Newspaper Page Text
■THE COLFAX GAZETTE.
TWENTY-FOURTH \ a
dL A WATCH FREE
WtS^/ W° Will Ye a tlllly uarantecd watch
y FREE with every Boy's long pant suit,
selling for $4.98 and up.
We bought a few too many suits of this kind and make
this offer so as to close the id out quick.
Men's all-wool pink ribbed underwear, worth and sold by
others for $2.50 per suit. Our special suit, con- C^-i f\ **
sisting of shirt and drawers, per suit O J-« tJO
All goods marked in plain figures. One price to all.
Money back if goods are not satisfactory.
The Place to Save Money.
WAITE BLOrK, MAIN STUKKT, COLFAX, WASHINGTON
When You Want Supplies
. Why Go to Outside Cities?
YOU CAN BUY HERE AS CHEAP, AND VERY OFTEN CHEAPER.
The city merchant has very few facilities for buying and Belling which the
country merchant does not also possess. In fact, the advantages on the whole are
on the Hide of the country dealer. His rent is much less. His general expends are
much less Why then does so much trade go to outside cities, which of riirbt
should be distributed throughout the neighborhood in which your lot is cast'
Because the country dealer lets it go there.
Whatever the state of affairs may be in other Palouse Couutry stores we will
not sell you cotton for wool, nor jute for flax. We buy for cash; "we cell for cash-
We buy iv large quantities; this means another big saving. We ask no one to
trade with us simply because we are in business in this neighborhood We do
not ask your patronage as a right; we ask you to come here because
It Pays You to Buy in Colfax.
The meaner sorts of merchandise we have no time to bother with- neither
have you if we judge the trading public aright. Clean, honest, reliable stuff at
lowest prices, is what intelligent buyers are looking for. We keep none other. '
Fall and Winter Goods
Come and Look at the First Arrivals
New styles in Ladies' Jackets, Capes and Tailor
Suits, Dress Skirts and Silk Waists, also the Latest
Fabrics in Dress Goods.
Our new lines in Staple Dry Goods, Clothing, Furnishing
Goods, Boots and Shoes, Hats and Caps, Carpets and OU
Cloths are coming in fast and all departments are well assorted.
Pioneer Merchant. Col fax, Washington
fr^Kffl^i 'Hap aD(i we are prepared with
■ I HL Urim@ the following:
U^^&rZT_ ~ "~T^ *U Sweet ci(ler J Sour Kraut,
y^'jjliir^ Shredded Biscuits,
P2^^l[g ll.O.Rolstonand other Mush Goods
§gWJj3 Honey and Maple Syrup,
p'"" =^'-^-" r Fruit Pudding, Oranges, Etc
Ili^h (irade Teas and Coffees.
CA'ffi^F (•H mooke '
TQO r |T b ' Hsb for Poultry or Merchandwe exchaDgeH.
. q Y|,|~ DC O T Seed, Hay and Grain.
IW Id PlZiO !• Ph-ne Main 34. COLFAX, WASH.
V -■ Tracts in all Variety.
i/Jil II ~ Some were taken under mortgage
.UULLLU-KJ and must be sold
I Farming and Pasture Lands,
TflT* '! *luit aiul ar(leniu» tracts,
J-v/J- | Orchards.
> Houses and Lots in Colfax, Pull-
O| 1 man, Palouse and Moscow.
i^ IC^ \ Desk room to rent.
Harry Cornw ell.
A. J. DAVIS
DAVIS & MOFFATT
Knapp, Burrell & Company
AT THE OLD STAND.
COLFAX, WASHINGTON, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 16, 1900
NEWS OP THE STATES
(iathered From Hills, Valleys
and Plains of the Union.
Boiled Down As It Comes From
the Wires lor Information of
Wednesday, October 7.
A Minneapolis dispatch says: A bliz-
Eard in bearing dowu upon this section.
The weather has turned cold and heavy
bdow storms are reported from various
places. New Richmond, Win., reports
five inches, with the Know still falling
and the wind blowing a gale.
The dead body of Pearl Forbes, a
young woman of 20, was found iv a ra
vjne near her home near Leavenworth,
Kaunas. She had been strangled.
The White house wires and mails were
loaded with congratulations to Presi
dent McKinley from friends all over the
The Portland mine at Oipple Creek,
Colorado, is said to have been sold to an
Bogiish syndicate for $15,000,000.
