Newspaper Page Text
Problems That a Highway En-
ginesr Must Solve.
THREE TYPES OF TOP DRESSSKG
Band-Clay. Gravel and Macadam th?
Materials Used—Character of Roc.cs
Suitable For Building Macadamized
Roadways Must Be Known.
In an uddrem recently delivered be
fore the Appalachian Engineering as
sociation ;it Winsion-Saiem. N. (.'., Dr.
Joseph lly.ie Pratt, president of the
Appalachian <;«m. ( i Roads association.
epoke iis follows on the surfacing of
The question of surfacing nwiterial
for a road is one that is causing road
builders considerable trouble, for with
the introduction of the automobile, the
wear and tear on our public roads,
especially of the surfaced roads. i>
very materially increased. If is not
«lue to the automobile alone, but to a
of the cutting action of
<jHp*lTow i'''•>» 'ires of heavy wagons
flb<r the suction of the rubber tires of
the automobiles. The iron tin- has a
cutting and grinding action which re
duces the surface of the road to a
powder and loosens up small frag
ments, which are readily lifted up
and thrown to one side by ttie suction
power of the rubber tire of the auto
mobile. The iron tire afcme or the au
tomobile alone would not do such great
damage, for the material ground uu by
the iron tire acts as a protection for
the surface of the road beneath it and
remains as such protection until blown
off by the wind or washed off by heavy
rains. When removed, however, the
iron tire at once comes in contact with
the stone surface of the road and be
gins to wear it out. The automobile
alone would not do anywhere near as
much damage to the public roads, as
the suction power ot the tires would
not seriously affect the well surfaced
road. It is the combination of the
two. however, that causes the great
damage that is laid to the automobile.
"For country roads there are three
types of surfacing material iv use—
macadam, sand day and gravel.
"In considering a macadam road
the road engineer has many problems
to solve. He must not only be fa-
MACADAM ROAD CONSTHDCTIOn.
JFrom Southern Good Roads. Lexington,
miliar with the method of construc
tion of tlie macadam road, but he
must also know wheu it is possible to
use a thinner layer of stone, thus re
ducing the cost of construction. lie
also must be so familiar with this type
of road that he will not make a mis
take of using too thin a coating of
macadam. According to the character
of the subsoil and the hardness of the
roadbed, the thickness of the macadam
will vary from four inches to teu
inches. The cost of a four inch mac
adam is so much less than a ten inch
that an engineer will wish to use it
as often as possible, and there is often
a tendency to use the thin coating
where the thicker one would give bet
"The character of rocks suitable for
use in the construction of a macadam
road must also be known to the road
engineer for the reason that many
roctea are not at all adapted for this
I^JWfSr on account of their softness
of minerals that make a good
binding surface. The best rocks for
this purpose are trap, diabase and gab
bro. These rocks are all basic in
character and when used as a top
dressing for macadam give the very
best binding qualities. Many other
rocks, as granite, gneiss, quartzite,
limestone, etc.. have to be used on ac
count of the inaccessibility of rocks
of the other type. There is a great
variation in granites and gneisses in
their chemical composition, those
which contain a great deal of horn
blende giving the best results in the
construction of macadam roads. They
are. however, rather soft and wear
down quickly if the traffic is very
heavy. The limestone, although a
soft rock, has exceptionally good bind
ing qualities and makes a good mac
adam road, but one that lias to be
"The sand clay road which is coming
into general use throughout many of
the southern states is one that the road
engineer must know how to build. In
some Instances this road can be built
to better advantage than macadam and
will give just as good results. All sand
or all clay will not make good Rand
clay roads, and in building this type
»both the sand and the da.
fSt be tested as to Its adaptability
r«o for this purpose."
COLFAX GAZETTE, COLFAX, WASHINGTON, DECEMBER 9, 1910.
IN THE SUPERIOR COURT.
Estate of Clara E Busch-L«»tters is
sued to John J Bosch, order appointing
appraisers and to give notice to credi
Entaie of Emile F Metier—Order of
Estate of Martha A G*inep—Order ap
pointing Luther Barnes administrator.
Estate of Edmund J Langdon—Order
Estate of Myron A Fergupou—Deposi
tion ordered published.
