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NO NLtD OF FRACTIONS.
ITnw nniiiy of the countless pupils
who struggle with the decimal frac
tions in their school lessons are aware
that the source of their troubles was
"a fatal book" written by a mediaeval
mathematician at the court of a Ma
hommodan king, the famous and su
perb Al-Mamoun, son of Hanm-al-
Hashld, the calif who Is Immortalized
in the "Arabian Nights Entertain
The name of this worthy—the med
iaeval mathematician — was ICahom
med Al-Khorawuzlml, or BXahommed
of Khoresan. lie lived and wrote in
the early period of the ninth century.
He Is "the father of modern arithme
tic" and was a great "light" In his
time. But his fame Is clouded by one
huge blunder that he made —the blun
der of having stopped counting too
If he had not stopped and turned |
when he counted ten, but Instead had
kept on and turned at the twelve, he
would have started the duodecimal
system and conferred a priceless boon
on humanity. Although lie has been
dead a thousand years, the so-called
"blunder" of the old Arabian goes
marching on. It fs with us yet in the
decimal system—now regarded by the
leading mathematicians of the world
as one of the greatest calamities ever
inflicted on mankind. The extent of
this calamity may be bauged from the
sensational statement of Professor
Archibald MeMurry, author of stand
ard school books, that "The American
people waste 800 yearn' time every day
in figuring out accounts, divisions, etc..
which Involve fractions that could and
would have been dealt witli easily and
quickly if Khoiawii/im! had given us
NEW FOLDING BED.
Hrooklyn Mini Huh Been red 11 I'alrut on
One Of Metal.
Patents are. still being Issued for
folding beds, although they are not In
such demand aa they used to '> r •
A Brooklyn man has secured a patent
for a sanitary, metallic folding bed,
which he claims will revive the de
mand for this style of compact furni
ture that Is really needed more now to
fit the smaller rooms In modern apart
ments. The bed differs but slightly
from the enameled and brass beds now
lv use, the Improvement being In the
method of hinging the head and foot,
Which allows the bed to fold tip In a
small COinpMS, When It Is desired jO
fold the bed the spring Is pulled out
to the end of the slotted plate; this al
lows the mattress to clear the back
brace and lifts the springs up to a ver
tical position and then draws In the
head and foot. When the curtains are
MKTAIXIO FOLIiINU HI U.
drawn around on the overhead rod
the bed Is hidden from view, protect
ing It from dust, and It gives the ap
pearance of a bookcase. Another feat
ure of this bed Is that the housekeeper
may easily get at any part for clean-
Ing and making it up, without polling
It from the wall. All that It Is neces
eary to do is to swing the head or foot
out from the spring and It Is then pos
sible to get at any part of the bed
without reaching over the head or
foot, as In the old way. The bed can
be taken down the same as the ordi
nary Iron bed when moving. It does
not weigh any more than any other
bed. There are no weights or mechan
ical joints to get out of order.
A country girl must be desperately
In love If she respect* • man who can*
not drive ■ horse.
the duodecimal Instead of the decimal
If Khorawaziml hnd not stopped at
the "ten place" In the numerical scale
Ills mime would be called "blessed"
by all the great modern mathemati
cians. But he did stop and now his
successors ns mathematical authors—
nil of whom regret nnd bemoan the
untimely halt that he made—are striv
ing with nil tlu-ir might to create a
public sentiment that will cause the
universal adoption and Inauguration
of the great reform that he overlooked
— the substitution of the duodecimal
for the decimal system.
What success the scholars are to
have In their crusade for "the duodeci
mal" In arithmetic is problematical.
For centuries the duodecimal has been
known In algebra and the higher math
ematics, but what the great mathema
ticians want is the introduction of the
system Into the arithmetics of the
schools and Into shops, the counting
house and all the commercial and trad-
Ing Institutions of the people. In any
gathering of mathematical teachers
may be found a Rtrong sentiment for
the popular displacement of the deci
mal by the duodecimal system.
