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IN THE OLDEN TIME.
CELEBRATION OF INDEPEND
hNCE DAY LONG AGO.
tlen«iiiii Band Furnished the Music
for the First Official Jollification—
Noise in the l.arl.v Days Win Given |
Secondary Place on Programme.
N ye olden time they eel
ye oldrll time they cel
ebrated "indei >ndeiice
day" and Dot the
"Fourth of July." The
change of name came
with tin 1 change in the
manner of celebrating
Hi.' anniversary of the
signing of the deelara
t'<)" of Independence^
Many people deplore the
present method of show
ing appreciation of na-
tional freedom and deplore as well the
fact that the rising generation speaks of
the coming "Fourth" rather than of "In
dependence day," a name bo pregnant
with meaning. Perhaps the people who
"deplore" are right.
One of the signers on that famous
Fourth of July, ITT* V, declared on his
deathbed that he would like to sleep a
century, then wake up to find out how
future generations were celebrating Inde
pendence day. If the old gentleman's
wish were to be granted, when he heard
the fish horns, the multitudinous snap
ping of John Chinaman red wrapped in
ventions, the reports of the dangerous
torpedoes and dynamite crackers he
might be willing enough to hurry back to
When some staid New Englandpr finds
fault with the present method of cele
brating the nation's birthday the noise
making small hoy may with good grace
■tell him that New England's patron
saint, John Adams, recommended that
the day be recognized by just such a din
«s young America is making. It is true,
however, that President John suggested
-that the early part of the day should be
given over to solemn acts of devotion.
Then he said the day should be commem
orated "with pomp, parade, games,
sports, guns, bells, bonfires and illumina
tions from one end of the continent to
the other for evermore." Of the first
celebration of a Fourth of July by the
continental congress Adams in writing to
hi« daughter said: "The people shouted
and huzzahed in a way to strike utmost
terror to every lurking tory. There was
a Splendid Illumination and while a few
early houses were dark the show would
hare given King George a heartache."
Hessian Band Played.
On this first official celebration of
Fourth of July by Congress that body se
cured music for the day and at the same
time afforded the people a great chance
(or amusement and laughter by forcing
the Hessian band, which was captured
by Washington at Trenton the December
previous, to play in the public square all
day long. There is on record a fairly full
account of an Independence day celebra
tion which George Washington attended
as the guest of honor. The celebration
was held at the Spring gardens, near
AN OLD-TIME INDEPENDENCE DAY CELEBRATION.
Alexandria, Va., "with a largo company
of civil and military people uf Fairfax
Thiuga were noi particularly bright for
the colonial armies mi the tirst anniver
sary of the declaration of Independence.
The suMiers at MorrUtown heights, how*
ever, under Washington'! command each i
received an extra gill of rum with his
ration in recognition of the day. The
third anniversary of the signing of the
declaration was made memorable by the
issuing of an order by the cpnimander-
In-Chief thai ail military prisoners under
the sentence <>f death should bo pardoned.
Perhaps the most enthusiastic and
heartfelt eel.-brations of Independence
day did not take place on the day itself.
News travel.,| slowly in the year 1770, '
and it was sumo days before New York !
knew tluit the country had boon declared i
free. When the pleasing information did I
reach there, however, the town went
wild. The king's statue was pulled down
and melted up into bullets for the Ameri
can armies. Two or three days after
New York bid given vent to its "enthusi
astic feeling Boston celebrated. A Brit
ish army officer who wai a prisoner in
tb» nnb at the time wrote an account of
»• *«iolclngs of the "deluded people.
READY TO CELEBRATE HIS BIRTHDAY.
He was escorted l> ya hand of patriots take the place of speeches and in the
to see the "goings on" and confesses that larger towns of the reading of the declar
he enjoyed the occasion as a break in a ation of independence, which had always
rather monotonous life of captivity. The been a feature of the celebration. The
crowd of Bostonians tore down the lion opening of trade with China brought in
and the unicorn from the old headquar- the small firecrackers and American fac- !
ters of the British Government, alter- tories soon found the moans of making
ward the old Massachusetts state house, big ones. Noise assumed the scepter and
It was not until after the signing of has reigned ever since. There is a strong
the treaty of peace with <ireat Britain desire on the part of many people to day
that celebrations of Independence day to change the character of the celebra
were held regularly in all places. Dinners tion of Independence day and to make it
were favorite features of the day. Ev- like unto that which it once was. All
orvbody was invited and it was seen to sorts of plans have been suggested for a
that there was enough for all. The citi- more orderly and impressive
zen Kftt down at the outdoor table with- celebration of the republic's natal day. -
out any fear that a cannon cracker was The effort to change the methods of the
to be exploded under him before he had day's recognition are being exerted in a
finished his first course. Pandemonium virile way. and it may lie that the pn-s
--had not as yet come into general use as ent generation will live to find something
a synonym for the features of the Fourth more in the Fourth of July than a picnic,
of July. All through Virginia the public (lie explosion of a pack of crackers under
and private feasts on Independence day a tin pan or the rush of a rocket which,
had as a dish what was known us Bruns
wick soup or stew. The name probably
arose from a desire on the part of the
Virginia householders to suggest that the
kingly house of Brunswick was "in the
In the staid land of steady habits, Con
necticut, in the town of Hartford it was
the custom for years to have a great
dinner "in the field." A newspaper of
100 years or so ago gives an account of
one of those dinners and a list of twenty
toasts. The crack military companies of
the section were in attendance at the
The Boston official dinners on Indepen
dence day were held in the hub's cradle
of liberty, Faneuil Hall. Edward Everett
Hale tells of one of the earliest Fourth of
July celebrations of his remembrance.
