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That eggs decrease In weight diving
Incubation lias been proved by careful
weighing! by 11. S. Gladstone. Tho
average loss of a pheasant's egg fro.v
the first to the twenty-first day was
found to be two drams twelve grains,
and one egg which Weighed seventeen
drams nineteen grains when laid had
become reduced to thirteen drams ten
grains on the twenty-third day.
A striking instance of the change
which the cultivation of natural
science is capable of causing in the
t!ace of the eartli Is afforded by a re
r.ark of Andrew Murray concerning
ll* result achieved by horticulture l:i
England. They have, he said, affected
the appearance of all England. "No
where can a day's ride now be taken
whore the landscape is not beauti
fied by some of the Introductions of
the Royal Horticultural Society.."
There aro bacteria and bacteria.
l>r. Charrln, a French physiologlut,
has been experimenting upon rabbits
with varioua vegetables sterilized by
the most approved processes, and he
bas shown that it is erroneous to de
clare that the less bacteria there are
In our daily food the better. What is
required is to weed out the harmful
organisms from the beneficent kinds.
The rabbits fed on sterilized food BOOD
died from maladies set up by ih.ii
assimilatlon of the vegetables, but oth
er rabbits flourished on similar sti r
tlised vegetables that had been after
ward treated with suitable bacteria.
Much Interest has been awakened
by the experiments at Lyons In feed
ing silkworms with leaves stained
with various dyes in order to cause
tbein to spin silk of corresponding
hu*»B. When fed on rod food the
worms spin red cocoons, and the silk
B'-'ems to retain the color. The expe
riments with leaves stained blue have
boon less successful. Although the
expectation has been raised that this
process may prove of commercial Im
portance, the experiments say that
they do not expect to make any dle
coveries which will affect the indus
try of dyeing.
Hut for their expensiveness It Is
probable that pavements of india
rubber would be largely used in city
streets. That, at least, is the infer
ence tc be drawn from experience with
rubber pavement in London. In 1881
the two roads under the hotel at Eus
ton Station were paved with rubber
two Inches thick. This pavement, un
der heavy traffic, remained in contin
uous use for 21 years. In 1002 it was
renewed, having been worn down to
about half its original thickness.
Lately a rubber pavement has been
lnid in the courtyard of the Savoy
Hotel, London. The cost for covering
»n area of 75 by 50 feet was nearly
For two years an exhaustive mono
graph on a typical lake of Italy has
been in course of preparation by the
Italian Geographical Society. The pic
turesque lake of Bol.sena, within easy
reach from Rome, was selected for tin
purpose, and the studies include the
geographical and geological features,
the rainfall and temperature and sea
sonal variations, the changes of level,
the seiches or rhythmical pulsations
Of the surface and the life forms. The
seiches constitute one of the most in
teresting of the phenomena. These
have a regular period of twelve or tif
teen minutes, the rise of the water on
occasions reaching a foot, and the os
cillations are oflen so marked that the
natives speak of the lake an panting.
The.v are more conspicuous at .Marta
than on the opposite side of the lake
at Bolsena, a rise of seven Inches at
tb" former being correlated with one
of four inches at the latter.
DRAINING THE EVERGLADES.
Wonderfully Kich Section of Florida to
to lie Made Productive.
There are great agricultural possi
bilities in the Florida everglades.
