Newspaper Page Text
j ; conquest ___ Great <
I American Desert \
jTHe principal features of the Nattou-
TrriJatlon or Reclamation act as
IS stated by Congressman C. D.
nuzer of Nevada, are as follows:
VS pisL *■ reclamation fund In the
„„ consisting of all moneys re-
! The from the disposal of public
i rieation or Reclamation net. as
,iv stated by Congressman C. D.
iraxer of Nevada, are as follows:
* A reclamation fund In the
„- consisting of all moneys re
■S from the disposal of public
Yin sixteen arid and semi-arid
'it, and territories (including Call
* nla and Nevada).
second Investigation and report as
'irrigation projects by the Interior
Jepartment through the geological sur
*eThrrd After the approval of such
,iects by the Secretary of the In-
Lor construction to commence under
Ltracts made by him. No contract
a be made unless the money neces
ary for the completion of the project
i. available In the reclamation fund.
Fourth. Compensation to the fund
, he actual cost of each project by
the sale of water rights, to be made In
j series of installments running over
Fifth. The holding of the public
lands for actual settlers under the
homestead act; holdings to be limited
to small areas, sufficient for the sup
port of a family; no commutation.
Sixth. Sale of water rights to pri
vate land holders, but not for more
than ICO acres, thus discouraging land
monopoly and promoting the breaking
up of large tracts.
Seventh. The ultimate control of ir
rigation works, except reservoirs, by
the settlers under a system of home
rule. This plan will enable the West
to reclaim Itself without calling upon
the taxpayers of the country. It en
tirely relieves the Irrigation agitation
of the charge that it Is Intended to
tax the Bast for the improvement of
the West. The government simply
puts its government lands In condition
for settlement by storing and making
available the floodwaters which are
essential for reclamation.
In addition to the government work
on the use of water In irrigation, which
is being carried on In all the arid or
geml-arid States, the work in Califor
nia, according to an official .statement.
Includes a comprehensive study of the
whole irrigation situation, looking to
the remedying of the evils which are
i checking development along this line.
» The work Is under the general super
vision of Elwood Mead, the expert In
charge of Irrigation Investigations.
The work being done on the streams
and Irrigation systems selected for In
. vestlgatiou Includes study of the fol
I—Abstracts of the records of claims
to water, character of those records,
number of claims, total volume claim
ed, places where recorded, and the ease
i or difficulty with which the validity of
| any claim can be determined.
Rights to water for purposes oth
er than Irrigation, namely, mining,
power and domestic purposes.
— Methods by which the amount
and character of water rights are de
termined, accessibility and complete
ness of the record showing the nature
of the established rights.
4 — Character of litigation over water
rights, its causes and cost, Its Influ
ence on Irrigation development, and
the principles established by decisions
Rights for storage and under
ground waters, how acquired and how
affected by rights to the surface flow
of streams, and the Influence of the
underground waters on the stream's
6—Nature of an appropriation of
water. To determine who is the appro
priator, the ditch builder or the owner
of the land on which the water Is used:
or Is the land Itself the approprlator.
Also, to determine the true measure of
Its amount, the size of the claim, the
capacity of the ditch, or the area irri
"—•The volume of return or seepage
water, and Its availability for being
again diverted, and Influence on value
°f Irrigator's rights.
Size, number, location and capac
ity of ditches and other distributing
works established, and Irrigation duty
The work also Includes collection of
oata showing how water Is divided
among different ditches from the same
stream; how It is distributed among
users; the nature of water-right con
tracts between canal owners and water
users; what contracts have proven
satisfactory; and what forms of con
tracts have given rise to controversy,
and the reason therefor. Facts show
ing rates for sale or delivery of water
* ri(l the methods by which these rates
nave been established will also be
Kate Secretary of State Regarded as
Greatest Diplomat of the Way.