Deep-rooted though the decimal sys
tem Is In the practical life of the peo
ple, the duodecimo lists are not dis
couraged. They believe they see an
awakening. No less than live of the
most eminent mathematicians In the
land who came together by chance the
other day at the University of Chl
cago expressed themselves as satisfied
that the time Is approaching when tho
public Interests will become so enor
mous that the duodecimal system will
not only be conceded as superior to the
cumbersome decimal system, but will
become an actual public necessity.—
NEItC OF THE SMUGGLERS.
me ant ttuuped craft herewith illus
trated stands oh the Anna at I,llllo
hampton, England, it is no . used
for a dwelling, but In the daj i « hen
•muggllng wns prevalent on tl a south
coast it was a smugglers' boat and
for several yours was very successful
In running the blockade of revenue
cutters. At last, however, It was cap
tured while becalmed and taken Into
port and gold. The buyer put a
thatched roof over It and converted it
Into a dwelling, putting It on wheels
so that It might be moved once a year
to avoid rate paying, it Is at present
occupied by a ferryman and his fam
Grandfather Durgan is 92 years old.
One summer day lit' took his youngest
great-grandson out to the orchard to
Investigate the AugUßt sweets. As th«
old man bit Into an apple he seemed
hesitant and thoughtful,
•'What's the matter, grandpa?" ask
ed tin- boy.
"It Jest occurred to mo," said grand
pa, "that me teeth ain't jest what they
used to be. I must be gettin' on. Now
If I was sure I'd live to be an old
man, to'a 'twould be a pajln 1 invest
ment, I believe I'd go and j,'!t meaomi
false ones made."
Pleasure for ■ stingy Man.
—CloseMst likes nothing
better than to have some fellow ask
him for a loan.
Borrowell —Is that so?
Harduppe—Yes; It gives him no
much pleasure to refuse.— Philadelphia
Out of 111* Own Mouth.
He—Wise men hesitate—only fooli
are certain. —Are you sure? He -
I m quite certain of It! Then Hht
IDENTIFYING JONES' BODY.
The Verifying Examination Scientific,
Painstaking and Coaaclitntloma.
On April 7 the coffin was opened in
presence of Colonel Blunchard, M.
, Weiss, M. Geninet, superintendent of
the work, the foreman, several work
men, and myself. The lid was so firm
ly soldered that It was removed with
some diillculty. There was a strong
1 alcoholic odor, but the alcohol In
| which the body bad evidently been
preserved hud nearly all evaporated,
' doubtless through the hole made In the
lid by the pick and a crack In the edge
of the cotlln near the foot caused by
the pressure of the earth after the
wooden collln had rotted away. How
ever, the earth which covered these
holes VII hard and black, having evi
dently become indurated by the actiou
of the escaping alcohol, so that the
process of evaporation had doubtless
j been exceedingly Blow. The body was
j covered with a winding sheet and
firmly packed with hay and straw. A
rough measurement Indicated the
height of Paul Jones. Those engaged
upon the work had been furnished
some time before with copies of the
admiral's congressional medal showing
his bust in profile. Half a dozen can
dles were placed near the head of the
coffin, and the winding sheet was re
moved from the head and chest, ex
posing the face. To our Intense sur
prise the body was marvelously well
preserved, ail the flesh remaining in
tact, but slightly shrunken and of a
grayish brown or tan color. The sur
face of the body and the linen were
moist. The face presented quite a
i natural appearance, except that the
, cartilaginous portion of the nose had
, been bent over toward the right Bide,
pressed down and completely disfig
ured by its too close proximity to the
i li(* of the coffin. Upon placing the
I medal near the face, comparing the
j other features and recognizing the pc-
I culiar characteristics —the broad fore-1
j head, high cheek bones, prominently
arched eye-orbits, and other points of
resemblance, we immediately exclaim
ed, "Paul Jones;" and all those who
had gatherer about the coffin removed
their hats, feeling that there was ev
ery probability that they were stand- i
i Ing in the presence of the Illustrious
I dead —the object of the long search.
, * • * !
There now took place one of the '
most scientific, painstaking and con-'
sclentloua examinations conceivable
for the purpose of verifying beyond j
■ all doubt the identification of the body
i submitted for this purpose,
j The official and professional respon-1
| slblllty of those engaged In the task, '
their disinterestedness, and the fact
that their established reputations were ■
at stake, gave abundant guarantee that
the labor would be faithfully and im
| partially performed. Twelve Ameri
j can or French persons officially took
' part In or witnessed the work of Iden
| tification, and their affirmative verdict,
■ after six days passed in the applica
i tlon of every possible test, was posi-
J tive and unanimous, and was formal
, ly certified to under the official seals
!of their respective departments.—
! From General Horace Porter's "The
j Recovery of the Rody of John Paul
; Jones," in the Century.