Though they are yet merely un ex
pansive waste of swamp and lake and
jungle, I venture to predict that they
will be the location of hundreds of fer
tile farms within ten years and will
by degrees develop into one of the
most productive tracts of land in the
world. The barrier to the utilization
Of the everglades has been, of course,
the water which covers the greater
part of them to a depth of from one to
six feet. But it has been found en
tirely practicable to drain off the wa
ter. Work to this end has already
been begun, and is being pushed rap
idly. When it 1h completed a tract of
land 160 miles long and sixty miles
wide will have been opened to culti
vation. The size of this region is not
as important as the remarkable pro
ductivity of the soil. The latter Is not
only absolutely virgin, but has been
1 fertilized by animal and vegetable life
through many centuries. I am confi
dent that its crops 'will lift Florida to
a place among the leading agricultural
The project of draining the ever
flades attracted the atteoilon of Hen
ry B. Plant In the early •90s, bnt h«
was by no means sure that the scheme
was feasible, so I, acting under his di
rection, undertook an expedition
through the region. Despite its prox
imity to centers of population. It was
then for the first time thoroughly ex
plored by Whit* men. Ours was virtu
ally a voyage of discovery. We pad
dled our light boats on lakes and
camped on islands that. I have good
reason to believe, hud never before
been visited by auy human beings but
Bemlnolfl Indians, aud by these but
rarely, We underwent so many hard
ships that some of our party wert
compelled to turn bark, but our ef
forts were not in vain, for wo ascer
tained the important fact that the
everglades along the whole 100 miles
of the eastern side are rimmed by a
rock edge. We furthermore learned
that all of the lakes are several feet
above sea level, and we decided that
there .was nothing whatever to pre
vent the water of the lakes from flow-
Ing into the ocean and leaving the land
drained if vents could be made in this
long ledge of rock. The chief question
before us pertained to the practicabili
ty of cutting through the ledge in va
rious places and dredging out outlet-*
into the Atlantic, which Is not more
than two or three miles away at nu
Experiment proved that this work
would present no great difficulties. It
was merely n matter of a great deal of
digging. Henry M. Flagler took up
the project, and it is being carried out
by his lieutenants. We are not only
making artificial outlets through the
rock, but are also, by ditching and
dredging, turning large bodies of
water into rivers and creeks which
flow to the ocean. The work has pro
gressed far enough to enable me to
predict confidently the opening in Flor
ida within a very few years of a great
tract of land of almost unprecedented
Her Helpful Spirit aud Ways Found
Her a Welcome Always.
A clear-headed woman of 80 recent
ly told how her father's mother weul
from Maine to Massachusetts to make
her home with his son's family, seven
ty-live years ago this autumn. She
was so frail that the captain of t±o
small sailing vessel hardly dared to
take her as a passenger, but event
ually found her most helpful iv car
ing for the other sLorin-tosst d trav
"Although they had never before
met," continued the narrator, "my
mother greeted her with the words, I
am glad you have come.' At this my
grandmother broke down, saying, 'I
was afraid you would not be.' Our
family was very poor, but we soon
found her a most helpful addition to it.
She taught me, the youngest child,
how to sew and to read, and did much
to amuse and interest me."
The neighbors soon came to like
tliis aged woman, and to send small
delicacies to her whenever they had
them. The first tomato that her little
granddaughter ever saw came in Lhia
One day the family was startled by
the sound of some one falling. "lt'«
in grandmother's room!" cried the lit
tle girl's mother, and together they
went there, to find that the goad old
woman had breathed her last. •'This
was nearly seventy years ago," con
cluded the narrator, "but the recollec
tlons of my grandmother are anioi:.^
the most precious of life's memories."
This story of the simpler ways of
earlier times doubtless has its count* t
parts now, written over and over tffalE
every day. As the last quarter of ..'i:.s
century opens in 1075, one of to-da\'<t
five-year-olds may then tell, for the
benefit of readers of that time, h', w
she learned that a woman is never
too old to find a welcome if she have
the welcome spirit. —Youth's Compan
"Try to please everybody and yon
will please nobody," is a well-known
truth, and brings to mind the follow
"A man in a forest was building a
canoe; along came a traveler, and tod
him he was shaping the bow altogeth
er wrong, and advised him how to fix
it. The man changed it, and the trav
eler passed on. Presently along came
another traveler, and, stopping to
watch progress, suggested some other
improvement, which the man made.
Not long after, a third came, and also
tendered his advice, which was acc< pt
(d. The man having finished after the
wishes of the travelers, suspended it
from a tree, and commenced to make
another after his own ideas; so when
the fourth tra.eler came along, and
asked why he did this and that, the
man looked up quietly, and said, "See
here, stranger, this is my canoe; there's
everybody's canoe,' (pofnting to th«
nondescript) in tteat tree."
German Soldiers' Trick.
In order to obtain dismissal many
German soldiers have inverted a way
of producing in their ears an appa
rently bad ulce. y rubbing In a mix
ture wh\ch produces acute inflainma
Businers, like jour salary, mi«*
alwajs b* b«tter.
ALBAZIX, THE RUSSIAN OUTPOST, SUMMONED BY THE MANCHU GENERAL TO SURRENDER, 1688.
