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THE 6OLFAX GAZETTE
THIRTY-FOl rRTH YEAR.
EXPERTS WILL NOT STAY SO LONG
ON SECOND VISIT-OTHER
STATE CAPITOL NOTES.
Olympia, Sept. 13.—An aggre
g;t;< of $1725 is required to cover
the cost of experting the accounts of
the sixteen incorporated municipali
ties In Whitman county, and another
$600 to cover the cost oi checking
the records Of the county itself, ac
cording to ligures taken from esti
mate!- in this respect applying to all
citi.-s. towns and counties in ihe
Btate compiled by the state bureau
of Inspection for use by the various
taxing bodies in the preparation of
their respective budgets. On account
of its size Colfax leads all the other
cities in the county in point ol ex
pense, the figures for it being placed
at $300 For the other municipal
ities the figures run as follows: Al
bion $50, Colton $50, Elberton $50,
Bndicott $100, Farmington $100,
Garfield $150, Lamont $25, Maiden
$50, Oakesdale $s*', Palouse $200,
Pullman $200, Rosalia $50, St. John
$100, Tekoa $150, and Tniontown
$100. The cost of experting the af
fairs in all the counties in the state
is estimated at an aggregate of $70,
--000 while for the cities and towns
the estimates total some $30,000.
The cost for Seattle alone is placed
at $5000 and for King county alone
at $3000. The minimum for coun
ties is $200 and for municipalities
The above estimate of $600 for
checking the records of Whitman
county is for the second examina
tion, which will be made sometime
within the next two years. Exami
ners are ai present at work on the
county books for the first time and
the expense of this visit by the rep
resentatives of the state bureau of
inspection will probably be between
$120(i and $1500. Whitman is the
last county in the state to have its
accounts experted for the first time.
Other tointies farther up on the list
will sool be in for a second examin
From the returns of the Whitman
county board of equalization the
Btate ;ax commission gives out fig
ures showing the assessed valuation
of property in that county ioi 1911
as follows: rural property $20,816,
--332; city and town property $3,425,
--695; total real estate $24,242,047.
Personal property $5,183,254.
Quarter Million School Children.
Children of school age in this
Btate number 276,244, according to
census returns received in the office
of the superintendent of public in-
Btruction. This is a gain of 7,272
over 1910. Spokane county shows
an increase of 2,35*7, which is the
largest increase of any one county.
Yakima county is second, with a
gain of 1105. Whatcom county
shows a decrease of 553, while King
county gained one child.
Assessed Valuation Increase*; 3 per
The assessed value of all property
in the state for 1911, according to
the figures just issued by Secretary
J. B. Koore of the state tax com
mission, will be $950,000,000, as
against $906,000,000 in 1910. Re^l
proper'\ as equalized by the various
county boards is $692,838,000 and
the personal property $119,737,000,
while the street car companies, tele
graph lines and steam railroads
whose valuations are to be fixed by
the stat> board will probably reach
$137,000,000. There is an increase
of about a per cent over last year.
Women to Have Leading Place.
Inasmuch as women suffrage is
now in force in Washington, Govern
or M. E. Hay has requested that the
committees in charge of arrange
ments for the receptions to be ten
dered President Taft during his visit
in this state see to it that the new
voters are accorded places of honor.
In Olympia not only are the women
to be consulted with reference to ar
rangements, but they will also have
representation upon the reception
committee and upon the platform
from which the President will speak.
To Cut Rate.
It is anticipated that a cut vary
ing from 2 0 to 25 per cent will be
made at points from fifty miles out
when the public service commission
puts in force the new distributive
rates. The commission states that
the only question to be considered
will be the reasonableness of the
rates, all quarrels between jobbing
ceinert will be disregarded. The
hearings have of course been held,
and it only remains for the commis
sion to complete its adjudication.
Wants Slice of Goose Hunter's Es
The Gazette is in receipt of a letter
from W, Hass of Rendsburg, Hol
stein, Germany, in which the writer
inquires about the estate of Detlef
Rahn, better known in this part of
the country as "Goose Hunter."
Hass claims to be a nephew of Rahn
and is anxious to get in touch with
some of the property. At the time of
his death last March, Rahn was the
owner of 160 acres of land and a
small amount of personal property.
In settling the estate the real estate
was recently sold for $6400.
