t. A Kill.l I) IiINCOIiN'B WOItDS.
Bryan's Pretended Quotation and
A citizen of Portland writes to the
Oregonian a letter in which he traces to
its source the passage from President
Lincoln's first message which Mr. Bryan
publicly applies to present conditions.
The rank dishonesty of the performance
appears when the omitted portions are
restored. The following is the essential
portion of the letter published in the
In his labor day address at Chicago
Mr. Btyan quotes Lincoln's first annual
message to congress as follows:
"Monarchy itself is sometimes hinted
at as a possible refuge from the power
of the people. In my present position I
could scarcely be justified were 1 to omit
a warning against the approach of des
potism. It is not needed nor fitting here
that an argument should be 'rade in
favor of popular institution*; but there
is one point with itn connection not so
hackneyed as most others, to which I
ask brief attention. It is the effort to
place capital on an equal footing with,
if not above, labor in the structure of
the government. .No men living are
more worthy to be tniHted than those
who toil up from poverty; none less in
clined to take or touch aught which
they have not honestly earned. Let
them beware of surrendering a political
power which they already possess, and
which, if surrendered, will surely be used
to close the door of advancement
against such as they, and to fix new
disabilities and burdens upon them till
all of liberty be lost."
Head as above, Lincoln appears to
the average reader as inveighing in the
terms and spirit of a demagogue against
"the approach of despotism," and as if
there was an "effort to place capital on
an equal footing with, if not above, la
bor in the structure of the government."
Hut on reading the message itself, Lin
coln's meaning is perfectly clear, free
from ambiguity, and has a meaning
utterly at variance with Mr. Hiyan's
disingenious interpretation. Lincoln
does not dream of applying his remarks
to corporate pro| erty: he is not prophe
sying the rise of "trusts" or "imperial
ism; he is not seeking to array the
poor against the rich, to spread confu
sion in society, or to pull down on the
back of labor the pillars of national
prosperity. He refers to the argument
made by Mr. Hryan's political progen
itors that man could have property in
man; that God Almighty had written
perpetual servitude in the black man's
skin. 1 herewith quote in full that por
tion of Lincoln's message bearing on
the subject, and submit to every candid
man whether Mr. Bryan's garbled quo
tation and unwarranted inferences do
not mark him as either a loose student
of politics or as a dangerous tritier with
the truths of history:
What Lincoln Keally Said.
"It continues to develop that the in-
Burrection is largely, if not exclusively, a
war upon the first principle of popular
government—the rights of the people.
Conclusive evidence of this is found in
the most grave and maturely considered
public documents, as well as in the gen
eral tone of the insurgents. In these
documents we find the abridgement of
the existing right of suffrage and the
denial to the people of all right to par
ticipate in the selection of public officers
except the legislative boldly advocuted,
with labored arguments to prove that
large control of the people in govern
ment is the source of all political evil.
Monarchy itself is sometimes hinted at
as a possible refnge from the people.
"In my present position I could
scarcely be justified were 1 to omit rais
ing a warning voice against this ap
proach of returning despotism.
"It is not needed nor fitting here that
a general argument should be made in
favor of popular institutions; but there
is one point, with its connections, not
so hackneyed as most others, to which I
ask a brief attention. It is the efiort to
place capital on an equal footing with,
if not above, labor in the structure of
government. It is assumrd that labor
is available only in connection with capi
tal, that nobody labors unless some
body else, owning capital, somehow by
the use of it induces him to labor. This
assumed, it is next considered whether
it is best that capital shall hire laborers,
and thus induce them to work by their
own consent, or buy them alive and
drive them to it without their consent.
Having proceeded so far, it is naturally
concluded that all laborers are either
hired laborers or what we call slaves.
And further, it is assumed that whoever
is once a hired laborer is fixed in that
condition for life.
"Now there is uo such relation between
capital and labor as assumed, uor is
there any such tiling as a free man being
fixed for life in the condition of a hired
laborer. Both these assumptions are
false, and all inferences from them are
"Labor is prior to and independent of
capital. Capital is only the fruit of la
bor, and could never have existed if
labor had not first existed. Labor is
the superior of capital, and deserves
much the higher consideration. Capital
has its rights, which are as worthy of
protection as any other rights. Nor is
it denied that there is, and probably
always will be, a relation between labor
and capital producing mutual benefits.
The error is in assuming that the whole
labor of community exists within that
relation. A few men owu capital, and
thai few avoid labor themselves, and
with their capital hire or buy another
few to labor for them. A large majority
belong to neither clbbs—neither work for
others nor have others working for
them. In most of the southern states a
that winter is coming
and that by buying
your fuel in large
quantities you can
get better rates.
