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Toilers of the Golumbia
By PAUL DE L7INEY
Huthor of "Lord of the Desert," "Oregon Sketches,"
matt other Pacific Const Storlem
Toilers of the Colombia.
•'How is the storm?"
"Pretty high, father, but not bo high
M it was a week ago."
"I do not believe I can go today, my
"Well, father, I will try it alone.
Dan Lapham fiehea a trap alone, and I
believe 1 can do so, too."
"My child, this work is getting too
severe for you. For more than a year
you have had to pull at the oars and
your task has grown greater until your
strength is over-taxed. Day by day I
grow more feeble and day by day the
burden is increased upon your should
ers. If I could only complete the link
that still is missing I would place you
wh«re you could continue your studies
and the old man that I am would spend
his few remaining days in comfort as
your ward. I know, Sankala, that you
would not begrudge me so small an
•mount if it were yours."
"No, father, it should nil be yours.
I have only one desire, and that is to
place yon where you shall have rest.
You need reßt, father, you need rest.
No one nearly so old ac you toils on the
Columbia, and yet you go day after
day, and often when you are too feeble
even to stir. Listen, the storm rages
this morning! You should not go at
Thus Bpoke Sankala to Itingwold.
Another year had passed in their lives.
The price of fish had goiw down under
the hard times and close competition
and Ringwold had for many months
been unable to make a Bupport for the
two alone. In fact, he had etruggled
beyond his strength to keep Sankala in
school and the crash was close at hand.
He was now giving out his last stiength.
Often he would become completely ex
hausted and lie for a time in the how
of the finhing boat while the girl work
ed on alone. It was on these occasions
that good-hearted Dan Lap ham had
come to their lescue and assisted poor
Sankala to do her work.
Twice this morning had Rinwgold
fainted while Hankala was assisting him
to dress and phe had revived him and
carried on the work. The child whs
accustomed to this and did not realize
how serious was the condition of the
old man. .
When the fishermen reached the
beach the waves were coming in with a
rush. They threw the drift wood fur
ther back with each pulsation. Out in
the darkness through the mist and the
rain the white caps could he seen leap
ing about like the salmon they were
pursuing. The etiontjest fisherman
paused this morning. They were often
compelled to remain ashore until lute
and even over-day. But this was
always a disappointment. The fish
ran better when there was a storm and
the hard times now uiged the toilers
on their duty.
While the men were thus pausing
from indecision Ringwold and Sankala
appeared. Without seeming to notice
the disturbed condition of the bay they
shoved their boat into the watei anil
while Ringwold steered Sankala threw
her oara against the seething current.
They gradually mingled with the dark
phantoms which danced upon the sea
until they were lost from view.
The fishermen had become co accus
tomed to the dangers of their life that
they thought but little about it. What
to the stranger would have appeared
foolhardy was to them duty and choice.
But the storm this morning was unusu
ally high and that intuition akin to the
instinct that protects animals from de
blruction, warned the fishermen to be
But when Sankala braved the waters
with her aged companion the most dar
ing of the fishermen followed. Dan
Lapham, smarting under lub former
timidity, was first seen to shoot out in
his boat in pursuit of the two who
worked a trap near his own. Then one
by one the others followed.
The fish traps weie constructed along
the entin north shore of the river,
which is Baker's hay, from Cape Dit
ippointmvnt to McGowan'i Point, ■
distance of a dozen miles or more.
The middle of the river was the divid
ing line. The river is the dividing linej
between the two states and the tisher- \
men from the two states claim their
rights, even to a hair's breadth.
The fishermen on the north had traps
while those on the south had nets.
The cannerymen on the south side of
the river owned most of the nets and
old Seadost owned most of the traps on
the north. The fishermen were em
ployed by the day on the nets and given
bo much for eacn fish captured. The
tiappera were employed by the day or
worked the traps on Bhares. All the
fishermen ÜBed row boats peculiar for
their work. Save with rare excep
tions the boats were manned by two
both at the net* and the traps. One
«M called the puller and th« other the
fisherman. While the latter tended
hie nets or traps the puller guided the
boat to suit the work.
