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I Tbc Sped*! Correspondent I
In 1870 the Russians endeavored,
without success, to establish a fair at
Tashkeud, which would rival that of
Nijni-Novgorod. Some twenty year* later
the attempt would have succeeded, and
as a matter of fact tho fair now exists,
owing; to the making of the Transcapslan
to unite Samarkand and Tashkend. We
left Tashkend at precisely 11 o'clock in
As soon as we are on the move I bo
gin to think of Kinko. His little love
tomnnce has touched me to the heart;
this sweetheart who sent himself off —
this other sweetheart who is going to
pay the expenses. lam sure Major Nol
tit* would be interested in these two
turtle doves, one of which is in a cape;
he would not bo too hard on this de
ft auder of the company, he would be in
capable of betraying him. Consequently
1 have a great desire to tell him of my
expedition into the baggage van. Hut
the secret is not mine. 1 must do noth
ing that might get Kinko into trouble.
And so I nni silent, and to-night I will.
If possible, take a few provisions to my
packing case—to my snnil in his shell,
let us sny. And is not tho young RoU-
Banian like a snnil in his shell, for it is
as much as he cun do to net out of it?
Wo reach Khodjend about threo In the
afternoon. Tho country is fertile, green,
carefully cultivated. It is n succession
of kitchen gardens, which Room to be
well kept. Immense fields sown with
clover, which yield four or five crops
a year. Tho roads noar tho town ore
bordered with long rows of mulberrj
trees, which diversify the Yiow with <c
Beyond Kokhan wo shall run duo oast,
and by Bfarghelan nnd Och pnss through
the gorges of tho Pamirs, so ns to reach
the Turkosto-Chinese frontier.
The train hud only jußt started when
the travolers took their seats nt tho ta
ble, when I failed to notice any fresh
Kphrinell Is in his usual place. With
out going as far as fmnilinrity. it is
obvious that a close intimacy, founded
on a similarity in tastes and aptituder.,
exist* between Miss Honitia Bluett and
the Yankee. There in no doubt, in our
opinion, '. t what it will end in a wed
ding as soon as the train arrives. Both
■will have their romance of the rail.
Frankly I like that of Kinko and Zincn
Klork much bettor. It in true, the pret
ty Roumanian is not here.
The dinner lusted till rather late, nnd
terminated in an unexpected manner by
an offer from Caterna to recite a mono
Our train more and more resembled a
small rolling town. It had even its
casino, this dining car In which wo wore
gathered at the moment. And it was
thup in the eastern part of Turkestan,
four nnndr»-d kilometers from the Pamir
plat. . > at dessert, after our excellent
dinner .^ ,ed in a saloon of the Grand
Trnnsas :.* -\ that the "Obsession" was
given with iemarkable talent by Mon
sieur O'aterpn, grand premier comique,
engage! at the Shanghai theater for the
"Mon« ieiT," said Pan Chao, "my sin
cere ecupUmwita. 1 Lave heard youag
"A master, monsieur; a master!" said
"Whom you approach "
The hravos lavished on Caterna had
Do effect in Sir Francis Trevellyan, who
h*ti been occupying himself with enoma
topic exclatuatioiiH regarding the dinner,
which he considered execrable. He whs
not amused. And yet nobody took any
notice of this grumbling gentleman's re
Baron Weisßschnitzerdorfer had not
understood a single word of thin little
mnsterpieee, and had he understood it.
he would not have been able to appreciate
this sample of Parisian monnlugo-manin.
As to my lord Faruskiar and his in
separable Ghanglr, it seemed that, in
spite of their traditional reserve, the sur
prising grimaces, the significant gestures,
the comical intonations, had interested
them to a certain extent
The actor had noticed It, and appre
ciated this silent admiration. As he rose
from the table he said to me:
"He Is magnificent, thin signeur.
What dignity! What a presence! What
a type of the furthest east! I like his
companion less—a third-rate fellow at
During dinner the train had passed
Kastakos Station, situateu in the center
of a mountainous region. The road curv
ed a good deal, and ran over viaducts
and through tunnels, as we could tell by
We enter Kokhan Station at 9 o'clock
hi the evening. The stoppage is to last
two hours. We get out on to the plat
form. As we are leaving the car I am
near Major Noltitz, who asks young Pan
"Have yon «ver heard of this man
darin Yen Lou, whose body is being tak
«n to Pekin?"
"But he ought to be a personage of
consideration, to be treated with the
honor he gets."
"That is possible," said Pan Chao;
"but we have so many personages of con
sideration in the Celestial Empire."
"And ao this mandarin Yen I^oo 7"
"I never heard him mentioned."