Senator I'ettigrew who was repudi
ated hy the people of South Dakota, pre
diets the "formation of v new party,
based oo the protests of the outraged,
against republicanism as taught by
Thursday, November H.
Spanish-speaking cigar-makers in
Tampa, Fla., have started a strike
against American workmen, and official
report* received at headquarters of the
international union indicate that the
trouble is assuming serious proportion?.
Nearly 1000 English-speaking workmen
have been made idle in consequence of
the position of their opponents.
The Piqua roller mills at Piqua, Ohio,
will rename work Monday after an idle
ness of three months. Two hundred men
will be employed.
McKinley's plurality in lowa about
100.000: in Illinois 95,093 Yates, re
publican, for governor in Illinois, 05,
--049. Indiana gives McKinley at lea6t
30,000, possibly more, while Ohio's
plurality is raised to 70,117. Minne
sota elected Van Sant, republican, for
governor over John Lind. Bryan
carried Idaho by about 1500. Ken
tucky is surely democratic by 7000 to
s()().), though the face of the returns is
disputed by republicans.
From Porto Rico the official returns
of Tuesday's election are nearly all at
hand from the various parts of the
island. They show, as was anticipated
and forecasted, the election by the re
publicans of the entire house of delegates
and of Senor Frederico Degaton as com
missioner of congress. Only 151 federals
went to the polls, the total republican
vote being about 58,000.
ka official statement fro;n Nome bank- '
ers gives the cold output of that district
as f5,000,000-for the past season, as
compared with |2,000,000 for 18'J9.
Semi-official figures ol President Mc-
Kioley's hope eoanty of Stark enow
that he trained nearly 2000 over his
plurality of «00 in 1896, and ran 700
ahead of the state ticket in the county.
Returns from 30 counties show tbe
constitutional amendment providing for
holding biennial instead of annual elec
tioDe in lowa has undoubtedly been
adopted by 25,000 plurality.
Quay says he has secured enough
Pennsylvania legislators to insure his
election to the senate.
Nearly complete returns show that
California gives McKinley almost 40,000
plurality. The legislature will be phen
omenally republican, about 09 to 21 on
joint ballot. Bryan carried Montana
by 8000, to over 33,000 in 1896, and
the legislature is largely Clark demo
cratic. McKinley took Delaware by
4013 in a total vote of less than 40,000.
Weet Virginia legislature is republican.
Virginia went Bryan 33,000. Lentz, the
notorious democratic Ohio congressman,
is defeated by 8, in a district 250 demo
One death and one new case of yellow
[over at Jackson, Miss.
Friday, November 9.
Biloxi Miss., was swept by a terrific
tire. Over 100 houses were destroyed.
Hundreds of people were rendered home
The president has issued an order
p) acing under the control of the secre
tary of the interior for disposition under
the law all of the land included within
the limits of the military reservation of
Fort Shermau, Idaho, reserved under
previous executive orders. The land is
situated on the Coeur d'Aleue lake, at
the outlet of the Spokane river in Koote
nai county, Idaho, comprising in all
nearly 900 acres.
At Redding, Calif., a fire, the origin of
which is attributed to chemical action,is
burning in the Peck tunnel of the great
iron mine. The drift has been closed and
100 men employed there have been laid
A flat increase of 1 cent a pound was
put upon beef, pork and mutton by Chi
cago packers. In the adjustment of
prices to the cousutuers choice cuts of
beef have gone up as much as 5 cents.
Pork tenderloin jumped the same
amount and mutton went up 3 cents.
Packers claim the* have been selling
dressed meats at a loss for several years.
A child of Mrs. Alice Thramer, a divine
healer of Anoka, Minn., visiting at Roy
altou, having died, the coroner's jury
found her and Mrs. J. P. Thramer and
B. W. Branner guilty of criminal negli
New England had bad weather, and
there was a terriffic gale on the lakes
and the Atlan'ic off New York.
Bryan's plurality in Missouri is indi
cated by almost complete returns to be
between 10,000 and 45,000, against 58,
--257 in 1896.
At Butte, Mont., Sheriß Young of
Park county was shot dead and his
deputy, Frank Beller, fatally wounded by
a stranger whom they were attempting
to arrest. The murderer escaped.