By the death of John Hay th* life of
end i U* dll)lo"mt of the day has
a «l. Not only had he established
l^eif In such exalted position, but
« bad formulated, developed and
«n>Pleied what has of late been
own as American diplomacy, the
res^ meihod of Pursuing negotiations
Bardln g matters In controversy be
* com natlona- 8 successful had be-
PlovL Ull» method that he had em
tw U not only in controversies be
*en tills country and others, but In
Qut er< between other countries when
ttiong arose which only indirectly
Sue!!!* 1 the Int«re »t« of the United
*'*•. la short, John Hay ha* mad*
the United States a factor in the poll
tics of the world to be reckoned with
on every occasion In which, by Its In
terests, the United States can be re
garded as a participant John Hay
was regarded as not only the lending
diplomat of the day, but the greatest
diplomat that ever occupied the office
of secretary of state.
John Hay was born In Salem, Ind
Oct. 8, 1833. He was the son of Dr.
Charles liny. He was educated at
Warsaw and Springfield, 111. He was
graduated at Brown University in
in 1881 he went from Springfield,
in., to Washington to become Presi
dent Lincoln's secretary and later he
served In the civil war. He reached
the rank of colonel and was at Lin
coln's bedside when the President died.
Ho then went to Europe and filled sub
ordinate diplomatic positions nt vari
ous capitals. In 1896 he was appoint
ed ambassador to England.
In the seventies, when Mr. Hay was
acting editor of the New York Tribune,
he wrote fanciful verse of the soil^
which became more celebrated than
his more serious literary efforts—one
of which Is a life of Lincoln, for which
JOHN 1 HAY.
he received $..0,000. Mr. Hay's house
In Washington was one of the most
beautiful residences in the city, and
his library was filled with rare pic
tures and rarer books.
As a literary man John Hay would
have won fame sufficient for the most
ambitious. Ills life of Lincoln Is an
able work and his poetry was of a
high order. Rut as secretary of state
under McKlnley and then under Roose
velt, Mr. Hay brought the diplomacy
of the United States Into the first
rank. His ability was splendidly
shown during the Boxer troubles in
China. Hay alone kept China out of
the Russo-Japanese war. Limiting the
zone of conflict was one of his great
est diplomatic victories.
TROTTING OR GALLOPING?
What Do Fish Do, and Penis, and In-
Recta and Worms?
Here Is a problem for people with
sharp eyes! As we all know, a horse
when walking or trotting advances
only one leg of each pair nt a time,
but when galloping lifts both fore feet
together and then both hind feet. Now
the question Is how other animals
manage this matter. The birds, of
course, flap both wings together, but
which birds run and which bop? We
human beings "trot" when we walk,
and "gallop 11 when we swim— that is,
If we are using the plain breast stroke.
The dog, however, "trots" for both.
Now, do the amphibious animals — the
seals, otters and the rest —swim like
men or like other four-footed crea
Then there are the fish. One would
rather expect that, as they move their
tails from side to side, they would
(lap alternately with the tins, which
are their hands and feet. Who can tell
whether they do or not, and whether
nil fish at all times follow one rule?;
By the way, how does a frog use its j
The great anatomist, E. Bay Lankes- i
ter, has lately pointed out that while
th-) "thousand legs," such as our com
mon gaily worm, advance two feet of
a pair together, the centipeds, which
are much like them, do exactly the op- ■
posite; and the swimming worms also
alternate the stroke of each pair of
paddles. I doubt If many people can
tell on which system the caterpillar
manages its dozen or so legs, or wheth- j
er the adult Insect walks, trots, paces,
or gallops on its sis. How does the
spider use tight?
Altogether this Is a large field for
observation, a field, too where any
one may discover new facts as yet un
recorded, and thus add to the store of
Northerner— you have some
earthquakes down In your country, do
Southerner—Oh, yes, but they're
very slight. When they come we can't
always tell whether It's a real earth
quake or If It's another attack of
chills and fever coming on.— Yonkers
Ijayinit the Blame.
"I want to complain of the flour you
sent me the other day." said Mrs.
"What was the matter with It,
ma'am?" asked the grocer.
"It was tough. My husband simply
wouldn't eat the biscuits I made with
! It." ,
Thai New Hat.