The nets were known as gill nets.
These were Btretched out their full
lengtn in the water, which was many
feet and even yards. Floaters were
placed along the top of the net at
proper distances to hold it in position
while sinkers cairied the bottom of
the net deep into the water. The mesh
es of the net were of Buch size as would
permit the entrance of the averge fishes
head. When once it entered the meeh
es the gills were fastened and the fish
held prisoner until removed by the
The traps, one of which Ringwold and
Sankala tended, were constructed diff
erently. A larg« figure was formed in
the shallow water by the driving of
piles. It represented a heart and on
either Ride extended long wings. The
wings enclosed a semi-circle facing the
ocean and immediately in the rear of
where they come together was the large
heart. A netting, called web, was
stretched along the piles from the sur
face of the water to the bottom of Ihe
bay. By this means a perfect heart
with wings was perfected.
The valve of the heart opened im
mediately at the conjunction of the
wings. This was at the sharp point of
the "V" which is formed at the top
of the heart.
As a trap for fish it is a succese.
The ualmon come up from the ocean
and enter the mouth of the river fresh
and strong. They run in great schools
and follow the shallow cha mels laying
their spawn as they go farther up the
When the noses of the fish strike the
web forming the wings of the heait,
they follow the wings to the center.
Here they find their way through the
opening into the heart. When once
into the heart their capture is com
plete. They circle about the place
passing the same apex of the heart
through which they entered without
ever discovering it as a means of escape,
and are thus held as captives until the
fishermen take them into their boats.,
They sometimes enter these traps by
the hundreds within 24 hibura. 'They
range in weight from five to 20 pounds
It was such a trap as this that San
kala and Ringwold tended for old Sea
dog at wages baiely sufficient to sus
tain them at best.
A Morning of Disaster.
"The sea is high and the fishermen
are venturing out."
"All light, I will send out the men."
Cape Disappointment life saving
station nestled beneath the rocke of the
cliffs that extended far out over the sea.
Many a mariner had met disappoint
ment here. For from the sea the spot
looked like a place of refuge from the
storm. But be who dared to trust it
had often been dashed to death against
Shaken and addled, as it were, while
crossing the river bar, the mightiest
roverß of the deep had been broken up
here like glass upon the rocks.
It was the treachery of itsappearance
that gave name to the place. It was
the great loss of life that had caused
the government to establish a life sav
ing Btation at the foot of the cliffs.
But the life savers had a double duty
to perform. The purpose for which
they were originally placed there was
insignificant to the duty that later de
veloped. They were provided by tne
government to watch incoming vessels
and save the lives of ship wiecKed sea
men and traveleis on the deep, but
later it was found that a hundred calls
came fro n those whote UvM were spent
on the river to where one came from
those who lived on the sea.
Fioiu the early horns of morning un
til nearly noon, and irom early after
noon until late in the evening the tish
einien dotted the ?iver in their tiny
boats and itruggled with their nets
verging on the very danger line where
ocean and liver met. Once ROOM this
line and the frail craft of the fisherman
was at the mercy of the undeitow and
many a toiler was dragged to hie death
ere the government protectors of life
could reach the spot in boats prepared
for the purpose.
The lighthouse Btood upon the high
est point of the cape overlooking the
sea. Beneath its shadow stood a small
structure barely large enough inside
for one man to stand, turn about and
sit down. It was built of glass save
that itfe framework and roof was made
of iron. The glass was thitk and al
most as strong as iron for it required
strength to withstand the terrible
■torUM that heat upon it from the sea.
