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THE COLFAX GAZETTE
Mkamwkll Bmm., Publishers
Office in Plmmw Rlook. Telephone Main 141
KMta^.lißhnd in 1877. Entered at the Colfax
pofto'fl-*' <»v second Hhhs mail matter.
-ri^eßimoN kates, in advance:
ONE VFAK. *1.50 SIX MONTHS, 75c
. y.^ , If this or some earlier date appears
1 JAIN [■> <)n your tak> , you are tbero
by no'fie ' that the time for which your Bub
acripti^n wait i>aiii nan expired, and renewal is
Ofleial l'aprr of the City .if Co!fax.
O. R. & N. TIME CARD.
ToSp>kane ;*:loam. 10: l. r«a.m. 2:02 p.m.
To I'endleton 10:15 am. 7:10 pm.
To Portland 12:10 a.m.
prom kloaoov. 9:55 a. m. ti-15 p.m.
To M'«c w 10:45 a.m. 7:15 p.m
S. & I TIME C<\R!>.
Lv. G>'f.ix 8-10 a.m. 12:30 p.m. 4:55 p.m.
Ar. C'fax. 10:35 a.m. ;^:00 p.m. 9:05 p.m.
Tekoa is the only town in Whitman
county at this writing whose popula
tion has been announced by the census
officials. It is 1694, compared with
717 io 1900. This shows a gratifying
increase, without being accused of
The mPHfuge of President Taft to
congress Monday should be read by
every citizen of the realm. The message
is that of a constructive as well as a
financial statesman. To one who has
not pre judged or is disposed to be hyper
critical the message will certainly appeal
as being an able document. At any rate
read it and study its points.
It is evident the pruning knife will
have to be used when the legislature
meets and the question of appropria
tions is up for consideration. Money
asked for the support of the higher
educational institutions and the penal
institutions of the state runs into the
millions—largely in excess of two years
ago and way beyond the state levy.
The population of Boise, Idaho, is
17,358, compared with 5957 in 1900
and 2341 in 1890, a train of 191.4 per
cent since 1900. Boise was docked 2424
names by Director Durand, the director
using these words iv referring to the
matter: "It is not clear that the enu
merators were guilty of fraud, but they,
at least, misunderstood their instruc
Mrs. Mary Baker Q Eidy, head of the
Christian Science Church, died in Boston
last Sunday morning of pneutnoDia.
Mrs. Eidy was born in Bow, New Hamp
shire, July 16, 1821, and was therefore
in her 90th year. As founder of Christian
Science she had a notable career. Chris
tian Science has probably come to stay,
which places Mrs. Eddy among the list
of remarkable w >men of the world.
Oregon will shortly exploit its great
caves in Josephine county, which have
recently been set aside as a national
reservation. Moreover, the government
will place these caves in charge of a care
taker, who will put a stop to the prac
tice of careless tourists who invade the
caves and destroy the beauty of some of
the rock formations in search for curios
These caves are said to rival the Mam
moth Cave in Kentucky.
Geological survey parties have recently
taken soundings of Lake Chelan and
find that the lake is 1597 feet in depth
in the deepest parts, which shows that
the bottom of the lake is 497 feet below
the level of the sea. Lake Chelan is a
remarkable sheet of water. It is a long,
narrow body of water, nosing into the
Cascade mountains for 50 miles. The
scenery is grand beyond description.
Many go there to spend the summer's
The dispatches tell us that "Speaker
Cannon received a remarkable ovation
when he took up the gavel to announce
the opening of the session in the house.
The applause lasted several minutes and
the democrats joined with the republi
cans in acclaiming the veteran legisla
tor." This was at tli»> opening of con
gress Monday. Is this the same Uucle
Joe Cannon who was taken to task for
almost everything criminal in thp politi
cal calendar prior to the late lamented
elections? Keep your eye on Uncle Joe.
The city electiou in Colfax last Tuesday
passed off quietly and wiihout acrimony,
albeit two tickets were placed in the
field. By looking at the tabulated vote
published elsewhere it will be seen that
the result was close between the two
tickets, candidates on both tickets being
elected. The result, therefore, casts no
reflections on the defeated candidates of
either ticket. A choice had to be made,
and the choice was made in a friendly
spirit. While Mayor Lippitt was retired
it is generally recognized that be has
made an efficient, energetic, conscientious
official, working for the general weal.
