Newspaper Page Text
VOL. 1. NO. 13.
J. D. KIRKWOOD,
I> E IV, T I S T ,
rnllman. WaHhlnston Ter.
Office Hours : 9 a. m. to 12 m.. and 1 to 4 p. m.
STEWART BLOCK, MAIN ST.
E. H. LETTERMAN A CO.,
Dealers in Grain.
Highest market price paid for Wheat,
Oats, barley and Flax.
PULLMAN, - WASHINGTON TER.
Attorney and Counselor at Law,
PULLMAN, W. T.
Money to loan on real estate at the lowest
rates or Interest. All Wai business promptly
attended to. Taxes paid for non-residents. Col
lections promptly made and remitted.
H. J. WEBB. J. F. WAIT.
WEBB & WATT,
Physicians and Surgeons
Are Prepared to Treat All Special
Office in Stewart Block.
PULLMAN", WASHINGTON TER.
11. C. WILLIAMSON,
Barber and Hair Cutter.
Special Attention is Given to
Cutting : and : Trimming*
Ladies' and Children's Hair.
Hot and Cold Baths.
PULLMAN, WASH. TER.
CAPITAL STOCK :
$500000 $500,000 $500,000
PORTLAND - - OREGON.
W. V. WINDUS, Agent.
Pullman, Washington Ter.
Pullman Meat Market.
Dealers in all kinds of
Fresh and Cured Meat.
Specialties In Heanon.
£H^lllghest market prices paid for Cattle
and Hides, Hogs, etc.
NodiiM' Block. - - Slain Street.
Jeweler: and : Engraver
— AND —'
-:- Practical -:- Watchmaker. -:-
Pullman, Washington Ter.
- 0^> Repairing of Watehex, ClocVs,>nd Jew
lrv a specialty. Postofflce Building.
— PROPRIETOR —
Pullman Sample Room,
Cor. Main and t.ruini streets.
Fine "Wines, Liquors and Cigars.
Perfect order maintained and gentlemanly
treatment to every one.
Pullman, - - WashingUn Ter.
Union Pacific Railway.
OREGON SHORT LINE.
Tbroußh Pullman Sleepers and Modern Day
' (teaches to Omaha, Council Bluffs and Kansas
i-itv making DIRECT CONNECTION'S to the
cities of DENVER, CHEYENNE. SALT LAKE
PITY OGDEN, COUNCIL BLUFFS, OMAHA.
KANSAS CITY, ST. LOUIS, CHICAGO, and all
points in the East and Booth.
BaXgage checked through from Pall
man to all points named.
Family Sleepers Free on
All Through Trains.
Vnr further information regarding territory
traversed, rates of fare, descriptive pamphlets,
X£ applylo nearest agent of the Unlou Pacific
Railway, or O. K. £ N. Co., or address
f: H. H. BROWN, Agent, Pullman.
■y'm a Tbbbets, G. P. & T. A., Omaha, Neb.
A. L. Maxwell,
G. P. A., 0. R. & S. Co.,
She ftadlttimt JkftiliX
THE TERRITORIES READY TO ENTER
THE GALAXY OF STATES.
The Conditions on Which Montana Will
Enter — Pension Legislation-Ore
gon's Militia Bill Becomes a
The nomination of Walter L. Bra?g
to succeed himself as interstate com
missioner, has been favorably reported
in the Senate.
The Atlanta left New York Saturday
morning for Hayti. It is thought
that tke vessel's presence is necessary
to preserve peace.
Secretary Whitney says the State
department has done all it can in the
Samoan matter. It now rests with
Congress, which alone has power to
The pension department has grant
ed i ensions to Heury F. Phillips, of
S; atile, and John B. Wencmy, alias
J. Smith, of Lewiston, Idaho, a sur
viver of the Mexican war.
Vice President-elect Morton was in
Washington last week, looking about
the city for a desirable residence, but
failed to find a suitable one. He does
not desire to build or buy a hsme at
The Dakota delegation now in
Washington feel confident that a bill
will now be passed for the admission
of South Dakota into the Union ; also
the passage of an enabling act for the
early admission of North Dakota.
The President has approved the act
to provide arms, ammunition, etc., for
the militia of Oregon ; the act to pro
vide stores for the militia of Montana,
and the act amending the postal laws
iv regard to the special delivery of
General Swaim will be placed on
the retired list, notwithstanding the
fact that many members of the retir
ing board are said t j be of the opinion
tnat his present disabiliiies are not
serious eneugh to incapacitate him
from further active service.
