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title: 'The Colfax gazette. (Colfax, Wash.) 1893-1932, December 30, 1910, Image 1',
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THE COLFAX GAZETTE
FROM STATE GAPITAL
Whitman County Raised $822,-
050 Taxes Last Year.
Of Which $512,735 Came From
Real Property, $185,934 From
Railway Track and Right-of-Way
and $104,289 Personal Property.
Olympia, Dec. 28.—Whitman county
rained $822,050 in taxes during the past
year, of which 1M2.735 came from real
property, $185,934 railway track and
right of way, and $ 104,289 on personal
property. The report issued by the tax
commission of amounts levied and dia-
tributed is as follows: Amount levied
o d railway track and right ofway, $185,
--*34; real property, f512,738; personal
property, $ 104,289, and the balance of
the entire amount, consisting of rolling
stock aud telegraph and telephone lines,
which is distributed as follows: General
fund, $71,638; military, $5106; high
way, |288,936; school, $74,686; county
general current expense, $90,870; county
road and budge, $71,000; county school,
$103,000; county soldiers'and sailors'
relief, $947 50 ; horticutural, $2307 ;
road district, $96,000; school district,
$190,000- city, $81,240.
Whitman County Leads.
Whitman county has more incorpor
ated citien and towns than any other
county in the state, an shown by the re
port of I. If. Unwell, secretary of state,
who has published this Hot for the first
time. There are 1G incorporated towne
in Whitman county, while Pierce and
Kine each have one first class city, one
third class and nine incorporated towns.
In Whitman county there are two third
class cities and 14 fourth class. The
thir.i class cities are Colfax and Palouse,
and the fourth class cities are Albion,
Colton. Elberton, Endicott, Farmington,
(rarfield, Lnmont, Maiden, Oakesdale,
Pullman, Rosalia, St. John, Tekoa and
Big Fight Looms in Distance.
Governor Hay has received from the
Federal census department a statement
showing the population of each county
in Washington, and this will he used as
a basis for reapportioning by the next
legislature. Whitman county in shown
to have 33,280 people in 1910, as
against 25,360 in 1900. This would
give them an additional representation
if the legislature could be increased in
proportion to the increase iq population,
but there is a constitutional limit on the
size of the legislature and this will result
in a big fight as a result of the larger
counties seeking to get what they term
a fair share of the representation, while
the small counties will endeavor to hold
their own against the larger places.
Tax Commission Has Its Say.
" Vast, complicated and predatory
forms of wealth have escaped " taxation
under the present system of taxation in
vogue in this state, saya the state tax
commission, while the heaviest burden is
placed upon "common, everyday and
ordinary forms of property."'
The commission says that it is pre
eluded from recommending the enact
ment of new measures or the borrowing
of laws frffm other states because of the
constitutional restrictions in this state,
but it feels that the legislature should
be prohibited from "contracting away
the right to tux anything or person
whatsoever, from discrimination between
persons or property similarly situate,
from imposing any taxes whatsoever for
\he benefit of any private or corporate
interests, and that property of a strictiy
public character, the instrumentalities of
government and property supported en
tirely by contributions from the general
public and not owned or operated for
profit should be exempted from tax
•The opinion is further expressed by the
commission that the constitution should
contain a provision prohibiting the ex
penditure of public funds except for
strictly public purposes, and that amend
ments such as these "would result in
striking the shackles from the hands of
our law makers, and. while compelling
them to deal honestly and fairly with all
men, would still permit them to meet
modern and progressive conditions with
modern and progressive laws."
Work Is Wall Done.
Governor M. E. Hay has received a
report from G. W. Bullard, a Tacoma
architect, whom he sent to make an in
spection of the work on the state armory
at Bellingham, according to which the
contractor is doing the work in an
efficient and satisfactory manner. It
was charged by the captain of a com
pany of the national guard at Belling
nam that the walls of the armory were
not being constructed according to the
STEPTOE'S PUBLIC SCHOOLS
Fine Time Christmas Eve--Money
Raised for Science.
T. F. Cabler, principal of the Steptoe
schools, was in Colfax Monday. The
schools of Steptoe, said Mr. Cabler, had
a fine time Christmas eve, putting on
"Miles Standieh" (dramatized) in con
nection with Christmas carols. The pro
ceeds netted |40, which will go towards
buying a compound microscope for the
science department of the High school.
