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title: 'Pullman herald. (Pullman, W.T. [Wash.]) 1888-1989, January 12, 1889, Image 1',
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VOL. 1. NO. 11.
J. D. KIRKWOOD,
I> E IV t i « T ,
Pullman. •■.)■ iiigton Ter.
Office Hours : 9 a. m. to 12 m , and 1 to 4 p. m.
STEWART BLOCK. MAIN ST.
E. H. LETTERMAN *. CO.,
I>exilei*j-» in Grain.
Highest market price paid for Wheat,
Oats, barley and Flax.
PULLMAN, - WASHINGTON TER.
Attorney and Counselor at Law,
PULLMAN, W. T.
Money to loan on real •ntate at the lowest
rates of interest. All legal business promptly
attended to. Taxes paid for non-residents. Col
lections promptly made. and remitted. - <•
H. J. WEBB. .1. F. WATT.
WEBB & WATT,
Physicians and Surgeons
Are Prepared to Treat All Special
Office in Stewart Block.
PULLMAN", "WASHINGTON TEK.
11. O. WILLIAMSON,
Barber and Hair Cutter.
Special Attention is Given to
Cutting : and : Trimming
Ladies' and Children's Hair.
Hot and Cold Baths.
PULLMAN, WASH. TKIt.
$500.000 #500,000 $500,000
PORTLAND . - OREGON.
W. V. WINDUS, Agent.
full man. Washington Ter.
Pullman Meat Market.
Dealers in all kinds of
Fresh and Cured Meat.
Specialties In Mcaaoa.
£Kp-Highest market prices paid for Cattle
and Hides, Hogs, etc.
Nodlne Block, - • Main Street.
Jeweler: and : Engraver
. — AND — I
-:-. Practical -:- Watchmaker. -:-
Pullman, Washington Ter. . ,
f^-Kepnlriug of Watches, Clock«,>nd Jew-
Iry a specially, Posaofliee Iluildinir.
— TROrRIETOR —
Pullman Sample Room,
Cor. Main and «.mini streets.
Fine "Wines, Liquors and Cigars.
Porfoct order maintained and gentlemanly
treatment to every one.
Pullman. - • Washington Ter.
Union Pacific Railway.
OREGON SHORT LINE.
Through Pullman Sleepers and Modern Day
Pouches to Omaha. Council Mutt's ami Kansas
Cms making DIRECT CONNECTIONS to the
•itiei of DENVER,CHEYENNE, SALT LAKE
CITY OODEN, COUNCIL itI.IFFS. OMAHA.
KANSAS CITY. ST. LOUIS, CHICAGO, end all
points in the East and South.
gage checked through from Pill
wan to all points named.
Family Sleepers Free on
All Through Trains.
nv>r fnrther Information regarding territory
t Jverwd. rated of far,', descriptive pamphlets,
£J V Jtply to nearest agent of the Union Pacific
«liiway.or O. K. & >'• Co., or address
KaU ' H. H. BROWN, Agent, Pullman.
T. S. Tbbbits, 0. P. & T. A., Omaha, Neb.
A. L. Maxwell,
G. P. & f. A., O. R. & N. Co.,
She litaUnum ffefalk
j PACIFIC COAST NOTES.
MLt'ers of Local and General Import
Gathered from All Sources for
the Benefit of Our Readers.
Firewocd is scarce at Fresno.
Walla Walla has a postal delivery.
Riverside. Cal., has paid all its city
taxes but f 75.
Colusa has four and a half miles of
Newcastle's fruit shipment this year
was 5,000 tons.
The county hospital at Visalia was
The popnlation of Washington ter
ritory is 240,140.
The penitentiary at Walla Walla is
lighted by electricity.
An olive tree in Tnlare has grown
eight feet since last August.
Timber claims are being rapidly
taken up in Mariposa county.
An apple orchard in Laesen cleared
'6000 the past year fiom 1500 trees.
Packers ».re offering at Riverside $3
a box for navel oranges on the trees.
