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That eggs decrease In weight diving
Incubation has been proved by careful
trelghlagt by ii. s. Gladstone. Th«
iverage loss of a pheasant's egg fro.v
the first to the twenty-first day was
found to be two drams twelve grains,
and one egg which weighed seventeen
drams nineteen grains when laid had
become reduced to thirteen drams tea
grains on the twenty-third day.
A striking Instance of tho change
which the Cultivation Of natural
■clence Is capable of causing in the
i»ace of tlic earth is afforded by a re
r'.ark of Andrew Murray concerning
th» result achieved by horticulture i.i
England. They have, he Bald, affected
thn appearance of rfn England. "No
where can a day's ride now be taken
where the landscape is not beauti
fied by some of the introductions of
the Royal Horticultural Society."
Tht're are bacteria and bacteria.
Dr. Charrin, a French pbyslologlrt,
has been experimenting upon rabbits
with various vegetables sterilized by
the-most approved processes, and he
has shown that H is erroneous to de
clare that the less bacteria there are
In our daily food the better. What is
required is to weed out the harmful
organisms from the beneficent kind-;.
The rabbits fed on sterilized food soon
died from maladies set up by non
assimilation of the vegetables, but oth
er rabbits flourished on similar ster
ilized vegetables that had been after*
•ward treated with suitable bacteria.
Much interest has been awakened
by the experiments at Lyons in fee 1
ing silkworms with leaves stained
With various ,dyos in order to cause
tbem to spin silk of corresponding
hnes. When fed on red food the
worms spin red cocoons, and the silk
eeeius to retain tho color. The expe
riments with leaves stained blue have
boen less successful. Although the
expectation has been raised that this
process may prove of commercial Im
portance, the experiments say that
they do not expect to make any dis
coveries which will affect the Indus
try of dyeing.
Hut for their expensiveness It Is
probable that pavements of india
rubber would be largely used In city
streets. That, at least, is the infer
ence tc be drawn from experience with
rubber pavement in London. In 1881
the two roads under the hotel at Eus
ton Station were paved with rubber
two Inches thick. This pavement, un
der heavy traffic, remained in contin
uous use for 21 years. In 11)02 it was
renewed, having been worn down to
about half Its original thickness.
Lately a rubber pavement has been
laid in the courtyard of the Savoy
Hotel, London. The cost for covering
in area of 75 by 50 feet was nearly
For two years an exhaustive mono
graph on a typical lake of Italy has
been in course of preparation by the
Italian Geographical Society. Tiie pic
turesque lake of Bolsena. within easy
reach from Rome, was selected for th ;
purpose, and the studies include the
geographical and geological features,
the rainfall and temperature and sea
sonal variations, the changes of level,
the peiches or rhythmical pulsations
of the surface and the life forms. The
seiches constitute one of the most in
teresting of the phenomena. These
have a regular period of twelve or tif
teen minutes, the rise of the water on
occasions reaching a foot, and the os
cillations are often so marked that the
natives speak of the lake as panting.
They are more conspicuous at Marta
than on the opposite side of the lake
at Bolsena, a rise of seven Inches at
the former being correlated with on*. 1
of four inches at the latter.
DRAINING THE EVERGLADES.
Wonderfully Klch Section of Florida to
to He Mu<le Productive.
There are great agricultural possi
bilities In the Floridu everglades.
Though tliey are yet merely uu ex
pansive waste of swamp mid lake mid
jungle, I venture to predict that they
will be the location of hundreds of fer
tile farms withlu ten years ami will
by degrees develop Into one of the
niost productive tracts of land in the
world. The barrier to the utilisation
of the everglades has been, of course,
the water which covers the greater
part of them to a depth of from one to
six feet. But It has been found en
tirely practicable to drain off the wa
ter. Work to this end has already
been begun, and is being pushed rap
idly. When It la completed a tract of
land 100 miles long and sixty miles
wide will have been opened to culti
vation. The size of this region is not
as Important as the remarkable pro
ductivity of the soil. The latter is not
only absolutely virgin, but has been
fertilized by animal and vegetable life
through many centuries. I am confi
dent that its crops will lift Florida to
a place among the leading agricultural
The project of draining tbe ever
glades attracted tbe attention of Hen
ry B. Plant In th« early '90s, but he
was by no means sure that the scheme
was feasible, so I, acting under bis di
rection, undertook an expedition
through the region. Despite its prox
imity to centers of population, it was
then for the first time thoroughly ex
plored by white men. Ours was virtu
ally a voyage Of discovery. We pad
died our light boats on lakes and
camped on Islands that, 1 have good
reason to believe, had never before
been visited by any buman.belngs but
Bemlnole Indians, and by* these but
rarely. We underwent so many hard-
Ships that some of our party wer*
compelled to turn bark, but our ef
forts were not in vain, for we ascer-
, talned the important fact that the
I everglades along the whole 160 miles
; of the eastern side are rimmed by a
rock edge. We furthermore learned
that all of the lakes are several feet
above sea level, and we decided that
there was nothing whatever to pre
vent the water of the lakes from flow-
Ing Into the ocean and leaving the land
! drained if vents could be made in this
long lodge of rock. The chief question
before us pertained to the practicabili
ty of cutting through the ledge in va
rious places and dredging out outlet-?
