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RAISING SWINE ON
HIGH PRICED LAND.
Bwlne breeding nnd feeding occupied
much attention at the recent Illinois
roundup meeting at Ottawa. A most
interesting address and discussion were
led by A. .1. Lovejoy He has been
raising Berkshire hogs for thirty-six
years and is still active in the bus!
He advises starting with any breed
jou like and then sticking to it. The
breed must be a good one. and you
must like hogs. You must also keep
the breed pure, selecting brood sows
with strong, broad backs and good
length, feed well, give plenty of exer
rise In winter and your pigs will be all
He uses the Individual houses and
devotes one-half acre to each sow and
litter. The houses are built In the
shape of a capital A, have a floor.
have an opening at the top 60 that
ventilation w'll be good and are placed
iq the opposite corner in the lot from
the feed troughs. This makes it nec
essary for the sow to get out and take
exercise, even when there is snow on
the ground He Insist on a variety of
feed. He finds that a feed made up of
one-half cornmeal and one-half mid
dllngs, to which a little oilmeal or
tankage Is added, is exceedingly sat
isfactory. Be sure to get enough pro
tein. This protein, of course, is se
cured through the tankage, oilmeal
or middlings. Tankagews very high
In protein, and Mr. Lovejoy considers
It one of the most valuable hog feeds
on the market For fattening hogs he
feeds tankage and corn in proportions
of eighty parts corn to twenty of
tankage. He believes this combina
tion exceedingly satisfactory, as it
keeps the hog in good health and also
puts on fat cheaper.
Mr. Lovejoy does not breed his gilts
until they are about a year old. He
deplores the tendency to breed sows
too young and also to dispose of ma
ture 6ows. He keeps bis old sows as
long as they will bring good litters.
He finds that they always do well
until nine or ten years old. He breeds
for two litters a year. but. of course.
it Is not always possible to have each
sow farrow twice a year. About one
half of his breeding sows do this. He
thinks eight pigs make a good sized
litter. He would prefer eight to
twelve, as he figures that these grow
more thriftily and give better results
than a larger number.
How to Cure Corns In Horses.
Corns are mused by bad shoeing or
from allowing the shoe to wear too
long without reshoeing and also from
having too much of the foot taken off.
My remedy, by which I hare never
failed to effect a permanent cure, says
W. J. Grand in the Michigan Farmer.
Is as follows:
Have the shoes pulled off, the feet
pared and then poulticed until they
are as soft as jelly. Get your knife
again, cut the corns down to the
quick, extract th,? score of corns by
means of a pair of small pincers and
they apply spirits of salts to eat away
any remnants of the corn which may
By this time the foot has been so
much reduced that time must be al
lowed for a new growth of the foot.
which may be satisfactorily and
quickly attained by placing the foot
of the patient Jn blue clay for three
weeks, or more If necessary. If these
directions are followed a new foot
and a permanent cure will be the re
sult and although it takes time you
should remember that anything worth
having is worth waiting for. Rubber
pads and bar shoes will help a horse
temporarily only, but will keep him
going in a cramped way. But if you
are impatient you can take your choice
between quickness and thoroughness
Place For the Separator.
Just where to place a cream separa
tor for convenient use is sometimes a
question. Convenience requires that
the place be in or near the barn,
though it is sometimes placed in the
kitchen or some portion of the home
building- A room with cement floor
and plastered walls can be construct
ed in some part of the barn where it
•will be convenient and more sanitary
than if placed in the kitchen or in
any open portion tf the barn where
It is likely to be affected by dust and
odors This room should have a water
system and proper drainage so that it
may be kept clean and swept all the
time. The work necessary in prepar
ing this room is not expensive nor does
it require expert help, but such a room
in some locality is absolutely necessary
for the production of clean milk prod
ucts and iv lessening the work of the
dairy Care in handling the milk and
plenty of hot water in cleaning the
vessels will remove very many of the
criticisms that are made against the
Ration Fop Growing Pigs.
