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PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT MADE A
At the East Front of the Capitol—
Says Our People Have Cause to be
Thankful for Things of the Past and
No Good Reason Why We Should
Fear the Future—Lauds Lincoln.
"My Fellow Citizens: No people on
earth have more cause to be thankful
than ours, and this is said reverently,
and in no spirit of boastfulness in our
own strength, but with gratitude to
the Giver of good who has blessed us
with the conditions which have enabl
ed us to achieve so large a measure
of well-being and of happiness. To
us as a people it has been granted to
lay the foundations of our national life
in a new continent. We are the heirs
of the ages, and yet we have had to
pay few of the penalties which in old
countries are exacted by the dead hand
of a bygone civilization. We have not
been obliged to fight for our existence
against any alien race; and yet our
life has called for the vigor and effort
without which the manlier and hardier
virtues wither away. Under such con
dltions it would be our own fault if
we failed; and the success which we
have had in the past, the success that
we confidently believe the future will
bring, should cause in us no feeling
of vainglory, but rather a deep and
abiding realization of all which life has
offered us; a full acknowledgment of
responsibility which is ours; and a
fixed determination to show that, under
a free government a mighty people
can thrive best, alike as regards the
things of the body and the things of
Duties Must Not Be Shirked."
"Much has boon given to us, and
much will rightfully be expected from
us. We have duties to others, and du
ties to ourselves; and we can shirk
neither. We have become a great na
tion, forced by the fact of its great
ness into relations with the other na
tions of the earth; and we must be
have as beseems a people with such
responsibilities. Toward all other na
tions, large and small, our attitude
must be one of cordial and sincere
friendship. We must show not only
in our words but in our deeds that we
are earnestly desirous of securing
their good will by acting toward them
in a spirit of just and generous recog
nition of all their rights. But justice
and generosity in a nation, as in an
indvidual, count most when shown not
by the weak but by the strong. While
ever careful to refrain from wronging
others we must be no less insistent
that we are not wronged ourselves.
We wish peace; but we wish the
pence of justice, the peace of righte
ousness. We wish it because we
think it is right and not because we
are afraid. No weak nation that acts
manfully and justly should ever have
cause to fear us, and no strong power
should ever be able to single us out
as a subject for insolent aggression.
"Our relations with the other pow
ers of the world are important; but
still more important are our relations
among ourselves. Such growth in
wealth, in population, and in power,
as this nation ha? seen during the
century and a quarter of its national
life is inevitably accompanied by a
like growth in the problems which are
ever before every nation that rises to
greatness. Power invariably means
both responsibility and danger. Our
forefathers faced certain perils which
we have outgrown. We now face oth
er perils the very existence of which
it was impossible that they should
"Modern life is both complex and in
tense, and the tremendous changes
wrought by the extraordinary indus
trial development of the last half cen
tury are felt in every fibre of our so
cial and political being. Never before
have men tried ao vast and formidable
an experiment as that of administering
the affairs of a continent under the
forms of a democratic republic. The
conditions which have told for our
marvelous material wellbeing, which
have developed to a very high degree
our energy, self reliance and individ
ual initiative, have also brought the
care and anxiety inseparable from the
accumulation of a great wealth in in
dustrial centers. Upon the success of
our experiment much depends, not on
ly as regards our own welfare, but is
regards the welfare of mankind. If
we fail, the cause of free self govern
ment throughout the world will rock
to its foundations; and therefore our
responsibility is heavy, to ourselves,
to the world as it is today and to the
generations yet unborn.
Faith in the Future.
"There is no good reason why we
should fear the future, but there is
every reason why we should face it
seriously, neither hiding from our
selves the gravity of the problems be
fore us nor fearing to approach these
problems with the.unbending, unflinch
ing purpose to solve them aright.
