Newspaper Page Text
Fifty men and several teams are at
work near Colfax on the grade for the
Spokane and Inland electric line, ac
cording to the Commoner. The num
ber of men will be increased to 100,
working in day and night shifts, so as
to rush the work of construction. Two
cars of powder and a complete outfit
of tools and implements are on the
Eugene Brown, of Colfax, has se
cured patents for two devices useful in
the handling of wheat. One is an
appliance for storing grain in ware
houses ; the other is a portable steel
granary which can be set up in the
field or wherever needed.
The curfew ordinance is to be en
forced at Farmington. Beginning
this week all youngsters under sixteen
must be safe at home after dark.
The touch of winter has been gen
eral over a large part of the country.
The winter wheat is considered safe,
but the damage to fruit crops may be
severe. The Snake River growers
will lose a large part, if not all, of
the apricots, a considerable percentage
of peaches and perhaps some cherries.
The railroad tracks along the Snake
have been blocked with sand, delaying
all trains. The wind reversed its us
ual direction, blowing down the river,
thus rendering useless the fences put
up to keep off the drifts.
Excavation has begun for a new 32
x7O structure at Waitsburg. The new
building is being put up by Roberts
and Henderson and will probably be of
W. S. C. Doings
There is an idea current among the
farmers of this part of the state that
the Palouse soil is too fine for any
system of tile drainage. The depart
ment of agriculture at the college has
carried out an experiment which ap
parently proves this notion to be un
founded. A piece of low ground was
provided with ordinary tile drains.
Since the soil has stood a long time
and was in poor condition, the good
results obtained exceeded expectations.
The drain pipes are now running water
and the soil is firm enough to drive a
wagon on, although similar draws not
drained are still knee deep in mud.
The ground will be ready to work as
soon as the high land, while ordinarly
it would not be ready till June. It
would pay any farmer to visit the col
lege farm and investigate this matter.
A visitor to the U. S. experimental
.grass plots just north of the armory
will notice that orchard grass and
meadow fescue excel all others in vig
or and earliness of growth.
C. W. Lawrence has gone to Quincy,
Wash., to superintend the spring sow
ing of wheat in the experimental work
with the cereals. The station has
plots in different parts of the state,
■Quincy and Ritvzille, for example, in
order to observe the effect of different
Mr. W. W. Tracy, Jr., of the Bu-
Teau of Plant Industry, Washington
City, visited Pullman this week. He
is investigating conditions in the
northwest with the idea of instituting
commercial seed growing on an exten
sive scale. He may establish a farm
for this purpose in this part of the
The W. S. C. basketball team de
feated the Moscow aggregation Tues
day night by the cl»se score of 17 to
18. The Idaho rooters came over in
force, filling one side of the gallery
and helping to create more excitement
than has been witnessed in the gym
nasium for some time. This victory
gives the local team the right to the
championship of the Inland Empire,
having defeated both Idaho and Whit
man two out of three.
The play "Charlies' Aunt ".recently
given ben hy local talent, wad re
peated at <"olfax under the direction
of M'sa Perkins, assisted by Redman
•nd Fulton, who had parts in the local
A. G. Green of Pomeroy, has 125
acres of land sown to Fortyfold wheat.
It is a new variety in this country,
sells for as much as bluestem, is a
better yielder and being of a tiarder
kind will stand the frost better and is
thus better adapted for fall sowing.—
New West Trade.
Trespassers who have been using
the Clarkston cemetery for a cow pas
ture are to be excluded. A cash re
ward is offered for evidence.
Colfax voters have authorized the
school authorities to purchase sites for
a new school building.
A movement for the extension of the
city limits is being discussed by the
Improvement Club of Waitsburg.
Tekoa citizens are urging the con
solidation of their school district with
the neighboring districts of Lone Pine
and Seltice. Whether the project is
carried through or not, the Tekoa peo
ple will have a new school building.
Eugene Person, a graduate of the
State College, and now assistant prin
cipal in the Colfax high school, was
arrested by an irate parent on a charge
of assault and battery. It was alleged
that Mr. Person committed the offense
by striking a pupil as he sent him
home. He was declared innocent on
the first ballot.