Why did Major Noltitz ask the China
man this question? What was he think
Kokhan, two hours to stop. It la
night The majoritj of the travelers
kav« already Ukcur up their aieeyinf
quarters in the car, and do not care to
Hero am I on the platform. This Is
rather an important station, and from
the engine house comes a more powerful
locomotive than thoso which have
brought the train along since we left
Ditto Ada. These early engines were all
vtry well as long as the line lay over
an almost horizontal plain, but now we
are among the gorges of the Pamir pla
teau, there are gradients of such steep
ness as to require more engine power.
I watch the proceedings, ami when the
locomotive has been detached with its
tender, the baggage van—with Kinko in
it —is at the head of the train.
The Idea occurs to mo that the young
Roumanian may perhaps restore out
on the platform. It would be an im
prudence, for he runs the risk of being
■Gen by the police, who move about tak
ing a good look at the passengers. What
my No, 11 had better do is to remain
in his box, or, at leust, In his van. I
will go and get a few provisions, liquid
and solid, and take them to him, even
before the departure of the train, if it is
possible to do so without fear of being
Tho refreshment room at the station is
open, and Popof is not there. If ho was
to see me making purchase! he would
lie astonished, as the dining enr contains
everything we might want.
At the bar I get a little cold meat and
some bread. The station is not well
lighted. A few lamps give only v feeble,
light Popof is busy with one of the
railway men. The new engine has not
yet been attached to tho train. Tho mo
ment seems favorable. It is useless to
wait until we have left Kokhan. If I
can reach Kinko I shall bo able to sleep
through tho night —and that will bo wel
come, I admit,
I step on to the train, nnd after as
suring: myself that no one is watching
me, I enter tho baggage vau, saying as
I do so:
"It is I."
In fact, it is as well to warn Kinko
ia case he Is out of his box. Hut he had
not thought of getting out, and I advise
him to be very careful. Ho is very
pleased at tho provisions, for they are
a change to his usual diet.
"I do not know how to thnnk you.
Monsieur Rombarnnc," he Rays to mo.
"When shnll we be nt the frontier?"
"To-morrow, about one iv the after
"And at Gnehgar?"
"Fifteen uours afterwnrd, on the night
of the nineteenth."
"There the danger is, Monsieur Bom
"Yes, Kinko; for if it is difficult to
enter the Russian possessions, it iR no
lons difficult to get out of them, when
the Chinese- are at the gates. Their o.J
cials wiH give us a good look over before
they will let us pass. At the same time
they examine the passengers much more
closely than they do their baggage. And
as this van is reserved for the luggage
going through to Pekin, I do not thiuk
you have much to fear. So, good night.
As a matter of precaution, I would ruth
or not prolong my visit."
I have come out; I have regained my
couch, and I really did not hear the
starting signal when the train began to
The only station of any importance
which the railway passed before sunrise
*vas that of Marghehau, where the stop
page was a short one.
Heyond this station the road reaches
the frontier which divides Russian Tur
kestan from the Pamir plateau and the
\ast territory of the Kara-Khirgbizes.
This part of Central Asia is continual
ly being troubled by plutonian disturb
ances beneath its surface. Northern
Turkestan has frequently suffered from
earthquake—the terrible exporiene* of
1887 will not have been forgotten—and
at Tanhkend, as at Samarkand, I saw
the traces of these commotions. In fact,
minor oscillations are continually being
observed, and this volcanic action takes
place all along the coast, where lay the
stores of petroleum and uaphtha, from
the Caspian Sea to the Pamir plateau.
In short, this region is one of the most
interesting parts of Centml Asia th«t tt
tourist cnu visit.
The Pamir, or Bam-l-Doutiinh, is com
monly called the "Hoof of the World."
From it radiate the mighty chain* of the
Thian Shan, of the Kuen Lun, of the
Knra Korum. of the Himalnya, of the
Hindoo Koosh. This orographic aystem,
four hundred kilometers across, which
lemaiuexl for to mnny yean* an inumsau
ble barrier, hns been surmounted b/ Rus
sian tenacity. The Slav race a&d th«
yellow race have come into contact
The travelers of the Aryan peopL* have
all attempted to explore the plntMU of
the Pamir. Without going ba^k to
Marco Polo in the thirteenth ce.ifury,
what do we find? The English witl* For
syth, Douglas, Riddulph, Younghu*band,
and the ce'obrated Gordon, who d^l on
the Upper Nile; the Russians with fend
chenko, Skobeleff, Prjevalsky, Grunibt
chexsky, General Peviuoff, Prince <Jalit
tin, the brother* Groun-Grjimailo; the
French with Auvergne, Vonvalot, Capus,
Papin. Breteuil de Rhins, Joseph Martin,
Grenard, Edouard Blnnc; the Swedes
with Doctor Swen Hedin.