"Yet .after all. though the prob
lem! are new, though the tasks set be
fore us differ from the tasks set be
fore our fathers who founded and pro
served this republic, the spirit in
which these tasks must be undertaken
and these problems faced, if our duty
is to be well done, remains essentially
unchanged. We know that self gov
ernment is difficult. We know that
no people needs such high traits of
character as that people which seeks
to govern its affairs aright through
the freely expressed will of the free
men who compose it. But we have
faith that we shall not prove false to
the memories of the men of the mighty
past. They did their work, they left
us the splendid heritage we now enjoy.
We in our turn have an assured con
fidence that we shall be able to leave
this heritage unwasted and enlarged
to our children and our children's
children. To do so we must show, not
merely in great crises, but in the ev
eryday affairs of life, the qualities of
practical intelligence, of courage, or
hardihood and endurance, and above
all the power of devotion to a lofty
ideal, which made great the men who
founded this republic in the days of
Washington, which made great the
men who preserved this republic in
the days of Abraham Lincoln.
ADDRESS BY FAIRBANKS.
Delivered to the Senate Upon His In-
duction Into Office.
"Senators: i enter upon the dis
charge of the duties of the position to
which I have been called by my coun
trymen with grateful appreciation of
the high honor and with a deep sense
of its responsibilities.
"1 have enjoyed the privilege of
serving with you here for eight years.
During that time we have engaged in
the consideration of many domestic
questions of vast importance and with
foreign problems of unusual and far
reaching significance. We submit what
we have done to the impartial judg
ment of history.
"I can never forget the pleasant re
lations which have been formed dur
ing my service upon the floor of the
senate. I shall cherish them always
as among the most delightful memo
ries of my life. They warrant the be
lief that I shall have in the discharge
of the functions which devolve upon
me under the constitution the generous
assistance and kindly forbearance of
both sides of the chamber.
"We witness the majestic spectacle
of a peaceful and orderly beginning of
an administration of national affairs
under the laws of a free and self
governing people. We pray that di
vine favor may attend it and that
peace and progress, justice and honor
may abide with our country and our
At a recent meeting of North Yak
Ima growers who are still holding their
1904 crop of hops, it was decided to
hold for .'!.") cents or better. This agree
ment is for en indefinite period. Five
thousand bales are in the hands of
Outlaw baseball will be played in
Spokane this year. Matt. Stanley, man
ager of the Spokane team, has been
notified by President Clyde Williams,
that he should go ahead signing play
ers in readiness to commence the sea
son by the middle of April.
J. J. Browne of Spokane has been
appointed regent, of the state agricul
tural college at Pullman by Governor
Mead, to succeed the late Senator J.
P. Sharp of Ellensburg. Senator
Sharp's term as regent would have ex
pired March 9. Mr. Browne's appoint
ment is for the full term of six years.
By a flying leap from a moving
train R. R. David, former clerk of the
Ames Mercantile agency, who is want
ed in Spokane to face a charge of
forgery, escaped from Deputy Sheriff
Butler. David was being brought back
from Denver, Col., where he had been
arrested at the instigation of the Pin
Forty Bombs Found on Them.
St. Petersburg.—Although Sunday
was reasonably quiet, a number of en
counters between the police and dis
contented workmen were reported. No
one was killed. However, a detachment
of the secret police arrested two Ar
menian and two Jewish students dis
guised as workmen, who were dist
ributing pamphlets of a revolutionary
nature among the inmates of tea
houses, in the poorer quarter. When
taken to the fortress and searched 40
bombs, small, and made to resemble
oranges, were found hidden in their
clothing. All four were interrogated
at length by the police, but they de
clined to state where they got the
Mob Hangs Crazy Negro.
Vicksburg, Miss. —The body of Dr.
William B. Oliphant, who was shot to
death by a half crazy negro at Holms
station has arrived here. From the
same train the negro was who respon
sible for the death of Dr. Oliphant
was taken from the deputy at Eliza
beth station by a masked body of men.
and reports that reach here are that
he was promptly hanged.
