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title: 'Pullman herald. (Pullman, W.T. [Wash.]) 1888-1989, April 20, 1889, Image 1',
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VOL. 1. NO. 25.
J. D. KIRKWOOD, j
X> E N T X H T
Pullman, Washington Tor.
Okfick Hours: 9A. M. to 12 M . and ItolP. m.
STEWART BLOCK. MAIN ST.
E. H. LETTERMAN A CO.,
Dealers in Grain.
Highest market price paid for Wheat,
Oats, barley and Flax.
PULLMAN; - WASHINGTON" TER.
Attorney anil Counselor at Law,
PULLMAN, W. T.
Money to loan on real <state at the lowest
rates of inter*, at. All lcttii] baHiness promptly
attended to. Taxes paid for iion-remtlentß. Col
lections promptly made and remitted.
H. J. WEBB. J. F. WAIT
WEBB & WATT,
Physicians and Surgeons
Are Prepared to Treat All Special
Office in Stewart Block.
PULLMAN", WASHINGTON TER.
11. C. WILLIAMSON,
Barber and Hair Cutter.
Special Attention is Given to
Cutting : and : Trim in in if
Ladies' and Children's Hair.
Hot and Cold Baths.
PULLMAN, WASH. TER.
j£ CAPITAL STOCK:
$500000 $500,000 $500.000
PORTLAND - - OREGON.
W. V. WINDUS, Agent.
I'lilimitii. Wanlilucton Ter.
• Pullman Meat Market.
Dealers in all kinds of
Fresh and Cured Meat.
Specialties in aton.
£^-Hlgli»«t market prices paid for CattU
and Hides, Hogs, etc.
Nodlne Block. - - Mai" »«reet
Jeweler: and: Engraver
— AND —
-:- Practical -:- Watchmaker. -:
- rullman. Washington T«rr.
jy Repairing of Watches, CloekOud Jew
lry a specialty. Tostofflce Building.
I$A BNEY II ATT RI
— PROPRIETOR —
Pullman Sample Room,
Cor. Main and «raud streets.
Fine Wines Liquors and Cigars.
Perfect order maintained and Kertlemaulj
treatment to eery one.
Pullman. - ■ Wa»hl.it«u I>r.
Union Pacific Railway.
OREGON SHORT LINE.
or? OtiDEN. COUNCIL HUFFS. OMAHA.
iAn^Us CITY. ST. l.ons. CHICAGO, and all
point* In the East and South.
Ba»a«e checked through «'■<>"" Pull-
man to all points named.
Family Sleepers Free on
All Throu h Trains
For farther information rettai'infr territory
traversed, rates of faro, descriptive pampUtatt,
♦tc apply to nearest aiteut of the Union Pacific
Railway,'or O. K. AN. Co.. or addrew
H. H. BROWN, ARent, Pullman.
T. 8. Tebbets, (i. P. & T. A., Omaha, Neb.
A. L. Maxwell,
G. P. 4T. A., U. R. <t X. Co.,
She Wtdlmxm fteftiliX
FROM THE CAPITOL
JUDGE THURMAN CALLS UPON THE
Senator John Sherman and Fanily to
Go to Europe—Lyman E. Knapp
of .Vermont, Appointed
Govrnor of Alaska.
The President's health has improved.
Judge Thurman called u[>on the l*res
Albert M. Brodkfl has been appointed
postmaster at Seattle.
General Schofiekl will inspect all mil
itary i>oßts next month.
Senator John Sherman and family wiil
soon make a trip to Europe.
W. 0. Bradley, of Kentucky, has de
dined theCorean mission.
The supreme court will adjourn for the
summer on the 13th of May.
.1. A. Pickler, of Dakota, has been ap
pointed inspector of public lands.
Senator Higgins is the first Republi
can senator elected from Delaware.
Lyman E. Knapp, of Vermont, has
been appointed governor of Alaska.
The pension office has allowed a claim
oi $14.U00 to Phillip Flood for arrears.
The successor to the Chinese minister
at Washington has been decided m>on.
Monday is now a day on which the
President will not receive otlice-seekers.
