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I'.RAMWEI.L ItaOS,, PCBLISHKBS
Offioe in Pioneer Block. Telephone Main 141
KntV..iehp,l in 1877. Entered at the Colfax
pottofficp a« second climw mail matter.
SUBSCRIPTION KATES, IN ADVANCK:
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OtHcial Paper of the City of Colfax.
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To > endleton 10:15 am. 7:20 pm.
To Portland ... 12:10 a.m.
ttoui Moscow 9:55 a.m. 0:15 p.m.
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President Taft undoubtedly ftruck a
sympathetic cord when tie Bent the reei
prority agreement with Canada to the
nenatp asking for confirmation. It was
not expected to please everybody, an,
indeed, it wouid h a impossible to launch
any question <»f state expecting to pleuHe
everybody. Certain interents will be
affected, or tbiuk they will be affteted,
by th« proposed agreement and will be
forninst, of course. The. qutetion that
■bould govern is. Will it benefit the
greatest number without detriment to
the vital interests of any? It will prob
ably be found that broader trade rela
tionship, not only between Canada and
the United States but including the
South American republics as well, will
prove of mutual benefit.
Looking into the future the American
farmer has nothing to fear. If this
country grows in the next two decades
as it baa in the last two, and the pre
sumption iB fair that it will, instead of
being an exporter of wheat we will need
all w* raise for home consumption, if,
indeed, it will not be necessary to import
wheat and flour to supply our wants.
80 there is no need of spreading alarm
bo far as the wheat grower is concerned.
Most of the fruit used in Western
Canada at this time is shipped from the
Pacific coast states. R ciprocity will,
greatly increase trade in that regard
climatic conditions, except in favored
localities, notably the Similkameeu
country in British Columbia, being
against the extensive raising of fruit,
unless it be apples.
The question of wood pulp is a burn
ing question, it being clear to the most
casual observer that we must soon draw
on Canada for our supply.
Of course no one can expect to receive
favors without granting favors. To u-e
a legal term, be who asks equity must
do tquity. The agreement seems to be a
case of give and take, and as our im
ports into Canada are greatl" in excess
of our exports it would stem that we
have the best of the bargain.
The coal measures of Western Canada
are almost without limit. We want all
we can get of it at cheaper rates.
Reciprocity was a subject dear to the
heart of the late James G. Blame. His
efforts to establish reciprocity with the
South American countries would have
resulted in the trade of those countries
coming this way instead of going to
Europe as now, principally to Germany.
German statesmen grasped the situa
tion, and Germany has reaped untold
wealth through the fostering care given
in building up trade and establishing
friendly commercial relations.
A TOPOGRATHIC MAP.
The Gazette is in receipt of the new
government topographic map of tb'g
quadrangle, just completed by the Uaiteii
States geological survey at Washington.
This map represents by far the moat
complete survey ever made of this section
of the state It shows so clearly every
physical feature of the country covered
that the character of any part of the
quadrangle, as well as the shapes and
areas of the hills and valleys, can be
seen at a glance. The elevation of any
particular point in the entire area can
be easily determined. This relief of the
country is graphically shown by means
of brown contour lines, each one of
which represents a certain elevation
above the sea—that is, the traveler fol
lowing the course shown by one of these
•ontour lines will go neither up hill nor
down bill, but on a level. The elevation
indicated by every fifth line is shown by
figures on the map, and it is interesting
to determine the heights of different
points, by simply counting the contours
up or down from one of the marked
line*. It is easy to understand how
such a map is of prime value to the
engineer who may be laying out a rail
road or trolley route, a highway, a
drainage or irrigation system—in fact,
any piece of engineeriug work. The
water features of the quadrangle
streams, lakes, etc —are shown in blue,
with the same exactness of outline as
the land features. In addition to the
topography the map shows, in black, all
the works of man—roads, principal
bridges, towns, houses, etc.
The tupoarrapbic mapping done by the !
geological survey represents the highest
type of geographic work, and the maps
show substantially everything as it is on
the ground at the time of survey. In
making the survey of this particular
area, known as the Pullman quadrangle,
the topographers tramped over practi- '
cally every portion of the quadrangle, '
hundreds of miles being thus covered.
COLFAX GAZETTE, COLFAX, WASHINGTON, MATCH 3, 1911.
CIVIC IMPROVEMENT—No. 5.
