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THE FRUITS OF
i CITY PLANNING
Wonderful Results Since tSe
US PROMISING FUTURE.
End of Twentieth Century Will Find
the States Dotted With Beauty Spots.
Municipalities Rapidly Adopting the
In talking before the Union of Cana
dian Municipalities on the subject of
"The Twentieth Century City" Henry
B. Macfarland said that a city, like a
man, is body, mind and spirit, it i s
more than the individual citizens, for
it lives on and is not only a legal but
in actual entity separate from them.
Now that the whole world has been
made ■ neighborhood by the marvelous
facilities for intercommunication and
measurably a brotherhood by the mar
velous development of fraternal inter
est every oity learns from all others.
and we compare notes, discuss fail
ures, plan successes and hearten one
another to new endeavors.
Many United States cities caught the
idea of city planning, as it was called
engaged as advisers those or other ex
perts, and now more than fifty cities
adopted plans for developing a
blvfc center of principal public build
ings and from that parks, avenues and
boulevards which shall in the course
of years avail of every natural oppor
tunity for making the city beautiful.
More than half a million dollars has
been expended in such plans in the
United States, and they call for the
expenditure of at least 500 times as
much money in the course of the next
fifty years. No such program of city
embellishment was ever dreamed of or
at all possible before.
It is the united endeavor, as it were,
of our modern municipal civilization
even though each city has acted sepa
rately. All our other cities will follow
the example, and many of them already
have taken steps toward it. At the
end of this century cities of incompara
ble beauty will be found in all the
states of America.
Public playgrounds indeed have been
practically created in ihe past decade.
The need for them had to be shown
first by public spirited citizens who
provided them until the municipality
took them up officially, as was the case
with the kindergarten and other mod
ern improvements in public education.
Public schools and public libraries
which we admired for their buildings,
their equipment and their training in
the nineteenth century would not con
tent us in the twentieth century.
As In the man, so in the city, the
spirit is the most important As a city
thinketh in its heart so is it. Its spirit
determines its life.
TO USE GARBAGE AS FUEL.
Quincy, 111., May Adopt Method In
Vogue In Europe.
While the health board of Quincy,
111., is working to evolve some effec
tive and economical plan for disposing
of the city's garbage and waste, in
formation concerning the experiences
of other cities Is being sought. City
officials are watching the system in
<'!"\"!and. 0.. where the plan of reduc
tion mid the sale of byproducts of the
<-ity's waste is being tried.
Some <ity authorities now are con
sidering converting the street rubbish
as n mass into combustible briquets
for beating boilers They have found
that at Soatbwark. London, mid at
St Oven, Frame, strt-et rnbbMi I*
transformed into ■ marketable prod
uct. At Southwark all Hm» powder
thus made, with the addition of <<IUI-
-bustible substances, is foruntl into a
Besides a financial profit, it Is reason
ed that the danger in times of epi
demic will be greatly lessened by
auch transformation of street refuse.
GET ABOVE YOUR JOB.
Don't Settle Down Contentedly—You'll
Die a Nobody.
There are two ways to "settle
down." One is to settle down content
ed and the other to settle down dis
contented. Give me the man that set
ties down discontented. There's some
hope for him. To imagine that your
nest is all nicely made and to think
that It will stay made are fatal to
growth. Don't settle down on your
Job. Grow bigger than the job. Just
holding down a position won't do. But
making the position of greater impor
tance and making it more profitable
for yourself and your employer are
the things to work out. I know a por
tor who recently worked himself into
the position of receiving clerk by ab
horring to settle down on the porter
job.—Grocery World and General Mer
Shad* Trees Hide Light.
The Binghamton (N. V.) depart
ment of public works will undertake
to remove the obstructing limbs or
many shade trees throughout the city
which now prevent a proper distriou
tion of light. An ordinance in exist
*nce provides that all shade trees snail
be trimmed at least twelve feet from
the ground. Binghamton is a city o
shade trees, but there is scarcely
street where the property owners com
ply with the law.
STRIDES IN TWENTY YEARS
Lynchburg, Va.. Ha,~ Made~R.,7»T- m
able Civic Progress.
The city O f Lynchburg. Va.. popula
tion 30.000, enjoys an enviable record
or civic development during the last
score of years. Twenty years ago
Lynchburg's streets were ill paved, its
main business thoroughfares were con
gested, the stores rendered hideous by
wooden awning frames, while the side
streets intersecting the main thorough
fares were narrow, unsightly and fur
ther marred by buildings 'fere aria
there encroaching irregularly on the
sidewalk line or building lines:
All the principal streets of Lynch
burg now are well paved and kept well
sewered, says Edward H. MaynYld.
An efficient engineering department
has done wonders toward modifying
grades, bridging ravines, widen ng
streets and installing most of the con
veniences typical of a modern city.
