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COST TO RUSSIANS
THEY HAVE LOST 500,000 MEN
IN THE FAR EAST WAR.
War Office Criticisms Backed Up by
Exact Figures up to March 12—
Thought Lightly of Japanese Sol
diers —Exposing Secrets Causes Sen
sation in St. Petersburg.
Stung by the wholesale criticism
lately heaped upon the war office for
its unpreparednesa and incapacity in
providing the Manchurian army with
men, nuns and munitions, the govern
ment lays bare what has been done
since the opening of the war, giving
the exact figures.
Prom these it appears that up to
March 12 the war office has dispatched
13,07s officers, 761,467 men, 146,308
horses, 1621 guns and 3,168,821 tons
of munitions and supplies to the
front. Declaring that the transporta
tion strained the Siberian railroad to
its utmost capacity, the army organ
admits that the army in the far east
when the war was begun was hardly
worth the name (no figures being
given) tun it is known that the troops
did not exceed 60,000 men, practically
defenseless because the emperor de
sired to avoid war, and. therefor* 1, re
framed from sending reinforcements,
which surely would have provoked it.
Taken by Surprise.
The criticism that the war office
failure to adequately supply Port Ar
thur is met by the statement that it
was provisioned for a garrison of 12
battalions, the decision to put 30 bat
talions there being taken so late that
the original calculations could not be
remedied. While affirming that the
quick firing guns and field guns of the
Russians are superior to those of the
Japanese, the war office explains that
the misfortune in the insufficiency of
the mountain guns was due to the fact
that when the war broke out Russia
was just adopting a new pattern. It
is denied that the war office was de
ceived in regard to the available
strength of the Japanese army or the
organization of the Japanese reserves,
but tl;<> organ trankly admits that the
talents of the officers and the wonder
ful spirit of the soldiers were miscal
Nearly 500,000 Men Sacrificed.
The publication of this article has
created a sensation. Many of the mil
itary men are censuring the general
staff for disclosing secrets, and find
a practical admission that tho war has
cost almost 500.000 men in killed,
wounded, prisoners and sick, as the
whole effective army in the far east is
now believed not to exceed .30.000 men.
The preliminary press censorship on
bonks in Russian, as well as foreign
languages has been removed. The
books now printed go to the censor,
by whom their sale must be authorized
within seven days, or, if it is alleged
that they violate the criminal law, the
question of confiscation must immedi
ately be submitted to and decided by
the courts. Heretofore manuscripts
were sent to the censor, and some
times were held for months and years.
He hail the arbitrary right to prohibit
their publication w.^.out any con
firmation of his decision by the courts.
Raise Steel Workers' Wages.
Officials of the United States Steel
corporation are reported to have com
pleted all plans preparatory to mak
ing the announcement of a sweeping
wage increase, to go into effect April 1.
The amount of the increase is not
known at present, but it is stated that
with the exception of tonnagemen in
the steel mills, all employes will re
ceive the full amount of the former
reduction. The total increase for the
year will, it is said, approximate
$9,000,000. The advance will affect
30,000 workmen in this district.
Indexes Cut Out.
No county official has a right to in
troduce in his office any system which
will save money to the taxpayers of
the county at a small expense unless it
is definitely authorized by statute, ac
cording to a decision of the supreme
court rendered in the oase of John L.
Dirks vs. the county commissioners,
auditoi and treasurer of Spokane coun-
Largest Ship of France.
I,a Province, the splendid new ship
of the French line, was launched
March 22, at St. Nazaire. She will be
the largest French ship afloat, being of
19.1C0 tons, exceeding the tonnage of
the largest French battleship by 4500
Deadly Duel in a Saloon.
Silverton, Col., March 27.—At
Eureka, 10 miles north of here, Mar
shal Mackenzie, a well known mine
promoter of this county, was fatally
shot by Arthur Rice, a mining man of
Eureka. The men had trouble over
the possession of some mining claims.