APES AS CASHIERS
W'i«e Animals Are Now Kraplajed to
Test Coin in Blam.
In Slam apes are now employed aa
cashiers. A year or two ago much
base coin was circulated by a clique
of coiners, and the tradesmen found
that It was a very difficult matter to
discriminate between good and bad
money, says the Lahore (India) Trib
one large store Kept a pet monkey,
and one morning be was seen to lake
a coin from the cashier's desk and put
it between his teeth. After biting it
for some moments he threw It on the
: floor with a solemn grimace of dlssat
The proprietor of the store then
handed the monkey another coin, and
after testing it with great deliberation
lie laid It on the cashier's desk.
Apparently the creature could tell a
counterfeit coin from a good one, md
lin order to ascertain whether other
\ monkeys had the same extraordinary
| gift a couide of apes belonging to a
zoo were given the test, with satisfac
tory results. From that day the ma
jority of the business houses in Slam
have kept monkeys as cashiers, and
the gifted creatures have developed
j the faculty of discrimination between
good and bad coin to such perfection
that no human being can compete with
A little while ago a monkey em
ployed by a flrru of clothiers died, and
his coffin, which was of polished oak,
and conveyed to the cemetery In an
open hearse, was followed by all the
cashier monkeys In Slam.
uiiantiy Coiioattte .
Guanajuato, the ruined city of Mex
ico, which was destroyed by a cloud
burst, furnishes one of the ghastliest
curiosities of the world. In one of tho
vaults of the Pantheon are preferred
many mammies ir] I b were dug from
the soli. They afford a curious evi
di nee of tho natural embalming prop
erties of the earth.
"Woman just dropped dead In the
bargain crush at the ribbon counter."
cried the floorwalker, excitedly,
head of the firm. "Our undertaking
department won't be opened until next
ithollc Standard aixi
\\ s have noticed thai if a resolution
and cheerful ,!,„ . trj ,
the rug in the bedro mi, it
! catches Its foot on tb<
FAITH IN SANTA CLAU3.
I esed to watch for Santa Clans
With childish faith sublime.
And listen In the snowy night
To hear his sleigh belli chime.
Beside the door on, Christmas •▼•
I put a truss of hay
To feed the prancing steeds
That sped him on his way.
I pictured him a Jolly man
With beard of frosty white.
And cheeks go fat that when he laughed
They hid his eyes from night;
A heart that overflowed with love
For little girls and boys,
And on his back a bulging pack,
Urlmftil of gorgeous toys.
If children of a larger growth
Could have a Christmas tree
From Father Time, one gift alone
Would be enough for me—
Let others take the gems and gold.
And trifles Unlit and vain,
But give me back my old belief
In Santa Claim again!
I RUES MS IN im I
$* BY JULES ADAMS POWELL. ?]?
IT was the day before Christmas.
I'ame Yarrow stood in the store-room
doorway, gowned in a warm frock of
gray wool homespun, over which was
tied tn ample white apron. Her
white-capped head nodded as she counted
the pies on the shelves.
"Fifteen pumpkin—fifteen tnlnee—fif
ty custard cups and two plum puddings
—eijfhty-two in all, not counting Nan
nie's three little turnovers. I think that
will do for the holidays this year, though
Brother John Is coming with those ten
boys and one little girl. How cold it i*.
There is surely a storm brewing, and I
hope the folks will get here before It
The good woman turned the key in
the lock, and a door blowing open just
at that moment, at the other end of the
pasageway, she hurried off to close it
nnd forgot about the key.
By 3 o'clock madame was robed in
her pretty gray poplin with white ker
chief crossed on her breast, and a dainty
white lnce cap on her brown curls,
which would stray out from beneath the
cap band, and which Pnpa Yarrow slyly
pulled as he passed through the hall
vhere sat his wife and little daughter in
front of the blazing wood fire.
"All ready for company, Nancy
mine?" He caught the little one up in
his arms nnd kissed her on either cheek,
continuing: "And mother, too 7 Why
she looks ns young as the day I saw
l'er for the first time."
