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METHOD BY WHICH JAPS REACHED WALLS OF PORT ARTHUR FORTS.
SYSTEM OF PARALLEL TRENCHES ON WHICH JAPS WORKED FOR MONTHS.
The picture shows a method of attacking a fort if high angle fire falls to reduce it. The irregular trenches
lending to the parallels are dug go that they cannot be swept by the enemy's fire. The men dig the trenches under
the protection of their own artillery. The parallels are for the protection of the storming parties as they approach
nearer and nearer the walls. A "parallel" Is a trench, offen many miles long, which fronts the fortress. Suppos
ing the army Is 4,000 yards from the fortress. During the commencing bombardment this is called the "first
artillery position.' They want to move nearer and so they construct the "first parallel." perhaps at a distance of
3,000 yards from the fortress. But, in order that men and guns may move safely into this "parallel," approaches
hH\e to be cut that is. a number of trenches leading from the first artillery position Into the "parallel." These
approaches run In zigzags, as, If they were straight, they would be open to the enemy's fire.
The way In which the "parallel" Is opened is interesting. So soon as It jrrows dusk a number of officers,
accompanied by sappers, move forward. Here they trace the lines which the parallel will follow. Each sapper has
a picket nnd a measuring tape. The officer stations the first sapper at the end of the trench line, takes the end of his
tape, and walks along until the tape Is drawn out. At this point he places a second sapper, takes his tape, and walks
to the end of It. and so on. The sappers drive the pickets Into the ground, fasten the tape's to them, and lie down
tn await the working party. Later on the working party, with picks and shovels, arrives and sets to work with all
Its might. By break of day each man must have dm h trench 5 feet long. <SU, feet wide, and 4 feet deep, except the
froni eighteen Inches, which is only one and one-half feet deep. The earth he piles in front to form a parapet. At
llayli^'ht this trench will be Occupied by a strong force, called the "guard of the trenches." Bui the work Is not yet
finished, for the following two nights are also devoted to digging, and when finished the trench is 10 feet wide at the
bottom or more, much wider on top. 4 feet deep, having steps in front, and protected by a parapet of earth In front,
which Is about )'.• feet high. Behind this "parallel" protected places are formed for the artillery, another big job,
seeing that tliirtx feet of earth, and probably more. Is required to insure the safety of tin- guns. Finally, the last
parallel l» made. :tnd the rush of infantry Into the fort takes place.
When tho waynide tunnies blnze
In the low September sun,
When the Bowen of siminier rtnys
Droop and wither one by one.
Reaching up through bush and brier,
Sumptuous brow nnil hrnrt of fire,
Flaunting high its wind-rocked plump,
Bra with wealth of native bloom —
In tln> pasture's rude embrace.
All o'errun wiii, tangled vines,
Where the thistle claims its place.
And tin; MrasgliiiK hedge confines,
Bearing still the sweet impress
Of unfettered loveliness,
In tli" field .11111 by the wall,
Blinding, clasping, crowning nil—
Nature lies disheveled, palp,
With her feverish lips npnrt —
Day !>y day tlit? pulses fail,
Nearer to her hounding heart;
Yet that Blackened prnsp doth hold
Store of pure mid jo'tniine gold;
Quick thon comest, strong mid free,
Type of all the wealth to bo —•
■ Kansas City Journal.
TROUBLE began for Amaranth
Brooke when she decided to buy
hack the ramshackle old family
homestead with the. few hundred do!
lars that bad been left to her by a
distant relative. But there were her
brother's wife and children to provide
a home for, and when Amaranth made
up her mind she cared very little
whether people approved of her plans
She did care, however, what Sylves
ter Smalley would think of the matter,
for since she was engaged to him it
would be only right to tell him what
she meant to do.
Amaranth had been looking over her
prospective purchase and was on her
way home, when he overtook her and
at once broached the subject.
"No use to throw your money away
on that old rubbishly place," he told
her. "You cau't raise a crop there, an'
I wouldn't take ii aa a Rift An" your
money, with what I've not, would
build up a nice, snug house on that
forty acres father gare me. an' helD
to stock the farm beside. Then we
could be married and go ri^ht to boat ■
keeping. Will you. Amaranth?"
They were loitering slowly home
ward and had paused at the old stile,
where a scarlet-towered trumpet-vine
showered its gorgeoui trophies at th"ir
"Say yes!" urged Sylvester.
Amaranth felt her determination
"But —but there's brother Reuben's
wife and the children!" she faltered.
