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CZAR'S ARMY RESTS
CONSTANT SKIRMISHING OCCURS
Natives Report That Japanese Are
Leaving Only a Small Force in
Front of Russians —Transferring
Bulk of Their Army to Vladivostok
—Linevitch Is a Favorite.
QUBBhu Pass, IS Milos North of Tie
Pass, April 3. —General Mistchenko
has moved forward into close toucb
with the Japanese and keeps up con
stant skirmishing. Elsewhere every
thing || quiot.
General Mistchenko. when he learn
ed of the beginning of the panic dur
ing the retreat from Mukden, though
an unsealed wound forbade his walk
ing, drove in a carriage to his force
and assumed command, which he has
since retained, though he is unable to
ride over the deeply mired mads,
which are beginning to dry.
Native reports, which may be taken
for what they are worth, state that
the Japanese are leaving before the
Russian front only a screen, capable,
with the help of the Mukden and Tie
pass fortifications and garrisons, of
holding in check General Linevitch,
and are transferring the bulk or their
five armies to Vladivostok by means
of a wide movement, through Mon
golia, to Tsitihar. Considering the
great distance involved, the plan ap
pears too bold and almost impractica
ble; but. Japanese intoxication from
continued success, bold initiative and
determined perseverance, must be re
garded. The situation affords an op
portunity for Russian cavalry, which
thus far has played an insignificant
role, to distinguish Itself by ascertain
ing the Japanese intentions.
General Linevitch has ordered the
resumption of drills, keeping the sol
diers occupied in the clay time and
music in the bivouacks at night. An
energetic regime is being instituted.
The soldiers are much attached to the
new commander on account of his sim
ple, soldiery style of living.
Reports that beriberi has been prev
alent among the Russian troops at any
time are unfounded. No case has been
reported. The army has been resup
plied with equipment for the summer,
which the officers especially need,
several regiments during the. retreat
throwing away all the officers' bag
Jap Scouts Busy.
Tokio. April 3. —The following of
ficial advices have been received from
army headquarters in Manchuria:
"Our scouts advanced toward Hail
ung and collided with 300 of the en
emy's cavalry at Shauciengt/u, 30
miles northwest of Seilung, on the
morning of March 28. The enemy,
4000 men strong, retreated to Hail
ung. There are large stores of cereals
at various points between Yienge
cheng and Sanchengtzu. Yienge
cheng is 35 miles north of Hieng
"The situation is unchanged in the
Changchun and Kirin directions."
The Earl of Orford Travels.
London. —The Earl of Orford, who
is moving from Mannington hall, his
principal Norfolk seat, to Walterton
hall, a smaller place in the same coun
ty, is one of the most traveled of Eng
lish peers. He has visited Japan, Cey
lon, the West Indies and almost every
part of North America, and Lady Or
ford (born Miss Louise Corbin of New
York) is as tond of journeyings as
her husband. , Lord and Lady Orford,
among other things, have gone in for
tarpon fishing in Florida, and two
huge specimens of the fish, each one
weighing well over 100 pounds, are
preserved at Mannington.
Russell Sage Retires.
Russell Sage has at last decided to
quit the battle of business life. Upon
the verge of the grave, he will now
take a holiday, and "the street" will
know him no more, save as a memory.
The old family country house is being
put in readiness at Lawrence, on the
Long Island shore, for it has been de
termined by Mrs. Sage to take her
husband there in a few days to remain
through the summer, in the hope of
fighting off "the last call" a few years
at least. Within the past month the
aged financier has been close to death
Sherman Bell Retired.
Governor McDonald has appointed
Captain Bulkley Wells adjutant gen
eral of the Colorado National Guard,
to succeed General Sherman M. Bell.
Captain Wells was military comman
der in Telluride while martial law was
in force under Governor Peabody's ad
The emperor and Dowager Empress
of China decorated Minister Conger
at his farewell reception.
TAKE LIQUID SUNSHINE.
