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FOR GAZETTE READERS
Convicts at State Penitentiary
Whitman County Has Its Share at
the State Penal Institution--Fees
Collected and Salaries Paid in
Whitman County for Year 1910.
Olympia, January 4 —The convicts on
hand in tbpßtare penitentiary at Walln
Walla on September 30, 1910, numbered
901. Of these 1H bad been committed
from W hitman county. On October 1,
1908, the total number on hand whs
1016, and the total number then on
hand from Whitman county wns 22.
During the intervening period 769 more
convicts were received, of whom 10 were
from Whitman county (one of the latter
being a returned wapO, and the total
number discharged was 805. Of those
discharged 11 had been received from
Whitman county, and of the 69 to
escape three had been committed from
Whitman county. Of the total number
on hand 214 were serving terms for
burglary. 116 for grand larceny, 111 for
robbery, 76 for forgery and 38 for second
degree murder. Many other crimes are
listed for which sentences are being
served, but for no one of these did the
number of commitments exceed 30.
Seven boys aud two girls were com
mitted from Whitman county to the
state training school at Chehalia daring
the biennium ended September 30 last,
according to the report of the state
board of control, from which all these
figures are taken. The total number re
ceived at the Chehalis institution in this
time was .'144, of whom 259 were boys
and 85 were girls.
Fees Collected--Salaries Paid.
Justices of the peace, sheriffs, con
stables and clerks of court collected fees
and fines in this state during the year
1909 amounting to $304,184, according
to a statement which the state bureau
of inspection has compiled from the re
ports of county odicers for that year
In Whitman county alone $4744 was
collected and was received through the
following sources: Sheriff's fees, $1423;
clerk's fees. $3318.
For the same year the bureau has
compiled figures showing the cost of
running superior and justice courts, in
eluding the offices of clerks, sheriff** aud
prosecuting attorneys and the expense
of maintaining county jnils, which show
that throughout the etate the cost ex
ceeded oue million dollars and for Whit
man county alone amounted to $24,002.
The figures for Whitman county are as
follows: Superior judge's salary and
expenses, $5450; witnesses, $975; jurors,
$2700; bailiffs, $18(i; batidling insane,
$.'lO7. Of justice courts and constables
the expense was: Salaries and expenses
of justices of the peace, $55(5; couetubles,
$70 25. The sheriff's salary and ex
penses amouuted to J8449 and expense
of jail $967. The clerk's salary was
$3109 and his expends $453, and the
prosecuting attorney'- office was main
tained at an expense of $2769.
Anent the Hotel Inspector.
There are more than 1500 hotels in
this Htatt\ or au average of about 40 for
each county, according to the report of
the state hotel inspector. The inspector
recommends that hotels of <**0 rooms or
lees be required to pay but $5 for state
inspection. Under the present law hotels
of 120 rooms or more are compelled to
pay $10 He further recommeuds that
the word "transients" be strickeu from
the hotel inspection law, and that the
law be made to apply to any building
having more than 10 rooms devoted to
the lodging of persons.
A bill similar to the South Carolina
dispensary act is urged upon the attorney
general and he has been requested to
draft such a measure. The control of
liquor, both as to quautity and quality
aold, would under such a measure pass
into the bands of the state.
Let Us Try It.
A state commission, to take the place
of all the present state commissions, in
cluding the railroad commission, is pro
posed and the creation thereof will be
submitted to the legislature for consider
ation. Another plan is proposed by
which all public service corporations
would be placed under the jurisdiction of
the railroad commission, and a new com
mission organized to take over the
duties of the insurance commissioner
labor commissioner, state tax commis
sion, board of control, etc.
The legislature wili be asked by the
attorney general to pass a law which
will give the attorney general power to
file informations direct with superior
courts without the necessity of their
going through the hands of the county
attorneys. Under the present law the
attorney geueral is merely an adviser of
the later officials and delay results it is
Read in January Sunset Magazine—
"Los Angelep— Homeland," superbly il
luetrated in four colon*. "The Spell,"
by C. N. and A. M. Williamson, a thrill
ing California romance; now on eale all
news stands 15 cents.
