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THE COLFAX GAZETTE
BrAMWBM. BltOH , PCBLIBHERB
Office in Pioneer Block. Telephone Main 141
Established in 1877. Entered at the Colfax
poetofli'-p an second olam mail matter.
SUBSCRIPTION RATB9. IN ADVANCE:
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IJA Vl n H tn'B or 9ome earlier date appears
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scripti n was paid has expired, and renewal is
Ottleial Paper of the City of Colfax.
O. R & N. TIME UARD.
To Spokane 19J0>m. 10:15 a.m. 2:10 p.m.
To I'endlt'ton 10:15 am. 7:20 p.m.
To Portland 12:10 a.m.
Houi vi(K-oow. 9:55 a.m. 6:15 p.m.
ToMicnw 10:4 i a.m. 7:15 n.m.
S. & I. TIME CARD.
Lv. Colfax 8-.10 a.m. 12:10 p.m. 4:05 p.m.
Ar. Co fax. 10:85 a.m. 3:35 p.m. 9:05 p.m.
The Gmette wishes all its readers a
Happy New Tear,
Next Monday will be a legal holiday,
then look out forward to the Fourth of
The days are not appreciably longer,
but we have the satisfaction of knowing
that we have passed the divide.
Opie R^ad, author and entertainer, is
soon to appear at Rosalia, under the
management of the Rosalia Entertain
ment Club. Why not arrange for Read
to come to Colfax?
The purse strings were opened (or
Christmas this year as never before.
Because they are temporarily tightened
again is no sign that the bottom has
dropped out of the financial world.
Uncle Sam places our wheat crop for
1910 at $19,970,000. The 676,000
acre* of winter wheat yielded 13,858,000
bushels, averaging 20 5 bushels per
acre, the price December 1 being placed
at 78 cents; total value $10,809,000.
The 810,000 acres of spring wheat yield
ed 14 5 bushels per acre or 11,745,000
bushels in all; total value at 78 cents
per bußhel $9,161,000.
Rtate banks in Washington increased
their deposits more than $3,000,000 in
the period between September 1 and
November 16, according to the report
of the state bank examiner, just issued
The increase in total deposits was near
ly $10,000,000. Spokane was a good
second to Seattle in the total standing
with $11,886,771, while Tacoma came
third with deposits of $7,314 352
Seattle had $34,986,898 at the same
The lawyers of Snohomish county
want another superior judge. That's
nothing strange. Attorney General W.
P. Bell is in a receptive mood to accept
the appointment. The incoming legis
lature will probably be asked to create
other judgeships. It would seem to be
the part of economy as well as states
inanship to switch some of the counties
and districts around so that legal busi
ness could be attended to without fur
ther burden to taxpayers.
The Tacoma News is moved to remark
that it "really looks as if the coming
session of the legislature will endeavor
to cut expenses by reducing patronage
and appropriations " It is hoped that
the good intentions will be carried out.
The legislature, at the start, should be
gin by reducing the number of employes
connected with that august body., [Here
"tofore the employes have equaled, if it
did not surpass, the number of members
of the legislature. A reform at the be
ginning by reducing legislative employes
to the real needs of that body may be
an incentive to inaugurate reforms in
other departments of the government.
The usual demands will probably be
made to create new counties, increase
the number of judge*, to appropriate
big sums for public institutions,fbut it
does not follow that because things are
asked for they should be granted. It
b >ould be shown that they are absolutely
needed. The extravagant and reckless
appropriations that characteriied the
proceedings of the last legislature should
be avoided. We believe it will be.
North Yakima, Kennewiek, Wenatchee,
Cbelan, the Palooeeand other great fruit
centers will hardly relish the attempt of
certain interests in Spokane]to claim or
insinuate that everything hereabouts
comes from that particular locality. The
Spokane Apple Show seemed all right,
which the localities named in part made
possible. Apples exhibited at Spokane
were taken to Chicago and exhibited
there. Now we hear whispers coming
from the East telling how good "Spokane
apples" look to them, and a word of com
mendation of "Spokane soil,"' as well as
the desire of many to settle in the "Spo
kane country." Of course we know
where this all comes from. It] would
seem that Spokane is big enough and
rich enough, and ought to be generous
enough, to let the different interests and
localities of the great Inland^" Empire
alone without attempting to gobble up
the entire country under the generic
name of Spokane. The Palouse country,
the Big Bend, the region along fthe
Columbia River, the Yakima valley, the
Spokane valley have each distinctive
features, a greatness unto themselves,
all lying within the region known as the
Inland Empire. It is misleading to call
it the "Spokane country," which is done
for selfish and ulterior purposes.