Mysterious Solution for Dr. Rainey
New York. —Dr. William Rainey
Harper, president of the Chicago uni
versity, will take his first liquid sun
shine treatment Monday. The mysteri
ous solution will be administered t<>
the famous educator in the office of
its discoverer. Dr. William .lames Mor
ton. The application of concentrated
X rays will be administered by Dr.
Morton himself, the case being too im
portant to trust to the management of
The distinguished patient will drink
•\ quantity of the greenis.. yellow
liquid known as ' liquid sunshine," af
ter Which he will lie on a couch in the
current of the X ray machine.
The treatment will be continued for
■l period of 10 minutes, and the cur
rent will he gradually increased un
til the patient's body is aglow with a
strange yellow light generated by the
new force. It is this light which is
believed to contain certain properties
tinder which the cancer germ is de
stroyed. The treatment will he re
peated each day during Dr. Harper's
stay in New York, and if found to he
beneficial will be continued after his
return to Chicago.
The effect of the treatment on Dr.
Harper is being watched with interest
by physicians in the United States.
The treatment of "liquid sunshine" is
yet in an experimental state. Dr. Wil
liam James Morton discovered it a
Representatives of 42 libraries iv the
state met in Tacntna Wednesday and
effected the organization of the Wash
ington Library association. The nexj
meeting of the auooiaiton will be help
in Portland the first week in July, at
which time the national association
The body of Volney Martin, who waft
killed by being run over by a loaded
wagon, was buried at Walla Walla on
Monday. Martin was hauling wheat.
While going down a steep hill the
horses became unmanageable, throw
ing Martin under the wheels and
(■rushing his head.
"When that light goes out, your 1 if *■
goes with it." These were the words
uttered by Herman Fisher, a painter,
who shot and seriously wounded his
wife in her home at Spokane, shortly
after midnight Sunday. Fisher threat
ened to kill his wife and commit sui
cide himself if she would not return
and live with him.
Sheep shearing commenced this
week at the Frank Jackson place on
the Pat aha, near Dayton. Nineteen
thousand sheep will bo sheared at the
camp—looo belonging to B. L. Dickin
son, 5000 to Frank Jackson, and 10,
--000 to Dick Jackson. Among Dick
Jackson's band are 400 Ramboullets,
10 of which carried off all prizes at the
St. Louis fair.
STEEL TRUST BLAMED.
Many Wrecks on Railroads Are Laid
at Their Door.
Chicago.—The greed of the steel
trust in turning out defective rails is
being assigned by railway .engineer
ing and operating experts as a fruit
ful source of accidents on American
railways. The cause 1 for increase in
defective rails is said to bo the desire
of the steel manufacturers to secure
economical operation and enlarged
output. This desire has led to care
less, inefficient and less expensive
methods of manufacturing than for
With a view of compelling manu
facturers to provide safe and perfect
rails, and backed by magnates of big
systems, the American Railroad asso
ciation has decided to make a change
in standards of specifications for man
ufacturers of Bteel rails and to insist
upon the manufacturers living up to
Washington A. O. U. W. grand lodge,
Tacoma, April 12-14.
Order of Railway Conductors of
America, Portland, May 9-14.
Washington M. W. of A. state en
campment, Spokane, May 3.
Montana State Federation of Wom
en's clubs, Deer Lodge, June 6-8.
Lewis and Clark Fair.
I^ewis and Clark centennial exposi
tion, Portland, June 1 to October 15.
Events: National American Woman
Suffrage association, June 29-July 5;
American Medical association, July 11
--14; Transcontinental Passenger asso
ciation, June 5; United Commercial
Travelers, interstate convention, June
9; Traveling Men's day, June 10; Na
tional Association State Dairy and
Food departments, June 20; Pacific
Coast Electrical Transmission associ
ation, June 20-21; American Library
association, July 2-7; International
Anticigarette association, July 15-17;
Charities and Corrections association,
national conference, July 15-22; Ne
braska Lumber Dealers' association,
July 17-18; Gamma Eta Kappa frater
nity, national convention, July 20-22;
North Pacific nangerbund, July 21-23;
W. C. T. U., national conferences, June
OYAMA, A GENERAL
JAPAN'S GREAT FIELD MARSHAL
IS A MILITARY GENIUS.