REAR END COLLISION
TOO SPECIAL TRAINS ON THE
List of Dead Caused by the Accident Is
Seven—More Than 40 Are Injured—
Cleveland Excursionists Bound for
Inaugural Ceremonies at Washing
ton—Account of the Accident.
Pittsburg. Pa., March 5. —After the
most searching investigation it Is now
practically certain that the list of dead |
caused by the collision bet ween the
two special trains from Cleveland on
the Pennsylvania railroad at Clifton
station will not exceed seven. Sonic
Of the soldiers say a number of their
comrades are still under the wreck,
but all seem to have been accounted
The following is a revised list of the
Lieutenant Donaldson C. Bchofleld
of Company I), a Cleveland architect.
Captain William R. Henry, battalion
surgeon and a prominent Cleveland
Corpora] James Kehoe, Company C,
Private H. R. Held, Company C.
Frank j'inney, aged L 0; Bon of Lieu*
tenant O. C. Pinney of Company C.
Mr. Dodge, Pullman conductor, Chi
The list of injured will reach 40,
six or seven of whom are likely to
die. All are being cared for at the
several hospitals. Among the more
seriously injured are:
Major J. It. McQuigg, commanding
the engineers' battalion, Cleveland;
both legs broken and head cut.
Lieutenant R. D. Smith, Company
H, Palrfleld, Ohio; both legs broken
and head cut; can not live.
Frank H. Johnstone,, aged 20, Cleve
land, right leg broken and injured in
George Riley, Cleveland, member of
Tlppecanoe club, guest of Major Mc-
Quigg; internally injured; will prob
Charles H. Sturgis, Company C,
Cleveland; badly burned about the
hands, face and back.
James D. Gray, negro cook, Battery
A, Cleveland; scalp wound and inter
nal injuries; will die.
O. C. Pinney, quartermaster. Com
pany C, skull fractured; may die.
Floyd Pe'tnei, Cleveland, optician;
scalp wound; burned about the face
and hands; wrist fractured.
Both trains left Cleveland and were
making a good run through to Wash
ington. The national guard engineers
had the first train, which consisted
of a baggage and six Pullmans.
Just after the train had passed
through the Conway yards it had to
be stopped on account of a hot box.
The box was cooled off, but three other
stops were necessary by the time
Sewickley had been reached.
These delays allowed the second
section to come up and after passing
Sewirkley the trains were running but
one block apart. At Clifton the train
was again stopped on account of the
hot box. The flagman. John Murray,
was sent back as an extra precaution
to stop the train approaching in case
it had left the set off signals.
Caw Signals Too Late.
Murray had hardly left the train
when the second section, running 50
miles an hour, turned a slight bend at
this point. Engineer Nicholas Long
of the second train said the block he
passed showed green, but when he saw
Flagman Murray he applied the brake.
It was too late. The heavy train sped
on over the slippery rails and crashed
fairly into the rear coach of the first
So great was the speed that the en
gine ploughed clear through the heavy
observation car, splitting it in two and ;
jamming the trucks against the second
Flames broke out in the wreckage
but were soon under control.
Japs Oppose Army of 400,000.
According to estimates which have!
been prepared at Tokio the forces tin-1
der General Kuropatkin between the
Shakhe river and Tie pass total slight
ly over 40(1,000, composed of 335,000 in
fantry, 33,000 cavalry and 25,000 ar
tillery, with 1504 guns. These esti
mates do not include the Vladivostok
and other garrisons, the railroad
guards or the civil employes. The
grand total of the Russian strength
east of Baikal is estimated at 700,000.
Largest White Sapphire.
The largest white sapphire ever dis
covered has just been brought to Ber
lin by M. Heppner, a German engineer
who has resided for many years in
Brazil, where he possesses several
inipfs Before cutting, the stone
weighed 1250 carats. m ||
ELEVEN BILLIONS IN 14 YEARS.