McKinley carried Nebraska by about
Saturday, November 1O
Republican campaigners made 15,000
Bpm-hes under auspices of the national
In Mississippi Attorney General Me
(lurg filed a declaration in the circuit
court charging 19 cotton oil mills in
tne state with viohting the new anti
trust law. The declaration asks for a
forfeiture of charter and that the statu
tory penalty be imposed.
Kansas fusiouists elected oce cod
gresstnau, A. If. Jm-kson, in the Third
district by 282. All others are repobli-
A heavy wind and snow Btorm raged
at Marinett, Wiß.,with snow eight incht h
deep at noon.
Monitor Arkausan was launched at
Bryan's Colorado plurality is 78,385.
Compared with 1896 the Bryan vote fell
off about 41,(K)o, while the McKinley
vote increased about 64,000.
Sunday. November 11.
Because he was drunk and abused her,
Mrs. May Schmidt shot and killed her
husband at Chicago.
The total expenditure by the goveru
tnent on account of the [ndian service
from March 4, 1789, up to and includ
ing July 30, 1900, baa been |368,358,
--217, according to the annual report of
Commissioner of Indian Affairs William
A. Jones. The expenditures for the fiscal
year endtd last July amounted to $10,
--175,107. Of this amount (it lea^
$3,330,000 was devoted to the cause of
A ereat majority of the yarn mills of
the fcouth have entered into the plan
controlling the sale of their products by
specially appointed agents.
Five hundred Indians around Cooks
inlet, Alaska, are suid to be dying from
Monday, November 12.
The Chicago Chronicle, democratic
eaye: "The .National Salt Co., yesterday
put up the price of common table salt of
a fair quality to $2 50 per lot) pounds.
The price before was $1.10. The Nation
al Salt Co. coutrols directly !)C> per cent
of the salt output of the country, and is
able to dominate the remaining ."> per
cent of the production."'
More than 200 hoisting engineers and
7000 miners in Indiana will be idle to
morrow as a result of the failure of the
Indiana block and bituminous coal
operators to ei^n the scale presented to
them today by the engineers. The scale
submitted i» the one now paid in Illi
nois and its adoption would advance
Indiana wages 20 per cent.
Secretary of war ordered a battalion
of infantry and a squadron of cavalry
withdiawn from Porto Rico, being no
A number of persons claiming to be
American citizens have submitted to the
state department claims against the
Boers for the destruction of their proper
ty and injuries to their business in the
late South African republic and Orange
Free state. No decision has been ar
rived at as to what disposition shall be
made of these case«.
Pennsylvania railroad gave an order
for 2000 freight cars, which makes ")420
contracted for within a week.
Kentucky republicans announce that
they will not contest for the governor
ship. The committee says: "There is
no tribunal to which we can appeal with
any hope of an impartial bearing."
Between 1000 and 1500 engineers and
firemen of'the Chicago, Milwaukee & St.
Paul railroad system have received ma
terial concessions in the way of pay and
Henry Villard, railway promoter and
financier, died at New York.
Tuesday, November 13
Operators on th>> Santa Fe railway
system struck. They were out half »n
hour and returned to work with a 20
per cent raise in salaries.
At a dinner at the White house, at
tended by cabinet members, President
McKinley expressed a desire that his
present cabinet remain intact through
out bis next term. None committed
themselves, but none declined.
Senator Cushmau K. Davis of Minne
sota is at death's door.
The Linseed Oil Trust is weak and
stock fell rapidly.
The Georgia legislature unanimously
elected Bryan president and was duly
November wheat at Chicago, 72',.
Portland, cash, 55; Tacoma, same.
A bill to disfranchise the negro was
introduced in the Georgia legislature.
Kentucky equalization board raised
tax valuation of whiskey from $7 to
$10 a barrel.
AROUND THK COUNTY.
Oakesdale Sun: A. B. McGuire, one of
our prosperous farmers near Oakesdale
has just completed a new $2,500 resi
dence on his farm. Mr. A. P. Miller has
also built a residence costing in the
neighborhood of $2,000 this year.
Oakesdale citizens are placing a circu
lating library of 200 volumes in that
Gustafson Bros., late of Pomeroy,
have purchased from Archie White the
Pullman flouring mills.