It was that of the year 1833, and on that
day for the first time a great chorus of
school children sang "My Country, 'Tis
Character of Celebration Changes.
It was just about this time that the
character of the celebration of the anni
versary of the birthday of American In
dependence began to change. Parades
w«*« held a> usual, bat noise be#aa to
like too many Independence day celebn
tions, ends in a ■'stick.**
Value or Patriotic Celebrations.
It is sometimes hurd work und a good
deal of expense, especially in small and
not well-to-do communities, to get up a
Fourth of July celebration; but every
gathering of this sort pays the largest
kind of interest on the investment in the
cultivation of tin- spirit of patriotism and
the proper education of boys and girls in
the theory and practice of Fourth of
July celebrations and similar observances
that shall mean more than a simple good
Parson Goodman— Little boys, do you
know just why it is that you are shoot
ing off that cannon and those giant crack
Boy—Sure! The old slob wot lives in
that bouse hates boys and can't stand
noise and won't let us play ball in his
Fourth of July Might.
Mr. Mulcahey—Begob, an* thim B©»
mans moosht nor loved ezcoitement aff
they used thim things fer caadlesl—N«w
York Joanui. |
A CLEVER BEAT.
He Was Cnnjtht Dead to Rights and
Begged for Pity.
"I've had a variegated experience
with hotel beats In my time," said a
veteran bonlface who was in town on a
visit the other day. according to the
New Orleans Times-Democrat, "but I
believe the funniest Incident in that line
that ever came under my observation \
occurred some years ago when 1 had
charge of a house at a sister city not a
thousand miles from New Orleans. One
rainy evening shortly after the arrival
of the Eastern trains a tall, good-look- j
Ing chap walked Into the otliee swathed
from neck to heels in a long cape mack- ;
intosh. It was as handsome a raincoat
as I ever saw, and his fashionable hat
and the expensive alligator-skin valise
he carried in his hand completed the
outward picture of a gentleman of
means. lie wrote his name on the reg- '
ister, and, remarking that he was thor
oughly fatigued and not feeling very
well, asked to be shown at once to his
room. The clerk assigned him to quar
ters on the third floor, and one of the
bellboys picked up his valise and led
the way to the elevator. When they [
got out the elevator man slammed the '
door rather suddenly and kept on going
up to answer a call In the next story.
I It so happened that the long skirt of
the stranger's mackintosh caught on a
slight projection on the iron work of
the door, and as the car shot upward
It stripped the garment off his back
very much after the fashion of skin
, ning an eel, leaving him, to the blank
! amazement of the bellboy, clad in noth
' ing but a suit of red flannel underwear.
I was coming down the hall Just as the
, accident happened and I took in the
situation at a glance. The fellow had
expected to gain his room without de
tection, and in the morning would have
claimed that somebody had stolen his
] clothes with heaven only knows how
! much money In the trousers pocket and
probably a gold watch in the vest. !
"Anyhow, he was caught 'dead to
rights,' as the saying goes, and he was
taken so completely by surprise that he
I couldn't Invent any story to account for
! his condition. He begged piteously not
to be arrested, and I finally told him
to get out, but before he could leave
! the house he had to have some clothes,
and ho swapped his elegant valise for a
pair of greasy overalls and a blue cot
ton jumper belonging to the engineer.
I heard afterward that he had caught
several big houses on the same game."
j KAjoylng Perfect Health at BO—Her"
I Young Husband.
The famous millionaire philanthro
pist, the Baroness Angela Georgiua
Burdett-Coutts, of London, celebrated
her eighty-sixth birthday on April 21,
says the New York Commercial Adver
tiser. She is enjoying almost perfect
health, and says she hopes to live for a
:entury. It was in 18S1 that the Baron
ess married a native of Philadelphia
who had become a British subject-
William Lehman Ash mead Bartlett—
who had been for some time her private
secretary. The Baroness was then 07
rears old and her young husband 29.
In this marriage custom was re
versed. Instead of the bride's chang
ing her name the bridegroom changed
Ills. By royal license, bearing date of
May 10, 1882, the Baroness' husband
had his name changed to William Leh
man Ashmead Bartlett-Burdett-Coutts.
The Baroness is the daughter of Sir
Francis Burdett, who married the
laughter of Thomas Coutts. When she
Inherited her grandfather's vast prop
arty she assumed the additional sur
name of Coutts. In 1871 she was cre
ated a -peeress. The Baroness is one of
the co-heirs of the baronies 'of Scales-
Latlmer and Badlesmere.