Estate of Eugene S Dwire—Order for
monument and appointing appraisers
Estate of Gideon Gum—Letters of ad
ministration to Albert Guui.
Estate of Henry A Prince—Order fix
iDg time for settlement of tinal account
and to show cause on distribution.
Estate of James H Games—Order fix
ing time for hearing petition for letters
Guardianship of Margaret Prince et al,
minors — Order appointing Martha S
John Vosburgh ts Elma Voeburgh—
Decree of divorce to plaintiff
J F Hall vh Charles Pears et al—Order
to show cause.
A L Victor vs L G Holland—Judgment
W T Adams et ux vs The Farmers'
State Bank et al—Vlotion of defendant
Canutt overruled and defendant given 10
days in which to plead.
John L Cnnutt et ux vs Frank H
Endeley et ux—Defendant's motion over
ruled and defendant given 10 days to
The Jobes Milling Co vs John W Car
roll—Set for trial January 3, 1911.
A J Davis and U M Moffutt vs F E
Stanfield—Partial release of judgment.
Order appointing H M Love court
A C Riuthe vs E Dent et ux—Tran
script of judgment from Franklin county.
E Pittwood et ux vs Northwestern
Mercantile & Storage Co et al—Abstract
of judgment from Spokane c >unty.
Holt Manufacturing Co vs F B Law
rence—Abstract of judgment from Spo
G Allen Maaon vs F S Ratliff Co et al,
the Colfax National Bank garniehee de
fendant to recover $948 f>o—Garnish
Roads Affect Living Costs.
The National Grange prints an arti
cle showing the relation of the good
roads question to the problem of the
increased cost of living and the rela
tively decreasing population of tlit>
farming districts, which are now at
tracting universal attention. The arti
cle shows clearly that improved roads
will increase the productivity of our
farms, make effective co-operation
among the farmers possible, create a
market for many of the smaller farm
products which are now unsalable, af
ford better educational facilities for
the farmer's children and in main
ways make country life more desir
able and profitable.
Just What It Needs.
The National Good Roads association
met at Niagara Falls, and the most In
teresting of many resolutions was that
which called lor the co-operation of
state and federal governments in the
good work. s;'.ys # the Florida Times-
Union. At present the work is a great
body without a head. What it needs
more than anything else is intelligent
direction to a fixed purpose. It will
prove cheaper to work toward this end
than to change the lines after build
ing, as we had to do with our railroads
to make them effective as a whole for
the good of all.
Sophomore clothes may be had of
Whitehouse Clothing Co. .
fiOAD WORK IN TEXAS.
How Grave! Highways Forty Feet
Wide Are Built.
The method of constructing roads in
Ellis county. T-x. was Q>scril*d at a
recent road convention | n thai state by
County Judge Spencer. He stated that
daring the preceding year eighty miles
of roads bad bei n completed in the
county, the rate of construction having
been between eight and ten miles per
month. The eoiutuissioners' court has
full charge of the work, the commis
sioners acting us superintendents, but
receiving instructions from the court.
Four canips were maintained, each
camp consisting of a grading, a gravel,
a concrete and a rock and labor crew.
Two convict crews were hired at $1.25
per work (Fay per man for loading
wagons. Fon men receive S~o a month,
assistants ;--;.""> a month and concrete
foremen $'■', per day. Labor is paid
$1.50 per day. teams for scrapers §3
per day and the same Cor those haul
ing one yard loads of gravel, with $3.50
per day for those hauling loads of one
and one-quarter yards each. One man
is employed to do nothing but locate
and test gravel. The equipment, such
as scrapers, water wagons, wheelbar
rows, picks, drills, shovels, tool boxes,
tents, etc.. costs about $5,000.
A roadway of at least forty feet is
aimed at. The mads are built almost
entirely of pit gravel, which is bought
by the acre at an average cost of about
7 cents per load. The first twenty
miles of road cost an average per mile
Gravel, rock arid pit work 167.15
Labor a!id salaries 367.48
Gravol and rock Mauling 1,189.36
Dynamite and powder 14.0!)
Concrete construction li'J.'£>
Miscellaneous - 19.83
The average width of gravel was six
teen feet and the average depth four
inches at the edges aud twelve to
twelve and two-thirds at the crown.