COLFAX GAZETTE, COLFAX, WASHINGTON, JANUARY 6, 191!.
COMMISSIONER M'COY TALKS
Tells Why Taxes Are High and What
Has Been Done.
County Commissioner W. C. McCoy
last week issued a statement, which ap
peared io the Spokesman-Review of
December 29, explaining the reasons for
increase in taxation in Whitman county,
which, it would seem, ought to Bet the
matter at rest. Mr. McCoy's statement,
however, has been attacked by certain
lawyers of Clympia, bot the names of
the lawyers are not given in the dis
patch from Olympia. Mr. McCoy's state
ment in full follows:
Why Taxes Are High.
"Articles publiwhed in the Spokesman
Review in regard to the increase in taxes
in Whitman county are interesting and
instructive to the general public inter
ested in the question of taxes, but these
articles do not go far enough. The ar
ticles tell of the increase in taxes, and
are true, but the cause, of the increase
has not been told. Eferv one blames
the commisMont rs for high taxes, but
few people take the trouble to learn why
taxes are high.
"In the first place, the new law which
rf quires the county to raise by taxation
$10 for every school child in the county
between 5 and 21 years means more than
$ 100,000 a year that must be raised in
this way. That meant more than four
mills additional tax last year.
"Another thing is the state aid road
law. The commissioners are not re
sponsible for either of these laws, which
have done more than any other two
items to raise taxes in this county.
"Another item are the new roads and
new bridges built in the last two years.
This county has built more and better
bridges in the last two years than in 10
years before. In the commissioners'
office at Colfax are scores, if not hun
dreds, of petitions for new roads and
new bridges asked by the people and
they were disappointed if their petitions
were not granted and if they are granted
the people get 'sore' because taxes are
"If tbope who are making complaint
against the high taxes will come to our
office to investigate they will find that
the increased taxes are due to state laws
and the efforts of the commissioners to
give the people what they have asked
for in petitions for roads, bridges and
"While the valuation of Whitman
county's assessable property was in
creased from $24,000,000 in 1909 to
$37,000,000 in 1910 the levy was re
duced from 19 to 12 mills for state and
county purposes, so that the people will
really pay little, if any more, taxes than
"The flood last March destroyed more
roads and bridges than had been built
in several years aud every community
wanted its bridge rebuilt at once and
this has cost an enormous sum.
"In regard to the taxes of the Oregon
Railroad & Navigation company, the
service of the road was not assessed
The roadbed and rolling stock were as
sessed as being first class and we be
li^ve that we ctin sustain that conten
tion. It might be difficult to prove that
the service is first class, but that is not
Feed the Birds.
Now is the season of the year to feed
the birds. A few pieces of stale bread,
usually thrown in stoves in the cities, or
a few handfuls of wheat, that will never
be missed by the farmer, will tide bird
life over during cold snaps when the
ground is frozen and the birds have a
struggle for existence. And it will be
time well spent. This world would be a
dreary waste without the birds.
FROM HOT LAKE.
Returning Patient Well Pleased
Mr. S. E. Porter, who has been a pa
tient at the Hot Lake Sanatorium for
the past mx weeks, has the following to
say regarding that health renewing in
"Yes, I am well pleased with mv treat
ment and feel that the time and "money
spent while there is a good investment
I honestly believe that I am now abso
lutely free from rheumatism, a condition
I have not experienced for many months
lor weeks before going to the Hot Lake
Sanatorium there was not a moment in
which I was free from pain. Now I am
as pain free as a boy. The bathe there
are ail that is claimed for them. In fact
the entire institution is exactly as I had
been led to expect, with the exception
that everything is conducted on a much
larger scale. There are one hundred and
fafteen people employed there and the
building is six hundred feet long and
three stories high. Over ten thousand
patients were successfully treated there
last year and the day I left there were
over two hundred patients on the regis
ter. The great boiling mineral spring
which furnishes the heat for the entire
building as well as the bath house is the
largest and hottest in the known world
Daily nearly three million gallons of
highly charged boiling mineral water is
discharged. While there I saw men and
worn™ c? me »o pain drawn and
wrecked that they could not asßist
themselves, but after taking a few baths
were so relieved that thfy could walk
from their rooms in the sanatorium
proper to the bath house, a distance of
nearly two hundred yards. 1 could co
?hP HnVVT of- tbe day te!liD« ab««*
tbe blot Lake .Sanatorium, but it is
sufficient to say that I am glad that I
went there and can cheerfully recommend
toe Hot Lak» Snnatorium to mv friends
-Centralia News Examiner.