Representative Hermann's bill pro
viding for an increase of pension for
Colonel James Waters, of Djujjlas
county, Or., a veteran of the war of
1812 and of the Oregon Indian wars,
who is now ninety-four years old and
band, was reported favorably to the
House last week.
Among the bills recently intro
duced in the House are the following :
Granting light-of-way for a railroad
across the Fort Pima Indian reserva
tion in Arizona; granting the Big
Horn Southern railroad right-of-way
across a part of the Crow Indian res
ervation in Montana.
Governor Swineford, of Alaska, es
timates the annual resources of the
territory at about $9,000,000; min
erals, $2,000,000; all other resources,
$3,000,000. He urges the develop
ment of the territory's mines, espec
ially that of coal, which he claims ex
ists there in large quantities.
The Senate sub-committee on
fiuance has occupied much time iv
hearing opposing claims of the wool
growers and wool manufacturers on
changes in the btriff on wool. The
impression prevails that the commit
tee will ask for a reduction on the
common grades of wool from eleven
to ten cents.
Governor Beaver, of Pennsylvania,
chief marshal of the inauguration pro
cession, has issued an order calling on
all organizations desiring to partici
pate to notify him at headquarters
before February 20th. Civic orders
of liss than fifty in number will not
be permitted in line, or with improper
costume or equipment.
The board of Indian commissioners,
at their recent annual meeting,
adopted resolutions deprecating the
practice of changing Indian officials
for partisan reasons and urging the
extension of the civil service system
to the Indian service ; also opposing
the removal of the tribes from their
reservations where they are settled
and are making progress toward civ
The President has returned to the
Senate without his approval the bill
to pay $3800 to William D. Wheaton
and Charles H. Chamberlain, for
many years prior to 1879 rtgister and
receiver of the land oflice at San Fran
cisco. These two officers were re
quired by an order, issued July, 1877,
to turn thereafter into the treas
ury certain fees to which they were
entitled by law.
A movement is on foot to secure a
pension for Postmaster L«uis Purdy,
of Yorktown, Westchester county,
New York, who is ninety-thrte years
old, and who enjoys the distinction of
being the oldest postmaster in the
country, having vottd for President
elect Harrison and his grandfather
before him. Purdy was appointed
postmaster of Shrub Oak by W. H.
Hairison in 1841, and has discharged
the dnties of hia office ever since.
Tbe omnibus bill, which has passed
the House, in so far as it relates to
Montana, authorizes the peeple 10
chouse delegates, to form a conven
tion, in each district. The whole num
ber of delegates to be seventy-four,
and are to meet on July 4, 1889. They
are authorized to form a State gov
ernment and constitution, provided,
that at the time of election of dele
gates the constitution adopted by the
constitutional convention held at Hel
«na in 1888 shall be submitted to the
people for ratification. Land sections
16 and 36 will be granted to the State
for the support of common schools,
and 90,000 acres of land are granted
for the support of agricultural col
leges. Five per cent of the proceeds
of sales of public lands is also granted
for common school purposes.
PULLMAN, WASH. TER., JANUARY 26, 1889.
I MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS
THE CRUSHED AND KILLED IN THE
A Youthful Bank Robber Comes to
Grief at Kansas City—New Mex
ican Cable Line —A Judge
Heavy snow storms are reported
Ex-Congressman Singleton, of Mis
sissippi, is dead.
The Cincinnati shoemakers con
General Rosecrans will soon be
placed on the retired list.
An offer of $30,000 has been refused
for the trotter Ambassador.
Massachusettes Republicans have
renominated Senator Hoar.
Senator Mandeson, of Nebraska, has
been relected to the Senate.
The Colorado river will be investi
gated by government officials.
The " white caps" are creating ter
ror in many places in the East.
Governor Fifer, of Illinois, opposes
organized detective companies.
An effort is to be made to annex
Lower California to the United States.
Boys in the employ of the Chesa
peake oyster pirates are tieated as
A Sioux City, lowa, lawyer has been
ordered by the ''white caps" to leave
An earthquake was felt in New
New York last week in the Adiron
The crew that abandoned the ship
Christina at sea have arrived at
Charleston, S. C.
Axworthy, the defaulting city treas
urer of Cleveland, Ohio, will take up
his residence in Toronto.
