Newspaper Page Text
Records of Whitman County
SATURDAY, JAN. 4,1 ill 2
E. J. Slgmon to W. S. McCall, lots
2, 3, 4, fractional blk 6, Prescott
and Perkins Riverside add, Colfax,
Trustees of LaCrosse Lodge No.
223, 1. O. 0. ¥ to M. B. Schreck, lot
21. LaCrosse cemetery, ISO.
Thos. W. Walters et ux. to Oscar
H. Koch, pt neq 15-16-43. $1000.
Lewis F. Eccles Ot al. to »i,*<>
Grant, pt 32**15-45, $500.
Fabian B. Dodda, trustee, to
Harry E. Jordan, lots 10, 11, 12, blk
21, Ewan, $1800.
Thos. H. Ellis et ux. to Commer
cial State Bank, seq 3-1.-4 3, $4.00.
Mitchell E. Taylor et ux. to Wm.
H. Mumford, tract in swq seq 20-17
Oscar Koch et ux. 10 1. V. Moller,
tract In neq 15-16-43, $".0.
Isaac Thompson et ux. to W. S.
Pritchard, lot S, blk 8, Reaney's 2nd
add, Pullman, $1100.
T. J. Brown et al. to Harvey ami
Regan, live stock, hack, etc., $74.
Kate Shaw to Pullman Mill Co.,
live stock, etc., $150.
Security State Bank to A. J.
Breeding et ux , real mtg.
H. W. Sampson to Oliver R.
Thompson et al., real mtg.
W. J. Davidson to Robt Kilpat
rick et ux., real mtg.
J. H. Klmbrough to J. W. Bra
Chas. N. Stilson to Daniel Green,
MONDAY, JAN. 6, 1912
Anna M. Chamberlin, admix., to
RoL.t. L. Fineher, pt nh 18-14-41,
Sidney W. Stroup to J. B. Siebert,
lot 9. blk 24, Farr's add, Pullman.
S. M. MtCroskey and wife to Em
ily E. Moulton, wh lot 3, blk 19,
Wiley's 2nd add, Palouse, $1.
Nettle S. Ramsey and husband to
Wm. Lawson, lots 7, 8, 9, blk 3,
Louisa J. Hlbbs to B. T. Man
chester et al., lots 1, 2, blk 19, Gar
Lillian Disney to W. A. Disney,
tract in Garfield, $1.
John P. Klein to Herman Strlblch.
lot 3, blk 10, Colton, $1.
Albert A. Evans and wife to King
County Trading Co., lot 18, blk in,
Adam Thompson and wife to King
County Trading Co., lot 18. blk 16,
Cora L. Hartwell and husband to
Albert A. Evans, lot 18, blk 16, Mai
Real Mortgages '
Henry F. Troub and wife to
Lewis Neace, land In Whitman and
Adams county, $35,000.
Chester F. Anderson to Pullman
Savings and Loan Ass'n., lots 9, 10,
blk 15, Reaney's 2nd add, Pullman,
Robt. L. Fineher and wife to First
Savings and Trust bank, swq 6-14
Robt. L. Fineher and wife to First
Savings and Trust bank, pt 18-14-4 1,
Oliver Wlllßon et al. to Farmers
Implement Co., live stock, $75.
James Paullus to J. B. Sanborn,
live stock, etc., $326.
H. G. Earney to J. A. Hargrave,
live stock, etc., $325.
H. G. Earney to J. A. Hargrave,
live stock, $40.
H. F. Troub to Colfax National
bank, live stock, etc., $5000.
M. E. Askins to Colfax National
bank, live stock, $400.
Western and Hawaiian Investment
Co. to L. J. Coberly and wife, real
Traders National Bank to H. F.
Troub, real mtg.
Michael Thee to Geo. Slttner and
wife, real mtg.
Farmers State Bank of Johnson to
E. E. Morris, two chats.
Frank Hanna to Jack Ruedy, chat.
Colfax National bank to 11. F.
Bills of Sale
Thos. McCorkle to Wm. Harrison
et al., engine, saw, etc., $1.
Thos. Baron to W. Harrison et al.,'
engine, saw, etc., $1.
Conditional Bills of Sale
Oliver Typewriter Co. to Ralph B. <
Savitz, typewriter, $100.
Farmers State bank of Colfax to
Mrs. Eugenia Meyer, real mtg.