Moscow has joined the movement
now sweeping the country and has or
ganized a "boosters club." A per
manent organization was perfected,
officers being elected and by-laws
Mr. Samuel Hill, of Seattle, a rail
road magnate and prominent in the
good roads movement will deliver a
public lecture at the college Monday.
The general public is invited.
The annual encampment of the ca
dets will be held at Clarkston this
year, during the spring vacation.
This location was chosen as it affords
opportunity for an earlier encampment.
Cblldren and the Bank Book.
Writing in the Nineteenth Century,
Mr. Charles Dawbarn gives figures to
prove conclusions long hinted jit that
the stationary population in France is
uot tlue to sterile marriages, but to the
social characteristics of the people. The
proportion of unfruitful unions there Is
the same as elsewhere and the same of
the marriage rate, but the number of
families having but one or two chil
dren is significant. To quote:
Are we to suppose that the French are
wanting In the family instinct? No one
who has had opportunities of studying
French "Interiors" In various states of
society could ever suppose that. On the
contrary, no people systematically lavish
more care and attention upon their off
spring. The reason of the dislike of large
families Is rooted In another national
characteristic; —the love of economy. Eco
nomical In everything, the Frenchman
economizes in his children. It is the in
fluence of the bank book that affects the
population curve. A series of remarkable
investigations undertaken In Scandinavian
countries and afterward extended to
France prove most conclusively that the
birth rate is in direct relation with the
economical spirit of the people. Where
the spirit of saving Is most highly devel
oped there families are most restricted.
French parents think that they fall la
their duty If they do not set their chil
dren up lv business and leave them
something to keep by for a rainy day.
For the mass this Is a life problem,
and every newcomer in the family
adds another stocking to be filled as
well as another mouth to feed.
The protest by the League of Amer
ican Sportsmen against the automatic
gun, which kills a whole nock of birds
at one shot, would have a truer ring
if the gentlemen behind It were not
themselves guilty of what they con
demn as a vice In others. Killing is
killing whether the victims fall in
groups or one by one. The sportsmen
want ta preserve the bird species to
prolong their pleasure In killing. In
cidentally they limy remove some farm
pests, but the method is not nobler
than the wholesale slaughter which
may be done to preserve crops.
Statements are being made that Misa
Roosevelt on the occasion of her mar
riage will receive many presents from
the rulers of foreign governments. If
the offerings were wholly spontaneous
and nonofflcial it would be hard to re
fuse them, but if they take the form
of an international recognition of the
match President Roosevelt, in the in
terest of American simplicity, may feel
obliged to call a halt
Where revert? la Unknown, '
Beggars and tramp* are Mklota «mb
Is Denmark, and the sham* and scan
-I*l of the unemployed > are unknown
mere, according to 'Wilson Carlisle,
founder of the Church Army of Ens- ;
(and. The Danes divide the unemploy- ]
ed into three classes and in this way
separate the real unfortunates from <
the degenerates and willfully Idle. The
aged poor of spotless character in Den
mark do not, strictly speaking, come
within the poor law at all, but are In
effect pensioners of the state, . and
their position Involves no social dis
honor or loss of civil rights.
For the pensioners who have no sep
arate homes there are maintained in
the cities of Denmark comfortable in- i
stitutions where married and single \
people are provided for, even to the |
extent of free entertainment in a thea- ■
ter and music hall. They are not re- j
quired to work and are free to go In
and out at will. The aged poor whoso
poverty Is their own fault are provided
for In a "hospital," where they are re
quired to work according to their pow
ers. These lose their franchise and are
restrained of their liberty. However,
their earnings over and above cost of j
maintenance them in cash. Den- j
mark's third class of poor— the beggars |
and drunkards—ate saved from starva
tion and crime in reformatory colonies,
where they are required to work at I
gardening, forestry and manual trades '
for the state, but on a wage scale
which makes the best of them in a
sense independent and ambitious. The j
Danish system is not an experiment,
but has long been In existence, insur
ing a degree of happiness to the deserv
ing poor and reclaiming or restraining i
the worthless and idle classes.