The junior class in railroad engineer
ing at the Agricultural college are doing
practice work in laying out a spur from
the cut southeast of tbe N. P. depot to
the college campus.
Pullman Herald: Pres. Bryan left
Tuesday morning for New Haven, Conn.,
where he goes as a delegate to the na
tional association of agricultural col
leges. Mr. Bryan is chairman of the
committee on co operation between the
department of agriculture and the ex
periment stations, and will make the re
port of the committee at this conven
Made Young Again.
"One of Dr. King's New Life Pills each
night for two weeks hae put me in my
'teens' again" writes D. H. Turner of
Dempseyetown, Pa., They're the best in
the world for Liver, Stomach and Bow
els. Purely vegetable. Never gripe.
Only 25c at The Elk Drug Store, j?. J.
Stone, Propr #
Take Dr. Buck's Celery, Sareaparilla
and Dandelion compound, the best fall
tonic and blood purifier. Sold only at
The Elk Drug Store o
MILLIONS OF PEOPLE
Population of the UiitH States
Has Increased Aiiia/ini;ly.
Increase Haw Been At the Kate ..t
Twenty-one l*er Oral State
People Number 517,0712.
'1 be official announcement of the total
population of the United State* for
1900 i« 76,295,220, of which 74,627,
--*.>o7 are contained in the 1". states, rep
resenting approximately the population
to be used for apportionment purposes
There is a total of 134,168 Indians not
taxed. The total pojiulati.ui in 1890,
with which the aggregate population ol
the present census should be compared
was 63,069,750. Taking the 1890 popu
lation its a basin, there has been a gain
in population of 13,225,464 during the
lust ten years, representing an increase
of nearly 21 p.>r cent.
Following is the official announcement
of the population of the United States
, 1900. 1890.
Alabama 1.828,679 1,613,017
Arkansas . 1,311,564 1,128,179
California 1,485,063 1,208,130
Colorado 539,700 412,198
Connecticut 908 355 746 258
Delaware 184,735 168,493
Florida ">2X r>4-) 391,422
Georgia . 2,216, 320 1 837 ', 353
£» ho. 161,771 84,385
| lllnoi« 4,821,550 3,826,351
'udiana 2.51ti,-lt;;? '2,V.r2,W4
[<> wa 2,251,829 1,91 L,.s;m;
Kansas 1,469.496 1,427.v:»'
Kentucky 2,147,17-1 1 858 635
LuuiKiana 1,381,627 1,118,587
Maine . 694,366 661,086
Maryland 1,189,946 1,042,330
Massachusetts 2,805,346 2,238,843
Michigan 2,419,782 2,'o!»;.'m;:i
Minnesota 1,751,395 1,301.826
Mississippi L.551,372 1,289,600
Mi^'tiri 3,107,117 2 679 !M
Montana 243 289 132 159
Nebraska 1,068,901 1,058 !»1O
Nevada 42,684 4"> 7<U
New Hampshire.. . 411,588 376,530
Ahw Jerbey feCii.tHiit 1,434,933
iNew\ork .. 7,268,009 5,997,853
North Carolina.... 1,891,992 1,617,947
North Dakota 319,040 1*2,71!)
On*o 4,157,545 3,672,316
< Jregon 413,532 ";; 1 S_ 7K7
1 eunsylvania 6,301,365 5,258,014
Khode Inland 428,55ti .'U. r)7)<HJ
South Carolina 1,340,312 1.151J349
Smith Dakota 401,559 328,808
leuneaaee 2,626,723 1 761,518
I exas 3,04,s 828 2,235 523
utah 276,565 207, !•()">
v ermont ;; 13,641 832,422
Virginia 1,854,184 1,655,980
\V ashingtou 517,672 :i4!»,:i'.K)
West Virginia 958,900 sti2.7!>4
Wisconsin 2,068.963 1,686 800
Wyoming <»2,;>:-il 60,705
Total 45 states 74,C-J7,!t07 62,116.811
Alaska (estimated).. 44,000 32,052
Arizona .. 122.212 59,620
Dirt of Columbia ... 278,718 230,892
Hawaii 154,001 S'.t !»:»o
Indian Territory 391,960 120.192
New Mexico ... U»H,777 153,593
Oklahoma 308,245 61,834
Totai 7 territories ... 1,667 313 952.943
Indians, Dot taxed, in the .-"tate.-.:
California ) 549
Colorado 5 967
Idaho -j 2\)~
Montana 107 ID
Nevada ] 555
New York 4,711
North Dakota 4*692
South Dakota 10'!'<•'
Utah. i f 4 72
Indians, not taxed, in territories:
Indian Territory 50*033
New Mexico "i.HHS
Persons in .service of the United States
stationed abroad (estimated) .. . N4.400
Indians, etc., on Indian reservation^
except Indian Territory 145,282
HUSTLE THE FILIPINOS.
