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HOW TO MAKE
AUTO TIRES LAST
Never Leave Gar Standing In
Garage Without Jacking It,
BEWARE OF RUSTY RIMS
Before Tires Are Adjusted a Little
Graphite Should Se Used—On or
Grease of No Use —To Clean Them
A facetious automobile driver said
that the best way to make tires last
Is not to use them, lie wasn't quite
right. When a car Is standing in a
garage for any great length of time
It should be Jacked from the floor so
that the weight of the vehicle may not
damage the rubber. To insure a long
er life for tires be careful in applying
the brakes. If the machine is caused
to Rkid the tire may be torn. Avoid
operating the car on a flat tire. He
move the casing. It will cost less to
repair damage to the rim. The latter
will not sutler if it can be bound with
a rope. It is well to have extra valves
iv the repair kit- Keep wheels true
and axles straight if you would nvol<t
tire damage. Beware of rusty rims
They should be coated with graphite
before tires are applied. (Jrease Bud
oil do tires no good. They should be
cleaned with gasoline, but care taken
to see that it dries immediately. Turn
corners slowly. When there nre many
passengers aboard there is a great
strain on the tires. If the tires rub the
curb they become worn. Keep out of
street car tracks. Steel rails cut the
Always apply the gauge to know
that there Is sufficient air. In applying
the clutch do it in such a manner that
the car won't start with a jerk. Jerk
ing parts rubber from the fabric, and
the thread of the tire is apt to be torn
Remember to use talcum in the casing
for changes or a new tube. Water, if
allowed to creep between the tirp and
the rim. rots the fabric and rusts the
rim. Shun fresh laid cross stone roads.
If these thoroughfares must be trav
ersed, go at a slow speed. Avoid pinch
Ing the Inner tube by taking such ob
structions as railroad tracks, bridges
and street crossovers at an angle
Vulcanize small holes and cuts boforo
they become larger. Always carry an
extra casing, two extra tubes, a repair
outfit and a pump. Many drivers keep
the extra tube under the seat with otn
er paraphernalia. Pack It away care
fully. High spied Is always injurious
A pneumatic tire becomes not warm,
but hot, when driven rapidly for any
length of time, caused from friction
or contact with the surface of the road.
and this heat is sufficiently great in
many instances to create a vulcaniza
tion between the inner tube and inside
ply of the casing unless the tube or
easing has been thoroughly soapstoned
A wise precaution would \w to soap
stone liberally the bead of your casing
before putting it on the rim, as this
will in a measure prevent the rust of
the rim coming in contact with the
bead and preventing its ready detach
ment when desired. Particularly is
♦ bis precaution essential when apply
ing an old or repaired cas'ng.
When Repacking Water Pump G'and.
In repacking fbe gland of a water
circulating pump use plenty of graph
lie wiih the packing The spindle is
seldom sufficiently lubricated, and the
graphite will go a long wy toward
remedying this. Glycerin in the cir
catering water, besides keeping out the
frost, seems to considerably assist in
lubricating the pump spindle.
Two Wheeled Motorcar.
Elere it is—the cross between au au
tomobile and a motorcycle.
Now we have the two wheeled auto
on the market.
The new machine differs from a reg
xilar motorcar in its less number of
wheels. If remains stationary when
at a standstill, is started with a
MACHINK is PROSs BETWEEN ATTOMOBILE
■ : OTOKCYCI.E.
crank and is controlled by fool levers.
There is provisiou for a wind shield, as
on an aut . and a small deck
over the rear wheel for carrying par
cels. The Beat is comfortably uphol
stered, and toe footboard is roomy.
One feature is the freedom from an
Removing s Nut.
A nut thai resists every attempt at
getting It loose usually becomes more
docile after it has beeu heated for sev
eral minutes. This can be done with a
torch or by holding a hot piece of iron
against It for awhile. This will cause
the nut to expand slightly and make It
easier to come off.
How to Set, Joint and File Ripsaws
Hand saws are of two kinds —rip and !
crosscut The lir^t Is for sawing along
the grain, the direction iv which wood
splits easiest; the other for sawing
across the grain.
Both of these saws are Sharpened
with exactly the same tools, the differ
ences in the teeth being due to the
difference in angle at which the file
is held in tbe process.