Steptoe, although but a burg at this
writing, is surrounded by a rich farming
constituency, hence the fine schools main
tained there. The large brick school
building stands out like a monument
under the shadow of Steptoe butte, a
historic landmark in this part of the
Inland Empire. Four large rooms fill
the building. Three teachers are em
ployed. Steptoe baa had an accredited
High school for two years, and like
everything else in the Palousn expects to
grow. It is located in one of the beauty
spots of this region, of which there are
FARMERS MEET HERE TUESDAY
F. E. & C. U. Request All Unions to
Be Represented Then.
The next county convention of the
Farmers' Educational & Co operative
Union of America will be held in Colfax
next Tuesday, January 3, instead of the
7th, as previously announced. Election
of officers and other matters of im
portance will come up at that time,
hence a full attendance is requested.
It is also understood that the union in
a body, or through a committee, will
appear before the county commissioners
at this time in regard to the clarifica
tion of Whitman county, they being in
favor of its reduction to the eighth from
the seventh claws, where it is now. This
is a "burning question" at this time, bs
it means the reduction of salaries of all
county officers if the clans rrductioD
takes place. It is further understood
that if the commissioners fail to act the
farmers will take the matter into court
for judicial investigation. It is a matter
that is much discussed among all classes
of citizens, with varying expressions of
Structural Steel Shipped.
Word was received last week by
County Engineer McCaw that the struct
ural Bteel for the south end (Cooperlake)
bride wag ready for shipment, hence we
may look for its arrival about three
weeks from that date. The south end
bridge will be an exact counterpart of
the bridge at Pullman, only a trifle
longer, which is said to be solidly put
together besides being attractive in ap
pearance. The bridge here is badly
needed, the traffic over it being the
heaviest of anr bridge in the county.
We are assured that work will be pushed
to completion when the structural steel
Ben Burgunder Seriously 111.
Ben Burgunder was stricken the first
of the week with what is thought to be
nervous dyspepsia, and is confined to his
home in consequence. The nature of the
malady will probably be made more
clearly apparent in a few days. It is
thought to be the outcome from a fall
he sustained about a year ago, when he
struck his head on the pavement and
was in a semi-conscious condition for
several hours and confined to his home
for some weeks. Mr. Burgunder's friends
hope for bis speedy recovery.
A Double Celebration.
Mrs. J. E. Minnis and Mrs. R D.
Shearer are two ladies of Colfax that
enjoyed a double celebration Christmar,
Christmas is the birthday anniversary of
each lady, hence along with the Christ
mas festivities come the joys connected
with the most notable event of life—the
day when one is born. Mrs. Shearer
gave a free dinner to all of her boarders
in honor of the doubie event, while Mrs.
Minnis was surrounded by several friends
at the same time, where good cheer and
plenty to eat was much in evidence.
Elberton's New Woodman Hall.
Through a clerical error last week
Woodman hall at Eiberton was
made to read at Endicott. Eiberton is
planning to have a big celebration at
the dedicatory services of the new hall,
which will take place about the 14th of
next month. John Pattison of Spokane,
head manager, will deliver the principal
address, and the Spokane degree team
will put on the "Austin Side Degree."
Eiberton is to be congratulated on this
latest addition to civic adornment.
Presents Still Coming to Hand.
As showing the congestion of express
packages during Christmastide eight ex
press care passed through Col fax for
Portland, in rapid succession, loaded to
fall capacity, for distribution, the clerical
force being unable to handle it en route.
This is something, in all probability,
that never occurred in these parts be
fore and may not be witnessed again for
a long time. Delayed Christmas pack
ages are coming to hand every day, both
through the express and poßtoffice*.
COLFAX, WASHINGTON, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 30 !910.
BUILT IN SOUTH END
Citizens Tired of Waiting for
the Steel Structure.
Parents Fearful Lest Children Come
in Contact With Fractious Teams
Crossing the Temporary Struct
ure Built Last Spring.
O. 11. HortOD baa the contract and
commenced work Wednesday on a foot
bridge over the South Palouse in the
eonth end (Cooper lake), the work tak
ing place on the east Bide of the street in
direct line with the sidewalk both ways.
