Newspaper Page Text
Skimmings from the News Pot—A Medley of
Facts, Fancies and Events Boiled Down.
. At Milwaukee, milkmen must register.
Canned sweet potatoes are the latest gro
At Milan all the leading stores are in a four
The railroads oonsnme half the coal used in
The lead trust has disappeared. It sank of
it» own weight
A.bout 140,000 tons of shoddy are shipped
from Germany yearly.
Klectric motors are to by used on the under
ground railway in London.
Laurel, Delaware, is one cf trie 1 ir^ r; :-t fnrt
shipping mari.i'trt in tin- world.
In the United State there are 110,000,080
ncres in wheat, com, rye and oats.
The bagging trust has shutdown tight of the
firms in the combination.
Britannia rules the waves no longer. This
is the reign of the ironclad
X '.• South Wales, Australia, increased its
shtep 8,000,000 during the year.
Many emigrants are passing through Mon
tana to Washington territory.
General Sheridan's memoirs will be publish
ed in London on Nevember 20.
The amount of strength exercised in .■■.!! or
dinary handshake is eleven pounds.
Italy's coral fishery that used to employ 4000
men. now furnish work for oily 1000.
The New York Sun says the prohibitionist
is the person who cheers, but not inebriates.
The bullion product of L.-adville, Colorado,
is estimated at $2 000,000 lets than last year.
London held the first world's fair in 1851,
Paris held the next i:i iB6O and the third in
J < • o.
A severe drought h;n nearly exterminated
the rabbits in Ron.c portions of New South
Alexander 11. Stevens during his life time
pave 150 boys and fifty girls collegiate educa
A>qua-.h that was five feet, four inches in
diameter was exhibited at a fail in Boise City,
It has been estimated th it an average of live
feet of water falls annually over the whole
The largest carpet in the world is at the Cin
cinnati exposition. It measures 2700 yards in
The Pennsylvania Central company owns
GO.OOO of the 80,000 freight cars in the United
A Texas man was fired at and the bullet was
turned aside by a pack of cards in his breast
Pet dogs wearing seal skin blankets are
among the sights to be seen on Broadway,
The Hell-gate electric tower has been sold
for old iron. The light was said to have blind
ed the pilots.
In many towns of Germany the boss barber
Mver shaves people. He pulls teeth and does
It is estimated that there are between 150
and 200 American bocdlera, big and little, in
various paits of Can.vla.
New Yorkers have taken out 4047 patents,
more than any other state. Pennsylvania,
with 8,109. comet second.
A terrible cattle disease is raging in the
Philippine Wands. in one province alone
over 66,000 animals have died.
It lias ' sen decided by the supreme court o
Indiana that college students of legal age have
the ri*ht to vote in college towns.
[n one of the Italian quarters in New York
a shave can now be had for three cents. And
yet most of the Italian-prefer to wear beards.
In Vhila lelphia the classes in the Industrial
Art school cumber -sOO pupils, and the Ladies
Decorative Art Club has two hundred mem
South Africa, Colyon and India are now
paying much attention to tea raising, an 1
China's great monopoly seems to ba on the
An American elevator will assist in trans
porting visitors to the top of the- thousiuid-
foot Eiffel tower at the world's fair in Paris
Pueblo, Col., is to have a new union railway
station which, with the grounds, will cost not
I less than $200,000. Five railroads center at
The day of the lons seal skin cloak is about
ovor. Short seal skin jackets are coming into
fashion. The Louis IV jacket is also looming
*■ A single pair of herrings, if allowed to repro
duce undisturbed for twenty years, would not
iinly supply while world with food, but
would become inconvenilly numerous.
The Buffalo Express says: The United
States will have when the count of comes
to be made, more great cities than any other
country in the world now has or ever will have.
A colored man named Bradley, who died at
Dcnton. Md., a few days ago, was noted for
his great strength. lie had on occassions
walked through the streets with 800 pounds of
iron on his shoulders.
A Mrs. Manning, of Illinois, who died a few
days ago, took to her bod nine years ago, de
claring that she would never leave it because
her MSI married ■ girl she didn't like. She
tept her word.
A Chicago man was sentenced to twenty
years imprisonment the ether day for stealing
» pint bottle of whisky. If it had been a
quart bottle the unfortunate wretch would
probably have expiated his crime on the gal
A Philadelphia!! in moderate circumstances
recently Rave a poor woman two twenty-five
cent pieces to hold the lids of her dead hus
band's eyes down. Just before the funeral he
gent his man around to secure the return of the
Two you'- women of Allegheney, Pennsyl
vania, read somewhere that the iuioe of water
melon would beautify the complexion. They
tried it, and with faces broken out, red and
poisoned, have concluded that it is not al
ways wise to toy with nature.
The n;< st original as well as artistic suicide
yet, comes from Vadkin County, X. C, where
-vne Rufjis Rcvis broke into his neighbor's still
room, and putting one end of a syphon in a
barrel of chain lightning and the other in his
mouth, got so entirely full that he had not
space for b«eath.
Harry Allen was a wild Maine youth, who
alß ' his family a lot of trouble, and finally
*"" o ff to the west He procured a situation
• a store in Washington territory. One day
h b»prcne'' '" sas" to l'lo Btore'ice Per that
he'd got quite a l<ile and ought to put it in the
bank an(-'tnß man replied: "Don't do that.