Itß furnishings were a email stove, a
etool, a pair of strong glasses and ■
telephone. It was occupied night and
day by one man at a time. One was
on watch from noon until midnight
and the other from midnight until
noon. Not even a light was allowed
for it wan not needed by day and by
night it would blind the watch so that
he could not look out upou the ocean
Throughout the day he peered out
through his glares over the eea and
river and bay. At night he followed
the great revolving light in the light
house above his head and watched for
objects on the water while he looked
further out for the smaller lights of
It was on the morning that Sankala
and Ringwold had put forth into the
I storm that the conversation took place
over the telephone between the look
out and the captain of the life saving
crew recorded at the beginning of thin
The lookout had seen the amall
craft battling with the surf on the
bosom of the bay in the dim light
' shot out from overhead. He could
1 feel the storm blowing against the
structure which enclosed him; be*
i sides the register showed a high ve
j locity of wind.
It foreboded a day of hard work.
Fishermen would venture foith in
dangerous storms and this compelled
the life cavers to stand en constant
guard. They would enter thmr boats
and beat along the danger line like
sentinels to keep the fishermen horn
rowing to their death. And in spita
of this precaution scores find watery
graves at the mcuth of the Columbia
As the fishermen fought theii way
cut on this stormy morning the life
savers shot out from under the cliffs
toward the bar. Here bordeiing on
the danger line themselves they pa
trolled the river to rescue those less
capable than themselves to withstand
the receding tide.
"Signal distress off west end of Jetty
Sand Mpit. A boat is heading for the
"Bing, bing, bing!" went three
After a few minuutes pause the cap
tain'p 'phone rang again.
"Signal distress off Dieappontment
rocks! Boat shoving for breakers
like a rocKet! Girl at the oars; is
poweiless—think it is Sankala, the
old chemist's daughter."
"Bing, bing, bing, bing, bing!"
rang out five shots from the cliffs be
low. This was the most dangerous
point at the mouth of the river and
was called the lie 11 gap, for it was here
that so many fishermen had lost their
The swift receding current forjied a
sort of maelstrom at the point of the
rooks and when once fairly in its
clutches boats were swept like chaff
into the breakers and disappeared like
■hot thrown into the water.
The life savers knew the signals as
well as their alphabet and rushed to
the rescue like firemen to the call of
tire. And when the signal came for
Disappointment rocks tlie sturdy beys
lying off that point bent to their oars
with all their might.
The life savers were divided up into
crews and each of these divisions cov
eied given points. The men selected
for the most dangerous places were the
most experienced and daied the ele
ments as veteran soldiers face the death
line in battle.
While the rescuers were hurrying to
the calls of distress the captain had as
cended to the lookout's station. Day
was already dawning and while signals
were given at night by the discharge of
firearms, they were given in day time
with Mage from lookout point.
With the advancing day the river
and bay presented a busy appearance.
A speck here to the natural eye was
revealed through the strong glasses to be
a fisherman's boat struggling with the
nets or waves. Some were going, some
were coming. Each was oblivious of
the other. One was dashing to its
ruin at another point and life savers
were going to its rescue, while the men
in danger were often unconscious of the
But in the work which was so com
mon as to bring no excitement to the
veteran captain of the crew he sur
veyed the waters as a general does his
This morning, however, a change
came over his face. lie saw a frail
fisherman's boat being swept toward
Disappointment rocks. Standing up
wuikii.g hei useless oars with all her
strength was Sankala. The glasses re
vealed her firm features and while she
looked into the jaws of death she was
as calm as the rocks which awaited her
approach. Kingwold lay motionless
iv the boat. Whether dead or asleep
the glasses did not disclose. It was
evident that they had never reached
the fish trap for the boat was as empty
as it had been when they had n'rst
The captain raised the signal flag
high above his head and waved it rive
times in succession. But here the life
boat which was giving SaiiKala's boat a
etern chase, passed behind some loekl
that had just hidden her and several
' seconds must pass before they would
(To be continued)
NO 28 INJURED IN COLLISION
NEAR TOPSON, MO.
irst Section of Passenger Train Was
Standing in Front of Station When
Second Section Crashed Into It-
Pullman Car Swashed—Crew of Sec
ond Section Blamed.