11. (i. Jacobs has been appointed su
perintendent of construction at Los An
Thomas 11. I-hmian, of Maine, will
he appointed consul-general at Liver
Secretary Rusk will reduce the number
of employes in the agricultural depart
Ex-consul general to Samoa Sewall
has been appointed disbursing agent at
William Woods, convicted of murder
in Arkansas, has been pardoned by the
John T. Scott has been appointed su
perintendent of public buildings at Port
The work of re-organizing the consular
service was commenced this week by
P.. M. Head, jr., of Washington terri
tory, has been appointed register of the
land office at Seattle.
C. M- Ogpen has been appointed spec
tal timber agent of the land office in
\\ ashington territory.
Ecuador will be represented at the
conference of American states to be held
at Washington October 4th.
Major Armes is being tried by court
martial at Washington for having pulled
tiie nose of General Beaver.
The Rev. Dr. Scott, the President's
fa-her-in-law, keeps steadily at work at
his desk in the pension office.
Henry W. Raymond, of Pennsylvania.
has received the appointment of private
secretary to Secretary Tracy.
It is said that the President will not
confine himself to party lines in his ap
pointment of Southern officials.
Mrs. Harrison denies that any discrim
ination has been made at the White
house against colored domestics.
The secretary of war has ordered that
the new military post near Denver shall
lie named in honor of Gen. Logan.
The comptroller of the currency has
authorized the Citizens' National bank
to begin business at Sjwkane Falls.
The President will only appoint men
of ability to office in the South. Party
lines in such cases will be ignored.
All the states and the territory of Da
kota have been provided by congress
with agricultural experiment stations.
The state of Wisconsin has been trans
ferred from the military department of
the East to the department of Dakota.
In the selection of Indian agents the
secretary of the interior lias decided not
to appoint men residing near reservations.
The secretary has received informa
tion from the consul at Rio de Janeiro of
the prevalence of yellow fever at that
Commissioner Stockslager estimates
that fully 100,000 people are now ready
to enter Oklahoma, ten to each home
The maintenance of war ships at Sa
moa will be discountenanced at the Ber
lin conference by the American repre
The secretary of state has been in
formed by the American consul at Pana
ma that there is now no danger of trouble
on tlii.' Isthmus.
The charges of insulwrdination pre
ferred against Ensign Sehwerin while in
Alaskan waters, have been dismissed by
the navy department.
The bond of Mr. Huston, as treasurer,
has I .ecu approved, but he will not take
immediate possession until the moneys
shall have been counted.
Pension Commissioner Tanner wiE
soon commence a thorough investigation
of his department with the view of un
earthing supposed frauds.
Secretary Rusk lias been married
twice, and has been a journeyman coop
er, a farmer, stage drive-, soldier, gov
ernor and practical politician.
The President has announced his in
tention of vigorously enforcing the law
against land-grabbers and peraons tres
passing upon the public domain.
The New York Knights of I.abor have
asked Secretary Wisdom to prevent the
landing of silk"weavers, alleged to lie on
their way under contract from Switzer
Secretary has appointed B. F.
Kayser ami wife, of Marion, 111., assist
ant'superintendent and matron respect
ively of the Indian school, at Warm
The naval commissioners appointed to
select a site for the new navy yard in the
northwest, have finally decided upon a
point on Puget sound, midway between
Seattle and Tacoma.
A mistake in the President's procla
mation opening the territory of Okla
homa has bad the effect of excluding
government officials who had been ap
jjointed to open the two land offices in
PULLMAN, WASHINGTON, APRIL 20, 1889.
THE PACIFIC COAST.
THE CALIFORNIA POWDER WORKS
The United States Grand Jury at Port
To onsend, Indict Herbert Beecher,
Wm. Harned and Quincy A.
Brooks for Malfeasance.
Bees are not permitted in Los An
At Lodi, Cal. 3000 acres are planted to
The Canyon Diablo train robbers have
A large hotel for tourists is to be built
at Santa Rosa.
The police at Los Angeles have closed
all gambling games.
Carson. Xev., has succeeded in stamp
ing out the small-pox.
An artesian well, 1000 feet deep, is to
be. bored at Alila, Cal.
Fully 1(1,000 people are now out of
work in San Francisco.
Marysville, Cal., is now. making large
shipments of strawberries.
