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SPLIT LOG DRAG
Makes Impassable Roads
Smooth and Serviceable
GAN BE MADE AT LOW COST
Invention of D. Ward King, a Good
Road Advocate of Missouri, Is a Very
Simple Contrivance That Any Farm
er Can Have For the Price of a Few
Pieces of Iron and Some Nails.
The split log drag is one of the de«
vices which refuse to be scouted out
of existence in the making of good
earth roads. It was devised a num
ber of years ago by D. Ward King of
Maitland. Mo. Mr. King is a native of
He says that one grave mistake is
commonly made in constructing the
CONDITION OF A BOADWAY BEFORE USING
[From Southern Good Roads Magazine.]
drag. That lies in making it too
heavy. It should be so light that one
man can easily lift it. Besides, a light
drag responds more readily to various
methods of hitching and to the shift
ing of the position and weight of the
operator, both of which are essential
A dry red cedar log is the best ma
terial for the drag. lied elm and wal
nut when thoroughly dried are excel
lent, and box elder, soft maple and even
willow are preferred to oak, hickory or
The log should be seven or eight
feet long and from ten to twelve
Inches in diameter and carefully split
down the middle. The heaviest and
best slab should be selected for the
front. The two slabs should be held
thirty inches apart by the stakes. A
strip of iron about three and a half
feet long, three or four inches wide
and one-fourth inch thick may be used
for the blade. This should be attach
ed to the front slab. A platform of
inch boards, held together by three
deals, should be placed on the stakes
between the slabs. An ordinary trace
chain is strong enough to draw the
implement, provided the clevis is not
fastened through a link.
The successful operation of a drag
involves two principles whi<-h, when
thoroughly understood and intelligent
ly applied, make road working with
this Implement simple. The first con
cerns the length and position of the
hitch, while the second deals with the
position of the driver on the drag. For
ordinary purposes the snatch link or
clevis should be fastened far enough
toward the blade end of the chain to
force the unloaded drag to follow the
team at an angle of forty-five degrees.
This will cause the earth to move
along the face of the drag smoothly
and will give comparatively light draft
to the team, provided the driver rides
in the line of draft.
Usually two horses are enough to
pull a drag over an ordinary earth
road. The toaiu should be driven with
one horse on either side of the right
BXSTJIiTS GAINED BY THE DRAG.
(From Southern Good Roads Magazine.]
hand wheel track or rut the full length
of the portion to be dragged and the
KtQrn made over the other half of the
The drag does the best work when
the soil is moist but not sticky.
The advantages to be gained from
the persistent use of a road drag may
be summarized as follows:
First.—The maintenance of a smooth.
serviceable earth mad. tree from ruts
Second.— Obtaining such a road sur
face with the expenditure of a little
money and labor in comparison with
the money and labor required for oth
Third.—The reduction of mud in wet
weather and of dust in dry weather.
There are also several minor bene
fits gained from the use of a road drag
besides the great advantages which al
ways accrue from the formation of im
proved highways, of which may be
mentioned the banishment of weeds
and jrrass from Cite dragged portion of
Road Builder Valuable Citizen.
No community can have a more val
uable citizen than he who understands
the theory of road building and who
1b at the same time a practical road
builder and an enthusiast on the sub
ROAD BUILDING AS AN ART.
Establishment of Chairs on Subject In
Colleges Urged by an Expert.
BamneJ Hill, 8 son-in-law of James
J. Hill, the northwest railway mag
nate a"d the president of the Ameri
can Ilf.ud Builders' association, takes
a practical view of the road making
art. Lie asserts it needs trained men
and advocates the establishment of
road building chairs in all the im
portant colleges of the United States
and especially at West Point.
He has succeeded in impressing this
view upon some of the institutions of
learning of the state of Washington,
of which he is a resident, and 200
young men in that state are studying
the road building course this year.