General Mac-Arthur Will Hurry Up
New York, Nov. 10.—Major General
Mac Arthur, says a Washington special
to the Herald, will personally direct the
vigorous military operations to be di
rected against the Filipino insurgents.
General Mac Arthur has clearly indicated
that as soon as the lainy season has •
ended he will take personal command of
the troops. This decision has received
the emphatic approval of the president. '
The plans of the war department com
municated to General Mac Arthur for
suppressing the rebellion contemplate
the division of Luzon into districts and
the mobilization of sufficient troops in
those districts to effectually shatter any
insurgent forces that may be operating ■
therein. General Mac Arthur is appar- '
ently confident that he will iiud large |
bodies of insurgents and is laying his
plans to catch them between cross-tirt-n.
The details of the operations must
necessarily be left to him, but the
authorities have indicated clearly that
the insurrection must be crushed "during
the dry season. In army circles the
suggestion is made that it might be ad
vantageous to offer a reward for the ap
prehension of Aguinaldo. Officers are
convinced that his capture would have
an important effect in bringing about an
end of the insurrection. Aguinaldo
would, if alive, be a burden upon the !
administration, and, while the authori
ties do not wish bis death, it is con
i ceded if he should be killed during the
forthcoming operations the situation
would be materially simplified.
Organizing a Labor Party.
New York, Nov. 10—Henry White,
general secretary of the United Garment
Workers, makes a statement to the ef
! feet that a movement has been started
| for tbe organization of a national labor i
noiitical party in sympathy with the
democratic party and to be affiliated
with the national association of demo
cratic clubs. Mr. White says that this (
party, while it is composed exclusively
of members of labor organizations, will
; act independently of the labor party,but
I will further all measures, state and na-1
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
, tioaal, •upposes! to be in tot iatcreatsal
labor It will laror tbs demoeratk
platform, tie says, with the exception of
the free silver plank.
our Policy in China,
Mew fork, Nov. 10 - a cabiaH offleer
espectallj close to to« prnridenl in
qooted in Washington dispatches to the
Herald as saying: ••The Cbinene qu<«.
tjon in all its phases w»h discussed by
tbeeabinH and it w , tf) determined to
loilow tbesame policy nh hitherto ob
«tv>,i. ( 11... United States will join no
power or groan of powers, bat win act
.■onn.rn.ntly with all if it deems
.t . ..H.rahl,. in ebe interest of harmony
and the attaiameal of the prioaplesto
which it ie pledged, though it will pre
nerve n H time honord coarse of inde
pendence of action.' 1
iBMi or fifty thoinamj.
In What S.-natnr Proctor Tlilnlm
Will Ito Authorized
Washington Not. 11.-Sena tor Proc
tor of the senate committa n military
affairs at..! Adjutant Ueneral Curbin held
sn informal conference with the presi
denl yesterday relatiTe to legislation to
••ink of congress in connection with the
proposed increase of tb« regular m .
Under tbe existing law." said Senai
tor 1 roctor, at the condusioa ol the
conference, "the premni rtnmgth of tli<«
army, *... 000 regalars and :'».'. (too v «>l
unteere, will be reduced on tb« Oral .lav
p! next July to 27,000 regnlan. Thin
nan absurdly nmall aoober .»ul co«
--grem will be uHk.-.l by the prmi.ieot to
n-or^,Mi z , the army D pon a larger bam.
It winbei^pywribletokeepany troop.
id fh.' Philippines nnlem the army ih in
creased to»ay nothiogol thegarriMMM
tnr the lortH in tliiH country.
"My own judgment ih that c.>n K reHH
will provide a regular army of 50 000
or about 60,000 men, with d»«retioii to
toe president to raise the total t« Imo
000 if be finds th>- larger Dumber uece*
sary. I have no doobl that thin | t . K - H i
lation will be enacted at the coming am
Navy Short of Mm.