There were erected at Tacoma last
year 1014 houses, valued at $2,489,
The windstorm last week brought
down a good many trees in the Men
Yuba county is shipping apples to
southern California and sending orang
es to the north.
A flume 35 miles long will bring
lumber to Selma, Fresno county, from
the Giant forest.
The output of gold, silver and cop
per in Montana the past year is put
down at $00,487,000.
At Walla Walla a dense fog pre
vailed during the eclipse and at 2
o'clock lamps were lighted.
The police of San Diego is con
demned by a committee of the city
council as corrupt and inefficient.
S. W. Reed, of Fresno, picked 30
pounds of Flaming Tokay and Em
l>eror grapes from his vine the Ist of
Delegates met at Elleneburg, W. T.,
on the 3d of January and began the
work of securing statehood to the
Large plantings of shad and speck
led catfish will be made in the streams
of Utah ritext June by the U. S. fish
The first ear-load of Oroville oranges
was received in Sacramento last week,
and two car-loads were being packed
at Oroville for shipment east.
N. J. McConnell, chief justice of
Montana, has forwarded his resigna
tion to the President, finding the du
ties of the office too burdensome.
The Teachers' convention which
cloeed at Sacramento recently, recom
mended kindergarten instruction and
the admittance of children four years
The new Brotherhood of Railway
Conductors, organized at L')B Ange
les some weeks ago, is said to have in
speci.il view revenge on the Burling
ton Railroad company.
San Bernardino's grand jury report
condemns the county court-house as
inadequate and the jail as a disgrace
to decency. Slack business manage
ment of county officials is also con
Th 3 approach of the Southern Pa
cific railroad toward San Luis Obispo,
is giving quite an impetus to travel.
The road was completed to Santa
Margarita, ten Miles distant, and
trains runnihg on the sth of January.
At Bakersfield there is a field of
alfalfa from which live cuttings were
obtained the first year, and "the
ground was so thoroughly impreg
nated with alkali that the surface is
white wikh the salt."
A flock of nine mountain sheep has
recently been seen among the cliffs
of Stein mountain, Elko county, Nev.
A patriarch of the flock is reported to,
be as large as a Spanish mule and his
horns resemble tkc gnarled roots of an
The lumber cut of Washington Ter
ritory the past year whs 700,000,000
feet, valued at $9,000,000. Of this
amount, Puget soimd cut 450,000,000
feet and shipped by ocean 340,000,000
feet, valued at $3,7000,000. The for
eign lumber shipments were $1,200,
Richard Hall, of Dixon, a well
known citizen, early Tuesday morning
of last week, while going home from
S icramento, heard the whistle for his
station, rushed while naif asleep from
the car, and stepped off while the
train was ia motion. He was seriously
Portland shows great progress. Her
wholesale and retail trade in 1888
foots up between $90,000,000 and
$1000,000,000, compared with $7j,
--000,000 in 1887 and $42,000,000 in
1883. The manufactures of the city
and vicinity aggregate nearly $14,000,
--000, and the value of buildings erected
David Hart, a blacksmith and train
ing with the Salvation army at Port
land, took morphine and told the sum
moned physician that he had had the
drug for two years, but had not had
the courage to use it before. He said
he wanted" something given him to
rnnke death easy, and when asked
why he didn't jump in the Willamette
river, he said he did not know how to
PULLMAN, WASH. TER., JANUARY 12, 1869.
A Brief Mention of Matters of Gen.ral
Interest.—Notes Gathered from
Home and Abroad.
Gladstone reached his 79th birthday
A rebellion has broken out in Up
The King of Wurtemberg is in
The opera-house of Tyler, Tex., was
burned last week.
The Tope last week celecrated the
close of his jubilee year.
Minnttr Phelps will return from
England in a few weeks.
Germany does not propose to in
crease its artillery strength.
The Bulgarian eobranje has granted
amnesty to political refugees.
The wife of Major General Schoiield
died suddenly recently of heart dis
Collector Hager suggests that the
duty on opium be reduced to $5 a
The date for tke Gwedore evictions
in Ireland was set and carried into ef
fect on January 2d.
