured from the milk; second, it is
done when the milk is warm from the
cow with very little loss of time; third,
the skimmilk has not to be carried
away from the stable, but can be fed
warm to calves or pigs in a condition
to do them the most good. and. fourth.
a tremendous amount of sloppy labor
is saved by not having to set the milk,
skim it, warm calves' milk, etc, which
means considerable of woman's drudg
ery on a farm. There are many butter
and cream dairymen who are hesitat
ing between getting a separator or ad
hering to tln> gravity plan of creaming
the milk, and to assist these in decid
ing we would ask those of our readers
who have used hand or power separa
tors to write us about its advantages
or disadvantages, not forgetting its
first cost and that of running it, and
explain their method of running the
separator, whether by hand, horse,
bull, gasoline or steam power. It would
seem that there is a place for the sep
arator that it has not heretofore tilled,
and that is on the farms of creamery
patrons who have been accustomed to
have the whole milk hauled to the but
ter factory, there separated, and their
allowance of skimmilk drawn home for
the young stock. Now, if the milk were
separated while warm from the cow
the calves would get the warm milk at
once, and the expense of hauling the
entire bulk of milk (o and from the lac
tory would be saved. No doubt the
creameryman would reduce his charges
for making the butter to the extent of
the cost of heating up the milk and
running it through the separator. The
cream could be taken in double cans
so that hot weather could have no ef
fect upon it while going to the cream
ery, so that there seem many advan
tages in having the milk separated at
home. Viewing it from the creamery
man's standpoint, he would require to
measure each patron's cream and test
it with the oil test churn the same as Is
done in cream gathering creameries.
Selling Milk In i'aris.
The visitor from America who ccet> .1
meal at a Paris restaurant may drink
milk with impunity, as it is sold in bot
tles on which are stamped the govern
ment official's certificate that the arti
cle is pure and wholesome, says a writ
er in The National Stockman. Milk
and water for drinking purposes are
Inspected and appear to be pure. The
milk is sold by the liter <1:!, pints) in
measure, and the bottles generally are
An early visitor at the railway sta
tions can see hundreds of men, boys
and women hurrying from the early
trains with loaded trays of bottles of
milk. They carry the Loads with both
hands, and as a part of the scene it
may be noted that many of the poor
people are overloaded. Poor and
emaciated men and boys struggle along
with their loads. Here and there one
may observe an old woman carrying a
burden that would be lit for a horse or
a mule. They sell the milk at the ho
tels, restaurants and cafes in order to
eke out a precarious existence. There
are also milk carts on the streets, and
milk is delivered at the houses. One
familiar sight of the metropolis is a
man with a drove of goats, who deliv
ers goals' milk to dwellers in apart
ments. He drives his herd into the
courtyards or stops on the streets to
extract the lacteal fluid as ordered by
customers. (Jreat quantities of milk
are used by the bakers and j>. try
cooks, and if the cows of France
should "go on strike" there would be a
Seated in a comfortable cafe or on
the pavements under the awnings of
the cafe one may enjoy genuine milk
from the country without fear of
adulteration. Few people among the
thousands perhaps give a thought to
the toiling country people whose labor
contributes to their enjoyment.
A Minister's Good Work.
ilI had a severe uttack oi bilious colic,
ent a bottle of Chamberlain's Colic, Chol
era and Diarrhoea Remedy, took two
doses and was entirely cured,'' says Roy.
A \. Power, of Emporia, Kan". "My
neighbor across the utreet was sick for
over a week, had two or three bottles of
medicine from the doctor. He used them
for three or four days without relief, then
called in another doctor who treated
him for some days and pave him no re
lief, so discharged him. I went over to
see him the next morning. He said his
bowels were in a terribie fix, that they
had been running off so long that it was
almost bloody flux. I asked him if he
had tried Chaoiberlaiirs Colic, Cholera
and Diarrhoea Remedy and he said,
'No.' T went home and brought him mv
bottle and gave him one dose; tohl him
to take another dose in fifteen or twe ty
minutes if he did not find relief, but be
took no more and was entirely cured."
For sale by all drueeists o
Try Armstrong for groceries.
COLFAX GAZETTE, COLFAX, WASHINGTON, AUGUST 31, 1900.
RAINY RIVER REDS.
DISQUIETUDE OF INDIANS NORTH OF
THE CANADIAN BORDER LINE.
American Fire Water Said to Be Re
niioiisihle For Much Trouble Char
aclcrixticti of the Dusky Denizens
of the Far \nrtli.
IH i ith, July IT.—lnformation of a
decidedly disquieting character conies
down from the region of the Rainy
river and the Lake of the Woods of a
threatened Indian uprising. The Ca
nadian Indians along the border of the
Rainy river, among whom then- seems
t<> have existed much discontent ol
late, have been holding powwows and
putting on war paint and feathers.