Tctal Value of American Farm Prod
ucts Sent Out of Country.
The department of agriculture has
issued a report on foreign trade in
farm and forest products in 1904, com
piled by the division of foreign mar
kets. It shows that the balance of
trade in farm products in each year
from 1890 to 1904 was in favor of ex
ports. There was a distinct gain in
I.S9S, when the exports balance in
creased to $666,000,000, a gain of $2. r>7,
000 over the preceding year, and for
six successive years beginning with
11898, the annual export balance for
farm products exceeding $410.000.
The statement shows that the do
mestic exports of farm or agricultural
products for the year were 119,000,000
less than the preceding year, and $(>,
--000,000 less than the annual average
for 1599 to 1903. The total value of
exports in 1904 was $869,160,264. The
exports of forest products in 1904 ag
gregated $60,600,430, and was an in
crease of $17,000,000 over 190.'!, and
$3(1,000,000 more man the annual aver
age for 1X94 to 1898. For the period,
1890 to 1904, the total value of do
mestic exports of farm products ag
Total imports of farm product! in
1904 were $461,535,851, an increase of
$5,000,000 over 1903, and of $64,000,000
over the annual average Cor 1899 to
190H, and of forest products $7!Uil<>.
296. The value of imports of forest
products exceeded the previous year
by $8,000,000, and the annual average
of 1899 to 1903, by $19,000,000.
Items of Farm Products.
The farm Imports in 1904 included
$73,000,000 of sugar and molasses. $71,
--000.000 in animal fibers, $70,000,000 in
coffee, $52,000,000 in hides and skins,
and $46,000,000 in vegetable fibers.
Lumber exports aggregated $39,000,
--000, an increase of $7,000,000 over the
previous year. Naval stores exported
increased from $13,000,000 in 1903, to
over $10,000,000 in 1904. Alcoholic
liquors imported declined $500,000.
TURN CAPITAL INTO FAIRYLAND.
Magnificent Ball, Fireworks and Lights
Washington, D. C, March 4. —Turn-
ing from the pageant of the inaugural
events of the day, the doubled popula
tion of the city disposed itself for the
three imposing spectacles of the night,
the promenade at the pension office,
misnamed a ball; the fireworks on the
White House lot and the dazzling
street decorations in honor of Presi
dent Roosevelt. The attendance at the
ball was limited to 12,000 or 15,000.
The street decorations were viewed by
a solid marching column filling the
wide pavements of the avenae and the
street itself and reaching for two miles
and a half.
No such brilliant scheme of decora
tion and illumination was ever wit
nessed before in this country or any
other. The dome of the caplto] stood
white against the darkness, the illu
minations of searchlights in the top
of Washington monument being visi
ble for many miles. The fireworks
exceeded all previous displays. There
were no ordinary pieces.
The decorations of the ballroom suc
cessfully conformed to the agreement
that every inauguration should exceed
all previous efforts. All was accom
plished that could be effected by ex
tended masses of color, spreading all
about and over the immense room and
its galleries, with miles of evergreen
vines, cart loads of cut flowers, flags
in artistic combination, electric lights
by the thousands upon thousands, and
electric pieces large and small, of un
rivalled proportions, carrying 6000 var
ied colored lights woven into a most
: Instrumental music and the trained
chorus of r.OO voice:-; filled the vast
building to its remotest recesses with
the perfection of musical attainment.
In deference to Sunday all ceremonies
I stopped at midnight, but it was well
toward morning before the lights were
turned down on the most brilliant
spectacle that Washington had seen in
; its long line of notable occasions. Till
long after midnight the gathered thou
sands walked, wandered and enthused
on Pennsylvania avenue, through long
reaches of fairyland.
With the wee small hours the lights
faded and the citizens rested after
1 their months of labor.
Grandly had the District of Colum
bia entertained the nation.