CREATION OF COUNTIES ILLEGAL
Idaho Court Holds That New Counties
Were Improperly Formed.
Idaho's legislature may create new
counties.but has not the power to abol
ish old counties,'is the substance of the
decision of the supreme court of Idaho
Monday afternoon in declaring that
the action of the last leigslature in
creating the new counties of Lewis and
Clark was unconstitutional and void.
The views of the court were given
from the bench, the written opinion
not having yet been filed.
This means a complete victory for
Rathdrum, which had beeii making a
hard fight to retaiu the county seat of
Kootenai county, which waa abolished
by the act of the legislature, the terri
tory being taken to make the new
The court holds that a'though the
legislature may create new counties
from parts of old ones, it can not abol
ish the old county nor deprive any
place of the county seat. In the state
of Idaho the county seat may be re
moved only by a vote of the people,
and the court declares that the legisla
ture can not do indirectly what it has
not the power to do directly.
Farmers Reing Swindled.
A number of people in the vicintiy
of Pendleton, Ore., have recently been
buuc«ed by a couple of iharpers,
whereby the people have been induced
to sign notes which in effect are for
1316 each, when they supposed they
were giving notes for $10 each.
The, contract notes were, for the de
livery of graphophones. An order was
taken lor the machine and 20 discs and
the purchaser presumed they were get
ting the entire outfit for $16. How
ever, th<3 contract was so worded that
it reac 1 #15 each, thus bringing the to
tal to #815. The word "each" was at
the opposite end of the contract from
the amount, and the latter was in
A humorous side of the affair is that
at the top of the note or contract was
printed in small type th^ following:
"It is expressly understood by the
signer of this order that he signs it up
on his own judgment, after due delib
eration, without any undue influence
having been used or rleying on any
other representation made by the agent
other than that written or printed in
Washington A. O. U. W. grand lodge,
Taooma, April 12-14.
Order of Railway Conductors of
America, Portland, May 9-14.
Washington M. W. of A. state en
campment, Spokane, May i.
Montana State Federation of Wom
en's clubs, Deer Lodge, June 6-8.
Lewis and Clark Fair.
Lewis and Clark centennial exposi
tion. Portland, June 1 to October L 6.
Events: National American Woman
Suffrage association, June 29-July 5;
American Medical association. July 11
--14; Transcontinental Paasenger asso
ciation, June 5; United Commercial
Travelers, interstate convention, June
9; Traveling Men's day, June 10; Na
tional Association State Dairy and
Food departments, June 20; Pacific
Coast Electrical Transmission associ
ation, June 20-21; American Library
association, July 2-7; International
Antieigarette association, July 15-17;
Charities and Corrections association,
national conference, July 15-22; Ne
braska Lumber Dealers' association,
July 17-18; Gamma Eta Kappa frater
nity, national convention, July 20-22;
.Vorth Pacific sangerbund, July 21-2:?;
W. C. T. U., national conferences, Juue
Disorder at Yalta.
Sebastopol, Crmea. —The news of
the disorders »t Yalta greatly excited
the local population. According to j
the latest advices the chief of police of
Yalta has been seriously wounded.
Warships and three companies of
soldiers are being sent there. Passen
gers bound for Yalta are remaining
Rioters have destroyed nearly all the
warehouses and vodka shops and the
police station and a number of shops '
have been set on fire. Troops are
go aiding the postoffice and treasury '
building. The arrival of reinforce
ments of soldiers is expected momen
Smash Immigration Record.
With a total for the last week of 26,
--000 aliens and with the prospects of
at least 23,000 more to come in on'
the steamers arriving this week, it:
is probable that all immigration fig
ures will be broken before the spring
is ended. From all parts of Europe
aliens are beginning to arrive and it is!
likely the resources at Ellis island,
will be more than taxed in providing
Congressmen Sail for Havana.