A good ration might be made by
using two parts by weight of corn and
one part each of ground rye. ground
■rta and oilmen I. For little pigs the
cats should be ground fine enough so
that the bull is reduced to a meal. If
this cannot be done it would be better
to sift the hulls out for a time after
weaning. All of the ground feeds
would be better if they could be
ground fine. The pigs should not be
fed as much of this mixture as they
will eat. but should be fed rather
limited quantities up to five or six
months of age. After six months of
age. if the pigs are to be ftti for mar
ket, the ollmeal might be omitted.
SHOULD PLAY SAFE.
A reader of these notes living at
Princeton, Ind.. writes making in
quiry as to the suitability of a certain
western valley lately opened up for
fruit growing and asking if this par
ticular valley was included in a refer
ence which recently appeared In these
columns, suggesting that it would b*?
well for the postofflce department to
round up the large company of real
estate swindlers who are separating
unsuspecting people from hundreds of
thousands of their hard earned dol
lars. Y*-s; some of these same sharp
ers are already at work in the valley
referred to, and it would be well for
intending purchasers to use due cau
tion. As has been stated repeatedly in
these notes, there are several things
that buyers of fruit land in a new
country should do. First, find out
from the horticultural experts at the
state agricultural college whether a
given valley or section in such state is
adapted to the raising of the fruits
which real estate agents claim it is;
secondly, if in a dry country, find out
what the rainfall is from the near
est government weather station and
whether if needed water for irrigation
can be had at that season of the year
when most needed—July and August;
thirdly, whether the distinct is subject
to frosts during blossom time; fourth
ly, whether the soil is sufficiently deep
and suited to fruit growing, and, last
ly, whether the men backing a given
orchard promotion proposition are
honest men who expect to continue
residents of the locality or are down
right knaves who will light out for
greener pastures when they have ex
tracted from the confiding buyer his
hard earned coin. Many a reader will
say to himself. "Oh, this is too much
bother, and, besides, if we take the
time to look up all of these points the
land is likely to advance in value so
fast that we will he heavy losers as a
result." In reply to such a statement
the writer would still urge the pro
spective buyer to use the greatest cau
tion on all of the points mentioned, for
it's a whole lot cheaper to spend "a few
dollars in car fare, board and livery
bills than to tie up a property which
may be worth little or nothing and
which could not be sold later for love
or money. It is so easy to fall a vic
tim of the land and dollar lust, to let
eagerness run away with judgment
and greed outvoice good sense. Be
cause of this we caution our readers
who may be thinking of investing in
fruit land in a new country to keep
their eyes open and play safe.
When a dairyman runs afoul of con
tagious abortion he's up against a
bacterial snag of the stiffest kind. This
means that the stables and other quar
ters where such cows have been kept
must be thoroughly cleaned, sprayed
with a 1 to I.OOu solution of corrosive
sublimate and whitewashed. In the
coarse of a week or ten days the quar
ters should be given another spraying
with the corrosive sublimate. All sus
pected rows should be separated from
the well ones, and those that have lost
their calves should be washed out
daily with a 1 per cent solution of
creolin or lysol, the treatment being
continued until] all discharges stop
Pregnant cows should be given a table
spoonful of sodium hyposulphite dally
in the form of a drench. If cows abort
in pasture or feed lot the fetus and
all accompanying matter should be
burned or buried deep and the spot
heavily limed and the cow immedi
ately disinfected, as above indicated.
Bulls that have been in an aborting
herd should not be allowed with
healthy cows, but should be disinfected
by the same method prescribed for the
21,000 BUSHELS OF BUGS.
One of the most thorough bird stu
dents of New England has recently
compiled some statistics that will be
intensely interesting to bird lovers and
should cause many who have been in
different to the insect problem and
deaf to arguments in favor of bird pro
tection pause and ponder. By careful
ly estimating the number of birds
found in several areas in the Bay State
he concludes that there are not less
than five insect eating birds per acre.
This means that on the 8.000 square
miles of area Massachusetts has a bird
population of 'jr.,SOO,OfiO. On, the as
sumption that each bird consumes on
an average of 100 insects daily—and
this is conservative—it means that the
combined force of birds consumes the
huge total of 2.5< .0.000.000 insects
daily. Assuming, as tin* authority
does, that 120.000 insect* Kill fill a
bushel measure, the daily ration of
this company of birds is 21,000 bush
els: This for Massachusetts. What
would the figures be for the country
as a whole?