Kansas City, Nov. 1. —Three persons
were killed and 28 injured on a tail end
collision on the Missouri Pacific rail
road at Topson, Mo. The first section
of westbound train No. 3 was standing
In front of the station after having
taken water, when it waß crashed into
by the second section. The engine of
the second section of No. 3 split the
Pullman car Topaz, containing four
passengers, two thirds of its length,
killing and injuring the number stated.
There were 22 passengers in the next
car ahead, but beyond a few scratches
they espaced injury.
Mrs. Bright Walker, Lewisburg, Pa.
Mrs. Margaret Burke, Kansas City.
J. W. Bagby, secretary of the Lino
type Publishing company, Kansas City.
Those of the passenger who were
not seriously injured continued their
journey, while the more seriously hurt
were taken to the company's hospital
in St. Louis.
The train crews escaped injury.
Crew Is Blamed.
The blame, according to Superin
tendent W. J. McKee, who went to
the scene of the wreck, rests with the
engineer and conductor of the second
section. They were running 25 miles
an hour, when they should have had
their train under control. The first
section of eastbound passenger No. 10
was standing on, the sidetrack and En
gineer Ramsey of second No. 3, says
the headlight of No. 10 prevented his
seeing the red light on first No. 3.
The coroner's verdict blames the
flagman of the first section for not
properly flagging the second section,
and the engineer of the second sec
tion for coming into the station in a
careless manner and for not having
his engine under control.
KILLED IN MINE EXPLOSION.
Twenty to Sixty Men Are Entombed
in Colorado Mine.
Trinidad. —The Rocky Mountain Coal
& Iron company's mine No. 3 at Trin
idad, 40 miles west of this city, was
BO badly wrecked by the recent ex
plosion that the rescuers have not
yet succeeded in penetrating to the
point where the miners were working.
Estimates of the number of men in
the mine at the time vary from 20 to
60. They are mainly foreigners, and
not known to the Americans in the
vicinity. The mine company officials
have no record of the number working.
The mine is a sloping tunnel over
2,000 feet long. Rescuers entered the
slope as far as room 13, which is 200
feet from the mouth of the tunnel.
They succeeded in reaching this point
only after most dangerous work and
after crawling through many narrow
places. At this point they encountered
a solid wall of rock that had fallen
from above and closed the passage.
Room 26, where most of the miners
are supposed to have been working, is
buo feet from the mouth of the tun
nel, or 400 feet beyond the point to
which the rescuers penetrated. Only
one body has been recovered, that of
T. Doran, a driver who was just en
tering the tunnel when the explosion
took place and who was terribly burn
SHOWS 16,009,631 PUPILS.
Public School Report for Last Fiscal
Washington.—The report of the com
missioner of education for the fiscal
year ended June 30, 1904, made public
recently by the secretary of the in
terior, shows that 16,009,631, or 9 per
cent of the entire population of the
country, attended the public schools
during that year. As compared with
the previous six years, this percentage
shows a slight decrease in the num
ber of pupils as compared with the to
The total cost of the public school
system is given as $251,457,625. This
is an increase of $16,000,000 over the
previous year. It amounted to $3.15
per capita of total population and
$22.75 per capita per pupil.
Sixteen People Burn to Death.
St. Petersburg, Nov. 1. —At a fire
following a wedding In the poorer part
of the city, 11 of the guests were
burned to death. Five others are miss
ing and it is feared they have been
CHICAGO, Oct. 80.—Chairman Cor
telyon the republican national com
mittee arrived in Chicago today, and
for several hours tonight was busy dis
cussing the windup of the campaign.
Mr. <k>rtelyou said tonight that he did
not know when he would return east
WRECK NEAR LIND.
