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A NECESSITY FOR
School Gardens to Better Edu
WOULD GREATLY KELP TOWN.
Vacation Is Near, and Healthful Garden
Work Would Do Much to Keep the
Boys From Waging Their Time on
Bchool jrardons have come to stay
that X where they are in existence.
They have rooted firmly, spread rapid
ly, developed prodigiously and, f'» d
jiijr on hidden sources <>f nutriment in
child nature, win not easily be eradi
rated, says 11. \V. Livermore.
One of the recent educational facts
which are being driven borne Into th^
public consciousness Is that the ehV.d
■\vh<> lias to leave school at fourteen
years and jr<> to work is not fitted f< r
life. Hi^ school days have Dot been
ttiade a sufficiently definite asset to
him. Our grammar Bchools as run at
present reach their highest efficiency
only when the child continues en
through the hi^'h school. In other
"words, our i>rtsent educational sys-
A LESSON IN PLANTING.
I<rn is planned for the few who po to
college Instead of the many who go to
In some towns school gardens have
sprung up in response to the demand
Hint education must tit the masses f r
life :is well ;is the minority for col
lege. Geography, history and i I
noetic have in consequence been prun
ed back severely, and the educational
sap is seeking an outlet in u< w direc
The school garden is a great t>
Uonal force which must be reckoned
with In the near future. Why? Be
cause it is a rare combination of es-
Bential educational qualities. It is a
happy mingling of play and work, va
cation and school, athletics and ms:n
training, pleasure and business,
'" ity and utility, head and hand,
freedom and responsibility, of corn
tive and preventive, constructive and
• native Influences, and all in the
great school of out of doors, it is the
corrective of the evils of the scho I
room. It is the preventive of the ] er-
Lh of misspent leisure, it is con
structive of character building. It is
creative of industrious, honest pro-
A SCHOOL GAi:HEN CLAPS.
duccrs. In fact, there is no child's
i ■ ire to which it d. i< not in
way make a powerful appeal.
Here, if ever, children are on an
equality. For once the weakling or
the lame child does not cower v ;. re
the street bully. His garden may be
befer and even envied by the bully.
School gardens, therefore, are not
only pood to educate the children, but
they also benefit the town. The chil
dren in this towti have ; m much need
hool garden education as the :■-:
of young America. And why can't
we give it to them? Our facilities are
as pood as any other town in this
country. Our schools can be utilized
in this healthful education as well as
the vacant grounds with which al
most every residence i- provided.
Summer time is near, daring which
time our schools dose, leaving some
of the pupils with nothing to do but
to loaf around and idle away their
time. Why couldn't we bepin ritrht
now to interest the children with this
school garden plan, so that by the
time the seuools close the plan will
have become interesting enough to
keep them busy during the coming
All that is needed is the co-operation
of the community.
GO ADVERTISE LIKEWISE.
Bow did the little busy bee
Got such a reputation?
"Why. hla nan.es great throughout the
In every tribe and nation.
He has a buzzer for his biz
And buzzes while he's busy.
His store- is surely a beehive.
Hes busy till he's dizzy.
How did that little y&'ilcr hen
Get to that rung so high?
c borne there by an airship.
Or did she just up fly?
She cackled, then she laid an eg-g
And cackled awful after.
To let folks know about that egg
She almost raistd a rafter.
Thus if you have a thing that's good
And wish the folks to buy it
You'll surely never do the <=tunt
If you sit and keep <;...■ :.
If that oid hen didn't advertise
Hei • .- - ■ : ';it' get rotten.
Si.f Vi i- • " the ax rig hi in Ihe :.' ck
.Arid <:.:i< k would be f< rgotten.
C. M. BARNITZ.
KL'RICS FROM KORRESPONDENTS
Q. —I have a Plyn k hen here
• is laying e.^s with :i pinkish
wi^te. !-!;>> i»as already laid three iii
twenty-four days, and I should like \<<
':< n :i< to the '-rmso. A.—
The f::t around your hen's egg ma
■ ;;i.iK<les the work of the muscles
:ss they push iln j egg along, and they
consequently bleed. Sometimes only
tiny clot appears in the egg; again,
the 1>;<!O(1 mixes with the albumen, and
ye.ii have that pinkish white.
Q.—Please state where there is a
market for duck e^us. how they com
pare in price with hen's eggs and what
color of shell is popular. A.—Duck
• :-_- find their best market in the city,
where the white popular shelled eggs
sell at a higher price than chicken ey^s
to the Hebrew element.
Q.—What do you think of fish scrap
as meat for breeders and chicks? What
is it made of? A.—lt is very good if
fresh. It is made of ground codfish
Q.—l exhibited Tekin ducks last win
ter at two shows, entering the same
two birds at both. One duck was
creamy white and the other white, but
otherwise they were alike in weight,
Shape and style. At the first show the
creamy bird won first, the other sec
ond. At the second show it was the
reverse. Which judge was right? A.—
If both ducks were alike in other re
spects the first judge was right, as the
Standard calls f«>r "creamy white."