About 700 of them were recently gath
ered near Koochichiug, on the Cana
A TYPICAL RAINY KIYEK INDIAN.
dian side of the boundary. Should
the Rainy river Indians go on the war
path the Red lake tribes, or "Cross
Lakers," as they are called, may be
expected to join with the others
against the white settlers. It is said
also that PiJiager Chippewas of the
Leech lake region, who have not fully
recovered from their hostility of two
years ago, are spoiling for another
fight, and it is intimated that they are
egging on Canadian red men.
As was the ease in the trouble with
the Pillagers two years ago, the white
man's fire water is in large measure
responsible for the difficulty in the
Rainy river district. Whisky peddlers
on tin* American side of the river,
which forms the boundary line be
tween .Minnesota and Ontario, have
done much to demoralize the Canadian
Indians, and the Ontario government
has made a protest to Governor Lind
of .Minnesota and also to the authori
ties at Washington against the pres
ence of these traders on the border.
A short lime ago one of the chiefs,
loaded with American lire water, was
drowned while crossing to the Cana
dian side of the river, and since then
these Indians have been making
oinnious threats. The trouble caused
by the liquor dealers is most serious
al the time the Canadian Indians are
paid their annuities, which will be
done during the next two or three
weeks. Last year these peddlers fol
lowed them along the length of the
river when the Canadian authorities
were paying the annuities, and as soon
as the Indians received their money
they would cross the stream in their
canoes and buy whisky until the whole
section was in the wildest sort of hi
larity and disorder. It is said to be
i lie intention of Governor Lind to have
troops stationed this year on the bor
der opposite where the Canadian au
thorities are paying off their Indians
find prevent by force if necessary the
sale of liquor. This precaution may
prevent serious trouble.
As red men go the Rainy lake dwell
ers are not, however, particularly "bad
Injuns."' If let alone, they are not
Inclined to be more quarrelsome than
jther tribes of the northwest. They
jling with much tenacity to their old
customs and manner of life and main
ly devote themselves to hunting and
fishing in the woods and lakes that
there abound. They belong to the
I) jib way tribe and form a part of the
jnce great Algonquin group, being re
lated by speech and habits to the
Drees, Pottawatomies and Ottawas
)f their immediate northern neighbor
aood. The Ojibways, with others of
the Algonquin family, sided with the
English in the Revolutionary war and
,n the war of 1812 and in the early
lays were almost constantly at war
tvith the Dakotas and others of their
neighbors. The record of their wars
with the Dakotas is one of heroism,
self sacrifice and prowess on the bat
tlefield, mingled with cruelty, blood
died and misery almost incredible.
The Indians who live along the Cana
iian shore of the Rainy river and on
the banks of the Lake of the Woods
>till retain much of their primative
limplicity and rude manners and cus
toms of life.
The Indian in his wigwam by the
Ihore of the lonely lake is pretty nearly
indepeudent. lie finds in the forest the
Jirch bark which covers his dwelling
and forms the light canoe which is to
trim what the horse is to the plainsman
■)v the street car is to the resident of
[he city. A primitive gill net. with stone
jinkers and cedar floats, is his fishing
nittit. A curious crooked bladed knife,
svhich he pulls toward him as he cuts,
s his chief woodworking utensil. If
ac did not find firearms more deadly
than bows and arrows, woolen blan
sets more comfortable than the skins
)f animals and fire water more to his
aste than the pure aqua of his forest
streams, he would have small need for
he trading post which commerce
•hints on the frontiers of civilization.
Up among the lakes and woods of the
Rainy river country the red Indian is
jretty nearly the ideal camper out.
History of the Transactions in Whit-
U S to Mary Standard, w qr ne qr, nw qr
se qr, ne qr sw qr 21 15 44.
U S to Johu Young, eh ne qr, eh se qr
12 14 43.