Farmer Yarrow put the little girl
down, glanced at his wife, who, with
drooping face, did not respond to his
Her husband, noticing this, bent over
her tenderly, with the words, "Yes, my
wife, our life hns> ben one of great hap
piness, marred only by one sorrow. If
he—-our eldest child—our Henry—-were
alive to-day, he would be a brave lad
"John," for the first time his wife
raised tier head and looked into his face,
her brown eyes filled with tears, "John,
sometimes, methinks our boy may yet
be alive. In the fight with the Indians,
we were told that he was carried away
by them, and eTen though the country
about was searched by scouts and others,
it might be that they saved his life, for
be was but a baby—s years old, and If
there was a woman in that tribe surely
she would have mother-heart enough to
preserve the life of an inocent babe \\h<>
bad never done harm to any."
"Wife, wife, this is very wrong for
you to hope for the return of one who
hns been so many years from us. I am
sure that our son cannot bt> alive, or we
would have heard of him in some way.
Ah! I hoar sleigh bells."
Catching Nannie up again, he turned
toward the window, and coming up the
driveway were Been three immense
sledges drawn by strong horses and Riled
with merry faces, the owners of which
were soon clambering out. The front
door waa thrown open, and Madame
Yarrow's tears vanished in the hearty
handshakings nnd embrace! of sisters,
cousins and aunts.
Even Great-grandmother Hartwell
had come, for this year it was Mary
Yarrow's Christmas feast, and all had
come to make the old house ring with
joy and laughter until after Now Year.
That ni^ht a merry crowd sat down at
the supper table. There, was Brother
John Hartwell, his wife and eleven chil
dren. There was Great grandmother
Hartwell and her daughter-in-law,
Grandmother Hartwell. Mr. Yarrow's
father and mother were present, as were
also his two brothers and one sister with
their wives, husband nnd children. In
all there were thirty-three.
One might well wonder where all this
goodly company were to sleep, but If you
had gone into the K'rent garret you would
have ceased wondering, when you saw
the trundle beds for the little ones. Of
course, the very Rinallest babies slept In
their mothers' rooms.
Christmas Bra the children were al
ways allowed an extra half hour around
the firesido to listen to the stories of
their elders, while the corn popped nnd
chestnuts burned black, or else hopped
across the floor.
On this evening Nannie sat In her
favorite place on Cousin Roderick's knee.
Fncle Tom had just been saying that a
few days previous he had heard that
the Indians had been causing trouble
for the farmers. They were stealing
the hoarded corn and wheat, and in one
Instance, after taking the grain, they
had set fire to the granary.
Cousin Rod saw tlip look of terror in
the eyes of some of the little ones, and
Interrupted with the words, "Well, now,
Aunt Mary, wouldn't it be a great j >ke
If these hungry Reds should get into
your storeroom nnd carry off all those
pies and puddings I know you have
fur to-morrow?* 1
"Are the?' really so hungT.v. Cousin
Bod?" asked a little voles from his lap.
"Yes, dear, an Indian is always ready
to eat one out of house and home."
l.ate that night no one heard the
"pit-pat of tiny bare feet along the
dark, cold hall, as a little white figure
emerged from the attic, and Bew down
•\alrs in the BOOBlight, which tl
the house with Its kindly rays.
She went directly to the storeroom.
At the same instant n tall, dark form.
that had but a moment before climbed
Into an unfastened window, stood trana
fixed with'fear at the figure before him,
but for the moment only, when, with a
sort of grunt, the man moved toward
the pantry door.
Xanuit, beneath her breath, whispered,
"It's a Indian, an' he's come for my
turnovers. Cousin Rod said he might."
She was frightened and stood very still
while the other fumbled with the lock,
which soon yielded, and when Nunnia
saw the man was really inside the pan
try, she turned and almost flew back to
her father's room, where, standing on
tiptoe, she whispered in his ear, "Fnth
er! Father! A Indian is down in the
storeroom, stealin' my turnovers! Gome
He did "go quick," and arrived just in
time to close the door of the storeroom,
and turn the key in its lock.
There was a pause, then a pounding
on the door. Hastily poshing a heavy
table against it, Mr. Yarrow returned
to his room; dressed, mid calling two
other male members of tlio household,
they all marched to the storeroom well
armed, and without much trouble. Roon
overpowered the thief, who proved to
be an Indian, and who mumbled some
thing that sounded like broken English.