The great floori of last March left the
city in a wretched condition, and the
work of rehabilitation has been going
on apace, which will take time to com
plete In this work Mayor Lippitt has
at all times been in the fore, frequently
neglecting his private business to attend
to the city's His example in
this regard is commended and generally
acknowledged by our citizens. Mayor
elect Weinberg is an old resident of Col
fax, a large property holder, and there is
no room for doubt that he will devote
all hie energies and most of his time for
the upbuilding of the city. In this work
he should have the co operation of every
citixen. Let ub show civic patriotism.
COLFAX GAZETTE, COLFAX, WASHINGTON, DECEMBER 9, 1910.
More About High Prices.
The vexed question of the cause of
high prices has been thoroughly investi
gated by the Massachusetts state com
mission on the cost of living. Wnile it
may be expected that the conclusions of
that commission will be challenged by
many who do not find that they ngree
with preconceived and expressed opinions
on the subject, they will be considered
more dispassionately by people who are
?eekiog to arrive at the real truth, rather
than for arguments to support a politi
cal or aa economic tenet.
The commission finds that the advance
iv prices since 1907 is world wide and i*
not confined to any group of countries
This fact is so thoroughly established
that it cannot mccepsfuily be challenged
The principal cause of tbia world-wide
advance it finds to be the increase in th?
gold supply, reducing the purchasing
power of the metal and bringing about
a corresponding increase in values, meat-
ured in money, while it has served in the
Uoited States as a basis for a vast ex
tension of credit. This conclusion will
bring some comfort to the old school of
bimetallism, who argue that the low
pricesof the period around 1903 4 was
due to the withdrawal of its legal tender
capacity from silver, thus reducing the
world's stock of redemption money.
Referring to the United States alone,
the commission further finds that con
tributing causes to the reign of high
prices are enormous waste of income,
public and private, uneconomic expendi
tures for war purposes, enlarged burdens
of government in caring for disease,
crime and pauperism, indulgence in
luxuries, wasteful expenditures in house
keeping, the drain of population from
the land, this decreasing the proportion
of those engaged in producing food sup
plies, and uneconomic methods in pro
duction and distribution.
The tariff, the trusts and labor unions
are acquitted by the report from any
serious responsibility for the high cost
of living. As to the tariff, prices over
long periods of time have risen Lnd
fallen without reference to the duties.
Prices of trust controlled products have
risen no more conspicuously than other
products. As to the union?, less than
10 per cent of the labor is organized,
and those laboring in the production of
commodities that have advanced the
most are not organized at all, while the
general advance in the wages of organ
ized labor followed the advance in prices
instead of preceding it. —Seattle Post-
The county engineers of the state, in
convention last week at Walla Walla,
did a good thing in recommending to
the legislature a law requiring the ex
amination of all engineers before a
state examining board. The wonder is
that such a law has not been passed and
enforced long ago. There is a distinc
tion between a surveyor and an engineer.
Formerly they were designated county
Hurveyors—now they are dubbed county
engineers. A man may be a good sur
veyor but a poor engineer. If the office
is to embrace engineering the occupant
of the office should be a competent en
gineer, able to pass a thorough examin
ation. We do not think of electing a
county ecbool superintendent who is not
a licensed school teacher. Why 'elect an
"engineer" who may be only a surveyor,
and a poor one at that, knowing little
or nothing about engineering? Let the
proposed law pass.
A news item states that on county
division and creating new offices the
people of Oregon are a unit against it
They voted against it at the last elec
tion. This is a subject matter for the
solons of the state of Washingtoc to
think about at the approaching session
of the legislature. Already schemes are
laid to create more offices, and it is
quite likely an attempt will be made to
create at least one new county. Neither
are demanded at this time. In fact,
several of the counties could be con
solidated to advantage, and as for the
offices several score throughout the stare
oould be dispensed with with benefit to
the commonwealth. Taxes could then
be lessened, or the money applied iv
buil :iiig roads (macadam) or for in
ternal improvements. Economy was
the watchword before election; let it
continue to be the watchword.