Cornelia W Swift to John Snavely,
sh nw qr 2117 42 800 00
O R & N Co to W M Mart/.all, »c qr
35 IS 41 OfSOOO
O R & NCo to J J Gorman et al, sw
qr 17 17 43 13G0 00
Robt M Hanna to Frank Bakala, pt
It 3 b G2 Colfax 650 00
Penelope Swain to Laura M Piper, It
3 blk 5, Reauey's 2d ad Pullman.. 900 00
J W Steams assignee to Nellie P Rob
erts, Its 9 and 10 h 8 Huffman*) 2d
ad and Its 2 and 3 b 11 Tekoa 505 00
Sheriff to Dundee Mort & Trust Inv
Co, se qr 9 1540 1040 25
Wm McDonald to W A Helm, n 20 ft
lot 4 blk 7 Colfax 300 00
Jas E Coombs to Robt A Alcorn, It
44 Boone's ad Colfax 1 00
John Bruening to Sparks Bros, It 10
b 8 Huffman's ad Tekoa 22 00
Jacob Ogle Trustee to H A Potter Its
5 6 bk 12 W C McCoy's Ist Add
Oakesdale 1 00
Henry Mestermanto Ist Bank Tekoa,
nw qr 2G 20 45 1605 00
John Snavely to C W Swift, sh nw qr
21 17 42 800 00
Henry Westermaii to Ist Bank Tekoa
26 20 45 1600 00
Patrick O'Boyle to Jas Monaghan nw
qr 11 20 43 1500 00
Releases of Mortgages.
Mercantile Trust Co Tr, to N P Ry
Co, releases railroad land
Deming Inv Co to G W Speake, par
tially rel 2 mtgs §1400 and 137 00
Washington Natl B L & Inv Assn to
S B Ripley, rel mtg. GOO 00
Lucy E Hanna to Robt M Hanna. .. GOO 00
C A Bull admr to T W Busby, rel mtg
1 4 5 6 b 15 Reaney's 2d ad Pullman
Deining Inv Co to Harriet E Byrns,
assigns two mtgs
E J Burns to J & A I Sparks, rel chat
mtg 700 00
DeuJng Inv Co to Geo H Phelps,
assigns three mortgages
Thos S Krutz to Walter Burbank 2
mtjra 1000 00
Jaß Wilson to Tekoa Co, 27 hogs 50 00
Millsop Bros to J I Case Threshing
Mach Co, separator 869 50
R E Draper to J T Lobaugh & Co,
farm mach 210 00
R E Draper to J T Lobaugh & Co,
threshing machine 450 00
D & M J Robertson to Russel & Co,
engine 1514 00
H J Miller to Wm Huntley, crop ne
qr & wh 35 17 40 19G1 00
J M Copenhaver to Plough & Waters
wagon, buggy, binder 189 50
J F Wilson to Lucas Bros, traction
engine 550 00
J D Hubbard to H F 4lubbard, 2-3
crop eh ne qr 9 14 44 150 00
S H Breeze to M J Shields & Co
binder 100 00
Epbriam Byers to M J Shields & Co
binder 2 horses harness 171 00
P W & E Brewrink to M J Shields &
Co binder 325 00
Edwd Byers to M J Shields & Co
binder horses 171 00
Bills of Sale.
A H Whitley to A J D Cornelalus, 2
horses, hack, harness 150 00
N M Cole to Libby Robertson, 2
horses 200 00
W W Day to J W Hereford, wagon. 100 00
M J & D O Bush to J T Lobaugh &
Co, wagon 67 50
G W Reid to B Assendrup laborer's lien.
Anna Jacob) Admx vs Mary Wiggerber et
al Lis Pendens.
Prof. Geo. F. Barker, M.D., University of
Perm.: "All the constituents of alum remain
(trom alum baking powders) in the bread, and
the alum itself is reproduced to all intents and
purposes when the bread is dissolved by the
gastric juice in the process of digestion. I re
gard the use of alum as highly injurious."
Dr. Alonzo Clark: " A substance (alum)
which can derange the stomach should not be
tolerated in baking powder."
Prof. W. G. Tucker, New York State
Chemist: "I believe it (alum) to be decidedly
injurious when used as a constituent of food
Prof. S. W. Johnson, Yale College: "I
regard their (alum anil soluble alumina salts)
introduction into baking powders as most dan
gerous to health."
In view of such testimony as this,
every care must be exercised by
the housewife to exclude the over
and over condemned cheap, alum
baking powders from the food.
Baking powders made from avam of tartar,which
is highly refined grape acid, are promotive of health,
and mure efficient No other kind should be used
in leavening food. Royal Baking Powder is the
highest example of a pure cream of tartar powder.
ROYAL BAKING POWDER CO., 100 WILLIAM ST., NEW YORK
KECOKDS FOR THE WEEK.
man County Lands.
Patents and Receipts.
siirrown or i in- Millionaire.
Look at the ways of the millionaire.
Given his million, lie gives up his house
nnd builds himself a small, first class
hotel in some big city, which for the
greater part of the year is occupied by
servants. He next erects a country
palace at Lenox or at Newport. This
he calls a cottage, though It usually
looks more like a public library or a
hospital or a clubhouse.
Then he builds himself a camp, with
stained glass windows, in the Adlron
dacks and has to float a small railroad
in order to get himself and his wife's
trunks into camp. Shortly after these
follows a bungalow modeled after a
French chateau, somewhere in the
south, and then a yacht warranted to
cross the ocean in ten days and to pro
duce seasickness 12 hours sooner than
the regular ocean steamer becomes one
of the necessities of life.