The picture of Innocence! Thafi how
But there was a price on her head.
! All the people could »cc It—' 3.70,
Reduced from $5, It "Id.
—Philadelphia Prei*. ]
Never Judge a man's dishonest/ by
! hi* political affiliation*.
Sympathy for Nebogatoff. j
Japanese newspapers state that
Baron Komura has been charged with 1
seeing that an article Is included in
the peace treaty providing a guaran
tee of immunity from punishment or
degradation for Admiral Nebogatoff.
Vernacular papers say sympathy Is
felt for the admiral who has met with
Russian displeasure for surrendering
his vessels, when, according to Japan
ese naval officers, it was impossible
for him to continue fighting.
Can it be that anyone else
can serve you as well?
Can it be that anyone else
is disposed to serve you as
■N ii ir -• -r r.iumi your money if you don't lib*
£<-' »• iMI-
Charles Henry Treat, who became
United States treasurer recently, is a
direct descendant of Robert Treat,
who for 32 years was deputy royal
governor of the colony of Connecticut.
Mr. Treat lived for a number of years
in Delaware and later in Maryland,
before moving to New York.
It wouldn't cost much to
burn all the money our gro
Your (rarer raturiu yaw monijr U ywa i*m"\ lib*
Bishop Horstmann of the Cleveland
diocese of the Roman Catholic church
wears the most costly miter in the
United States, which represents $10,
--000 worth of jewels and precious
It is charm; but, pray,
what is.charm? It is some
thing that makes you know
you are strong !
Exclusive of the polar regions there
remains unexplored, it is estimated,
about one fiftieth of the land surface
of the globe. Fifteen years ago the
unknown portions were about one
eighth of the earth's total.
There, is nothing that
costs so little, both money
and wore, and that goes so
far if it has the chance.
The modern bullet will pierce the
carcasses of three horses in succes
sion at 550 yards; of four at half
the distance; or kill a man after pass
ing through the trunk of a thick tree.
President Loubet, who has finished
his sixth year in the French presi
dency, declares he will not seek re
election next January.
The moneyback tea Schil
ling's Dust is safe; you'll
Your grout return* your mon«y If yo-don'l lik« It,
(eco no my ]
Hot Air Pumping Engine
Mjß Vv-t Pumps water fnr
E—ftj^JajL house and irrigation,
BB^^V Displaces wiml mills
MUK an HSO''nu engines.
1 vM V-^i"iy Burns gasoline, wood
W mL&J.^^^ "r ' M "HS BU'°
! MM J^k matic slop. Shipped
X LflSBsV on a Pi'" Vftl- Write
/fcj&l^>^l'&V^J fur catalogues a"( 1
BEALL & CO.
321 Hawthorne Aye. Portland, Ore.
V_ Z J
Vashon College A«demy
the belt located school In th 9 norlhwe«t. a
mititary «eh «j1 for young men ami boy*. A
neminary for young ladles. 11" seroinl year
under new ownership opens September 5. 1906.
Write to us, Vash-m College and A<-»deuiy,
titt A TC T'"l 'I ' I \ Men every-
and poultry during spare time. Good channe
f. r a farmer I boy. Addresn box '■-'!. Spokane
vwtric Uirhted rooms ' I'»'< ■ and modern
m.i-. "nir.Tu-e t, . air. All «r«>i e-n tox K_ir |
I laud you at Hotel dour.
A Little Lesson J
In Patriotism jj
it would wem v gtranta eolnddtne*
that prompted Jamei a. Qarfleld to
•ny. in his oration upon tlu> occasion
of the nssnssiim
tlon of President
In Now York, April
14, 1866, "God
reigns, and the
govern meat at
His own assas
Blnatlon was the
not of a cimod
fanatic, striking at
n sysli in of gov
j .\Mi.s a. uAiu 11 i ernment, as ho
thought, through an attack upon the
head of that government Qarfleld was
a sacrifice to his pre-eminent position.
