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Toilers of the Columbia
By PAUL DBLRATBY
Author of "Lord of the Desert," " Oregon Sketches,"
and other Pacific Coast Stories
The clash finally came. The boats
came togethei like so many battering
rams. Curses arose loud over the
calm waters. The boats surged back
and forth like living animals. The
grim dark forms of the fishermen
writhed and contested with each other
like serpents of the sea.
"Back you gillnetters! You des
tioyeisof the fish!" shouted the north
"Away with you, you trappers!
You cause our families to starve!" re
plied the men from the southside,
with bitter oaths.
The resistance on the part of the
northeiders was short lived. The over
whelming numbers against them soon
began to tell. By sheer force they
weie driven toward their traps. The
prows of the southsiders' boats were
against theirs, and they were Bwept
along like driftwood before a huge
The red in the east was making
things more vis'ble on the water. It
was easy to see that the northsidere
were losing ground at every point.
But suddenly a volley of shots rang out
down the liver. Another followed.
The curses of the fishermen rose above
"The soldiers!?" shouted the north
"Cursse upon tie head of Gabe
Jarvi!" shouted the south aiders.
Then the steamer carrying the
miliiia appeared dividing the contest
ing fishermen like chaff. They fired
volleys occasionally above the heads of
the retreating belligerents in older to
hasten their departure.
"Bang!" rang out a rifle shot from
a retreating party to the south.
"lake that!" exclaimed a murder
ous looking southsider as the smoke
cleared from the muzzle of his gun.
Old Headog fell back into the arms
of his eons. The bullet had found its
"Take this!" said another south
eider as he raised his rifle to his
shoulder. "You have betrayed ue,
Gobe Jarvi, and you shall pay the
"Don't shoot, fool, it is a woman!"
exclaimed a man as he seized the muz
zle of the would-be assassin's gun.
It was Dan I apham. He had been
overpowered and taken a prisoner. As
he grabbed the southsider's gun it dis
charged. Laphain looked in the direc
tion the bullet had gone and saw in
the pilot house of the steamboat which
had come to their rescue the form of
The girl was pale as death, but she
clung to the wheel in a spirit of des
peration, and the boat continued upon
its course, ploughing through the craft
of the contending fishermen, the south
siders retreating with all possible
Hazel Snubs Sankala.
"It ie simply a shame—it is a burn
"That it is, but it ie the way of the
fSeadogs. They were always hard
hearted wretches. The gill takes after
her father and is not to blame ho much
"But she ought to have enough
woman about her to Bhow that she
hup a heart. The idea ol going to the
ball and her poor old father lying at
the point ot death."
"But she is in love, you know, and
all people are fools who are in love.
Since that militia captain set foot on
eh i>re she lost her head and bai
thought of nothing else since. 1 don't
see anything in a state militiaman to
lose one's head over. Why my hus
hand was a United States regular. If
I had a daughter I would teach her a
lesson she would remember. A regu
lar wouldn't wipe his foot on a militia
"Still Captain Budlong is a nice fel
low and was kind to us. He did his
duty and made the southeiders go
home. He is not a bad looker either,
and you know that counts, too. It
would be a feather in Hazel's cap if she
could capture the captain of the
"The average state militiaman is no
more than a du4e, a rich man's sou
kept in idleness and is not worth any
woman's while. He thinks all of the
women are crazy over him and struts
around with unifoim on like a peacock
and more fit to look at than to use. 1
have no patience with militiamen.
My husband was a regular."
"They say, though, this young Cap
tain Budlong is poor. The most of his
men are rich but he is only a clerk in a
Btoie and was chosen by his men be
cause of his honesty and bravery I
think Hazel would be a good catch for
mm. He could take charge of her
latber'i business, and if all accounts
•*ie tine tome one may be needed, for
the old roan is threatened with blood
poisoning from that wound the south
aiders gave him."
"Yea, 1 and to think that Hazel would
go to the ball when her father is ex-
pected to die! It is simply a shame—
a burning shame!"
The above conversation took place
between two matrons of the fishing vil
lage on the northside of the Columbia.
Ten days of peace had reigned on the
river. Since the arrival of the militia
and dispersion of the tiwhermen there
had been no further trouble. The boat
carrying the command of Captain Bad*
j long had kept up a constant patrol of
j the river day and night and no at
j tempt had been made on the part of
I the soutlieiders to renew hostilities.
In fact committees had been ap
pointed consisting of fishermen from
each side of the river to arrange dupli
cate bills governing the fishing indus
try of the river which were to be
passed by the leapective legislatures of
the two states. Dan Laphani was a
committeernan from the north side.