COLFAX GAZETTE, COLFAX, WASHINGTON, SEPTEMBER 15, 1911.
More Than tfli.OCK) an Acre from Ap
ples Near Colfax.
Three miles north of Colfax is one I
of the best producing apple orchards
in thi6 part of the country. J. D. j
Ellis of Spokane, owns a few acres j
there which v, ill yield 400 boxes of
Delicious, 1500 boxes of Rome Beau
ties and 1000 boxes of other \arietiesi
this year. The trees are set 50 to the ;
acre and are producing from 10 to 12 |
box«e to the tree. Shinn & Co. of
Spokane, have already purchased the
(rop at $3 and $4 a box. Many of!
the tree 6 will bring $40 this year.
The orchard of Mrs. T. D. Fer
guson adjoins and the combined crop
amounting to from 50,000 to tiO.Uui)
boxes, will be shipped together.
CALLED BY PRESIDENT
MEETING TO BE HELD IN PULL
MAN SEPTEMBER 28 AND 29
FOR STI 1»V OF KNOTTY PROB
Another unusually bad year for
smut has reawakened interest among
the farmers tor an organized effort
to find some effectual remedy for the
evil. President R. C. McCroskey of
the Anti-smut association has issued
the following call, urging every
wheat raiser to attend the next meet
In accordance with power vested
in me at our last meeting ] hereby
call the Inland Empire Anti-Smut
Association to meet in Pullman,;
Wash., on the 28 and 29 inst. Every
one interested in the question of pre
rention of smut in grain is urgently
requested to be present and assist in,
working and planning for the solu- i
tion of this knotty problem. Those j
who for years have given their best !
thought and scientific knowledge to i
the solution of this question think it
is best for the wheat raisers them
selves to get together annually and !
give their experiences during the j
preceeding year, from notes careful
ly taken showing how their grain was
treated, when and how planted and j
the results in the crop. Prof, j
Waller, acting president of the;
State College, will place at our dis- i
posal all the facilities for making
and publishing a report of our i ro
ceedings. Prof. Thatcher, direr-tor
of the experiment station, will bje j
present with such of his staff as may
be desired to answer questions, and |
otherwise do our bidding, but he '•
thinks it will be best for the farmers i
to work out the problem themselves.
It is useless to recount the woeful ,
loss from smut. Every wheat raiser;
is familiar with this subject. Let
everyone therefore who needs help '
come, and every one who thinks he I
can give help come. Let us enter!
upon a ten-year campaign of concen
trated action to diminish or com- i
pletely prevent smut. There is un-!
doubtedly a way better than all other j
ways to eradicate this great scourge. !
Let us try to find that way. If we j
do not succeed we can at least find a j
better way than our present method :
by getting together and comparing j
A program of the convention will
be published in due time.
R. C. McCroskey,
President of the Inland Empire Anti-
In discussing the matter President '
McCroskey says: 1 believe it is a!
conservative estimate that the Inland I
Empire grain raisers lose $1,000,000 1
a year from this pest. This fact gives :
importance to the anti-smut conven
tion to inaugurate a definite and pro- !
longed campaign to rid this part of
the country of smut.
This has been done in North Da
kota, where at one time the smut in
grain was as bad as it is here, but !
where now it is no longer an econom- j
Ie problem. It should be stated, how
ever, that the methods employed at
North Dakota in ridding the grain
fields of smut are not sufficient for
this section. In North Dakota they
raise spring grain and it is easier to
eradicate smut than where fall grain
is sown, the infection in spring being
less than thar in the fall. The en
couraging future of the anti-smut
campaign is that it is started and will
be carried on primarily by the farm
ers, the state college helping in any
way that 1t csn.
"At the state college they are plan
ning to set a man to work on the sci
entific study of the smut problem and
we hope to settle such questions as
'Does smut live over in the ground in
winter'; 'Does the system of tillage
influence danger of smut infection,"
and the effectiveness of certain new
fungicide for treating seed.
"I believe that the anti-smut con- .
vention in Pullman is one of great
Importance to grain growers and that
by comparing notes and relating
their experiences of failure as well
as of success in fighting this pest it'
will be of the utmost value."
TJppitt'* Store Closed Two Days.