Mr. Hill declares that in five years
in consequence of the interest taken
by the local colleges in this matter and
the progressive attitude of the legisla
ture, which devotes one-third of the
revenues of the state to road building.
Washington will have the best system
of roads in the United States.
Whether Washington, one of the
youngest states of the Union, will be
able in that time to outstrip all her
sister states in providing a modern
highway system may be open to ques
tion, but there is sound sense in the
recommendation that a system of edu
cation in practical road building shall
be established as a prerequisite to the
construction of a general system of
permanent highways in the United
Much of the money heretofore devot
ed to the construction of roadways
that are lanes in dry weather and a
succession of quagmires in wet has
previously been wasted, partly through
the ignorance of the roadmakers as to
what constituted a good road.
The first step toward putting an end
to this waste and entering upon sci
entific methods will be the training
of a lot of students in the art of mak
ROADWAYS OF LEAVES.
Give One the Impression of Carpet, as
They Are Noiseless.
Leaves without a doubt would be
considered by many a very poor ma
terial for making roadways in most
parts of the world, but in certain dis-
A LEAF HIUHWAY.
tricts in the United States, especially
Florida, and in some sections of Eu
rope such a material is used with
great success. In these sections are
miles and miles of road that would be
almost impassable by reason of the
deep sand were it not for leaves.
Serviceable for this purpose are the
leaves of the long leaf pine. These
leaves, which are much like straw in
appearance, should be raked over the
sandy roadbed once a year, say about
The result is a highway that gives
one the impression of a carpet, as nei
ther the horses' feet nor the wheels of
the vehicles make any noise.
Good Highways Aid Education.
Good roads aid education, and the
diffusion of knowledge is followed by
Increased demand for improved high
ways. Good roads ai;d good schools
go hand in band.
A Good Roads Movement.
We've had a good roads movement down
to Pohlek, on the crick.
We ra c ready cash fur what we
An', b< . ■ . :*lar job. we thought it
would be wise
To get some men of probity to come an'
A.n' as a further guarantee 'gainst chances
We took another set of men an' told 'em
An' these arrangements didn't seem jes'
what they ought to be
Till we'd secured som« talent competent
There arose misunderstandin's 'bout emol
uments and rank,
But the payroll checks kep' comin' very
regular to the bank.
Somehow the highways didn't seem to
lose their ruts an' lumps.
An' every time we went to town we had
to bump the bumps.
We found it hard to comprehend what
such delay could mean
In work so well inspected, supervised an'
The only manual labor on this job that
seemed so slow
Was done with great reluctance by a
small boy with a hoe.
The situation naturally shocked our civic
We called some meetin's, an' the proper
We got the overseers to tell exactly what
An' heard from the inspectors an' the su
Then we drew up resolutions an' deliv
ered an address
To vindicate our efforts to uplift an' to
We have solved the difficulty, an' our
hearts are full of joy
At seem' discipline maintained. We fired
that no 'count boy.
COLFAX GAZETTE, COLFAX, WASHINGTON, MAY 13, 1910.
FOB THE HOUSEWIFE
To Clean Wool Garments.
To remove grease from woolen cloth
sponge the stain well with equal part.-?
of ammonia and water, then with
clear water. The ammonia forms a
soap with the fat or grease, and this
is soluble in water and will rinse out.
If the stain is obstinate warm suds
of white soap and ammonia will d<;
good work in most cases.
When the garment is of a color
which will not stand water or ammo
nia the housewife may resort to dry
powders. For thin clothing of deli
cate tints pure white starch makes an
excellent cleaner. It is rubbed Into
the spot and allowed to remain until
It has absorbed the grease. Dry mag
nesia works in the same way, but
costs more. A paste made of magnesia
and water may be allowed to dry on
some colors and will brush away, tak
ing the grease with it.
White woolens of almost any kind
are best renovated by washing with
white soap suds and borax.