They carried him out to the smoke
house, which was built of stone, and
had a heavy iron door. The throe men
watched nearby the rest of the night.
At breakfast on this Christmas morn
ing, Father Yarrow told the story of the
previous night, and Nannie had her full
share of caresses and praise from aunt
ies, uncles and cousins nlike.
Then there wiih a clamor from the
youngsters to "see the prisoner;" so after
breakfast they all went forth to the tem
porary jail, Dame Ynrrow 'among the
The great doors were pushed back,
nnd lying on the Boor was the Indian,
asleep. Hut was ii an Indian? Instead
of the straight black hair, his was brown
Damo Yarrow gave one look, then
turned to her husband, with extended
hands, and the cry. "Oh, John, it is be!"
fell fainting into his amis.
Ths lad wns awnkeued nnd taken to
the house. He spoke English br >keuly,
but could give no account of his f
lile, before he became one of a tribe of
Ho explained his being in the store
room by telling his hearers that his
tribe of Indians that was encamped sev
eral miles above, on the river bank, had
been living on what they could steal from
He had ben pent out on this night,
nnd seeing r window open in the back
of the Yarrow homestead he determined
to eraw< In and view the premise*.
Mrs. Yarrow knnlt before him and
gazing searchlngly Into his eyes, which
wire blue, asked over and over, "Don't
you know me, Harry, darling? I urn
your mother." But he could not be
made to understand. He begged leavs
to return to the tribe, saying ho would
come hack again with Information.
This the men were incline! to believe
n trick to get away, but when Mrs, Yar
row pleaded for him they lei him go.
All idea of church-going was aban
doned, for the first time on Christmas
Day in the life of any member In that
household, and dinner awaited nt the
bidding of madams until the return of
the youth. H<> wns seen coming up the
walk nt 3 o'clock in the afternoon, and
with him was an old Indian.
The following tale they all listened
to with great interest:
"In the great Indian fight of twelve
years before, the little captured boy whs
taken to the Indian encampment, and
given to the care of n young squaw, the
favorite wife of tiie chief of the tribe.
''One day she overheard the chiefs
talking about the white man's child.
They laid he had brought misfortune
to the Indians, as they had lost several
battles since be had been with them. no
they bad decided that the innocent child
"The gquaw had learned to love the
little one. That night she arose, and
taking him in her strong arms she car*
rii'd him away to another tribe of In
dians, who were bitter enemies of her
own, nnd, In order to save the boy's
life, she told the chief of s deep-laid
scheme thai her tribe had planned for
"She asked them to take the child and
keep ii in), till perhaps, some day h«
would be restore! to his "white trihe.' "
The old Indian was well rewarded
with ii loail of wheat and corn to carry
home on v hand slei!.
Then the long lost Harry Yarrow wag
mnde to understand that this wns his
home, nnd that he was to remain there.
The Christmas dinner did not suffer
that night for want of attention, but
before they partook of it, Farmer Yar
row, with his nrm about his son. thank
ed God for this greatest of all His bless
NOTHING FOR FREDDIE GREEN.
Freddie Green he said 'at Santa Clam
was lit a fake an be laid awake hi bed
to find out for sure, an' wen Santa Claul
come In with a whole lots of things n«
hollered right out loud to "Get a hair-cut"
to Snnta Clans, an' Santa Clans Ist picked
up everything "at he was jrolng to leave
an' turned out the 'lectrlc light an' Fred
die <;reen didn't Bet nothing! la says
Freddie Green hain't got bo manner*—
an' 'at's the reason.
An Improve! Diary.
"This," explained the bookseller, "is
our latest patent diary. We think it ie
the cleverest thing in that line ever de
The shopper turns the leaves Idly.
"But I can't see where it is different
from any other," she observes.
"No? Well, if you will look at all
the dates after Jan. 23 yon will see that
In each space has been printed, 'Got ui>,
ate breakfast, lunch and dinner and went
to bed.' That insures a complete diary
for the year."—
The Dawn orctirimmaa.
Christmas day begins in the middle of
the I'aciftc ocean, and there is where
Santa Claus starts and ends his great
and only jouroey of the year.