The average number of loads of gravel
and rock per mile was 1,834 and the
average haul two miles. The average
cost of haul per mile load was 32 1-3
cents. There was an average of two
and one-half concrete bridges and cul
verts per mile, costing an average of
i?5!).7<) each. These were built of re
enforced concrete, the re-enforcement
being bought by the carload and the
cement in 4.IXJU barrel lots. These are
built on the general rule of providing
one square foot of opening for each
four or five acres to be drained.
The services of an engineer may be
required on some extremely flat or
level places. Our commissioners and
foremen, however, have been able to
handle this feature of our work satis
factorily in all hut one instance. This
service apparently cost them $11.60,
which gives a very small average per
mile, since this was the only engineer
ing item for twenty miles of road.
HOW TO HELP.
Drivers Are Given Cards of Instruc-
The Nonh Carolina Good Roads as
sociation is distributing throughout the
state cards which read as follows:
"How to Keep This Road For Years:
"This road was constructed for your
"Don't drive in one track. Avoid
"If all use one plnco all the wear will
be in one place and snake a rut.
"If you use ;i little care -cu<\ do not
drive exactly where the last wuson
did the wear will be distributed, which
will keep tlif surface smooth and the
road will remain pood for years; oth
erwise it will soon be rutted and the
smooth surface pone."
It is believed that if those who use
the road will give a little attention to
where they drive, so as not to drive di
rectly in the same track as the team
ahead of them has done, it will pre
vent the mads from becoming tilled
with rats and will have a general tend
ency to jiack the greater portion of
Shown In the Treatment
of All Chronic Dis
eases by Dr. Darrin.
The Most Successful Physician
Ever in Colfax Will' Ke
inuin i ntil |>cc. 18th.
No Time Should Be Lost by the Affect
ed to Secure the Service or Free
Adv Ire of Ttts Noted Special -
Ist at the Hotel Colfax.
Tbe afflicted of the vicinity now have
the grandest ouportunity of their life to
obtain the scientific services of a high
clans specialist; one whote name and
fame is ho well known and reputation
ULquestioned. No matter what the dis
ease or ailment may be, be should by all
means be consulted as his opinion is
well worth knowing.
During a recent interview Dr. Darrin,
who is now visiting Colfax, firmly but
courteously declined to discuss the se
cret of the power and the remedies he
uses, but finally was induced to speak
when asked as to the following:
How do you treat patients that may
take some time to cure, and you are not
going to remain long?
"It does not make the slightest differ
ence. I provide each case with every
thing essential so that they can treat
themselves in their own homes just as
easily and just as surely as if 1 lived
here. DiHtance does not make any dif
ference, so to speak, as I keep in touch
with every patient, by correspondence
until they are cured.
"All that anyone who is ill in any way
from any cause, and may be suffering
from any cause, and may be Buffering
from the stealthy but deadly encroach
ments of catarrh, whose beads are be
ing eaten out, whose hearing is effected,
whose bronchitis ure ii. limned, whose
lungs are threatened, whose etomacb,
bowels, liver, kidneys, bladder, and other
organs have been invaded by disease,
men and women suffering from weakness
and ailments peculiar to their sex, to all
whose nerves and joints throb with neu
ralgic and rheumatic agonies, or whose
skin is diefigured with disease, is to lose
no time in calling on me at the Hotel
Colfax, as I will be in Colfax for a lim
ited time only, until December 18tb, be
fore returning to my permanent head
office at Seattle. I make no charge for
consultation and examination between
the hours of 9 a m. and 8 p. m. daily,
and will make my fees and terms reason
able to suit the individual circumstances
of each case."
Cheapest accident insurance — Dr.
Thomas' Electric Oil. Stops the pain
and heals the wound. All druggists sell
The Williamß Jubilee Singers will again
make their appenracce in Colfax on Dec.
21, under the auspices of the Ladies'
Aid Society of the Methodist church.
They have added 1 one or two new mem
bers to their number and have just com
pleted a tour of Europe. Music lovers
will again have the privilege of a rare
Shirkey & Glaser. graduate opticians
Read in December Sunset Magazine
"San Francisco, the Exposition City."
Superbly illustrated in four colors. Now
on sale, all news stands, 15 cents.