J- A. Perkins et al. to Eleanor
Truax Harris, real mtg.
,W. T. Baker to W. W. Loomis and
McGreagor Land and Livestock
Co. to C. H. Hoskins, sh swq 34-14
--37, attachment, $50.
Sophia Golden vs. Myrtle H. Gol
den et vir, two lis pendens.
TUESDAY, JAN. 7, 1911
Gov. Pa ten is and Receipts
United Slates to .Willy Wilson,
seq 34-14-31, receipt.
Susanna C. King and husband to
Robt. L. Fineher, tract near Pena
Claude Swegle, referee, to Chas.
H. VanScluick, lot 1. blk 39, Colfax,
Daniel Morgan and wife to John
F. Kelley, eh uwq, wh neq 10-18
John T. Green aud wife to Chas.
L. Stubbs, lots 5, li, 7, 8, blk 57,
Railroad add, Pennington, $1.
Riley Lucas to Frances Lucas, lots
1, 2, 7, 8, blk -'■•, Wiley's 2nd add.
Anton Cupa to Geo. Henllae, live
stock, etc., $216.
Patrick Drain to D. C McKenna
and wife, real mtg.
.Mrs. E. Krausse to Robt. L. Fineh
-81 and wife, real mtg.
Endicott Merc. Co. to T. .1. Brown,
Pullman State bank to S. S. Gill,
Jos. Mandel and A. J. Lee, agree
ment with Rosalia Hardware Co.
Mizpah Copper Mining Co., Ltd.,
amendment to articles of Incorpora
tion increasing stock.
WEDNESDAY, JAN. 8, 1013
F. and A. M. lodge, No. 37. to
Conrad Wagner, wh lot 8, blk 17,
Mountain View cemetery, $15.
L. Y. Williams and wife to Johu
Shawgo, uh lot 14, blk 2, St. John,
Richard B. Grant to Samuel P.
Weaver, uh neq, seq neq, neq nwq,
Claude D. Westacott and wife to
First Savings and Trust bank, neq,
eh nwq, swq nwq, 13-17-44, $3000.
Chas. B. Alexander and wife to
Moses R. Fish, neq, 30-19-44, part
J. W. Cooper and wile to Bank of
Farmington, eh swq, nwq seq, 24-19
S. V. Meek and wife to L. F. Shir
ley, sh neq, uh seq, 5-13-45. $5000.
Robt. Godwin to Dorman Bros,
ciop eh, 31-16-40, $1362.
Theodore Stlrewalt to Pullman
State bank, 2-3 crop, nh 34-14-4
pit 27, pt swq 26-14-45, $2000.
John Bowman to Harvey and Re
gan, hay and wagon, $87.
L. 11. Shirley to S. V. Meek and
Wife, real mtg.
Bank of Farmington to Thos ,i.
Cooper, real mtg.
Colfax Implement Co. to .1. A.
Rogers, real mtg.
THURSDAY, JAN. 9. 1913
Gov. Patents und ReceipUt
United States to Claude C. Catlett,
vh neq, nh se-q, 10-18-39, receipt.
Ernest Becker and wife to Henry
H. Storm, pt 2-12-45, $1000.
W. B. Daw and wife to Fred Gold
smith, tract m Pullman, $1.
Jas. C. Vanskike to Sarah Branch
ft al., 31-17-40, $1.
Edw. A. Brlmer and wife to Simon
Wiedrlch, eh neq, 10-16-39, $1.
Monroe F. Sayies to Robt. J. P>>rk
and wife, eh seq, eh neq, 34, nwq,
E. E. Carroll and husband to Glen
Augir, lot 1. blk 9. west of E street,
Breeding's add, Palouse, $1.
Simon Wiedrich and wife to
Claude C, Catlett. eh neq, 10-16-39.
Clara A. Hartley to Robt J. Park,
neq nwq, 30-17-40, except, $1.
Bert Bragg to Colfax National
bank, wh 32-17-44, $5.
Creditors Claim and Adjustment
Co. to Batt Bragg, wh 32-17-44,
Masonic Lodge, No. 37, F. and A.
M. to 0. S. Propst, lot 3, blk 15,
Mountain View cemetery, $25.
Sam Cavis to E. C. Walton, lots
5 and xi, blk 5, Alvln Manrlng's add,
J. B. Dudley and wife to R. H.
Hill, c 31 ft of lots 4, 5, blk 10.