Ex-Senator Vrooman dropped dead at
| Oakland, Cal., Wednesday.
Two colored men have been placed on
; the Los Angeles police force.
Miss Verona Baldwin has been sent to
! the insane asylum at Napa.
Rev. Samuel Miller, of Scio, drooped
dead of apoplexy Thursday.
A. J. Crab fell in a cellar at Wailula,
last week, breaking his neck.
A band of ten Indians are creating ter
ror on the Colville reservation.
Mrs. L. C. Anderson cut her throat
with a razor at Spokane Falls Thursday.
The relief station at Point Barrow,
Alaska, will not be established this year.
Ex-Lord High Sheriff Hubbell, of Lon
j don, England, was in ban Francisco last
I The head of a fireman killed in a rail
road accident near Reno last week could
I not be found.
The old board of directors of the Ore
gon and California Railroad company
have been re-elected.
A Chinaman fell on a gang-saw at
Port Discovery, Saturday, and his head
1 was severed from the body.
The canned fruit organization at San
Francis.■<> is again making an effort to re
duce transcontinental rates.
Absolom Parker, a stage driver at Spo
kone Falls, was shot and killed last week
by his employer, Frank Martin.
Mrs. A. F. Webber, 62 years old, fell
fifteen feet off a bridge and a horse fell
on her at Collegeville, Cal., last week.
John Kelly, of Portland, has been ap
pointed by the governor to represent the
state at the World's exposition at Paris.
W. Parberry, aged 00, was found dead
on the poarch of his cabin, five miles
above Volcano. He had been murdered.
The California powder works at Pi
uule, Cal., exploded Wednesday, instant
ly killing S. M. Swan, and injuring C.
The Sacramento Board of Trade is se
riously considering the matter of the pro
posed branch ra;lroad to Amador county
direct from that city.
Santa Rosa, Cal., is making prepara
tions to protect itself against the hood
lum element which visits that place dur
ing the picnic season.
Miss May Carroll's eyes, it is feared,
were entirely destroyed by a lotion ap
plied to her face for neuralgia by a Los
Angeles druggist's clerk.
The book-keeper who stole $.">OO from
the First National Bank of Butte, M. T.,
was captured at Helena and taken to
G. W. Callahan has been arrested at
Los Angeles for passing forged checks.
He, it is believed, is thes-me person who
victimized people of Stockton.
A wharf L'OOO feet long is projected for
Santa Monica. Los Angeles is raising
subscriptions for the work, and Santa
Monica will give $20,000 toward it.
V judgement was entered at San Diego
last week for $86,360, with f»,500 addi
tional for counsel fees, against the ex-
Mission Land and Water company.
Six men have been arrested at Ban
ning, Cal., for unlawfully seizing and im
prisoning A. Knight, a rancher, whom
the men had accused of stealing cattle.
A boy by the name of O'Donnell, alias
A. M. Alien, of Texas, was sent to jail at
Red Bluff, Wednesday, for one month
for forging a pass on the O. R. &. N. rail
A sensation has been created at Los
Angeles by the statement that W. N.
Monroe, mayor of Monrovia, has fled to
Mexico to escape prosecution for sharp
The United States grand jury at Port
Townsend has indicted Herbert Beecher,
William Harned and Quincy A. Brooks
for malfeasance while in charge of the
custom house at that place.
Mayor Mown, of Seattle, W. T., has
suspended Chief of Police Mitchell for
malfeasance in office and nominated Cap
tain Williard to act in his stead. The
charge against Mitchell is collusion with
E. B. Giflbrd, of San Diago, has match
ed Otto Rex against McCarthy's Lena
Wilkes for $1000. The trot is to come off
at Los Angeles some time in next Decem
ber. SanMagansregard otto Rex as a
Pat Bagin, a rancher with a family,
living five miles from Susanville, Cal.,
was found near his house Thursday
night in a pond of water dead, with a
rope around his neck, the rope being at
tached to a stone.
The people of San Luis Obispo propose
to give the Southern Paeiric railroad,
from Santa MarghariUi to San Luis, the
right-of-way from the mouth of the tun
nel to the" city, and also the railroad
grounds for depots, etc.