Fwl languid, weak, run-down? Head
ache? Stomach "off?" —Just a plnin
ease of lazy liver. Burdock Blood Bit
tern tones liver and stomach, promotes
digestion, purifies the blood.
If you want the news you
must take The Gazette.
Colfax Meat Market
A. GERBER, Proprietor
FEESH AND CURED MEATS
POULTRY AND FISH
Oysters in Season
Hides and Pelts Bought
119 Mam Street— Phone Main 101
to do your Watch, Clock and
Jewelry repairing. All work puir
anteed to give absolute satMuction
or money refunded; and will be
done when promised. You will Bad
me in Ripley's Pharmacy.
R. W. PHIPPS
COLFAX, - WASH.
Piles! Piles! Piles!
"ft llliams 1 Indian Pile Ointment will cure
Blind, Bleeding and Itching Piles It ab-
Borbs the tumors, allays itching at once,
acts as a poultice, gives instant relief.
Williams' Indian Pile Ointment is pre
pared for Piles and itching of the private
parts. DrnecriKts, mail 50c and $1.00.
WILLIAMS MFG. CO.. Props.. Cleveland, Ohio
For sale nr V T. MdYortkey's druir store
T*Te RJcker Studio
of Colfax, Wash , has been a success.
There are reasons—the photographer
is an artist and work ie up to date
and nicely finished. Until after the
holidays the patrons of the studio
will receive in addition to their rejj
ular order a beautiful present abso
lutely free. Come in at once for
Notice to Creditors.
Notice is hereby givrn by the undesigned
executors of the last will and testament of
Carrie >1. B*ch, deceased, to the creditors of
and all persons having claims against said de
ceased or against said estate to exhibit them
with the necessary vouchers to the said execu
tors at the residence of John H. Bach, five
miles west of Pine City. V> hitman couuty, state
of v\ aßhiugton, which place is hereby deolared
to be the place for the transaction of the busi
ness of said estate, within one year after the
date of the first publication of thi« notice.
Date of first publication Dec. 2,1910
JOHN H. BACH
JOHN F. BACH
Executors of the last will and testament of
Carrie M. Bach, deceased
Chas. L. ('hfimberlin, attorney for estate.
Notice of Sale of Real Estate.
in the superior court of the state of Washing
ton, in and for the county of Whitman.
In the matter of the estate of Frank Beck de
Notice is hereby given that in pursuance of
an order of the above entitl d court, made on
the 10th flay of November, 1910, in the ma'terof
the above entitled estate, the undersigned, ad
ministrator of said estate, will sell at public
auction to the highest bidder for cash, lawful
money of the United States of America and
subject to confirmation of the above entitled
court, on Saturday, the 24'h day of December,
1910 at 2 o'clock p. m , at the south front door
of the Whitman county court house in Colfax
Whitman county, state of Washington all the
right, title, interest and estate of the said Frank
Beck at the time of his death, and all the right
title and interest that the estate has, by oner
ation of law or otherwise, acquired other than
or in addition to that of the said Frank Beck at
the time of his death in and to all that certain
lot. piece or parcel of laud situate, lying and
being in the said city of Colfax. Whitman
county, state of Washington, described as fol
lows to-wit: Lot lour (4) in block 8, of the city
of Colfax, according to the recorded plat there-
Terms and conditions of sale: Cash, lawful
money of the United States of America: ten per
cent of the purchase money to be paid to the
auctioneer ou the day o: sale, balance on con
firmation of sale by the above entitled court.
All encumbrances upon said property to be
satisfied out of the proceeds of said sale
B.H LACEY, Administrator
Notice of Settlement of Final Ac-
In the superior court of Whitman county
state of Washington.
In the matter of the estate of Royal A Martin
Notice is hereby given that Isaac Martin ad
ministrator of the estate of Royal A Martin
<U ceased, has rendered and presented for settle
ment and filed in said court his final account of
his administration of said estate, and that Sat
urday the 17th day of December. 1910, at the
hour of 10 o'clock a m. of said day at the
court room of said court, in the city of Col fax
Whitman county, state of Washington has been
duly appointed by the said court for the settle
meiit oi said account, at which tlrre and place
any person Interested in said estate may appear
and file his exceptions In writing to said ac
count and contest the same.
Dated November 12, 1910
<iEO. H. NEWMAN. Clerk.
