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The sheep pnsture should hnve
a variety of grasses.
Grain fed to sheep on pasture
gives two profits-one from the
sheep and one from the pasture.
Rapid growth Is profitable
growth. Keep the lambs hump-
Ing by feeding through the ewes
and all they will eat besides.
Provide a lamb creep In the
pasture and tench the lambs to
eat grain as soon a 9 possible.
A mixture of crushed oats,
wheat bran and ollmeal should
be supplied. Keep a careful
watch and keep the supply of
grain fresh and clean The
troughs should be flat and shal
The sheep pastures should
have shade. Even if the pasture
Is well provided with trees,
which it should be. there must
also be a good shelter on dry
ground for the sheep to run to
when showers coma
When you see a sheep going
down on its knees frequently
you may be pretty sure that its
hoofs are affected and need
RENTING GOOD RAMS.
English Custom That Would Benefit
Sheep Industry In America.
The practice of renting rams for
service is a very good one, and as a
means of developing our sheep indus
try it should be extremely useful,
writes George McKerrow in the Breed
er'B Gazette. English breeders not
only rent their good rams, but often
take In a few ewes to make up a sea
son's work for a noted sire. Of course
we must realize that their conditions
are much more favorable to such a
system than ours. England is an ex
ceedingly small country compared to
tbe United States, and furthermore
each breed bas its own district, inside
of which nearly all the breeders are
located. The fees charged there for
the best rams seem extremely high to
Americans. Last season a prominent
Shropshire breeder received $25 per
ewe for the service of a ram. How
ever, the get of this ram bad won the
lion's share of tbe leading showing
honors, in other cases tbe ram Is
rented out for use ou an entire flock.
and the charge is from $25 up, vary
ing with the quality of the ram. The
highest rent for a season's work that
!we know of is $450. British breeders
are very exacting in their choice of
elres and are willing to pay well for
In our own country the percentage
of reaJly high class rams is very low,
probably lower than the proportion of
<■ -»"s>& £'■
Photo by American Press Association.
The photograph from which the
Illustration stsown herewith was en
graved was taken at the farm of
P. A. B. Widener. the Philadelphia
millionaire His stock 1b all blue
blooded and comprises all classes
of animals usually found on a farm.
The ewe Is a prize winner of Oxford
pood sires in any other Important class
of lire stock. In every section there
should be n few superior ranis in
many places this is true now. and th»'
owners are usually willing to hreed si
lew ewes to them at a nominal cost
or even to let them out tor an entin
season's work The u»;iu with a trrach
flock does not wsuaily want 10 \v.\ foi
a strictly hiph class ram. tun ii j e Use
a lew pure tired ewes it would aot I.
expensive tor him to have them breo
to the very i>est ram obtainable Hm
he would be able to introduce u,e be*i
liJood into His grade Hock tty the use 01
his own pure bred rams
If our best breeders would offer low
rates of rental tor their top r:mis the\
would be doing the sinvp industry a
great service When one* established
It is easy to see the benefit* derived
and in a short time the Oest rams
would be doiuj; all the work and the
poor ones none When a ruin is taken
for an entire flock a reasonable rate
would be from 2o cents to $1 per bead,
according to the value of the ram
This scale would vary to a much great
er extent when American sheep rais
Ing becomes more intensive and the
full value of a good sire is realized
The Horse's Shoes.
Great care should be taken In shoe
hg the farm horse. Give the same
care as to a road horse. Employ a
snoer who knows how to keep a horse
in balance. If you are skeptical try
wearing a pair of shoes, one with i
high and the other with a low heel or
a bump on one eide of the sole, etc.
The Cow as an Investment
Money invested in good registered
dairy cows is always mighty well
placed. It is safe, and it la as sure aa
anything to bring good retarna,
COLFAX GAZETTE, COLFAX, WASHINGTON, AUGUST 11, 1911.
A York utate orchandist reports a lot
of time saved In clearing brush from
his orchard v.sing a two horse rake.
It took onefourth the time to do it
that it would by hand.