Dr. Carver attempted to brenk 00,
--000 glass balls in six days at Minne
apolis, last week, but failed to accom
plish the feat.
Princess Adelbert, ot Bavaria, was
seized with hysterics in the Berlin Op
era bouse last wetk. It is believed
that she is insane.
The badly mutilated body of a Ger
man was found in Fairmount park,
Philadelphia, Sunday. Much excite
ment was created.
It id stated that further papers re
lating to the Sackville affair are about
to be given out for publication by the
An escaped Soudanese baa offered
to bring in General Gordon's sword,'
clothes and papers, which are said to
be hidden near Berber.
At the close of a sparring exhibi- j
tion at Brooklyn, N. V., last week, a
panic occurred and a score or more
of persons were injured.
A large gathering at Liege, Bel
gium, recently, adopted resolutions
favoring the restoration of the tem
poral power of the Pope.
The daughter of L iwrenee Barrett,
the actor, and Joseph Anderson, a
biother of Mary Anderson, the actress,
were married in Boston January 3d.
Johnsion Katfield, the worst of the
whole Hatfield gang, in West Vir
ginia, and a ferocious desperado, died
last week in Lawrence county, Ken
Slaves, of the American Dredging
company, it is stated, assures DeLes
seps that he can finisn the second sec
tion of the Panama canal in twelve
F. W. Smith played Santa Clans at
his home at Danville, Illinois, Christ
mac, and enveloped himself in cotton
batting, which caught tire and he was
Robert Bonner's famous stallion
Startle, the sire of many celebrated
trotter?, including Majolica, with a
record of 2 :15, died in New York last
week, aged 21 years.
Governor Marble, of Maine, has ap
pointed James G. Bkine among the
other commissioners to attend the Cen
tennial celebration of Washington's
inauguration in New York, April 30th.
A Christmas gathering at East
Prospect, Perm., was thrown from the
second to the first floor of the build
ing which had suddenly collapsed.
Numbers were brniscd and cut, but
The London police believe that they
are on the right clew to the author of
the WhitPchapel murders. They have
succeeded in locating him in the vi
cinity of Drury Lane, by tracing let
ters wriiten by him.
Ira Payne, the American gun ex
pert, vow in Paris, asserts that he has
discovered a process for the manufact
ure of gold from an alloy of silver and
copper, and is trying to raise funds to
start the proper works.
The Ottawa board of trade has pe
titioned the Dominion government to
grant a subsidy to a fast line of steam
er* from Quebec to Liverpool. The
desire is compete with the New York
and Liverpool steamers.
Pierre Beauron who was supposed
to be dead and whose sisters had been
appointed to administer his estate,
turned up at Shohola, Perm., the other
day and secured ordeis revoking the
letters of administration.
An explosion of gas caused great
damage in Boston, receully. Two men
were blown 20 feet in the air and Fort
Hill square and adjacent buildings re
ceived a terrible wrenching. The ex
plosion tore the street up.
The unofficial list of represeatetives
elect, recently published, shows that
20 Republicans were elected from the
following Southern States: Koutucky,
2; Louisiana, 1; Maryland, 2; Mis
souri, 4; North Carolina, 3; Tennes
see, 4. Of these 13 are now members.
The loss of life so far by the burn
ing of the steamer Hanna, near Pla
quemine, La., on the Mississippi river,
is placed at 24. Of the injured men
in the hospital four or five will die.
The flags of the steamers iv the hai
bor of New Orleans have been placed
Newsy Notes Concerning the Farm a d
of Especial Rterest to the Pa
cific Coast Husbandman.
Be certain that there is plenty of wa
ter where the cows are turned out to
pasture. Clean, pure water is indis
peusable to the milch cow.
Ntver wait for rain when you h it«
a crop under cultivation. Keep right
on cultivating and you will be Mir
prised to find how your crop will with
stand the drought.