Pattißon & Pattison, attorneys for estate.
Notice of Sale of Personal Prop
In the superior court of the state of Washing
ton, in ana for the county of Whitman.
In the matter of the estate of Frank Beck de
Notice is hereby given that in pursuance of
the orders of the above entitled court, hereto
fore made in the matter of the above entitled
estate, the undersigned, administrator of the
above entitled estate, will sell at public auc
tion to the highest bidder for cash on Saturday
;he 24th day of December, 1910. at the hour of
1:60 o'clock pm. of said day, at the south front
door of the W hitman county court house in
Colfax, Whitman county, state of Washington,
the following described personal property, to
v»it: 500 shares of stock in the Mlnnehaha
Mining & Milling Co. A chose in action against
Daniel Green for the sum of $106 55.
Dated November 22,19,0.
K. H. LACEY. Administrator.
Summons for Publication.
In the superior court of the state of Washing
ton, in and ir>r the county of Whitman.
Ethel Wiseley, plaintiff, vs. Thomas J. Wise
State of Washington, coun'y of Whitman, ss
The state of Washington, to the said Thomas
You are hereby summoned and required to
appt-ar in the superior court of the state of
Washington, in and for Whitman county, with
in sixty days after the date of he first publlr-a
--| tion of this summons, to-wit: wi.hiu sixty days
I after the 25th day of November, 1910, and de
fend the above entitled actiou in tne above en-
I titleioourt, and answer the complaint of the
j plaintiff in said action, and serve a copy of your
said answer on Harm* & Hauna, tne under
signed attorneys for plaintiff, at their office iv
(Jolfax, in Whitman county, state of Washing
ton, and if you fail to appear and defend said
action and answer the complaint of the plaintiff
1 aforesaid, within tne time aforesaid, judgment
i will be rendered against you according to the
I demand of the said complaint, which has been
> fiit-d with the cleric of Mid court. The object
of the above eutit.'ed action is to secure a di
vorce upon the grounds of drunkenness, cruel
! treatment, wilful desertion without cause, and
j failure on the part of the defendant to contrib
ute toward the support of the plaintiff.
Dated November 2:; rd, 1910
H ANNA & Ha.NNA,
Attorneys for Plaintiff.
Postoffiee address: Colfax, Whitman county,
First publication November 25, lylO.
Only way to get the news is
to read The Gazette.
Notice of H. as Ptstitlon for
In the suDerior court ..( t|,H itefta f W» k
I ir*toi, in and for the coo^dTWhhlJL
Campbell. .a,i all per-,., n , int.r, td in th^
Notice in hereby K iv en that f;«,. rße p
(Seal) OKO H nkwman
Clerk 0* sail Sufwrior C^ouit.
Notice of Sale of Real Estate
aiford"^ the^e'eutluf 1, 5 l>"r9lla"Ce Of
JAMhS WcCONNKLL, Administrator.
In the superior court of the state of Wa»hln»
ton in and for Whitman county «a»nlug
,A •- French and Agnes Krench hU wif»
ia« 01 Da\id A. Uultmau, deceased- and F* r .\\
nand Brassel and Bertha Br^ThH wife and
Agnes Armstrong m heir at law ol () bMoodV
Banek"ofVk ai the Commer'la> -State Ja^J,
•>HK>n, and Wirt >\ . naunders ami Mlmiio a
saiinden, his wife; and Sparks Broh a "o rD o'
Amanda Ellen Henshew, his wife- and Sarah
State of Washington *
County of Whitman ( SB>
H^ em!!f te p O?'M^(!tO11' to the "M John
S h"« Wife Th^mn" 1""^ 1 and Bt>rtha BrM
, J I ' lhe('Ommercial Slate Saviues Hank
S,!I ek3.» corporation; and Mm Eli/a WiUo"
d\.fendauU° D an ennle Au-'h e»«». his wife,
ftiirt^^nSlT.llo^ 011 are hereby "ummone.l
?he.ta liPn?w^h, PPe," rin.the ■llPerlor court of
me state of Washington, In and for Whitman
Sf'oTftfc BUty day 9 after the first p^bfit
catlou of tliis summons, towit: within sixty
?«Jrt ,tf ter, the '^th dHy o( '"'tober, 1910 and dey
ci d the above entitled action in the above en
Dli?nt <ifr- ir.» aniH nß'!? r the cc>ms''aint of The
winrl^ 8d actlon-»»rt serve a copy of
\ourgaid answer on h. A. Williams the under
v.,, f 'i.^ ' ma" couu»y. VVashingto;,. and if
>on fail to appear and defend said action and
w^Wn' h 6 "S"^"* "' the plaintiffs a ?> reß aM
■h 1 time aforesaid, judgment will be
rendered against you, according to the de
uhh thecW.'T^I 1"1 Whlch has beenflled
vUh the clerk of stud court. The object of the
ou?. Vtwo Ut rhle<l ftetiolV ß t0 uiet ««? to lot,
of tnTS^ 111 deeds set ollt iv SKSrfS
Dated this 28th day of October, 1910.