J B Brown sells the famous Aer-
GUY HEALTH OFFICER
SUBMITS HIS REPORT
Typhoid Fever Most Prevalent
of City Is Good.
At the council meeting Tuesday night
City Health Officer W. B. Palamountain
Hubmitted his report for the past year,
from which we excerpt liberally. Dr.
Palamountain submits these figurescon
cerning contagious diseases:
Scarlet fever, 5 cases, disease contract
ed in Colfax, all recovered.
Diphtheria, 5 cases, contracted in Col
fax, all recovered.
Chicken pox, 4 cases, contracted in
Colfax, all recovered.
Typhoid fever, 24 cases, contracted in
Colfax, 20 recovered, 4 died.
There were 44 deaths in the city dur
ing the year. Of these 14 were non
residents, most of them died in the
hospital aud several were county charges.
Causes of death are assigned as follows:
Typhoid fever 6, pneumonia 5, apo
plexy 4, heart disease 4, cancer 3,
tuberculosis 3, appendicitis 3, nephritis
2, enteritis 2, blood poisoning 1, hlood
diseases 2, gall stones 1, suicide 1,
senility 1 (93 years of age), peritonitis
1, still birth 4, jaundice of new born 1.
Typhoid Fever Most Prevalent.
Commenting on the above the doctor
says: '*It will be seen that we have suf
fered more from typhoid fever than from
all other contagious diseases combined,
and it has given a greater mortality than
any other disease. This is a new]and re
grettable condition, because typhoid fever
is a preventable disease. During the
past six years there have been no cases
of this disease in the sewered part of the
city among people using city water
There were a few cases where well water
was used. Following the flood of March
1 the health of the city was good. In
June the first case of typhoid fever,].wan
reported, in July 7 cases, in August 2
cases, in September 2 cases, in November
4 cases in one family, and in December 8
cases were reported."
Then follows a report on the city's
water system, which is familiar to ail
local readers. "I have investigated all
these cases of typhoid fever," continues
the doctor, "and find as follows: There
are cases in all parts of the city. Some
ase well water and some city water
Some use milk from different dairies and
some have their own cow. Some infec
tions have occurred in those who have
been out of the city and some who have
not been out of the city. Most of the
cases have arisen since and during the
timethecity water became contaminated
I believe it possible that surface water,
contaminated with typhoid germs from
the mill race and from the cases close to
the pipe line, got into the water supply
and caused this epidemic."
Sewer System Demanded.
The necessity of a sewer system in that
part of town is dwelt upou, something
that will undoubtedly receive the atten
tion of the new council.
"The South Palouse is still an eyesore,
it always has been," continues the due
tor, '"because many of our prominent
merchants insist upon making it a
dumping ground. The remedy is obvi
ous. More police duty in some parts of
the city and less in other parts will work
a great change.
"Considered as a whole the health of
the city is good, the death rate is low,
schools have not been interrupted be
cause of disease, the city in better sewered
than any city in the county, although
we need more, and in a short time the
water system will be good."
Work to Begin on Smith Road.