Into the Atlantic, which Is not more
than two or three miles away at nu
Experiment proved that this work
would present no great difficulties. It
was merely a matter of a great deal of
digging. Henry M. Flagler took up
the project, and it is being carried out
by his lieutenants. We are not only
making artificial outlets through the
rock, but are also, by ditching and
dredging, turning large bodies of
water Into rivers and creeks which
flow to the ocean. The work has pro
gressed far enough to enable me to
predict confidently the opening in Flor
ida within a very few years of a great
tract of land of almost unprecedented <
. "MY GRANDMOTHER.
Her Helpful Spirit and Ways Found ;
Her a Welcome Always. j
A clear-headed woman of SO recent
ly told how her father's mother went
from Maine to Massachusetts to make
her home with his son's family, seven
ty-five years ago this autumn. She
was so frail that the captain of the
small sailing vessel hardly dared to
take her as a passenger, but event
ually found her most helpful In car-
Ing for the other storm-tossed trav
"Although they hud never before
met," continued the narrator, "my
mother greeted her with the words, ■!
am glad you have come.' At this my
grandmother broke down, saying, 'I
was afraid you would not be.' Our
family was very poor, but we soon
found her a most helpful addition to it.
She taught me, the youngest child,
how to sew and to read, and did much
to amuse and interest me."
The neighbors soon came to like
this aged woman, and to send small
delicacies to her whenever they had
them. The first tomato that her little
granddaughter ever saw came in this
One day the family was startled by
the sound of some one falling. "It's
in grandmother's room!" cried the lit
tle girl's mother, and together they
went there, to find that the good old
woman had breathed her last. "This
was nearly seventy years ago," con- '■.
eluded the narrator, "but the recollec
tions of my grandmother are among
the most precious of life's memories.'!
This story of the simpler ways ■>(
earlier times doubtless has its ccui.lt v
parts now, written over and over r.';aip
every day. As the last quarter of >\.s
century opens in 1975, one of to-day's
rlve-year'-olds may then tell, for the,
benefit of readers of that time, hr.w
she learned that a woman is never
too old to find a welcome if stie have
the welcome spirit.—Youth's Compan
Every body's Canoe.
"Try to please everybody and you
will please nobody," is a well-known
truth, and brings to mind the follow-,
"A man In a forest was building a
canoe; along came a traveler, and told
him he was shaping the bow altogeth- j
er wrong, and advised him how to fix '
it. The man changed it, and the trav
eler passed on. Presently along came
another traveler, and, stopping to
watch progress, suggested some other
improvement, which the man made.
Not long after, a third came, and also
tendered his advice, which was accept
ed. The man having finished after the
wishes of the travelers, suspended it
from a tree, and commenced to make
another after his own ideas; so when
the fourth traveler came along, and
asked why he did this and that, the
man looked up quietly, and said, "See
here, stranger, this is my canoe; there's
everybody's canoe,' (pointing to th«
nondescript) In that tree."
German Soldiers' Trick. '
In order to obtain dismissal many
German soldiers have invested a way
of producing in their ears an appa
rently bad ulcer by rubbing In a mix
ture wh\ch produces acute lnflamma
Bu-loers, like jour salary, mi**
always b« better.
#■ -'. ' '"■'" Mini.yiii. , iliMllHM^w^, ,-.„,,■■■,,.,■, _.. ( |
ALBAZIN, THE RUSSIAN OUTPOST, SUMMONED HV THE MANCHU GENERAL TO SURRENDER, 1685.