THE PROFIT IN SPRAYING.
The Nebraska experiment station
has answered quite effectively the
question, "Does it pay to spray?" in
experiments which have beitfi conduct
ed in different localities la city state
during the past five years. A bulletin
recently issued containing a suruianry
Pf these experiments shows that the
average net gain per acre as a result
of spraying trees was $t'i4.r>3 after de
ducting the cost-of spraying. It was
found that sprayed trees yielded 2JO
bushels per acre of marketable fruit
and fifty-five bushels of culls and
windfalls, while unsprayed trees pro
duced per acre ninety bushels of mar
ketable fruit and eighty-five bushels of
culls and windfalls.
COLFAX GAZETTE, COLFAX, WASHINGTON, JULY 28, 1911.
IN THE SUPERIOR COURT.
John L Canutt et ax vs Frank H
Endaley et al—Trial. Willis F Adams
gave a bond in sum of $8,000 and is
allowed to go on and harvest the crop.
C L Martin va Mary Martin—Trial for
divorce, matter taken under advisement
by the court.
Margaret A Marsh et al vs L C Fisher
and G B Carter as sheriff—Bond of
Margaret Marsh et al to G B Carter for
$1500. Trial as to ownership of per
sonal property. Matter taken under
advisement by the court.
Spokane Merchants' Association vb G
M Howell eta!— Hearing on order to
show cause continued to July 29th at
11 a m.
In the matter of court commissioner—
J M McCroskey, E*q., appointed court
commissioner by the court.
B T Manchester vs Nora Manchester-
Decree of divorce to the plaintiff.
James Campbell vbWT Matney et al
—Decree of foreclosure.
Whitman county vb Efße Schraderand
Charlotte Babson Clowee—Order that
tender now in court be returned to the
county treasurer, as the matter had
been settled with defendant Clowes.
State of Washington vs John Brannon
and George Wilkine—Sentenced to ten
days in the county jail.
State ye Charles Johnson—Sentence 60
days in the connty jail.
States vs Charles Johnson—Petit lar
Eetate^ofjLars Anderson—Order fixing
time for settlement, and order to show
cause on distribution.
Eastate of Mary Scheuerman—Order
Estate of Mary A Thompson—Order
to re-sell real estate.
Guardianship of Waneta Alice Calfee
et ai—Petition for guardian and order
fixing time for hearing.
Guardianship of Allen R Swegle—Peti
tion for guardian and P N Johnson ap
Estate of Martha McNeilly—Order ap
Estate of Frank Rider—Order con
tinning; bearing on contest of John
Rider and of John Rider administrator
to September 12th, 1911, at 11 a m.
Guardianship of Metha L Akins—Order
to pay^money to J E Akins guardian in
Nex Perce county Idaho.
Estate of Samuel L Jamison—Order
Estate of|Sarah A Smith—Order con
firming appraisf ment.
Insanity of Fred Wilkey—Supplemental
order for costs.
Estate of E E Morrie—Order to sell
Estate of John Terhune—Decree clos
Estate of M Bella Elliott—Decree of
Estate of W R Johnson—Order to sell
Guardianship of A M Akin—Order ap
| pointing Mary C Ewing guardian with
i bond of $1,000.
Estate of George Barkhuff— Order con
Estate of John S Gray bill—Letters to
Myrtle Graybill. Order appointing ap
praisers, and order to publish notice to
Estate of Sadie E Burton—Letters
issued to D C Dow, bond |3,500.
Estate of John A Ledbetter—Order
Estate of A M Bigelow—Order ap
Margaret A Marsh et al vs L C Fisher
and G B Carter, sheriff—Action to estab
lish claim to property.
Roger 8 Weston et al vs Bridgee Kelly
et al—Quiet title
An old story in a few words
••Why don't I get better
films and prints?"
Take your work to a pro
fessional Photographer to be
finished. Take them to the
We do better work—we know
we do and we can prove it.