CODD & MACKENZIE
COLFAX GAZETTE, COLFAX, WASHINGTON, SEPTEMBER 14, 1900.
majority of the whole people of all col
ors tire neither slaves nor masters, while
in the northern a large majority are
neither hirers nor hired. Men. with their
families—wives, sons and daughters
work for themselves on their farms, in
their houses and in their shops, taking
the whole product to themselves, and
asking no favors of capital on the one
hand nor of hired laborers or slaves on
the other. It is not forgotten that a
considerable number of persons mingle
their own labor with capital: that is,
they labor with their hands and also
hire others to labor for them; but this is
only a mixed, and not a distinct class.
No principle stated is disturbed by the
existence of this mixed class.
"Again, as haß already been said,
there is not of necessity any such thing
as the free hired laborer being fixed to
that condition for life. Many independ
ent men everywhere in these states a few
years back in their lives were hired la
borers. The prudent, penniless beginner
in the world labors for wages awhile,
saves a surplus with which to buy tools
or land for himself, then labors on his
own account another while, and at
length hires another new beginner to
help him. This is the just and generous
and prosperous system which opens the
way to all, gives hope to all, and con
sequent energy and progress and im
provement of condition to all. No men
living are more woithy to be trusted
than those who toil up from poverty;
none lesa inclined to take or touch
aught whi?h they have honestly earned.
Let them beware of surrendering a po
litical power which they already possess,
and which if surrendered will surely be
used to close the door of advancement
against such as they and to fix new dis
abilities and burdens upon them till all
of liberty shall be lost."
MAY BE FIVE THOUSAND.
So Says the Manager of the Dallas
Chicago, Sept. 10. —The following
statement of the situation in (jilventon
and along the coast was received to
Dallas, Texas, Sept. 10— Charles S.
Diehl, general manager of the Associated
Press, Chicago: From the latest re
ports, which are considered reliable, the
disitster at Galveston and along the
const has not been exaggerated. The
waters of the gulf and the bay met, cov
ering the island to a depth of six to 12
feet. During the sudden flood a most
terrible storm was raging, the wind
blowing about 80 miles an hour. Many
of the dead have been uncovered, others
are still under the debris and others
were carried out to sea. It ia not pos
sible to give at this time a reliable re
port as to the number of dead. From
estimates made by reliable persons who
have just come from (Jalvestou it is be
lieved that not less than 1500, and
possibly as many as 5000 people were
drowned. Of course the wounded are
numerous. The damage to Droperty is
most shocking Some of the best public
buildings and private establishments
were wrecked. Thousands of homes
were swept entirely away. It is quite
safe to set this down an oue of the
greatest disasters that has ever visited
the United States. The loss of property
is irreparable;thp loss of life is appalling.
"G. B. Dealy,
"Manager Dallas News.'"
President McKinley, through the sec
retary of war, has ordered 50,()()() ra
tions and 10,000 tents to the strickeu
Belief funds are being sent from every
quarter of the Doited States.
At Seabrook, Alvin and a dozen inter
mediate points between Houston and
(inlveston, the number of dead bodies
gathered up by rescue trains and sailing
craft had reached, at noon, more than
700. This is only a small scope, of the
country devastated, and it is feareil
that the death list from the st>rm will
ultimately show not less than fiOOO
victims. Hundreds of bodies have been
swept out to sea and never will be ac
Hardly a Dry House.
"Very few if any buildings escaped in
jury. There is hardly a habitable dry
house in the city. When the people who
escaped death went out to view the work
of the tempest arid floods they saw the
most horrible sight imaginable. In the
three blocks from Avenue N to Avenue I'
in Fremont street I saw eight bodies.
Four corpses were in one yard. The
whole of the busiuess front for three
blocks in from the gulf was stripped of
every vestige of habitation, the dwell
ings, establishments and every structure
having either been carried out to sea or
its ruins piled in a pyramid far into the
town, according to the vagaries of the
tempest. The Brat hurried glance over
the city showed that the largest struc
tures, supposed to be the most substan
tially built, suffered the most.
"It will take a week to tabulate the
dead and missing and get anything near
approximately an idea of the loss. It is
safe to assume that one-half the proper
ty of the city is wiped out, and that one
half of the residents have to face abso
"For ten miles inland from the k!i re
it is a common sight to see email craft
such as steam launches, schooners and
oyster sloops. The lifeboat of the life
saving station was carried half a mile
inland, while a vessel that was anchored
in Moses bayou lies high and dry live
miles up from La Marque.