Garfield had served as a soldier In
the cause of the Union In the civil
war; he had boon a member of Con-
Kress of more than usual power before
his nomination for the presidency; In
Congress ho had distinguished himself
as a great debater and as a party lead
er. It baa been said that he was not
a great party leader, because he could
not go to the extent of declaring that
It was "my party, right or wrong,"
that fetish of loyalty that has been
the foundation of so much iniquitous
James <;. Blalne, In comparing Gar
fleld to the great congressional lead
ers, Clay, Douglas and Tbaddeus
Stevens, said of him: "From these
three great men Garfield differed rad
ically, differed In the qualities of his
mind, In temperament, in the form and
phase of ambition. lie could not do
what they did, but ho could do what
they could not, and In the breadth of
his congressional work ho left that
which will longer exert a potential In
fluence among men, and which, meas
ured by the severe test of posthumous
criticism, will secure a more enduring
and a far more enviable fame."
HAVE MOTOR FIRE ENGINES.
Several Kn«ll»h Cities Supplied With
Tills Up-to-I)nte Apparatus.
Steam-propelled fire engines are In
use In Liverpool, Brighton, Plymouth;
Portsmouth and other English cities,
Rays Consul Walter C. Ilamm in a
report. London has now, It claim*,
tl.e largest and most powerful motor
fire engine yet built. It Is of fifty
horse power find capable of throw
ing 500 gallons of water a minute to
a height of 150 feet. It is propelled*
by steam water tube boiler situated
between the rear wheels. It Is heat
ed by a petroleum burner of new de
sign, in which- the fuel is sprayed Into
the furnace. This gives ii hot fire
which can be regulated with nicety.
In front of the boiler Is the engine
with a pair of Inverted cylinders driv
ing two direct innl double acting
The pumps can be disconnected
from the engines in a few seconds
and by throwing Into gear a pinion
wheel the motor drives a countershaft
from which the power is transmitted
by chains to the wheels. Thus the
same motor takes the vehicle to tho
fire and on arrival pumps enough pe
troleum for a forty-mile Journey, and
as a fresh supply of fuel can always
bo obtained at the scene of a fire the
machine can keep going for a week
If necessary. The engine Is steered
by handwork. It Is fitted with single
solid rubber tires and "nonsklds," as
the risk of side slip on the roads of the
metropolis must be taken into account.
A demonstration of this motor fire
engine's capacity was made a few
days ago. First of all was a run up
Blackheath hill. This has a gradient
of one foot in nine or ten feet at the
steepest part and horsed lire engines
go up at a walk with the men on
foot. The motor engine went up with
a full load of eight men, hose and ap
pliances at the rate of fifteen miles
An hour under a full head of steam
and was gathering speed on the stlffest
part of the climb. Its suction and
throwing powers were also shown to
Husband of the Future.
First Clubwoman (a few years
hence) —Men are enough to drive a
Second Clubwoman — Indeed they
First Clubwoman—Only think! For
five nights last week I remained at
the club terribly late, and yet when
1 went home I didn't find my husband
waiting at the top of the stairs to up
braid me for neglect The heartless
brute was In bed, sleeping like a to;
and actually smiled in his dreams.—
New York Globe.
When a man and his wife start tc
go anywhere, says a Missouri paper,
ho tells her to get out his good suit,
fix the buttons In his shirt, get his
cuffs, good shoes, tie his necktie, brush
his hat, perfume his handkerchief and
a few other little Jobs. Then he puts
on his hat and says: /'Great Scott!
Ain't you ready yet?"— Kansas City
The Kmiill Thing" of I A Vet.
"When I come to die," says Michael
Monohan, in the Papyrus, ■'I know my
keenest regret will be that I suffered
myself to be annoyed by a lot of small
people and picayune worries, wasting
God's good time with both." —Atlanta
A man may be as good as hi* word
and still be no good.
LATE NEWS ITEMS.
liellostok. Russia.—A bomb WSJ
thrown In Sourayakala street Satur
day, several persons being killed.
The arbitration commission which
has been considering the Anglo-French
convention relating to Newfoundland,
has terminated its sittings, after hay-
Ing awarded compensation to the
amount of $275,000 to the French fish
ermen who were obliged to leave the
French shore In consequence of the
term■ of the treaty.