Put your money into land." Hairy took his
dvice, bought land, and after that invested
* . cry dollar he could raise in the same way.
When jj 6 was about -1 he Baw a chance to
-ke a big trade, and made it. Then his
ther went into the same speculation, and
* y nut up mills and engaged extensively in
!h! lumber business. To-day Harry Allen is
,»ki to b« worth 8150 000.
JOHN B. ALLEN AT HOME.
Oar Next Delegate Tendered a Great Eecf pticn
by His Townsmen—His Speech.
Walla Walla was alive with enthusiasm last
Friday night, when a great reception was
tendered to John 15. Allen by his townsmen.
Following is Mr. Allen's speech on ihs occa
Ladies ami gentlemen of my Rood Lome,
the city and county of Walla Walla: I feel
that my feelings and emotions have run
away with my judgment to-night; that my
will has mutinied, and that my reason refuses
to tit .it the helm to guide my thoughts. This
magnificent demonstration, this triumphant
an-3 exultant display, are bat tp me another
demonstration of your generosity, in so far as
tiny relate :.■■ me and I <!o v ■■ arrogate that
they relate t.> me except to the most limited
extent; but I say this magnificent demonstra
tion is but another proof of the good will and
generosity of the people of Walla Walla
toward me During tho last fifty or sixty
days I have traversed Washington territory, j
I have gone through its du-t; I have gone
tlii < _;li its mud; I have gone over it-* hills,
through its forests, along its highways and its
trails. I have endeavored according to the ■
letter and spirit of my obligation to dis
charge t'i'' duty: to meet the great honor and
responsibility that (ho republican party east
upon me, and wherever I have gone the hand
of friendship has grasped mine, the sunshine
of favor and of kindliness have been upon
me. Not a clou i, it seems to me, has obscur
ed my horizon save one, and that was that in
c the limited time permitted me for the canvass,
I against my will, against my inclinations but
under the authoritative directions of those who
had the management of our campaign in their
| .lids, 1 was not permitted even one day with ■
tlm people of Walla Walla county, "ho had so
honored and trusted me.
In the duty that you cast upon me tho labor
has been luht. In fact it hisn >t been labi >;
i;. has been freed fromevery c-.irv: it has been
freed from every anxiety, because, as I told
you, wherever I have u r -ne there his been the
!. i;.i\ o; friendship, tin re has been tbe smile of
t ivor, and now, ladies and gentlemen, confess
ing, as 1 must, that my emotions have control
of my mind, I cannot give utterance to the
thoughts mi.', feelings that press upon me to
night, but I will call your attention briefly to
a few matters before I retire
1 have this conviction, that although it was
not my lot, it was not my privilege to stand be-
fore the people of Walla Walla county in this
canvass, yet I feel that far beyond my merits,
far beyond any claim that 1 had, that my ab
sence has been more than accounted for in
the efficient work done by my friends. I come
back here with this consolation, that while it
was not possible for me to stand before the
jwople of Walla Walla, yet I feel that in my
absence greater things hive been achieved for
me in this county than ini-;ht have been with
my presence. I come here to-night to rejoice
with you, that from your candidate f"r the
legislative council down to the justice of the
peace, the republican party of Walla Walla
county has most grandly and most signally
triumphed, with a Bingle exception. Out of
our generosity to a most estimable Christian
gentleman, we have swapt the entire ticket,
leaving to our democratic brethren in the per-
rtf n. u-mttiv I'loKtim tipio\f*T thft ronso—
><'ii Ii i* MOILUJ (. IlinLLtll UlUllObCl Hie WIHU
lations of holy religion and a probate judge
to administer upon the effects of the deceased :
Within a broader party scope I come here to '
congratulate you upon the signal victory achi-
v. .1 throughout the territory of Washington <
I feel that this great victory has been achieved
because the republican party of Washington
territory stood upon a broad, comprehensive ,
and manly platform. I come here to congratu
late you upon the fact that the republican
party iii Washington territory, by reason of
the zeal and of the earnestness and of the in
telligence and enterprise of our newspaper ureas,
by reason of the energy and the eloquence of
our political speakers and the enthusiasm of
bur young men, is restored again to her ac
customed place within the lines of the na
tional republican party■ [Applause.] I come
to congratulate you, ladies and gentlemen, in ■
a still broader and comprehensive sense. I ,
come to congratulate to-night that the nation
al republican party, the party of Abraham
Lincoln, of Ulysses Grant and James Garfield, (
has again been returned to power and the ad
ministration of affairs of this nation. I come
to congratulate you that by reason of the
triumph of the national republican party,
Washington territory, with her school house*,
her churches, her industries, her cities, towns !
and villages, and intelligent population, shall
not longer be the victim of partisan wrong,
but that the day of her deliverance is at hand. (
[Continued applause.] I come to congratulate
i-,.*i iM-niiilil tli-it in lli*» Kilmiuinn (if ihn >it:»te I
you I 1 '"■'ll L; II L maL 111 lilt: ■uuiwhuu Lit tilt; I* liiLO
of Washington, if it were possible, another
flower is to lie added to the airland of im
mortality that already crowns the name of
Washington I come to congratulate yon
upon the fact that the great national party |
that founded and fostered and developed and
is still extending our industrial system, has '
been called back again to guard and pro- !