Lynchburg has the reputation of be
ing one of the hilliest cities in Amer
ica. For many years this unusual
topography was considered a handicap
to development. In some cases the
street grades are so steep as to render
the usual method of paving or macad
amizing worthless, and the expedient
of laying cobblestones in cement with
boiled tar as a binder in the gutters
and tar macadam surfacing had to be
resorted to that the streets might with
stand the washing of heavy rains.
In spite of all of these obstacles
Lynchburg is now a city of well paved
streets, with adequate sewerage facili
ties and modern sidewalks of either
brick or granolithic. Even the hills
for which the city is so famous are
rapidly becoming an asset to the com
munity by enabling the plans for civic
beauty to be carried out on a scale im
possible where the topography of the
outlying country and the city itself is
Three years ago Lynchhurg complet
ed a waterworks system costing more
than $1,000,000. Water is brought by
the gravity system from Pedlar river.
a mountain stream, twenty-seven miles
away. It is abundant for the needs of
the city at all times.
CAMPAIGNS BY WOMEN.
Their Clubs Invited to Discuss Public
Women's clubs throughout tho coun
try are being asked from their public
i health headquarters in Nashville, Term.,
to study nine topics, to "talk" nine sub
jects month by month and to conduct
: nine monthly campaigns of education
| during 1911-12. The public health de
: partment of the General Federation of
; Women's Clubs, Mrs. S. S. Crockett
: chairman,announces the following stib
i jects for irse by all federated clubs
and all other women's organizations
: desiring to co-operate:
October—Community Health: "Know
Your City" Campaign.
November—Social Hygiene: Educa
tion In Home and School.
December — Tuberculosis: Ventila
tion and Fresh Air.
January—Mouth Hygiene: Tooth In
February—Clean Food: How and
Where to Find It.
March — School Hygiene: Medical
April -Conservation of Vision: Pre
vention of Blindness.
May—lnfant Mortality: "Don't Kill
June —Food Sanitation: Needless
The entire health machinery of the
federations and thousands of local
clubs will be centered on this program
of study, "talk," and real work, with
new plans and original ideas, will be
announced from month to month.
OIL GOOD FOR ASPHALT.
Drippings From Moving Autos Benefit
Condition of Pavement.
In a discussion on pavement mainte
nance before the American Society of
Engineering Contractors the effect on
asphalt and bituminous macadam
streets of oil from automobiles was
discussed. Concerning this one speak
er said: "If the distribution of the oil
Is very excessive it would be very in-
Jnrious. If, for instance, an automo
bile stood for five or six hours a day
dropping oil on a given area of pave
ment, the oil would in time soak in;
but, on the other hand, a slight amount
of oil dropped by moving automobiles
on our excessively traveled boulevards
is a protection to the pavement
"The best asphalt pavement I have
ever seen is in front of a Chicago ho
tel. The only reason that I can con
ceive for that being better than the
other pavements of its class is because
of the large number of automobiles
that have kept the surface of the as
plant at all times coated with a thin
film of oil. which, I believe, has kept
the immediate surface in a durable
condition. Such a slight quantity of
oil as drops from the engine, followed
by the spreading of the oil by the au
tomobile wheels, is. I believe, a great
protection to a bituminous pavement
Biloxi, Miss., Has a Good Schema.
The newest thing in the public recre
ation movement is the plan of the
Commercial club of Biloxi, Miss., to
make a systematic survey of its re
lources for "fun" and "good times" for
residents and visitors. The club hopes
to help people to know how to have •
good time and also to increase the op
portunities for pleasure. Biloxi is the
third oldest town in the United States.
COLFAX GAZETTE, COLFAX, WASHINGTON, NOVEMBER 10, 1911.
IN MANY FORMS
Child Labor, Tuberculosis and
Playgrounds Claim Attention,
FOUR SUCCESSFUL METHODS.
The Survey, the City Plan, the Cam
paign and the Permanent Organi
zation Fundamental Means of Ob
taining Municipal Improvement.
We are living in a new era. Who
ever passes with open eye through
this country today will see the evi
dences of a new civic spirit on every
side, says Henry S. Curtis. Ph. D.
Everywhere new social organizations
are springing into being. City and
state organizations are uniting to form
national or international ones, and
civic activity is becoming the fashion
throughout the United Slates and even
in European countries. Germany is
especially active in this respect.
The rate of progress is accelerating
with each year, as any observation of
the growth of the child tabor move
ment, of the anti-tuberculosis move
ment, of the playground movement or
of the boy scout movement will re
veal. Probably less than 10 per cent
of those who are giving of their time
and money to civic causes today were
thus active fifteen years ago.