A mixture of four parts of alcohol
and one of common salt makes an ex
cellent cleaner for meu's and boys'
Turpentine is necessary when there
is grease in any quantity. The stain
is wet with the turpentine, then press
ed dry between clean blotters, which
absorb the compound.
In cleaning, experiment upon a sam
ple of the ,*oods before attacking a
garment of value.
Hints For the Sickroom.
Keeping the patient's feet warm will
Oil all locks and soap window cords
to make them work easily and thus
save any undue noise.
When the sickroom is being venti
lated a screen should be passed in
front of the window to prevent the
danger of a draft.
People in general are not aware how
essential it is to the health and hap
piness of the patient that there should
be a free admission of light in the
Flowers should be always kept fresh
in a sickroom and the water frequent
ly changed. Avoid all flowers with a
Improved Carpet Stretcher.
The secret of the sin-cess achieved
by the professional in laying carpet
consists chiefly of the use of imple
ments which have not heretofore been
altogether available for use by the
amateur. This is not so any longer,
for there has been devised a tack
holder and carpet stretcher, which
functions are combined in a single
liATS CARPET SMOOTHLY.
implement of such simple and inex
pensive construction that it will soon
take its place among the household
implements which are regarded as es
This apparatus provides a third
hand, which holds a tack in the right
place for driving while the carpet is
stretched on the floor. It also obvi
ates all danger of crushing the fingers
with the hammer in the effort to drive
Measure one cupfui of suet chopped
fine, ope cupful of molasses, one cup
ful of cold cofiVe. two cupfuls of rais
ins, seeded and chopped: one and one
half cupfuls of currants, washed and
dried; one teaspoonful of sal*, one
teaspoonfnl of si da and one teaspoon
ful each of your favorite spices. Mix
flour, raisins, currants and soda to
gether, then add other ingredients.
Four into a well buttered one gallon
bucket 'or divide into smaller palls,
cover tightly and s.-t in a kettle of
boiling water and l)"i! five hours. The
longer you boil it tin- better.
Scotch Oat Cakes.
One pound fine Scotch oatmeal, one
tablespoonful melted butter, enough
coJd water to make a smooth dough.
Put the butter with the oatmeal, add
salt and water. Knead till very smooth,
roll very thin, divide into cakes and
place on a hot griddle. When done
rub with dry oatmeal and toast before
the fire till they curl up.
Spaghetti and Tomatoes.
Boil one-half poand of spaghetti
till tender and drain: then add one-half
cupful of cream, one-third cupful of
butter, pepper and salt. Let simmer
for a short time, but don't let it cook
up. Turn into vegetable dish. Have
ready one pint of stewed tomatoes
and pour over the spaghetti and serve.
Apple Butter Custard Pie.
Beat together four eggs, one teacup
fiil of apple batter, one of sugar, one
teaspoonfu] of allspice; add one quart
of rich milk and a pinch of salt. Bake
In three pies with an under crust only.
CLOAK AND SUIT HOUSE
COLFAX .... WASHINGTON
Extraordinary Opportunity for you to Buy
your Tailor Suit Now
We just received 35 Ladies' Tailor Suits. These suits were made to retail
from $14.50 to $65.C0. Below is the quantity in each lot and the price:
5 Suits $45.00 to $65.00, our price $30.00
10 Suits $35.00 to $42.50, our price $20.00
10 Suits $25.00 to $32.50, our price $16.50
10 Suits $14.50 to $22.50, our price $10.00
Don't miss seeing these even ii you do not intend buying
No extra charge for alterations
M. Boyer Co.
CARE OF THE JEWEL CASE,
How to Clesn and Brighten Real and
Prepared chalk is the best all round
cleanser for jewelry of all descriptions.
A small box of the chalk is. as a mat
ter of fact, as Important in the dress
ing case as a clean chamois leather,
with which silver buttons and buckles
can be brightened. An excellent meth
od of combining the two is that of in
closing the block of chalk in a leather
bag drawn around the neck with a
tape, which can be used both to keep
it intact and to act as a polisher.