To Get In Touch With the People.
Those American schoolteachers who
lean toward the trades union idea for
members of their profession will watch
with interest a similar movement in i
France and Italy which, in spite of
efforts in high places to discourage it, ■
is waxing in importance. Government \
opposition to tho formation of teach- ;
ers' unions In connection with labor
unions in France is said to have merely
fanned the fires.
In France the aim of the teachers is
to amalgamate their interests with
those of the Social Democrats, and
their appeal has in it the ring of true
progress. "We wish to become mem
bers of the labor unions," the teachers
declare, "in order to learn their doc
trine of social ethics; also to manifest
our social consciousness. We have the
highest conception of the labor union,
and this seems to us not only created
to defend the direct Interests of its
members, but also to extend the soda]
action of the members beyond the lim
its of the union Into those of society
In general." These educators also make
the claim that by affiliating with the
workmen they will "be able to learn
the moral and intellectual needs of the
people, and with their help we shall
arrange our programme and methods."
This is radical talk for Europe, where
instruction Is controlled by the state
and teachers have been looked upon
as a class of government officials.
A Tux on Ideals.
Tljls is the Chicago Tribune's sum
mary of its objection* to continuing
the tariff on works of art:
The tariff on art does not produce reve
nue, it does not protect art, it docs not
protect the artist, it does not protect the
public. It burdens the generous, it is a tax
on ideals, It keeps from the people pos
sessions to which they have ti right it
robs the penniless student of the sight of
masterpieces which would be an inspira
tion to him. It is wholly bad.
A trifle over forty-five years ago
she—the daughter of a United States
senator and a descendant of Randolph
of Roanoke—danced with Prince Al
bert Edward of Wales when he visited
this country. In her garrulous days
the former belle never told of her
youthful triumph with the man now
at the head of the British empire, but
the truth was discovered the other
day when she—a match peddler in a
southern city—died In the abject pov
erty and misery which had been her lot
The Journal of Commerce observes
that the collapse of Russian credit,
which seems to be feared, would shake
the whole financial fabric of the world,
and the close relations of this country
with money centers of Europe would
deeply involve us with the calamity.
In that case the good offices of the
United States in the peace crisis of
1905 were well timed for more reasons
The veterans of the famous Wash
ington artillery subscribed generously
to present the United States battleship
Louisiana with a silver service. Time
was that these same men would have
gladly opened fire upon a warship fly
ing the stars and stripes. But times
have changed, and men change with
A New York lawyer lost his mind
upon inheriting |2,000,000. He knew
too well the legal problem he vas up
against In trying to prevent the will
The great question in the case of H.
H. Kogers Is not "Where did he get
Itr bat "How much baa her
Journalism and Kxploratlon.
Walter Wellman's " aerial trip la
tearch of th« north pole, with the back-
Ing of a newspaper, has good prece
lenta In the field of journal tie ex
ploration*. Stanley found Livingstone
In Dm heart of darkest Africa for th«
New York Herald, and that was the
beginning of great enterprises backed
by newspapers in emergencies where
Jther resource? were wanting.
Over thirty years .'go an attempt tc
explore the upper air currents for a
key to aerial navigation was backed '
by a newspaper, the New York Dally ,
Graphic, then a new venture and much
In need of an advertising boom. In )
the first year of Its publication the L
Graphic financed an ascension at New ■
York, directed by Washington Donald- .
son, for tho purpose of testing the theo- [
ry which the aged aeronaut, John Wise, '
had advocated almost half a century. |
Wise believed that there is an air cur- j
rent moving eastward which] would i
carry a balloon to Europe, and onco he !