"They are quite destitute, nnd have no
one to look to but me."
"Let Reuh's wife look OBt for her
self," he returned gruffly. "I dare say
tbere'l orphan aayluma In tho city
where the young mis would be took
Amaranth's ryes Unshed scornfully
at him as she drew herself up with
"Rrother Reuben's children shall
never ro to the asylum while 1 live!"
she declared Indignantly.
After a few more words their troth
was broken. Sylvester stalked moodily
on his way. while Amaranth, with B
pang of sore disappointment at her
heart, turned toward the gray stone
farmhouse, where she earned a small
stipend over her board by doing the
housework for a family of six.
The broken engagement offered
fresh food for gossip among the
Brooke and Btubbleneld kith and kin,
inn Amaranth was not to be turned
from her course by their outspoken
censures nmi criticisms.
The old homestead was bought nnd
paid for. To be sure the soil was
rocky and sterile, and the dwelling In
need of repairs.
The on-hard trees—what were left
of them—were gnarled and bent, and
the fences and outbuildings in a sad
state of dilapidation.
It was really scarcely worth the
small sum risked for it, hut Amaranth
had determined to buy it, and buy it
An ancient cow and a half-decrepit
pony were included in the sale.
And after the house had been treat
ed to a few repairs and a thorough
cleaning, brother Reuben's family
were released from their uncongenial
quarters in the city and comfortably
Mrs. Reuben—a meek little woman,
with no more ideas of supporting her
self than a canary bird might hare
was yet a good housekeeper, and
willingly undertook the management
of domestic affairs, while Amaranth
gave her attention to the raining of
poultry and garden vegetables. And
ihe children grew as round as butter
balls, romping under the gnarly old
apple treea or playing blde-and-eeak
among the tall sunflowers and holly
hocks that nodded in the dooryard.
Later on, Amaranth earned a few
dollars each week by the sale of her
produce at the little village of lMney
vllle Center, which was scarcely a
stone's throw from her back pasture
bars. But with all her industry and
economy she found It a hard matter
to provide for herself and the help
less ones depending on her. and there
were times when she really feared
th« wolf was already at her door.
Sylvester Sniedley took particular
pleasure in driving past the house,
with Nancy Maria Stubblefield, to
whom he had transferred his Htten
tions, seated beside him in his spring
But no one offered a helping hand,
and Amaranth was beginning to feel
a tremor of despair when something
happened which no one —certainly not
Amaranth—had ever dreamed would
com to pass.
It was nothing more nor less than
the building of a branch railway from
the "O/.nrk load and zinc" mine* to a
point on the Mississippi IJiver sonic
twelve miles beyond Pineyvllle Centre.
The ne&rest route, according to sur
vey, lay directly across one Bide of
Amaranth's estate, and slip readily ac
cepted the offer of $'JOO from the mill
ng company for this small portion of
her "worn out" farm land.
But the tide of prosperity did 00l
Roger Allen, the young surveyor,
who had laid out the new railroad,
(suggested Pineyville Centre as t,h"
most convenient point for the smelting
works to be erected by the mining
And ko the sleepy little village
waked up one tine morning to find it
self in the midst of a most unexpected
Amaranth, though offered a high
price, refused to part with her prop
erty on any terms. By the advice of
the young surveyor, however, she was
induced to lay out a portion of her
farm, fronting the railroad, In town
lots, which were eagerly purchased
at a satisfactory valuation, and the
"Brooke addition" soon ranked an th«
most desirable residence portion of
And Amaranth found herself. If not
wealthy, at least comfortably situated.
A stout hired farm hand attended to
the farm work now. The worn-out
meadows and cornfields were redeem
ed from their Impoverished condition.
rl he antiquated cow wan supplanted
by a small herd of Jerseys. The de
crepit horse was "pensioned off" on
the fattest of pastures, while a span
of "matched bays" drew the new car
ryall when Amaranth or Mrs. Reuben
and her children took an airing.
The discomfited relatives, who bad
all but boycotted Amaranth in the
dark days, now discovered that "blood
was thicker than water" and hnstene.l
to make friendly overtures.
And Sylvester Smalley, who had not
yet succeeded In building on the pater
nal forty acres, abruptly censed bis at
tentions to Nancy Maria, and cast
longing eyes toward the thrifty corn
fields and well filled barns of the old
Ixmg since had he repented of his
sbort-sightedneMg, and after some skill
ful maneuvering he oae day succeeded
In meeting Amaranth face to face at
the old stile.