Sharpening a saw is considered a
difficult thing to learn, so difficult that
it is not necessary to go into a lengthy
description for beginners. It may tie
worth while, however, to state the
steps that are taken in putting a saw
in order. The beginner ought to know
how the tools are sharpened even if
he must attain more experience before
attempting to sharpen them. First,
the teeth are jointed. This is done by
running a flat file along the length of
the saw so as to cut down any teeth
that project farther than others (Fig.
1). Second, the teeth are filed, a three
cornered file being used and the kind
of saw determining the angle or an
gles at which it is held with reference
to the side of the saw. The ripsaw is
filed straight across (Fig. 2). The
OPKIiATIONS IN HAW SHAKPENINj.
crosscut is filed as in Fig. 3. After
the 61ing the teeth are side jointed.
This is done by running an oil stone
over the sides of the saw and teeth as
in Fig. 4. This will make the sides of
the teeth cut a smooth kerf.
If the saw before tiling had a tend
ency to slick in the wood it should
have its teeth set before the top joint
ing. Fig. 5 shows a modern saw set.
These sets are adjustable, so that the
teeth may be bent much or little, as
the condition of the wood necessitates.
No more set than is necessary is a
good rule. Moving the bandies togeth
er shoves the plunger forward. This
bends the tooth outward from the side
of the saw. Every other tooth is set,
the saw is then reversed, and the re
maining teeth are set from the second
Test For Oil.
A good test tor oil, states the Amer
ican Machinist, is to place single drops
iv line upxju a piece of plate glass
about eight inches wide and twenty
four inches to thirty inches long, one
end being raised about six inches to
eight inches to form au inclined plane.
The drops of oil start from the top of
this inclined plane upon a race with
each other. The first day sperm oil
will be found in the rear, but after
awhile it will catch up and overtake
the rest. An oil having a light body
runs quickly and dries quickly, but an
oil that has both a body and a free
flow will readily be detected by this
test. An oil may have a good body
and yet may have a tendency to gum
badly, which quality will also be easily
detected upon the glass. The oils
should be covered from dust while
these tests are being made.
Fatigue of Metals.
It should be borne In mind that hard
ened tools undergo changes of temper
in the course of time, says the Railway
and Locomotive Engineering. This is
altogether apart from the disintegra
tion of metals which is constantly go-
Ing on. Old swords, formerly of the Ice
brook's temper, may now be readily
bent and in a few 'Hundred years more
will fall to pieces of their own ac
cord. The silver coins of the middle
ages are now scarcely able to hold
their own weight. The brass pillars
at the door nf Solomon's temple are
crumbled Into dust. In the matter of
hardened steel tools i: may be added
thai i!i" I r the t perature the
r to i > the hard
from a pie .• ■ f bar 1 steel.
Foui-.'.sir. Marking Brush.
Evei . I of the fountain
i en and on which
ft works, I til it has remained for a
Michigan man to invent a fountain
brush. The brush works on the same
principle as the pen. A hollow handle
acts as ,-i reservoir for the marking
Said—paint, Ink or whatever it may be.
At the lower etui of iliis handle is a
cylindrical opening into which the
brush In Inserted, the npper end of the
brush dosing the inside end of this
chamber arid the liquid Bowing down
through a spring operated valve and
Qlling the lower part of the chamber,
which tapers to an opening just larse
onoujrh for the tip of the brush to pass
through. A coiled tube admits air to
COLFAX GAZETTE, COLFAX, WASHINGTON, JULY 8, 1910.
WASTE OF BAD ROADS.
About $250,000,000 Said to Be Annual
Toll of Poor Highways.
Two hundred and fifty million dol
lars are wasted annually on bud roads
iv this country, which is noted for its
business sagacity and thrift and which
has been pronounced a great success as
a business community.
Add that waste to losses occasioned
by bad roads and the sum leaps to a
billion a year. It is estimated that, in
short, each man, womau and child in
the United States bears a tax of $12.50
because of bad roads.
If this doesn't show that good roads
are a national question that bulks as
big as the tariff, the navy, foreign rela
tions, commerce—anything; if it doesn't
prove that the federal government
ought to turn to the roads question
with as much energy as it expends on
anything else, then there is nothing
more to be said.