During the last quarter of the seventeenth century, Russia hud pushed her outposts as far as the northern
tributaries of the Amur River, and had planted the flourishing town of Albazln, which commanded Dearly three
♦housand acres of cultivated land. In ltiNl the Czar presented tho town with a cont-of-nrms— a spread eagle, hold
4ng a bow and arrow In its claws—symbolical of mastery over the Chinese. Next year Alba/.iu was assailed
by a strong Manchu force, numbering nearly twenty thousand, armed with bows and sabres, fifteen cannon, and
many matchlocks. The Chinese general sent In a demand for surrender, written In Mancliu, Polish and Rus
<»x\, and as this was disregarded, a bombardment speedily reduced the town. Tho governor was forced to come
to terms, and surrendered, but received permission to march out with baggage and arms, the Chinese merely
following to see that Russia made good her promise of retreat
Once on w clay they slipped away—
i (I toad so much to carry)—
Visions of shades within the glades
Wdicre dwell the elf and fairy.
My w-aya ran down into the town
Where all men strive for money;
And 1 forgot the briery spot
Where wild bee sucks the honey.
rhen on a day In leafy May
Came to my house a laddy;
And as he grew I foavnd he knew
What had escaped liis daddy.
He takes me by the solemn, shy.
Sweet silent woodland places;
We hear the beat of elfin feet—
i We almost see their faces!
llo! but It's fine so to resign
The dull town's tool and worry;
Aud through his eyes grow young and
Whore no one's in a hurry.
—Frank Putnam iv the National Maga
CHLOE AND THE STILE.
c-7 S we came down the field of
/«\ waving corn on Lavender Hill
Chloe was talking quite heroic
ally of life. Her hair had been blown
a little into admired disorder by the
bluff wind on the heath, her cheeks
were flushed with health and beauty,
and she was mistress and queen of
herself and her domain. For me, my
eyes went from her bright and signifl
cant face across the gray-green oats
i In which we walked breast high, and
back again in serene contentment.
What did it matter that she was pre
pared to give battle to the monster
Man? Let him perish.
The hiWs were ablaze with light, the
fields with charlock; we moved in the
i sun's eye, but Chloe looked as cool as
, a primrose in her muslin, despite the
, heat of her opinions.
"I can't really understand a sensi
| hie man like you taking up v position
like that," said she.
I had taken no position, except the
one by her side, but I defended mysell
"Well, you see, we inherit these pre
possessions and prejudices from our
savage ancestors, I suppose,"
"That's just It," said Chloe eagerly.
"You admit it, then? Savage! Of
course, they were savages. You've
given away your case."
I never really had any case, but I
didn't say so. "I suppose I have," I
"You know it," said Miss Bohun
firmly. "It is quite absurd to pretend
tiiat women are one whit Inferior to
man, except of course," she added
qulcklj* "in regard to physical
"And even then there were the Ama
lons," I suggested.
She cast a glauce at me. "Yes, there
were the Aniazona," she said, "which
"And the women do all the hard
work among the aboriginals," I went
She gave me another glance. "And
that again shows " she began
with less confidence.
"Do you know," I said, stopping in
mldfield to observe her critically, "I
beilo »• that if you only practiced a lit-
WHEN MANCHU FIRST CHECKED MUSCOVITE.
tie you would be more than a match
for a man."
She looked nway across tho corn.
"Do —do you think so?" she said, hesi
tatingly; and added, after a pause, "I
—I don't think I'm so —I'm not what
you'd call muscular."
"Well, perhaps not," I assented, ex
amining her apprailillgly; "but sinewy,
"How absurd!" said Chloe, quite
snappishly, as she walked on. I fol
lowed. The deep, spreading shadows
of the bushes at the end of the tield
"Another stile," said I, cheerfully.
"Dear me, that's the fourth!" said
Chloe, resignedly. "I do wish they'd
make gates between the fields."
"A stile's more picturesque," Bald I.
"Very possibly," said Miss Bohun,
indifferently. "It's certainly not as
"Ah," said I, smiling, "there's one
thing, at any rate, in which men are
superior. They can negotiate a stile."
"Indeed!" said Chloe, loftily. "I
should have thought the feat was not
impossible for a woman." I pursed up
my lips. "Any woman ran get over
stiles," she said, warmly, seeing my
"Oh, I've no doubt," said I, politely.
"It's nonsense your saying that
when I cau ppo you don't believe It,"
said Miss Bohnn. "You're simply
pleased to be sarcastic all along."
I shrugged my shoulders. She march
ed coldly and confidently toward the
stile. It took off a high ground, which,
I suppose, accounted for the absence
of a step. But there were two cross
bars to assist the climber. I thought
Chloe's face fell as she noted it.
"Let me give you a hand," I said.