<».—I notice quite a number of poul
trymen recommend tobacco dust for
body lice on poultry. Is it ever fed to
fowls for intestinal worms? a.—We
never heard of its nse for such pur
pose except in case of sheep, where it
is fed to kill the stomach worm. A
sure remedy for worms in poultry is
a handful of oak wood ashes to every
two quarts of mash twice a week.
FEATHERS AND EGGSHELLS.
In :; pang of six chicken thieves
captured at Marietta, I'a.. was a worn
an who dressed the fowls and sold
them jit market Rather fowl work
for a fair female.
When eggs are allowed to accumu
late in the nest they not only arc
broken and start egg eating, but they
encourage the hens to be broody. If
eggs are removed as they are laid a
turkey will lay as high as seventy In
Refrigerator eggs from Australia arc
frozen so hard that a London dealer
threw one at his office wall and made
a hole in the plaster, but did not crack
the shell. A lawyer, astonished, took
three home to surprise his wife. He
banged them down on the table where
she and her fashionably dressed
friends were playing cards, when—oh.
horrors I—every egg busted. They had
With a corn crop of 3,125,713,000
bushels the jrreen dink crop will ex
ceed all records. There is now one
medical quack to every 800 of the pop
ulation, and our college Incubators arc
still turning the fresh green product
out at a fearful rate.
In March a California incubator
manufacturer was running his factory
day and night and was yet back
2.500 in orders, and the day was once
when there was not an incubator in
this country. Today over 300,000 are
sold annually. Take that, pessimist.
To our friends who pot rattled over
that reciprocity treaty for fear it
would flood this country with fresh
eggrf. W( . j ust ris( , | onj , ..,.,c !) , pc
mark that Canada's surplus eggs for
:i whole year would supi |y New York
llt 3 for .!!>• one day. Eggs for not:
aren't in< luded.
When an egg is brok n :n a setting
the sine;,i- not only in ■ci ils the hatch
y of the daubed eggs, but also
makes the shells r< ugh. so that there
is friction wlr-n the hen turns her e.L'trs
and thus in-.... breakage. Such eggs
■ ■d be wasrrs-c 'n warm water and
at once be rexrrSr-. \o the hen.
If "id eggs hat. li at all they hatch
late :ui«l give ; ;s. As incuba
tor chicks should not be fed the first
day. these late chicks pet their first
meal too soon or the early thicks from
the fresh eggs get theirs too late.
Never be fresh yourself, but always
•et all fresh ojrps for success.
When you pive a chirk feed as soon
:s it comes from the shell you overtax
ligestive system, and that is gen
erally its finish. Give the chick a day
to assimilate the yolk and then feed
iittle. but often.
To win a market for fine eggs and
poultry these days is easy, but to
win back confidence after imposing on
f^ customer is seldom accomplished.
Tbe fellow that sticks to business and
the Golden Rule is never branded as a
knave or fool.
COLFAX GAZETTE, COLFAX, WASHINGTON, JULY 7, 1911.
FLAVORS IN BUTTER
The presence of bacteria producing a
bitter flavor is the cause of the butter
becoming strong in three or four days
after cburning. The elimination of
this particular ktod of bacteria is the
only way in which the trouble can be
overcome, writes 11. G. Van Pelt in the
Breeder's Gazette. This would be ac
complished in an up to date creamery
by pasteurization followed by the iii
trodiK-tiou of a lactic acid starter that
would develop a flavor more suitable
to the taste. As pasteurization is not
practical except where a large amount
of cream is bundled, it is necessary
under farm conditions to prohibit the
Photo by American Press Association.
When In years to come the his
tory of dairying in America is writ
ten much will be said about the
achievements of the Jersey breed
and the value of that blood in add
ing to the yield of the American
cow and lessening the cost of but
ter production. Profiting by the ex
perience of those that have pur
chased and us<_-d bulls of the best
breeding, there should not be a herd
In the United States but that has
at its head perhaps not an oxtreme
ly high priced bull, but surely a son
of a good mother sired by just such
a one as here shown. This prize
winning Jersey bull is the property
of P. A, B. Widener of Philadel
entrance of disturbing bacteria rather
than to attempt eliminating them later
Tills would be a simple task were it
possible to determine at just what
stage of the process of butter produc
tion the bacteria made their appear
ance, but this is unknown, as they
might have been present in the air of
the barn, on the bodies or udders of
the cows, in the milking utensils
about the person of the milker, in tin
separator, the cream can. the churn
or even in the water with which the
butter was washed.
Absolute sanitation and cleanliness
are therefore necessary from the time
the cow leaves the pasture till the
butter is consumed to locate and
remedy the cause. TLe odder and
teats of the cow should be washed
and dried before milking, and the
milking should be done with clean.
dry hands. The milk pails, cans, sep
arator parts, the churn and. in fact.
all utensils that come in contact with
the milk and cream should not onlj
be washed absolutely clean, but they
should be scalded with boiling warei
or steam and set in the sun to dry
Very often on the farm milking uten
sils are dried with dishcloths, which
is one practice accountable for unde
sirable flavors in the butter.