The new steel bridge contracted for by
the county commissioners months ago,
which should hare been completed ere
this, has hung fire bo long that citizens
have become impatient. After the flood
period of last spring a temporary struct
ure was thrown across the stream just
below where the permanent structure is
to stand, but it was built narrow, just
wide enough for a team to pass over
conveniently, leaving little room for
pedestrians. Parents, however, have
not been satisfied with the existing con
dition of things, fearful lest their child
ren come in contact with fractious teams
in passing over this temporary structure
This feeling wbb still further intensified
after the schools were opened later in the
season, many children being compelled
to paes to and fro over this bridge to
The new footbridge is being well put
together. It will consist of two 60-foot
spans, a 16-foot approach at the north
end and a 10 foot approach at the south
end. It will be eight feet wide in the
The bridge is being boilt by subscrip
tion and will cost $300, most of which
Mr. Melrose Having Good Time.
Word was received from W. H. Melrose
the other day, who left Colfax several
weeks ago to spend three months in
London and other parts of England, his
native country. He spoke of having
seen King George and the queen, and,
better still, of beholding the American
war vessels which were in English waters
at that time. The parade of the Ameri
can marines through the streets of
London created quite a stir.
Bootlegger in the Toils.
Bud Gordon was arrested at Qarfield
last Saturday night on the charge of
bootlegging. Be was placed under f 500
bonds to appear before Judge Neill of the
superior court Wednesday, which he did,
when the case was postponed until to
morrow. The bibulous Gordon, accord
ing to reports, was placed in the Gar
field calboose Friday night for disorder
ly conduct, but was bailed out by his
wife, only to be rearrested.
Brick Laying Going On Apace.
The Hill brick, corner Main and Upton
streets, has reached the second story and
begins to show its many good qualities.
It, in connection with the Codd brick
adjoining, make a big change in the ap
pearance of things from the fire of last
Fourth of July. Now, when Mr. Reid
puts up his concrete blocks building ad
joining the Codd brick on the north, the
foundation of which is in place, it will
make a block quite in contrast with the
wooden structures which formerly stood
HOW TO WALK IN THE HOBBLE SKIRT— WEAR TWO OF 'EM.
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I NEVER WOULD HAVe OF ™ESE SKIRTS. <QjjV /\4W
BEEW ABLE TO DO THIS. | ***
Cupid's Aim Is Sure.
Weddings took place thick and fast in
Oakesdale Christmas. Paul E, Bliss and
Miss Grace Murphy were married at the
home of the bride's parents in that burg.
T. F. Blakemore to Grace Blackman, at
the home of the bride's parents south of
town. The groom is a prosperous young
farmer, and the happy couple will reside
on a ranch near Oakesdale. Roy V.
Perringer to Miss Grace Porter, at the
home of the bride's parents in Pendleton,
Oregon. The fourth marriage was that
of Miss Mac Smith, only child of Mr.
and Mrs. C. H. Smith, to Joseph M.
Snapp of Spokane.
Marriage licenses have been issued by
the county auditor to the following:
Fred Cooper and Mary Lingg, both of
Wilbur Nelson of Portland, Oregon,
and Altba B. Hodgen of St. John.
Paul E. Blise and Grace Murphy, both
John F. Carman and Helen G. McClure,
both of Garfield.
George Litzenberger of Endicott and
Jalia Weitz of Penawawa.
Preston E. Farrington of Farmington
and Mabelle C. Harris of Garfield.
William Lamb and Nina B. Bousman,
both of St. John.
Hotel Whitman Changes Hands.
Another change is announced in the
management of the Hotel Whitman.
Ed R. Bonney, who recently assumed
charge of the fjotel, relinquishes on the
Ist, to be succeeded by J. C. Hethering
ton. We are not advised uf the future
movements of Mr. Bonney, but presume
he has a location in view somewhere
else, as he is an old hand at the business
Exploiting Coal Properties.
John A. Lyons, an old time resident of
Colfax, but now living near Spokane,
was in town the last of last week,
mingling with former neighbors and
friends. Mr. Lyons is heavily interested
in the Midway (B. C ) coal fields, and,
like Colonel Sellers, says there's "millions
in it." It looks good, to say the least.
The Poultry Exhibit.
The second annual exhibit of the Whit
man County Poultry & Pet Stock Asho
ciation, January 9 to 14 inclusive, is at
tracting wide attention and no doubt
wi'l be largely attended. Every part of
Whitman county will be represented,
and, if reports are trustworthy, adjoin
ing counties will be on hand with the
Is Greatly Improved.
The friends of air and Mrs. August
Seiler of Four Mile valley will be glad to
hear that she is improving and will soon
be around again. Mrs. Seiler has bad
inflammation of the bowels, and has
been a very sick woman for several
Old Timer Puts in Appearance.