I congratulate you, ladies and gentlemen, j
that upon the restoration of the republican .
party we can look forward to the day when the
humblest citizen within the limits of this nation
will stand "ii a political equality with the
greatest; when the vote of every citizen shall .
be freely cas-t and honestly counted. I con
gratulate you to-night, my fellow citizens, that
the b indana does not, fall up the shoulders of !
the next president of the United State*, bat,
on the contrary, the mantle of Lincoln and of
Grant and of Garfield falls upon the shoulder* i
of one who is in every way worthy to wear it.
[Applause.] I congratulata you upon the pros- ;
pect that no man who has bared his breast or ,
exposed his life for this great nation, shall be
permitted to end Li* lays in a pauper hou-e.
[Applause.] Thicker than doves to the win
dows, it seems to me, the thoughts and the
r>' i~o:is Buck to my mind why we s'uoiiM COI
gTatulate ourselves on tliis magnificent tn
nmpli. 1 stood but a few days aco upon the I
■1 on iof the ocean, a:id ■ far as the rye a
stretch across the infinite breadth I saw I
stic waves and heard their deafening roar;
greater than the voice of many waters is
eean of triumphant shouts that sweeps in
. i ce< - iwi from the Atlantic to the
This, however, is not a time for s; each; I
i.- not a titue for argument: this is the hour f *
the booming of cannon and the (peaking of the i
anvil and the shouts of the multitude. And,
ladies and gentlemen, with these thought?,
with their congratulations, I bid you good j
night, and from the depths of my heart I tell
you I thank you over and over again for the ;
great honor you have conferred upon me.
Four young men at Honesdale, Pa., loved ■
the same girl and met and fought to see who !
should marry her. After they had blackened j
each others' eyes and skinned each others' ■
noses she shook the crowd and married a
FARM, RANGE AND GARDEN.
Statistical and Instructive Notes for the Farmer,
Stockman, Gardener and Dairyman.
Thorough culture will help growing
crops to withstand drouths.
More f»ew vineyards are being jlant
ed in western New York than ever
Tiie annual yield of one of Cali
fornia's !>;;,' grape vines in over three
tuns of grapes.
England produces U-ga than half
the vegetable produce consumed with
in her border^.
An English authority s:iys an acre
I - jndiciou y us d his gr< a! i
feeding value than ensilage that can t*
made frbm the Bame ground.
In France every school has its garden
and teach* ra are required to pass an
examination in regard to their knowl
edge of such subjects btfore they can
Oats fed frequently to huu^rv
chickens are apt to kill then}. Ti ■
fowls i*at too large quantities at once,
the oats swell in the crop, and the
points of the oats penetrating the crop,
induce inflammation, ending in death.
In Japan there are sill: worms that
subsist on the leaves of the oak. As
they can not withstand any gnat
change of temperature they are un
fit for our climate. Attempts are
being made to acclimate them in
S ;me men are naturally good milk
ers. They hive a firm yet gentle band
arid a vv;>v of winning the cow's con
fidence. No man can be a good milk
er who is indifferent to the cow's con
tort, or «!:o is continually fctirtling
the animal by hasty words or other
An experimenting farmer says the
must critical period with corn is when
the seed is maturing or lilling, and it
is then that the roots should have ap
propriate matter within reach, for the
nourishment of the crop, A little fer
tilizer when the crop is in tass'4 gives
it new life, and the increase in the
yield pays well for the extra care.
A poor cow is a bad purchase at any
price, if she is to be used in the dairy.
At best, the profit for her will be small,
while she may entail a loss; while an
excessive price paid for a superior cow
may be returned in the larger profits
derived from her. Such a cow is cheap
at any price within the bounds of rea
son. There is; seldom a loss in buying
first class stock.
A correspondent asks if it will pay
to feed potatoes to stock. Well, that
depends entirely upon the price of
potatoes and the price of other feeding
material. We have no hesitancy,
whatever, in saying that it there is
nothing else of a similar character on
the farm to feed, it will pay to occa
sionally feed potatoes to stock, what
ever may be their price, unless some
other like food is procured.
Keep your tools in place and in
order. How many farmers when they
want an ax, hammer or spade, have to
ransack the woodhouse, barn and all
over the farm. The time wasted look
ing up tools, and working with dull
ones, besides the aggravation of tem
per, is worse than wasted, while if
we could get the boys in the habit
of order in keeping tools in proper
places how much better it would be.
In spite of the protests of many of
her best thinkers and writers—says
Our Country Horne — Great Britain
shows a tendency to become a I: in! <i
graziers instead of cultivators. The
returns sho»v that in 1883, as com
pared with 1882, there was a falling
of in area devoted to grain and root
crops of 214.700 acres, it is an ac
cepted fact, however, that dairying,
poultry keeping and yinlening are on
the increase, especially in central and
Prof. Dabney, tin- state chemist, of
North Carolina, says, regarding whai
crops take out of the soil, that "100
bushels of wheat contain 46 pounds of
phosphoric acid, 30 pounds of potash,
and 12") pounds of nitrogen; 100 bush
els of ccrn contains 33 pmini* of
phosphoric acid, 29 pourida of potash,
and 9G pounds of nitrogwn; 1000
pounds of tobacco contains 7 pounds
of phosphoric acid and 54 pounds of
potash. The 4*0,000,000 bushels of
wheat produced in this country in
1880 contain 1,000,000 lbs. phosphoric
acid, 720,000 ions of potash, 2,800,000
tons of nitrogen, these quantities being
ten times as great as those contained
in :<li the manures u^ed •>'.< all the crops
in tjiH rjmted States tint year.' 1
■"' No-tj:;.'' on the farm is better spent,
says the MaHsachuHetts Ploughman,
■han that of thoroughly destroying all
weeds before they ripen any seed; ro
do this two or three years lessens the
labor of cultivation at least one-half,
ail'! at the same time very much in
creases the product of the garden or
field. Some farmers say that ns the
manure is full of weed seeds, it is
hut little use to try to get rid of
cd-- in the garden; but they forget
that it is tv much their o»n fault
tint weed aPt-ds g^t into the nianur-.
