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ffPER TYPE OF
ROAD TO BUILD
One That Will Make Best Use
of Material at Hand.
PLAN OF BUILDING MACADAM.
If Satisfactory Ideas of Dust Preven
tion Are Developed Roads of This
Material Will Continue to Be Ex
tensively Used—Don't Let the Ex
pense Exceed Funds Available.
During the rr^pMng of the Ohio En
gineering society at Columbus the fol
lowing paper was read by James C.
state highway commissioner,
on "The Proper Type of Roads: I.1'.
Boad building is largely a local
problem, and the proper type of road
to build is that which will make the
best use of the material at hand to
prod urp ;i satisfactory road surface
4iikl ;n an expense uot exceeding the
In the earliest extensive road im
provements in Ohio the problem was
folNvJ by using gravel for the wearing
this early work was prae
ti^^P confined to the region where an
iil'iinri.'rnce of gravel could be found
This region was principally in the cen
tral and southern part of the west half
of the state and embraced about one
third of its area. 1 have known of
some instances where gravel was
shipped by rail for road work, but it
was too expensive, considering the
type of construct ion, and the practice
was never extensive. A large amount
of this work was built, probably fif
teen or twenty thousand miles.
At the time of their construction
these roads were undoubtedly the
proper type, as the cost of the work
<.ame within the means of the farmers
who paid for them. These roads in
the best form of their construction,
when new and in good repair, pro
vided an admirable surface for public
travel, and at present there are many
of them which can hardly be excelled
i>y the more modern construction.
The majority of these roads present
In their present condition one of the
most Important problems of today's
road work. On account of lack of suf
ficient repairs a large part of the mile
age is practically worn out. Owing to
the exhaustion of the gravel supply in
n considerable part of this territory
the resurfacing of many of these roads
lias been dune with crushed stone, and
Where properly done, using the old
FINE STHETCH OF MACADAM.
CFrom Good Roads Magazine. New York.]
gravel road for the bottom course,
very excellent results have been ob
In the present condition of the de
velopment of road building the best
known type of construction in the
gravel road country would be the plac
ing of a crushed stone top luyer on the
road, leaving the old gravel to provide
the bottom course. The old road
should be graded to conform to the de
sired cross section for the new road.
Mudholes should be cleaned out and
filled with gravel. The surface should
be rolled and watered to produce a
solid foundation. The macadam top
cout-se can be water bound or have a
k>tmninous binder if the necessary
•^ls" for such construction are avall
*" Throughout the central and north
western parts of the state, occupying
between one-third and one-half of its
area, limestone furnishes the most
easily obtained road building material,
and in this region the best type of
road is the two course water bound
macadam. If satisfactory methods of
dust prevention are developed this con
fer ruction will continue to be extensive
ly used. The method of constructing
this type of road was described by the
writer at the meeting of this society
last year, and I presume no further
description is needed at this time.
The cross section, like the road cor
fiintr, becomes, only in a more limited
Sense, a local problem. In level re
gions with slight grades it is impera
tive to raise the grade above the sur
rounding country, and to do this it is
to take the till from the side
ditches, requiring them to be made
wide and deep. The bottom of the
ditch should be placed from eight to
ton feet from the edge of the berms.
The ditch should be cut with straight
elope from its bottom to the edge of
the berms. This will permit a mowing
rca<-nine to be run down the slope to
the bottom of the ditch, an arrange
l&eut that materially reduces the cost
'^keeping the road clear of weeds and
A Simpl, Process That May Be Carr . ed
on at Home.
■The manufacture of perfumery has
many, and without doubt the blending
of certain kinds of perfumes is a mat
ier of much scieutinc and skillful
manipulation. But, on the other hand,
the most commonly used perfumes can
be made at home with simple appa
ratus and without much expense or
trouble. In many parts of the coun
try flowers are so abundant that one
can harvest all that are needed for
manufacturing at home perfumes
enough for a year's use.
In many parts of the country roses
thrive so luxuriantly that fields can be
sown with them and an abundant crop
raised. In other sections the rose is
too slow growing for this purpose, but
the violet takes its place. Again, it
must be the jasmine, the tuberose, the
orange blossom or lavender. What-
I ■ i
HOMEMADE PERFUME STILL.
ever flower it is that thrives and pos
sesses delicate but powerful fragrance
should be chosen for the work.
Direct distillation is the most satis
factory way of making perfumery.