Many farmers in western New York
gave up the wool business as unprof
itable long ago, but still keep sheep,
and say that keeping the Button
breeds is one of the best paying
branches of farming.
Tramping upon the hay in a b.iru
often causes horses to refuse it. To
pass from the barn-yard into the barn
aad walk over the hay leaves odors
which are quickly recognized by the
animals when such hay is fed to them.
Chopped clover-hay sc ilded is a
cheap and excellent food for hogs, and
they will thrive on it while growing,
with but little grain. Bulky food is
necessary for the distention of the
stomach, and there is nothing so nu
tricious for that purpose as the scalded
The price of onions is lower this
year than for some time past. This is
due to a large increase of area planted
throughout the east, and to an uu
usut'.lly large crop; the insects and
diseases that usually attack the onion
having been far less prevalent this
year than usual.
After winter grain is sown there is
yet time to remedy defects of soil and
exposure. If there is a knoll in the
tield it is probably the poorest part of
the lot, and one or more loads of ma
nure distributed over it will hive a
wonderful eli'ect, not alone upon the
grain crop, but on the grass seeding.
Good cider vinegar is always sala
'- fele, and it pays to convert the surplus
apples into cider for the purpose of
making vinegar. The artificial vine
gar cannot be used for choice pickles
land other purposes for which good
cider vinegar only in adapted, and does
not, therefore, largely compete with it.
Don't try to crowd 50 hens into a
poultry house suitable for only 25, as
the larger the fl >ek the fewer the
eggs, proportionately, unless they have
perfect accommodations. As a rule
small flocks give a larger, profit from
the same outlay Bhati when numbers
are kept that cannot be properly pro
Parsnip?, salsify and horseradish
can remain in the rows where grown,
as freezing does not injure them. If
they are covered with litter, however,
it will prevent sadden thawing around
them in the spring. It is too much
warmth that does injury in winter
to such crops, rather than cold. A
few warm d;iys in winter may be more
detrimental than beneficial
The first signs of disease in a flock
should prompt the herdsmen to at
once remove all animals not affected
to a new, clean location. It is better
to kill an animal that is suspected of
having a contagious disease than to
attempt a cure. Delay is dangerous.
L'recaution in the beginning is better
than any work that can be done in at
tempting to effect a cure after the dis
ease secures a hold.
Most farmers who give no particu
lar .attention to horses usually drive
with a loose rein. This is well enough
with the ''old family horse," in whom
you have perfect confidence. It is
never safe, however, with a young and
spirited horse. Never drive such an
animal wiih so loose'a rein tint you
cannot instantly command the situa
tion, whatever happens.
Pork made from a considerable por
tion of apple diet is peculiarly sweet
in flavor. Hogs will fatten more rap
idly on sweet apples than sour, if ap
ples are principally depended upon;
but if grain is fed with apples the
eour will do even better than the
sweet, as the acid v: ill as.-ist in the di
gestion of the grain. It would be bet
ter to feed corn for a few weeks before
killing, to harden the pork.
In California turkeys are raised in
tlocks numbering several thousand.
They are placed in charge of a herder,
who drives them as he would a flock
of sheep. They range over miles of
territory in a day, and live almost en
tirely by foraging. When the grain
is cut mid harvested the turkeys are
turned into the immense wheat and
barley fields and the birds do the
gleaning and become fat and ready
for market at very little cost.
One article of food cannot supply
all the necessary sustenance, because
it may lack some of the essential ele
ments and is sure to have some in in
suiticient quantity. A normal appe
tite, that sure guide to the wants of
nature, craves a variety of foods. It
is not necessary to make the ration
costly ; a little thought will provide a
variety m the ration and without
greater cost. As to regularity in feed
ing, it has been amply demonstrated
that aniaials do not thrive so well
when fed irregularly as when they get
their food at certain seasons.