Not the least of the good points that
can be urged in favor of the silo is
that it can be used to provide a succu
lent ration during the summer dry
spell, when flies are bad and when the
milk cows often fail considerably in
their milk supply.
It is a pretty good rule to follow to
cut out the trees about the house or
trim the limbs up until the blue grass
will get a foothold. Blue grass needs
about so much sunshine to do well,
and the folks in the house are the bet
ter for about the same amount.
Many are the drivers of horses who
straugely seem to overlook the fact
that harness repairs are cheaper than
the services of a veterinarian or the
labor involved In equine funerals.
Added to this is the possibility that
the driver may get his neck broken in
the scrape and need the services of an
The putting of the lawn mower away
when through using it and the rub
bing of the hoe and wheel cultivators
bright when through using them are
largely matters of habit. It is well to
remember that it is just about as easy
to form the right habit along this line
as to fall into the bad one of leaving
the tools wherever one happens to get
through using them.
There is good reason to believe that
the codling worm injury to apples this
year in those sections where the crop
was wiped out by frost last year will
be greatly reduced owing to the fact
that there were mighty few apples left
on which the eggs could be laid and in
which the worms could find a harbor.
It is another illustration of the old saw
"It's an ill wind that blows no good."
Townspeople whose places are bor
dered with shade trees can do a real
favor to the drivers perched on the
tops of loads of hay or straw or other
high loads by keeping the limbs which
droop into the roadway trimmed up
It does not sweeten a fellow's temper
to have a part of his cargo pulled off
into the highway or to get a scratch
or welt across the face from these
A new interest has been shown in
irrigation in this country within the
past few years, and in particular since
the passage of the reclamation act by
congress, yet irrigation as a practice
of agriculture is as old as that of
scratching the surface of the soil with
a stick, the forerun nor of the mod
era chilled steel plow. Mesopotamia.
Egypt and sections of our own south
niM show the remains of irrigation
systems hoary with age that hundreds
of years ago lapsed into ruin and dis
While the sweet potatoes grown in
ihe north do not develop the sweet
ness and quality of the Xew .Jersey or
inure southern product, oue can still
raise a pretty fair article. The soil in
which I hey are planted should be rich,
light and mellow and should so lie as
to receive as much warmth as possible
from Ihe suu. a slope to the south, with
shelter of some kind to the north being
preferable. While the practice is often
followed of planting them on ridges,
this is not imperative if the soil is
«ell drained and is kept thoroughly
We watched a gnxeryinan counting
t*ggs into a shipping case the other
day and called his attention to a num
ber of apparently fresh white eggs
that were badly smeared with mud or
manure, due to the hens having in
adequate nesting places. His reply
uas: •Yes; there's really no excuse for
:t. Timse eggs are just as fresh and
rood :',s any that have been brought
in. but the folks were careless. When
they reach the commission bouses
hey will ;;o in as •dirts." whi h cleans
that about 3 rents per dozen will be
fcno< kid off the price."
-\ stirring of the surface soil every
tew days, and particularly after a
rain, will put a blanket of mellow
••anh on the surface that will tend to
keep the subsoil moist and loose in a
condition the most favorable possible
for the development of the growing
plants. It is weii to remember in this
connection that tlie circulation of soil
■ air is as essential to the growth of the
J root system as soil moisture and that
; both are secured by keeping the sur
face soil properly stirred. It matters
\ little relatively how rich soil is if
] the surface is allowed to bake. This
i locks both moisture and fertility up.
and the growing crop suffers as a
The lowa experiment station has
been gathering data recently relative
to the damage dove by the wheat
head army worm in several counties of
the state. Two broods of the worm
hatch, the first feeding from late in
May until well into July and the sec
ond from the middle of August until
frost. Measures which have been tried
to reduce the pest show that early cut
ting of badly infested fields is a help;
Also keeping the grasses cut on the
roadsides and in the fence corners
and early fall plowing. Most effective
of all as a preventive measure was
found to be the pasturing of infested
fields during the early fall. The dam
age done by the worm is largely in the
seed head. Its habit being to eat the
seeds and drop the chaff. In some
fields examined as high as 49 per cent
of the timothy seed heads *ere found
HINTS FUR HEALTH.
