Newspaper Page Text
"SPRAYING FOR IRE
CODLING MOTH PEST"
Title of Interesting Article by
George W. Ferguson.
George W. Fergnuon, district horticul
tural inspector for Whitman and Asotin
counties, who was in C'olfax recently, has
written an interesting article on "Spray
ing for the Codling Moth,"' which ap
peared in the Ctarfcaton Republic and
cannot fail to be of interest to horticul
turists. We excerpt liberally :
Controlling the Codling Moth.
The codling moth, or apple worm, is a
familiar pent to moHt every fruit grower
or coDcumer of applets and a wormy
apple, the raMltt of itn work, needn but
brief dewriptioD. A wormy apple is first
noticed by the characteristic diiws of ex
crement which i-4 round either at its
entrance hole, which in enlarged from
time to time, or through Eta exit;hole iv
the Hide of the Lint. Such fruit in prac
tically uiiHultible, either fur consumption
or for working into by products. It is
srenerally conceded by growers that the
lose thus occasioned by this insect .is
greater than that due to any other insect
pest affecting the apple.
What It Costs Annually.
From statistics carefully compiled bj
the government it, in learned that this
insect may cause a ions of from 20 to 40
per c?nc which would otherwise be good
It is not necessary to go into details as
to the amount of lons thus sustained,
but by taking the lowest or 20 per cent
it will nhow an annual lons of $11,400,
--000. This does not include the cost of
spraying for the control of the insect,
which, based on conservative estimates,
will amount close to $9,000,000, addi
tional, thus placing an annual tax upon
the growers of the Uuited States of at
The original home of the insect is no
doubt Southern Europe, the home of the
apple; it is found at the present time in
almost every country in the world. It
is safe to say, "Wherever the apple will
grow, the codling moth will thrive."
The life of the codling moth is divided
into four different stages, the egg, the
worm, the pupas and the adult or moth.
It is in the larva stage that the moth
passes the winter. They can be found in
the little silken cocoons under the old
scaley bark of the tree, under old sacks
left lying about the orchard and in
various places where they can hide. It
is a good plan to spray any of the build*
ings where apples have been stored in or
near the orchard. It is in these places
that many of the cocoons can be found.
In spring hibernation these larvae change
to pupae from which the moth emerges
Boon after the treee are in blossom. In
Bixa the moth, with wings extended, is
about three-fourths of an inch from tip
to tip. It is of a grayish brown color,
similar to the bark of the tree.
In about four days after emerging
from the cocoon thn moth is laying eggs
and it is estimated that thej number
layed by each female is an average of
fifty. The eggs of the first brood are
Jayed on the leaves, and in most in
stances near the fruit, while the eggs of
the second brood are layed on the fruit.
The egg is of a whitish color and about
tbe size of the head of a pin. In about
10 days from thu time the egg is layed it
is hatched into the worm, which seeks a
place to enter the apple. The worm or
larvae is about one sixteenth to one
iwentieth of an inch when hatched.
The secret of success when handling
this fellow is to place the poison about
the tree in such a way that the first
meal he eats wili be his last. The worm
feeds upon the apple about twenty days
and emerges, generally, from the side;
he then seeks a place to spin the cocoon,
generally in the bark of a tree, or some
dark secluded hiding place.
The larvae, or worm, changes into the
pupae in about sis days, and in about
twenty days emerges again to lay the
eggs for the second brood.
It is generally conceded that at the
time the moth is entering the apple its
jaw« are too weak to bite into the apple
of its own accord; that is to say, that
unless the larvae or worm has something
to brace itself against it can not get into
the apple. At the time the first brood
is entering the apple you will find the
apples standing quite a ways apart of
each other, and thus it is impossible for
it to brace itself against one apple and
enter the other.
The only resource that the worm has
at this time is to crawl into the calyx
(then closed), working its way through
the loose jaws of the calyx, and by brac
ing itself against the jaws (or walls) of
the calyx enter the apple. Thus we have
the importance of spraying before the
calyx.cups close, in order to fill the cups
with poison in advance of the moth.
Suggestions About Spraying.
Get ready to spray ac soon as the first
blossoms open. Of course it is some
time before actual spraying starts, but
have everything ready beforehand. If
we wait until time to start this work we
generally find that there are many things
about the outfit that need repairs, and
sometime* this cannot be done on short
notice. The delay of even a day will
sometimes mean the loss of many dollars
worth of fruit that otherwise might be
Do not fsil to start the first spray «s
soon aa the blossoms are nearly (say 80
or 90 per cent) off.