A practical dairyman gives the fol
lowing reasons why he was more suc
cessful with his cows than his Heigh
bors were : " I'll tell you," said he, ;< it
all depends where a man looks when
he feeds his cows. My neighbors all
look at the feed; consequently, they
easily learn to scram p the cow all they
dare to. When I feed I look at the
cow just as I would any machine if I
wa^ feeding it. You want to watch
'he machine and not the feed. It is a
mighty easy thing for a farmer to get
stingy feiding a cow and beat him
self out. of dollars in trying to save
Among the many purposes to which
old wagon tire* may be applied is the
g.ite hinge. An old tire, too much
worn for further service in its original
capacity, is cut in two at the middle,
;intl the end of each piece is turned
wi;h aa eye or socket to form half of
a hinge. Then four inches from the
socket the bar is bent to an ang'e.
The other ends of the two pieces are
then welded together iv the form of a
V, the width of the open end being
governed by that of the gate. The
lower hinge is made in the usual man
ner, with an upright pin at one end,
and a thread and nut at the other.
The upper one may be made in the
form of a band, which is driven over
the gate-post and fastened by nails
driven through holes punched for the
purpose in the band.
When the corn is shelled the cobs
arc worth c iring for for various use
ful purposes. They make the best
fuel for the smoke-house, giving the
hams a: t\ bacon a delicate and agree
able flavor, free from the pungency of
oak ami other wood, which contains
much acid. When steeped in kero
sene oil they make good kindling for
tires, and they are equally good for
this purpose when saurated with a
solution of one pound of saltpeter in
two gallons of water and dried. They
then burn fiercely, giving out quick
heat sufficient to kindle a coal fire.
But they are also good for feeding,
as they contain as much nutriment as
straw, and where straw is scarce the
whole years may be ground together
with advantage. The husks are rtill
more nutricious, and may be ground
up with the i\irs in mills made for
la storing celery for winter small
quantities far family use can be stored
in boxes by first boring inch holes
four inches from the bottom at each
end and side of the box. Turn the
b< z on en:l and pack tke celeiy in
layers the narrow way of tho box. To
each layer of celery iv position sprinkle
over the roots only enough earth to
mulch them well. Continue until the
box is hi! 1. When you set the box
down shake or jar the box to settle
the dirt among the r>ot* <-i the plants.
Then take a watering pot with nozzle
and pour water through the augur
holes in tho ends unlil all of the
soil is thoroughly saturated, and
'tis done. The box can be set in any
convenient niche of the cellar, and
only needs occasional watering (al
ways through the auger hole-) to have
a supply of cri.-p, tender celery at
-liort notice, without ths trouble of
grabbing in the frozen ground and
exposing both yourself and the whole
!»t of celery in the trench.
The increasing use of windmills for
pumping water, etc., suggests that
they could be made the foundation of.
a fire department on the farm, that
wou'd prove efficient in many cases.
I'hi (.-fourths of the farm conrligra
tlo s are discovered so early that the
prompt application of 20 gallons of
water, would put out the fire. But it
is impossible to get water soon enough
when it must be carried to the garret
or loft in buckets. With a 14-foot
windmill aud a strong double-acting
force-pump, a continuous stream may
be forced a thousand feet and to a
hight of a hundred feet. But as the
windmill and well are usually near
the house and barn, it would rarely be
necessary to havo the water forced
farther than two hunnred feet or
raised higher than fifty feet. The
pipes are, of course, brought near to
if not into, the barn and house. And
with a few feet of hose attached to the
hydrant in the yard or building, a sup
ply of water surlijient at the critical
moment, would be at command. The
hose could be taken through windows
or doors. If it is feard that at such a
time there might not be enough breeze
to operate the windmill, we have only
to remember, how often an account of a
conflagration also says "a stiff breez?"
or a strong gale was blowing at the
time. When there is not enough air
stirring to operate the windmill, a fire
may be readily subdued by buckets of
When large quantities of roots are
to be stored and there is not cellar
room for this purpose, it is far better
to construct pits than to fill the cellar
of one's dwelling hou3e with a general
assortment of roots and vegetable? to
vitiaie the air of the entire house. If
it is properly constructed, roots will
keep better in a pit than in an ordi
nary cell ir. The pits are dug three
or four feet deep, six feet wide and as
long as needed. The roots are stacked
in these, beginning at the end of
the pit, and following two feet
of its length ; a space of six inches is
left, and another section of two feet is
built up, aud so on, in each case piling
the roots up to the ground level; the
soaces are then filled in with earth,
and the pit will present a series of sec
tions of two feet of roots and six inches
of earth. The roots are covered lightly
at first, but when cold weather comes,
put on about two feet of soil, rounded
aud smoothed to carry off water.