Weighs 300 Pounds and Is Six Feet
Tall—Has Tremendous Foresight—A
Practical Fighter Has Been Mar
ried Twice —Second Wife Studied in
United States for Several Years.
.Marshal Iwao Oyama has earned the
title of . "the Napoleon of the Far
East." It is doubtful if a greater
military genius has yet ootue out of
that strange country.
Oyauia comes of lighting stock, be*
ing of the Stasuina chin and the de
scendant of centuries of iSaninrai. Tra
dition gavo him the instincts of the
soldier, and his education developed
them. The Japanese army of today is
largely of his ( creation.
Unlike most Japanese, the Marquis
Oyama is a big man. He is six feet
tall, broad shouldered, deep chested
and weighs 800 pounds. He is, in his
official realtions, a man of few words,
but in society most genial.
He is a man of tremendous foresight
—always looking ahead and seeing
what will be necessary to do almost
as if he had prophetic vision. He is
61 years old, and was about 24 in
1808, when he took part in the war
for the lestoration of the emperor.
After that war he rose steadily in mili
tary rank, and traveled a great deal in
foreign countries. While ho was min
ister of war he organized the Japanese
army on a modern basis—organized as
it is today.
There are many great soldiers who
are splendid organizers, but not as ac
tual lighters much use. Marshal
Oyama is not one of those. He is a
fine, practical lighter, as his cam
paigns against China and Russia
show; a magnificent and daring strate
gist and a man of great personal brav
ery. He has the valuable faculty of
gathering about him men of high char
acter and ability, of inspiring them
and getting them to work together
without friction. Oyama knows his
officers and knows how to place them
where they can do the most effective
The career of Oyama has been an
active one, both in war and in politics.
His first active service in the field was
in 1868, when he joined his cousins,
the Counts Saigo, in leading the revo
lutionary movement which restored the
mikado to the throne of his ancestors.
He entered that war as a captain and
at its close was made major general.
When the Franco-Piussian war broke
out in 1870 he was sent by the emperor
to observe it.
• Soon after hjs return his cousin,
Count Saigo, rebelled. But Oyama
remained loyal to his emperor and
commanded a division of the army in
the long civil war which resulted in
the death of 20,000 men, including
Saigo. In 1880 he became minister of
war, and he spent the next 10 years in
perfecting his army organization. In
1890 he was a full general, Count
Yamagata being the only other man
with that high rank. He and Yama
gata had joint command of the armies
that went to Manchuria to fight the
Chinese, and when Yamagata was in
valided homo Oyama was left in su
preme command. After a brief but
memorable campaign he took Port
The glory of this campaign was due
to the percision of the tactics, the inti
mate knowledge of the enemy's country
and the perfection of the organization.
Had not the powers stepped in and
called a halt the victorious Oyama
would have swept on Peking. But the
war was stopped and the powers man
aged to despoil Japan of the fruits of
The campaign was not lost, how
ever, for the knowledge gained in it
has proved invaluable to the generlas
who have directed the war against!
Russia. Besides giving them a per
sonal knowledge of the country, it
proved to them that the Japanese were
as good in the field as on paper, and it
also gave them the lessons in commis
sariat that can be learned only by ac
tual experience in warfare.
Oyama'b reward for this campaign
was the coronet of a marquis and the
baton of a field marshal.
What his next reward will be it is
hard to say. He has risen now to the
very pinnacle of military rank.