Justin Baird, a former Colfaxite, who
is now in business in the Wallowa valley,
Oregon, is in Colfax and expects to re
main until after' New Year's. Mr. Baird
has not been here before for six or seven
Mrs. E. B. Smith entertained a small
party of ladica Thursday afternoon, in
honor of Mrs. S. A. Mitchell and Mrs
Howard Long, of Spokane. Five hun
dred was played.
Concert Paid Well.
The Ladies' Aid of the M. E. church
realixed $20 as their share of the pro
ceeds from the concert given by the"
Williams Jubilee Singers at the church
Wednesday evening of last week.
—Rehse in St. Paul Pioneer Press.
A Few Changes Noted in Auditor's
and Treasurer's Offices.
When S. M. McCroskey assumes the
duties of county auditor next month he
will retain a portion of the present
force. B. F. Manring of (iarfield will be
clerk of the bonrd of county comuiis
eioners. Mips Mary J. Oliver will be
retained as index clerk and office deputy,
a poeitiou she bat) occupied for several
years, passing through republican and
democratic administrations alike. Miss
Margaret Price and Miss Mary J. David
eon will be retained in their present po
sitions. Miss Dora Schulerud of Tekoa
will be stenographer. Miss Dilla Carr,
Miss Helen Morriseey and |Miss Winifred
Codd will also be connected with the
office. E. D. Eldredge, deputy auditor,
will be retained, at leait for the present.
J. O. Patterson will be book-keeper.
County Trewurer elect Duncan will
retain E. J. Wilcox, and will take with
him from the auditor's office Roy Smith
and J. G. Patrick.
The other county officers were re
elected and all deputies will remain ex
cept as heretofore announced.
THE BROADVIEW DAIRY.
Rosalia the Horns of Mammoth
Passengers over the Inland road be
tween here and Spokane cannot hare
failed to notice, passing through Ro
salia, the great Broadview dairy and all
connected with it, the largest in the
Pacific Northwest. A correspondent at
Rosalia, describing the Broadview dairy,
has this io say:
"Building on the Broadview dairy,
which was destroyed by fire last March,
has ceased for the year. Four long
barns have been constructed, where 800
cattle are housed. The barns taper from
a large central hay loft in which, when
completed, 2000 tons of hay can be
"Twelve hundred gallons of milk are
shipped from the dairy to Spokane daily.
It is the largest establishment of its kind
in the entire west. Ed Flood is at the
head of the Rosalia branch.
"All of the buildings are fitted with
carriers, fine ventilation and a pipe
system for cleaning and the prevention
"There are 30 men steadily employed
at the barns, most of them milkers;
while thus engaged they wear white
flannel suits and caps. Before milking
each cow is thoroughly washed and
curried. Examination for tuberculosis
is made twice every year.
Keep the Milk Clean.
"Regarding the milk Mr. Flood said:
'It is most important that the process of
milking be a very clean one and that
the milk be cooled as quickly as possible
and kept at a low temperature, so as to
keep bacteria from working, and thus
the milk from souring. All the milk is
filtered through cotton and cooled in
"Following is Mr. Flood's estimate of
the amount of feed given a cow each
day: Alfalfa hay, 10 pounds, 8 cente;
corn silage, 35 pounds, 6 cents; wheat
shorts, 5 pounds, 7 cents; wet mash, 20
pounds, 6 cents; oat straw, 5 pounds, 1
cent—making a total cost of 28 cents
Legislators Being Provided For.
To serve the convenience of members
of the next legislature the commercial
bodies of Olympia are constituting them
selves an information bureau in the
matter of securing accommodations in
way of board and rooms. Communica
tions are being sent to all the members
and the association says it hopes to
see that all are treated fairly.
Miss Oliver Entertained.
Mißß Margaret Oliver entertained the
H. S. C. Club Saturday afternoon, sew
ing occuping most of the time of the
young ladies. Sewing will not become a
lost art, as feared by many, if the same
spirit ie tbown by others an is exhibited
by the H. 8. C. Club. Elaborate refresh
ments were served.
Schools Closed Till January 3.
The public Hchoole of Colfax closed
last Friday, to remain closed until next
Tuesday, January 3 The Boy Scouts,
assisted by Superintendent Payne, die
tributed gifts and provisions to families
Congregational Ladies' Aid.
The Ladies' Aid Society of the Con
gregational church will meet next Thurs
day, January 5, at the home of Mrs. W.