An analysis of recent movements
[ seems to show at least four funda
mental methods more or less common
to and equally applicable to all on
. which their success has largely de
pended. They are the survey, the
i city plan, the campaign and the per
The best of these methods is the
survey, the study and analysis of so
cial conditions or the physician's diag
nosis of the case. The doctor of old
: diagnosed his case into measles or ty
| phoid and treated this. The modern
doctor has carried his analysis one
step farther back. Through research
! he has discovered the bacillus that
produced the disease and the serum
that will destroy it. He is no longer
, fighting an unknown enemy in the
dark, but applies his remedy with
much greater exactness to the source
1 of the trouble.
In the same way it is impossible to
deal scientifically with social ills un
| til we have the same sort of diagnosis.
[ Dependence or delinquency cannot be
treated successfully as things in them
selves any more than typhoid. They
are mere phenomena, and the cure
must go back to the causes. If one
of the chief sources of these condi
tions is industrial accidents then build
ing orphan asylums and reformatories
cannot solve the problem. It can only
take care of the product. It is the
same sort of wisdom that would lead
physicians to spend their chief efforts
in laying out cemeteries instead of
This method of the survey has gen
erally been recognized as necessary in
medicine and a few other fields, but it
has not usually been thought of as a
universal method, which should be the
first step or nearly the first step in ev
ery social movement.
Yet if the question is the establish
ment of playgrounds the city or town
needs to know what play spaces the
children have at present in the door
yards and courts, in streets and al
leys, in the parks and schoolyards;
also what physical and moral dangers
surround this play, what vicious
amusements are open to children and
what are the results in evil habits and
delinquency, in lack of resourcefulness
and in physical weakness of this re
striction and perversion of the play
If the movement is one to reduce
mortality among infants, then the town
needs to know the infant death rate,
the diseases of which the children die
and the causes of these diseases, where
the death rate is highest in the town
and the causes of this variation.
If the movement is for the preven
tion of juvenile delinquency, then the
town needs to know the prevalence of
lelinquency, its relation to race and
poverty, to parks and playgrounds, to
saloons and alleys, and what sort of
offenses are committed in the different
Every movement, of course, makes
some offhand diagnosis of its case, but
It is often like the diagnosis of the
country doctor a generation ago, who
looked at your tongue, felt of your
pulse and then prescribed something
"to make you feel better." There can
be no certain remedies until the causes
of the trouble are known, and, despite
recent progress, more thorough and
scientific investigation of the condi
tions is one of the greatest needs, still.
Shirkey & Glaser
At the sign of the Street Clock
BOSS FLORENCE BOHANNON
Carroll & Mohney Hall
11 a. in. to 5 p. m.
9 a. m. to 12 iv.
iO O T
R T 207' E
R T Main N
E E St. O
S R G!
P I R
|O L A
N L P;
ID Colfax, H '
E Wash. E. El
N B. R
DR. KING, Spokane
Has sold his interest
'j£iSK£*SkM in tlie King Optical
v. vjy.>7 Co. and The King
./" '"'■''■■'..'' Co. His office now
326 Paulsen Building
DRAY AND TRANSFER
For quick and reliable service phone
DAVIS DRAY LINE
Household Goods and Pianos a Spec- I
laity. Office phone 66. Residence
phone 224 J.
C. 0. DAVIS, PROP.
Mr. Business Man
Three Years Insurance for
Two Years Premium on
Your Brick Building.
S. E. Burgunder
DO YOU KNOW
that we are very successful in
getting nice photos of Children?
All other subjects are easy to
See name on display case.
said do business with
the man who does the
most business. There
is a REASON for it.
Col. L. STROBEL
Cries more sales than
any one else. There
is a REASON for it.
CHASE & SANBORN
in several different blends Is
W. H. Lacey
The Leading Grocery
Tell us your wants —we'll
TEMNY ADV. CO. ipT*™. Bw°£
keeps the Gazette on file and are Its
authorised agents for advertiaem»otj
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Write for informatiton
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these popular and well known brands—
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DISTRIBUTORS, Colfox, Wash.
BOTH SroES OP
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some, pure foods always at tthe min
Phone Main 71.
Erwin A Son, Prop*.
MARVELOUS IS IT NOT ?
size of tire.
If the tiny balance wheel of a watch
• should continue in one direction it
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: three years. Think of the care any
I engine would receive performing
: this task. The delicate parts of your
I watch require attention or ruin will
result. Let me examine it. All
work guaranteed, and my prices are
right. Am located in Ripley's Phar
R. W. PHIPPS.
Farm Land for Sale
Best Wheat Lands in Western
Whitman County at $2500 per
acre and np. Write for list and
terms. Old Line Insurance and
GEORGE W. TAYLOR
PIOBEER REAL ESTATE ACIiT
LaCrosse, - - Wash.