Fitches add, Palouse, $5000.
F. J. Hayfleld and wife to John
Fischer, nwq 36-19-4... $1.
Wm. Collard et al. to Chas. Day,
neq 5-16-45, lease; to H. S. Curtis
et al., seq 14-17-45, lease.
John M. Swanson and wife to
Robt. F. Walker, pt 19-17-4 $1000.
Dan M. Calllngwood to Commer
cial State bank, pt 17-18-45, $12,695.
Claude c. Catlett and wife to
Frank D. Stark, eh neq, wh neq, wh
seq. 10-16-39, $1000.
R. V. Klrkpatrlck and wife to
Mary L. Shanks, lot 2, blk 12. Wil
ey's add, Palouse, $100.
Math Schumacher and wife to
Maggie C. Darr. lot 2. blk 2,
Schwenne's add, Unlontown, $1200.
M. L. Nesbltt to Farmers Innb -
..-in Co., llvo stock, etc., $225.
('. W. Clark to Ira N. Nye, engine,
taw, etc., $376.
Charley Hartley et al. to Bank of
Winona, live stock, $250.
Ben Marsh to Lamont State bank,
2-3 crop seq 1-20-40, $200.
R. J. Park to J. M. Duncan, 350
«acks wheat, neq 27-18-39, $521.
11. E. Rease to Palouse Hdwe. end
lmpl. Co., crop neii nwq, lot 1 of ' 7
-16-46, $126; live stock, $126.
L. S. Nordyke and wife to W. W.
Hubbard, live stock, $350.
W. W. Hubbard to L. S. Nordyke,
Bank of Winona to Charley Hart
ley et al., two '.-hats.
S. J. Abbott to J. M. Clark, par
tial release, chat.
Bills of Sale
Jesse Grant to C. W. Clark, en
gine, etc., $50.
R. 11. Hill and wife to J. B. Dud
ley, a 31 ft of lots 4, 5, blk 10,
Fitches add, I'alouse, $5000, agree
ment to sell.
■G. B. Carter, sheriff, to Col.'ax
.Nat'l bank, wh 32-17-44, $7789, cer
Clara A Hartley to the public, ,>f
Chas. K. David and wife vs. J. E.
i.esster <-t al., lis pendens.
FRIDAY, JAN. 10. 1913
John Fisher and wife to Peer
Fisher, wh nwq 38, eh seq neq 35
--19-4 5, $7500.
Wesley W. King and wife to Hans
0. Tauge, pt eh 3-17-4 $1.
D. W. Truax to Chas. H. Prultt,
nh lot 11, blk 2, Goldenrod cemetery,
Peter Fisher and wife to Bank of
Farmington, wh nwq 36. eh seq neq
35-19-45, seq uwq 36-19-45, $5250.
U. Q. Crisp and wife to Philip
Blau, lots 6, 7, 8, blk 43, Holbro ,k's
add, Garfield, $1200.
Annie E. Dowling to First Savings
and Trust bank, eh nwq, neq swq,
swq swq 15-15-43, $3500.
Hans O. Hauge and wife to North
western Mutual Life Ins. Co., ah neq,
pt seq 3-17-45, $2800.
Burrell Investment Co to Geo. F.
Stivers and wife, real mtg.
R. J. Steinhaus to J. K. Martin,
M. J. Rumbaugh et al. to T. C.
Conipton, partial release, chat,
Bills of Sale
Robt. Charles to Gordon Bros.,
Conditional Bills of Sale
N. W. School Furniture Co. to H.
Wlllett, chairs, $428.
The following easements have teen
granted to the Pacific Telephone and
Telegraph Co.: Phoebe Bloom Tay
lor, over pt 26-15-44, $1; Thos. W.
Ravage, over pt sections I, 2 in 14
--44, $1; Ben Manning, . over sections
21, 27 in 15-44, $1; V. Hofer, over
nwq 0-15-44, swq 31-16-44, $1, L.
M. Sheffer, over pt 36-1 C-43, $1; W.
11. James, over pt seq 1416-43, *1;
Sreek Lybecker, over pt 1-14-44. $1;
Isabella Taylor, over sections 21, 28
in 15-44, $1; E. D. Zimmerman, over
l>t 17-15-44, $1; A. R. Price, over
Pi 21-15-44, 20-15-44, $1; Mrs. K.