Diplomatic circles in Europe cen
sure the United States for the con
tinued fighting in Samoa.
The libel suits instituted by the
Chicago police against the Times of
that city have been dismissed.
J. J. Patterson, ex-United States
Senator from South Carolina, has
been sued for breach of promise.
The belief is growing that the rela
tions between the United States and
Germany are becoming strained.
The police of Knoxville, Term., re
cently raided a private car and ar
rested the occupants for gambling.
It is again rumored that Charles
Francis Adams will soon retire from
the presidency of the Union Pacific.
Jennie Stuirt, the daughter of a
New York stock broker, ran away
with her father's coachman last week.
Jane Suffert, who has been keeping
a baby farm in a room sixteen feet
square at St. Louis, has been arrested.
The fishing steamer Novelty, which
left Boston recently, is said to be
loaded with arm? and men for Hayti.
Henry Kruse, who shot Ward Mc-
Manus, a prominent St. Louis capi
talist, last week, killed himself Satur
Chief Byrd has been recognized by
Secretary Vilas as Governor of the
Chickasaw nation in Indian Terri
The f istest time ever made across
the Atlantic was that of the Umbria
last week—6 days, 2 hours and 45
The postal authorities will sjon in
vestigate the free delivery fy.stem of
California, Oregon and Washington
At Rahway, New Jersey, incendiary
fires are started so that the boys can
turn with the engine and*ave a good
Powderly claims that the men who
are trying to start an opposition order
to the Knights of Labor offered to sell
out to him for $100.
Miss H. O. Woodard, of Charlotte
ville, Va., ran away last week and was
married. The young lady is a cousin
of General Harrison.
Herr Most, of New York, the arch
anarchist, has applied for police pro
tection. He claims that his life is in
danger from his former associates.
The New York World has made ar
rangements for an exploring expedi
tion to Africa to discover the where
abouts of Stanley and Emm Pasha.
The towns of Cimarron and Ingalls,
in Kansas, are engagnd in a county
seat war. So far two men have been
killed and great excitement prevails.
Col. Frank Posey has been nomi
nated for the unexpired term in Con
gress occasioned by the resignation of
Congressman Hovey, now Governor
In the camp of a gang of thieves in
Indian Territory was found, recently,
a diary detailing a murder in Ohi« in
1863, which the owner of the diary
committed with an axe and secured
The Mexican Telegraph company
has arranged for the laying of a new
cable across the gulf to Galveston, the
present one being found inadequate to
transact the Mexican and Central
American business now handled.
Judge Lyman Follett, who left
Grand Rapids, Mich, two years ago
and went to Honduras, leaving a
large amount of trust funds unac
counted for. was arrested in Helena,
Mod tana, and will be takan back to
Forty saloon-keepers, who are to be
tried for contempt in violating tem
porary injunctions issued under a pro
hibition law at Canton, 111., have
agreed to abandon their places and
leave the state on condition that the
cases be dismissed.
PACIFIC COAST NOTES,
NEW DISCOVERIES IN THE NORTH
WESTERN MINING DISTRICT.
A Los Angelea Detective Shoots Himself.
Prospectors Find a Watery Grave
in the Colorado River— Ne
vada'j Miner'ii Home.
The Santa Monica hotel was burned
Charles Dudley Warner will winter
Anaheim, Cal., contemplates start
ing a beet factory.
Stockton, Cal., has organized a na
tural gas company.
Lydia Thompson is ill at Lo3 An
geles with pneumonia.
Additional murders of Arizona
shepherds are reported.
W. D. Saals, of Red Bluff, Cal., has
failed. Lnbilitiei, $21,000.
Washouts on the Southern Pacific
are reported west of Ynma.
The late small-pox scare at Mereed,
Cal., cost the county $3000.
Sam Jones, the revivalist, is hold
ing meeting at Los Angele3.
Santa Rosa orchardists have planted
100,000 trees the present season.
Cattle and sheep, caught in the
snow in New Mexico, are starving.
Parties in Nephi, Idaho, propose
shipping rabbit carcasses by the car
The saloon license of $150 has been
repealed by the supervisors of Marin
Wild hogs are plentiful in the tules
along the Humboldt, near B.itlle
Wattonville, Cal., is making efforts
to secure the location of a 11 ix mill at
It is said that Fort Canby, at the
mouth of the Columbia, will again be
The Indians of Saline Valley, Cali
fornia, are raising fine fig, apple, pear
and peach trees.