Washington, Nov. IL—The HtHrtlinjr
statement is made in the report of \d
miral Crowninshield, chief of the naviga
tion burean, that the present peraonnel
Of the navy would form bnrely oop
fourth ol the total e*tablishment n>iv H
nary to ti k r( lf a tirHt l )lH8 E oropean
It barely sufficed for tbe Spanish war,
and no longer can l. t - considered, the re
port says, as an effective micleiiH about
which a larger establiahmeoi could he
formed in cihi- of war.
The admiral regards thin need of the
navy for officers and men as most urg
ent He Ha.VB thut the bureau can point,
to many cases where the nervier in beinc
harmed by lack of ot!icern. The n»tval
ucadeoiv ir- rafferiog tor want of iostroe
tors, and tbe present high standard of
traininK can not be maintained. Kvery
bureau in the department is short of
officers, and tbe senriee, tbe report pre
dicts, soon will fiiil Ik-Hm,] it, the Htnitf
gle—first, lor leadership, and then for
qualitj with tbe other services. The dis
ability of the sea-going corps of officers
is tfmitly increased nince tbeSpantsfa
war, j;rid many oi the best officers nre
being l"«t »* n result of breaking down
The admiral severely eritidaea tbe in
eHective effort of congrem attbelasi
-.es-i,.it to meet immediate needa (or offi
cers bj aothorising tbe employmeni of
retired office™, and he demand* tbe im
mediate repeal of thai it.-t. Re daima
flmt the retired list, intended us reward
for faithful service, otherwise becomes a
hardship and a punishment.
>XT HOYEBffMBHT KKVK.M KS.
Over Hal! a Billion Aceordla* To
Washlogtoo, Nov. 12.—The annual
report of TrcaHiirer Roberta on the
operatinos and condition of the treas
ury wuh submitted to Secretary (Jage
today. Mi. Roberta aaje the growth
mid prosperity i,[ the country and the
general mtivity of hnainciee are reflected
in the traneaetionfl of hi« offlee. The
net ordinary revenues of tin-government
for the fiscal y-'ir were $567,240,852,
the larg^t in the history of the country',
exeeptinß those of 1866, the highest by
$47,291,288. The increase of $51,280,
--232 over the preceding year was con
tributed from all the general •oareea,
but chit-fly from cnstoOM aud internal
revenuen. On the side of expenditures
there was a net decrease of *117,.'1G8,
--388 in comparison with 1899, ho thai
the deficiency of $89,111,560 for that
year *v converted into a surplus of
$79,527,060 in L9OO.
The gross receipts under warrant, in
cluding thoHe on aecoaat of public debts,
were 91,387,295.262, and the disburse
ments $1,195,941,477, large increaHe on
both sides over the previous fear. With
the exception of July, 1800," when there
wan a deficiency of i8,r>0f;,«:52, a sur
pluH was realised fur every mouth of the
year, the one for June beug the largest
at $17,805,150. The larirent surp.us on
any one day waa $4,047,396, August
20, and the largest deficiency $2.'!18
--621, July 5, 1899
Death of Marcus Daly.
.New York, Nov. 12.— MamM Daly of
Montana died today at the Hotel Neth
erlands Mr. Daly's death bad been ex
pected for weeks. Be came home from
Europe about the middle of September
and Boon after waH obliged to take to
the bed from whie'j he never again
arose. His j»hyniciauM informed the rela
tives* sometime ago that Mr. Daly could
not recover and they were given assur
ance of life only from day to day.
Bright'i disease complicated with heart
weakuess was the cause of death.
"I have used Chamberlain's Colic,
Cholera and Diarrhoea Remedy aud find'
it to be a gnat medicine," aaja Mr. E.
S. Pbipps, of I'oteau, Ark. '"It cured*
me of bloody flux. I cannot speak too
highly of it.'' This remedy always win*
the good (opinion, it not praise, of those
who une it. The quick cures which it
effects t-ven in the most severe cases
make it a favorite everywhere. For sale
by all druggists,
Ifjnu «aat r<> huy a Btock ranch,
fruit farm or choice wheat lauds, see
Kacho, Lame & i
Gunther's hoarhound drops for colds
at The Elk Drug Store o