She'd a rose in her bonnet, and oh! ah*
Am the little pink flower tuat grows in
And Sylvester felt that ue must win
her at all hazards.
Mle advanced smiling and with out
"Did you really think I meant to
give you up, Amaranth?" he asked, ro
But she drew coldly back.
"Give me up? Certainly! You gave
me up long a^n,"' she re urned.
"But I didn't mean It! I—l own I
wns a fool, Amarnnth." he stammered,
desperately, "but I nllus intended to
come back an' many you. An' 'taln't
too late yet. Only name the day, ua'
But Amnrnnth smiled as she
planced beyond him to a tall figure
which wns rapidly approaching them.
"Very much obliged, I'm sure," sh'j
replied, demurely, "but I have prom
ised to be Roger Alden's wife, and the
day Is already named. Here comes
Hoger now. Will you stay and be in
But with a disappointed scowl, Syl
vester slunk away.—Chicago Journal.
WORKMAN WHO CHEATS.
Dribble He Represents In a Itnsincss la
Worse Thuu v Wide Leuk.
An employer of thousands of men
was asked what thing In all his large
operations gave him the most concern.
"The man who does a little less than
is expected of him," was the reply.
"He Is the dangerous factor in all busl
nesß. The absolute failure we readi
ly discover and discharge, but the
'almoets' escape detection for months
and often for years, and they make
our losses as well as our fears," and
with a very serious smile he added:
"The drip in business is worse than
It is n condition that Is as old as
human experience. Eighteen and a
half centuries ago Seneca put it In
these words: "Some portion of our
time Is taken from US by force; an
other portion is stolen from us; and
another slips away. Bui the most dis
graceful loss is that which arises from
our own negligence: and if thou wilt
seriously observe, thou Rhnlt perceive
that a great part of life Hts from
those who do evil, a greater from
those who do nothing, and the whole
from those who do not accomplish tho
business which they think they are do
Thousands of men fancy they are
fulfilling their duty to tht'ir employ
ers and !o 'heir tasks by k. eping hours
and performing just enough to hold on
to their positions. They have an Idea
that to do more would be to give larger
service than their compensation ro
qulred. They object to What they be
lieve would be extra values. "The old
man sha'n't it more than h> is paying
for," is the vernacular.
Possibly it never strikes these trim
mers that in cheating their work thdy
are doing double da mane; they are in
juring their employers much, but they
are robbing themselves more; they are
In fact losing everything In life that
is worth while. They fare worse than
if they did nothing at all, for tlni'j
will) all its precious values slips en
tirely from them and leaves no sub
stance or satisfaction.
Half doing soon brings undoing. It
1* the nine-tenths doing or the ninety
nine one-hundredths doing that bie»>dH
bsuiness and saps character.—Satur
day Evening I'ost.
ladders a Mile liOng.
Theodore Waters, describing in Ev>
erylxxly's Magazine the deepest copper
mine in the world, vvites:
"Under the law it is necessary to
maintain ladders in all mines, however
deep, so that In case of accident to the
hoisting machinery the miners may b«
able to climb up.
"These ladders, In a mine a mile
deep, were distinctly awesome. The
shaft was covered, but the trapdoor
was removed so that I could peer down
the hole. The first few rungs quickly
succeeded one another Into darkness,
but a moving light far below showed
that they continued on down below
the limit of vision. The light came
from a lamp In the hat of a workman
probably making repairs, but whether
it was 100 or 1,000 feet down was Im
possible to determine. It was not ex
actly a reassuring sight. The idea that
the man was climbing a ladder a mile
high, and the possibility of his encoun
tering loose rungs in the darkness, in
vited my perturbed comment.
" 'Oh, that is nothing.' remarked a
workman. 'It is not one ladder, but a
succession of ladders, and there are
plenty oflevels to rest upon. Why,
the roller boys in the incline shifts
often slide down the cables to save
Plain Everyday Fellow.
"I am really and sincerely proud of
the common people," said Mr. Pom
pous. "I am fond of the plain, every
day fellow who can never hope to be
great. Call It Quixotism, If j'ou wish
"Oh, I wouldn't say that," Interrupt
ed Peppery. "I'd call It egotism."—
Break Mushroom Cat>n~
and put into piece* c thl £T**
-d put theno into :%: o h; ki r a ß l^
layers with salt sprinkled „>
layer. Cover the crock an 0?' eaoh
down m the cellar, stirrinJ *
tents three time a daylSrfh^'
Now warm the mushrooms, £12 £*
to a pulp, and strain tlnCh ,
netting, squeezing lWni 7!