W. Eldredge, over pt 36-16-43, $1;
.1 11. MeTier, over pt 7-15-4 4, $1; W.
Baucher, over pt 7-15-44, $1; N. N.
Carroll, over pt 23,24 in 16-43. $1;
... R. Rupley, over pt 36-15-44, $1.
For the last six or seven years
there has been a tremendous growth
In the minds of our people for rural
betterment. This growth has come
through many channels and em
bodies developments along a num
ber of different lines. Probably the
greatest development though. In the
greatest development, though, In the
our efforts to Improve farming by
raislrg more bushels per acre, sell
ing it at an advance over the price
of former years and curtailing ex
penses for labor and other materials
for the farm.
We have been guided In our ef
forts along all these lines by the
agricultural colleges In their teach
ing the principles of scientific farm
ing, either directly In the class room
or through the experiment stations,
the demonstration trains, the winter
schools with their short courses and,
of course, to some extent through
the efforts of such co-operative
bodies as the Farmers Educational
and Co-operative Union and the
Grange, but It has all so far had to
do only with dollars and cents or the
upbuilding of the financial side of
farm life. I have no fault to find
with this, for It Is fundamentally
right to look well to that side of It
as it stimulates new activities and
ls vitally necessary to carry on all
other phases of the work.
I have watched the growth of this
organization both ln the state and
county since Its very Infancy and
have in my feeble way many times
repeatedly called attention to the
constant efforts of all of our mem
bers to develop the organization
from the financial point of view an 1
again today 1 want to direct you to
the necessity of striving for rural
betterment through other channels
than the financial. If you will look
into the work of our normal schools,
our colleges and our universities,
you will see that they all are recog
nising that a great part of their ef
forts ln extension work must be
along the line of Improved rural
social conditions and not a financial
condition. That Is, we must have
a better social condition for our
rural people, especially the younger
class, if we would keep them on the
farm and mature a thrifty, stable
and self-respecting class of people.
Many of these schools have not only
recognized this Important phase of
the work, but are actually In the
field, pushing it with gieat success.
We should not be content to have
the schools do this work alone for
us, but we should tn all such meet
ings and bodies as this organization
do a great deal ourselves. Our na
tional, state and local meetings can
advocate legislation and have really
accomplished a good deal along this
line to assist the rural people in
overcoming financial difficulties, but
legislation and resolutions nnd re
ports of committees will do little to
aid us ln social betterment. We
must all do our share. Yes, a little
more than our share in aiding this
movement, If we would succeed and
build the kind of citizenship we
most desire, It requires individual
effort and sacrifice and sympathy
and co-operation to do it, that Is why
I want to repeatedly call your atten
tion to it. We are growing stronger
and are able to do so much more
than we were a few years ago Our
strength as an organization and our
Influence so far has been sufficient
to demand the attention and respect
of politicians and legislators.
Tradesmen of all kinds are courting
our favors and respect and even the
writers of our best magazines and
editors of our dally papers are be
ginning to sensationalize rural life,
rural people and rural betterment.
Our ex-president nationalized the
movement through his rural life
commission, since which time many
of our states have recognized and
encouraged the movement. Our own
state, 1 am sure, will soon take place
with these foremost states and offer
some recognition and probably legis
lation for rural betterment. A
glance over all these will tend to
show to you what a wonderful
growth our people have made In
Just a few years. As a county or
ganization and as local organizations
you little realize or know what your
own growth has been. Fortunately,
nearly all that has been done in built
on a good foundation and Is 'perma
nent and will not have to be done
over again. It is marvelous when
we consider How few mistakes have
been made and how few of our mem
bers have proved a hindrance or bur
den upon the organization Of
course, more could have been done
lf all had placed shoulder to the
wheel and pushed, but usually those
who fall to do so did it rather
through not knowing just what to
do than through a desire not to do.
Now, If we are to develop other
channels along with the financial,
let us see what some of thorn are
that will have a bearing on the Im
proved social conditions of our peo
ple. Shall we include some legisla
tion? Yes, It is not the most Im
portant, but we are now somewhat
handicapped in the use of public
funds to defray the legitimate ex
penses of any meeting whose sole
purpose ls to uplift and benefit the
.ntire public. Just as it la right to
support a pjbll: school from a com
mon and public fund, bo we ought to
be allowed to tax a community to
support any community meeting
whose object is to promote the gen
eral good of all, governed of course
by such wise care and prudence as
we are guided by in handling our
public school funds.