Don't take big pills fur liver iile,
But early jump from bed
An' hustle on that cambric shirt
An' run fur the woodshed.
Then git that hick'ry on the block
An' saw fur all it's worth.
You'll soon be bettin' ro;ind the town
Your liver's best on earth.
Tour etummick's full o* holes, you say?
Well, quit your boozin' quick.
An' when you git that offul thirst
Jlst tumble in the creel:
You'll eat as much as that there pig
If you go out an' plow
An' pitch yon field of clover hay
Up into that haymow.
You've got sore corns on every toe?
Gee crippens, they must pain:
You've pared "em clear It.to the bone
An' still they sproi.t again?
Well, here's the cure fur corns, my
Go barefoot with the chickens.
They'll grab, an' off your corns will go
To beat the very dickens!
C. M. BARNITZ.
DON'T BE BUGHOUSE.
An easy way to kill or stunt chicks j
is to put them into coops and brooders !
that have just been vacated without ]
first thoroughly cleaning and disin I
fecting the same. It's like making a '
newborn babe sleep in a dirty cradle.
The chickiet cradle not only gets >
filthy, but is often buggy, and with !
such filth underneath, bad air over i
head and bugs biting nnd sucking !
blood it's no wonder there is such !
slaughter of the innocents and so many !
It's so easy and so simple to clean
coops and brooders and spray them
with an insectide and disinfectant
that just this little word from your
"Dutch uncle" ought to be sufficient:
"Don't be bughouse."
Hare you ever seen an egg with
green mold inside? Well, that egg was
likely laid in a filthy nest and was in
You are reading much about in
fertile eggs, but seldom see anything
about infected eggs, yet do you know
the finest fertile egg may be so infect
ed by its environment as to almost be
come a rot on the spot?
Listen: There's that dirty nest full i
of bacteria in which the egg lies all j
day. There's that hot place in which I
the egg was stored until ready to in j
cubate. There's that incubator thai j
was not scrubbed or disinfected after j
hatch. There's that damp, dark cellar j
with Us smells or that badly ventilated !
room with its rank, dead air where yon
set the eggs and their embryos wen !
weakened or killed.
Yes; there are many ways by whl'-i.
eggs are infected so they become until
for food ami incubation, but this m.-;
mostly be prevented by keeping thru
in clean and cool environment
FEATHERS AND EGGSHELLS.
It is claimed 1,483 persons wen
killed in three months in Chicago bj
bad air in the Burface .and elevatei'
cars. Closed cars seeui as great }:eru.
breeders for humans ;;s ill ventilate,
henhouses are for hens.
A stream of water running through
hen runs is a great convenience en
less the hens are kept on the hoppen
plan, when it becomes a menace to all
stofk on the place.
Mr E. IT Karslake. Honesdale. Pa..
has demonstrated the usefulness ol
the incubator for saving puny pips
that ueed extra heat at birth. Fill up
your incubator with little hogs and
When the Franklin County (Va\
Poultry association counted the re
ceipts and expenditures of its las?
show its receipts were $823 and ex
peuses $823.41. So near and yet not so
If you wish to know whether those
cakes you buy are made of rots au-i
spots or not just heat them. Whec
cold the rots and spots hnve the nor
Dial egg smell, but when hot they
aren't a sweet fonretmenot.
A Pennsylvania incubator manufac
turer claims that his machine hatches
I.2(ii> chicks for less than 21 cents a
hatch. Now. i* that's a lie it's a whop
India Runner ducks originated in a
red hot climate and should especially
tf; the Pacific slope Hnd the southern
states In the last Australian lajins
contest tlitfir average was over 2(X
eggs per year.
It is now law in New York that food
products may be kept in <-i»!rt storagi
only six months unless !;..■ strtte s;i
perlntendent of health extends the
time, and he has the power to make it
sis months longer
If you happen to t>e sold a setting of
rots, don't tf;ire up and send a rotten
letter to the editor. lie is not a "trus
tee of providence." nor does he keej>
his finsrers on all the keys of the uni
verse. Spurious advertisements occa
sionally slip into papers, reliirious and
secular, for editors are not acquaint
ed with all the rascals of the rogues
gallery any more than you are.