Juice ten .inies:^; I:;;-»?
boi for ten minute«, then mea^e ?
each pint of juice allow a te.s Inf
-eh of whole peppers and^ ?
blade of mace, two slices of „ *
bay-leaf and a dash^P C°PnV
a.l over the fire nd b°'' »»ti "thS
Strain, coo., and flu bottles ' with"it
catsup. Seal tightly. th*
Into a pint of scalding water «*..
half teaspoonful of salt and nm '
Jour to make a Hoft dou *- H m h S
or fifteen minutes, then cover and *
in a warn room to rise for eight hour,
Into a pint of lukewarm milk stir in *
teaspoonful of sail and add enoJ
flour to make a stiff butter. Work thi
into the risen dough. Mix well, , ()V !
again and set to rise until very Heht
Turn into a wooden bowl and knead in
enough flour to make the hat tor of tie
consistency of ordinary bread dough
Make into loaves and set these to ri»»
until light, then bake.
Marbled Chocolate Cake.
One and one-half cupfnls of whit«
■ugar, one-half cupful of butter, a gen
erous half-cupful of milk. two and one
half cupfuls of flour, two teaspoonfuls
of baking powder, beaten whites of
four egged. Flavor with vanilla. Tak*
out one teacupful and add to It five
tablospoonfuls of prated ehoeolat*
moistened with a little milk. Pour a
layer of the white batter into the bak
ing pan, then drop the chocolate bat
ter with a spoon in spots and spread
the rest of the white batter over it.
Frost with chocolate frosting.
Potato Salad with Celerj.
Six or eight cold boiled potatoes, on*.
thlrd tlie same bulk of celery, one egg,
oiio teaspoonful of salt, one teaspoonfsl
powdered sugar, one-half ten spoonful
of white pepper, one scant teaspoonftil
dry mustard, two tablespoonfuls salad
oil, four of vinegar; stir salt, sugar,
pepper and mustard Into the beaten
yolk of the pkk: add the oil a Ifrfleif
a time, then the vinegar, lastly ti»
beaten white; cut the potatoes and cel
ery into small bits, mix and pour (he
dressing over them, (liirntah wi(h
parsley or celery tops.
Butter the dish and sprinkle on the
bottom a layer of bread crumbs; cover
this with oysters and put bits of but
ter on the oysters and season as you
like; then n layer of bread crumbs and
oysters till the dish is filled, having
the bread crumbs, seasoning and bnt
ter on the top: half a cupful of cream
or milk to moisten improves them. Al
ways use stale bread crumbs rather
than cracker crumbs, us it will be
found much nicer, and use them rath
One cup of butter, one cup of light
brown sugar, one cup of water. W>
nips of oatmeal, one tnblespoonful 4
vanilla, one level toaspuonful of baltlM
soda, one teaspoonful of salt, enough
flour to mix to a dough. Aoll out thin
and cut Into long, narrow strips. Bate
until crisp. To keep the wafers crisp
put into an air-tight tin. They *»»
then be good for mouths.
801 l one cupful of rice till very m.
season with salt and pepper; n>»«»
perfectly smooth. Put several pi«*
of cold veal or chicken through a row
chopper; mix these with the rl<* M
together with the beaten yelk of •
egg, shape into cutlets, and fry. «•'
nlsh with sliced'lemon and »erTtw
Canned Pnmpkln. ,
Peel the pumpkin, cut into P lecw!Jj
cover with boiling water. Stew
very tender, then rub through a co
der. Return to the tire, bring to an^
boil, sweeten to taste, and, vwi«
ing, fill to overflowing hot Jars,
Caramel Fronting. >
One cupful of brown wjl'^jt'j
quarter of a cupful of milk: m? it !
threads—about six minutes, _»
piece of butter the size of a»' jj
nut. Flavor with vanilla. BU
right thUkness to spread.
Pumpkin Molas«e«. r jn j
Cut sugar pumpkins "Jw^.^jl'j
pieces and place In a vessel an ft
water to nearly cover; the" ■ j~ .
until tender. Strain out ) all »• J^l
and boil It down until it f j
At a Bmart dinner butter
served. Those who msi« &*"
bread and butter plfttgkj|