If every farmer would make it a
part of his business to a?,e to it that
no weeds -<> to seed under the fences,
and around the cultivated fields and
compost li-'-p, it would be but a few
years before he would find his manure
quite free from weed seeds. The
labor of mowing around (he plowed
land and fences, before the weed«
are old enough to seed, is not half
the labor that would be required to
destroy the weeds that would come
from the seeds, if permitted to stand
to ripen their seed.
At m-ar'y all the fashionable church wt-.1
--: d;u = 'S now little chalk marks are liiade on the
! carpet in front of the chancel to tell eucli
member <>1 the brM i! party where to itand
, This v in order to have tbem at refrolai
! taaces and to mike a ;,'ood appear»nee. And
it compels the groom tt> "toe the mark" rather
early in his conjugual aiperience.
CANADA MAY COME IN.
Until recently, the idea of Canada
joining with the American union was
entertained by few individual? and no
particular concern was felt t>y the
masses on either side. Indifference on
thf side of the states and b stilitv on
; rt of the p«» in would about
expn S3 the i
Cai via B en i 1 '■ > hold the mother
country in such rugard and esteem as
not to be willing to consider for a
I moment the project of disconnection [
with old England, while they held the
people of the states in abject horror,
r.n i our national institutions as inferior
in <•■•'• -tv pfirticHilar to tho^e ins'itufed
by John Dull Bui ' '•■• times have
changed and the Canadians hive
changed with them. The long bound
ary Jin" between the United States
and the provinces has brought the peo
ple mi nearly together they have ;ilnio>t
i!,- 11.-l 1.-- d into one Motemer, the 11 mi
t» r of C . :■ ■!• .us new iivinir iii die
(.ill'! States la SSllll t-i be '■■:,'!
I th»n those ri in:iii:i! ill Canada, These
have their relntions and fiietids living
in the provinces and a bond of friendly
sympathy unites them as though they I
were all living under one flag.
There are very few opponents to 'lie |
union on either sido ex ept the office
holders and politicians, the Canadian
Pacific people and the ultra tories who
worship the monarehial and aristocra
tic idea of government. The !;u>>jectis
being discussed in a friendly manner
Oil both sides of th« line. The provin
ces think they need five intercourse
with the United States government
and would be much safer under such
protection than to 'c left under the
care or Britain. The United States!
needs the. raw material so abundant in
Canada md under a protective, tariff
«iii no tariff ■ *■' ■■■■■■! the two each
would be -neriiti-i by close commer
cial union as well aa a government
The difficulty heretofore apparent
was the fear of opposition from Great
Britain. The. United States has felt
that however gieat would be the ad
vantages of a union with the provinces
it would not pay to wake the ire of
England by advancing in that direc
tion. But Senator Sherman says an
nexation is inevitable and to be brought
about by the initiative of the Cana
The government difficulties in the!
way of onion f.re not at a!! serious.
The provinces would b< com" states and
would form their own constitutions
and regulate their own local affair;
with lnori: freedom than they now en
joy. The Dominion debt of $300,000,
--000 wou'd, of coarse, be assumed b\
tho United States. The Canadian
aenatois and representatives would
take their seats in congress The Ot
tawa government would dissolve, the
custom houses along the boundary
would be closed, Dominion public lands
land properties would be transferred to
the union. Dominion postmasters arid
other tilli'.-i.-ils would become United
States i>lh'.-iri!-', ar.d tli;: whole business
would be accomplished without friction
or irritation. When once accomplish
ed people would soon wonder why it
had been so long delayed, seeing the
immediate advantages accruing from it.
A tramp went from one saw mill to
another with his hand tied up, Baying
that an accident iiad deprived him of
the use of his hand, ar.d securing aid
from the men, wj.s sentenced by Judge
Nash, in Ellensburg, to two years in
the penitentiary, the fact having been
discovered that his hand was whole and
SOME NOVEL ESCAPES.
i Two Good Stories Related liy Intelligent
While Mr. Ander i n was leisurely tray
! cling through South Africa in a wagon
i drawn by sixteen oxen, he heard from tho
! bushmen niony ctoricsof their remarkable
! escapes from lions, says a writer in Golden
j Days. One bushmau, having been seized by
| the arm by a lion, had the presence of mm .
I to use his free arm to take up a handful of
i sand and throw it in the lion"» eyes. The
beast, roaring with pain, and blinded, lei
go the man, who ran away before the lion
could recover his sight. Mr. Anderson saw
the man, and the marks of the lion's teeth
! on his arm.
That lion was not as cool as a sergeant 111
the United States army, who was stationed
at one of l!i ■ forts on the We tern pla us.
I A soldier, having deserted, was captured by
the sergeant in a mining camp fifty miles
from the fort.