\ decision in the railroad commission
caso in Oregon, where appointments were
made both by the government and the
legislature, has been decided against
Governor Pennoyer. The case will be
taken to the supreme court.
OVER THE STATES.
NATURAL GAS DISCOVERED IN
Th<» Wife of Theodore Thomas Dead-
An Attempt to Assassinate the
Czar of Russia-General
Boulanger a Refugee.
Murders are on the increase in Paris.
Labor strikes in Germany continue.
A regency has been established in Hol
Denver has organized a law and order
General Boulanger is a refugee from
Natural gas has been discovered in
Onions are one cent a bushel in Can
astoga, N. Y.
The Eiffel tower in Paris will be 1000
! feet in height.
Gladstone presided at the ParneO ban
| quet on the 11th.
A heavy snow-storm raged throughout
Old Virginia last week.
The wife of Theodore Thomas died at
New York Wednesday.
The town of Smithfield, N. C, was de-
I strayed by lire last week.
A panic prevailed at Percyville, la.,
last week, over mad dogs.
Henry George has made a number of
speeches in England recently.
Four " marbled polecats " are the lat
est arrivals at the London zoo.
An attempt was made to assassinate
the Czar of Russia last week.
Governor Wolrley was hanged in effigy
at Flagstaff, Ariz., Thursday.
The Lincoln monument at Springfield.
111., is rapidly falling to pieces.
The Michigan legislature has made it a
criminal offense to sell a eigarelte.
The Smithsonian institute has re
: ceived three elk from Buffalo Bill.
The German man-of-war Olga, recently
beached at Samoa, has been floated.
The recent losses by fire in Savanah,
\ Georgia, is estimated to be $ I,OOO,tX)U.
The rej>ort of the English admiralty is
that the navy of that country is inelliceut.
The effort to declare the present Chi
'■ cagocity government invalid, fell through.
The world's conference of Latter Day
j saints was held at St. Joseph, Mo., last
Canada is in favor of a partial hut not
an entire reciprocity with the United
Lewis Conklin, of Port Jervis, L. 1.,
was brained by his wife with an ax,
The Oklahoma boomers encamped
aronndCaldwell, Kan., Wednesday, num
A negro at Clinton, Wis., broke hia
neck while trying to pull his own tooth
Thieves steal horses and baggies at
Chicago and ship them to Denver where
they are sold.
Snow as black and dirty as if it had
been trampled underfoot, fell at Aitken,
Minn., last week.
Mosella White, a music teacher, was
arrested at Suaquehana, Pa., Wednesday,
for stealing $1f,,000.
Sandy Carty, a negro desperado, killed
Police Captain John R. Miller at Besse
mer, Ala., Sunday.
The U. S. steamer Pensacola, which
went down in a storm last week at Nor
folk, has been raised.
The Sultan of Turkey has discovered a
plot to depose him and to place his
brother's heir on the throne.
The All-around-the-world baseballists
were entertained in sumptuous style on
their arrival in New York last week.
Major Annes has made an abject apol
i ogy to General Beaver for pulling the
hitter's nose at Washington recently.
Lee Sing, a wealthy merchant of Den
ver, was arrested in Chicago Tuesday for
eloping with another Chinaman's wife.
Russell Harrison was arrested in New-
York Friday, on a charge of criminal li
bel against ex-viovernor Crosby of Mon
There are said to be only three of the
war governors now living—Blair of Mich
igan, Curtin of Pennsylvania, and Kirk
wood of lowa.
The Emperor of Brazil is abont to is
sue an edict prohibiting Brazilian girls
from marrying until they arrive at the
age of ten years.
Ellison Hatfield, one of the Hatfield-
McCoy gang of Kentucky desperadoes,
now in jail, confesses to three cold
Maillard, the chocolate confectioner of
New York, has sent to the Paris expo
sition two statues of Venus in solid
chocolate, weighing 900 pounds each.
It is proposed to have monster demon
strations all over the country on July
4th, in support of the movement to in
augurate an 8-hour system on May 1,
Meredith Stanley, of Cincinnati, the
athlete, leaj>ed from the iron bridge over
the Kentucky river, a distance of 280
feet, and was taken from the water un
Kilrain and Sullivan have agree<i to
fi"ht for a wager of $10,000. It is earnest
ly hoped by ■ long suffering public that
it will be a la Kilkenny in every sense
of the word.