The fellow who is too stingy to buy
good eggs from a fancier and buys his
eggs for hatching at a gnxvry re
minds one of the fellow who married
a mulatto because she didn't need t(
buy a hat to save her from sunburn.
At the late New Orleans show the
first prize White Wyandotte hen. val
ued at $1,000. was swiped by a Ijungry
negro, who was captured just as he
|Ras about to cut off her cacklei-. Her
owner fainted for joy when sb* was
restored to his fond embrace.
Winter eggs are not laid by scrubs
any more than by scrub brushes. You
are hatching this season to get pullets
to lay winter eggs that sell at GO
per dozen, but you'll not get them
from stock that looks like 3 cents.
lEe FAIR STORE
wants you to know that they have been receiving
New Fall Tailormades and
New Fall Dresses
every day for the last ten days and have a nice assortment
now in stock and expect more every day. Another ship
ment of those
For Women and Children
Read what the manufacturer says about them and that is
our guarantee, and if you have any trouble you dont have to
ship them back, just bring them in and we will give you a
POSITIVE GUARANTEE THAT EACH PAIR depth and brilliancy.
WILL WEAR ONE MONTH WITHOUT The one small seam in the foot is carefully loop-
DARNING ed and is raveled by hand to the last thread so that
And you get this guarantee whether you buy one no seam can be felt.
pair or a dozen pairs. There are many varieties of stockings and many
No other manufacturer is doing this. claims are made for them, but we give you our
WE DON'T COMPEL YOU TO BUY A BOX honest opinion when we tell you that if 'Lastfor-
We meet the other requirements by knitting ever" hosiery does not please you in all of the re
'Lastforever" stockings of the proper elasticity, by quirements we have named, you need not hunt for
using a new process of dyeing which we guarantee better. But they will please you and
has no poison in it; which leaves the stockings very We want you to buy a pair
soft and comfortable and which is fast and of great And tell your friends how they wear
The Fair Store
The Place to Save Money
Aeroplane Races Every Day
MAMMOTH NIGHT SPECTACLE
"Pioneer Days In the Palouse"
$126,000 Will Be Spent on This Exhi- \
REDUCED RAILWAY RATES l^ijilgfc^
Greatly Increased Prizes ,-Hgjßlll
Many New Cl2sses. Open to All Jilll
917 Hiifrinn TK\r%rU
I Better! f^Sji
Pound Can Hb|^s|3lS
We Haul Everything
Reed, Ripley & Co.
Office at Ripley Pharmacy
Phone Main 11
Don't let the baby suffer from ec
teiLa, sores or any itching of the
skin. Doan's Ointment gives instant
relief, cures quickly. Perfectly safe
for children. All druggistsi sell It.
OOLFAX IGE & FUEL GO.
N. J. HUNT, Manager
Wood and Goal
Rock Springs Nut and lump
TELEPHONE MAIN 791
Am prepared to furnish all kinds
of Auto Supplies; also Tire Vul
canizing. All work guaranteed.
COLFAX AUTO SUPPLY CO.
F. 8. Davis, Prop. 105 Main St.
Only way to get the news is
to read The Gazette.
Owing to the extra volume of
business we are compelled to
change our delivery schedule.
Commencing to-day our deliv
ery will be as follows:
8:00 a.m.—north bound.
8:30 a.m.—south bound.
9:30 a.m.—north bound.
10:30 a.m.—south bound.
11:30 a.m.—General Special.
1:00 p.m.—north bound.
2:00 p.m.—south bound.
3:bO p.m.—north bound.
4:30 p.m.—south bound.
5:30 p.m.—General Special.
We solicit your favors when in
need of anything in the firo
cery line. Our standard,
M QUALITY AM) SERVICE."
Give Us a Trial.
South End Grocery
Still have some of those
You can have one for
Laundry Work Promptly Done
Phone Black 521
la Standard Old Line Company.
H. E. FUNSTON
ROSALIA - . WAJNMCTM