Within the last three months nearly
a hundred orphan boys under 12 years
of age have been brought to Find lay
and Fostoria, Ohio, to work in the
glass factories. They come mostly
from St. John's asylum, Brooklyn,
and aie under contract for a year at
nominal wages. This importation of
child labor will be stopped.
Mrs. Ira P. Stock well, of Sydney,
W. T., was accidentally killed last
week by her 14-year-old son, who was
inserting a badly fitting cartridge in
PORTLAND MARKET REPORT
GROCERIES -Sugars have fallen Jc
sine our last report. We quote C ifs,
extra C I'c, dry granulated 7Jc, cube,
crushed and powdered "4c. Cotloes firm,
Java ire, Costa Hica 17 c'a 20c, Salvador
lS.rl!),>, Arbuckle's roasted 23$e. In
canned table fruit, assorted. 2is $2 i 5 per
doz: pie fruit, assorted, 2is £1.3}.
PROVISIONS—Oregon hamn are qtiot
ed at He, breakfast bacon 14c, thoul
ders lOj|C, Eastern meat is quoted as fol
lows: Hams 13(all>«, breakfast b icon 13..C,
FRUITS—Green fruit receipts 1.'53 bxs.
Hard fruit is scarce, and the supply of ap
ples not equal to the demand. Apples oOffi
75 per bx, Mexican oranges $4, lemons
itifoO.aO per bx, bananas $3.50<g4.50.
VEGETABLE?— Market well supplied.
Cabbage j<rlc per R>, carrots and turnip i
"5c per sack, rod pepper 3c per tb. potatoes
35@40c per sack, sweet l}far_'c per It).
DRIED FRUITS— 495 pkges.
Sun-dried apples 4'asc per lt>, factory
siic d Sc, factory plums 7(SOc, Oregon
prunes 7 !>c, pears 9 a 10c, peache-t S 210 c.
rai«ins $J.:T> per box, Call ornia tigs Be,
Smyrna ISc per lt>.
DAIRY PRODUCE— receipts for
the week V (pkgM. Fancy creamery Hoc
per tti, eh ice dairy 36c, medium :7fe3oc
common 80c, eastern 24c.
EGGS— Receipts 17'J cases. Oregon 37Jc,
POULTRY — Chickens $1<ff4.50, for
Urge young and $1 ■■ 4 75 for old, turkeys
l^Vnille per Ib, ducks $s£f7 per dozen,
WOOL—Receipt* for week 200,800 lbs.
Valley lSg)2Uc Eastern Oregon B'ail4c.
HOPS-Receipts for week 1276 lbs.
GRAlN— Receipts 'for week MJM ctls.
Valley 81.35.'<i1.-fO, Eastern Oregon $1.30
@1.40. Oat* 34®36c
FLOUR—Receipt* for week f>7JO bbls.
Standard 84,75, otner brands $4.50.
FEED—Barley $23 per ton, mill do
*18518.50, shorts $16.50, brau§ls.so,
baled hay §13*15, loose ?li@ls.
FRESH MEATS—Beef, live, 3J@3ic
dressed 7c, mutton, live, 3J/<r3:c, dressed
7c, lambs 82.£0 each, hogs, live, sJ@(ic,
dressed 7@7.J, veal o<aßc.
The Kil.-ci of Heat and Cold on the
Groat Stone Shaft.