The prohibition state of lowa has had
five murder trials so far this year within
its Iwrders, in each of which intoxica
tion was urged by the defense as a miti
gating circumstance of the crime.
Andrew Carnegie, in a speech in the
Pennsylvania house of representatives
Tuesday, declared that the Pennsylva
nia Central railroad was injuring the
value of property in large sections of the
It is said that a lack of coal at Pago Pa
go harbor, Samoa, was the cause of the
recent disaster to shipping. The absence
of coal prevented the German and
American war-ships maintaining steam,
hence they were at the mercy of the
: HOME AND FARM.
INVESTIGATION INTO THE ORIGIN
OP HOG CHOLERA.
The Superiority of Carrots and Mangle
Wurtzels as a Food for Milk
Cows—Yield of an Acre of
Land in Strawoerries.
There are in this country, Kcording to
'the government statistical bureau report,
44,i)1 1'.n'!7 head of Ihil's, breeding uui
mals ami young pigs.
To make hens lay. make a mush of
coarse corn-meal, boiling in a large red
pepper in each two quarts of the water.
Cook for an hour and feed hot. Boiled
apple skins seasoned with red pepper is
Daring the summer a great deal of rub
bish collects in the garden, ami perhaps
in the orchard. All this ought to lie
raked up and burned, or otherwise dis
posed of. If left on the ground, it fur
nishes food for insects.
Sweet Sauce: Beat Tip the yelks of
four eg^rs with four tablespoonfuls of pow
dered sugar; add a tumblerful of sherry
and a liquor glass of brandy, put the
mixture in a jog; place this in a sauce
pan of boiling water on the lire, and
froth up the same with a chocolate mill.
Oyster Saute: Drain two dozen oys
ters, dry them on a towel, sprinkle with
pepper and salt and roll in flour. I'ut a
quarter of a pound of bacon (cut in thin
slices) in a frying-pan and let tin- fat dry
out; remove the meat and pot in the
oysters ; let brown and turn. Serve on
Hashed Potatoes: Boil a quantity of
potatoes and pass them through 8 Bieve.
I'ut them into a saucepan with a good
lump of butter, and salt to taste; add a
little milk, and work them well with a
spoon on a slow tire for a few minutes,
adding small quantities of milk as it is
required, until they get of the desired
Potato Puddinc: Boil four large po
tatoes and pass them through a Bieve;
stir into them powdered loaf sugar to
taste, and the yelks of two or three e^rus ;
add a few drops of essence of lemon,
then the whites of the egg!B whisked to a
froth ; mix quickly and well ; pour into a
plain mould, buttered and bread-crumed,
and bake for twenty minutes in a quick
An acre ot land will produce five or six
times as many strawberries, in bushels,
as it will of wheat, and the prices usually
obtained for strawberries are more than
three times as much as for wheat. One
acre of strawberries will bring as much
profit as fifteen acres of wheat, while the
cost ef raising the strawberries is propor
tionately but little more than that of proV
An extensive apple-grower in Illinois
is said to plant only half as far apart as
the treos should stand permanently, and
then he brings three-fourths of them into
bearing as soon as possible by girdling,
letting them produce all they will until
the permanent ones need the room. The
girdled trees are then cut out and the
others have all the needed space for
growth and productiveness.
Have you a good stock of carrots and
mangle wurtzels in your cellars for your
milk cows? If you have you are a lucky
man. If you have not, it is too late now
to provide them, but make your calcula
tions to sow the seeds of them liberally
the present season. Yen will never com
plain that you have too many of such
roots for your stock. Cows, oxen, horses,
and sheep actually need green food in
winter as much as in summer.
There is no doubt whatever about the
benefits to be derived from a well-con
ducted creamery, observes a I'akota far
mer, not only to the fanners, but to ev
en' one within the limits of operations.
It gives the farmer a cash market for his
cream, anil enables him to pay cash for
supplies. It gi*"es him an inducement to
better his stoctc, and to employ better
and more profitable methods of caring for
them, in addition to many other benefits.