While returning they were passing a sa
loon, and tin; prison begjred the privilege
of going in and gelling a drink The ser
geant consented, and they went in together
and stood before the bar, on which was a
! pepper-box filled with cayenne pepper. Tiic
soldier took the box up, unscrewed the per
! forated lid, threw a handful of the red pep
-1 pei into the sereeant's eyes and started for
the door. The blinded man, though suffer
ing intensely, retained his self-possession.
Ho drew his revolver, fire ! in the direction
of the retreating footsteps and shot the de
serter through the heart.
A bushman, on being seized by a lion,who
1 grasped the man's left arm with his teeth,
used bis free arm to take hold of one of the
I beast's hind legs. This he squeezed and
pinched so hard that the lion gave a roar
I and sprang away.
' • Economy l( '>■'<• I'urnare Door.
The best e:iL'::ieer in CUnslonJom, says
Practical EUctrictty, can not produce the
best results with liti plant when he has to
depend on an uns:t:.ied fireman, or upon
I himself, aoiiag al-.o ur. tin-man. It is a
j common notion that any body can shovel
I coal into r, furnace, and that this consli-
I tutes all thai a Jircman needs to do. A
gre?.t many will urpnt?, treasurers, to say
nothing of board 3of directors^ cherish thi3
idea, without realizing hot? nOUS It 15.
We assert that no man ought to be placet}
in charge of a coal pile who can not tell ap
proiunately bow much can be deduced
from it, because it represents a certaia
■ number of foot-ponnds of wo/k. and U. ;.
therefore, deflnitu cvnnoiMtivc value. To
speak plain, the coal pile means just so.
many dollars worth of work. The duty of
; expending this money, this raw material.
! should bo Intrusted to a v.-cll-expenenec.l
. and well-paid fireman. Every engineer has
: his own specific sphere of irk, and only
false economy demands that he shouiil
move out of it. Engineers are neither
omniscent ncr omnipresent, but, if they
know their business, and are not afraid to
tell the truth, they will not hesitate to
recognize and condemn the wastefulness ili j
the policy of hiring either a cheap fireman j
or do fireman at all. [
COPP'S LAND REVIEW.
The Sst7 Additional Homestead Bill that Did
Not Become a Law.
Some weeks ago I gave a synopsis
of a bill pending before congress con
taining important and beneficial pro
ihat it would
pas 3 both 1: a . . Well, the predie
roved correct, but the bill failed
to become v law because it was not
n ached by the president for Bignaturt
before the adjournment of congress.
I hue no doubt that the matter will
receive early attention when congress
convenes in Decembar; that the bill
will be re-enacted, and receive the sig—
!•;. ■viu i- of the president. In order that
sin- fifOfi ■■ may be familiar with all »f
its provisions, I print it entire in this
letter to the exclusion of other mutter,
deeming it of the utmost importanci :
"An act to allow persons who have
ib tiidoi eel or relinquished <heit
itoiucv, ;ii entries to niak>' ■ »tht"
n.i ..:.'•;■■ i lit-i |vi ] set
"iJ.; ii enacted, etc, ['hat any pu
t-on who has not heretofore perfected
title to a tract of land which he has
m ■■;. filing upon under the pre euip
tion law, or entry of under the home
stead law may make a homestead
entry of nor, exceeding one quartei
section of public land subject to such
entry or to the contrary notwithstand
ing; bat this right shall not apply to
persons who perfect title to lauds under
the pre-emption or homestead laws
'Sec 2. That whenever it shall be
made to appear to the register and re
ceiver of any public land office, under
such regulations as the secretary of the
interior may prescribe, that any settler
upon the public domain under exist
ing law, is unable by reason of
drouth, whole or partial destruction
or crops, sickness, or other unavoid
able casualty, to secure a t-upport for
himself, herself or those dependent
upon him or her upon the land? set
tled upon, then such register and re
ceiver may grant to such settler a
leave of absence from the claim upon
which he or she has tiled for a period
not exceeding one year at any one
time, and such settler so granted leave
of absence shall forfeit no rights by
reason of such absence: Provided,
That the time of such actual absence
shall not be deducted from the actual
residence required by 1-iw.
"Sec. 3. That the price of ali sec-
tions and parts of sections or the pub
lic land?, within the limits of the
portions of the several grants of
lands to aid in tin; construction of
railroads, which have been heretofore
and which may hereafter be forfeited
which wer 1 by the act making such
grants 01 have since been increased
to the double minimum price and,
also, hi all 1 ;nds within the limits of
any Buch railroad grant, and not em
braced in the grant lying adjacent to
and coterminous with the portions of
the line of any such, railroad which
shall not be completed at the date of
this act, is heri by fixed at one dollar
and twenty-five cents pr-r acre.
"Sec. I. That from and after the
passage of thia act, any homestead
.settler who has entered if ss than one
quarter section of land luay enter other
and additional land lying contiguous
to the original entry, which shall not,
with the land first entered and occu
pied, exceed in the aggregate, ono
hundred and sixty acres without proof
of residence upon and cultivation of
the additional entry; and if final proof
cf settlement and cultivation has been
made; for the original entry, when
the additional entry is made, then
the patent shall issue without further
"Sec. 5. That every person en
titled, under the provisions of the
homestead laws, to enter a homestead
who has heretofore complied with, or
who shall.hereafter comply with the
conditions of said laws, and who shall
have made his final proof thereunder,
for a quantity of land less than one
hundred and sixty acres, and received
the receiver's final receipt therefor
shall be entitled under said laws to
enter, by legal subdivisions of the pub
lic lands of the United States subject
to homestead entry so much additional
land as added to the quantity previous
iii- til 1
• v so entered by him shall not exceed
one hundred and sixty acres: Provid
ed, That in no case shall patent issue
until the person making such additional
homestead entry shall have actually
and in conformity with the home—
stead laws resided upon and cu!ti
vated the land entered therein atid
■ in !\v:s>- complied with such laws."