Saturday, September 23, is the
Jewish New Year and Lippitt Broth- j
ers' store will be closed. Monday,
October 2, is the Day of Atonement'
and the store will also be closed on :
Infant Buried at Colfax. ,
The infant son of Mr. and Mrs. !
Herbert Coffee died at Bovill, Idaho, j
September 9. Funeral services were j
held at the Christian church in this;
city Monday and burial was in the j i
Colfax cemetery. [
GOOD ROADS AT
COMMISSIONERS CHANGE TIME
LIMIT AND CONTRACTORS
PROMISE LOWER BIDS.
Too late in the season to finish :
their work before the expiration of i
the time limit was the reason given
by the three bidders for making their
figures so high for the construction !
oi permanent roads Xo. 1 and No. 2
in this county. The bids were opened
by the county commissioners last
Road No. 1 is at Garneld and co\
ers a distance of three miles and 485
feet. Engineer J. M. McCaw's esti
mate of the cost of this road, includ- j
ing 10 per cent for contractor's!
profit, was $22,000. Three bids were
submitted as follows: O. H. Strat
ton of Spokane, $25,079.4 0; E. J.
Byrne of Garfield, $26,795; Wilson
Bailey Construction Company of
North Yakima, $28,010.
Only two bids were received for
the construction of improved road
No. 2 out of Colfax. This strip of'
road is one mile and 320 feet in j
length and the county engineer's ea-■
timate of the cost was $K4OO. Strat-1
tons bid was for $9982 while the]
Bailey Construction company sub- i
mined a bid of $10,382.
O. H. Stratton, the lowest bidder,
is an old contractor and is well
known in this city, where he former
ly lived and where he has done con
siderable work. The Wilson Bailey!
Construction company has had much j
experience in grading contracts,. E. •
J. Byrne, the Garfield bidder, is a j
successful farmer with a fund of!
general experience although he has
never built any macadam road.
After careful considering the dif- i
ferent bids the board of county com
missioners extended the time limit
for the completion of the work until
November, 1912, and rcadvertise for
bids. Bidding on different parts of
the grading work was by the yard
and the figures given above are
based on the engineer's estimate of
It is probable that 12 or 13 miles
of macadam roads will be construct
ed in the county next year if the
plans as outlined at the present time
are carried out. About $30,0(1(1 isj
now available for this work and
nearly as much more will be avail
able next year.
Spokane county has been one of I
the leaders in the construction of j
improved roads and it is estimated
that $130,000 will be expended in
the work there next year. In that |
county under similar conditions as j
exist in this county, one mile of
road was improved at a cost of
WILL DELIVER ADDRESS.
Superintendent Mattoon on State
Beginning next Tuesday, the coun
ty school superintendents of the
state will be in annual convention at
Olympia for three days. Superln
tenddent J. O. Mattoon of Whitman
county is on the program to speak on ;
"The County Superintendent's Duty '
as to Certification of Teachers."
Another Whitman county man
booked to deliver a lecture before
the convention is Dr. A. A. Cleveland
of the State college.
President N. I). Showalter of the
Cheney normal and former superin
tc T'dent of Whitman county schools
is also on the program for a lecture.
THRESHERS HUSTLE THINGS.
One Riir Threshes 120,000 Bushels
in :$.") Days.
In a run of 35 days with two and
a half days lay-off Hanna, Davis and
company threshed a daily average of
163 4 sacks. They were operating on
Saner & Getzleff lost only one
quarter of a day in a run of 33 days
between Dusty and Wilcox. Their
daily average was 1523 1-3 sacks.
Last week three n^w auto, licen
ses were issued to Whitman county
people as follows: M. E. Darden.
Bndicott, Ford: J. H. McCandless,
Farmington, Ford; John Dingle. Pa
PHIL COX TALKS ON WORLD-WIDE CROP CONDITIONS
P. W. Cox returned Monday even
ing from Shawnee, Okla., where he
was a delegate to the annual meet
ing of the National Farmers union
and was elected one of the directors.