AMATEURS GIVE US A TRIAL
Colfax Meat Market
A. GERBER, Proprietor
FRESH AND CURED MEATS
POULTRY AND FISH
Oysters in Season
Hides and Pelts Bought
119 Main Street Phone Main 101
3^ es Tested
and Glasses fitted by
State Registered Opticians
SHIBKEY & GLABER
The Great Eastern
Whitman County's Greatest Store
A Price Reduction
on Ladies' Oxfords, Ladies' Wash Dresses, Children's
Wash Dresses, Ladies' Wash Skirts, Ladies' Summer
Kimonos, and a big special sale of Embroideries. All are
marked at prices way below the cost of production. Sale
commences FRIDAY MORNING, JULY 28th, and
will be continued until the lines advertised are sold out.
We are making what may seem to the average per
son incredible offers. The best way to satisfy any doubts
one may have of the truth of our offers is to come and
see. And we would advise all who are interested in buy
ing SOMETHING FOR NOTHING to come at once.
Many people are skeptical, but all are not. The skeptic
often misses the Golden Egg by not investigating while
the Gleaner of Truth revels in the values offered so freely
to them. A word to the wise should be sufficient.
Wash Dresses Long Kimonos
Fifty Ladies' Colored Lawn and Ging
ham Dresses at ONE-HALF PRICE. Seventy-six Ladies 1 Summer Weight
$2.50 Dresses for $1.25 Challie, Crepe and Lawn Kimonos, sizes
3.75 .< I#BB 34 to 44, at ONE-HALF PRICE.
4°° 2.00 $1.25 Lawn Kimonos for. 63
450 " 225 1.50 « « .... 75
500 « 2.50 r
900 " 4.50 »2.00 Crepe " ... 1.00
2.25 « » ....1.13
Lingerie Dresses ]ll I 1 ...IS
Forty-three Ladies' White Lingerie 4-oo " « # _ 2.00
Dresses at ONE-HALF PRICE.
$4.00 Dresses for $2.00
tZ : IZ Special Embroidery
S " :::::: S lOe Sale 15c
9 50 4.75 The biggest values ever offered in Em
-1000 5.00 broideries. You will say so yourself
when you see them. 5000 yards to be
¥ orlipo' sold ' all new and cris P» edges 4to 8 in.
LitlUlUO w jd e , insertions 2to 5 in. wide. Swiss
V\7"rml| m^|i»f « and Nainsook Embroideries worth up to
s°c per yard, none worth less than 20c
Sixty-eight Ladies' White Wash Skirts yard- These are divided in 2 lots. Lot
at ONE-HALF PRICE. lat 10c yard. Lot 2at 15c yard.
$2.00 Skirts for $1.00 This is not the regulation season for
2.50 " j # 2s Embroidery Sales, but it is your good
. fortune now to be able to buy all you
Ladies' Wash l want of the best for
Petticoats 10 and 15c Per Yard
AT A BIG DISCOUNT .
S Pettk. oats for;;;;;; ;* 2 ° Shoe Bargains
100 " ... 80
1.25 •« " * \\ " \j 00 Up-to-date styles of Ladies' Shoes at
the cost of leather in them. Better Shoe
I^l «| I , Bargains were never placed before any
V>nilUren S community by any merchant in the "
Wa*li ripoDcnc, world> Tocleanupthelot wewill place
?? cIMI UreSSeS on sale FRIDAY MORNING 100 pairs
Over 200 pretty little Wash Dresses LadiCS> Oxfords and P "mps, Gun Metal,
made of Percale and Gingham, in sizes Patent Leather and Fine K^- Regular
2 to 12, to be sold at ONE-HALF $3-50 and $4.00 stock, styles and shapes
PRICE. strictly 1911, all sizes, a rt% /^ risi
35c Dresses for. 18 P ™ 3>£.UU
50c « . 25 Another lot of Ladies' Fine Shoes,
75c " ...... .38 made °f thC finCSt Xid ' re Sular stock
i.oo " 50 price $3.00 and $3.50, your m 1 fx^v
I>sO v ....... .75 pick of this lot for, a pair.. . J|) | m [)[)
2-°° " 1.00 A well shod f °ot for $1.00