A bill has been introduced in the
Nevada, legislature to provide a home
for indigent miners.
A Portugese sheepman was acci
dentally killed by his brother in Fres
no county, last week.
Charles Gordon, who was to have
been hanged last week at Fort Bon
ton, Montana, was respited.
At tides of incorporation have b^en
tiled by The D.illrs Portage company,
with a capital stock of $500,<)00.
Mrs. Sarah Sniver, of Glendale, W.
T., was burned to death recently by
the explosion of a coal oil lamp.
A car-load of lobsters lias been
shipped to Puget Sound. Scow bay
has been chosen for lobster raising.
E. H. Dunn escaped from the Napa
asylum last week and was found
shortly afterward hanging to a tree.
Detective A. B. Lawson at Los An
geles fchot himself while taking a re
volver from his desk recently. He will
The Portland water-works want to
issue $1,500,000 m«re bonds to enable
it to supply 20,000,000 gallons of wa
ter a day.
Miss Nellie Reche, living near Col
ton, California, was terribly stabbed
last week by an unknown man, who
made his escape.
J. R. Moody, ot Colusa county, who
tried to kill his wife a short time ago,
has been sentenced to four years in
It is reported that Senator Hearst,
of California, has purchased the now
famous Harqua Halu, mine?, in Ari
zona, for $250,000.
There is good reason to believe that
the Klamath Indian reservation in
northern California, will soon be
open to settlement.
A pension has been granted to J.
H. Eaton, of Portland, a Mexican sur
vivor, and an increase to Garrison
Datson, of Grant's Pass, Cal.
Stephen T. Morse, a prominent fruit
grower of Sacramento county, Cal.,
while loading hay from a scaffolding
last v eek, fell and broke his neck.
The man employed by the San Ber
nardino county grand jury to expert
the county treasurer's books has
since gone to jail for petty larceny.
A warrant was recently issued for
the arrest of John Hall, a prominent
architect of Los Angeles, on a charge
of perjury in a timber culture claim.
San Diego has received an order
from Colima, Mexico, for twelve miles
of rails, twenty-four cars and other
necessary equipments for a horse-car
Engineers are now at work on the
proposed peninsular railroad leading
out of San Diego. The line will be
completed to Yuma, Ariz., in a very
While several prospectors were en
route to the new gold fields in Ari
zona their boat was capsized in the
Cororado river, below The Needles,
and all were drowned.
Louis Wanderer, a boy, was found
not guiicy of stealing Mrs. Scmidlin's
chickens at San Jose, and his guar
dian has brought a suit for $5000
against Mr<j. Schmidlin.
fiThe legislature of Montana has
adopted a resolution, almott unani
mously, protesting against the adniis
eion of Utah Territory as a State on
the grounds of polygamy.
Owen Brown, a son of old John
Brown of Kansas, died recently near
Pasadena, Cal. He was seventy-four
years old, aad is said to be the last
survivor of the Harper's Ferry affair.
! THE AGRICULTURALIST
SOME ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS OF
Cheap Lands Not Always the Most Prof
ltable-The Value of Hay Lies In
Feeding It to Your Own Cat-
To a pint of warm boiled hominy
add a pint of milk or water and a pint
of Hour. Beat two or three eggs and
stir into the batter with a little s.ilt.
Fry as any other griddle cake.
The farmer who thinks that to make
money he must go where land is
cheaper, should consider well if he
would not make more money by mak
ing the land he has deeper and richer.
The elements of the fundamental
principles of farming are: Soil, heat,
moisture, muscle and brain power.
The commingling of these five ele
ments produce the key to successful
Pumpkins for cows Uave best effect
when fed before very cold weather, for
there is less absorption of animal heat
to warm the mass—forty or fifty
pounds—that a cow will take into her
A neat and well-kept farm indi
cates that the owner is thrifty. The
manure heap is the most important
thing now. If the heap is sheltered
so as to prevent loss, and so managed
that everything that can be added to
it can be decomposed, it will effect a
saving and prevent filth in the barn
We do not produce potatoes enough
for home consumption if the fact that
such products are imported are taken
into consideration. If foreigners can
ship their products 3000 miles to
reach us we can, with our improved
machinery on our cheaper lands, pro
duce more than may be requireel in
Sheep manure contains from 90 to
9) per cent of the plant food con
tained in the rations consumed by the
sheep. It is, therefore, a very rich
fertilizer, as experience has shown. It
is especially rich in nitrogen in an
available form, and for that reason is
excellent for use as a starter iv the
hill for corn and potatoes.