... K. A. WJLLI IMS
t^ »??-/ or Plaintlfts- f<MtoUice address.
Tekoa, Whitman county. WashitiKtou. s>
Summons for Publication.
In the superior court of the state of Washing
ton in and for the county of Whitman. X
rS^Utn^T' plalutiff" vs- Albert *•
', J h t c H Btat, e-°'WaßhinKton to Albert X- Toney
defendant in the above entitled action
• \ou.are hereby summoned to appear within
six y days after the date of the first publ'iri,,S
of this summons, to wit: within >Uty day*
after the 28th day of October, 191U ami defend
the above entitled action in the above entitled
court, answer Urn complaint of the plaintiff and
serve a copy of your answer upon tne under,
signed attorneys at lhelr address below Mated,
and in the event of your failure so to do, lodg
ment wnl be rendered against you according To
mod «?th n ,hof which has been
nied with the clerk of said court
The object and purpose of the above entitled
action is to procure a decree of the above en
titled court forever dissolving the bonds of
matrimony now existing between the plalntirt
ami defendant, and granting to sold plaintiff an
absolute decree of divorce from said defendant
upon the ground of neglect and refusal of Ba id
defendant to make provision for his family lor
the period of more than oue Tear last pant and
that during the married life of plaintiff and
defendant said defendant has associated witn
improper and vicious persons to such an ex
tent as to render the life of t.laintitr burdeu
?£me^5 d. glviaS the P'airifitf the custody of
the child of the parties.
Mebbitt, Oswald & Mekritt,
,. „ , , Attorneys for Plaintiff.
Old National Bank Building, Spokane Wash
Order to Show Cause.
In the superior court of Whitman county, state
of V\ ashington.
In the matter of the estate of Royal A. Martin
Order to show cause why decree of distri
bution should uot be made.
On reading and filing the petition of Isaac
Martin, adminUtrator of the estate of Koyal A
Martin, decased, Betting forth that he has tiled
his final account of his administration of the
estate of said decased iv this court, and that the
same is now in a condition to be closed, and the
residue thereof distributed to ihe heirs and
legatees entitled thereto; that all the debta
and expenses of administration have been duly
paid, and that a portion of said estate remains
to be divided among the persons entitled there
to, and praying among other things or an
order of distribution of the residue of said
estate among the persons enti-
It is ordered that all persons interested in the
estKte of Koyal A. Martin, deceased, be aud ap
pear before the superior court of Whitman
county, state of Washington, at the court room
of said court, at Col:ax, In said county and
s;aie aforesaid, on satuniay, the 17th day of De
cember, 1910, at 10 o'clock a. m. theu and there
to show cause why au order ol distribution
should not be made of the residue of -h;'l.
estate among the heirs and legatees of said de
ceased, according to law.
It is further ordered that a copy of this order
be published for four successive weeks before
the said 17th day of December. 1910, in the (o!
--fax Ghz tte, a newspaper printed «nd published
in W hitman couuty, state of Washington
L»ated November 12 1910.
J- N. PICKRKLL, Superior Judge.
state of W ashinuton, county of Whitman, as.
I, Geo. H. Newman, county clerk and clerk ot
the superior court of Whitman countj, state of
Washington, do htreby certify that the forego
ing is a full, true aad correct'eopy of an orn^r
made and entered of record upon the minu:es
of the said superior court.
Witness my hand and official seal affixed this
12th day of November. 1910.
(deal.) GEO. H. AEWMAX, County Clerk.