The county will soon begin work on
the O. B. Smith road, probably next
week, says Road Commissioner Bloom,
who was in town Wednesday. Accord
ing to Mr. Bloom's estimate approxi
mately $1200 will be spent in putting the
road in good shape. Some grading and
a rock cut, at a point about three miles
north of town, will be necessary. Three
stock chutes will be built. A surveyor
went over the road Wednesday to make
a more complete estimate of the amount
of work needed. This is the road that
has caused more or less strife ever since
the bridge across the Palouse, three miles
north of Winona, was washed out and
over which the county brought a con
demnation suit last spring. The people
liviug north of town, who have had to
travel over the private road that way
for two years, openiog numberless gates
each trip, will certainly rejoice when the
new read is ready for travel — vVinona
News, Dec. 30.
Will Hear 157 Appeals.
The state supreme court begins its
next term on the 9th. The trial calendar
shows 157 cases. VV hitman county has
one case on appeal set for January 9,
one case for February 12 and two cases
for February 14.
''Generally deiibitated for jearß. Hnd
sick headaches, lacked ambition, was
worn out and all run down. Burdock
Blood Bitters made me a well woman."
—Mrs. Cbas. Freitoy, Moosup, Conn.
Shirkey & Glaaer, graduate opticians.
CHECKING AUTO NUISANCES.
Live Towns Can Stop Offensss From
This Source if They Choose.
From at least two major points of
view earnest commendation is to be
given to any campaign against the au
tomobile smoke nuisance In streets
and also to the movement to compel
the operators of such vehicles to stop
spilling oil on the pavement or road.
Both these practices are Indisputably
unpleasant and offensive and probably
injurious and dangerous, and both are
susceptible of abatement. Then- can
ho no question of the right and power
of the health and police departments
to deal with such matters.
The occasional emission ( .f smoke
from automobiles is probably unavoid
able and excusable. But for a car to
run mile after mile with a dense trail
of acrid smoke pouring from it is not
excusable. It is not necessary, and if
it were it would constitute a pretty
strong argument for excluding the car
from the highways altogether. The
smoke is certainly exceedingly tin
pleasant to the senses, and in many
cases it may be positively injurious to
the visual and respiratory organs of
those who are exposed to it.
The spilling an.j slopping of oil on
the streets until they are saturated
with it and dotted with puddles of it
are also inexcusable nuisances. It
fills the air with a bad smell, it makes
the streets dangerously slippery to
walk on. and it often is a cause of
soiling and practically ruining cloth-
Ing and other articles. Now and then,
as iii the ease of smoke, a little oil
will, of course, get spilled on the
street. lint there is no reason for
any such wholesale effusion of it as is
to be observed in this city. Either a
little more care or the provision of
drip pans to catch it Is all that is
needed to abate the nuisance.
The other point of view from which
both these practices are to be regarded
is that of the selfish interest of those
who are guilty of them. It is a well
known fact that a smoking motor is a
motor which is being improperly used
and is therefore being injured. The
very conditions which cause the smoke
cause injury to the mechanism. Thus
the chauffeur who permits his car to
smoke is Injuring the car as well as
afflicting the public.
Of course in the other case the oil
which is poured on the street is oil
wasted, and that means increased ex
pense of operating the car. If the
abatement of these nuisances meant
increased expense to the owners or
drivers of cars it should still be in
sisted upon for the welfare of the pub
lic. But sinre. on the contrary, it will
mean a decrease of their expenses and
therefore the promotion of their own
good there can be no reasonable re
sistance or object inn to it.
The town authorities should be ever
vigilant against offenses of this char
acter. A concerted crusade minht bo
instituted by citizens of any town and
the offending automobile owners made
to answer fur their carelessness, for
carelessness it is and nothing else.
SAFE BUSINESS COURSE.
Pay Every Bill and Interest Account
When Due Is Good Advice.
"No man can do business of any
magnitude," said a retail man recent
ly, "or would care to. for that matter.
without credit, but the very ease with
which credit may be obtained may be
a pitfall and one into which a good
many retail merchants have fallen and
unless human nature changes are like
ly to fall iv the future.
"But there i.s one safe course to fol
low, which at least will prevent com
plications arising as a result of care
lessness, and that is to adopt a rule to
pay every bill and interest account
when it is due. Many a bill has been
let run over when to pay it would be
just as easy as to omit doing so, and
loose ends of debt accumulate in a
way that is surprising when a full
summing up is made of them.