Cold Slaw: Put threetabteepoonfals
of vinegar in a saucepan with a little salt
and pepper; beat two eggs very light and
mix witli a teaspoonfulof sifted flour, a
teaspoonful of batter, a teaspoonful of
sugar and a half teaspoonful of ground
mustard. Set the vinegar on the stove.
and when it boils stir in the mixture.
adding half a cup of milk. Cook for two
minutes stirring constantly. Pour the
sauce over the shred cabbage and let it
become cold before serving.
Oysters ala Boulette : Put one quart
of oysters in their own liquor. i.<-t come
to a boil, turn in a hot dish, strain. Put
two ounces of butter in a saucepan, let
heat, sprinkle in a tablespoonful of
sifted flour, let cook one minute, stir and
add a cupful of the oyster liquor. Take
from the fire and mix in the yelks of two
egirs, a little salt, a very little pepper, one
teaspoonful of lemon juice and one grated
nutmetr. Beat well, return to the fire,
heat well, but not boil. Drop in the uys
ters. Dish and l»il.
Salad dressing for Oysters : Take the
yelks of three raw eggs, a small table
spoonful of mustard, a teaspoonful of
salt, two tablespoonfuls of white BOgar,
an atom of cayenne peper. a cup of "il
or butter melted, a small half-cup of vin
egar, the juice of a lemon. Beat the eggs
very light with the sugar, add the mus
tard salt and pepper. Mix in the batter
and vinegar in small quantities alternate
ly, and, just before pouring over the salad
add two cups of whipped cream. To
whip cream, let it stay on the ice a few
hours, then whip with an eggbeater.
Potato Balls: Take half dozen pota- i
toea, boil them, pass them through a
sieve, and work into them in a bowl one
gill of (.-ream and the yelks of three eggs;
add pepper, salt and nutmeg to taste.
and gome parsley finely chopped. When
they are well mixed and smooth, tike j
them up by tablespoonfuls, roll each in
a ball, flatten it and flour it slightly.
Lay them in a sauce-pan with plenty of 1
butter melted, and cook them slowly. :
Turn them over when one side is done, I
and serve liot as soon as lwtL sides are |
The agricultural department after care
ful investigation into the origin of hog
cholera, is said to have proven conclu
sively that it results from the use of car-1
rion food dropped by buzzards, while the j
habits of the hog are such that one in a I
herd being attacked will soon spread the ,
disease. Typhus fever in man has been
traced to the use of infected meat, of ani- j
mals slaughtered to avoid the disease, j
Thorough cooking of pork in affected dis
tricts will alone prevent man's liability |
to typhus fever from that cause. Imme
diate isolation of affected animals is rec
CROPS GIVE PROMISE OF A GOOD
In Sugars we Note a Slight Advance-
Cured Meats are About Steady-
Oranges and Apples Find
Sale at Good Prices.
The lack of rainfall has not brought
j forth any serious complaint from the
farming community, and so far the crops
give every promise of a good harvest.
Sugars have advanced since our last re
port. Oared meats are unchanged. Ap
ples and oranges of the host variety find
ready sale. Butter is rather weak, but
choice dairy is Bailable at fair prices.
A drop of a few cents in wheat lias occur
red .since our last report. The market
is quiet in feedstuff's, bran commanding
a fair price. The local freight market is
without any new business to report for
the week, and rates are therefore nomi
Sugars, Golden C »> 7 8 e. extra C T'^c,
dry granulated 8 3 B e, cube, crushed and
powdered s'jC. Coffee: Costa Rica and
Rio 21 V" --"■_■<■, Java 25 27c, Mocha 28
;>lc, Arlmckle's roasted 25% c.
Oregon ham 1 ■_"._,«(! He, breakfast ba
con l-'.ji', sides lOalO'.jC, shoulders 9@
'.i'._,c. Eastern ham L2J^@l3,^c, break
fast bacon l-'.,c. sides hUa iO'.jC. Lard
has declined lc, 10s K'.,c, oh BJ£c.
Navel oranges $4.75, Riversides $3.25,
California lemons :jv>.~>o((< 4 per box, ap
Potatoes 30 (2 ;i;)c, onions 00@$l, rheu
barb 10c, tomatoes $2.50 per box.