"Nonsense!" she replied. "I don't
want any assistance. It's quite easy."
She put the hand which was not en
cumbered by the sunshade on the top
bar and placed one neat foot on the
low. St. Then she hesitated.
"Perhnps I'd better take the sun.
shade," I suggested.
She did noi answer /it once; then, "if
you wish it," she replied, nonchalant
ly, "though It's of no consequence."
I took the sunshade and waited.
Chine's two feet were now on Ihe
lowest bar. She peered over. The
stile let down beyond in a big drop
into a kind of hollow or ditch.
"Oh!" said she. "1 didn't " I
was still waiting. '
"I wish you'd go on and not stare In
that atrocious way," said she, with
1 begged pardon, vaulted the stile
with one hand and strolled on. Pres
ently I looked back. Miss Bohun was
seated astride the top bar, clinging
with both .hands to it. Her face was
"Do go on!" she called out, vehe
mently. I went on leisurely. Hut,
somehow, I could not make up my
mind to walk briskly. She did not
join me, so I flung myself on the grass
and pulled out a cigarette Then I
heard my name called in a distressful
voice. I stood up and looked around.
Miss Bohun was astride the top bar
and she was pinker than ever.
"Please come —don't be so unkind!"
she cried with tears In her voice. I
hurried back like the wind.
"Oh, Just give me your hand!" pant
ed Chloe, nervously lifting one from
the bar. "I can't—it's such a long
drop. I can't get my "
"Walt a bit," said I, considering.
"You're half way over now. You've
only got to lift that foot off the bur
"I shall go over. I know I shall go
over," she said, pathetically.
"No, you won't," said I. "''lt only
requires confidence. Imagine you're
on a horse and— "
"Rut I don't ride n horse this way,"
said Chloe, miserably.
'•No," wild I, "but men do; and wain
en are Just us good as "
"It's cruel of you—it's beastly, when
I'm in such peril!" sobbed Rohun. She
clutched wildly for me with tne trem
bling hand she. had disengaged. I
seized it nnd her.
"Now just lift that foot," I enjoined.
Chloe'a weight lay limp on my shoul
"I can't get it free. It's stuck," she
said pitifully. I moved closer, still
with my burden on my shoulder, and
loosed the dainty foot. "Now," I said.
She lifted it gingerly. "Don't mind
your anklet," I said.
"Oh, but I nin " Her foot wont
back. "Shut your eyes, please," she
entreated) I shut my eyes. The next
Instant the weight on me was doubled
and two arms went strangllngly about
my neck. As I have explained, the
foothold descended Into a hollow. I
went down predptately, on my head. I
saw several cornfields and two or three
stiles; also more than one Ohloe. Rut
I seemed content to be there. Miss
BobUD extricated herself quickly.
"(Hi, are you hurt? Oh, how dread
ful of me!" she said. "Oh, please (Jo
"I liked It," I Bald, "and I'm only
hurt in one place."
"I—you frightened me," she said,
with a serious little laugh. "I'm sorry;
is it your bead?"
I shook it aixl s.it up. "No, luekly
I was born thick-headed."
"Your your knee?" she inquired
"Certainly not my knee," I replied.
"Then " Uiloo turned away.
She might hare asked further ques
tions, but she didn't. She .vas busy
smoothing her skirt. "1 can't think
why they make such horrible things,"
"Oh, \>-\t any woman can pet over a
stile," I told her. She made no reply,
bur turned right away. "Please," I
called, "won't yOU help me UpV"
Miss BohUO turned back reluctantly.
I made a face of pain.
"It's your ankle?" Rhe said, with
sudden anxiety. I winced and took
her hand, ond then I was on my feet,
with that hand In mine.
"No, it's here," I snid In a lower
voice, laying thai band on my heart.
"It was here long ago." I drew her to
"Do you always do that to people
you help over sliicsV" asked Chloe, be
tween a smile and a Sob.—Sketch.
I'.r ,Kl-i_' Hi.' NCWB.
"Yon were a long time in (he far
corner of the conservatory with Mr.
Willing last evening," suggested the
mother. "What was going on?"
"Do you remember the occasion on
which you became engaged to papa?"
inquired the daughter, by way of re
"Of course I do!"
'Then it ought not to be necessary
for you to ask any questions."
Thus gently the news was broken
that they were to have a son-in-law.
Farmers say they cannot sell fancy
live stock at bomeftEe neighbors pre
fer to Bend to aacther State, and pay