Astoria, Oregon, the scene of the first
American settlement on the Pacifiecoas',
will celebrate the centennial of its found
ing next summer. The event promises
to arouse a great deal of interest
throughout the country. The Pacific
Northwest should take a special part in
the exposition. The settlement made at
the mouth of the Columbia river by the
Astor expedition came at the right time
to give the Oregon country to the United
States, for by the treaty of Ghent that
soon followed the founding of the colony
the occupants of the territory, prior to
the treaty, were given possession. Had
the Astor settlement been delayed a few
years in all probability the Northwest
would have been given to England.
The population of California, accord
ing to the 13th census, is 2,377,549, an
increase of 892,496, or 60 1 per cent
over 1,485,053 in 1900. The popula
tion of the counties containing the prin
cipal cities is: Alameda 246,131, Los
Angeles 504.131, Sacramento 67,806,
San Diego 61,665, San Francisco 416 -
912, Santa Clara 83,539.
Senator Jones declines the Eastern
Washington judgeahip with tbacks.
The 13th census will show the popula
tion of the United States to be upward
of 91.000,000. The population of Idaho
is 325,594, an increase of 163 822, or
101 3 per cent over 161.772 in 1900,
when the increase over 1890 wn* 77 385
or 18 6 per cent. Nevada, 81,875, aa
increase of 38,530, or 93 4 per cent over
42 335 in 1900, when the population
showed a decrease of 3426 or 7 5 per
cent from that of 1890 Oegnn, 672,
765, nn'ineresse of 259.229 or 62 7 per
cent over 413,536 in 1900 when the in
crease over 1890 was 99,769 or 31 8
BALLINGER'S ANNUAL REPORT.
History of Homestead Law.-Signed
by Abraham Lincoln.
In his annual report, just made public,
Secretary BaUinger of the department ol
the interior, devotes a large amount of
space to puhlic-lttcd problems. After
recitine the history of the public domain
and saving statistics to show that there
is now remiinimr unappropriated and
unreserved 711,986,409 acres of pubic
land in continental Doited Scutes' and
Alaska, the secretary says:
The homestead bill for granting free
homes to the landless tattler* b^CHtc? a
national question in 1552, and ten years
later it was written into law and ap
proved by Abraham Lincoln, after a
previous veto by President Buchanan in
1^60» on the ground that congress did
not have the power to make a donation
of public land to settlers or to the states.
Here was inaugurated a radical change
of policy. Of this policy President
Johnson, in his annual message in 1865,
said: "The homestead policy was estab
lished only after long and earnest re
wintance. Experience proves its wisdom.
The lands in the bands of the industri
ous settlers, whose labor creates wealth
and contributes to the public resources,
are worth more to the United States
than if they had been reserved as a soli
tude for future purchasers."
For nearly 40 years the BtatuteH have
declared that all valuable mineral de
posits in lands belonging to the United
States, both surveyed and unsurveyed,
are to be free and open to exploration
and purchase aDd the lands in which
they are found to occupation and pur
chase by citizens of the United States
and those who have become such. Rich
deposits of precious metals in the Pacific
states and territories have been discov
ered and located under these general
mining laws and have been operated for
many years. Granting defects in the
laws, they have accomplished their pur
pose in causing the mineral resources to
be developed and have thus contributed
enormously to the wealth of the nation.
It is hardly reasonable to believe that
any material change will be made in
these laws or of the method of dipposal
of the lode and placer claims of the
mineral regions. Here, as in the settle
ment laws, fhe government's liability has
had its reward in the material prosperity
of the people, and while abuses have ex
ited, they can not be charged as much
to the law as to evasions of the law.
Bacon and the Fishers.
In "Aubrey's Lives" this quaint story
is told of Lord Bacon: "His lordship,
being in the garden looking on fishers
as they were throwing their nets, asked
them what they would take for their
catch. They answered so much. His
lordship would offer them not so much.
They drew u;> their net, and in it were
only two or three little fishes. He then
told them it had been better for them
to have taken his offer. They replied
they hoped for a better draft, but, said
his lordship. 'Hope is a good breakfast,
but uu ill supper.' "
A man who leased a cottage at a
seaside resort met the plausible real
estate agent who engineered the deal,
to whom he said:
"I took this cottage from you be
cause you represented It to be only
three minutos' walk from the ocean
As a matter of fact, it is fifteen min
utes' walk instead of three. I'm dis
appointed in you. sir."