R. Anderson. A full attendance is re
The two children of Mr. and Mrs. R.
P. Hill, who have been confined to their
home with sickness for several days, are
reported convalescent and on the mend.
Words of Appreciation.
We desire to express our sincere ap
preciation for the many acts of kindness
shown to us by oar friends during our
Mb axd Mrs. J. H. Barker.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
CHRISTMAS AS SEEN
IN PALOUSE COUNTRY
All Records Broken in re Re
ceipt of Presents.
Merchants of Colfax Report Large
Trade--Express and Postoffioes
Nearly Swamped With Business
• -Many Notable Reunions.
Everybody in and around Colfax en
joyed Christmas. At leant, if anything
to the contrary existed it was not ap
parent evea to the critical observer.
Saturday the streets were crowded with
shoppers, and merchants had their bands
full to wait on the crowds, extra clerical
help being observed in the stores. All
mercantile establishments report heavy
sales—one of the heaviest in the history
of the town.
It was at the postoffiee, however,
where the greatest rush was observed.
Postoffice officials declare that registered
packages and the registered mail busi
ness generally eclipsed anything ever
seen here before. Kach incoming train
brought large quantities of mail, that
kept those connected with the ollice busy
to handle. One lot would hardly be dis
posed of before the arrival of a new lot,
and thus it continued for two days.
And the outgoing business wan fully nu
The express office wbr another busy
place. Package* came and left by the
wagon load. To the onlookf-r it looked
as though everybody got something,
with many things thrown in in payment
of compound interest.
While Sunday wan the real ( brirttmae
Monday was the legal holiday, and both
days were observed.
Colfax can blho • record many family
reunions, where not only the • hri-t ihhh
tree was in evidence, but good cheer,
good fellowship and plenty to eat wah
manifest. The programs announced at
the various churches were fully carried
out, the heart-* of the little ones- being
made particulwrly happy at these * a h
eringe. Santa Claus saw that no little
one was neglected.
We of the bountiful Paiouse country
have reason to look with feelings of
pride on the closing days of the year
1910. Such evideuces of ple&ty on every
band should drive away pessimism and
encourage us in the onward journey of
Grief may sadden a few hearts, as it is
likely to do at all times, but it is not
from want or the lack of the bounties
and fullness of nature.
Are Licensed to Teach.
From Olympia, under date of Decem
ber 23, teachers' certificates have been
issued from the office of the state super
intendent to the following named per
sons residing in Whitmnn county: M A
Crumbaker, Leoora Chapman, Emma
Easte, Leonard Heapby, Lelia Hnines,
Cora Kenedy, Laura O Mallery, Vernon
F McPherron, George Ornisby, H A
Shannon, J F Shannon, W E Wells, W
Leroy Wylie, Clara Jaqua, Elizabeth
Parmalee, Edward Kirke Ryder, Charles
E Russum, Ethel I Aiken, Eva M Carey,
William Waldo Dixon, Luther Giles,
Nellie M Hughey, Myrtle Jones, Ea rle B
Martin, Minnie Maria Mace, Myra L
Mack, Gertrude Morriasey, Helen M
Morrissey, E F Morris and Lettie.
Salvation Army's Active Christmas.
The Salvation Army gave the jail boys
a little treat Christmas aod they ap^
predated it much. The poor children of
town were not forgotten either. The
hall was packed to the doors Monday
night and everybody S'-prned happy.
The army wishes to thank the many
friends who helped to bless and cheer
others. Saturday niebt they will give a
social to pass away the old year. All
are invited to come.
Inland's New Tim* Card.
The Inland electric road between here
and Spokane has issued a new time card,
which went into effect last Tuesday
(27th). Trains now leave Colfax at
8:10 a. m., 12:10 p. m and 4:05 p. m.
Arrive at Spokane at 11:05 a. na., 2:51
p. m. and 6:50 p. m. Trains south
bound leave Spokane at 7:50 a. m.,
12:55 p. m. and 6:15 p ra. Arrive in
Cjlfax at 10:35 a. m., 3:35 p. m. and
9:05 p. m.
Cards are in show windows announcing
that revival meetings will be held in the
M. E. church, beginning the first day of
the new year. Hey. N. M. Jones will
have charge of these meetings, assisted
by Ellis Laird as chorister. Mr. Jones
is an earnest, eloquent and convincing
speaker, and no doubt will make the
series of meetings planned to take place
interesting, effective and conducive of