COLFAX GAZETTE, COLFAX, WASHINGTON, DECEMBER 30 1910.
Cats vs. Gophers--I» It a Fake?
A. Los Angeles dispatch of December
23 says that members of the humane
society of that city were considerably
excited when they received from Albert J.
Randall of Okanogan county, this]state,
a request for 5000 cats. He wants them
for strictly legitimate purposes, however.
The farmers of the Okanogan ask for the
cargo of cats to assist them in driving
gopher* from their ranches. The? want
them as hunters. Gophers are making
inroads on m*ny Okanogan farms and
Randall has bit upon the idea of saving
the gardens and farm lands by import
ing household pets from those cities that
may be overstocked. The dispatch fur
ther states that "no definite arrange
ments have been made for the collection
of the tabbies, but this is a golden op
portunity for L)s Angeles to ingratiate
itself into the lasting favor of a great
If not, why not. If the Randall ex
periment proves successful^ other parts
of the Inland Empire may adopt the
"cat" route to rid itself of the gopaer
nuisance. In this part of the Palouse,
by courtesy, they go by the name of
squirrels; it. the Dakotas and the prairie
regions of Canada they bear the sug
gestive title of "flipper tails." They are
all one aud the same, and are a nuisance
to the farmer. Here in Whitman county
thousands are killed every year with
guns and thousands more are destroyed
by poisons of different kinds used in
divers ways. But still the gopher
squirrel-flipper tail thrives and |tiiulti
plies, coming out of his hole in the
spring fat, sleek and ready to contest
his claim as being the originaljowoer of
the soil, native and to the manner born.
We admire his staying qualities, albeit it
may spell havoc to the raiser of the
cereal grains, as well as the truck
We shall look upon the cat experiment
in Okanogan county with deep interest.
If successful in exterminating the]t>quirrel
pest it will pay farmers of the Palouse
to import cats, of which plenty may be
had in any of the large cities. But to
an outsider the plan looks fishy.
A pamphlet of 13 pages,.containing
an address on "Conservation" delivered
by J. J. Browne of Spokane at the Idaho
Bankers' Convention at Idaho Falls,
Idaho, last June, is a document that has
just reached us, and deals with the sub
ject in a clean-cut and forcible manner.
It should be in the hands and carefully
read by every citizan. The subject of
conservation is not fully understood in
all particulars; in other words, it has
been befogged and clouded by|politicians
with an axe to grind on the^ one hand,
and misinterpreted by theorists and
would-be reformers on the other. Mr.
Browne deals with the question from the
stand point of a business man, with a
true understanding of the uaes of con
servation in the development^ of our
Western country. The conservation
ideas of some people would mean ob
struction to development of many latent
rpsourcee in the far West, which are
clearly pointed out in the address of Mr.
Browne. All patriotic people-are con
servationists. It will come into its own
when the politician reaches the end of his
string, which is certainly near at hand.
Then we may hope for sane legislation
and for results that will be lasting.
Now if members of the legislature will
carry out their ante-election pledges
what a model legislative session we will
A Change of Tune.
Oh, doctor, when we do not have
A single pain or ache
We scoff at you and all the things
You mix for us to take.
But let us get the slightest touch
Of something like disease—
We fly to you at once and cry,
"Oh, doctor, help us. please!"
We contemplate complacently
These things when far away
And feel that always we will romp
Well as we are today.
A little pinching underneath
Our belt or pinafore
Is all we need to make us come
A-knocking at your door.
That's where you get your mighty drag.
You sit around and wait
And know that we will have to hike
To see you soon or late.
And then you rubber at o,ur tongue.
Ask where we feel so sore
And mutter as you shake your head
We should have come before.
'Tls not the whiskers on your face,
'Tis not the things you know.
That makes us when we need a friend
To you for comfort go,
That makes us trail you down the street
And stick to you like glue.
It's Just because we do not know
Another thing to do.
Deafness Cannot be Cured
by local applications, aa they cannot reach
the diseased portion of the ear. There is only
one way to cure deafness, and that is by con
stitutional remedies. Deafness is caused by an
inflamed condition of the mucous lining of the
Lustachian Tube. When this tube is inflamed
you have a rumbling sound or imperfect hear
ing, and when it is entirely closed, Deafness
is the result,and unless the inflammation can be
taken out and this tube restored to its normal
condition, hearing will be destroyed forever;
nine cases out of ten are caused by Catarrh,
which is nothing but an inflamed condition of
the mucous surfaces.
We will give One Hundred Dollars for any
case of Deafness (caused by Catarrh) that can
not be cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure. Send
tor circular free.
a i/u J-CHENEY & CO., Toledo, Ohio.
hold by Druggists, 75c.