It was the night of the day upon
which the agreement had been reached.
Peace was at last declared between the
toilers of the Columbia. The north
siders were not to extend their trap
building any farther south and the
southsideis agreed not to cross a certain
line with their nets which was settled
upon as the center of the stream
through the fishing waters.
The active and exciting life of the
fishermen had its influence upon their
manner of obtaining pleasure and rec
reation. They did not cultivate the
intellect as a whole. In fact only a
few turned their attention to books.
Athleteß by nature the men devoted
much time to athletics. They had
their ball grounds, tennis courts and
club rooms. Indoor sporte were as
much in favor as their outdoor sports.
As hand-ball players the village team
ntood ready to challenge any of the
cities. Foot-ball and baseball playing,
in their respective seasons, found these
fishermen in the field opposing the
best teams in the country.
Aside from athletics, dancing was
the magic means of amusing both
young and old. No week ever passed
during the season that the fishermen
did not engage in this pastime. It
was an occasion in which all took a
part and the large hall provided for
the purpose was always crowded. A
fisherman is nevei too young or too old
Dancing was the means of celebrat
ing all important events?. No higher
tribute could be paid an individual or
event than by giving a ball. It wae
the zenith point in bestowing honors.
The settlement of the dispute be
tween the northsiders and southsiders
occasioned the geratest ba'l in the his
tory of the northside village. They
were weaker in number! but had won
out in a measure and were determined
to celebrate the occasion in si lit and
There were honors due to many and
the fishermen were not slow to bestow
these upon the deserving oneß. The
occasion of peace come on for its share.
In fact, it was called the great peace
ball. While there were indvidaala
who shared the honors, Captain Bud
long and bin men were the honored
guests. Dan Lapham had dis
tinguished himself on the water and as
a commissioner in settling the trouble
and Bankala was the heroine of the
hour. To Captain Budlong and his
men she was tlie most conspicuous per
sonage at the mouth of the Columbia.
1 The fishermen so accustomed to the cx
i eitement of river life, the act of the girl
in saving the boatload of soldiers was
not looked upon as a miioh out of the
ordinary, though they all recognized
in Sankala a remarkable young woman.
The hall was decorated as it had
never been decorated before. The floor
was waxed with greater care, and mu
sicians had been employed from the
nearest town. The rude fisher-folk
were decked out in their best garmentß.
The women took unusual care with
their toilets. When the ball room was
tilled at an early hour, the people of
the fishing village presented a very
good appearance. The soldiers, many
of them from the ctiy, were surprised
j to see the presto change from the rug
ged men of the lish-traps, and the cure
less girls of the beach to the gallant
and gay tiguies of the ball-room.
Human natuie is much the same
] among all classes, and it was not ma
terially diffeieut among the tisher-folk.
Many of them had gathered early.
The women were seated in groups, and
commenting on those who entered lat
er. Young girh and boya were skip
j ping across the hall in a frolicsome,
aimless "manner. Old men sat in the
corners and looked on in silence.
A faint cheer rose over the room.
Captain Budlong entered accompanied
Iby Hazel beadog. The applause was
for the captain.
"Is Bankala coming?" asked one of
the women of another.
"She promised after long persuasion
10 come. But ahe only agreed to re
main a short time. Ringwold is about
exhuasted from his work with the
wounded and Bankala does not think it
right anyway, to celebrate while the
wounded are so low. She thought it
wrong to give the ball while Old tieadog
is lying at the point of death."
"It doesn't peem tc worry Hazel,
11 i h daughter." remarked another
woman who was watching the rich fish
erman's child, wreathed in smiles,
while she entertained the captain ol
The crowd had gathered and the
grand march and quadrille that fol
lowed were over. All weie seated
again when a slight sensation near the
door caauned the pleasure Beekers to
look in the direction. The soldiers
commenced to applaud, and continued
until the house fairly shook. Dan
Lapham and Sankala had just entered.
Bankala was very pale. She was
dressed very plainly but neatly, and
carried her left arm in a strip of white
silk which pended from her neck. The
soldiers flocked about her and were
profuse with congratulations.
"Excuse me, there is Bankala, our
brave little heroine!" said Captain
Budlong and left Hazel ami rushed to
grasp the hand of the orphan.
The men broke away at the ap
proach of the commander. Captain
Budlong was full of praise for the girl,
inquired about her wounded aim and
was very attentive.
"May I have the next waltz after
this one—pardon me Mr. Lapham!"
said the captain turning to Sankala's
escort after making the request of her.
"Dan doesn't waltz," replied San
"Then may I have this one—l will
be careful with the arm?' said the
captain for the music was just sarting
up and the dancers were beginning.