During the last quarter of the seventeenth century, Russia had pushed her outpost* as far as the northern
tributaries 01 the Amur River, and had planted the flourishing town of Albailn, which commanded nearly three
thousand acres of cultivated land. In icsi the Czar presented the town with a coat-of-arms a spread eagle, hold
ng a bow and arrow in its Haws -symbolical of mastery ..ver the Chinese. Next year Albajsin was assailed
by a strong Manchu force, numbering nearly twenty thousand, armed with bows and sabres, fifteen cannon, and
many matchlocks. Tin- Chinese general sent In a demand for surrender, written In Manchu, Polish and Rus
«l*n, and as this was disregarded, a bombardment speedily reduced the town. The governor was forced to coma
to terms, and surrendered, but received permission to march out with bnggags and arms, the Chinese merely
following to see that Russia made good her promise ,»!' retreat
Once on n day they slipped away—
(I bad so much to carry)—
Visions of shades within the glad«
Where dwell the elf ami fairy.
My ways ran down Into the town
Where all men strive for money;
And I forgot the briery spot
Where wild bee sucks the honey.
Then on a day in leafy May
Came to my house a biddy;
And as he grew I found he knew
What had escaped Ids daddy.
He takes me by the solemn, shy,
Sweet silent woodland places;
Wo hear the beat of elfin feat-—
We almost s^e their faces!
Ho! but it's fine so to resign
The dull town's todl and worry;
A.ud through his eyes grow young and
Where no one's in n hurry.
— Frank Putnam in the National Maga
\ CKLOE AND THE STILE, j
<—> S we came down the field of
/A\ waving corn on Lavender Hill
Chloe was talking quite heroic
ally of life. Her hair had been blown
a little Into admired disorder by the
bluff Wind On the heath, her cheeks
were Hushed with health and beauty,
and she was mistress anil queen of
herself and her domain. For me, my
eyes went from her bright and signifi
cant face across the gray-green oats
In which we walked breast high, and
back again in serene contentment.
What did it matter that she was pre
pared to give battle to the monster —
Man? Let him perish.
The hills were ablaze with light, the
fields with charlock; we moved in the
-sun's eye. but Chloe looked as cool as
a primrose in her muslin, despite the
heat of her opinions.
"I can't really understand a sensi
ble man like you taking up a position
like that," said she.
I had taken no position, except the
one by her side, but I defended myself
"Well, you see; we Inherit these pie
possessions and prejudices from our
savage ancestors, 1 suppose."
"That's Just it," said Chloe eagerly.
"You admit it, then? Savage! Of
course, they were savages. You've
given away your case."
I never really had any case, but I
didn't say SO. "I suppose I have," I
"You know It," said Miss Bobun
firmly. "it is quite absurd to pretend
that women are one whit inferior to
man, except, of course," she added
quickly, "in regard to physical
"And even then there were the Ama
xons," I suggested.
She cast a glance at me. "Yes, there
were the Amazons," she said, "which
"And the women do all the hard
work among the aboriginals," I went
She gave me another glance. "And
that again shows " she began
with less confidence.
"Do you know," I said, stopping in
midfleld to observe her critically, "I
believe that if you only practiced a lit-
WHEN MANCHU FIRST CHECKED MUSCOVITE.
tie you would be more than a match
for a man."
She looked away ncross tho corn.
"Do—do you think BO?" she said, hesi
tatingly; and added, after a pause, "I
—I don't think I'm so I'm not what
you'd rail muscular."
"Well, perhaps not," I assented, ex
amining her appraisingly; "but sinewy,
"Hmv nbsurd!" said Chloe, quite
, snappishly, as she walked on. 1 fol
lowed. The deep, spreading shadows
of the bushes at the end of the Held
"Another stile," said I, cheerfully.
"Dear me, that's the fourth!" said
Chloe, resignedly. "I do wish they'd
make gates between the fields."
"A stile's more picturesque," saill I.
"Very possibly," said Miss Bobun,
Indifferently.' "It's certainly not us
"All," unid I, smiling, "(here's one
thing, nt any rate, In which men nre
superior. They can negotiate a stile."
"Indeed!" said Chloe, loftily. "I
should have thought tho feat was not
Impossible for a woman." I pursed up
my UpH. "Any woman can get over
stiles." she said, warmly, seeing my
"Oh, I've no doubt," said I, politely.
"It's nonsense your saying that
when I can Bee you don't believe it,"
said Miss Bohun. "You're simply
pleased to he sarcastic all along."
1 shrugged my shoulders. She march
ed coldly and confidently toward the
siile. It took off a hi'. rh ground, which,
I suppose, accounted for the absence
of a step. Bui there were two cross
bars to assiM the climber. 1 thought
i 'hioe's face fell as she noted it.