The United States transport Sum
ner, bearing the congressional party
of 14, has arrived at Santiago de Cuba
and sailed after a few hours for Ha-;
vana. During the stop the congress
men visited the battlefields in the vl-j
cinity. They were greatly interested
also in industrial conditions.
AGE LIMIT ARGUMENT
GOVERNMENT CHEMIST AGREES
WITH DR. OSLER.
That a Man Is Old at 40 and His Abil
ity Ceases at 60 Years of Age—Dr.
Wiley Holds Out Consolation of
Science for Future—He Tells All
No statement made in recent years
by any member of the medical frater
nity created as much discussion in the
public press as I lie recent declaration
by Dr. Osier that a man is old at 10
and his utility ceases about the age
of 60, according to medical science.
Because of the many exceptions tak
en in this so called medical heresy
enunciated i>y the famous specialist.
few members of the medical frater
nity have dared to express themselves
along similar lines, even though they
looked upon the Osier theory as con
taining many elements of truth,
Dr, Harvey W. Wiley, chief of the
government chemical bureau and a
personal friend of Dr. Osier, in an in
terview the other day indorsed the
Osier theory that man is old At 40 and
his utility ceases at 60, but added that
science is already working to increase
the span of human life and in a few
years a man may he !ii> years of age
and still lie young. While Indorsing
the theories of Dr. Osier, Dr. Wiley
holds out tiic consolation of science
for ihe future.
"Is the average man 'old' at CO? It
is regrettable bui nevertheless true,"
said Dr. Wiley. "The average man at
60 today is laid oil the shelf. The veins
in his body have hardened ami that is
the real sign of age, As long as man's
veins remain fresh his body is invigo
rated, tissues are builded up as quick
ly as they decay and fear of death
need have no terrors; hut when the
blood vessels harden, one of them is
apt to snap at any time, and this, in
a vast number of cases, is the cause
of death today."
FIVE MEN LOST THEIR LIVES
Drowned in the Missouri River While
Building a Dyke.
St. Joseph, Mo., March 28. —Five
men lost their lives in the Missouri
river here yesterday. The dead:
The men were engaged in dyke build
ing operations on the Kansas side, op
posi'i the water pumping station.
They had been brought to. the Missouri
side each evening by a small steamer,
but on account of a heavy wind and
rainstorm this evening the steamer was
delayed anJ the men,rather than spend
the stormy night in a shack on the
Kansas bank, determined to cross in a
| skiff. About midstream the overload
ed skiff was swamped by the nigh
waves and four of the men sunk in the
muddy water and were seen no more.
Hutchison was seen swimming, but
sank before help could reach him.
None of the boides has been discovered.
Victoria, B*. C, March 29. —Mail
advices were received here from Pekin
by the Empress of Japan today that
high officials of China recognize that
China will have to pass through a
grave crisis threatening the very foun
dations of her independence and in
tegrity at the closo of the war, and
that to avert anarchy and chaos the
empire must be well armed and ready.
The Manchu civil and military author
ities are accordingly rearming the
various banner organizations, Manchu,
Mongol and Chinese. To the end of
February, 28 battalions over and above
the 7000 Manchus equipped with good
arms in 1902, had been provided with
either Mannilcher or Mauser magazino
rifles. Factories are working to pro
vide IJO.OOO more for the Chinese l^rces
at Pekin.' These forces will form the
uucleus of a modern Chinese army to
be organized without delay. An army
of half a million men is expected to be
ready, well armed, for the defense of
Pekin before June.
Paducha, Ky.—Mrs. Mary Brock
well, whose three children, aged 8, 4
and 5 years, died from poisoning under
suspicious circumstances last Satur
day, broke down and confessed that
she killed them by giving them mor
phine and coal oil. She stated that
George Alebrton promised to marry her
if she would get rid of the children
Alberton was arrested as an accessory.
The New York Tribune says that the
condition of Ru9sell Sage, who has
been confined to his home for some
time, in much more serious than has
been reported. His physician visits
him daily and says he has a good
chance for reooverv.