"Certainly," replied Sankala as Dan
nodded his approval.
When the waltz wag over Captain
Budlong escorted Sankala to a seat
near Hazel Seadog. Sankala spoke to
Hazel but the latter took no notice of
her. Captain Budlong saw it but
thought Hazel did not hear Sankala
"I have just had a nice darce with
our little heroine," remaiked the cap
tain. "Don't you think she is pretty
"She is only one of our employes
and I do not recognize her as a Bocial
equal," replied Hazel with all the Sea
dog venom expressed in her voice and
Captain Budlong looked sharply at
his companion. PI is first lieutenant
relieved Sankala's embarassment by
leading her to another portion of the
room. Dan Lapham was engaging a
number of fishermen at another por
tion of the houEe by telling them of
the result of the peace commission's
The dance continued until nearly
midnight without farther incident when
a messenger rushed in, almost out of
breath, and announced that Old Sea
dog was dying.
"Bingwold, too, has collapsed and
is at the house of Seadog," said the
bearer of bad news.
Captain Budlong hurried away with
Hazel and Dan and Sankala followed.
(To be continued)
Chilian Miners Powerful.
Perhaps the greatest weights borne
for any distance on men's hacks are
the loads of ore brought up from the
mines of the Amies by the miners of
Chili. Darwin visited a copper mine
in a ravine leading from the main
range of the Cordilleras, where the
work was carried on by Bach primitive
means that, though the mines had
been worked in the mountains for at
least two centuries, the water was re
moved in some by carrying it up suaf ta
in leather bags on men's backs.
Sir Francis Head, when visiting a
similar mine, found that all the ore
Was carried up to the surface, a ver-
Ical climb of 450 feet, by the miners,
and that the average weight carried
was 250 pounds. This load was not
carried up a winding stair, but up
notched trunks of trees, set almost up
right, one touching another.
The food of the Chilian miner, ac
cording to Darwin, consisted of ra
tions of sixteen figs and two small
loaves of bread for breakfast; for din
ner boiled beans, for supper wheat
crushed and roasted. They scarcely
ever tasted meat
Pose as Dressmakers.
Such are the impositions practiced
on department stores by women claim-
Ing dressmakers' discounts that a lead
ing metropolitan house finds it neves*
sary to employ three detectives whoso
exclusive task it is to verify state
ments of this character. Those enti*
tied to discounts receive credentials,
while the others are tabulated under
the classification "fraudulent." Many
stores provide separate cashier's desks
for dressmaker patrons, who repair
hither for their authorized rebates, av
eraging 10 per cent. This privilege la
usually confined to merchandise apper
taining to dressmaking, and is unavail
' able for other goods. Cut rate and
special sales are also exempt from
The beet theology—a pure and benefi
| ceat 111*.
The Poultry House.
There Is more or less objection to the
scratching shed on the part of poul
try misers and it la admitted that In
sections whore the fowls can have con
siderable time out of doors during
the winter, this shed may not be nec
essary. But when the birds are raised
in localities where there is consider
able snow on the ground during the
winter the scratching shed Is certain
ly a comfort, for it gives the birds a
place In which they may scratch with
out being exposed to wind and wet.
An ideal house is one that is four
feet in the rear, eight feet high in
front, with house ten feet wide and
fifteen feet deep and a shed attached
HOIBE K(IR BMALL FLOCK.
of the same area. If built new one
roof will cover both house and shed.
The window may be placed in the
front of the house with the door, or the
door may open into the scratching
shed, as preferred. In cold weather
the fowls in the scratching shod are
protected from wind and storm by
a curtain made of heavy muslin which
is let down over the opening. All
feeding Is done In the scratching shed,
the house being reserved for roosting
and laying. The cut shows the sim
plicity and utility of the house describ
A correspondent asks how a corn
crib may be constructed so as to b«
proof against rats. We give reply to
this by the out of a crib In this column.
The crib may be built cheaply, and of
any size desired. The cut fully ex
plains the construction. It is set either
on wooden posts or brick foundations,
put 15 Inches In the ground as shown
in the cut, and '2 to liUj feet from the
ground to the crib sills. Two-thirds
of the distance from ground to the
sill are galvanized Iron hoods, project
ing out and downward around the
foundation posts 4 inches in width.
Rats can never pass over this hood
which they would have to do to reach
the crib. Such a crib Is absolutely
proof against rats. It Is constructed
of inch-lumber, open for air to read)
the corn, but with flaring sides for
A HATI'KnoF COKNCRin.
protection against rain.—St. Louis Re
A good scratcher means a good lay
Pullets do not fatten as readily as
The poultry house should not open
to the north or cast
Build the poultry house so that it
can readily be cleaned.