The amount of good work that can
be accomplished by a split log drag is
astonishing and must be seen before
If a community can't have a "good"
road it should have the best road pos
sible. Anything is better than a "bad"
The beneficent effects of good roads
flow to the city and the hamlet as wel.'
as to the farmer. They walk hand in
hand in community of interest, and
surely it is a picture beautiful to look
upon and sound at the core.
Good roads are indispensable to our
gmwth and progress, and we must not
falter or wait to provide for them.
Tennessee Boosters Working.
Inspired by the campaign waged by
the boosters of good roads in its city.
the Chattanooga Times says: '"Get to
gether everybody for a great monu
mental highway and boulevard be
tween Harriman and Chattanooga, tak
ing in Rock wood, Evansville. Dayton.
£oddy—in fact, all the promising towns
between the two cities. A wide built
thoroughfare of that kind would be
the greatest prosperity builder we
Maintaining Gravel Roads.
In order to maintain a gravel road in
good condition it is well to keep piles
of gravel alongside at frequent inter
vals, so that the persons who repair
the road can get the material without
going too far for it. As soon as ruts
or holes appear on the surface some of
this good, fresh material should be
added and stamped into position or
kept raked smooth until properly con
Abutting Property to Help Roads.
An ordinance for resurfacing of
streets and alleys of Covington. Ky..
one-half the cost to be borne by abut
ting property owners and the other
hnlf at the cost of the city at large.
has been passed by the council. Here
tofore the city lias borne tue oatire
cost of resurfacing work.
A WORD TO THE WISE.
When considering where to insureyour
That the Northwestern Mutual Fire As
sociation of Seattle has reduced the cost
of insurance to the farmer almost one
That every lose sustained has b^en
paid in cash without discount within 24
hours after adjustment.
That it has eliminated the exorbitant
short rate charge.
That you pay nothing until the grain
is ripe enough to burn, no matter how
early you insure.
That all policies cover until December
31st, unless grain is sold and insurance
That upon sale of grain you surrender
policy and receive equitable rebate.
That all policies htp non-assessable.
Fighting the White Slave Trade.
"For (iod's sake do something," saye
General Booth, to help save and protect
young girls and stamp out the gigantic
traffic in young girlß, or the white slave
trade, one of the most evil monsters of
the day. G. 0. Johnson has been ap
pointed local and general agent for the
hook entitled, "Fighting the Traffic in
youngvoung Girls, or War On the White Slave
Trade." This book should have the
widfest circulation and be in every home
The book has been approved or recom
mended by the following leading minis
ters and men of Colfax: Key. C. S.
Sharp, pastor First United Brethren
church; O A Chapman, pastor Church
of God; It J. Skaife, M. D; Charles L
Chamberlin, Prosecuting Attorney of
Whitman county; John P. Barker, pas
tor M. E church; J. Herbert Bainton,
pastor Congregational church; F. N.
English; J. S. Budlong, pastor of the
Church of the Good Samaritan; W. T.
McGann, former pastor First Baptist
A Millionaire's Baby
attended by the highest priced baby
specialist could not be cured of stomach
or bowel trouble and quicker or surer
than your baby if you give it McGee's
Bwby Elixir. Cures diarrboen, dy^en
tery and all derangements of the stom
ach or bowels. Price 25 cents and 50
cents. Sold by V. T. McCro^key.
The famous Hazelwood dairy butter
milk, served at Poteet's, is healthful,
palatable and nourishing.
Notice is hereby piven. that Perry Pre'ty
man, on the 23rd day < f May, 1910, tot>k up
and now keeps at his farm, 4 miles from
Oakesdale, Washington, the following estray
One roan horse, 3 years old, weight about
900 pounds, 15J hands high, clipped foretop,
Said estray will be sold to the highest bid
der for cish at the place kept, as above speci
fied on Saturday, the 9th day of July,
1910, at the hour of 2 o'clock in the afternoon
of said day, unless the owner thereof, or his
leeal representative, shall appear prior to that
time, and make out his title and pay all
charges against said estray.
Date of first publication of thia notice
June 24, 1910.
WM. M. DUNCAN,
Auditor of Whitman county.
By Mary J, Oliver Deputy.
Signals of Distress
Colfax People Should
Know How to Kead
aDd Heed Them.
Sick kidneys give many signals of distress.
The secretions are dark, contain a sediment.
Passages are frequent, scanty, painful.
Backache is constant day and night.