As soon as the milk has been drawn
from the cow it should be removed
from the barn, for while milk is cool
ins it takes up odors very rapidly. Ii
should be separated and the cream
cooled immediately, for any bacteria
that might have pained access to the
cream up to this time will multiply
rapidly as long as the cream remains
warm. After the cream has become
thoroughly cool it may be mixed with
other cream, but not before, and it
should be kept well covered in a cool
place until churning time. Just be
fore churning the churn should again
be well scalded to make sure that no
undesirable bacteria that may have
been at work iv it since the last churn
ing will come in contact with the
cream that up to this time has been
kept in a condition that will insure
butter of good flavor that will be last
ing under suitable storage conditions.
The Brocd Sow.
In picking out a gilt for a brood
sow select one from a large litter and
choose it carefully as you did the boar
Always remember that good blood
counts. If she lias any weak points
mate her with a boar that is strong in
these points. (Jilts should not be bred
under uiue months old. Brood sows
are pood for service up to niue years
of age, and remember that a good
brood sow is worth much more than a
lowa Silage Fed Cattle.
The lowa experiment station has
finished a test which adds more evi
dence of the value of silage in finish
ing steers. This time, as in a number
of ti'sts recently reported, the steers
petting no other roughage than silage
from start to fluish did best financially
And. although the lot getting silage
and no hay made the best showing
for the whole 150 days, it made even a
better record for the first ninety days.
Dosing a Hcrse.
When giving medicine to a horse be
careful that he docs not strangle. There
is danger that some of the medicine
will go to bis lungs, when it is almost
sure to cause pneumonia. This is fre
quently incurable. Lower the head at
once if strangling begins. Never ad
minister medicine through the nostril.
So says New York State Veterinarian
July Half Price
THE hot weather is just beginning and now is the
time you will need a nice light summer Tailormade,
or light Coat or Jacket, and now is the time we have
to get rid of them, and to do so you can have your
choice for just ONE-HALF the marked price.
Women's and Misses' Tailormade
Suits ONE-HALF Price
Women's, Misses and Children's
Coats and Jackets ONE-HALF
llf«> M M..'«* ll^Xa $1 98 buys any Woman's Hat id the A 4 nn
Women s Hats $1.98
50c Buys a Nice Cool Waist
Long or short sleeves, white or colored. These Waists are every one A
worth 75c to $1.00. Just a special at OUC
The Place to Save 3loney
COLFAX, - • WASHINGTON
GO EAST THRU
Sootenay and Arrow
Lakes and Canadian
The most beautiful and magnificent
ecenerv in the world. SpleLdid train
service. Luxurious hotel** and chal
ets and numerous natural attrac
tions. The playground of America.
VERY LOW RATES EAST
For further information and illue
trated folder write
M E. MAI-ONE A WALTON
Tray. I'ass Agt. General Agent
14 Wall St., Spokane
® SUMMER FARES
INLAND ELECTRIC TRAINS
and connecting lines at Spokane—
either the G N , N. P., or C. P. Ry.
Tickets on naif by all Inland agents
beginning May 16, with return limit
October St. Round trip from any
point on Inland,
To St. Paul or Kaneae City $60 00
To St. Louis. 70 00
To Chicago 72 50
To New York or Philadelphia. .10S 50
To Boston 110 00
and other points in proportion.
A-K INLAND AGENT
for full iasormation and to check your bag
DO YOU KNOW
that we are very successful in
getting nice photos of Children?
All other subjects are easy to
See name on display case.
I New Compartment I
I Observation Cars I
,m To Denver, Kansas City, St. Louis 1
H The Compartment Observation Car Is the "living room" on a
train—the place to lounge, to read, to chat, to view the scenery
■ to relax and rest. For travel-comfort it surpasses any other
S form of coach in use. It makes the journey a pleasant diversion.
I The Southeast Express I
The Great Northern Railway's through train to Kansas City-
Denver, St. Louis and points south and east via Billings and
0 the "Burlington Route,"' carries luxurious new Compartment
Observation Cars in addition to its Standard and Tourist Sleeo-
B ing Cars, Dining Cars and Day Coaches.
P:~r. your next trip ea>t through Kansas City on the Southeast Exprtst and make
jrour reservations in advance. Call on or address
W. A. ROSS, OR J J. STHERR I
IS Ami Sen, Y-M. Ajjett ______ Trav-Miiii? f'a^. » cen t
H KuifrSt SimMou -fr^^^^— .^ 701 Riverside Avf I"V
g WWPT7\ ||| ~nk .v. VV^ h ■ .
Brain well Bros.
Hutchison's Art Studio
Picture Frames, Art Supplies
R. E. Hutchison. Commercial Photography Endicott