All smutty corn or husks should be
burnt. It is better to take precaution
for next year than to attempt to pre
vent smut by some remedy. It would
have b ;en best to destroy the affected
stalks when growing, but even now
no traces of smut should be allowed to
exist. Seed should never be selected
from a Meld containing smutty year«
When grain and hay crops are sold
off the land they carry away the fer
tility of the farm, but when such
crops are fed to stock not only is a
portion of the crop left over as ma
nure,' at a higher price is received
for Mich crops in the shape of beef,
pork, mutton or milk, which enables
the farmer to re-itore any loss of fer
tility by the increased receipts conse
quent upon the keeping of stock.
The improper keeping of cream,
and allowing it to become sour while
waiting for more, and the failure to
keep the milk and cream in some
place of even temperature, is the
cause of nearly all poor butter. The
quality of the cream should be uni
form, and no mixing of different ages
can be done safely. No amount of
working the butter can compensate
for the injury done before churning,
and every portion of the work should
be done speedily and not be made de
pendent on something that is to fol
If the milk is too cold for the but
ter to come, or the temperature is too
high (as sometimes happens in sum
mer), it may be brought to the de
sired temperature by the addition of
cold or warm water, as the require
ments may be, until the proper tem
perature is obtained. The use of a
thermometer will greatly r.ssist in the
work of churning. Some prefer to
raise the temperature by placing the
churn in a tub of warm water. Any
mode that will raise the temperature
will answer. Rectangular churns,
which dash the butler from side to
side, are now largely in use, the but
termilk being drawn off as soon a«
the butter assumes the granular
stage. After the buttermilk is off, if
preferred, a strong solution made by
dissolving salt in water, may be
poured into tie churn and the butter
washed by again revolving the churn.
This carries off the buttermilk and
partially salt? the butter.
Although no definite rule can be
laid down to be followed in covering
seeds, it is safe to say the larger the
seed the dteper the covering should
be. The old rule of covering seeds to
a depth equal to four times the diam
eter of the seed, will not answer in all
cases. The writer's experience would
lead him to advocate a greater depth
of sowing as a general rule. A depth
equal to cix times the diameter of the
seed would be more suitable for the
majority of seeds. Potato seed cut in
the usual way will give pieces varying
in thickness from half an inch to an
inch in thickness. According to our
rule, this seed would call for a cover
ing of four and one-half inches —a
depth which hae been practically
demonstrated to be mest advantageous
on well-drained soils. The same rule
may be applied to most other seeds
with equally satisfactory results, but
at the same time it is not held up as
an infallible guide under all circum
stances and conditions. Drainage,
amount of moisture, depth of soil,
and many other conditions must be
considered by the intelligent cultiva
tor in deciding this question for him
GROCERIES-Sugars have fallen ie
since our last report. We quote C s£c,
extra C s|c, dry granulated 6£c, cube,
crushed and powdered 7|c. Coffe»B firm,
Guatemala. 13t(S)21'c, Costa Rica ISJfe^lc,
Kio2o\raW!Uc, Salvadorl»S2oc, Arbuckle's
PROVISIONS—Oregon hams are quot
ed at Hie, breakfast bacon 13i(tellir,
Eastern meat isqnoted as fololw Hams
l;i(ul3i«, Sinclairs 14*2 100, Oregon break
fast bacon 13}@l4c, Eastern V.i'aV.i c.
FRUITS—Green fruit receipts 1239 bxs.
Hard fruit is scarce, and the supply of ap
p'es not equal to the demand. Apples 65®
85 per bx, Mexican oranges #1, lemons
tttab'.oO per bx, bananas $3.50&4.50,
quinces iO * 60c,
VEGETABLES—Market well supplied.
Cabbage i ale per H>, carrots and turnip*
"5c per sack, red pepper 3c per tb, potatoes
35fe40c per pack, sweet 1 Jdiic per Ib.
DRIED FRUITS— 91 pkges.
Sun-dried apples 4*650 per ll>, factory
slic d Be, factory plums 7@9c, Oregon
prunes 7'«9c, pears 9 a 10c, peaches 10c.
raisins a -.i"> per box, Call ornia figs
Be, Smyrna 18c per Ib.