This roof of the world, one would My,
Is lifted up in mafic hand to let us see its
mysteries. We know now that it con
sists of an Inextricable entanglement of
rallejm, the mean altitude of which ex
cels three thousand metera; w« know
that it ia dominated by the peaks of
UourouAdi and Kauffmsjsn, tw«nt/-two
thousand feet high, and the peak of Ta
garma, which is twenty-seven thousand
feet; we know that it sends off to the
west the Oxus ami the Amou-Hadia, and
to the east the Turiiu; we know that it
chiefly consists of ' primary rocks, in
which are patches of schist and quartz,
red sands of secondary age, and the
clayey, sandy loess of the quaternary
period which is no abundant in Central
The difficulties the Grand Transnsiatic
had in crossing this plateau were ex
traordinary. It was a challenge from
the genius of man to nature, and the
victory remained with genius. Through
the gently sloping passes which the Kirk
hizes call "bels," viaducts, bridges, em
bankments, cuttings, tunnels had to be
made to carry the line. Here are sharp
curves, gradients, which require the most
powerful locomotives, here and there sta-!
tionary engines to haul up the train with
cables; in a word, a herculean labor, su
perior to the works of the American en-1
gineers in the defiles of the Sierra Ne
vada and the Rocky mountains.
The desolate aspect of these terri
tories makes a deep impression on the
imagination. As the train gains the high- \
er altitudes this impression is nil the
more vivid. There are no towns, no j
villages— but a few scattered
huts, in which the Pamirian lives a soli-1
tary existence with his family, his herds i
of yaks, or "koutars," which are cattle
with horses' tails, his diminutive sheep, !
his thick-haired goats. The molting of (
those animals, if we may so phrase it, is j
a natural consequence of the climate, and
they change the dressing gown of winter
for the white fur coat of summer. It is j
the same with the dog, whoM coat be- i
comes whiter in the hot season.
As the passes are ascended, wide
breaks in the ranges yield frequent |
glimpses of the more distant portions of j
the plateau. In many places are clumps
of birches and junipers, which are the
principal trees of the Pamir, and on the
undulating plains grow tamarisks and .
sedges and mugwort, and a sort of reed
very abundant by the sides of the saline j
pools, and a dwarf labiate called "ters
kenne" by the Kirghizes.
The major mentioned certain animals
which constitute a somewhat varied I
fauna on the heights of the Pamir, It I
is even necessary to keep an eye on the
platforms of the cars in case a stray pan
ther or bear might seek a ride without
any right to travel either first or second
class. During the day our companions ;
were on the lookout from both ends of
the cars. What shouts arose when plan- 1
tigrades or felines capered along the line j
with intentions that certainly seemed i
suspicious! A few revolver shots were
discharged, without much necessity per-:
haps, but they amused as well as reas-'
sured the travelers. In the afternoon we'
were witnesses of a magnificent shot,
which killed instantly an enormous pan
ther just as he was landing on the side
step of the third carriage.
It was our superb Mongol to whom
we were indebted for this marksman's
"What a hand and what an eye!" said ;
I to the major, who continued to look ou
Knruskiar with suspicion.
Among the other animals of the Pa
mirian fauna appeared wolves and foxes, |
and flocks of those large wild sheep with
gnarled and gracefully curved. horns,
which are known to the natives as ar-'
kars. High in the sky flew the vultures,
bearded and unbearded, and amid the
clouds of white vapor we left behind us
were •many crows and pigeons and turtle
doves and wagtails.
The day passed without adventure. At'
0 o'clock in the evening we crossed the
frontier, after a run of nearly two thou- i
sand three hundred kilometers, accom- '
plished in four days since leaving Uzun I
Ada. Two hundred and fifty kilometers I
beyond we shall be at Kachgar. Al
though we are now in Chinese Turkes- (
tan, it will not be till we reach that town
that we shall have our first experience
of Chinese administration-.
Dinner over about nine o'clock, we
stretched ourselves on our beds, in the
hope, or rather the conviction, that the
night will lie as calm as the preceding
It was not to be so. At first the train
was running down the slopes of the Pa
mir at great speed. Then it resumed its
normal rate along the level. ;
It was about one in the morning when
1 was suddenly awakened. At the same
time Major Noltitz and most of our
companions jumped up. There were loud
shouts in the rear of the train. What
Anxiety seized upon the travelers —that
confused, unreasonable anxiety caused
by the slightest Incident on a railroad. !