When making the first spray you must
determine upon one thing if you are to
get anythiog like perfect results and this
is to stay with each tree until each calyx
has been filled with spray. Stop occa
sionally to examine the, blossoms to find
out whether or not you are doiog ;this.
The thoroughness" of this work is of
more importance than all the advice jou
Jinmember that thorough spraying can
not be done without great waste of
Be sure that the Hgitator is working.
It is best to stir the mixture preferably
with a hoe before starting the pump <j_
The arsenate of lead should be fresh
and ia a smooth, moist and putty like
form. Do not use arsenate of lead that
has became dry; it is absolutely jworth
less in this form as a spray. Over fifty
per cent of our failures can be traced to
the uae of dried-out areeuate of lead.^
Muny of the most successful growers
spray a second time withia four ;or five
days from the date of the first.fl jjThe
object of this spray following up the
first is in the fact that the blossoms do
not all bloom at the name time,;and
while the first spray can fill all ihe
calyxes that^are developed at that time,
in order to get the latter bloom in the
name "idea!" condition.it in necessary to
follow back over the tree^tbus sprayed
within four or five days from tbe.date of
the first spray.
So successful has this method proven
that many of the growers are claiming
as high as 95 per cent clean fruit from
these two sprayings.
Where necessary it is advisable to
make one and sometimes two additional
sprays at intervals of about 3<) days
Use one pound of arsenate of lead^to
to 40 gallons of water. If you are in
doubt as to any part of the work write
to the Experiment Station at Pullman,
Washington, and they will be glad to
INTERSTATE TELEPHONE CO.
According to Circular Issued Will
Do Much Work Her*.
Announcement is made by the"~later
state Telephone Co. that $170',6ob~"is~to
be expended this summer in perfecting
its long distance service to Lewieton,
Idaho, and intervening cities. Included
in this contemplated expenditure is the
installation of exchanges at Moscow,
Palouse, Garfield, Oakesdale, Colfax,
Rosalia, Tekoa and Waverly. Oae hun
dred and fifty miles of main pole line
will be built south from Mount Hope to
Lewiston, which, with offshoots and con
necting lines, will coßt $75,000.
At Colfax the contemplated building
and plant will represent an outlay of
$38,000. Rebuilding at Garfield and in
stallation will represent an expenditure
of $14000, at Rosalia $8000 and at
Tekoa $14,000. Four thousand dollars
is the amount it is estimated j will be
spent a Waverly .to equip at ~>o-sub
ecriber exchange. Manager John Fisher
estimated thp cost of building the main
line to Lewiston at $300 per mile, or
$45,000 for the main wires alone. Ad
ditional lines and connections will cost
ABOUT HASSAM PAVING.
Chief of Coeur d'Alene Fire Depart-
ment Gives Opinion.
To Whom It May Concern: The Has
sani pavement laid in Coeur d'Alene last
year is giving the best of satisfaction to
all who have occasion to ride over it.
We have both horses and auto trucks in
our department and I have observed
that the horses run on this pavement
with the utmost confidence. They do
not slip and the pavement does not in
jure their feet. This pavement is also
desirable for automobiles ac the surface
has just enough grit so as to keep it
from being slippery and the auto trucks
do not skid as they turn the corners, no
matter how fast they are traveling. I
wish to say that I. as well as my fire
men, are very much pleased with Hassam
pavement and do not hesitate to recom
mend it to any one.
(Signed) J. H. O'ROURKE,
Chief of Fire Department, City of Coeur
See Schneller's optical specialist of
Walla Walla, at Hotel Colfax Friday,
May 20, if you have trouble with your
eyes or need glasses.
Notice of Meeting.
Colfax Local of the Farmers' Union
will meet regularly on the 2d and 4th
Saturdays of each month at 1 o'clock in
the Workman hall.
Sam Lyons, President.
For plumbing, material and supplies,
call on J. B. Brown. Phone Red 152];
For soreness of the muscles whether in
duced by violent exercise or injury,
Chamberlain's Liniment is excellent!
Thit> liniment is also highly esteemed for
the relief it affords in cases of rheuma
tism. Sold by all dealers.
For Spirella Corsets call up Mrs. S E
Ratliff, Phone Red 1212, Colfax.
Doan's Regulets cure constipation,
tone the stomach, stimulate the liver,
promote digestion and appetite and easy
passages of the bowels. Ask your drug
gist for them. 25 cents a box.
Ripley's Ice Cream Sodas are different
Shirkey & Glaser, graduate opticians.
COLFAX GAZETTE, COLFAX, WASHINGTON, MAY 26, 1911.