"Let me give you a hand," I said.
"Nonsense!" she replied. "I don't
want, any assistance. It's quite easy."
she put the hand which was not en
cumbered by the sunshade on the top
liar and placed one neat foot on the
lowest. Then she hesitated.
'•Perhaps I'd better take the BUIV
shade," I suggested.
she did nol answer .':t oncej then, "II
you wish it." Bhe replied, nonchalant
ly, "thou -U It's ol no consequence."
1 took the sunshade and waited.
1 !hloe's two I' 'i w; re now on Ihe
lowest bar. She peered over. The
stile let down beyond in n big drop
QtO a kind of hollow or ditch.
"Oh!" said she. "I dldn'l " I
was still waiting.
"I wish you'd w> on and not stare in
that fftrocloUS way," .said she, with
1 begged pardon, vaulted the
with one l,aml and strolled on. Pres
ently I looked back. Miss P.ohun was
-rated astride the top bar, clinging
with both handl tO it. Her lace was
"l>o go on!" ehe called out, vehe
mently. I went on leisurely. But
somehow, I could not make up lr.y
mind to walk briskly. Bhe did not
join me, so I Hung myself on the grass
and pulled out a cigarette Then I
heard my name called in a distressful
voice. 1 stood up and looked around.
Miss Bobun was astride the top bar
and she was pinker than ever.
"Please come —don't be so unkind!"
she cried with tears in her voice. I
hurried back like the wind.
"oh, Just give me your hand!" pant
ed Chloe, nervously lifting one from
the bar "I can't —it's such a long
drop. 1 can't get my "
"Watt a bit," said I, considering.
"You're half way over now. l'ou'v«
only got to lift that foot OS the bar
"I shall go over. I know I shall go
over," she said, pathetically.
"No, you won't," said I. "It only
requires confidence. Imagine you're
on 11 horse and "
•'But I don't ride a horse this way,"
said Chloe, miserably.
'No," Bald I, "but men do; and wom
en are Just as good as -"
"It's cruel of you— it's beastly, when
I'm in such peril!" sobbed Ilohun. She
clutched wildly for me with tne trem
bling band she had disengaged. 1
seized it and her.
''Now just lift that foot," I enjoined.
('hloc's weight lay limp on my shoul
"I can't pet it free. It's stuck," she
said pitifully. I moved closer, still
with my burden on my shoulder, and
loosed the dainty foot. "Now," I said.
She lifted It gingerly. "Don't mind
your ankle*," I said.
"Oh, but I am " Her foot went
back. "Shut your eyes, please," she
entreated. I shut my eyes. The next
instant the weight on me was doubled
and two arms went strangllngly about
my neck. As I have explained, the
foothold descended into a hollow. I
went down predptately, on my head. I
saw several cornfields and two or three
stiles; also more than one Chloe. But
I seemed content to be there. Miss
Bohun extricated herself quickly.
"Oh, are you hurt? Oh, how dread
ful of me!" she said. "Oh, please do
"I liked it," I said, "and I'm only
hurt in one place."
"I —you frightened me," she said,
with a serious little laugh. "I'm sorry;
is ii your head?"
I shook it and sat up. "No, luckly
I was born headed."
"Your your knee?" she Inquired
"Certainly not my knee," I replied.
"Then " ( 1 |c turned away.
She might have asked further ques
tions, but she didn't. She was busy
smoothing her skirt. "I can't think
why they make such horrible thin;'
"Oh. lint any woman can get over a
stile," I told her. She made no reply,
but turned right away. "Please," I
called, "won't you help me up?"
Miss Bohun turned back reluctantly.
I made a face of pain.
"It's your ankle?" she said, with
sudden anxiety, I winced and took
tier hand, and then I was on my feet,
With that hand In mine.
"No, It's here," I said In a lower
voice, laying that hand on my heart.
"It was here long ago." 1 drew her to
"Do you always do that to people
you help over stiles?" asked Chloe, be
tween a smile and a sob. — Sketch.
Breaking tin- Newt,
"You were a lon- time in the far
corner of the conservatory with Mr.
Willing last evening," suggested the
mother. "What was going on?"
"Do you remember the occasion on
which you became engaged to papa?"
inquired the daughter, by way of re
"Of course I do!"
"Then it ought not to be necessary
for you to ask any questions."
Thus gently the news was broken
that they were to have a son-ln-law.
Farmers say they cannot sell fancy
live stock at home; the neighbors pre
fer to send to another State, and pay