"What is the matter? What is the
These words were uttered in alarm
from all sides, and in different languages.
My first thought was that we were at
tacked. I thought of the famous Xi-
Tfang, the Mongol pirate. In a moment
the train began to slow, evidently pre
paring to stop. Popof came into the van,
and I asked him what had happened.
"An accident," he replied. "A coupling
has broken, and the two last vans are
(To b« continued.»
Better than Antifat.
Wogginsßlowitz, the pugilist, lost
130 pounds of flesh while training for
his last fight .
Snoozem —Get out! What are you
trying to give me, anyway?
Woggins—Straight goods. His wife
eloped with one of his trainers.
Knew Whereof He Spoke.
"One-half the world," remarked the
party with the quotation habit,
"doesn't know how the other half
"I guess that's right" rejoined the
married man, "but the feminine half
works overtime trying to find out"
The worth of a state. In the long
run. Is the worth of the individuals
composing It*— J. 8. Mill.
TONS OF DYNAMITE USED.
Huge Ledge of Rock Blown Up Near
Portsmouth, N. H.—The big blast of
dynamite removing Henderson's point
from the Plscataqua river has been
■ discharged. The explosion was a com
plete success. There was no dam
Hundreds of visitors came here.
to witness with the people of this I
. city and vicinity the culmination of an
engineering project which has been
, under way for the last three years and
I which has attracted the attention of
' experts in this country and abroad. It
was the removal from the Piscataqua
1 river bed of Henderson's point, a ledge
I some three acres in extent, by explod
ing simultaneously about 400 charges.
;of dynamite, aggregating at least 45
. tons, in the rock beneath the water.
j The hour scheduled for the dis
, charge of the dynamite was 4 p. m. It
was arranged that by the removing
of a switch at a safe distance from
| the ledge sparks should be sent into'
i contact with the dynamite.
The explosion resulting was expect
'■ ed to shatter the mass of rock and
. thereby widen and deepen the water
, way leading to the big drydock re
j cently completed by the government
'at the navy yard on Seaveys' island.
j The contract price of the undertaking
. was $749,0u0. The expense was cov
ered by an appropriation with the bill
authorizing the construction of the
big drydock at the navy yard. It is
understood that the explosion of the
dynamite is the largest exploded at
one time in this country.
Henderson's ledge is a mass of rock
in a horseshoe shape. Around it i
whirl innumerable curents and a tide
which has been the dread of all mari
ners. The swift waters have worn a
channel 45 feet deep in the channel
around the end of the point, but the
force of the cross current has been so
great that for years it has been a men
ace, especially to the development of
the navy yard. 3 With the establish
ment of the great drydock its removal
was imperative. Its destruction will
give an approach 1000 feet wide and
of a depth of water ample for the
greatest ships in the world.
JAPS LAND ON SIBERIAN COAST.
St. Petersburg. — Dispatches from
Manchuria report the landing of a Jap
anese battalion and the capture of a
lighthouse on the Siberian coast, near
Dekastries, a port formerly called
Alexandrovek, 700 miles roith of Vlad
ivostok, after a preliminary shelling
by the torpedo boat destroyers. j
Military officials here attach import
ance to the espisode only in connection
with the Sakhalin campaign, and say
that as the landing was effected at a
place where the straits of Tartary, be-'
tween Sakhalin and the mainland, are
narrowest, it apparently is part of the
strategy of the Japanese to prevent the
escape of the Russian garrison in Sak
halin across the straits. - ;
They add that the landnig is too far
north to have any bearing on the Man
j churian campaigns or operations
against Vladivostok. |
Advices reaching VVaashington, D.
C., from Uruguay, fail to show any re
lief in the aoute situation which has
been developing between the British
and the Uruguayan governments over
the imprisonment in Uraguay of the
captain and crew of the Canadian fish
ing vessel Agnes Donahoe, for alleged
Louis Anderson, a ranchman of the
Cottonwood country, shot and killed
i Andrew Truikka as a result of a dis
pute over a partnership ditch Ander
| son was taken to Red Lodge and placed
; in the county jail.
j While swimming with several friends
in the Missouri river at Rocky point,
Albert Meyersick, aged 21 years, was
drowned in the presence of his father,
i William Meyersiok, and his sister.
Miss Ada Meyersick, county superin
tendent of schools. i
I The 4 year old daughter of Julius La
Duke fell into a hot spring at the La
Duke resort near Lewistown and was
so burned that she died soon after be
i ing taken from the spring.