"Well." said rhe real estate man.
"I'm disappointed in you too. I took
you for one of those real rapid walk
Our life is like the life of a tree
—again and again stripped of every
sign of life that it has put forth and
yet which still has gathered all those
apparent failures into the success
of one long, continuous growth.—
Deafness Cannot be Cured
by local applications, ;« they cannot reach
the diseased portion of the ear. There is only
one way to cure deafueas, and that is by con
stitutional remedies. Deafness is caused by an
inflamed condition of the mucous lining 8 of the
Euatachian Tube. When this tube is inflamed
you have a rumbling sound or imperfect hear
ing, and when it is entirely closed. Deafness
is the result,and nniess the inflammation can be
taken out and this tube restored to its normal
condition, hearing will be destroyed forever;
nine cases out of ten are caused by Catarrh,
which in nothing but an inflamed condition of
the mucous surfaces.
We will give One Hundred Dollars for any
case of Deafness (caused by Catarrh) that can
not be cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure. Send
for circular free.
F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, Ohio.
Sold by Druggists, 75c.
Take Hall's Family Pilla for constipation.
Soothes itching skin. Heals cute or
barns without a scar. Cures piles, ec
zema, salt rheum, any itching. Doan's
Ointment. lour druggist sells it.
L >br —A fur muff; ntiuur rwo we.:k«
aeo. Finder wi!l please leave at this
office and receive regard.
K>r rent — Five lio>i,h keeping room*
for rent [i qsji^ of South End Grocery
Hou-e for rent. Whitman Realty Co..
Polfax. . . -
Vmureo —1 ( j,-*irt; to reutawheHt fnrni
—either half, three quarters or full sec
tion. I have the nerens«ry stock to do
the farming Address Eberhard Strota
maier, I'olfax, Wish.
Wanted—Dewripriou and price of land
for «aie from owners only. State loca
tion and rertns. Address Lock Box 696,
B. K. HANNA. B. M. HANNA.
Hanna & Hanna
ATTORNEYS AT LAW-Office: Bellinger
building; General Practioe, Civil and Crim
inal; 'photo Main 91.
R. JL. McCroskey
ATTORNEY AT LAW. Offices over the
First Savings & Trust Bank. Telephone
JOHN PATTISOJJ F. L, STOTLER PAUL PATTISON
Pattison, Stotler & Pattisoo
ATTORNEYS AT LAW. Offioe in Fra
J. Hugh Sherfey
ATTORNEY AT LAW-Office, room 3,
Pioneer block ; probate practice a specialty
Phone, Red 831.
I>r. J. A. Balsiger
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON-Rooms
6 and 7, over Barroll & Mohney's store. Tel.
Main 81; Residence Tel- Main 1371. Office
hours, 9to 12 a. m.; Ito sp. m.
Dr. A. E. Stuht,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON. 0. R.
& X. physician. Spokane & Inland sur
geon. Office over Hamilton's drupr -. store.
K. J. Skaii'e,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON. Office
second floor front in new Lommaason build
in?, Main street.
Dr. Ida Bryson
OSTEOPATH—Graduate of the American
School of Osteopathy, Kirksville, Mo. Lo
cated in Schmuck block, 320 Main street.
Dr. John Benson,
HOMOEOPATHIC PHYSICIAN. Spec
ialtiee: Chronic diseases and diseases of
woman and children. Calls to any part of
the county promptly answered. Office n
Colfax Hardware building.
Dr. Wm. Clay Cardwell
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON. Rooms
14 and 15 Lippitt building. Office Hours, 9
to 12, 1 to 5; Sunday, 10 to 12; evenings by
appointment. Phones—Office, Main 1341;
residence, Black 1461.
Dr. W. B. Palamountain
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON—Rooms 6
and 7, Lippitt Buildine. Phones: office,
Main 581; Residence, Red 183. Office hours,
9t012 a. m., Ito 5:30 p. m.
G. A. Chapman, D. D. 8.
DENTIST. Graduate Ohio Colleco Denta.'