A break for liberty by prisoners con
fined in the county jail at Boulder,
00l , was fraustrated by Sheriff Bar
tell and deputies, who fired into tin
corridors of the jail, killing Louis ('in
kus, awaiting trial for robbery, and
wounding .lames Bntan, oouliued for
assault with intent, to kill.
Tho foreign crop reports to the de»
partments of agriculture, just -made
public, iitinuonce that in"the countries
of largest production, the crops of the
principal bread grains can not bo oall
ed abundant, but on a general survey
of the field it seems probable that the
harvest of 1905 will Dot, on the whole,
be a bad ouo. "
Sentences for Mutineers.
As a result of the trial at Sevastopol
of 23 mutineers of tne training ship
Pruth, IB have been acquitted, four
condemned to be shot, three sentenced
to penal servitude for life ami the re
mainder to various short terms. The
court recommended that two of the
death sentences be commuted to penal
servitude for life ami the other two
to 10 years' Imprisonment,
Exports Were Large.
Statistics compiled by the bureau of
statistics of the department of com
merce and labor show that the exports
of manufacturers in the fiscal year
just ended amounted to $643,920,297,
as again $452,415,921 in the preced
ing year, $433,851,921 in the preceding
year. $433,861,756 in 1900, and $183,
--695,743 in 1895.
At a recent automobile meet in Eng
land one of the competitions was to
test the capacity of the chauffeurs to
judge the pace at which their respect
ive machines were traveling.
So much goodness dwells
in a little dry leaf I
Portland, Ore. ,'^Aug. 16. — Judge
Frazer in the state circuit court has
made permanent the injunction pro
hibiting the betting at the Irviugtoi
About 90,000 tons of butter are mad
yearly in Great Britain.
fpfSPEAK FOR THE BLOOD
SPEAK FOR THE BLOOD
(5 Skin Diseases speak for the blood and tell of the acid-laden, poison
ous condition of that vital fluid, and of its effort to throw off and rid the
system of the poisons and waste matters that have accumulated in it. Ec
zema, Tetter, Acne, Salt Rheum, Psoriasis, Boils and diseases of this type
are all caused by a weakened and polluted blood circulation, and though they
may have lain dormant in the system during the cold weather, at the coming
of Spring and Summer, when
the blood is reacting and mak- In 1896 I experienced at times patches on the in
ing extra efforts to expel all Bide of my hands that itched and burned, causing
morbid and poisonous matter, much discomfort I was convinced I was afflicted
they make their appearance. ™th a 6of .Eczema- 1 consulted several physi-
Fxttrrnl remedial ran tint clans. and used several external applications, re-
External remedies cannot C( . ivillJ , but 6 ,. _ ht tempo re ii.^T decided to
cure; they soothe and give try s.S.S., and soon I foumf myself entirely cured,
temporary relief, but often station A., Kansas City, Mo. W. P. Brush.
clog the pores and glands, and
the poison causing the trouble is thus shut up in the system to break out
afresh later on. S. S. S., a purely vegetable blood remedy, cures all skin
diseases by going down into the circulation, driving out all poisons and waste
S-a—^ jfmta^ matters, strengthening the blood, leaving the skin
HZj>* fir**^ soft and smooth, and building up the entire system
by ils tonic effect. S. S. S. cures Nettle Rash, Poi
fcfe^B few|* fesßßjy Bon Oak and all skin diseases that enter the system
***^ **Sar through the pores and glands, as well as those that
have their origin in the blood. Book on Skin Diseases and any advice wished,
without charge, mc SWIFT SPECIFIC CO., ATLANTA, CJU
With a Working, Money-Making, KINDS
Sandwich Hay Press i-™ "
"* 3-2 Hor.«
(THE NEW IMPROVED SOUTHWICK) 4
The Sandwich Beats Them All
Sandwich Catalogue and Our Own Te.timonial Circular TELLS THE SI CRY
Mailed free on application. Address
Mitchell, Lewis & Stayer Co.