If Marshal Oyama's military ohra
aoter is interesting, the domestic side
of his disposition is thoroughly delihgt
f ul. Not only is he a fighter, but be is ',
a great patron of the fine arts and one
of the best amateur art experts in
Japan. His house, in a suburb of
Tokio, is externally like a beautiful
American home, with a splendid gar
den laid out in thoroughly modern
Scarcely less interesting to American
eyes than the marshal is his wife, tb ;
girl who was known at Vassar as Sute
niateu Yamakana. Daring the 12
years ghe spent in this country she
lived at the houae of the Rev. Dr
Leonard Bacon ta New Haven and at
Vassar college. She came here when
12 yearn old and when she returned to
Japan was almost an American in her
ideas and ways as any of her school
mates. She was married to Oyama
W»on after her return. !She is a Chris
tian and speaks Russian, French, (Ger
man and English with but little ac
Oyama, at the time she married
hih>, was a widower with thm< chil
dren, BDd two boys and a girl have
been born to them. The boys are
studying at naval schools abroad.
What with preparing comforts to
send to the soldiers tuul ai<atttt| in
the relief of work among the poor fam
ilies left behind, the marchioness linds
little time now even to sleep. Her
house in the suburbs of Tokio is turned
into a headquarters fur relief work.
She has raised a fund amounting to
$86,000, which has l>een utilized in
sending comfort bags to the front.
With other women of rank in Japan,
she visits the hospitals at home.
The marchioness is fond of her home
and naturally is of a domestic nature.
Bnt she is frequently seen in court and
is a favorite among her many Japanese
: as well as her American friends.
"Honey" Mellody and .jerry Mc-
Carthy have agreed to a l! 0 round flghi
before the Spokane Amateur Athletic
I club on April IS,
Following the announcement of Mc-
Carthy on the day he returned to
spokano from the Hutte flgnl with Mel
lody that he wanted another chance
it the latter, ii lias been a foregone
conclusion that the two fighters would
again conic together.
Eddie Quinn and Sol Mayer of the
committee on sports were chiefly in
strumental in planning for the mill.
The bout is to be pulled off in the
gymnasium of the club.
By agreement the men are to weigh
in pounds at :t o'clock <>n the day of
the bout. Marqula of Queenabury
rules are to govern. The conditions,
even to the number of rounds, that
governed the Hutte mixup are to rule
in Spokane. At Butte McCarthy
lasted well as long as he kept the
crouching position In fighting tacticß,
bui wh sn he came oui of the crouch
; Mellody put him to the bad, the count
being taken in the 15th round. Non
residents of Spokane can secure re
served seats for the tight by writing
'•M(iu> Quinn. care the athletic club.
1 IDAHO SQUIBBS.
Thomas H, Davis of Pocatello has
been awarded a pension of $;!() per
month and |900 back pension.
p are arr
Ladies' Shirts, Ladies' Shi
Wool Dry Goods,
I 'if crop conditions.
From the summit of Mount Hood
communication will be established
with the Lewis and Clark exposition
grounds. At eacn of these two points
i detachments from the United States
! signal corps service will he stationed,
.Hill each day and night communica
tions will be exchanged by means of
heliographs, flash signals and other
methods known to the skilled signal
That the state of Idaho now has the
best pure food law in the United
; Stale-; is vouched for by Dr. H. W.
Wiley, head chemist In the department
of chemistry at Washington, D. C. Dr.
Wiley has written to State Pure Food
and Horticultural Commissioner A.
! McPherson commending the Idaho
The state land board has decided,
! through the agency of the attorney
i general, to investigate the alleged
fraudulent practice of land specula
tors in the purchase of state school
lands in the past, with the view, if
I power exists under the statutes, to
| cancel certificates and deeds to thou
sands of acres of valuable land oh
. talned, it is contended, through fraud.
' Sixty thousand acres of timber land,
valued at $1" per acre, are Involved.
The Lewiston land office has re
i ceived plats to township 33, range 3
west, and township 31, range 5 west.
The first is on Craig mountain and the
! other on the upper Snake. The plats
; will be filed about May 1 and will be
open for squatters. The state will
j then have its 60 days prior right to
file before the land Is open to the pub-
Judge Joseph W. Huston died Sun
day at Boise, aged 72 years. He was
a native of Michigan and served in
i the war as a major in the Fourth
Michigan cavalry. In 1869 he was ap
pointed United States district attorney
for the territory of Idaho and held the
I office nine years. In 1890 he was
elected a member of the Idaho su
preme court and served 10 years In
1 that position.