Last week The Gazette had something to say about the im
provement of the business part of Main street in Colfax. To go
back to Mill street, which was referred to in our second article on
Civic Improvement, we are pleased to note that the city council has
taken the matter in hand, at the last meeting declaring the intent
to improve that street, beginning at the south side of Park street
and extending to the south side of Canyon street, also improving
Island, Upton, Wall, Spring and Canyon streets leading into it from
Main street, and giving notice that any person desiring to protest
against the same will be heard. The improvement, roughly esti
mated, will cost $i/,55°-
It is earnestly to be hoped that there will be no protest to this
improvement. The proposed improvement will add greatly to the
value of property on Mill street, as well as the cross streets to be
improved bisecting it east and west. It will revolutionize the ap
pearance of things. The new Methodist church, to be built of brick
and to be modern and up-to-date in every respect, will take the
place of the present structure corner Mill and Canyon streets. As
announced in The Gazette last week, the Knights of Pythias people
will build their new temple at the head of Spring street on Mill,
having bought the Middaugh property for that purpose. Both will
be notable structures, of architectural beauty, adding greatly to the
appearance of things in that part of the city. Mill street already
has some fine residences, with more expected to follow. It is essen
tial, therefore, that the street be improved to meet the demands it
is called upon to fill.
Mill street and the other streets noted above should be re
graded, paved, provided with cement sidewalks on both sides (sev
eral are now in place), cement curbs, etc., a work that will be last
ing, adding a hundredfold to the value of property. It will also be
an incentive for those occupying ancient buildings to tear them
down and put up something more attractive and lasting in their
The Civic Improvement idea once started is likely to be catch
ing and spread. It is a microbe, let us hope, that shall take deep
root in the body politic of Colfax, one that will make the body
cleaner, healthier, more beautiful than before.
Property holders on Mill street now have the opportunity to
improve and rejuvenate the street in a way that may not be pre
sented to them again for a long time, and as they are the chief
beneficiaries there sftould be no hesitancy in accepting it. And
we do not believe there will be.
Permanent iron bench marks, showing
exact elevations, were also pet at various
points in the quadrangle The location
of these marks is indicated accurately
on the map, and they can be ueed for all
time as the basis for any further eleva
tion surveys de*ired. This sort of map
making is a very different undertaking
from that of constructing an average
geographical map, which is generally a
mere approximation and compilation.
Everything on the geological survey
topographic sheet is exact and true to
This sheet forms but one small section
of the great topographic atlas or map
of the United States which the geological
survey is making, and which will be the
largest and yet most detailed map in the
world. Already nearly 1900 of these
sheets have been completed, covering
over a third of the country.
In some parts of the country much of
the work is carried through rough and
almost impassable areas, with dense
forests, insurmountable precipices, or
deep morasses. Hundreds of tempor
ary camps are made during each field
season, at altitudes ranging from above
mow line to below a^a level. All this
work is followed by an enormous amount
of office drafting, aud the task is finally
completed i:i examples of copper-plate
engraving and lirhngraphic printing
second to no others iv the world.
The cost to the government of these
quadrangle surveys, for both held and
office work, ranges from $3500 to $8000
NO CAPITAL REMOVAL.
The legislature did a good stroke of
work last week when it paeeed the bill
introduced by the house committee on
appropriations in conjunction with the
committee on state capi^ol and grounds.
It passed by a vote of 72 to 19, five be
ing absent. This action settles the
question of capital removal. Notwith
standing the people of the state of
Washington, by a tremendous msjority,
voted for the capital to be located at
O ymnift the question has come up on
two different occasions to vex the legis
lature and perplex the people. First it
WBB Tacoma, last it was Everett.
Neither city could show better reasons
for having the capital than did Olympia.
Considerable money has been spent at
Olympia for capital uses, and the state
has no money to throw away to feed the
vanity of any community. The capital
commission can now go ahead and erect
a state capitol building, it having every
leeway to finance the proj ct, either to
borrow the money from the general
fund, wait until lands are cold from the
capitol grant, or bonds or warrants
may be iaeued. The burden will not fall
on the taxpayers of the state.
The group plan for construction of the
building has been suggested and may bs
followed. It wil be out of thf> usual
and has much to recommend it in both
utility and attractiveness of appearance.