Disorder attending the presidential
j campaign in Cuba hns led thoughtful
1 people to a consideration of the power
! of the United States to prevent a re
i newal of the conditions of anarchy
that prevailed in the Island during the
last .years of Spanish rule. It is re
called that this country Interfered in
the affairs of Cuba seven yean ago
; In order to put a stop to disorder and
misrule, which produred such condi*
; tlons as brought infectious disease to
our Southern ports and required the
;constant vigilance of the navy to pre
vent those ports from being used as
the base for filibustering operation!!,
Cuba was occupied i.y American
troops, and Congrttfl ordered ,hat they
should not withdraw till a government
jhad been established under a constitu-
J tion which should give to the T'nited
■States the right to 'Intervene for the
maintenance of a government ade
quate for the protection of life. prop.
jertj find individual liberty." The r,,.
ban constitution givei this right to the
: United States, and it is still furthtl
secured by a treaty duly ratlOed and
proclaimed. The certainty that tbl«
government would intervene In case a
grave and widespread disorder h;u
had a salutary effect on the Cuban
politician! trained in the methods of
the old revolutionist*. If they succeed
in holding themselves in chock during
the political canvass which closes with
the presidential election on Dec. 1 they
win have advanced far in the nrti of
aelf government. But, says the Youth's
Companion, if the United State! is
compelled to Intervene to put an end to
the annoyances caused by a disorderly
[neighbor, the Cubans will have onlr
themselves to blame for the outcome,
The President's forthcoming meisagi
Is a matter of concern to those inter
ests that have reason to believe they
will be dealt with. Among those who
show greatest concern are the railroad
corporations of the country, because ot
the President's known attitude toward
rates and rebates. Already these cor
porations have begun to assemble a
Strong lobby. Among other interested
parties are the great trusts of tin
I country whose concern extends in two
\ directions: First, toward the Presi
dents enforcement of existing law;
land second, toward his possible reconv
! mendation of tariff revision. The pro
; tected interests, alarmed by the stand
! taken by the Massachusetts Republi
cans, fear that recommendations will'
be made which will bring up the whole
; tariff question. Then there are the In
: surance companies, which fear some
' suggestion of Federal regulation and
j control. Other interests may be cite*
as being extremely anxious regarding
the President's forthcoming message,
but these are the more important
jOne reason why all such Interests are
more anxious than they would other
■vise be is because President Roosevelt
!>ns no further political ambitions,
This idea regarding the matters above
'•I ted leads to the conclusion that
whatever recommendations are mad*
mi his forthcoming message will look
•o radical legislation; that Is, radical
In the estimation of those Interested.
When the Senators and Representa
tives return to Washington to attend
the approaching session of Congrell
I hey will be astonished at the transfor
mation in the capitol. All the fluei
have been equipped with exhaust fan»
and other apparatus to prevent th«
smoke from the fireplaces going the
wrong way. The entire upper portion
of the rotunda has been cleaned and
painted, and tne,"steanibont paint" it
the sandstone walls has been complete
ly scraped away, revealing the beauti
ful red-brown color and stratification
of the walls. The rotunda now remind*
one of the interior of a Greek temple.
The color of the walls, the graining ot
| stratification of the stone harmonist
: with the historical paintings above,
I while in place of the old gas jets there
have been installed 1,900 Incandescent
electric lights. Old and obsolete plumb
ing has been replaced with nn up-t»
date system and the whole building
has received a thorough washing and
scrubbing from top to bottom.
A singular state of things has com*
about in Alabama. Senator Morgan'!
term expires in l!) 07. lie will be tuen
(if living) &'? years old. Senator Pet
I tvs 1 term expires in 11)01). He will be
then (if living) nearly 88 years old.
Alabama is on the quadrennial planij
after next year's legislature (her*
won't be another until I'JIO. Next
year's legislature, therefore, will have
the electing of two United States Sen
-1 ators. As far ns known General Mor*
\ gaii and General Pettus desire and ex* i
pact re-election. Suppose they are re
elected. At the end of their new term!
(if they live that long) General Mop*
gan will be B'J and General Pettus 94
Electricity is to be put to a novel
test by the Department of Agricul
ture. A laboratory Is being fitted In
the division of pathology for the pur
poM of conducting experiments In the
growing 'Of plants by the aid of an
electrical appliance. The experiment!
nre based on the theory that the
' growth of vegetable matter, which
ceases at sundown, will continue
through the nlulit If proper artificial
light is supplied to stimulate the na^
urul developing powers of the plants.