Apples s@oc, sliced »>'._.(•. apricots 13@
14c, peaches i)@l2c, pears He, Oregon
prunes, Italian, He, silver 7c, German 5
@7c, plums 5(2'7e. Raisins $2 per box,
California figs Be.
Butter, Oregon fancy 25c, medium 20e,
Eastern 22c, California 18@-'oo.
Chickens $firstname.lastname@example.org, ducks $10@ll per
dot.., geese $10@12, turkeys 17@18c
Valley 17al8c, Eastern Oregon B@ls<\
/ Wheat, Valley $127^1.30, Eastern
Standard $4.25, other brands $3.90.
Hay $13@15 per ton, bran $15a15, '
shorts $10aI7. barley $22.50@25, mill ■
FSESH MEATS. •
Reef, live. :','. 2 dressed 7c, mutton,
live. ."!'._,<•, dressed 7c, lambs $2.50 each,
hogs live tic, dressed "i%~i%c, veal 6@Bc.
The Ingenious Wav in Which Trout Ascend
Western SI reams. j
No doubt you all know that trout are
found in streams away up the sides of
mountains, but did you ever stop and
wonder how they got there? Mr. Hol
der tells a story in his latest book
which gives us this information: In the
village I mentioned the climbing of the
hill by a fish to a friend who owned a
mill on a mountain stream, and he told
me that the ascent was a puzzle to him
until one day his boy called him out to
the dam, where the riddle was solved. ,
The dam was nearly four feet high
and to relieve the stream several augur
holes had been bored in it, allowing a ,
small stream of water to jet forcibly ,
out and go splashing down into the ,
clear pool below. ! ;
As he approached the spot and
looked through the bushes several
large-sized trout were seen moving'
about under the mimic fall, evidently ;
in great excitement and darting into it
as if enjoying the splash and roar of j
the water. Suddenly one of the fish ' :
made a quick rush that sent it up the i
falling stream so that it almost gained ! ;
the top, but by an unlucky turn it was
caught and thrown into the pool, where i
it darted away very much startled. i
Soon another made the attempt, '
darting at it like the first and then ;
rapidly swimming up the fall, but only I
to meet the fate of its predecessor, i
This was tried a number of times, until
finally a trout larger than the others; '
made a dash, mounted the stream and I
entered the round hole. i
Here, then, was th c explanation '
The trout climbed the mountain by '.
swimming up the falls, darting up the '
foaming masses and adopting every ex- '
pedient to accomplish their journey. ■
For these fish deposit their eggs high
up stream, so that the young fry, when '
hatched, may not be disturbed b*
predatory fish and other foes living hi [ :
the lower waters.—Philadelphia Times. '•
—Honey as a Cure for Diphtheria.— '
Make a quart of red pepper tea, and j
after straining, add a tablespoonful of
common salt Then sweeten with honey I '
to suit the palate, (using extracted :
honey) and gargle as often as possible, I
always keeping the tea before the fire '
so as to have it lukewarm. The pepper
and salt are the knives that do the
cutting and the honey heals the
wounds. In extreme cases a dose of ,
oil will help much at first i
—Peach Dumplings.—Soak some
dried peaches over night, stew, sweet- ] :
en and flavor with a very little ex
tract of bitter almond. Make a good
paste, cut out rounds as large as a sau- ;
cer, cut a hole in the one designed for , i
the cover, and put them together with ;
two or three tablespoonfuls of the peach .
between. This must be simmered until :
the sirup is thick and rich. Wet the
edges of the crust and pinch them firm
ly together. Bake and eat warm with
cream.— Country Gentleman. '
$2.00 PER YEAR.
, LEARNED PROFESSIONS.
Why Young Men, Unlv*s Specially Uifted,
Should Not Knter liiiiii.
We Americans ar j free and equal
In theory, but not in practice. Thou
sands of American fathers educate
their sons to become lawyers and doc
tors because they consider the profes
sions of law and physic more "genteel"
than any mechanical trade. Henco
there is always a glut of physicians
and "counselors" in the market, more
than half of whom live in a state of
genteel penury, with small prospect of
leaving behind them when they die
assets enough to cover their debts and
To make a fortune at the bar, in
these days, a man must have extraor
dinary talent, or else bo unusually
fortunate in his business connections.