Future legislatures can now have
something to talk about besides capital
The three Portland dailies take a
whack at the Oregon legislature anent
the appropriation bills passed by that
body. The appropriations grew from
$3,000,000 at the previous session to
$4,500,000 at the last session. The
The Telegram's headline read?: "State
Treasury Looted." The Journal ex
claimed: "Every Member's Hand in the
Grab bag," and the Oregonian "Repri
mand* the Prodigal House." People of
the United States have had their eyes on
the Webfoot State the last few years
looking for reforms, which, up to this
time, have not materialized. The fact
is, all "reforms" are not "reforms" by h
long shot, as the stndent of history well
knows. The political reformer usually
has an axe to grind, and never loses the
opportunity to grind the axe when it is
presented. The Oregon plan of local
self government is still in the experi
mental stage, with the chances that
much of the glitter will have to be cut
out before the meat in the cocoanut m
reached. It is a mooted que- tion whether
our representative form of government,
erected by the fathers, which has de
veloped in so short a period into the
richest and one ol the most powerful
governments on earth, is not the best
government we can hope for and expect
At least changes should be adopted with
CHUfion and only after the experimental
stage has been passed. Results in Ore
gon so far have not been satisfactory,
Tbe legielnture iv its wisdom uaeseil
the bill creating tbe county of Pend
d'Oreille. The county lies between Idaho
and Stevens county on the east and
wpst, and between British Columbia and
Spokane county on the north and south,
its length being 56 miles and the total
area 1,150,480 acres. The only thing
against the organization of the county
is the lack of population, it having
only about 6000|iuhabitantB. However,
it occupies a section of the state having
great possibilities and will surely grow.
George W. Sutherland, living at New
port, the temporary county seat of
Pend d'Oreille, who formerly lived in Col
fax, is a member of the new board of
Tbe directors of the Panama-Pacific
Exposition Co. of San Francisco have
called in the first 10 per cent instalment
of the $7,500,000 bond issue subscribed
by tbe citizens of San Francisco. The
collection is for the purpose of starting
tbe active work of preparation for the
world's fair in 1915.
We offer One Hundred Dollars Reward for
any case of catarrh that cannot be cared by
Hall's Catarrh Cure.
F. J. CHENEY & CO.. Toledo, O.
We, the undersigned, have known F. J.
Cheney for the laat 15 years, and believe him
perfectly honorable in all business transac
tions and financially able to carry out any
obligations made by his firm.
Waldino, Kin.van & Marvin,
'Wholesale Druggists, Toledo, O.
Hall* Catarrh Cure is taken internally,
acting directly upon the blood and mucous
surfaces of the system. Testimonials sent free.
Price 75 cents per bottle. Sold by all Druß
Take Hall's Family Pills for constipation.
Columbia phouograjln and records
for sale at Ripley'e—double dit-e records
Eagles' Second Annual Dance.
(olfax Aerie No 303, Fraternal Ordrr
of Eagles, will mive their HPcond aiinual
bail at the Armory, on Friday evening,
March 17 Music by Davin' orchestra.
Tickets fl. Everybody invited to at
tend. Gran i march at 8:30.
C. P. ViM.rhp.-H
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR
Office—Room 1, Pioneer Building
Phone Main Kill. COLFAX, WASH.
Dr. John Benson,
HOMOEOPATHIC PHYSICIAN. Speo
laltiea: Chronic diseases and diseases of
women and children. Calla to any part of
the oonnty promptly answered. Office n
Colfax Hardware building.
Dr. Wm. Clay Card well
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON. Room*
14 and 16 Lippitt building. Office Hours, 9
to 12, 1 to 5; Sunday, 10 to 12; eveninga by
appointment. Phones—Office, Main 1341
--residence. Black 1461.
Dr. W. B. Palamountrtin
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON-llooins 1
2 and 3, Lippitt Buildinsr. Phones : < 'ffice.
Main 581; Residence, Red 183. Office hours.
9 to 12 a. m., 1 to 5:30 p. m.
JOHN PATTISON V. L, STOTLER PAUL PATTISON
Pattison, Stotler & Pattison
ATTORNEYS AT LAW. Office in Fra
J.i Hugh Shertey
ATTORNEY AT LAW-Office, room 3,
Pioneer hl>ck ; probate practice a Hpncialtv
Phone, Red 831.
Dr. J. A. Bal.Hijrer
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON- Room*
6 and 7, over Barroll & Mohuoy's store. Tel.
Main 81; Residence Tel. Main 1371. Office
hours, 9to 12 a. m.; 1 to sp. m.
Dr. A. E. Stunt,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON. O. R.
& N. physician. Spokane & Inland sur
geon. Omue over Hamilton's drug store
K. J. Skaiie,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON. Office
second floor front in new Lommasaon build
ing, Main street.
Dr. Ida Bryson
OSTEOPATH-Graduat* of the American
School of Osteopathy, Kirksville, Mo. Lo
cated in Schmuck block, 320 Main street.
Charles K. Hill,
ATTORNEY AT LAW. Waite block.
Phone Main 811.
OSTEOPATH—Graduate and post
graduate of Los Angeles and Kirksville
schools of Osteopathy. Twelve years'
experience. Lippitt building.