Cured of Chronic Diarrhoea After
Thirty Years of Suffering.
"I suffered for thirty years with di
arrhoea and thought I whs past being
cured," says John S. Hailoway, of
French Camp, Miss. "I had spent so
much time and money and suffered so
much that L had given up all hopes of
recovery. I was so feeble from the effects
of the diarrhoea that I could do no
kinii of labor, could not even travel, but
by accident I was permitted to find a
bottle of Chamberlain's Colic, Cholera
and Diarrhoea Remedy, and after taking
several bottles I am entirely cured of
that trouble. lam so pleased with the
result that 1 am anxious that it be in
reach of all who suffer as I have." For
sale by all druggist^
Harper Whiskey Received Gold
(Special diepatch.) Paris, Aug. 25.—
American whiskies received the official
approval of the exposition today, wheu
gold medal was awarded to Bernheim
Bros., Louisville, Ky., on their I. W.
Harper whiskey. Sold in Colfax, Wash.,
by \V. J. Hamilton o
For bargains in real estate, call on
Encho, Larue & Co., Davis building,
Makes hot breakfast-breads wholesome—no
yeast germs, no alum. Makes cake, biscuit
and pastry of superior fineness, flavor and deli
cacy. Makes food that will keep moist and
sweet. Is most economical, because it is the
purest and greatest in leavening strength. In
the easy, expeditious preparation of the finer
cakes and pastries, Royal is indispensable.
Care must be taken to avoid baking powders made
from alum. Such powders are sold cheap, because
they cost but a low cents per pound. Not only
will they spoil th<- cake, but alum is a corro
sive acid, which take;i in food means injury to health.
HOYAL BAKING POWDER CO.. 100 WILLIAM ST., NEW YORK.
KECORDS FOR THE WEEK.
History of tlie Transactions in Whit
man County Lands.
Patents and Receipts.
U S to Clifford West, ivhf ne qr and n hf
nw qr 28 19 41.
U S to James Boyle, ac qr sw qr and sw qr
86 qr 10 20 45.
Lueinda M Paddock to 1 E Lobaugh
i 6 b39 Pullman...! $ 900 00
I E Lobau«h to Penelope Swain It 6
b39 Pullman . . 900 00
Jonathan Johnson to Jas E Gwinn Its
12 13 h 11 Johnson 75 00
J Johnson to J A Gwinn Its 12 13 b 11
Johnson 50 00
Geo VV Reed to D R Judson £ int 1 7
h2Branham 130 00
N P Ry Co to Elias Molee ne qr ne qr
B wqrllls 39 924 25
E I Wilnon to Davis & Moffatt agnnt
s hf Sls 41
Shern an M Swank to L J Swank se
qr 15 12 45 1 00
M E Fitzgerald to Thos Dwyer c hf
bw qr and Its 3 4 301346 3300 00
John J Farnsworth to Jacob S Haye
tract b 10 Fitch's ad Palouse 450 00
Jn>i-">n Williams to Mary Adler Its
14 15 If, b 66 BE ad Farminpton.. 85 00
Lafayette Starcher to Martha Will
iams Its 14 15 It) h Go" RR ad Farm
ington S5 00
O R & N Co to Wm Huntley n hf 33
15 41 2(550 00
Ole Lrrson to L S Bondell 16 b(> Gar
tield 1500 00
T .V Swain to Jacob Kimm s hf 8 hf
tract iv '29, 20 42 30 00
\V F P.urrell Af>t to Ed Hogan et al
lpases nw qr 11 and ft ne qr 10 14 44
Isaac R Hughey to Ellen West lta 16
17 18 bk 35 2nd Synd Add Guy.... 100 00
H S Hollingsworth to W Schluting pt
Its 5 6 bk 72 C.lfax 250 00
i) II Halliday to Cormolia Webster pt
It 5 bk 31 Colfax 85 00
C M Cromwell to Annie Wilton Its 2
3 b 1 Emily W Hull's Add Colfax. . 1200 00
Henry Fowler to Laura N Stuart It 12
bk 5 Diamond 30 00
N P Ry Co to John McGregor nw qr
2.) 14 38 320 00
Joseph Canutt sheriff to Phoenix Mut
Life Ins Co nw qr 2ti 18 40 133 13