Iron was discovered in Virginia (the
first metals found In America) in 1716.1
GIRL TRIES SUICIDE.
Eva Thibaut, Aged 18, Leaves a Note
Explaining Rash Act.
Ravendale, Wash.. March 17/ Bra
Thibaut, aged is, shot herself Bunda]
morning, The ballet entered the left
t. Just missing the heart, pone
trating the left lung and came out of
the back just left of the spinal cord.
sh" concealed a revolver in ncr coal
ami went out in the timber about half
a mile and ihot herself. Her folKfl
became uneasy at her disappearance
and Went in search of her. nnd found
her lying beside a log in a dying con
A letter was found in the tins
dress saying how to dress her for
burial. She stated that she wanted
her sweetheart's (Frank QrantelU)
picture buried with her. and sent love
nnd kisses to him and also to all her
girl and bey friends.
The uirl has been worrying over her
mother, who left her hoiband because
he drunk an.i gambled, The mother
Went to Pennsylvania about two
months ago. where her In other resides
The girl claims to have written several
letters to her inolher bill received no
The only excuse she gives for shoot
ing herself is that she is tired of liv
ing. She says that when she shot
herself it was her intention to kill and
tlie reason she didn't bit uer heart
v.as that she was a little nervous.
Dr. Hove says she Ins little chance
of recovery. The girl was preparing
to be married soon and raves over her
sweetheart, and wants him to lie in the
room with her. He lakes it very .ard.
and cannot get in the room without
fainting. Eva's father and Grantelll
both had to ho watched by Sheriff
Btarwlch to keep them from injuring
themselves. They both wanted a gun
to kill themselves. The young woman
was always wen thought of in the com
RUSSIA FOR PEACE
St. Peterbsurg, March 151.—The As
sociated Press is in a position to an
nounce that a step in the direction of
peaoe has actually has been taken.
Russia has indirectly made known to
Japan the negative conditions apon
which peace may be concluded,namely
no concession of territory, and no in
demnity, leaving Japan to determine
whether negotiations can be began up
on that, basis. No reply from .lapan
has yet reached the Russian govern
Through what channel or channels
Russia has indirectly communicated
with Japan the Associated Press is not
in a position to state dedfinitely, al
though there is reason to believe that
it is through the United States. Jt is
practically certain that France, and
possibly, (ireat Britain, iis the two al
lies of the belligerents and the United
States, as the country acting for Jap
an, have been apprised of Russia's po
sition. Prsident's Roosevelt's friendly
disposition and perfect willingness,
however, are well understood here, and
without asking directly that they could
be known to President Roosevelt
through Ambassador Cassini the condi
tions to which she could not agree,
while thus giving Japan an opportunity
of knowing officially what the ba*is of
peace negotiations must be.
Russia avoids the attitude of suing
for peace or actually submitting propo
sals, and, besides, the United States
and (ireat Britain and the lowers gen
erally in a position where they could
offer Japan advices as to the reason
ableness of the proposals.
Having been apprised of Rusia's po
sition, Japan has two alternatives—
either to decline absolutely to open ne
gotiations on huclj biiHiH or indicate her
own attitude. If the negotiation! are
opened Russia probably will be pre
pared to make bioad concessions on
collateral issues, as stated by the As
A prominent diplomat is Russia de
scribes the situation of Russia as fol
"The government is now for peace,
but continues to prepare for war."
It is said that France is not taking a
hand in the negotiations and that the
report that Delasse has been asked to
act in the oapaoity of intermediator is
Rumor of the Czar's Suicide.
Paris, March 81. —An unconfirmed
report from St. Petersburg is published
here to the effect that Emperor Nich
olas made an attempt to commit sui
cide and wounded himself in the hand.
The rumor futrher says that the em
peror's design was frusrated by the in
tervention of his mother, the empress
The $100,000 Looked Good.
The American board of commission
ers fur foreign missions has announced
that its prudential committee had ac
cepted the report of the subcommittee
reoommending the acceptance of the
gift of 1100,000 by John D. Rockefel
ler, but that final action bad been pos
poned for two weeks.