DAIRY PRODUCE—Oregon creamery
and choice dairy 35c, medium . 7<a3oc Cal
ifornia fancy 30c, choice dairy 274 c,
Receipts 293 cases. Oregon 25c.
POULTRY — Chickens $5*5.25, for
large young and $4 ■ 4 75 for old, turkeys
1 tel-V per It), ducks $5@7 per dozen.
WOOL—Valley 18@20c Eastern Oregon
GRAlN—Valley 81.35, Eastern Oregon
$1.30 Oats 333135 c.
Fi OUR—Standard 84.50, otner brands
$4.25, Dayton and Cascade $4.10, GJaham
$3.25, rye' flour $6, do Graham $5.50.
FRESH MEATS- live, 3i<§3ic
dressed 7c, mutton, live, 3JCa;3 c, dressed
7c, lambs $2.50 each, hogs, live, si<g6c,
dressed 7@7J, veal dig Be.
The unseemly discussion which a
a certain class ef newspapers have
been making a conspicuous feature in
their columns of late of the question,
"Is marriage a failure?" is simply a
fresh breaking out of the old and nau
seous social malady of "free love." It is
amazing- that any editor who has either
any regard for the reputability of his
journal or any respect for the welfare
of society should countenance the dis
cussion of so grave a thema in the
reckless and flippant style and manner
in which it is treated by the class of
shallow and inconoclaatic writers who,
in their anxiety to air their immoral
sophistications, delight to exhibit their
contempt for those things and institu
tions which reasonable and good men
deem too sacred to be assailable.
The man or woman who seriously
asks the question "Is marriage a fail
ure?" is ohviously disqualified, by a
lack of eit.ier virtuous or proper ex
perience, or of intelligent or thought
ful conviction, from answering or even
discussing the question at all, the very
asking of it being almost proof posi
tive that the one asking it is of the
affirmative way of thinking, and that
he or she is of that way of thinking
because of experiences, observations
or theories that are at least superficial,
but more probably the resultants of
the individual folly or viciousness of a
depraved nature. A married life that
has proved a failure because the parties
to the contract have had neither sense
enough, mutual forbearance enough
nor morality enough to be faithful to
its obligations is not a just sample of
the marital institution, is not a fair
illustration of modern domesticity,
Is not an exponent of the aver
age family condition of civilized
society. It is exceptional and
abnormal. A true man and a true
woman, entering into the relations of
man and wife with rational delibera
tion, with genuine affection, and with
high and pure motives, do not find
marriage a failure. They know what
they are about bofore they enter into
the intimate and sacred partnership.
It is on their part not a matter of im
pulse, of emotion, of money, nor of
passion, but of mutual and reciprocal
affection, guided and consummated by
the dictates of reason and of a thought
ful anticipation of all the possibilities
and all the contingencies that are in
volved in the solemn compact Such
matches are made in heaven, are heav
enly in their lifelong continuance, and
extend beyond this life into heaven
Marriage is a failure enly when the
man or the woman is a failure in hia
manhood or in her womanhood. It is
never a failure when the man and the
woman are true to themselves and to
each other. It is never a failure where
the feeling and the motive and th«
purpose are right. It is never a fail
ure where true love and honor are tha
links of unity. It is never a failure
where good sense and good principle
lead to and control the relationship.
It is very rarely a failure, in any event,
where children are its fruitage and the
family altar is the center of its daily
Those who sneer and mock at mar
riage are not God's people; they are
not of those who are the best develop
ment of modern civilization; they are
not illustrations either of social mor
ality or qf sound sense. They are the
froth and scum that float and bubble
upon the surface of social life. They
are people of unbridled passions, sen
sual and selfish instincts or shallow
minds. They are not the many, but
the wild and reckless few. As a rule,
marriage is not a failure, but quit* the
reverse. When it proves a failure, it
is an exception to the rule, just as
idiots, cranks, lunatics and moral lep
ers are exceptional developments of
human evolution.— Chicago Journal.
—Miles W. Standlah, of Waldoboro,
Me., is a direct descendant of Captain
Miles Standish. who came over in the
Mayflower in 1620, and he has a son
$2.00 PER YEAR.
INCH AND OUNCE.