206 First St., Portland, Oregon.
Seattle Spokane Boise Medford Salem
t 11 ■ .1 1 -.- THE DAISY FLY KII.I.FK dmitroyfi all the
WHEN writing to v«rtl**r« IMMM I rTW^— -~—^ Hi>-m and afford*
niantlon th!» p»p*r. * WW& lt"*?l"• S# JV*^ ' r/4H0l(^l ' '"I "'"rl Uii'M-ry
— ■ P^^3(Kwsfc«^^*3l iwi'"'"^' ""
Spokana N. U. No. 33 'OS EwjßS^/'y """»' '"wb're
Bdici«y?^ppTnnMi^*i.B pp B^^s3 jr^wKJMM I '"'ni *""' *"'
-BLr 1 r-i.itfh Srrcp. TuUtOuod ''•• H Ton will nerer be without them. ' J" iylh'"*[- Tr?
■ Jfl—, ■ V^m ■'^■■V f£"'ll"l ■mJtI yon will o«v«r t* w.thout U,em. If !.'.Vkei.t*by
S l l »l^rAßLfeJvE3^3 d*»}*n jiont prepaid for a>c. Ilitrultl ttuiuor*.
«(3^y-» in ■■w.^»^»«—i»^» 1-1-.— fjj* ( ittXK'luill* Avc, Urooklyu, K. Y.
Is It Your
.. .- . i • .. ■■■>-!
Own Hair ?
Do you pin your hat to your
own air? Can't do it?
Haven't enough hair? It must
be you do not know Ayer's
Hair Vigor! Here's an intro
duction! May the acquaint
ance result in a heavy growth
of rich,thick,glossyhair! And
we know you'll never be gray.
" I think that Ayor't ITnlr Vltsnr I* the mont
wonderful linlrurowor th it win evrr mmlo. l
liiivi- u>il It fur mmm Hint' anil I can truth
fully mi Unit i urn greatly |.!ou«iml with It. I
elio«»rfully tf«- ■ 11»iin• 11.1 It i* n splendid prep.i
ration." — HimV IlitocK, w ,i\ ihihl. Mich,
A Made by J. C. AVT Co., I.nwnll, Mail.
yB Alto iit,iiiufjioturors of
/-\ 9 SARSAPARILUA.
A. JL ty W / O CHERRY PECTORAL.
Tucson, Ariz. — A bitter family feud
of several years' standing between
George Thompson and J. H. Snyder,
ranchers of the r.ni<' river country in
Graham county, led to the death of the
The two men have quarreled over
their respective water rights for a
long time, and the killing was there
fore no surprise.
HOWARD K. HI'KTON, A««ayiT and chem
| lit, Hjicclnien pried Gold, Hilvor and Lend,
111; Ootd and Milv*r, "!'«•; '/.Ink or Cornier, fl;
yuliH> lent. Malliiiß envelopei and (nil prlce
:l'hi Hem mi application Control and Umpire
work Hoiii'itoil. l/eadvtlle, Colorado. Keler
ence, Carbonate Nation*! Hank.
A coroner in England points out the
little known fact that all persons there
. over 12 years of age can be called up
on as jurors.
Mothers will find Mrs. Winslow'a
i Soothing; Byrup the best remedy to tine
i for their children during toething period
The Russian cruiser Pallada, which
was sunk at Port Arthur, has been
Piio'l Cure i>. a remedy for ruiif I)<<. colds
and consumption. Try it. Price 26 c«Mit<«.
The name of the new Russian am
baasador to Washington is Roman
ryrn Pprmanpntly Cnrwl. Nofltßornervomroom
1 Mlv afUTtlr»ttlay'BiiHf<)fl)r.KlliH>'»On'*tNwrvß
Reati>rer. Send for I'ni) fs'i (rliillxit!li-ancltrcalls«.
Dr.lt. H.KUni-, I, l«l., 931 Arrli St.. i'lll'-ult ipUltt. r«
--e The income of Oxford university Is
slightly under $250,000 a year.