North Coast Limited Jump, the T~
Thirteen People Injured '^
Thirteen people were injured >«, «
them seriously, by the N orth c° °f
limited jumping the track amU anT
quarter east of Li nd , v , ash . at 9\l
a. m. Saturday. The train was r^h,
down the grade into Lftui at a !?!5*
clip, and as it reached the hot* '*
where a section gang was working t?'
tender and baggage car left the ra ? B
n an instant all was confusion ££
jammed into cars and were ramiS
into the high embankment;
were hurled with terrific force aga S
seats and sides of the coaches? anX
rack was ploughed up for nearly m
feet. The injured are: 7 m
An Italian of the section gang whf .
was caught between car and enVba n £
ment; may die. DX
Constantion Dimarco, Black m
mond, Wash., crushed and internair
injured; serious. T
John Wirkkler. Wadena, Minn head
and leg bruised. ' ""
O. L. Carney, Pilot Rock, Wash
head bruised. Q *
William H. Maxwell, porter in tourist
car, badly bruised. ™t
Nicola Fiorillo, Seattle, head and ler
Cook in diner, bruised about head
J. G. Jeffrey, New York, head bruis
J. J. Flood, Northwest Territory in
James Arnold, Willows, Cal hia
George Bloom, Ackley, lowa kne&
Mrs. George Bowles, 1402 Broadway
New York, knee hurt.
Mrs. J. S. Roberts, Ackley, lowa,
Escape a Miracle.
Considering the speed of the train
coming down the heavy 1 per cent
grade on one side of a coulee the list:
of fatalities is surprisingly short, and
it seems almost a miracle the train
was not entirely demolished. The line
has many curves in it. following the
contour of the hills, and the wreck oc
curred where there is a cut through a
small promontory, so that the bank on
the lower side kept the train from
rushing to destruction into the ouch.
So far the cause of the wreck is un
known. The Italian section gang was
at work on the track in the cut and
stepped back against the embankment
on either side to let the limited pass.
The cause of the train wreck is slffl
a mystery, .but train officials thought it
could not have been that the sectioa
crew left a rail insecure, for the loco
motive, the heaviest piece- in the train,
passed over safely and did not leave
Superintendent Beamer was at the
scene of the wreck all day yesterday.
It will be a few days before the wrecK
is cleared away, and in the meantime
trains pass over a temporary track
laid around the wreck. It is more dif
ficult to remove the wreckage of a
passenger train because it is necessary
to place the coaches back onto their
trucks and put the injured cars in con
dition to travel again. In a freight
wreck the debris is thrown onto a
wrecking train and hauled away.
Until the wreck is cleared from the-
track it will not be possible to deter
"mine the cause —perhaps not then. It
can be seen that the rails and track
are badly torn up.
LATE NEWS ITEMS.
One man was burned to death and
another seriously injured in a fire at
South Brooklyn, N. V., recently. The
dead man is Patrolman Cushing, and
Fireman John B. Walsh is in a hos
pital suffering from injuries. Property
Captains Joseph Kuhn and John F.
Morrison, American attaches with the
Second Japanese army, have been re
called and ordered to report to Wash
Tomas Arias, secretary for the re
public of Panama, has resigned. F°r
several months past the liberal part?
has opposed the policy of the secretary
and this, it is believed, may have
caused his resignation.
Hamilton, Mont, Nov. B.—While play
ing with a small caliber rifle, Johni JJ*
lor, a six year old boy, shot and fa tan.
wounded the 8 year old daughter
John Marvel. Both faimlies are prom
inent in this city. The rifle was given
to the boy as « present some time «fc »
but his parents did not know that cc
had any bullets, and where he secure*
them is a mystery. It is said the .»
had been to a moving picture show . *
few nights agot at which a train w
bery was depicted, and th« chiW«» #
were repeating this ecene he°." d^
.hootniK occurred. The bullet enterea
the little girl's neck, severing the jug* .
lar vein. The physicians have no m
of her recovery.
Governor Morrison of Idaho hi
oeJved a dispatch announcingJ n" d
State of Idaho has been awarded «*>
prize for its state building »» * ■
Louis exposition. The ■two W*
unique aud has attracted moou