Mr. Cox reports the Farmers union
steadily growing In strength and the
time not far distant when the farm
ers will have something to say about
the sale of the products which they
have brought into existance and the
profits thereon. The Farmers union
is fighting to cut out what they call
waste In handling between the pro
ducer and consumer. According to
statistics the farmers produced nine
billion dollars last year and the
same products cost the consumer
thirteen billions. It is the aim of
the union to reduce this big differ
ence and bring back to the farmer
the proportion of wealth to which
WHITMAN LOSES BY
ERROR DEPRIVES COUNTY OF TWO
YEARS TAXES-THE LOSS
Because 'he state tax commission
overstepped its authority in 1909
and raised the assessed valuation af
ter the adjournment of the stare
board of equalization Whitman
county has losi $26, 38 in interest.
It is the d it.) of the ax commission
to fix the assessed valuation of lail
roads, but shat duty must be
formed before The assessments
been equalized by th< state board of
equalization, according to a recent
decision of th< supr< me eoui t.
In 1909 the tax commission in
creased the assessment of the 0.-W.
R. N T. company in V\ hitman county
to such an extent that the railroad j
company's tax was raised to $L'L'3,-
--624 or $78,401 more than it would
have been under the assessment as
already equalized for that year. The
railway company refused to pay
their taxes on the increased assess
ment, although they offered to pay
on the old basis. The matter was
carried to the supreme court and the
railway company won out.
Treasurer W. M. Duncan this
week received notice of the decision,
also a letter from the railroad peo
ple expressing their willingness to
pay the same amount which they
offered two years ago. At that time
their taxes amounted to $150,223.62
!of which the county has been de
: prived the use for two years.
Many road and school districts
\ and the general expense fund of the
: county have been in debt all this;
. time because of The non-recei; ♦ of
' the railroad taxes and the loss in in
terest has amounted to $26,73*.
The $150,223.62 which the 0.-W.
R. & N. company is now ready to !
pay will put many districts and :
funds out of debt and on a cash
Whitman county h?c p]r<-.pd'- '■aid
the state several thwpflnd dollars in
taxes on the increased valuation
placed on the railroad by The state!
tax commision and i r is ar open
question as to whettier this amount
' will be refunded by 'he stat^ or not. i
COUNTY BOARD OF KDVCATION'.
Four City Saperintendeate Get Office
J. O. Mattoon, superintendent of'
county schools, has appointed the'
j following men to the county board '
■of education for a term of two
i years: W. O. Hoogestraat, superin
tendent of the Tekoa schools; H. A.
, Ellis, superintendent of Pullmar
schools; E. L. Moses, superintend
ent of Colfax schools and W. M.
Mackey, superintendent of Garneld
schools. The board will grade the
; eighth grade examination papers.
prepare courses of study and in oth-'
er ways assist the county suyerin- ;
tendent in the discharge of the du
ties of his office.
Prosecutor Acts as Sheriff.
Prosecuting Aattorney Paul Patti- .
; son and Deputy F. L. Stotler were
called to Oakesdale Saturday to in
vestigate an alleged hold-up. They
found, that Dan O'Connelh while in j
an intoxicated condition, had drawn
a gun on S. B. Bradum O'Connell
was tri^d before a justice of the
peace and sentenced to 30 days in
the county jail and The prosecutor ;
and his* deputy brought the prisoner
to the county Beat.
Adams Gets Court Reporter.
Eugene Harris of the Valla !
Walla land off.cc has accepted the
position as court stenographer under
Judge Holcomb for the counties of
Adams, Franklin and P-enton. Thes^
fhree counties have been presided
over by one judge for many years,
but the work has grown to such pro
portions that a stenographer was
Schrlber's Automobile Burned.
While ru the road near John
O'Neil's place last Sunday the engine
back-fired snd Franfe S hrlber's Roo
automobile was destroyed by fire. It
wa? insured :n C. B. Moreley's
he is entitled. In 1860 farmers
owned four-sevenths of the wealth
of the country and now they own
only one-sixth of it.
In discussing present market con
ditions and prices with a Gazette
representative Mr. Cox said, "I
think the farmer is in a strong posi
tion if he has money enough to get
along. The crop in Kansas, which
was estimated early in the season at
80,000.000 bushels, has proved to
be only 50.000.000. Russia was re
ported to have an average crop but
it is turning out to be under the
average. Argentine is not as strong
as reported. The Canadian crop is
not harvested and what effect ?t will ,
have on the export trade is un- j
known. The English market has '
hardened and altogether the out
look is good for the farmer with a I
little money." i
. MISS (ODD TO GIVE RECITAL.