SLUMS FOUND WHEREVER
THERE IS CONGESTION.
Lack of Adequate Transit Cause of
Crowded and Dilapidated Houses.
Lack of adequate transit and trans
portation facilities is one of the chief
causes of congestion. sayß <". A. Ford
in the American City. With no good
means of going to ar.d from the heart
of the city people are forced to remain
in the ne;ir vicinity of their work,
and in this connection we use the
word "adequate" advisedly, for ii is
perfectly possible for ;i subway to be
so placed that its operation tends to
increase rather than decrease conges
Again, congestion often appears as
a result of the lack of adequate city
regulations with regard to open space,
sunlight, etc. These regulations would
differ in different communities, bill
the smaller community musi he c[->- ;l
--ful not to adopt standards for these
things such as hare been adopted by
the preatost cities, as this often tends
to incite builders in the smaller pom
munities to ape the intolerable condi
tions prevalent in the greater cities.
Speculation in land, due to the tie
sire of each individual to get the max
imum possible return <>n his holdings
this return often being oul <>f all pro
portion to anything that the owner
himself has done to bring it about,
probably accounts more than anything
rise for tho worst phases >>f conges
That congestion has a marked effect
on health no one can doubt. Its tend
ency is to crowd tenements s<> closely
together that a pood circulation of air
or Ilie admission of sunlighl into liv
ing rooms l»eeomes impossible. The
rooms are dark. The air in the nar
row slits of shafts and wells becomes
stajrnanl and fonl. There is no iin-f>'<
tive to self respect on the part of Hi!" 1
dwellers in these hovels. The shafts
become a receptacle for the constantly
increasing accumulation of garbage.
It is nobody's business to see that it is
AUTO FIRE ENGINES ARE
Georgia and Pennsylvania Towns Usi
Them With Success and Economy.
The new chemical auto engine of
Rome. Ga., is working satisfactorily,
and those familiar with tlio Bre engine
and insurance situation predict that
before many years the auto engines
will entirely supplant the horse drawn
vehicles. It has been said that when
the new auxiliary water main is put
in three auto engines could handle the
"iitire town and thus decrease the ex
pense of maintenance.
An early morning fire in the business
section of Lyndora, I*a., gave the local
firemen their first opportunity to em
ploy the new automobile tire truck in
actual service, and that the new ma
chine is all that could possibly be ex
pected is evidenced by the fact that
water was being played upon the
flames five minutes after the alarm
sounded. It is estimated that on
stretches of the run :; speed of more
than sixty miles per hour was at
tamed. The run prove-; beyond a
doubt the excellent worth of the new
<§> Can yon draw upon the ere- f
* dence of your friends without ,'*
* precipitating a panic of distrust? -
The Merchant Who Doesn't Use It Is
Sure to Be a Failure.
Here is an undeniably true argument
made by the advertising expert of the
New Y<>rk Evening Mail:
"In smaller communities, where cv
erybody knows everybody, there i*
very little likelihood of the public be
ing deceived by advertising. The mer
chant there knows he must make good.
He knows if he dues not he not
do any business.
"Iv larger communities, where there
are great throngs of people—transient
and resident—the advertising laker
thinks he can escape the consequences
of misrepresentation, and he does,
sometimes for a long period, but in the
end he gets his deserts, as lie always
'"The increasing faith in advertising
is being brought about because the
majority of advertisers—n big majori
ty, too —live up to their agreements.
"The good merchants should unite
with good newspapers in driving out
the frauds in every community."
Jealousy indicates misplaced affec
Many a farsighted man is a close
Xo, Alonzo. the key to success isn't
a nighr key.
It pays to give even an enemy a
Most excuses are li^s wrapped in
The rest microbe is responsible for
a lot of laziness
Borne men would rather go broke
than stny nt borne.
Wise is the man who doesn't know
more than be should.
People who have money to burn
should get it insured.
It takes a hungry man to enjoy a
poorly cooked dinner
You will not necessarily keep cool
by blowing in money.
Colfax Has to Bow to the In
evitable-Scores of Citi
zens Proves It.
After reading the public statement of this
representative citiz-n of Colfax given below,
you must come to this conclusion: A remedy
which cure ■ years ago, which has kept the
kidneys in (rood health since, can be relied
upon to perform the same work in other cases.
Charles VonSoehnen, 201 A Street, Colfax,
Wash, cays: "For at least thirty years I
was afflicted with kidney complaint and some
times was laid up for days. There were acute
pains in the small of my back and I bad
sharp, shooting twinges through my loins and
iimb*. As time passed, my condition grew
worse and daring the past fifteen years I had
to get up at night, to pass the kidney secre
tions. Doan's Kidney Pills gave me relief
and I desire to make the fact known for the
benefit of other kidney sufferers. I am ex
tremely grateful for what this remedy has
done for me.'" (Statement given November
L 9, 1907.)