Take Hall's Family Pills for constipation.
Soothes itchiue skin. Heals cute or
burns without a scar. Cures piles ec
zema, salt rh»um, any itching. Poan'e
Ointment. Your druggist sells it.
J. B. Brown sells the famous Aer
moter, the best windmills in the world
Phone Red 1521.
MANURING THE GARDEN.
Afork That Can Be Done In Winter to
Make It Productive.
Cabbage, onions and other gross
feeders require moA> manure than such
vegetables as peas or beans. Henhouse
droppin-s and hen manure are cold,
but very rich, and should be put in
large quantities on the plat where
you expert to plant onions, cabbage or
celery. Do not manure the potato
patch with hen manure.
Ashes are good for the oniou bed. as
they are for most vegetables, if prop
erly used, possibly being better for the
grape vines and strawberries, as these
plants require large amounts of pot
ash, says a writer in Farm Progress. I
have heard it said that tomatoes do not
need fertilizer, but I have not found
this true. Well rotted cow manure I
consider the best for plants requiring
warm soil, as the tomato, eggplant,
okra and pepper. Peas and beans will
require some manure, but less than
any other vegetables. Lima beans will
stand considerable fertilizing.
Stable and farm manure is better
for the garden than commercial fer
llizer, because it brings out a better
mechanical condition of the soil, en
abling it to stand both drought anil
excessive wet much better when i!
contains leaved vegetation. In case of
beans or sweet potatoes, for instance,
rotted straw, which contains but little
elements of fertility, is ample because
it is more essential to keep the soil
loose and moist than to manure exces
I break the pardon in the fall and
apply manure in the winter, harrow
ing it in when the ground is dry in the
spring. The plat where late cabbage
and celery are to be grown should be
manured heavily and replowed late in
the spring after the weeds have
Every one should compost every
available bit of manure. Build a rail
pen in the garden, and into this throw
all the ashes and trash about the place
that will rot and become fertilizer.
Pour the wash water into it. for it
has some value. The pile will be
ready to scatter over the garden in the
There Is a place for commercial fer
tilizer, too, thouph I use it sparingly.
Two hundred pounds to the acre on
the strawberry bed at blooming time
will work wonders in both yield, qual
ity and color.
If your neighbor's crops are bet
ter than your own don't be too
proud to discuss ihem with him and
find out why if possible. Then
strive to raise better crops.
An Effective Farm Gong.
Get a disk from an old disk plow
and drive a bolt through it into the
top of a post as
shown in the sketch.
Then bore a small
hole through the
handle of a hammer
and fasten it with
a twenty-penny nail
to the post about
six inches from the
top. A twelve foot
post set eighteen
inches into the
ground is a bout
right. This gives
you a first class
serviceable far m
gong. — Farm and
Keeping Cabbage In Fall.
Early in December turn each head
over to the north and bank the soil
over the stem and base of the head.
leaving merely the top exposed. Some
make the mistake of turning the heads
south, and the heads will be certain to
get damaged, for the stem and base of
the head are the most tender parts,
and these will be to the north, while
the morning sun will strike the open
head to the south when frozen and
damage it, says Progressive Farmer.
The Corn Knife.
A jrood corn knife makes the work of
catting corn easier. One with a strap
for the wrist relieves the ache won
The Hum of the Hive.
Economy in the use of foundation is
wasteful, and it is a poor practice to
put first strips or slatters of founda
tion in the section boxes, for it is an
indisputable fact that a full sheet of
foundation iii each section box means
not only their ready acceptance by the
bees, but also the building of straight
By selection and restriction in the
matter of queens we can improve our
bees just as we can other stock, and
there is always present in every apiary
some choice queen far ahead of the
others which will give us most excel
lent quoens for requeening.
Don't keep bees unless you mean
to give them the proper rare and at
tention. If you can't do that you had
better leave some one else keep the
bees and buy your honey from him.
A man who knows "all about bees"
and does not believe that anything
more can be sained by reading bee
Journals, books on bees, etc., will soon
be fir behind the age. i
Thr> present improved system of man
agement requires that hives should not
Too near («i<h other. There
should be at least six feet between
them, and ten feet would be a prefer
Be sure that your bees have a good,
prolific Italian queen and the ants will
not bother them.
horrent—Kive boune keeping rooms
for rent. Inquire of South Knd Grocery
House for rent. Whitman Realty Co.,
Wanted—Description and price of land
lor sale from owners only. State loca
tion and terms. Address Lock Box 696,
E. K. HANNA. R, M. HANNA.
Ilaiina & Hanna
ATTORNEYS AT LAW-Office: Bellinger
building; General Practice, Civil and Crim
inal; 'phone Main 91.