Great caro is taken to note the
movements of tho Washington Monu
ment, for it docs move. The Law of
contraction and expansion of material
by heat -and cold opeiates here as well
as elsewhere. When the Bun shines
full on the eastern face in tho morning
the stones of that side expand and
throw the shaft slightly to the west
Then tho sun goes aiound to the south
and tho apex of the monument makes
a corresponding swing to the north.
As the orb croeps about the sky to ita
final sotting in the evening the glitter
ing point on top of the monument
makes a contra-m>vement around
naif a circle, gradually setting
back to its normil position after
the rays of the sun have lost their
power. This movement has never been
calculatod, but is andoubtedly very
Blight. The wind, too. has an effect
upon the structure. From the center
of gravity of the shaft, located 174 feet
and 10 inches from the floor, is a cros3
beam from which is suspended a fine
jteol wire, protected by a galvanized
iron tube about four laches in diam
ster. This hangs to the floor at the
northwest corner of the elevator well.
At tho bottom ia a plumb bob weigh
ing twenty-five pounds, suspended by
means of tho wire, and hanging
hi water. An iron cylinder pro
tects tho instrument from injury,
and a little iron house about four feet
high keeps off the draught. Through
the cylinder is a telescopic eyepiece, in
one end of which are two vertioal wires
ibout one-quarter of an inch apart.
When a candle is held at an opening
in the side of tho box and the eye is
applied to tho outside end of the tube,
tho plumb line can be seen —a fine lino
between the vertical marks. Any
movement in tho shaft ia recorded by
a corresponding' movement in the line.
When the structure is at rest, and in
its normal position, tho line
hangs still, midway between
the others, but when the shaft is
disturbed by tho action of the wind it
sways back and forth like tho pendulum
of a clock, always coming to rest in
tho center. This is observed every
day. ami if tho custodian should ever
notice the line hanging still at any
point outside of the two cross lines ho
will then know that the monument has
been permanently moved from its level
position. Until then, however, no one
need be alarmed by the oscillations of
tho shaft from the action of tho wind
or the influence of the sun.— Washing
—Says an English periodical: "No
one can say for certain that the Prince
of Wai?s will survive his illustrious
mother, whose health Is fairly good for
her age. The prospect of the heir-ap
parent's family have been lately under
considerable discussion, and some pa
pers have taken his royal highness to
task for not applying earlier for further
grants in aid of his children; but we
are assures* that Albert Edward has not
applied to the Government for any grant
for his eldest son, nor does he intend to
io so at present"
—The Lcwiston Journal recently pro
pounded the following question: 1. Of
what nature will be the next economio
invention? 2. What grea* economic
invention is most needed anC idled for
by the world? 3. Does any tiing re
main to be invented by man, which
shall be as revolutionary in its effects
as the application of steam power?
These were the answers received by
General A. W. Greely: 1. The storage,
without appreciable loss of electricity
produced by natural forces, such as
waterfalls, tides, eta 2. A cotton
pikcer. 3. No.
£2.00 PER YEAR.
THE HOT SIROCCO.
Whrri- It Origlnittra »n<l flow It Travels
Nort lim :ir»l to Kurop«*.
Most of tin; hot winds of the Old
World in modiiied forms of the si
moon. Tho sirocco originates in tho
Sahara and travail northward to tho
Mediterranean and Southern Europe,
but it is not r-i) deadly as Its prototype.
It brings with it great quantities of
the desert s;md, and the air heroines
s-o dense at time* that tho sun is ob
scured as if by a London fog. While
1 it remain* on the African mainland it
is characterized by a very marked dry
ness, as there are no extensive water
surfaces to supply it with moisture.