Should my opinion as herein a
ir.■■..(! (>e verified, many ho:'.e!e.-:
people will h ■v. occasion to rejoice i:
the IT> tirllliiitV to •■ill ■ ■')■■•'II1 --■
Henry N. Copp.
A MOTHS LUi-LABY.
Com" n— "■• -■ •■•- :■ • -; o i -..' :-o---»iti, love,
O. s.ojt. wiasono b.'.t>3 tSai :■■ ■- ■L"-:
; With eyes 1 Uo tao .-':;: I r.t 13 glow as above,
And li Lit Iil;o tl:o sfccjn or :i stir.
L.. close to rcy tear; %■•;: Ij I 3-.:ig to you
A SOn 7 Of UUJ lU'-Pp! C-3 > 1 0711,
Forth- sun bra slipped< utof tic s':y-roof blue,
And tuo Iju-tls irt.ee-c acuesgone.
The tl v.-. n have folded thci" p"".ls in rest,
Th- stars 'mns their lanv~ '.. :h: sUy;
A brc -z : v.'itU tbe i lai ■: o: Co ro.-:o on Its <
brea t. i
Goo. dreamily wandi ring by.
Tho v.cc. baby moon, like a sickle of gold,
Is lo'.t 'tr.oag the far purple hills;
The cricket, t tat sly, little- turbulent scold,
II r gossip still noisily trails.
All thngs (to to rest, save the crie';ets and
To sleep till awoke by the sun.
When the glad little song-birds new madngals j
To tell that a new day's be^un.
So c'.oso your pink eyelids in sleep, my aear,
My darling one, pure as a star,
And dream happy dreams till the morning
Anil the shadows of night flee afar.
— i.'. IS. Lowe, in Good Iloxutkeepwg.
Jii.mny Had a Sweet Tooth.
Mrs. Isaacstein (to husband)—" Dotleetle
Jacob has been a pad poy to-day." Mr. Isaac
stein— "Vas dot soJ" Mrs. Isaacstein—
"He vent into der closet und ate all oof dat
iimburger kase." Mr. Isaacstein (looking
fondly atyouns Jacob)—"O, veil, Rebecca,
dot vas not so pad; dot vas natural; all dose
leetle shildrens haf dot svect tooth."
THE COLFAX CREAMERY.
A Company Organized— Stock Subscribed
-Operations to Begin at Once.
At a meeting of the stock holders of
the Colfax Creamery Association on
Wednesday evening the followiug of-
Seen were elected: Board of trustee.-,
E. W. Tall president, W. J. Hamii
tor.; vice-president, M. A. Hose; sec
re.tary, J. A. Perkins; treasurer, Jos.
Ryan; 0. 15. Hopkins and Chas. Russel.
The capital stock was fixed at $13,000
tud was nil subscribed. The ice house
will be erected at once and it is the
expectation of the company to be full)
prepared to start up parly next season
The-f' cr**aint*rifß art* hf*iug i tabli i
ed at numerous places iv tin- northwi
The largest factory cost (7500, ai <
has a capacity of 1500 pounds of bo -
ter daily. The lowest priced facti-r
cost §4000, and has a capacity of 10*'
|>ouil! 's daily and makes no chet-fe.. It;
ternieiHJie factories me built «' nil
■(■-:.('■, cos !■ t-.v, ( a SIOOO aim §7ft<
Tins include.-! the whole [Lint, locatioi.
buildings, equipments for making bn
tor and ehet-se on a large scale, sti -a>
works, cold storage apparatus, and >.
th« appliances for dairying on » larg
scale and with the greatest perfectio
known to modern times and with scien
line >i;jiri-.-. The original cost
includes the services of a well educated
and skilled superintendent, who can
■ be retained permanently at a reasona
ble compensation. Often they improve
his experience to train some one on the
spot, or who is associated with the
The system pursued w to tollect
cream once a day, puttiii.; together the
cream from yesterday morning and
evening- The milk is set in deep cans
furnished by the company, and there
is a simple manner of measuring the
cream space indicated. Bach space
represents a pound of buttor and ac
counts ate duplicated by the farmer
and the company. The usual compen
sation paid to the farmer is that be re
ceives the ordinary price for common
butter for the cream an measured in
spaces and the company's profit con
sists in the grerter valuo of creamery
butter at popular markets. The farm
er's wife has no churning to do, no pans
to wash, and the whole work of dairy
ing is reduced to milking the cows and
putting the wiik in some cool way
where the milk rises gradually. The
farmer has all the milk to feed his
i _ _: ...
calves, pig?, etc.
The factory makes the profits above
th 9 price of common batter and sells
the buttermilk to city restaurants and
other uses. One valuable feature of
the factory is the cold storagp, as the
concern buys eggs when very low am!
keeps them until the best price is re
alized. Ft ia claimed eggs will keep
when Btored with the Roiall end down,
for ten mouth:. The cold !-to::ige room
is kept just above fr< ezing for the pur
pose of storing the butter, and the
butter is made and worked there. As
soon as the cream ! as been churni d the
butter i 3 taken to the cold storage
room and haiiiiled in the temprature
most desirable. With the improved
value cf batter anil tho money made
selling buttermilk, or feeding bnttcr
milk and cheese whey, and by use of
the cold storage, these factories usually
pay 15 to 30 per cent. The :>roiits
are small, but they are continual.