The still is a simple affair, and it can
be made out of articles found in the
average home. Take an ordinary tin
oil can, scour it and purify it of all oil
odors. Stop the spout completely and
fit a cork in the top. through which the
oil is poured. From a hardware store
get four feet of copper tubing (tin or
galvanized iron pipe may also be used).
The tube should be bent downward at
The tin can should be filled with a
pound of flower petals gathered fresh
in the early morning. Pour over these
petals eight fluid ounces of alcohol.
Then put the can in a saucepan half
filled with water and place on a stove
where the water can be kept at the
boiling point. A hole should be cut
through the cork of the can just large
enough to receive the metal tube.
Place a quart jar on a table near by
and insert in it the other end of the
tubing. This jar should not be sealed,
or distillation will not go on properly.
When the water boils the alcohol in
the can is heated, and this process ex
tracts the perfume from the flower
petals and gradually causes distillation
through the tube into the cold jar on
the table. The alcohol thus distilled
will carry with it the true attar of the
flowers. Alcohol has a peculiar prop
erty of extracting and holding the
scent of (lowers. As fast as distilla
tion goes on the contents of the jar
should be emptied into glass bottles
and securely corked and sealed with
paraQin. In blendiug perfumes of sev
eral flowers do the mixing after each
one has been distilled separately. Do
not mix the flowers in oue still.
Concrete Telegraph Poles.
The Pennsylvania railroad system.
in order to provide against timber
scarcity, has on me lines west uf
Pittsburg placed in experimental serv
ice a number of concrete telegraph
poles through New Brighton, I'a. The
construction of the poles has followed
a series of elaborate experiments
which have been conducted during the
past two years.
According to the experiments made
so far. it is thought that a concrete
telegraph pole will last for many gen
erations, thereby doing away with tho
frequent renewals necessary with
wooden poles. Much importance is
also attached to the increased strength
of the new poles, which hold the strain
of the line, even on curves, without
braces.—Railway and Locomotive En
Magnetism and Petroleum.
Dr. (1. F. Becker, discussing the pos
sibilirv that petroleum may be derived
from carbides of iron or other metals,
points out that Bauer's map of mag
netic declination in the United States
"proves that petroleum is intimately
associated with magnetic disturbances
similar to those arising from the neigh
borhood of mineral possessing sensible
magnetic attraction." and he adds that
henceforth no geological theory of pe
troleum will be acceptable which does
not explain this association. A writer
in Nature remarks that if these con
clusions are confirmed a new and im
portant sphere of usefulness for mag
netic surveys will be opened.
A kind of electric riveting has recent
ly developed and is claimed to give re
sults usually much stronger than join
ing with iron or.copper rivets. The
process is known as spot welding- The
metal plates to "be joined are placed in
position, and on pressing the electrodes
against any desired point the plates j
are almost instantly fused and perma- i
nently united at that point. The elec
trodes are moved from place to place.
supplying perfect union instead of riv
eting. The process is rapid and seems
to be satisfactory where water tight ;
joints are unnecessary.
Friction of Solid Bodies.
When one solid body glides over the
surface of another the coefficient of
friction diminishes as the velocity in
creases and nearly vanishes when the
Telocity attains a certain critical value
This diminution of friction is due to
the air. which partially separates the
two bodies at low relative velocities
and separates them completely at the
critical and all higher velocities.-
COLFAX GAZETTE, COLFAX, WASHINGTON, JULY 29, 1910.
We offer $4,000 reward to hirelings of
the insurance combine to prove their
statements made to intimidate persons
and prevent their taking advantage of
the service property owners are receiving
through the Northwestern Mutual Fire
The four statements ordinarily made
First—That all policies in the company
carry an assessment liability.
Second—That the company not bavins:
subscribed capital does not furnish its
policy holders good indemnity.
Third—That mutual companies as
good as the Northwestern are contin
Fourth—That there are many times as
many failures of mutual companies as
of stock companies.
It is to prove these statements that
we offer the reward.
Firßt—We offer $ 1,000 to any one who
wlil prove that oar policies are not ab
solutely non assessable.
Second—We offer f 1,000 to any one
who will prove that this company has
not more actual cash resources in pro
portion to the amount needed to carry
all its policies to expiration than the ten
largest stock companies in the United
States, including all their subscribed
capital and surplus, as based on the
past nine yearn' experience.
Third—We offer $1,000 to any one who
will show the failure of a single mutual
fire insurance company in all American
history after it had reached the age,
size, strength and record of this com
Fourth—We offer $1,000 to any one
who will prove that there have not been
50 per cent more failures of stock com
panics during the past forty years in
proportion to the number doing busi
mess than there have been failures of
These people should either claim the
reward or stop misrepresenting.