Former Col fax Young La<lj Take*
Ip Dramatic Art.
One of Colfax's talented young
ladies, now living in Spokane, is Mihs
Genevive Code) who has been study
ing dramatic art under Miss Dunstan.
Miss Codd is well known here and
her friends will be glad to learn that
she has decided to give a dramatic
entertainment at the high school
auditorium in this city Monday eve
ning, September 25. The entertain
ment will be given under the auspices
of the Athenaeum club. Admission
for adults has been fixed at .".<• cents
and for children at 25 cents. She
will be ac • led by vocalists and
a good ••!. ■ • is assured. Miss
Dunstan speaks verj highly of Miss
SJSIIS TAKES BOY I
FROM JAIL TO HOME
YOI'TH HAD FALLEBi INTO HAD
COMPANY-OTHER YOUNG DE
LJNQIEXTS BEFORE COl XT.
Juvenile cases have been figuring
prominently in court during the past
week. Discretion has been exercised
on the part oi Judge Thomas Neill
and some of the young delinquents
have been eeni to the state training
school and others turned over to
Allen Johnson, the 16 year old;
boy arrested with George Miller for
the St. John hold-up, was turned
over to his sister. Miss Ruth John
son, who came from her home in
Stillwell, Minn., to rescue the way
ward brother. When arrested Mil
ler and Johnson were dividing the
money taken from three men whom
Miller had held up. Young Johnson
had taken no part in the robbery and
was getting only the small change.
When arrested the boy gave his
name as Jackson. Miller plead
guilty to committing the robbery
and was sentenced to the peniten
tiary for a term of not less than five
years nor more than eight years.
After the sister arrived it was ar
ranged tii3r rbe boy should change'
his plea of not guilty of robbery to :
guilty oi incorrigibllity. He was
then sentenced to the state training
school and sentence was suspend* d
with the understanding that he was
to accompany his sister to their
home in .Minnesota where he is to
attend school for a year. His par
ents are also to make a report to
Judge Neill every month concerning
the youth. The brother aiid sister
left for their home in the east Mon
Louis Lopeman. a lad 14 years of
age living in the Thornton country,
was brought into court the latter
r>art of last ween by his mother and
as a juvenile delinquent was sent to
the state training school to stay un
til he is In years >f i.^a. A few
weeks ago he entered Holts store at
Thornton and stole a small quantity
of candy and gum.
Eugene Henry, a Pullman youth,
who has been on probation for the
past two years, was before the court
again last week for being mixed up
in a burglary committed in Clarkson
Brothers' store a few weeks ago.
He was released but is still on pro- I
bation. He is now at work in one of |
the warehouses at Pullman.
Three small buys from Butte have
been held in 'he county jail for the
last ten days waiting for action on
the part of Butte authorities. Trans
portation has been sent for one of!
the boys and it is expected that all
will soon be returned to their homes.
The boys were arrested for breaking
into a house at Tekoa.
HARVEST NEARLY OVER.
Threshing Outfits Pull in After Suc
Nearly all the threshing oui
which went out of Colfax have pulled
in for the season. Among them are
Dirr & Kincaid, Hodge Brothers and
A. B. Nordike. A few rigs have a
few days' more work but the last one
will probably be in before the end oi
The rain of two weeks ago put tLe
ground in fine condition and fall
seeding has begun.
Wheat Market Drops.
It is estimated that nearly half the
'.vheat in Colfax and immediate vicin
ity has been sold. In the western
!>art of the county more has been
sold and probably two-thirds of The
crop is in the hands of the buyers.
Prices have been dropping off a lit
tle in the last three days and were
quoted yesterday as follows:
Red Russian 67 cents
Club 68 cents
Forty Fold 69 cents
Bluestem 71 cents
Oates, No. 1 feed $1.20
Buys Champion Brown Leghorns.
E. H. Rosenkranz has recently pur
chased the entire stock of brown leg
horns from R. J. Belsley of Peoria.
111. The shipment, consisting of 230
birds, is expected to arrive next week
and added to Mr. Rosenkranz's al
ready famous stock, will make one of
the best lines in the whole country.
County Commissioner Married.
M. W. Whitlow, county commis
sioner from the Pullman district, and
Mrs. M. E. Vosburg were married at
Moscow on Wednesday of last week.