Mr. Yon rtoehuen wa« interviewed on April
20, IU 10, and he naid: "I am always glad to
endorse D'.au's Kidney Pills and 1 ;ake pleas
ure in confirming my former testimonial.
During th« |>;.et neve-ai years 1 have had no
need of a kidney medicine. "
For sale by all dealers. Price 50 cents.
Foster-Milburu Co., Buffalo, New York, sole
agents for the I'nited State*.
Remember the name— Duan's—and take no
We are always in the lead
South End Grocery
Phone Main 41.
Ask Those Who Know
SEND YOUR ORDERS
to us for liquors
Plain Box "s^
I PRICE LIST ON REftUEST
1 PHONE MAIN-A125 [I
Still have some of those
You can have one for
Laundry Work Promptly Done
Phone Black 521
Do not waste your time in writing with a pen,
The chances are your writing can't be read again
Let ME write it for you, just as plain as print,
Call today and see me—can you take a hint?
3E3, 18. COTTERILL
207? s Main St., over Ritz's cigar store
Phone Main 191.
Gazette advertisers talk to
people in the best home s in
the Palouse country.
Headquarters for the Citizens of Whitman County and the
M. J. MALOSEY, Proprietor
Our Prices may not be the lowest, but we guarantee every article
Til** Bar connected with the hotel carries a fine line of imported and
domestic Wines, Liquors and Oigars. When you get it at the Hotel
Oolfax you get the best produced in the markets of the world.
When you want to find your friends, go to the Hotel Colfax, the recognized
headquarters for everybody.
Closing Out-Public Sale
I will sell at Public Auction, at the residence of Neln Eriksen, 4 miles west
of St. John, at Cottonwood school houHe and church, on
TUESDAY, JUNE 6,1911,
the following described property:
12 HEAD OF HORSES—Eight head of good Work hordes, and four 2
year-old coltH, extra good.
FARMING IMPLEMENTS—I Threshing; Ojtfit, complete, Case IX h. p.
engine, Pride of Washington Separator, Cook House and Derrick Tattle
This outfit hin (irst o\u** condition. 114 ft MeCormiek header; .'$ header
boxes; 2 3% wngous; 1 new hack; 1 hardwood grain rack; 2 dine cultiva
tors, *.) ft.; 1 dine Imrrow, <> ft ; 2 harrow carte; 1 potato planter; 1 po
tato digger; 1 Acme harrow, 12 ft ; 2 sets work harness; 1 single harness;
1 hay rake; 1 hay net; 1 (^ ie>n heater, and numerous other articles.
TERMS OF SALE—A credit until October 1, 1911, will be given on all
sums over $10 00, purchas"r giving note with approved security. Notes
to draw 10 per- cent interest from date of sale. Five per rent discount for
cash on time sales. All sums under $10 cash. FREE LUNCH.
PETER ERIKSEN, Owner.
FRANK A. RATLIFFE, Auctioneer. GEO CASE, Clerk.
The Leading Tailor Colfax, Wash.
LAWN MOWERS CARDEN HOSE SCREENINC
—= —= WIRE FENCINC =■
All the necessary articles for the Lawn
and also for cleaning time
E. R. BARROLL
Crockery and China Hardware and Tinware
I / -^^g I B£ &V & FAT £ *
JThie is our new Xo.;8 mill/the most complete and up to-date mill on the
market. Call and Bee it or send for catalog. CAR LET BROS.. Colfax
PERFECT BAKING RESULTS can be obtained only
J- when the best materials are used, including flour of
these popular and well known brands—
which are manufactured in Whitman county by tho WTNOWA
MILLING CO., from Blue Stem Wheat, the 4y best for the
Spokane and Colfax Feed & Poultry Co.
DISTRIBUTORS, Colfax, Wash.
to Conviction ?
STUDY the style of the
Suit shown here. A
light, cool, comfortable,
summery Suit that pohhphhhpb
grace and refinement unusual
in Warm Weather Togs.
"Lamm" Tailoring is respon
sible. You will find every one
of our styles equally as differ
ent from the ordinary.
IF YOU WANT TO KNOW
what's new in fabrics and style,
just drop around and look us
over. There are Fashion
Plates to set acquainted with
and FOUR HUNDRED SAM
PLES of the newest patterns
for Spring and Summer Suits.
Make Up Tour