sailed from st. Louis to Jefferson coon
ty, N. V., in the path of this alleged I
current, lie tried In vain to get the I
government and various scientific bod- j
ics to finance his scheme of crossing I
the Atlantic, and finally tno Graphic ,
took it up. The ascension was a fall- '
urc, but had results justified the hope '
of the aeronaut the company would '
have supplied funds for further experi
The Herald was well advertised by
Stanley's wonderful expedition in
search of Livingstone, yet the project \
was undertaken in a serious spirit and : |
carried out with dignity. It made an' |
explorer out of a Journalist and ac
celerated the opening up of darkest
Africa to civilization. In nil second
expedition, which was to the lake re
gion of equatorial Africa, Stanley was
financed by the New York Herald and
London Dally Telegraph Jointly. Some
years later, when the novelty of ex
ploration had as an advertising me
dium been dulled, at least for the
New York Herald, the younger Bennett
fitted out the ill starred Do Long expe
dition to explore the farthest north.
Sleep and Snap.
The up to date scientist has opened
fire upon another time honored tradi
tion by declaring that the sleepy head
Is not the one who sleeps too much.
One British physiologist has declared
that growing school children need much
sleep, and several prominent physicians
have united in an appeal to the public
to let the young, especially the boys,
sleep. They say ■ that the "early to
bed" part of the popular axiom is too
often lost sight of, and parents lay too
great stress upon the "early to rise"
end as a maker of health, wealth and.
The physiological side is that too llt-
Ile steep lessens a boy's power of fix
ing attention on work and causes slack
ness and weariness iu^games. Nine to
ten hours' sleep is declared essential
for the average boy of thirteen to six
teen yean of ago if be is expected to
be bright and awake as his father and
teacher would have him. The lying
in bed part can bo safely left with the
boy, but the early going to bed and to
sleep may call for parental interfer
ence, although It Is doubtful If the
strap would operate as a soporific. Sick
people may sleep themselves well, and
the weak may sleep themselves strong.
A boy is a growing animal, and most
animals sleep much.
Somebody of the arithmetical tend
ency figured out that Count Witte
will have to raise $1,260,000,000 to run
Russia this year. He will probably be
able to do It. The impression, gained
by short cuts In thinking, that Russia
has been demolished Is a wrong one.
There are bad tilings in her govern
ment, but there is a great deal that is
pernicious in the opposition to it. The
army Is true to the csar, and the people
will probably get as liberal a system
of government as the revolters will ac
cept. If they reject overtures the bay
onet will play a part again.
It is said of Marshall Field that none
took more precautions than he against
unguarded exposure to taking cold.
Whenever entering a room from the
open air, In any season but summer, It
was his invariable rule to remove his
overcoat even If for only a stay of a
few minutes. It was the Irony of fate
that, after all, he should die of pneu
monia, as that Edward Atkinson, the
apostle of simple living, should have
died of acute indigestion.
War on a large se«le has not become
much more costly than it was fifty
years ago. Russia's scrap with Japan
cost her a trifle over a billion dollars j
in a year and a half. It cost the Unit- !
ed States about $4,000,000,0)0 to coil- j
quer the south, and the conflict lasted
The silver wedding of Emperor Wil
liam will be celebrat**! on Feb. 27,
and they say the kaiser haa decided to i
make this an occasion for a grand
world assuring gesture of peace, cju
ciliation and good will to all.
There are 070 employees in the de
partments at Washington who have
reached the age of seventy. One of
the veteran* is a woman who is i ut
CITY MEAT MARKET
Fresh and Cured Meats
Fish and Game in Season
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5 Gum Hoots, Rolled edge 4.25 3.75 "Hi?'
I? Men's Ottawa's [ 3.00 2-65 P I
German Sox 1.25 1.00 fsjH
£= All Rubber Shoes 2.00 1.50 &L I
P Men's 2 Buckle Arties 2.75 2.25 f% •
g Men's 1 Buckle Snow Excluders... 2.50 2-00 ®4
Men's 1 Buckle Arties 2.00 1.50 SI
Genuine Bear Skin Gloves 2.50 2.00 (P I
51 Lined Gloves, Seal Skin Cuffs 2.25 1.75
% Flannel Shirts 1.25 .95 W.
|| Yarn Mittens, wind water proof. 65 .45 s|| 1
Jj*i Men's Caps 85 .65 %''
g Men's Caps 75 .55 M
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