Northwestern Mutual Fire Association.
By F. J. Martin, Secy and Mgr.
A Frightful Wreck
of train, automobile or buggy may cause
cuts, bruises, abrasions, sprains or
wounds that demand Bucklen's Arnica
Salve—earth's greatest healer. Quick
relief and prompt cure results. For
burns, boils, sores of all kinds, eczema,
chapped bands and lips, sore eyes or
corns, it's supreme. Surest pile cure.
25c at all druggists.
Many ills come from impure blood.
Can't have pure blond with faulty di
gestion, Ihzv liver and sluggish bowels.
Burdock Blood Bitters strengthens
stomach, bowels and liver, and purifies
South End Grocery
Phone Main 41
South End Grocery
A. K. Brasheak, Prop.
arc at their best, and we
have the best. Our store
is also headquarters for
In both of which lines we
carry the best that money
can buy. Call and see.
R. P. Hill & Go.
"The Old Reliable Store"
Phone Main 131
no Main St. COLFAX
CHICAGO. ST. PAUL,
ST. LOUIS, KANSAS CITY, Etc.
August 3, Sept. 8.
On through electric lighted trains.
Try the "New Oregonian," be
tween Portland and St. Paul, via
the S. P. S. and G. N".
Ask any local railway agent for
particulars and berth reservations
J. J. SCHERR, T. P. 4.
701 Riverside, Spokane, Wash.
Summons for Publication.
In the superior court of the state of Washing
ton, in and for the county of Whitman.
Carl Brand and Addle "Brand his wife; and
JohnH. Cunningham and Beasie Cunningham
his wife,plaintiffs, vs Palouoe Land Compiny,
a corpora'-lon; The Spokane and Palouse Laud
(Company, a corporatioti; T. H. Osborn; L. C.
Peunlngton: JohnCummings; Mathew Edmls
tou; James A. Johnson; Harriett E. Mohr; J. A.
Kbbert; G. R. Funk and Mary J. Kunk his wife;
Charles A Edwards and Minnie M. Edwards
his wife; D.J.Burk aud Z. Lane, copartners
doing business aa Uurk & Lane Lumber Com
pany; the unknown heirs of A M. Cannon, de
ceased; the unknown heirs of Jennie F. Can
nou, deceased; and also all other persons or
parties unknown, claiming any right, title, lien
or interest in the real estate described in the
complaint herein, defendants.
State of Washington, County of V» hitman, ss.
The state of Washington, to the said T. H. Os
born; L. C. Pennington; John Cummlngs-
Mathew Ediniston; James A. Johnson; Har
riett E. Mohr; J. A. Ebbert; G. R. Funk and
Mary J. Funk his wife; Charles A. Edwards and
Minnie M. Edwards his wife; D J. Burk and Z.
Lane, co-partners doing business as Burk i
Lane Lumber Company; the unknown heirs of
A. M. Cannon, deceased; the unknown heirs of
JennieF. Cannon.deceased; andalso all other per
sons or parties unknown, claiming any right
title, lien or interest in the real estate described
in the complaint herein, defendants:
You and each of you are hereby summoned
and required to appear in the superior court of
the st*te of Washington, in and for the county
Whitman, within sixty days after the date of
the first publication of this summons, to-wir
Within sixty days after June 17th, 1910, and de
fend the above entitled action in the above en
titled court and answer the complaint of the
plaintitts in said action, and serve a copy of
your said answer on HaiinaA Hannathe under
signed attorneys for plaintiffs, at their office in
colfax, in Whitman county, state of Washing
ton, and if you fall to appear and defend said
action and answer the complaint of the ptain
tiffs aforesaid, within the time aforesaid, judg
ment will b« rendered against you, according
to the demand of said complaint which has
been filed with the clerk of said court.
The object of the above entitled action is to
obtain judgment against the above named de
fendants and each of them in favor of the plain
tiffs herein, wholly excluding the said defend
ants and each and all of them nnd all persons
claiming by, through or under them or either
of them, from any right, title, lien or interest,
estate of inheritance or freehold in the follow
ing described property aud every part aud por
tion thereot, situated in Whitman county, state
of Washington, to-wit:
Lots 3, 4 5. 6. 7, 8 and 9in block 2; lots 1, 2, 3
4, 5 and 6in block 105; lots 1, 2, 3, 4. 5, 6, 7. 8, 9
10. 11 and 1-2 in blor-k 106; lots 3, 4. 5 and 6 in
block 115; nil of block 116; lots 3. 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9.