Third Squadron Leaves Suez.
The whole of Vice Admiral Nebo
gatoff's squadron has sailed south
ward, from Suez.
JAPAN'S GREAT WAR GENERAL
IS A HARD WORKER.
Says Japan Was Forced to Fight This
War in Interests of International
Peace and Safety of Their Country
—He Has High Regard for Russian
Soldiers—He Is in Good Health.
Ylnkow, March 28.—Held Marshal
Oyaraa has given his first interview
since coining into the field. He re
fused to discuss the probability of
"l am only ■ soldier," he Mid, "not
■ politician. The- Japanese govern
ment will arrange terms of peace
when the tiin.. comes. We were forced
to li.uht this war in the interests of
international peace and for the safety
of our country. Personally, I have a
high regard for the Russians. They
are soldiers. The officer! and men are
brave and able and have fought well.
During the. war between China and
Japan I was the commander of tin;
army which captured Port Arthur.
With a division and a half of troops
we toOK the city |n five hours. The re
suit this time shows wonderful differ
ence between the Russians and the
Chinese, with whom we had previous
"Our army, both soldiers and of
cers, performed their duty as Japanese
knew they would. I was minister of
war fir Japan for HI years, during
which time conscription laws were
passed. I have closely watrhed the
making of the Japanese army, which
has proved wual i say. that the officers
and the men have fulfilled every hope,
as I believe they would in the olden
days, when the Japanese army was
composed of the Samuri professional
fighting men. The modern army was
drafted from all classes, yet all our
holies have been fully realized by the
work this army lias done in actual
Field Marshal Oyama declined td
discuss the future movements or
plans of the Japanese army. He inti
mated that he was ready to continue
I the war as long as necessary.
Despite reports to the contrary,
Field Marshal Oyama's health is ex
cellent. With Ins staff, he is comfort
ably quartered in five Chinese houses,
placed at his disposal by the Chinese
ARTESIAN WATER ON EAST SIDE.
Present Supply Could Be Greatly
Frank C. Calkins and N. 11. Darton,
who have been investigating the. water
resources of east, central Washington
with a view to determining to what ex
tent the supply may he Increased, and
to find whether there is hope of obtain
ing artesian Hows in any portion of
that region, have completed their in
vestigation, and in their report recent
ly made public by the interior depart
ment tiny say that with properly di
rected experiments and development
work, it is reasonably certain that the
present supply could he greatly aug
mented. While they are confident
that the water is present they do not
hesitate to say that its economical
use remains an open question.
According to theCalkins-Darton re
f>f jri the conditions in Douglas, Lin
coln, Kittltas, Franklin and Yakima
counties, the scene of their investiga
tions, do not warrant any fanciful pre
dictions when the questions of econ
omy ami water supply are considered.
They refuse to raise false hopes, an<l
rather than to mislead the people on
the cast side of the Cascades they
have been very conservative in their
statements with respect to the nossi
ibilities in this section of the country.
Mukden Prisoners Reach Tokio.
The first of the Mukden prisoners
have arrived ;it Tokio en route to the
Narasblmo barracks. Tiny were
transferred at the Omoii station
around and avoiding the city. There
were no crowds and consequently
there was no demonstration. The
prisoners were poorly clad.
The business men s association is
arranging for a monster celebration
of the capture of Mukden for April 3,
the anniversary of the accession of
Emperor Jimmu Tenno, 660 B. C. It
is planned to have a parade of 100,000
from Hibiya park to Uyeno park, stop
ping at the palace to cheer the em
peror. The exercises will be held in
Land Law Changed.
The lieu land law Ih a thing of the
past. The last session of congress
passed a bill which was intended to
place a check on irregularities in lieu
land scrip, but which has been found
to be a repeal of the law of 1X97 al
lowing homesteaders who relinquish
their land on a forest reserve to ac