Shall we Include the church as an
other of the agencies that will help
develop the social conditions *of our
rural people? Yes, no one will deny
that this is much needed and that
there is a great field for this de
partment, but let us beware that we
do not make the mistake made by
practically every city and town In
the United States and have ao over
churched condition. If our towns
had only half the churches that they
do have and would obliterate de-
nominational lines and dogmas
which mean nothing in living tbe
real Christian life, they would be
better off. In our rural betterment
we need a few chaurches here and
there, but they should be non-de
ne.niuttwv.'ial and should be well
supported and respected by all,
whether professing church members
or not. The minister should be
spiritually and mentally big enough
to lead In the general neighborhood
development, other than Just church
matters. Many of our communities
are right for such work now and I
believe the time is close at hand
when the rural people will solve this
matter which is becoming a vital
question with the urban people. Un
til recent years our people here in
the Immediate Northwest have been
explorers and exploiters of new con
ditions which made us a restless and
transitory people, hardly ready to
take up these more stable things, but
beginning at least with this decade
a new condition has come upon us
and we are building more perman
ent homes and institutions, doing
more scientific farming, employing a
more thoughtful business method
and are rapidly developing a feeling
for a more practical and thorough
education. We are somewhat in the
experimental stage as to our future
course ln the schools, but lt is safe
to say that the old order of things
is rapidly passing, and we shall and
are having a very much improved
order. Since our schools have al
ways been the pride of our nation,
our states and our communities, so
they will ever be. It is not then too
much to say that another or third
and probably the greatest far-tor for
rural social betterment must then
be our schools. Not that the schools
will have to have all this extra bur
den heaped upon them as a part of
their course, but all the social func
tions of the neighborhood shall for a
time be clustered about th_ school,
and the school with the teacher as
a neighborhood leader shall in a
measure shape or be influential in
shaping the affairs of the commun
ity, either by leading in person or in
fluencing the life of the home and
neighborhood through her school
room teaching. Let us make no mis
take then in selecting these teachers
who are to do V '_ all-important
work for us. In many communities
in this and adjoining counties we
find teachers with some special
training who are able to develop a
splendid neighborhood feeling lor
the entire community through the
social center work.
Our normal schools, where our
teachers are being trained, are em
phasizing this rural training as one
of the most essential qualities tor 9
successful teacher and by your close
co-operation with your county su
perintendent or the normal schools
you will be able to secure good teach
ers with such leadership and ability
for the work. Several of the coun
ties of the state, and especially this
county, has made material Improve
ment doing rural social work along
this line. Your county supirintend
ent has this matter of your social
betterment very much at heart
I wish that your calls on him for help
along this line were so frequent and
persistent that the county commis
sioners would have to give him two
01 threo more deputies for such field
work, It would bring you a unci
greater return than you are- now get
It might be of special interest tt
you to know that we are planning to
introduce through your representa
tive a bill in the legislature now
a few weeks which provides that tin
county superintendent shall -
ded with enough field deputies do
ing this special supervision and
social center work, so that no one
of them shall have less than 25 nor
more t.ian 40 schools under his dare
and that this supervisor shall devot
all his time to supervising the
schools in his unit and assisting in
such social center work for the com
munity whenever he is called upon
to do so. . You can not realize how
much lt would mean to your county
to have several men or women pos
sessed of good leadership and or
ganization devoting all their time
and energy to this work. In our
best city systems we secure the best
trained superintendent we can get,
then we give him, if necessary, the
best trained class of principals, after
which we choose experienced and
well trained teachers of mature
judgment to carry out his particular
system of work.
Why is it then that our rural boys
and girls have always had to take
the young, the Immature and often
the poorest trained teacher, with fre
quently short terms of school and
rarely ever more than one visit per
year from the county superintend
ent. It is marvelous that conditions
have not been worse or that we have
been able to hold our own as well as
we have. We hope to have this bill
passed, but, ladles and gentlemen,
who shall take the responsibility of
urging It through the legislature? It
is designed to benefit no one* in the
least except the people in districts of
the third class, that is, in districts
outside of incorporated towns. Ru
ral people alone are to be benefited.