Mrs. Vosburg was Mr. Whitlow's
housekeeper for nearly two years and
is well known in Pullman.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
ARE BEING BOOKED
LONG LIST OF HIGH CLASS FREE
Entries for the races at the Whit
man County fair, October 16-23, are
coming in rapidly hut lies close to
day, Septembei 15. Am a rule horse
men wait until the l..st day before
making their entries in order to mts
theii • fee if tl c ml Be should
!>►• takeu Bi< k oi :<•■> any other reason
be unable to atari I nis year, how
ever, has been an exception and many
entries have already been made. The
society is making better arrange
ments to look after the comfort and
converter"l of »h< horsemen than
ever before. Many little detail*
which Lavi been overlooked In the
past will receive attention this year
and the racing men will be made to
feel that they are welcome.
A long list o* V!>"cial free attrac
tions has been secured and the public
is assured that something will be do
ing ali the time for their entertain
ment. Among the !iee attractions
, are the follow ing:
Karro, America's greatest equllb
erist, king of the swinging thread of
steel, who is awarded the palm wher
ever he goes, as the greatest wire
artisi in the world.
The Haley sisters in their neat, re
fined, up-to-date sinking, talking and
: darning act.
W. S. Haley, comedian, Swiss yod
ler and trick violinist In his sing
ing specialties, accompanied by funny
monologues, speeches and jokes, he
; will not try to remind you of any you
| are trying to forget.
The great McHale in his sensation
al aerial performance on the flying
trapeeze bar, introduces Europe's
greatest sensation, the Spanish Cloud
LaSage, the ho man snake in mid
air, introduces an European novelty
in his own original art the "Frame of
Life," rhe limit in contortion actß.
The Haleys, thai Dutch comedian
and charming soubrette, introduces
many sketi hes and all presented with
j the best of vocal fl'i^ts.
Zuzuell, is the acrobatic tramp and
original Happy Hooligan. His per-
I forma nee is a most wonderful com
edy and acrobatic performance tilled
with side-splitting laughter acts.
A band of Coenr d' Alene Indians
will also <amp on t:,e grounds and
. give a daily wardance besides a show.
.Manager Bloom is having the
I buildings and fences repaired and
repainted and new sheds are to be
, built for the accommodation of
horses and stock.
ANOTHER TEACHKR ADDED.
Kiiiollment Has liicreus.d Stemiily
Since Opening Day.
Crowded condition in the fifth
grade has made it uecesttary to en
-1 gage another leather lor the Colfax
: schools. Mrs. H. K. Anderson has
| been secured to teach the fifth grade
in the departmental school. When
school opened last week that grade
in the Main Btreel school was over
crowded and as the pupils lived at so
great a distance from the Third ward
school it was deemed advisable to
make a new division and secure an
other teacher. Present conditions in.
the grade are ideal for individual at
tention and the best work. Kach
n a her now has about 25 pupils.
New students are constantly enter
ing school and the enrolment in the
high school has Increased from 14 1
a week ago, to 147. Several more
Dew students .are expected in the next
few days. In the grades many new
!■ indents nave enrolled since the
PORTLAND ST<X X MARKBT.
Good Demand all Hound and l*:i< es
Receipts for the week have been
1356 cattle: 221 calves; 2002 hogs;
&099 sheep and 10 hoi-
The cattle market na.s been steady
to higher, with top steers at o.SO.
The cow marker ranged steady.
The hog market has held its own
with tops at I t;: >.
The sheep market advanced 10 to
15c with an attractive demand.
Buyers of all quality of livestock
have been eager to get supplies and
there has been an effective clearance
of all offerings.
Alienist to Kxamine WeesJßS.
Superintendent Sempie of the hos
pital for the insane at Medical Lake
has been summoned to examine Carl
Weems next Monday at 11 o'clock.
A hearing in open court will be held
at 11 o'clock and later the doctor
will make such other examination as
he sees fit. The purpose of the ex
amination is to satisfy the court re
garding the mental condition of the
J. E. Hailing, living on Fred Rog
ers' farm south of town, had a finger
crushed in the leveling device on a
combined harvester two weeks ago.
The injured member was dressed
with the hope of saving the finger,
but It is now giving trouble and will
probably have to be amputated.