10,11 and 12 in block 125; all of block 136; and
lots 1, 10, 11 and 12 in block 127; all in the town
of Belmont, according to the recorded plat
thereof, and to have the plaintiffs decreed the
owners in fee of the separate portions of said
property owned by them as set out In plaintitts'
complaint, in and to which or some portion
thereof the said defendants have of record a
claim and interest, estate or lien, adverse to
the plaintiffs; and that the said defendants and
each and all of them and all persons claiming
by, through or under them or either of them,
claiming any right, title, lien or interest in the
real estate described herein, and each of them,
be forever barred from claiming any right
whatever in said lands and premises or any
part or portion thereof; and that plaintiffs re
cover their costs and disbursements herein.
Dated June 16,1910.
HANNA & HANNA,
Attorneys for Plaintiffs.
Postofliee address: Colfax, Whitman county,
Order to Show Cause.
In the superior court- of Whitman county,
state of Washington.
In the matter of the estate of Susan C. Hughes,
Order fixing time for settlement of final ac
count and to show cause why decree of distribu
tion should not be made.
On reading and filing the petition of George E.
Hughes, administrator of the estate of Susan C.
Hughes, deceased, getting forth that he has tiled
his final account of his administration of the
estate of said deceased in this court, and that
the same is now in a condition to be closed, and
the residue thereof distributed to the heirs and
legatees entitled thereto; that all the debts and
expenses of administration have been duly
paid, and that a portion of said estate remains
to be divided among the persons entitled there
to, and praying among other things for an order
of distribution of the residue of said estate
among the persons entitled.
It is ordered that all persons interested in the
estate of Siißan C. Hughes, deceased, be and
appear before the superior court of Whitman
county, state of Washington, at the court room
Of said court, at Coltax. in said couuty and state
aforesaid, on the 15ih day of August, 1910,
at 11 o'clock a. m., then and there to contest
sai'i final account and show cause "-hy an or
d jt of distribution shouldnot be made of the res
idue of said estate among the heirs and legatees
of said deceased, according to law.
It is further ordered tuat a copy of this order
he published for four successive weeks before
the said 15th day of August. I'JIO. in the Colfax
Gazette, a newspaper printed aud published in
W hitman county, state of Washington.
Dated July 2 1910.
H. W. CANFIELD. Superior Judge.
State of Washington, county oi Whitman—s~.
I, Geo. H. Newman, county clerk and clerk of
the superior court of Whitman county, state of
Washington, do hereby certify that the fore
eoing is a full, true aud correct copy of an order
made and entered of record upon the minutes
of the said superior court.
Witness my hand and official seal affixed, this
2nd day of July. 1910.
[seam OEO. H NKWMAN, Couuty Clerk.
In the superior court of the state of Washing
ton, in and for the county of Whitman.
M. E izabeth Clark, plaintiff, vs. George Clark,
State of Washington, county of Whitman, ss.
The state of Washington to the said George
Clark, defendant: You are hereby summoned
to appear within sixty (60) days after the date
of the first publication of this summons, to-wit:
within sixty days after the 22nd day of July,
1910, and defend the above entitled action in
the above entitled court, and answer the com
plaint of the plaintiff, and serve a copy of your
answer upon the undersigued attorneys for the
plaintiff, at their offices in Pullman, Whitman
county, Washington; and in case of your fail
ure so to do, judgment will be rendered against
you according to the demand of the complaint
in said action, which has been filed with the
clerk of said court. The object of this action
is to secure a divorce dissolving the bonds of
matrimony now existing between plaintiff and
NEILL & DOW, Plaintiff's Attorneys.
Postoffice address, Pullman, Whitman county,
Notice of Settlement of Final
In the superior court of Whitman county,
state of Washington.
"Iln the matter of the estate of Susan C. Hughes
Notice is hereby given that George E. Hughes,
administrator of the estate of Susan C. Hughes,
deceased, has rendered and presented for settle
ment and filed in Baid court his final account of
his administration of said estate, and that Mon
day, the lMh day of August, 1910. at the hour of
11 o'clock a. m., of said day, at the court room
of said court, in the city of rolfax. Whitman
county, state of Washington, has been duly ap
pointed by the said court for the settlement of
said account, at which time and place any per
son interested in said estate may appear and
file his exceptions in writing to said account
and contest the same.
Dated July 2,1910.
GEO. H. NEWMAN, Clerk.
R, J. Neergaard, Esq., attorney for estate.
Notice to Delinquent Stockholders !