Forest fires have started again in
the vicinity of Evaro and are gaining
considerable headway. All efforts of
ranchers to quench the names up to i
the present time have been futile and,
as there is a valuable timber belt in
that section, people are beginning to
be alarmed. (
The Anaconda oompany has filed
notcie at Butte to the effect that it had
lowered its capital stock from 1,000 -
000 to $100,000. The move is made
preparatory to the closing up of the
affairs of the oompany. The Anaconda
company is one of the early corpora
tions organized by the late Marcus
Daly, and out of which the present
Anaconda company of the Amalga
mated Copper company was formed.
Take two cupfuls of sugar, half a
cupful of desiccated eoeoanut, half a
cupful of milk and boll all together
for five minutes. Pour out part of
this on a buttered plate to harden.
Divide the remainder Into two por
tions, leave one in the kettle and pour
the other into another saucepan. Add
to this a few drops of cochineal or a
little strained cranberry, to turn It a
pretty pink. Stir Just long enough to
get the coloring to take evenly, and
turn out to harden. To the last por
tion add two tublespoonfuls of melted
chocolate. Cook for two minutes and
turn out to cool. If you have any
difficulty In managing the recipe In
this way the three different flavoring*
can be made separately.
Potato Sulnd With Celery.
Six or eight cold-boiled potatoes,
one-third tlie same bulk of celery, one
egg, one teaspoonful of salt, one tea
spoonful powdered sugar, one-half t<.a
epoonful of white pepper, one scant
teaspoonful dry mustard, two table
spoonfuls salad oil. four of vinegar;
stir salt, sugar, pepper and mustard
Into the beaten yolk of the egg; add
the oil a little at a time, then the vin
egar, lastly the beaten white; cut the
potatoes and celery into sn.aH bits,
mix and pour the dressing over them.
Garnish with parsley or celery tops.
Stew gently the desired quantity of
fruit an hour and a quarter In a p >rce
lain lined farina kettle. When cool,
rub through the colander, or if you
wish it very nice, through a finer
strainer. Have sufficient Juice to make
the pulp quite thin; return to the
range and heat to almost boiling. Tor
each pint of fruit stir in two well
beaten eggs, remove Immediately and
flavor with lemon or any tart extract
desired. Set away to mold and serve
with thick cream.
Shred cabbage to fill a quart meas
ure, closely packed. Put In water.
Heat in a saucepan two level table
spoonfuls of butter, with a little salt
and pepper. Put the cabbage in with,
only as much water as will drip from
the bowl, and simmer for twenty min
utes, stirring occasionally. When done,
add one tablespoonful of vinegar and
let heat. Heap on a platter, and put
mashed potatoes around the edge of
Mix together the well-beaten yolks
of five eggs, a cup of granulated sugar
and three-quarters of a cup of flour
■ifted thoroughly with a half teaspoon
ful of cream of tartar and a d;ish of
salt Beat for twenty minutes, then
whip in two teaspoonfuls of orange
Juice and one teaspoonful of lemon
Juice and fold in lightly the stiffened
whites of seven eggs. Bake In a steady
oven for three-quarters of an hour.
Mock Cherry Pie.
These mock dishes are su^h a snr.
prise to those who have never par
taken of them and a source of a great
deal of guessing for the members of
the family. One cupful of cranberries
cut in halves, one cupful of raisins,
seeded and cut in pieces, three-quar
ters of a cupful of sugar, one table
spoonful of flour, the grated rind of
a small lemon and a few bits of butter.
Bake with crusts.
Glazed Sweet Potatoes.
Six sweet potatoes, one egg, one
half cupful sugar, one-half teaspoonful
salt, one tablespoonful of butter;
scrape and cut the potatoes in strips;
steam until nearly done; remove, cool
and dip first in egg beaten with the
salt, then in the sugar, coating each
etrip thickly; place in the pan with
the butter and bake a pretty brown.
Take a piece of pickled side pork,
fat and lean together, spread with a
seasoning of powdered sage and a lit
tle pepper, roll up tightly, wind a
cloth tightly around it and tie so the
edges will not curl, boil tender in
plenty of water; take from the liquor;
when ready to serve, remove the cloth
and slice. Serve with tomato or cuj>
One and a half cups of chopped
beef suet; three-quarters of a cup of
■yrup; one and a half cups of sour
milk; two teaspoonfuls of saleratus
dissolved in a little hot water; one tea
spoonful of salt; spices to taste; two
cups of flour. Put into a miwlin ha*
and steam for two hours. Eat with
>Upe each oyster dry; roll j n craer.er
dust, then in b«aten cg X , and again
In cracker dust Lay on v platter in
the lee chest for an hour befor* frylug
In d*«p, boUinj fat