Queen Victoria, it is said, never for
gave the Baroness for marrying the
American, and snubbed her at a garden
party soon after the wedding. Mr.
Ashmead Bartlett - Burdett - Courts'
brother is Sir Ellis Ashmead Bartlett
Their mother died in London a few
Lost Brother's Vole© in Phonograph.
On the 14th of May, ISBI, George
Flemlngton, a brother of Peter Ilem- ,
lngton, of Galesburg, Mich., enlisted in
the regular army and disappeared.
Persistent inquiry failed to discover
his whereabouts, the only fact to be
ascertained being that of his discharge
for disability soon after his enlistment.
! Three months since Peter was In
Kalamazoo, where, by chance, he took
In an exhibition of which a phonograph
formed a part. Among other features
I was a fragment from the play, "The
, Three Guardsmen," during the render-
Ing of which one of the characters de
veloped a peculiar and scarcely notice
able stammer. Upon the request of
Mr. Hemlngton this part was repeated,
and that gentleman became convinced
that It was the voice of his long-ab
sent brother, who had a precisely sim
ilar Impediment In his speech. Since
the above occurrence the clew has '
been persistently followed, and re
cently the two brothers were reunited
after nineteen years.
South Carolina Homicide*. I
Homicides In South Carolina have ay
: eraged aver 200 a year for the last live
COL. BADEN.POWELL. ;-j
His Defense of Mafeklne Ha« Had
Him an Idol in England.
Col. Baden-Powell's gallant and bins
cessful defense of eking has ea."
deared him to the popular English
heart and set him upon a pinnacle to
bo pointed to as one of the great lead
ers of the South African war.
Col. Baden-Powell was the most
cheerful person In the besieged town
and was the force that sustained th»
weary and worn and hungry people
Ills spirits never drooped. When
Cronje and his 4,000 warriors invested
Mafeklng on Oct. 12, 1890, they did not
know that there was In command of
the garrison a man In whom "never say
die" was a literal fact. They did not
know that Baden-Powell produced the
opera of "Patience" In Kandahar after
the siege; that his first act after reach.
Ing India was to marshal around him
all the children he could find and teach
them to sing "The Girl I Left Behind
Me;" that Baden-Powell had scouted
BADKN-POWKI.L IN BATTLK.
safely through dangers that would
sadden an American Indian, only to
find one situation funnier than th«
preceding one; that this commandei
had such a power over men as to make
Afghans his personal admirers and
collies his friend*, and, not knowing
these things, Cronje began the siege.
Few men are as versatile as tha
hero of Mafeking. His accomplish
ments are described by an English
writer, who knows him well, as those
of a first-class sportsman and polo
player, a crack shot, an admirable ac
tor, a line singer, a forceful and clever
■writer, and an artist of great power.
With all this he Is modest and kind
hearted and is the Idol of his wife and
his pretty daughter.
The unconquerable colonel Is 43
years old. He entered the army in
1576, and most of his active service
was seen In the Zulu war, during
which he reconnoltend GOO miles of
the Natal frontier In twenty days and
absolutely alone. Whatever the fu
ture may hold for him, It is not prob*
able that he will record a nobler per
formance than that he has accom
plished In the defense of Mafeklng.
A Strange Pnciflo Inland.
The report that Lot's Wife, pernapi
the strangest Island In the Pacific, had
been damaged by an earthquake Is de
nied, and the claim made that the lone
some rock has been seen by recent nav
igators of that portion of the Pacific.
Lot's Wife is in latitude 20:47 and
longitude 140:22:30 east, and Is south
east of the Island of Neppon, the larg
est of the Japanese group. Meares, the
explorer, ran across it in 1788, and at
first mistook It for a ship. He called 11
Meares' rock, but It had very likely
been discovered in advance of that time
by Spanish explorers who chart It as
Vela rock. The United States steamer
Macedonian passed It in 1854, and she,
too, mistook it for a sail. Its rugged
peak rises nearly 300 feet above the
sea. and it can be seen for twenty-five
miles. There is a great cavern In the
base of the rocky pinnacle and the sea
roars through It with a voice of thun
der. The diameter of the water line Is
about fifty feet, and It stands as an im
pressive monument to the force of Na*
ture In convulsion. ;
Money In a Famous Name.
It is estimated that the fame which
attaches to Stratford-on-Avon because
of the fact that Shakspeare was born
there Is worth $5,000,000 to that town.
The charges for admission to the poet
house, to Anne Hat he way's cottage, to
the church, to the memorial and to the
grammar school net $150,000 yearly
a sum which Is equivalent to an income
of 3 per cent, on the $5,000,000 capital-
This calculation does not take Into ac
count the income to the railways from
the pilgrims to the Warwickshire
mecca, and there Is no estimate of the
profits of the Stratford tradesmen, who
do a good business In photographs,
pamphlets and trinkets relating to tn«
town and the great bard.
Muffs were first used by doctor* ™
keep their fingers soft, and were adopt'
«d bjr ladles about 1550.
At what ago In a woman is it *•
longer discourteous to entertain a •<*•*
plckm that her teeth are too good *° *