Phone Main 1061 COLFAX, WASH
B. K. HANNA. B. M. HANNA.
Manna & Hanna
ATTORNEYS AT LAW-Office: Bellinger
building; General Practice, Civil and Crim
inal; 'phone Main 91.
K. L. McCroskey
ATTORNEY AT LAW. Officea over the
First Savings & Trnst Bank. Telephone
6. A. Chai»man, D. I>. 8.
DENTIST. Graduate. Ohio College Dentai
»-*arf-ory. Office, room* 10 and 11 Lippitt
J. F. TrlTt, I>. M. l>.
DENTIST. Parlors in Hamilton Block
'Phone, Main 691.
Wm. A. iuman,
ATTORNEY AT LAW. Will do all kinds
of legal business. Office, Room 2, Pioneer
J. N. Pickrell,
ATTORNEY AT LAW Offica In Frater
niiy block, Rooms 4 and 5.
COLT AX. WASHINGTON.
GOLFAX STATE BANK
Capital and Surplus $61,000.00
4 per cent interest paid
on time deposits.
We solicit your patron
J. A. PERKLYS, Pres.
E. K. KAMNA, Vice Pres.
EDWIX €. 3:AlltH. Cash.
R. M. Hanna A. J. Davis
A. R. Metz E. K. Hanna
J. A. Perkins Edwin C. Baird
DID YOU KNOW?
That Oiiiy Trnst i:<nm»aiiies. In Addition to
Umml Banking KiMnesM, Are Authorized:
lot— To act aa fiscal or transfer amenta of states, municipalities or
2nd—To transfer, register and countersign certificates of otock,
bonds and other evidences of indebtedness.
3rd—To receive the deposit of trust moneys, securities and personal
4th —To act as trustee under any bond and mortgage issued by
any municipality or corporation.
sth—To act a« trustee for marrie.l women in respect to th^-ir sepa
rate property, to act hs their agent in the tr nsaction of such busi
tith—Under order or appointment of nny court, to act as kfnardian,
receiver or trustee of the estate of any minor and may be a depository
of moneys paid into court.
7th— To accept and nxecute trust* in regard to the holding, man
agenu nt or diepoNition of any estate under the direction of a court.
8 h —To act as receiver or trustee of the estate of any person, firm
9th—To act as exwutor or trustee under a will, or administrator
of the estate of any deceased person.
lOt.h —To act a« committee of the eeta'e of lunatic?, idiota, and
11th—To act as assignee or trustee f r the benefit of creditors
12th—To collect coupons or intere»t on all manner of securities.
V >UR ACCOUNT, whether laige or small, is respectfully so
licited and we assure you polite treatment and satisfactory results.
Correspondence or personal conference with our officers is invited.
First Savings & Trust Bank
OF WHITMAN COUNTY
COLFAX, - - WASHINGTON
is your truest friend because
it never fails you. Give it
a chance to prove its friend
ship by trying a sack.
STATEMENT OF CONDITION OF
THE COLFAX NATIONAL BANK
Iv responce to call of Comptroller January 7, 1911
T.oanw, discounts and overdrafts * MM 7-is no
United State, bond. ZZZZZZZ7 SSSSS
bonds and serumies i i r 9 u ,„,
Furniture and fixture* I'tiim
R-al estate J'J™ JJ
Due from h,nkn ZZZ^H^SSTSt '
Due from U. S treasurer loiIOOOO
Cash in vaults G5.U61 19
Your attention is ref.pectf.iHy called to the above statement which re
flecta the great strength and safrtv of thii bank. The most careful con
servative management by its directors, together with painstaking 'atten
tion of .ts oftcers to every detail of its business, offers every advantage
for tbe safe guard.ng of your deposits, and your account i« solicited
The Farmers State Bank
OF COLFAX, WASHINCTOW
Organized five years ago with a paid up capital of $60,000.
Now have a PAID UP CAPITAL of $100,000.00.
SURPLUS and UNDIVIDED PROFITS of more than
$30,000.00, and total resources of $475,000.00, to pro
tect our depositors.
We owe this rapid growth to our friends and patrons and
we assure you that we appreciate the business that you have
given us. Our highest aim is to merit your confidence.
We do both SAVINGS and COMMERCIAL BANKING
and handle all business entrusted to us with care and prompt
ness. If such methods meet with your approval we solicit
1911 BANKING ACCOUNT
We buy and sell Whitman County Warrants
THE PEOPLE'S BANK
J. J. MILLER, V,ce Present g. H. HICKS, Aeat. Cashier
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