Result, he never lives anywhere. To
occupy all his residences, camps and
bungalows he has to keep eternally on
the move, and when he thinks he needs
a trip to Europe he has his yacht got
ready and sends it over, going himself
on a fast steamer. Oh, it's a terrible
thing to be a millionaire and have no
where to lay one's head, with every
poorer man envying him, many hating
him and hands raised against him ev
erywhere!— Woman's Home Compan
There are 850,000 men in the world
who gain a livelihood chiefly by fish
ing, making an annual catch of $225
worth of fish for each man. The fish
fries of the United States supply 800,
--000 pounds annually and those of Eu
rope 1.800,000 pounds.
Forty Years Among Cannibals.
The French adventurer who was a cap
tive among cannibals in Central Africa
for forty yearn, has decided to write a
book, which will no doubt prove inter
esting. We can sympathize with his re
lease from bis terrible captivity, which
must have been as joyous as that of a
man who finds himself suddenly released
from the captivity of a refractory stom
ach, by that peerless remedy, Hostetter's
Stomach Bitters, which has done more
to promote health than any other in
existence. This is the medicine to take,
if you are a sufferer from dyspepsia, con
stipation, indigestion, biliousness, nerv
ousness or insomnia. Don't fail to give
it a trial. Ask for Hostetter's, and do
not accept a substitute. The genuine
has private revenue stamp over the neck
The Whisky Without a Headache.
Wm. Schluting, proprietor of the New
Castle, has just received direct from the
J. W. McCulloch distillery, Owensboro,
Ky., a shipment of the celebrated Green
River whisky, the whisky without a
headache. Selected for its purity and
superior quality by the government for
exclusive use in the U. S, army and navy
hospitals. This goods is put up full
measure and is recommended for family
F. A. Blaekstone sells Mason & Ham
lin pianos and organs. The best is the
It pays to buy at Averill's store, El
H. W. Goff Agt. Phenix Ins. Co.
Col fax. Wash.
Our work will pIMIM ><>>■•
Going to Build?
Tf bo, you will nave money
by vinitii £
before placing any orders
for iiiiiiiiini; material.
Sash, Doors, Blinds,
Moulding, Window Glass,
(mil building material of nil kinds kept
constantly on hand. Kiln Dried Lumber
a specialty. Estimates promptly fur
nished and money saved for you in
Farmers, why let the n<|uirielß
eat up your crop wlihu ymi can
kill them with a
McDonald Squirrel <Juii?
References—Washington Agricultural Col
lege, Pullman; University of Idaho, liosoow;
B. T. Byrns. Moscow; Reed, Moscow; First
National Bank, Moscow; G. Horn, Oakesdale:
J R. Lee, Colfax.
Warranted, if directions are followed, or
money refunded, and $25 on the Hide to any
one proving differently.
<;. E HICKEY, (;enl Agent.
Box 42ti, Walla W»U», Wash.
Pioneer Drug Store,
W. J. HAMILTON, Propr.
Prescription Work n Specialty.
A complete stocl of
Drugs, Medicines, Cbemieah,
Soaps, BnisheH, I'trfiimeries,
Paints, Oils, Class,
Notions, Books, Stutionery.
Telephone No. 37. IVUin Street, Colf'ax
Jl p THRESHING MACHINE
. I.U. and EXTRAS.
Our Extras, wliicli are first clasp, sell at. about
one-ha'f the prices charged by other houses.
Header and Jackson Extras.
150 ft. 8-inch 4 ply Gandy Belt $88.60
Myers' Tank Pump, complete 15.00
Cyliuder Teeth, each tl cts
J. C. BILSLAND,
Next d«>or to Ghnmbop, Main Street, Colfax
kst. Vincent's Academy
WALLA WALLA, WASH.
A select Boarding School for young girls.
Gives a thorough education in all English
branches. Music, Fancy Work, Languages,
etc. No compulsion with regard to religious
opinions. TERMS MODERATE.
Address, SISTER SUPERIOR.
Express and Drayman
Will haul your freight or move your
goods and chattel*
Sells the Best
Pumps and Windmills
in the Pal'>use Country.
See him before having.
FRED H. BROWN b u >- 8
Cattle and Hogs.
Pays highest market price.
Office with Chas. DeFranee, Co!f»x, Wash.
C O L.F A X
Marble and Granite Works
D. MILLGARD & CO. Proprietors.
Monuments, Headstones, Tablets
All Kinds of Cemetery Work.
Call and see Rampie* Wall Htreet
Is read by people whom
the advertiser desires to
reach with his announce