Practically every county superintend
ent in the state is pledged to assist
all he or she can In getting this bill
through and it only remains to be
seen whether the rural people them
selves will urge their representatives
and senators to pass such a bill. I
know of nothing that would be of
greater incentive to rural betterment
than this. Our greatest danger in
not securing such a bill will be the
Indifference of the rural people
themselves for their own develop
ment. I want to urge you not to let
any feeling of indifference along any
of -the lines of rural betterment of
which I have spoken come upon you.
For whenever we find the new Ur .i
civilization well developed we find
self-respecting people, prosper,*
and happy, and keeping abreast 0 f
the times in all Important human In
terests, keenly alert to all new de
velopments and proud of their coun
Did you ever stop to think how
much more dignity and respect th
term "farmer" carries with it now
than it did a decade ago? i believe
it marks a return' to the former days
before city growth when most of the
wealth, and culture, aud family r r d( .
was in the open country and small
We all know, however, and yet
we are prone to underestimate the
terrible depressing effect of isolation
on the farm on women and children.
It has been and is now the most
serious enemy of country life devel
opment in America today. No where
else in the world are farm homes so
far apart and so scattered. The man
who naturally travels about more
than his wife, becomes acquainted
and has been able to endure this iso
lation and sometimes the wife and
mother in her zeal for a home of
her own has been able to endure It
but social hunger and craving for
some leisure and pleasure has driven
thousands of our most promising
boys and girls from the farms. Iso
lation has without doubt proved to
be our greatest curse to the country
and when we study it carefully we
wonder that it has not been worse
than it is. The telephone,* the rural
free delivery of mail and the auto
mobile are now the three greatest
factors in removing these difficulties
of rural social betterment and l
heartily commend the use of them
all to you. Indeed, today the first
two reach almost every home In your
county and the automobile is being
recognized as a western farm neces
sity. All of these are a business
necessity in the city, but In the coun
try they are becoming not only a
business necessity, but are a means
of pleasure and of much edu
cational development. We only yet
need to have perfected the device for
Imaging the face of the one to whom
we are talking to make the telephone
a perfect instrument for banishing
isolation and loneliness and for bring
ing neighbors and communities into
almost immediate touch with each
It seems to me in treating this
subject of rural betterment, 1 ought
not to leave the matter of the farm
home and Its conveniences un
touched. We have through all these
years of new and Improved farm ma
chinery sought to keep up with the
latest and best, both from the stand
point of labor-saving and efficiency
in the work being done. Many of us
have even sought all the best and
most modern conveniences in hous
ing and caring for our live stock and
at the same time, we still live In the
same illy arranged and inconvenient
home where our wives, sisters and
mothers wear themselves out day
alter day taking a hundred and one
needless steps or doing heavy work
that might be so easily remedied by
us. If we only had the work to do
or if our hired man had it to do.
This is not idle talk for I have been
in a number of your homes and know
the conditions. What is the social ef
fect on those who have to endure,
year in and yearout, this drudg
ery? Many women have grown pre
maturely old and have slaved them
selves to death because of these con
ditions which in many cases could be
Next to these serious defects in
our homes are the defects in many
of our schools where our children
spend so much of their golden time
with poor equipment and poor ar
rangement for the best returns for
their efforts. Poor light, poor venti
lation, poor heat, uncomfortable
seats, no water to even wash their
hands with, let alone to drink, no
shades on the windows, filthy and
immoral outhouses, no library and
even the teacher only meagerly sup
plied with text books if indeed she
is furnished with any books at all
and yet we expect the young people
to come out of these schools well
rounded out and fairly equipped for
a useful life. I want to say to you
people that while you have some of
the best equipped rural schools In
the state you must as a Farmers Ed
ucational and Co-operative Union,
take hold of these educational mat
ters. Secure some legislation for
your development, financially. Pro
vide for some religious training for
your community. Give some social
development through the schools for
your young people and provide bet
ter homes and better school houses
and conveniences for your chlldron.
but remember that this side of your
organization must receive more at
tention and be better developed If
you are to grow and maintain &
(strong and energetic and self-respect
ing class of boys and girls and keep
them on the farm. ."'"? '
(Talk given by George E. Craig,
head of the rural school department
of the Cheney State Normal, to the
Farmers Educational and Co-oper
ative Union of Spokane coun'y.
January 4, 1913.)