♦- - -♦
HOW WOMEN WED.
So Romance Whatever Nowadays in bind
ing ;i lluslxuul.
A man asked me the other day how wom
en find husbands, writes "Bab"' in the New
York Star. It was such a puzzling question
to me that I constituted myself a commit
tee of one and went around among a lot ot
married women to see how their husbands
proposed to them.
There wasn't one who had ever had an
absolute romantic avowal of love! .There
wasn't cue whose husband had gotten down
on his knees, caught the loved one's hand
and besought of her, unless she wished to
sec him stark and cold with a broken heart, j
that she would wed him! There wasn't one
who had ever known the rapture of being
held, with a pistol pointed at her head,
while the brave lover pronounced that, un
less she accepted him, ho would kill her
and then himself! There wasn't one who
had been gained even at the dagger's point, J
and not a single wife had been drugged and
wedded while in a semi-conscious state!
Dorothy, I confess to a certain amount of j
disappointment. The nearest I could get ! :
as to how the question of marriage had j :
been reached was always that they drifted
This is dcliciously vague, but it seems to
mean that they knew the man, that he had
tho privilege ot holding their hands end
criticising their frocks for some time, and
that then, when there was no special ex
citement m Wall street, a Presidential elec
tion wasn't goingon, nor any thing else that
was distracting, they suggested that it was
ab u 1 time for them to get married.
This is the general experience. And I
think it a sin and a shame. Few women
have more than one opportunity to marry,
and that ought to be accompanied by all the
frills and frivolities that the best novel
writer ever dreamed of. The Howells anil
James business in the way of classic love
making may be most desirable for nervous
: it may calm and ?->nthe then!, but
nrhen champagne or love a>-e offered it
wants to bo sparkling, and it wants to taste
as if such nectar ha.l never been offered be
!ess-eycd. smooth-faced young man that is
SO prevalent just now will never offer any
bixly any thin£ but the flattest cider fur
champagne, aHfl wnen it ;comes to this, I
say. give me ice water and platonic.
ISoue-C'uttinsj by Electricity.
Uemoval of sections of bope m surgical
operations has heretofore been a long, tedi
ous process, effected with a mallet, chisel,
gouges, etc. It is, perhaps, the most brutal
and unscientific method which could be
adopted, am' sounds like, the operative.
butchery which existed in the last century.
This has all been reformed by an invention
called the electric osteotome, says the. Lon
don EUctrteal Engineer, which is an instru
ment holding a circular saw at its •extrem
ity, revolved with lightninp speed by an
electric motor. This, when held against
a bone, makes a clean cut through it ia a
fu w seconds; in fact, its action is instantane
ous. B3- holding the osteotome in a slant
ing position, wedge-shaped pieces can be
cut out with equal promptitude. There Is
no danger of the saw cutting the soft parts,
f.s they are protected by a retractor, an in
strument which is passed down and under
Farm Land iv Knglunti.
Two-thirds of the land in England and
Wales is held by 10,:i07 owners, and sixteen
of this number own l,103,(£8 acres.
' j/t AMATEUR FARMING.
How to Propasato liens. Together with
■ Some Habit* of the Ulrd. .
I intend to discourse on tbo delight* of
amateur farming-the raising of cabbages
at $3.50 a head-although, to tell the truth,
I never cultivated any quite so economical
ly as that, writes Luke Sharp in the Detroit
Free Pros. His paper, excellent as it is,OUKDt
to have an amateur farming column. I
have felt that for some time, and now, as
the horniest-handed son of tho soil on the
sheet, I throw myself into the chasm like
that Roman fellow, armor and all. -
My experiences in farming, bav9 been
somewhat different from those you read of
in tho many excellent agricultural papers
fro have. The correspondents of those
| journals mako money on their farms. I
i never did. They show how $2.40 Invested
I in chickens in tho spring amount to $1,
--.101.50, besides having all the eggs the fami
ly could use, and at the end of the year a
great many surplus fowls. I have gone
over these statements in detail and figured
them up and they wero without flaw, but 1
never cook] ntake the problem come out
right in practice. The dog ate up several,
to begin with. When I killed the dog soon
new kind of epidemic that was fond of chick
ens came along. Then some were slolen ami
the rest got tired of mo and went
away to a neighbor who could understand
and sympathize with their various moods.
They refused to lay in the nice comfortable
boxes I provided, but preferred to go out to
the back fields, accumulate a wealth of eggs
and then sit on them. Finally tho hen
would become weary of the sedentary busi
ness when she found seclusion and inactiv
ity telling on her health, and would basely
I abandon the eggs, when a little more closu
attention to the occupation would havo re
sulted in complete and multitudinous suc
j cess. Their conduct in the matter of laying
| was most ungenerous. When eggs were
twenty-five cents a dozen the hens would
go on strike, when eggs were down to
about eight cents then they all became in
dustrious. Fowls seem much more fond of
gardening than I am. I hato to work in v
garden; they don't. Nothing delights a hen
i so much as to undertake tho entire super
vision and cultivation of a newly-plaulcd
! garden. If I could only peg away with hull
the industry they do I would be one of the
i richest market gardeners in America. They
are at it early and late and they cultivate
the ground in a beautiful way that leaves it
quite ready for planting something else.