K. L. McCroskey
ATTORNEY AT LAW. Offices over the
Firßt Savings & Trnst Bank. Telephone
JOHN PATTISON F. L, SToTLEK PAUL PATTISON
Pattisou, Stotler & Pattison
ATTORNEYS AT LAW. Office in Fra
J. Hugh Sherfey
ATTORNEY AT LAW-Office, room 3,
Pioneer block ; probate practice a specialty
Phone, Red 831.
Dr. J. A. Balsiger
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON- Rooms
6 and 7, over Barroll & Mohney'a store. Tel.
Main 81; Residence Tel. Main 1371. Office
hours, 9to 12 a. m.; Ito sp. m.
Dr. A. E. Stuht,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON. 0. R.
ft N. physician. Spokane k Inland sur
geon. Office over Hamilton's drug store.
R. J. Skaife,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON. Offioe
second floor front in new Lommasson build
ing, Main street.
Dr. Ida Bryson
OSTEOPATH-Graduatf of the American
School of Osteopathy, Kirkßville, Mo. Lo>
oated in Schmuck block, 320 Main street.
Dr. John Benson,
HOMOEOPATHIC PHYSICIAN. Speo
ialties: Chronic diseases and diseases of
women and children. Calls to any part of
the oounty promptly answered. Office o
Coif ax Hardware buildlce.
Dr. Wm. Clay Cardwell
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON. Rooms
14 and 15 Lippitt building. Office Hours, 9
to 12, 1 to 5; Sunday, 10 to 12; evenings by
appointment. Phones—Office, Main 1341;
residence, Black 1461.
Dr. W. B. Palaniountain
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON-Rooms 1
2 and 3, Lippitt Buildine. Phones: Office,
Main 581; Residence, Red 183. Office hours,
9 to 12 a. m., 1 to 5:30 p. m.
6. A. Chapman, D. D. S.
DENTIST. Graduate Ohio College Dental
Surgery. Office, rooms 10 and 11 Lippit'
J. F, Tifft, D. M. D.
DENTIST. Parlors in Binnard Block.
'Phone, Main 691.
Wm. A. In man,
ATTORNEY AT LAW. Will do all kinds
of legal business. Offica, Room 2, Pioneer
J. N. Pickrell,
ATTORNEY AT LAW Office In Frater
nity blook, Rooms 4 and 5.
Charles R. Hill,
ATTORNEY AT LAW. Waite block.
Phone Main 811.
Golfax Meat Market
A. GERBER, Proprietor
FEESH AND CUBED MEATS
POULTRY AND FISH
Oysters in Season
Hides and Pelts Bought
119 Mam Street Phone Main 101
Goods that'have been under
water will not be sold to any
person without telling them
W. H. Lacev
Gazette advertisers talk to
people in the best homes in
the Palouse country.
1 884 For Twenty-Six Years 1910
Colfax National Bank
OF COLFAX, WASH.,
has shown a steady growth in capital and resources until now
its capital and surplus are $240,00000, and total resources
This success has been attained by constantly safeguard
ing the interests of its depositors through the most conserva
tive and careful management of its affairs by both officers
You are invited to open an account with this strong,
Alfred Coolldffe - President Chas. E. Scriber Cashier
A. F. McClaine - • - - Vice President D. C. Woodward - - - Assistant Cashier
A. OOOLIDGE R. L. MrCROSKEY H. G. DePLEDGE LLIS LAIRD
President Vice President Cashier Asst. Cashier
First Savings and Trust
of Whitman County %"IZ
Capital 150,000 Surplus $15,000 Reaourceß $400,000
Depository of the city of Colfax and Whitman
We pay 4 per cent interest, compounded se m
annually, on savings accounts.
We have paid $42,1*7.62 interest on savings ac
counts during the past five years.
We solicit the accounts of firms, corporations and
individuals. No account is too small to be appre
ciated, and none too large to be well handled.
We rent safety deposit boxes in our fire and
burglar proof vault at $2.00 and up, per annum.
If you hafre money to invest, see us.
If you wish to borrow, call on us.
If you will leave your money with us, we will do
the best for you.
COLFAX STATE BANK
Wishes its patrons and friends a
and a happy and prosperous
We wish for all our customers and friends
A Merry Christmas
EwJapmers State Bank
OF COLFAX, WAS HINCTON
Capital $ ( OO,OOO.«O. Surplus and Profits «25,©©0.0©
The People's Bank
THE COLFAX GAZETTE
Su^or.ptW r rloe , s , OO tlle Year Adwoe
and a prosperous