As soon, however, as it is launched
over the Mediterranean it begins to
take up copious draughts, so that
when it reaches Malta, Sicily and tho
southern shores of Europe as a wind
from bet we.ti southeast and southwest,
it has undergone a change from a hot
dry wind to a hot damp wind. Tho
result of this alteration is that it be
comes most enervating to the human
constitution. Indeed, while it prevails,
from one to several days at a time, life
is scarcely worth living, so |I<l|HlwillU
and burdensome is the wind. It is the
pluiulmis AuittT of Horace. Hu
man energy is quite dissipated
under its fatiguing influence, and with
a temperature ranging- between !I5 de
grees and 110 degrees the streets of tho
towns affected by it are deserted. Ac
cording to the Italians a stupid book
is put down as "era scritto in tempo
del Bcirocco." To tho Sicilians tho op
pressive wind is a perfect plague, for,
although naturally indolent, they can
not stand the further loss of energy in
duced by it. During its prevalence
iron rusts, clothes spoil with mildew,
meat turns putrid, grapes and green
leaves wither, wino will not fine and
paint will not dry. Sicily experiences
the sirocco about a dozen tir.K-s a year.
but it is not so frequently mot with in
other parts of Europe. There is no
mistaking the origin of the wind, as
the reddish sand is still present when
it arrives on the northern shores of
the Mediterranean and causes a misty
atmosphere. In Turkey tho sirocco is
known as the Samiel, or Sumyel, a
name identical in meaning with simoon.
It is supposed to have some connection
with cattle disease in tho south of
Russia. On the Spanish Mediterranean
coast the wind draws more to tho east
and is known locally as the solano, n
damp wind, sometimes accompanied by
rain, causing feverishness, dizziness
and restlessness, and people are so
"done up under its debilitating in
fluence that we must "ask no favors
daring tin' so!;mo." According to tho
Spaniards only a pijj and an English
man are insensible to tho wretched
breeze. — ComkUl Magazine,
HARD ON BACHELORS.
How the Earlier Karen Looked I | I'n
Although hardened bachelors are
treated with more respect than they
deserve in these degenerate days, they
were not in favor with the earlier
races of men. In the time of Moses,
*ith only rare exceptions, marriage
was obligatory among the Jews. Ly
curgus treated bachelors with in
famy. They werr- excluded from civil
>md military position* and even from
jpectacle-i and public games. On <••■]■
sain solemn occasions they Were ex
posed to the jeers of the populace and
paraded naked around tho public,
places. The lashing of bachelors was
an annual ceremony, publicly per
formed in the Temple of Juno by tho
women of Sparta. In other republics
of Greece there was established penal
laws against celibacy. Demosthenes
in pleading- against Lescharia says that
certain emblems were placed upon the
tombs of bachelors, which wen not
honorary to the deceased. It was the
eu>tom for young men to rise and
surrender their seats to their elders.
But no one found fault' with
the young- man who refused this
courtesy to Dueyllidas, saying: "No
child of yours will ever make rot m for
me." Plato exclaims against celibacy,
and imposes a penalty upon it in tho
sixth book of laws for his imaginary
"Republic." Me wished no deference
to be paid to the unmarried. Diony
sius of Haliearnassus mentions an
ancient law by which persons of ma
ture ag-e wero obliged to marry. At
Rome a penalty called theaes uxorium
was imposed, and after the siege of
Veii, Camillus forced the single men
to marry the widows of those who had
fallen in defense of their country. In
B. C. 18 Augustus enacted a law (it
does not appear, however, to have
come into operation until B. C. 13),
which was known originally as the Lex
Julia de Maritan dis Ordinibu and
afterwards as tho Lex Julia et Papia
Popooea. By this law various penal
ties were imposed upon those who lived
in a state of celibacy after a certain
age. An unmarried person could not
take a legacy, unless he altered his
condition within one hundred days
after the death of the testator. — Notes
—A learned bootblack thus explains
the scientific reason for a "shin.-"':
Diamonds are nothing but crystalled
carbon. Blacking, which is bone black,
is little more when moistened than
carbon paste, and the friction of a hair
brush being one of the most efficient
methods of generating electricity has
the effect of crystalizing the carbon of
the blacking. As soon as this is dono
the boot is covered with millions of in
finitely small diamonds, and of course
begins to shine as a mass of diamonds
would.— N. Y. Tribune.
—She—"Good gracious! How dark
it is. I can hardly find my mouth."
He—"Allow me, Miss, to assist you in
searching for it."