Jos Canutt sheriff to Loland Merrill
i! ht sw qr nw qr se qr nw qr nhf
nw (jr 13 lit 41 1557 39
Hattie E Farnsworth to C H Farns
worth pt se qr 2 lii 45. 90 00
R P Turnley to B O Winslow It 1 bk
0 Rosalia 300 00
Dora James to Wm J Roberta It 6 bk
4 300 00
John C Norria to Laura N Stuart It
10 11 bk 5 Diamond 100 00
Wm H Stuart to Kellogg & Simmons
nhf shf 30 13 38 .. 1000 00
Fred H McCroskey to Robert Hanna
ac qr 7 17 44 2800 00
NPRyCo t 0 Alexander Nail whf
nw qr 21 15 44 500 00
John R (iainps to W S Games 1-2 int
pt Its 21 22 23 24 b 12 Oakesdale
bond for deed 3000 00
Bertha E Tytler to John McGregor
ne qr and se qr 27 15 37 . 1000 00
Jas Boyle to Julia Thompson se qr sw
qr and rw qr se qr 10 20 45 850 00
Wm McKinney to Dan Fish pt sw qr
23 19 44 75 00
01UN Co to Herman Tarks sw qr
1 17 40 880 00
() R&NCo to J H Janssen nw qr 1
17 40 870 32
Elberton Imp Co to D J Irwin 1 12 b
3 Elberton 35 00
Elberton Imp Co to D J Irwin 1 11 b
3 Elberton 30 00
Geo W Nye to John Dioua Its 5 G b
50 Gill's ad Garfield 250 00
0 H Johnson to John Drew pt 1 7 b 0
(lartield . 550 00
Lucy E Hanna to T D Ferguson pt s
ht s hf 34 17 43 . . . 1 00
Robt Hanna to T D Ferguson pt s hf
a hf 34 17 43 2445 00
Thos Dwyer to M E Fitzgerald c hf
sw qr and Its :5 4 30 13 46 ... 2800 00
Geo W Wolfe to W T Byrna nw qr 34
14 45 1500 00
Jas Thomas to Archibald McGregor c
hf 24 14 38 000 00
Releases of Mortgages.
Vermont L & T Co to John P Hull . 1400 00
M M Owen to S M Swank 1200 00
Davis & Moffdtt to E I Wilson chat 300 00
Davis & Moffatt to E I Wilson chat . 310 00
Jas Cairns to L V Lindley chattel ...
Brown & O^le to G W Roberts 1000 00
C W Hackett Hardware Co to Geo W
James Cairns to John A Allen two
Colfax Implement Co to Malinda Wil
son chattel 87 50
Colfax Imp Co to H W Guinaey chat 73 50
Greer & Collins to Gilhsrt Hunt Co,
horses harness etc 175 00
Edwd Watts to Geo W Hill horses
harness wagon 1250 00
W H Spaugh to W J Chism 2 horses 135 00
It J Wilson to Robt Coutts 1-2 crop s
hf nw qr nhf sw qr al3 s hf ne qr
s 24 n hf ne qr s 25 14 45 400 00
E C Moys to Aultman A Taylor Co
farm mach ] 200 00
J M Dollaride to J W Clark horses
harness buggies etc .. 200 00
Max Roony to Wm Hoare boar ding
house Tekoa 120 95
Birt Crooks to J I Case Threshing
Mach Co feeder 175 00
J Crith field to A very Mfg Co engine 700 00
C A Perrin to W F York feeder 250 00
J H Greer to Chalenor & Co 4 horses
harness wagon 90 00
J A Allen to Jas Cairns horses har
ness wagon crop It 2 6 14 42 150 00
Mrs Edith Corbett to Lily Randolph
hack horses cattle etc 500 00
D Richard to Russell & Co farm mach 1059 00
Bittinger & Whistler to The Aultman
Co farm manh , 2518 75
Perrin & Frieck to Russell & Co farm
mach 1157 00
Henry Straw to Hayfield Bros truck
horses harness 75 00
Bills of Sale.
G H Brownlee to E G Brownlee
horses wagon farm mach etc
C Jeffries to Wm Jeffries horses wagon
harness 400 00
A Schlotthauer to J G Bilsland farm
mach 30 00
F M Busby to J T Lobaugb &Co
wagon 87 50
Garmt Elings vs S Barghoorn et al Lis
Jacob Ogle to Fred C Kuehl et al—Lis
Hwept Away dy fiagrnes.
Italy once had a plague that killed
10,000 persons daily. Five hundred a
day died in Home. In one year 200,000
citizens of Constantinople died. The
epidemic of 1347-9 was the worst ever
visited on man. In Asia 23,000,000 per
ished by It and in Europe 23,000,000.