"Then, too, it is true that if the
debts are left at loose ends some one
may take it into their heads to gather
the loose ends together and so tie up
the man who should have looked after
them. This may be a bad metaphor,
but it is certainly good logic.
"So, as I said in the beginning, the
best thing to do is to pay all bills
when duo. even if to do so yon shall
have to borrow the necessary money
wiili which to take care of them, since
doing so at least has the merit of con
centrating the indebtedness and plac
ing it where provision can be made
for its handling easily when opportu
nity offers to take it up."—Boot and
Advice to the Employee.
If you don't liko the way the boss
runs the shop then quit, but while
your salary comes from him be true
to him and swear by him and all that
he does and you will win in the long
run. If you have something to say
about the way the business is run that
you think could be improved don't tell
your boss' competitors, but tell him,
and it is likely that he will see that
you take an interest in the business
end give you an increase.
Get the Smile Habit.
Got the smile habit if you want
trade. What's the use ■of going
around with solemn face, like sonic
down in the hoe! undertaker? Just
as cheap to smile as it i.s to frown.
No extra charge unless you are foolish
enough to smile at the wrong time.
Don't frown: don't smirk. Just smile
and see how good it is.
Penalty For Delay In Street Work.
The city council of Newcastle. Ind..
has adopted a rule that provides a
heavy penalty for each day of street
Improvement work that remains in
complete after the specified time.
Fertilize Your Farms.
A manure spreader waft taken one day
last week from the Colfax Implement
Co.'a establishment destined for the
farm. It waß a reminder that the time
is approaching when oar wheat lands
muHt be fertilized, the same as i* done in
other sections of the country. This is a
matter that has been little thought of
in these parts. Our rich loam soil pro
duced regularly, abundantly, why bother
with the future? This is not written to
cause alarm, but it is clear that no soil
can be cultivated and last forever with
out fertilisation. Now is the time to
take bold of the matter and place the
manure that accumulates on the farm
back to the soil before it becomes en
tirely exhausted. I^nce we are glad to
note that the matter is beginning to re
ceive attention from the farming com
V. T. McCroskey Sells Remarkable
Pour a Few drop* of HYOMEI (pro
nounce it Hitjh-o me) into the hard rub
ber inhaler Hnd you can then breathe
into the lungn the very same antiseptic,
germ-killing air aH you would breathe in
the Australian forests of eucalyptus,
where catarrh is unknown.
And HYOMEI is so pleasant to use;
you'll like to use it; when you breathe it
the effect on the inflamed catarrh in
fected and germ ridden membrane is
soothing and healing.
In five minutes you get such wonderful
relief that you will know that at last
you have a cure for catarrh.
A HYOMEI outfit, which consists of
one bottle of HYOMEI, a hard rubber
pocket inhaler, a medicine dropper and
simple instructions for use, costs only
$1.00, and extra bottles of HYOMEI, if
afterward needed, cost only 50 centa.
HYOMEI is guaranteed to cure ca
tarrh, asthma, croup, bronchitis, coughs,
oolda, sore throat, or money back. HY"
OMElissoldby V. T. McCroskey and
leading druggists everywhere.
Live Stock Wanted.
I am in the market to buy hogs and
cattle and will pay the highest market
price. Will be in Colfax Friday and
Saturday of each week at the Hotel
Colfax. Either write or phone.
A. J. Logsdox.
To Our Customers.
To avoid the many chances of error
and loss of time iv handling our accounts
we have adopted the McCaskey Account
Register System. This system enables
us to carry out the duplicating and
forwardiug idea, thereby reduciug the
possibility of error to a minimum. With
each package you will not only receive
an itemized list of what there is in that
particular bundle and the total of same,
but also the total amount of your in
debtedness to us, and you can also tell
on your next bundle whether you have
been given credit for the amount that
you paid Please keep all lists or slips
until the proper credit has been recorded.