Many good lawyers, well read, shrewd
and persevering, fail to acquire a com
petence. For young men of mediocre
abilities, who have no controling busi
ness connections, there is barely a
chance to earn a hand-to-mouth liveli
hood in the legitimate walks of the
profession, and there are hundreds of
attorneys, of low mental and moral
caliber, who, to save themselves from
being starved out of the profession,
resort to a system of "sharp practice,"
which is only one degree less rascally
than pocket-book dropping and patent
It is the same in the healing art. A
few eminent physicians and surgeons—
great pathologists and bold and suc
cessful operators—command enormous
fees and accumulate wealth rapidly.
A large number support their families
comfortably by their practice, laying
up little or nothing, however, for a
rainy day; while a still larger propor
tion either hover on the verge of
pauperism, or resort to quackery, or
worse than quackery, for a living. Yet
multitudes of young men, very moder
ately supplied with brains, and with
their small modicums of intellect by no
means overstocked with knowledge,
are continually shouldering their way
into the temple of Galen, regardless of
the fact that there is scarcely standing
room for the present occupants.
The clerical calling, too. has its full
share of mediocrity and the grade be
low. Men who have not the gift to
teach any thing well, though they as
sume to teach their fellows the way to
Heaven, are by no means rare among
All the liberal professions are over
stocked. We have a broad country,
and a fruitful soil, which, as a general
thing, pays better for cultivation than
law, physic or theology. —N. Y.
Facts and Fancies Concerning: Phono
Phonography, the only perfect sys
tem of short-hand, was invented in
1837 by Isaac Pitman, a school-teacher
of Bath, England. It has superseded
all others, and is now almost univer
sally used for verbatim reporting. It
combines a perfect phonographic rep
resentation of the English language,
expressed by the simple signs, formed
of right lines, curves, dots and dashes.
Phonography meets all the require
ments for a complete philosoph
ical system of writing. It is easy
to learn, easy to write, easy to
read, and capable of reporting the
most rapid speakers. The old systems
of shorthand were so full of perplex
ing and arbitrary characters and com
plicated contractions that it took years
of intense and unceasing study to ac
quire a proficiency in any of them, and
even then it was not possible to make
a verbatim report of any except the
most moderate speakers. Isaac Pit
man had studied one of the best sys
tems of stenography for seven years,
and could only write one hundred
words a minute. And, unless it were
written with the utmost care, ste
nography was as hard to read as the
characters inscribed on the tombs
found in the pyramids of Egypt
A shorthand reporter should be
clever and intelligent. There is a
story told of an uneducated reporter
who is said to have rendered the well
known Latin quotation, "Amicus Plato,
amicus Socrates, sed major veritas,"
as follows: "I may cuss Plato, I "
may cuss Socrates, said Major Veri
tas." Elihu Burritt, the learned black
smith, once closed an address with
this sentiment: "Laborthought-hon
ored labor—may be the only earthly
potentate that shall be crowned on this
continent" He was surprised and
disgusted to find it printed in the next
morning's paper: "Labor thought
honored, may be the nail lately patent
ed shall be crowned on this continent'
Rev. Dr. Edwin H. Chapin was one of
the most rapid speakers of his time,
and he was a terror to the general run
of reporters. Once, in a sermon, ho
used the following language: "Christ
ianity has been the oriflamme of free
dom in all ages." The ignorant re
porter rendered it thus: "Christ has
been the horn-blower of freedom in all
. —— •*■*■* —
Good Cause for Fright
"Poor fellow!" exclaimed the ten
der-hearted woman, as she gave the
sorry-looking tramp a plate full of
hot chicken pie. "You don't look as
if you had always been a friendless
"No, mum," said the tramp, grate
fully, as he loosened his ragged vest
and started in ion the pie. "You
wouldn't think it from my looks, mum*:
but I'm the rightful Prince of Bally
"A foreign Prince!" said the good
woman, throwing up b.3r hands ' and"
recoiling in horror. "Here, , Tigel
Sick 'im! "—Chicago Tribune. . ■. .