Big Strike in New York.
New York, March 8. —At five min
nt< sto 4 o'clock this morning the
strike on the elevated and subway of
the Inter borough Rapid Transit com
pany began. A train, which reached
the One Hundred and Fifty-first street
terminal of the West Side Elevated
line ta the hour, was deserted by its en
tire crew. Ticket choppers, agents and
other employes at the One Hundred
and Fifty-fifth street station also went
It is easier to test the Bible by your
logic than it is to test your living by
JAPANESE GAINED VICTORY BE
YOND THE HUN RIVER.
Huge Quantity of Ammunition Cap
tured by Japs—Russians Made Four
Attacks to Force Japs Back from
Waitao Mountain—Weather Is Be
General Kuroki's Headquarters in
the Field, March 5. — The Japanese
have gained a signal victory beyond
the Hun river, defeating in detail two
divisions of the Russian Sixteenth
corps, recently arrived from Europe,
with great slaughter and capturing
huge quantities or ammunition. The
Russians still hold their main line of
The Russians, fighting stutibornly,
between midnight and daybreak made
four attacks in heavy force against
tlic contingent of Japanese v !iich gain
ed their first line ir front of Waitao
mountain Thursday night. The Jap
anese maintained their foothold and^
repulsed the Russian attacks, Inflict
ing heavy losses on the Russians. The
Japanese held the ground two nights
and one day in weather below freez
ing. The morale of the Japanese is
SHATTER RUSSIAN RIGHT.
Oku's Forces Have Troops of the
Czar in Retreat.
With General Okn'l Forces In Front
of Mukden. Sunday, March 5, —The
Russian right has been completely
shattered and the troops of the czar
are in full retreat, leaving behind them
thousands of dead and wounded and
large quantities of stores and muni
The fighting during the last three
daj;s has been of a fierceness of char
acter that easily eclipsed any previous
performance of the war, am- "Mice
again the troops of the mikado have
carried well night impregnable posi
tions at the point of the bayonet af
ter having first made a breach by the
use of heavy siege guns and an abund
ance of well delivered shrapnel.
The blow was well delivered and
within an hour the entire Russian
right was in confusion and their flre
demoralized. Hundreds of Russians
threw away their guns in order to be
able to more quickly retreat, and the
entire route was lined with abandoned
Several Russian field pieces wero
captured in this movement. The Jap
anese left is still moving rapidly for
ward and is encountering but little op
position, as the Russian troops are too
badly frightened to make more than a
Short Biograph—Had been Married
Porn October 27, 1858, in New York
1880 —Graduated from Harvard.
1881-88—Member of the New York
1882—Married Miss Alice I.cc of
Boston, who died two y.-ars later.
1884 —Chairman New York delega
tion national republican convention.
1884-SG—Ranching in Bad Lands, Da
188$—Married Miss Edith Caraw of
188G — UmucceMfu] candidate for
mayor of New York city.
1888-96—United States civil service
1895-96—Police commissioner, New
ISD7-8 —Assistant secretary of the
1898 —Colonel of the Rough Riders.
19(10-01—Vice President of the Unit
1901—President of United States.
1904—Re-elected President of the
Toga After Baltic Fleet.
Admiral Toga has sailed to crush
the Russian fialtic fleet, according to
the Hongkong correspondent of the
London Daily Mail. The correspond
ent, cabling last night, states that the
German steamer Nubia, which arrived
this afternoon, passed two Japanese
squadrons 100 miles south of Hong
kong, steaming southeast. The first
was a squadron of nine battleships
and armored cruisers and the second
consisted of 13 armored and protected
cruisers, accompanied by a flotilla of
destroyers. From this it is believed
that the Japanese fleet, having been
docked and scraped after its long Port
Arthur campaign, has been put in con
dition to carry the battle to the Baltic
fleet which has taken refuge in the
When a man loves God he will
think once in a while about the feel
ings of men.