We have a number of sliphoiders for the
purpose and you can have one for
the asking. A short time ago we in
stalled a couple of cuff presses, enabling
us to do the cuffs on ladies' shirt waists
and men's shirts properly, making them
like new, and judging from the increasing
«• rade it has already found favor with
Our aim has always been to give our
customers the best service and work
We employ the best help we can get and
use the latest, bent and most up to date
Model Pteaii Laindky.
Thoroughbred Barred Plymouth Rock
Cockerels, price $2 50 each. Address
Mrs. Lottie Heise, Elberton, Wanh.
George W. Clous, optician, will ag;iin
visit Colfax, Thursday. Friday *nd Sat
urday, January 12, 13 and li and may
he found at Ripley's Pharmacy. He
will examine your eyes without ehnrg'
and (it them to your perfect satisfaction
If you need glasses or new lenses in your
frames, it will pay you to see him. " All
Good 2 acre tract one-half mile from
Colfax, tine house and barn, water in
house, plenty of fruit and berries, will
lease by the year at $20 per month.
Also 6 room modern house, nicely fur!
niHhed, close in, at $25 ppr month.
G. W. Libue & Co
Bilious? Feel heavy after dinner?
Tongue coated? Bitter taste? Com
plexion snllow? Liver nepds waking up.
Doan's Rpeulfts cure bilious attacks!
25 cents at any drug store.
jfmM>^%> THE "tw
' |PW^ PHOTOCRAPH
fW^^M i 8 bo full of ex
(//y^^OjK^. pression that real
f'fw'^N O 'y it>B turned
.A/ I head. We made
' aHgafc § *^c photograph, I
ll^ 4 S$ and it's our fault. !
ilSH^i^ ALL PHOTOS
&M3iPSp# FINISHED HERE
d^K^^BTi) ARE FULL OF
1 Have up make you '
J^^^^^H<s come "new photo
<jffiipy? v_*^Bf 1 graphs" to give to
tfi: yOur frien(^B- Y°u
jl yyj ~~ /^ can't imagine bow
I^=~-J Mf* 4) preciate them.
te^ T^^Sl C. M. lhiVall
TENNY ADV CO s *mo™ Blo<*
itnni Mut. uu. Spokane Wagh
heep the Gazette on file and are It*
authorized agents for advertisement*
Goods that have been under
water will not be sold to any
person without telling them
W. H. Lacev
GEO. L,. CORNELIUS
AUTOMOBILE AND BICYCLE HOSPITAL
Repairing ot aIJ kinds.
Opp. M»inS*re«t School OOLFAX
M. A. ROSE
Watches, Diamonds, Jew
elry and Silverware. A
large and complete stock
in each line. Watch in
spector for 0.-W. K. & N.
COLFM, - WASH.
Bensel Fuel Co.
Anthracite, Rock Springs
Chas. F. Bensel, Prop
Phnhe Main 401
Will store goods in brick wan-bonne,
corner Mill and Spring streets, on
first floor above flood danger; reason
able rate* made on household goods,
merchandise, pianos, etc.
Geo. M. Baker, Mgr-
Phone Main 1(>41
THE PROPER TIME FOR NEW HARNESS
is today. Do it now if jour present
hHrnens would be all the better for re
placing. Do it here where you are sure
THE QUALITY OF THE HARNESS,
where the price you pay represents* fnll
harness value to the last cent. At this
holiday season everybody feels likebeinc:
generous. Be *o to yourself, and just
beside, by (renting yourself to a new Pet
of harness from our collection.
COLFAX HARNESS CO.
(Suer-eHsor to P. H. SrrHvenn)
J. B. LORCH, MANACER
Start in the New Year right and buy
South End Grocery
By bo doing you will reduce your
living expenses for 1911. A trial
will convince you. Special premiums
dnripg January. Save the coupons
Main 41 Main 41 Main 41
We Haul Everything
Reed, Ripley & Co.
Express and Dkaymen
Office at Ripley Pharmacy
Phone Main 11
Take The Gazette and get
your moneys worth.