Office Whitman Mining & Milling Co., Ltd., j
Jun* 7, 1910.
Notice is h reby that there is delm- ]
quent upon the fallowing described stock on j
account of assessment (No 1) levied on the 11th j,
day of April, 1910, the several amount* set j
opposite the names of the respective sh^re- J
holders as follows, to-wit:
No. of No. of
Name Cert. Shares Amt
J. L. Batterton 10 81818 §122 75
Garrett Anderson 21 8181b 122 75
And in accordance with the law so many ;
shares of each parcel of such stock as may be
necessary will be sold at the office of F, S.
RatliS & Co., CoHax, Washington, on the
11th day of July. 1910, at ten o'clock a. ru., to
pay the delinquent assessment thereon, to
gether with the cost of advertising and ex- j
penses of sale.
A. J. EASUM, Secretary.
Notice of Postponement.
The above and foregoing sale is postponed
until August 11, lylO, at the hour of 10 o'clock
a. m. of said day, to be held ai the place des
cribed in said foregoing notice. By order of
the board of directors.
A. J. EASUM, Secretary.
ONE INDESTRUCTO TRUNK TRAVELLED
60,000 MILES-IN SAFETY.
Since that famous "round the world" trip of the "Globe Trotter**,
hundreds of Jndestructo Trunks have traveled astonishing distance* —■
all in safety.
Indestructo Trunks have proved that they can travel further without
repair than any other trunk made.
The Indestructo is built strong — so strong that the hardest jolts have
little effect on its rigid construction.
The makers furnish with each Jndeatructo Trunk a FREE FIVE
YEAR INSURANCE POLICY against fire- accident- wrmwk and
Isn't that sufficient proof to you that Indestructo Trunks have a
marked advantage over other baggage ?
The Indestructo has exclusive merits that make it the Convenient
Trunk. The trays are arranged for your comfort —light—clean- and
sanitary—no corners to collect the dirt.
Buy an Indestructo Trunk —it will give you real service. Come down
to our store. Let us show you the trunk-—we know you will appreciate
its many advantages if you see it.
•-~iffi >1i The REGISTRY LABEL BELOW
jCJ^3~i^^^\^^^-^m^k kept the "Globe Trotter" going in the
■BpLfJi?Ts|"i<g|'Cg^S»^Sw right direction for 60,000 miles.
' ■MfISfIRMSjpSI'WIE^SK^K^ It will protect YOUR baggage against
You CANT lose an Indestructo. >v I !»Pt3TRUU|| I
We will gladly show you the
complete line any time.
Whitehouse Clothing' Co.
Statement of Condition of
Colfax National Bank
In response to call of Comptroller March 29,10
TThis bank has the largest capital and surplus of any bank in the Pa
louse country. *ilt is conservatively managed by a board of directors
composed of men of ripe experience in the banking business, who meet
every week to discuss its affairs, *llts officers give careful and paius-
taking attention to all business entrusted to them. HYour attention
is respectfully called to the advantages of an account with this Bafe,
strong, up-to-date bank, and your business is solicited.
Loans and discounts and overdrafts $1,078,297 07
United States bonds 200,000 00
County and school warrants 14,8*59 86
Furniture and fixtures - .... 4,700 00
Real estate None
Due from banks $128,355 01
Due from United States treasurer. 10,000 00
Cash in vault* 88,4 20 42 226.775 43
Capital stock $ 200,000 00
Surplus and profits 4.3.909 51
National bank notes 197,800 00
Deposits 1,082.932 85
Alfred Coolidge - President, Chas. E. Bcriber Caßhler
A. F. McClaine .... Vice President D. C. Woodward - - - Assistant Cashier
Alfred Coolidge, A. F. McClaine, Senator Lev! Ankeny, Julius Lippitt. Edward Johnson,
R. L. McCroskey, Chas. Johnson, V. L. Ettlnger, C. L. MacKenzie,
Win. Codd, Chas. E. Scriber.
REAL ESTATE INSURANCE
BONDING AND LIABILITIES
BUILDING AND LOAN
F. S. RATLIFF & CO.
LIFE, ACCIDENT, HEALTH, FIRE
AUTOMOBILE, GRAIN, THRESHER
Now is the time to insure your grain and threshers.
Insure with us now, as it will cost you no more than to
insure later, and will possibly save you a loss.
We "write grain as cheaply as any
company, even the mutuals :-:
S. E. Bnrgunder, Manager
Main St., Opposite Fair Store. Phone Main 1891
Subsoribe for Magazines and otherjJFeriodicals
through Gazette Club List and saye money.