For gold chains there is nothing to
equal a paste made of chalk and methy
lated spirit, while a tiue brush must
be used after the paste has dried on
so as to clear it of powder and give a
brilliant polish. Benzine is sometimes
employed by jewelers in cleaning pre
cious stones. It should not. of course,
be allowed to touch pearls or even tur
quoises, moonstones or opals, all of
which require the greatest care in their
treatment and are the first to show
sigus of neglect.
In the case of diamonds, sapphires,
rubies and emeralds the benzine treat
ment may be tried, however, provided
great care is observed, as benzine
fumes are very Inflammable
The rinss. if let into claw settings
and other small items, should be col
lected and laid to soak in a little ben
zine, after which the jewels should be
washed in ordinary soap and water,
rinsed in cold water and tinally placed
on a cloth to drain. Experts further
dip the jewels in alcohol, so as to evap
orate the remaining water, damp of
any description being certain to dull
the surface of the newly cleaned stone.
To keep jewelry in sawdust is the
very best method of obviating the con
stant cleaning which would otherwise
be necessary, and it is an excellent
plan to keep a small bag made of
chamois leather in the dressing case,
filling this with sawdust and using it
to hold all brooches, earrings and rings
which are. not actually in daily use.
It is not. however, only real jewels
which put a tax on time and patience
when away from home. The many sec
ondary gems which are used for buc
kles, earrings and chains, as well as
the hatpins, which seem to get more
and more ornate every day, require
even greater attention. Old paste is
best cleaned with dry prepared chalk
The same treatment agrees also with
such stones as peridots or marquisate.
It is never advisable to allow imitation
stones to become wet, while a damp
paste, moreover, which in some cases
would do no harm to the gem Itself,
might loosen the setting.
Cure's baby's croup, Willies daily cuts
and bruises, mama's sore throat, grand
ma's lameness—Dr. Thomas' Electric Oil,
the great household remedy.
The Bensel Fuel Co.
to Johnson & Johnson)
WOOD S» COAL
Chas. F. Bensel, Prop., Phone Main 401
BFLIIjLIAIVT Race Record 2:18
I, F. E. WHITE, owner of the above trotting stallion, have located at Colfax racetrack
for the purpose ot training and breeding trotting and road horses. I have three of the best
trotting stallions ever brought to Washington, and respectfully ask all those wishing to breed
for road or fast trotting hors?B to call and see me and my horses. Prices very reasonable. Two
of these stallions are from Illinois, one by Margrave, that stood for service in New York at
$250 fen ( >ne if* half brother to the mare that holds world's race record. Am standing both
at $25 00.
L))/r~.7\ '^■w t^* !
The sure way of retaining your hue- ;
band's love is to give him GOOD FOOD ■
to eat —the road to a man'a heart in \
through his stomach. To supply the j
home with GOOD FOOD is our mission
in lift—co you will do well when you start |
housekeeping to patronize THIS grocery.
Oar stocks are always complete and
fresh—and they are as reasonably priced
as the quality is high.
Phone T"1 Wheelhouse & Erwin,
Main • *- Proprietors
For the very best in
Always Go to the
The Ricker Studio
All Kinds of
NOW IS THE TIME TO
June 2-IT-24 July r>-2'>
Aug. 3^ Sept. 8
Circular Tours to the
Sold Daily, June I to Sept. I
Via Kootenay Lakes, through Cana
dian Rockies, Glacier, Lake Louise,
the famous National Park, the Great
Lpper Lake route, through the
Thousand Islands, returning via any
direct line or through California.
Write for detailed information.
G.M.JACKSON, GEO. A. WALTON,
Trar. Pass. Agt. Gen. Agt.
14 Wall St., Spokane
ALEXANDER & CO. & vft
.xeep the Gazette on file and t*Wfo
anthorlied agentß for advertißernltt*