The first time I planted seeds in tho garden
they never came up. "Too deep," a neigh
bor told me. But that was before I kept
hens. When the hens got right down to
business tho seeds came right up every
time. Hens always havo a great crop. 1
never succeeded in raising any crop but
weeds. Canada thistles arc my specialty.
My neighbor says he never knew any one
who was so successful in raising Canada
thistles as I am. la fact, my farming has
caused a great deal of comment in the neigh
borhood. I am surrounded by old-time farm
ers who never before saw agriculture
carried on by scientific methods. Igo by
the advice of the agricultural journals and
hand-books of horticulture. They don't.
They believe in planting certain things in
certain stages of the moon. I have ridiculed
the moon theories a good deal, but as their
crops come up and mine don't, except what
the hens resurrect of them, I am beginning
to think that perhaps there is something m
the nioim besides the man.
But to return to the liens. My hens are
a particularly high-toned variety. It is al
ways best to go in for the most expensive
kinds (see Handbook of Fowl Culture, page
96). There is no money in the common
kinds; every body raises them. I got a
dozen of very much warranted eggs. The
hens that laid those eggs had taken prizes
at three State fairs and I don't know how
many smaller show 3. When you get ex
pensive egg 3 you can put a cheap hen on
them and the chickens ure warranted to bo
just as good as if a ten-dollar hen Old
sitting. I bought a fifty-cent hen Chat
in the sitting business —so the man told me.
1 never found out just what objection that
cheap hen had to thoso dear eggs, but she
positively refused to sit on them. Prob
ably she thought any thing so expensive
should not be sat down on. I tried to coax
and even to coerce her, but she persisted in
walking around on those eggs and protest
ing at the top of her voice. I assured her
that chickens were noi accumulated in that
way, but it was no use. Sho seemed to
think it was an omelet wo wanted, for she
broko several of the eggs. I noticed in
reading the agricultural journals that many
of the best farming inventions have been
constructed first by enterprising amateurs.
I desire here to call the attention of those
useful papers to my setting hen attachment.
Tho eggs were in a nice nest that rested in
a wooden box. Iv the bottom of this box 1
bored a couplo of two-inch auger holes.
Through these I put the two legs of tho flut
tering and indignant hen and pulled on the
legs until the hen litted nic» and snug on
the eggs. Then 1 tied the legs together un
derneath the box. It was a great scheme.
Even if she flew away with the box and al!
she would still be sitting on the eggs.
Unfortunately my summer vacation came
on at that time and I went away and forgot
all about that hen for two weeks. She
stuck to tho deck like Casabianca and her
fate wa3 similar. A farmer should never
take a vacation. A hen is just as contrary
when she makes up her mind to sit us when
she makes up her mind not to. She gen
erally resolves to go in sitting session about
the time when there isn't a sitable egg
within miles of tho premises. She is mad
all the time and goes around with her wicjs
scraping on the ground.
It is said that dousing a sitting hen in
water will cure her of the mania. It will if
you keep her under ■water long enough
say twenty minutes.
That's all I know about hens.
-*, ■ —
A Help lor Harvard Students* —-"-ft
A new help for student-work is for a pro
fessor to gather out of the whole library
such books (no matter how many) as lie
wishes his classes especially to study.
These are put in an alcove under his name;
his pupils have access to them all day, and
take them over night, returning them next
morning. This plan is new, but it grows in
favor. In \>-» thirty-live teachers thus re
served 3,330 books. In 1888 fifty-six teach
ers reserved 5,840 books. All book:, lent
out numbered in 41,9*5; in 18S6, 60,195.
This rate of increase greatly outruns that
of the number of students. it speaks of an
increasing industry and productiveness.
And the best thing about the intellectual
life here is that it is hopeful and not timid
-it looks forward.
A Mule's Consistency.
A rich man had a piece of land upon
which a poor mulo was grazing. " 1 shall
harness you," said the inau to the mule",
if and make you plow this land to grow mcl- .
otis on, of which I am very fond, while the
stalks will supply you with food." To
which the mule replied: "If I consent to
toil on your plan you will have all the mel
ons end I will be worse off than I am now, '
inasmuch as I will have to cat dry stalks
instead of fresh green grass. I'll not do it.
-:,-.' "How unreasonable you are." remon
strated the land owner; "jour father never
had any food but thistles, and yet worked
sixteen hours a day without grumbling."
"Alas! that is true." retorted tea mule,
" but, you know, my father was an ass.'
/ ■ ■•■-■ ~ ' ■
Knowledge and Pleasure.
Pleasure is a shadow, but knowledge is
ecstatic in enjoyment, perennial in fame, .
unlimited in space, and infinite in duration.
la the performance of its great offices it
fears no danger, spares no expense, looks'.
into the volcano, dives into t'.u ocean, per
forates the earth, wings its )';ht into the i:
skies, enriches the glo!.-o, e.—/'orcs sea and jH
land, contemplates the distant, exomiqes the' j
minute, comprehends the great, ascends to'■>;
the sublime—no place too remote for its w
grasp, no sphere too exalted for its reach.," ph.
.--._ ... -.- >iv—r--_-. • .-■ . - ■■■ ,-zso*nn&&ami