The perches should be not more thnn
two feet from the ground.
Success does not depend so much on
breed as on care ami attention.
Young fowls need crushed bone in
some form to develop good blood, boue
The poultry should be given the cab
bage leaves, apple parings and all
other vegetable refuse from the kit
One way of preventing hens from
eating their eggs is to make nests in
small, low, dark holes, to be entered
from the 6ides.
Rusty Iron kept in their drinking
water is said to be an excellent remedy
for looseness of feathers in fowls.
A flat perch is best because of being;
more comfortable to the feet and best
support to the breast when the fowl
is sitting down.
Successful poultry farms are usual
ly the outgrowth of a small beginning,
starting in or near a lire city, and
Improved from year to year.
Unless a hen la extra valuable a* a
mother she should not be kept after
her second season of laying, which will
make her two and one-half rears old.
The more active thebr^TT"
liability to fatten, W *• ««•
The poultry may be a «*.
consl<k...!e income or an in^T* of
nuisance, according to th It? 1 *
are managed and the treatnuX ' £*-
receive. "ware they
A sure remedy for seal-* i .
fowls is three part, of^Vj *
one of powdered sulphur, oil th*
with this, repeating i n ten
two weeks. *s or
If you wish to keep egg 8 for \s
length of time store in a cool £-
place and turn them half over ev «l
other day. Unfertilized egg 8 kZZ
best. By packing In dry salt and sto?
Ing in a dark, dry, cool place they can
be kept for some time for cooking mir
poses. ; , 6 VUI'
To Care for the Horse.
Speed horses are always trained
down before they enter races. Foot
ball players train and diet for months*
In order that they may be In prime of
condition; that their muscles may be
hard and their endurance extended,
but how many farm horses there ar»
that are not even given a thought
about conditioning before entering the
heavy harvest and full work, sayt
Farm Review. Where horses are work
ed more or less continuously there
should be no trouble whatever in
bringing them into good condition and
keeping them there, but with those
that are turned to grass the problem
is not bo easy. Grass is good for
horses, but when turned on, and thi»
accompanied by feeding at random,
with a little work now and then, will
not get or keep a horse in condition.
If on grass the horse, if he works
more or less, should be given his grain
feed regularly. In any case pain*
should be taken to have the horse
hardened and In condition by the time
hard work begins. If such is the case
both man and beast will enjoy the
harvest more than if the horse is poor
Water for the Dairy.
A simple method of keeping a crater
pipe clean, where water Is piped from
a spring to a house, dairy or other
farm buildings is shown In the cut.
PUMP AND ATTACHMENT.
A T is placed at a, instead ot an
elbow, as commonly done. When nec
essary to clean the pipe, a suctioa
pump is attached as shown and a plug
in screwed into the elbow at b. After
cleaning, the pump is removed and
the plug screwed into the T at a.—
Farm and Home.
Tnr pen tine for Corn.
I have used kerosene on seed corn.
I have also used turpentine for many
years on all of my seed corn. We
usually use a pan or dipper to fill our
planter boxes and In each dipper we
DM turpentine freely, stirring the corn
with the hand until all the com. 1»
wet with turpentine. We like turpen
tine best, as it evaporate* about as
fast as the planter boxes are filled. It
prevents worm* or grubs from eatin?
corn on soddy land. You can also use
freely on-your sochl beans as soon as
you sec indication of weevils, either in
spring, fall or winter. It will kill all
of them. Don't be afraid to use plenty;
Of turpentine—try a few kernels of
good, sound seed corn by saturating
and planting same—testing vitality
after treatment—so as to satisfy your
self.—H. 11. Keeley, Indiana, in Farm
We Are Eating More Mutton.
More mutton is being consumed »
this country than ever before in !t*
history. This is because there «*
more people in the country and be
cause the mutton is of better quality. /
The deduction which the situation
seems to warrant is that the man JT:
engages in sheep breeding in the Tig^K
way and stays with it is practical
sure of making good money. As tun -
goes on it becomes more and more ap
parent that mutton and lamb are fasn
ionable meats among the America
people. * '
Suggestion* to Sheep Rai«eP». - :
Sheep are almost essential in niaur
tainJng the fertility and cleanliness
of the land-
Keep the quarters clean. sheep nr#
not need the accumulation of manui
to keep them warm.
To have good^ized sheep, they mns.
be grown rapidly while young, •■»;.:
Is important to give them a **»
•tart ■ . woO l
When sheep lose patches of *£ ;:
from their head, or belli** it todkjJJ
a f«v«rl«h condition, and l* u*u*v
the rwoit of Improper feeding.