The Derivation of These Two Standard*
As the Jews had a mystical rever
ence for seven, and the ancient Welsh
und Celts for three, and the Greeks a
perfect philosophy constructed out of
the harmonies of all sorts of numbers,
so the Romans fell back upon a seal*
of—or. more properly, upon a scale
with a base of—six. Accordingly, as
they divided the pound into twelve
ounces, so they also divided the foot,
which was the standard of lineal
measure, into twelve sections, and
they called these sections unciae, too.
But how did they get the inch orig
inally? it may be asked. Rather, how
did they get the pound? for that, and
not the inch, is the unit. There seems
to be no precise information on this
point. They would divide any unit
into twelfths, and a prevailing notion
was at one time the linear uncia was
really the original, and was then
transferred as a name to a weight.
This, though plausible, is hardly thS
case. Sometimes, especially in old
books, written when philology was not
what it is now. it was the fashion to
derive unciaj from the same word in
the Greek, because, after the revival
of letters in Europe, the admiration of
the Greek became so great that when
ever similar words were found in it
and some other language it was al
ways said that the other language bor
rowed them from the Greek. This is
very far from being always so, and in
the present instance the very reverse
appears to have occurred. The ounce
is literally the twelfth, and thus we
ccc at once the sense of speaking of an
ounce of land and an inch of milk, just
as of an inch of a man's will or an
inch of interest for money on a loan.
It was always the twelfth of a unit;
twelfth of an hour; twelfth of a
jugerum, "that half-acre which the two
oxen plowed in a day; twelfth of a
Bextarius, or equivalent to our pint;
twelfth of the entire hereditis;
twelfth of the principal lent on time
when it was money at usury—that is,
over eight per cent.
It is, accordingly, as much of a mis
take to say that the primary meaningl
of the word is a linear, which is to say
that it comes straight from the Greek
into the Latin and thence on to us. The
riddle is plain enough when we get to
the true origin of the word —a twelfth.
Once, indeed, it used to be said that
the true origin was that the word
meant a thumb breadth, because its
equivalent, pollex, in linear measure,
was often used in its place. But this
is not the case. Some of the old I^atina
themselves, moreover, thought it
meant literally the unit; but even this
will not hold beside the proper signifi
cation of the twelfth.
The pound weight really never di
vided by inches or ounces, it was di
vided by twelfths, by halves, by thirds,
by fourths and by sixtha And here,
again, we see what a convenient base
a system of twelfths is for division
compared with a system of tenths,
which could only be divided evenly in
two ways—by two and five. For seven
ounces they usa the literal seven
twelfths; for eight ounces they said
two parts—that is, two thirds; for nine,
wanting a fourth, which with us roads
like a roundabout way of expressing
three-quarters; for ten, wanting a
sixth; for eleven, wanting a twelfth.—
BEATING A LAWYER.
It Is Done by * Farmer Who Believe* In
Treating City Folks Fairly.
" You newspaper fellows," said a
Taylor township farmer to a reporter
the other day, "have had so many guys
and gags at cider that the majority of
people believe we add half water in
" Don't you?" innocently inquired
" No! you blame numbskull, we
" But I—I—"
" Oh, of course, you thought so, but
you fellers ain't expectod to be too
smart in the top-story. However, I
was going to tell you about a lawyer
in town lie wanted a barrel of cider,
but he was terribly afraid of being
cheated. aHe engaged me to bring in
the juice, and in order to keep me
straight he said:
"Now, then, when the cider comes I
shall test it with a lackadaisial. and if
there is any water in it I'll make you
sweat for swindling."
" Did he say lackadaisial?" asked
" Something like that It made me
a bit mad, and so I planned to fix
him. I brought in a cask holding
forty-eight gallons. Thirty gallons
were well watered and the rest cider.
I left it at his house, and to-day I
called at his office to get my money."
" And he went for you?"
" Hardly. He gave me half a dollar
extra, and said it was the first barrel
of genuine cider he had had in ten
years."' — Detroit Free Press.
Which Man Felt the Worse?
••You look depressed," said one club
member to another. "I am depressed,"
was the reply. "I went home last
night slightly under the influence and
my dear little wife would not say a
word to me this morningl. I feel pret
ty badly, I can tell you."
"Crickety!" commented the other,
"I wish my wife would do likewise.
But when I go home 'tired and
troubled' you bet I catch it Why,
she'll almost talk my head off and
she'll follow me all over the housa
lecturing. Not talk to me! Why,
that is just what I want her to da You
are the luckiest chap I know. "—Denver