In London 200 persons were buried
daily in the Charterhouse yards. It
was called "black death." The plague
in England in 1471 destroyed more peo
ple than the continual wars for the 15
"Sweating sickness," prevailing in
England for three years, killed half the
population of all the capital towns and
depopulated Oxford. It was mortal in
three hours. The great plague of Lon
don in IGG4 carried off 100,000 people.
A transport with soldiers on board,
from Sardinia to Naples, brought a
plague that destroyed 400,000. An epi
demic started in Marseilles by a ship
from the Levant killed over 00,000.
To Swallow His Own Advice.
"I had a horrible dream last night,"
said Huddleston when he came down
to breakfast the other morning.
"What was it?" asked his wife.
"I dreamed that I was in purgatory
and was made to do all the things I
had told my friends I would do If I
were in their places."—Brooklyn Life.
A Gemrine Dilemma.
"I know what you want, Mr. Spoon
amore," said Johnny. "You want to
On which account the sorely tried
young woman dared not send the im
pudent youngster out of the room. —
Still More Counterfeiting.
The secret service has unearthed an
other band of counterfeiters and secured
a large quantity of bogus bills, which
are so cleverly executed that the average
person would never suspect them of be
ing spurious. Things of great value are
always selected by counterfeiters for im
itation, notably the celebrated Hostet
ter's Stomach Bitters, which has many
imitators but no equals for indigestion,
dyspepsia, constipation, nervousness
and general debility. The bitters sets
things right in the stomach, and when
the stomach is in good order it makes
good blood and plenty of it. In this
manner the bitters get at the seat of
strength and vitality, and restore vigor
to the weak and debilitated. Beware of
counterfeits when buying o
The Whisky Without a Headache.
Wm. Schluting, proprietor of the New
Castle, has just received direct from the
J. W. McCulloch distillery, Owensboro,
Ky., a shipment of the celebrated Green
River whisky, the whisky without a
headache. Selected for its purity and
superior quality by the government for
exclusive use in the U. S, army and navy
hospitals. This goods is put up full
measure and is recommended for family
If you have lands to sell of any de
scription, list them with Eacho, Larue
& Co., who will advertise and find you
Go to W. (}. Busses for crockery,
glass and granite ware.
It pays to buy at Averill's store, El
Empty barrels for sale by J. J. Hoepp
Watch for Aaron
Kulm Colfax's great
est store, special nexi
THE SIXTH ANN I A I
WHITMAN COUNTY FAIR
To be Held at Colfax.
Opens Tuesday, September 25,
Closes Saturday, September %29.
Grand Exhibit Horse Races
of the products of field, running, trotting, relay,
orchard and garden. slow and novelty.
Balloon Ascensions Special Attractions
will be given on two dif- each day that will be well
ferent days of the Fair. worth seeing.
Free Dance Free Show
each night of the Fair every night under aus
at the Armory. pices of the Association.
Five Days of Amusement, Instruction
ADMISSION: Single admission, 25c; Season ticket, $1;
Family ticket, family of five persons, $1.
,wsj£te Bring Your Pennies
awßpfr THE ttKK IIIYK
SlKiiraiE And get all your School Supplies.
Cheapest store in Colfax on All Kinds of Notions.
Remember us on Shoes. Don't Forget the Place.
THE BEE HIVE, "£SS«
Pioneer Drug Store,
W. J. HAMILTON, Propr.
Prescription Work a Specialty.
A complete stock of
Drugs, Medicines, Chemicals,
SoapH, Brushes, Perfumeries,
Paints, Oils, Glass,
Notions, Books, Stationery.
Telephone No. 37. Main Street, Colfax
G. W. PALMER,
Livery, Feed and Sale
Fine Turnouts of All Kinds
Best attention given to transient stock.
Horses fed by the day or week.
Telephone Main 12.
MILL STREET. COLFAX, WASH
Buy Your Groceries
J±. E. Fonts,
All t;oods first class. Highest prices paid
for farm produce.
FRED H. BROWN Buys
Cattle and Hogs.
Pays highest market price.
C. N. CLAEK
Leave orders at Barroll &
Mohney's Hardware Store.
L B. HARRIS, Propr.
Fresh and Cured Meats,
Fish and Game in season.
There ia no doubt about the quality of the
meats sold from the blockn of this market
it is the BEST.
The highest market price paid for cattle
South Main Street, Uolfax.
Will pay prompt attention to advertising
and posting bills for all sales put in my hands
t ree corral* at Colfax for stock brought to me
to sell. Parties at a distance will find it to
their advantage to communicate with me be
fore fixing dates or making final arrangement!
for sales. CaL on or address me at Colfax
and yonr sale will receive prompt and careful
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