Surgery. Office, rooms 10 and 11 Lippiti
J. P. Tifft, D. M. D.
DENTIST. Parlors in Binnard Block.
'Phone, Main 691.
Wm. A. Inman,
ATTORNEY AT LAW. Will do all kinds
of legal bnalnesSc Office. Room 3, Pioneer
J. N. Pickrell,
ATTORNEY AT LAW Office In Frater
nitf block, Rooms 4 and 5.
O 9LF AX. WASHINGTON.
Charles R. Hill,
ATTORNEY AT LAW. Waite block.
Phone Main 811.
GEO. L.. CORNELIUS
AUTOMOBILE AND BICYCLE HOSPITAL
Repairing ot ail kinds.
Opp. Main Street School COLFAX
For any special bargain in
I have a buyer. Money to loan in large
or email amounts.
RICHARD 11. REID
102 Main St. Colfax, Wash.
TENNY ADY GO SymoDß Block
itnni nut. uu. Bpokane Wa9h
"reep the Gazette on file and are it*
•Mitncrired agents for advertigement*
Whitman county's oldest,
best and most widely circulated
newspaper is The Gazette.
P. B. STIUVENS President W. It. ANDERSOX. C»»hier
J. J. MILLER, Vice President 8. H. HICKS, Asut. Cashier
The Farmers State Bank
OF COLFAX, WASHINGTON
Capital $100,000.00. Surplus and Profit* $10,000.00
Assets September 1, l<»o<>, $351,000.00
Assets September 1, HMO, $414,000.00
Strong enough to accommodate you.
Not too strong to appreciate your patronage.
A general banking business transacted.
4 per cent interest, compounded semi-annually, paid
on Savings Deposits.
First mortgage loans on Whitman county FARM
LANDS made and sold.
All business entrusted to us receives prompt and
careful attention. We solicit your patronage, assuring
you courteous treatment.
A HOME INSTITUTION.
PERFECT BAKING RESULTS can be obtained only'
when the best materials are used, including flour of
these popular and well known brands—
which are manufactured in Whitman county by the WINONA
MILLING CO., from Blue Stem Wheat, the very best for the
Inland Milling & Feed Co. ==
A. COOLIDGE R. L. McCKOSKEY H. G. DePLEDGE LLIS LAIRD
Piesideut Vice President Cashier Asst. Cashier
First Savings and Trust
of Whitman County cw»",*:
Capital $50,000 Surplus $15,000 Resources $400,000
Depository of the city of Colfax and Whitman
We pay 4 per cent interest, compounded sem
annually, on savings accounts.
We have paid $42.1: 7.62 interest on savings ac
counts during the past five years.
We solicit the accounts of firms, corporations and
individuals. No account is too small to be appre
ciated, and none too large to be well handled.
We rent safety deposit boxes in our fire and
burglar proof vault at $2.00 and up, per annum.
If you have money to invest, see us.
If you wish to borrow, call on us.
If you will leave your money with us, we will do
the best for j rou.
Statement of Condition of
Colfax National Bank
In response to call of Comptroller Nov. 10, 1910
mi. bank haa the largest capital and surplog of any bank in the Pa
louse country. "lit v conservatively tnanased by « tJAf i .
composed of men of ripe experience in the banking bit f vtoTl't
Loans and discounts and overdrafts.... gi 91 q 7f)O o <
United States bonds . &M 13./02 34
Stocks, bonds and securities '.'. J^'°?° <£
Furniture and fixtures
Real estate 4-7°o 00
Due frooi banks .. . " ' * * 0 7<riJ **« 3 465 9G
Due from United States treasurer. 10 000 00
Cilßh in vaultß _iM!LiLjli^J!l
r . A ~8^612,252 97
f. . LIABILITIES
Capital stock ... ,_
Surplus and profits '.'.'. $ 200,000 00
National bank notes 74,308 18
Deposits 196,800 00
•• 1,H1.144 79
i!K» :: : : vJSsi —
- . - Assistant Cashier
*u« r»&&sgr&fts£r o ?^«S wn HWMa JohnKn ,
Wm. Codd, Chas. E. dcrlSei ' L' MacKenzie.