Headaches and dizzy spells are frequent
The weakened kidneys need quick relief.
Don't delay! Use a special kidney remedy.
Doan's Kidney Pills cure sick kidneys,
backache and urinary disorders.
Colfax evidence proves this statement.
Mrs. C. E. Jackson, 110 Ceiar street, Col
fax, Wa*h., BayB: "I had weak kidneys and
inflammation of the bladder. There was a pain
over my right kidney, my akin was dry and
hot and as the result of the loss of rest at
night, I became nervous and rundown L-st
spring I used three boxes of Doan's Kidney
Pills and pince then I have etjoyed much
better healtn. lam very grateful for the
benefit this remedy brought me." ,
For sale by all dealers. Price 50 cents.
Foster-Milburn Co., Buffalo, New York, sole
agents for the United States.
Remember the name—Doan'a—and take no
are at their best, and we
have the best. Our store
is also headquarters for
In both of which lines we
carry the best that money
can buy. Call and see.
R. P. Hill & GO.
"The Old Reliable Store"
Phone Main 131
no Main St. COLFAX
for Summer Tourists
Spokane & Inland Empire
and G. N Rv. or N P. Ry. from
Special round trip tickets on sale July 22,
August 3, September 8 and 22. Good for re
turn within three months.
From all points on Spokane & Inland
To St. Paul." $ 60 00
To ChiCHgo 72 50
To St. Ivouis 67 50
To New York 108 50
and other eastern points proportionately low
For full information
ASK INLA NI) AGENT
TO THE FARMER
When insuring jour ernin. d n'f
forget that the Northwestern Mu
tual Fire Association is as cheap as
the cheapest and as good as the best,
and is still in the field for business.
€. 15. MORLEY
Office in Commercial Club building
Colfax Meat Market
A. GERBER, Proprietor
FRESH AND CUBED MEATS
POULTRY AND FISH
Oysters in Season
Hides and Pelts Bought
119 Mam Street Phone Main 101
Factory Prices on Sash
Fancy Fiano Sash . $1.75
i —ITiJhIi — for this
) I » "H sash
We can save you money on all kinds
of Builders' Supplies. Sendusalistof
your wants and we will quote prices
prepaid to your station.
SEND FOB FREE CATALOGUE
2006 WestlaKe Are. Seattle
G. W. Lame & Co.
The oldest established real estate firm in Whitman
county, doing a general real estate and insurance busi
Insure your growing grain with us. We represent
only companies of the highest standard that we abso
We "writ© threshers at the lowest rate
Offices in Fraternity Block, Colfax, Wash., and in the
Exchange National Bank Building, Spokane, Wash.
; -^P:' v Before You Buy
When in Spokane to buy your automobile, it will pay
you to call at the C. H. Hornburg Auto Cos. place of busi
ness, 806 3rd Aye., and look at the Maxwell line. Prices are
$600 for 12 h. p., $900 for 22 h. p., $iooo for 22 h. p., and
$1500 for 30 h. p., f. o. b. factory. Nothing like it for the
money. The car that runs 10,000 miles over country roads
without stopping its engine; winner of first and second place
in Class D, Glidden Tour, over cars selling at double the
price of the Maxwell. If you cannot come to Spokane, write
for descriptive catalog and other information which will glad
ly be given you.
0. H. HORNBTJRG AUTO 00.
Eastern Washington, Idaho and Montana
806 THIRD AYE. SPOKANF, WASH.
crescent $1-40 per Sack crescent
1 Red CreSCeilt —Family Flour !
Second only to our ROYAL ROSE «
Nothing Cheap About It Except the ,Price.
Is Fully Guaranteed. Ask Your Dealer.
red I Colfax Milling Co. i RED
CRESCENT c* E' VVood» Sec- aud M &r. Hione Main 451 CRESCENT
Mwiwiwiac 1 taaaszmammn
Are you going to build or make any repairs about the place
this spring? No matter whether you want a few odds and
ends to fix up with or a complete house or barn it will pay
you to see us before buying elsewhere.
Standard Lumber Co.
D. H. FIDDES, Agent Colfta, Wash.
Hay, Grain, Feed of all Kinds
Inland Milling & Feed Company
214 Mill Street r v x^ \.
I Oil Blank Books, Legal Blanks, Booklets Fold-
Will Be B'rlSSs^«