Colfax, Wash..April B.—By the col-
Upse of the sidewalk on the footpath
of the bridge across the Palouse river,
in the heart of the city, a score of
young people wmpMotfdtatsd into the
stream below. LtM than an hour after
the lifelesH body of Miss Mary < >t.shot
('oflax experienced a night of terror
mob M never in its history. When
the footpath collapsed the screams of
the unfortunate could be heard for
blocks. Adding to the ocniusion with
the darkness of the spot and the difll
onltj ot getting the half strangled peo
ple up the Steep banks from the water.
Hut the work of renve was done quick
ly and it was thought completely, un
til the body of the youuu woman was
Bbc had struck a timber in the fall
to the Mater below, and it is believed
had made her way to the bank, only to
wander in a dazed condition into the
river again, there to drown. It WM a
bitter ending to night of music and
pleasure. The glee, club from Pull
nian, after giving a successful enter
tainment last night in the theater, had
walked to the bridge, where the mem
bers, accompanied by other Pullman
citizens and a host of Colfax friends,
were waiting OH the foot bridge for the
special train which was to carry the
Pullman people to their homes.
The weight of the crowd of people
was too much for the trail supports
and they gave away for distance of 10
or 15 feet. Underneath was the Pa
louse river, about waist deep, and,
while not swift, yet moved along mjlVi
ciently fast to frighten terribly the al
ready dazed merrymakers who had fal
len into the dark waters.
Borne of them had collided with the
timbers of the bridge in their descent
uud were bruised aud shaken. < >theis
were in a fainting condition.
The men who had escaped the fall
rushed down the banks into the water
and carried out their friends.
To make the matters worse than
usual, the water main under the foot
path also broke and the mar of the es
caping water, with the whilxlpool
caused by the descending torrents, in
terfered considerably with finding the
drowning people and getting them to
the bank. The drop from thew bridge
to the water is about 15 feet, sutticiiut
to thoroughly shake one in daylight.
In the darkness the floundering was
Miss ()nsliot was a student at the
,jitate college at Pullman. She lived in
* \sotin. She had accompanied the
[fjlee club from Pullman, and was on
•*ior way home. It was fully 55 minutes
fter she whs missed that the body whs
(covered. It whs found about six feet
bove the bridge, while the accident
ocurred on the side of the bridge
j-fown stream. This seems to confirm
he theory thut she must have fallen
Egain into the stream after getting
MASSACRE OF INFANTS.
Food Poisons Kill 455.000 Babies in
At a meeting of the executive com
mittee of the national association of
state dairy and food department! held
in Chicago recently, report! show that
155,000 Infant! died in the United
Slates last year from the effects of
food poisons. Food commissioner!
from different states, health officers
and officer! of the national association
are attending the meeting.
The claim of the enormous fatality
among infants last year resulting from
impure food is made by J. N. Hurty,
secretary of the Indiana state hoard
of health, Mr. Hurty produces figures
to show that 66 per cent, of the total
deaths of infants In America last year
was due to poisons administered in
impure foods and the deadly concoc
tions placed on the market by fraudu
lent food manufacturers.
Renewed efforts toward prohibiting
the sale of food products containing
poisonous adulterations are to he
Czar in Danger*
Ht. Petersburg, April 7.—At lsat the
terrorists have succeeded in penetrat
ing the condon of guard* about the
e/.nr and smuggling high explosives in
to the palace itself, and as a result
there isafeelingof apprehension among
all of the high officials, and the guards
about his majesty hare been trebled.
Colfax, Wash., April 5. — Albert
Nessly, aged 7, youngest child of Mr.
and Mrs.J. E. Nessly, was instantly
killed Tuesday aftenoon. The lad was
riding on the tongue of a "trail" wag
on attached to a dirt wagon, driven by
a man v aiued Nordyke.
South Africa exports about $26,000,
--000 worth of diamonds to London ev